Main Text

100.

  • 1  Marius then proceeded to his winter camp, as he had started to do. He had decided to winter in the maritime towns because of pg 119their provisions.* The victory had not made him careless or arrogant; rather he advanced in a squared line* just as if the enemy were watch2ing. He placed Sulla on the right with the cavalry, on the left Manlius was in charge of the slingers and archers, also the Ligurian cohorts. He located tribunes front and rear with the light-armed infantry. 3Deserters, who had the least value and knew the territory best, spied on the enemy's march. At the same time the consul, as if he had no subordinates, took care of all provisions, appeared everywhere, 4praised and chastised as was deserved. He was himself armed and active; he compelled his soldiers to do likewise. They fortified their camp in the same way they had marched: he sent legionary cohorts to guard the gates, auxiliary cavalry to patrol outside the camp. He put some men above the ramparts on the fortifications. He personally went around the night watches, not from any fear that his orders would not be followed, but to make the soldiers more willing when 5they saw that their general worked as hard as they did. Clearly, Marius at that time and at others during the war with Jugurtha controlled his army more with shame than with threats. Many said that he did this to win popularity; others said that the hardship he had known since childhood and the other things that the rest of the world considers suffering he regarded as pleasure. However that may be, the state was served as well and honourably as it would have been by the severest discipline.

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Notes

Editor’s Note
100.1 because of their provisions: Sallust says at 102.1 that Marius was headed for Cirta; it may be that he was to winter there with part of the army, the rest in the coastal towns, but the coast is 53 miles away by road. See Map 3.
Editor’s Note
a squared line: the phrase does not appear in Caesar, seems to be misunderstood by Livy, and is used metaphorically by Cicero. Hence, it is probably not a technical term. It refers to a formation first recorded in relation to Lucullus in Spain in 151: the three columns of infantry formed a long rectangle ('squared') with baggage preceding each maniple and with cavalry and light infantry surrounding as a protective screen. See note at 49.6.
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