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pg 25411. DIOCESE OF ST DAVIDS 1563

Introduction

The return for the diocese of St Davids is contained in the Harleian collection.1 The diocese was a large one, some 100 miles by 65 miles, with much upland terrain, difficult communications and a multiplicity of small parishes. It covered the four complete counties of Pembroke, Carmarthen, Cardigan and Brecon, plus most of Radnorshire, a modest section of Herefordshire and the western end of Glamorgan, and was divided into four archdeaconries.2 However, the return impresses with its neatness, and high standards of completeness and of arithmetic. It makes a particular effort to provide the Privy Council with exactly what it asked for, explaining, for instance, that it was rare to find townships with names different from those of their mother parishes, but providing these where applicable as marginal notes. The impression is of an efficient administration responding conscientiously to the enquiry, and it is unfortunate that the effect is rather spoilt by the high level of rounding of household numbers displayed in most of the diocese. The bishop explained in his preamble that he had received the Council's letter dated the 9th of July on the 27th, it having been transmitted with letters from the president of the Council in the Marches, so that he had been very short of time to make a reply which was both rapid and considered.

His answers to the administrative questions included a complete list of the more than four hundred benefices in his diocese, separated by deaneries into parishes and chapels and noting whether parishes were rectories, vicarages or otherwise. This first reply is dated the 28th of July - so that he had apparently taken only one day to react. This is such a remarkably rapid response that one suspects that he had known unofficially that the letter was coming and had prepared his reply, but could not send it until the formal demand had actually reached him. In the reply to the fifth enquiry on household

pg 255

Map 11. Diocese of St Davids showing (a) COUNTIES, ARCHDEACONRIES and Deaneries

Map 11. Diocese of St Davids showing (a) COUNTIES, ARCHDEACONRIES and Deaneries

pg 256numbers the bishop replied that he could not answer within the short time demanded because 'it requirethe bothe a longere tyme and also painfull inquisacons and diligent consultacon w[i]th the p[ar]son, vicare, or curate of ev[er]ye p[ar]ishe'. The supplementary certificate of household numbers is bound immediately after this letter, and is undated, but endorsed as received by the Privy Council on 12 October. It provides a very neat and unaltered list by deaneries which gives each parish and then any subordinate chapels on the following lines; it is in two columns, with the left hand one headed 'The names of the p[ar]ishes' and the right hand 'The nombre of the howsholdes'. An edition of the manuscript has been recently printed, in a version which lacks modern place names but does transcribe the administrative section omitted here.3

Omissions

Breconshire: Llandeilo'r-fan.

Carmarthenshire: Brechfa; Egremont; Llan-crwys (-y-crwys).

Pembrokeshire: Haroldston (either H. West or H. St Issells); Little Newcastle; Llan-y-cefh (?); Mynachlog-ddu, and its chapelries of Llangolman and Llandeilo; Spital.

Assessment of accuracy

The general level of rounding for the whole diocese is high, with much of it concentrated on the score, and the use of the dozen varying greatly between the deaneries. But one archdeaconry, St Davids, is nearly free of approximation, and this is, once more, the area around the centre of diocesan administration. Otherwise, each of the the remaining three archdeaconries displays very similar levels among its constituent deaneries, as if there was some natural mechanism which produces rounding to this consistent extent - presumably the attitude of the archdiaconal officials in part. Some of the totals for parishes in the archdeaconries of Carmarthen and Brecon look to be suspiciously large, as if communicants, adults or total populations rather than households have been counted. In other dioceses this is very rare and may be investigated by comparison with the Compton Census, but there is so much confusion over what was counted for this diocese in 1676 that it is of little use.4 Another device is to calculate the density of settlement in terms of households per square mile, which one would normally expect to range between about 5 and 20, and if communicants pg 257

Table 11.1. Rounding to multiples of ten, twenty and twelve.

Number

Multiples of

Multiples of

Multiples of

of *

Ten

Twenty

Twelve

Parishes

n

%

n

%

n

%

Brecon First

31

12

38.7

10

32.3

8

25.8

Brecon Second

31

11

35.5

7

22.6

5

16.1

& Third

Builth

15

9

60.0

6

40.0

3

20.0

Elfael

47

17

36.2

10

21.3

5

10.6

BRECON

124

49

39.5

33

26.6

21

16.9

Cemais

22

7

31.8

4

18.2

4

18.2

Emlyn

9

5

55.6

3

33.3

1

11.1

Sub-Aeron

43

19

44.2

12

27.9

5

11.6

Ultra-Aeron

25

10

40.0

8

32.0

6

24.0

CARDIGAN

99

41

41.4

27

27.3

16

16.2

Carmarthen

39

11

28.2

6

15.4

4

10.3

Cydweli

16

5

31.3

4

25.0

3

18.8

Gower

25

8

32.0

8

32.0

5

20.0

Llangadog & Ll.

30

19

63.3

11

36.7

1

3.3

CARMARTHEN

110

43

39.1

29

26.4

13

11.8

Daugleddau

10

0

--

0

--

4

40.0

Pebidiog

22

1

4.5

0

--

1

4.5

Pembroke

44

6

13.6

3

6.8

1

2.3

Roose

31

5

16.1

3

9.7

5

16.1

ST DAVIDS

107

12

11.2

6

5.6

11

10.3

pg 258

DIOCESE

440

145

33.0

95

21.6

61

13.9

Note: * = Includes chapelries when they are given an independent return.

have been returned in error, the density will emerge as roughly three times too high for credibility. But in some of these huge St Davids parishes with their large areas of upland pasture it is not easy to be sure, since the true figure may be so low that when tripled it still seems just possible. A few cases have been noted below where the number of households claimed in 1563 is more than the total of houses recorded in the earliest nineteenth century censuses. This is of course not conclusive proof, but it does raise a very reasonable suspicion. Further investigation here is beyond the reasonable limits of an edition of this kind, but researchers with local knowledge and access to figures from other sources may well be able to resolve the problem. Pembrokeshire parishes are generally small, and the reliability of the return can be checked against Elizabethan muster certificates, which support the assumption that here it does seem to have been clearly and uniformly households which have been counted; a similar conclusion is suggested by a comparison with Hearth Tax data for the deanery of Gower, in Glamorgan.5

At the end of each deanery, in Latin, the number of parish churches, of chapels and of households is given on successive lines, and this process is repeated with sum totals at the end of each archdeaconry. The substance of these lines is given below, translated and in square brackets. All numerals are arabic. The document is mostly in Latin, with latinate parish names which have been given below in a translated version. However the initial heading is in English. The problem of providing modern place names is particularly acute in this diocese. In the absence of a single generally accepted reference list of modern parishes such as Youngs provides for English counties, the Church in Wales' official parish name, as given in recent volumes of Crockford's pg 259Clerical Directory has been used, in conjunction with Melville Richards' Welsh Administrative and Territorial Units (Cardiff, 1969), which is the standard generally used by historians in Wales; both versions are usually given where they differ significantly, and both English and Welsh versions of names are supplied where this might be helpful.

pg 260 f. 84r [DIOCESE OF ST DAVIDS]6

[ARCHDEACONRY OF ST DAVIDS] / ST DAVIDS

[Deanery of] Pebydyanke / Pebidiog

St David alias Meneven

St Davids

189

Whytchurch

Whitchurch

52

Llanelvewe

St Elvis (Llaneilfyw)

6

Llandeloye

Llandeloy

23

Llanhowell

Llanhywel7

14

Llanryan

Llanrhian

42

Marthrye

Mathry

49

Letterston

Letterston

18

Llanvayr

Llanfair Nant-y-gof

12

Granndston

Grandston

14

Brodye

Brawdy

65

Hayscastell

Hayscastle

31

Fyshgarde

Fishguard

31

Jordannston

Jordanston

16

Llanunda

Llanwnda

71

St Laurentii

St Lawrence

10

St Dogwells

St Dogwells

16

Llanstynan

Llanstinan

14

Llanrythan

Llanrheithan

8

Llanedryn

St Edrens (Llanedren)

13

Manernawen

Manorowen

21

[St Nicholas]

St Nicholas

19

    [Number of households]:

7348

f. 84vpg 261[Deanery of] Rowse / Roose

[St Mary] in Hav[er]ford West

Haverfordwest St Mary

212

[St Martin in the same town]

Haverfordwest St Martin

59

[St Thomas in the above]

Haverfordwest St Thomas

44

Frestroppe

Freystrop

12

Llangome

Llangwm

15

Burton

Burton

36

Rosem[ar]ket

Rosemarket

32

Johnston

Johnston

13

Llanstadwell

Llanstadwel

31

Steynton

Steynton

116

Hubberston

Hubberston

20

Harbranston

Herbrandston

25

Roberston

Robeston

15

Walwens

Castell Walwyn's Castle

20

Hascard

Hasguard

16

St Ismaells

St Ishmael's9

34

Marlos

Marloes

24

St Brydes

St Brides

30

Dale

Dale

25

Talbenny

Talbenny

16

Walton

Walton WeSt

12

Nolton

Nolton

14

Roche

Roch

54

Lamston

Lambston

12

Harraldston

Haroldston……10

15

Camros

Camrose

31

Trefgarne

Trefgarn

10

Osmyston

Uzmaston

13

Boulston

Boulston

9

Llangolman

Llangolman

20

pg 262

Slebech

Slebech

26

    [Number of households]:

1,01111

f. 85r[Deanery of] Penbroke / Pembroke

[St Mary] Penbroke

Pembroke St Mary

81

[St Michael in the same town]

Pembroke St Michael

52

Woram

Warren

23

Castell

M[ar]tyn Castlemartin

65

Monkton

Monkton

66

Angulo

alias Nangle Angle

54

Rosgrother

Rhoscrowther

33

Polcroghan

Pwllcrochan

31

St Tonnells

St Twynnells

23

Stackpole

Bossher Bosherston

21

Stackepole

Elyder Stackpole Elidor

54

Cossheston

Cosheston

39

St Petrockes

St Petrox

8

Lawrenny

Lawrenny

22

Yerbe[r]ston

Yerbeston

11

Lantfey

Lamphey (Llandyfai)

40

Cayrew

Carew

70

Rydbert

Redberth

13

M[ar]tyltwye

Martletwy

23

Mynwer

Minwear

11

Nasshe

Nash

6

Upton

Upton

1

Gu[m]freston

Gumfreston

19

St Florence

St Florence

50

Manerbyer

Manorbier

60

Hodgeston

Hodgeston

8

Pennaley

Penally

33

Ludchurch

Ludchurch

15

Loveston

Loveston

10

St Issells

St Issell's

47

pg 263

Tynbye

Tenby

40012

Geffreston

Jeffreyston

22

Begelly

Begelly

26

f. 85v Will[ia]mston

East Williamston

16

Cronwer

Crunwere

25

Amrothe

Amroth

31

Caldey

Caldy13

6

Narberth

Narberth

32

Robeston

Robeston Wathen

21

Newton14

Newton North

5

Coydkenlas14

Coedcynlas15 (..canlas)

1

Kylvayne16

Mounton (Cil Maen)

5

Reynaldston17

Reynoldston

5

      [Number of households]:1,60918

[Deanery of] Dungledy / Daugleddau

Prendgast

Prendergast

24

Rudbackston

Rudbaxton

23

Llysvrane

Llys-y-fran

15

Nove

Motae New Moat

24

Mayncloghog

Maenclochog

15

Ambleston

Ambleston

24

Reynaldston19

Rinaston

16

pg 264

Llawhaden

Llawhaden20

65

Wyston

Wiston

24

Clareston & Walton21

Clarbeston; Walton East22

25

[Number of households]: 25523

              [Sum total of households in the archdeaconry]: 3,60924

f. 86r[ARCHDEACONRY OF] CARMARTHEN / CARMARTHEN

[Deanery of] Carmarthen / Carmarthen

Carm[ar]than

Carmarthen

430

Llangaing

Llangain

40

Llanllough

Llan-llwch

60

Newchurch

Newchurch

33

Marthyr

Merthyr

21

Llanvalteg

Llanfallteg

15

Llandewy Velfrey

Llanddewi Felffre (Velfrey)

51

Kyllemaynlloyd

Cilymaenllwyd

25

Castell Dyrrain

Castell Dwyran

7

Llandyssylyo

Llandysilio

64

Llanglodwen

Llanglydwen

19

Llanbed[e]r Velfrey

Llanbedr Felffre (Lampeter Velfrey)

50

Cryno

Crinow

4

Llanboydy

Llanboidy

88

Llanvair ar Tave

Eglwys Fair Glyn-Taf25

22

(…ar lan Taf)

Llanviniyo

Llanwinio

45

pg 265

Treflegh

Tre-lech (a'r Betws)

40

Bettus

Betws (Capel Betws)

52

Llanstephan

Llansteffan

92

Llangynnog

Llangynog

68

M[ar]blechurch

Marblechurch26

20

St Cleres

St Clears

36

Llangynnyn

Llangynin (Llan ginning)

26

Llangan

Llangain

40

Lagharne

Laugharne

90

Kyffyg

Cyffig

47

Marros

Marros

13

Kynwylelvet

Cynwyl Elfed

70

Abernannt

Abernant

39

Mydrym

Meidrim

60

Llanyhangell Ab[er]-cowen

Llanfihangel Abercywyn

50

Llandylo Abercowen

Llandeilo Abercywyn

15

Llandawke

Llan-dawg

7

Pendyne

Pendine

18

f. 86v Llansadornen

Llansadwrnen

11

Llandou[er]our

Llanddowror

22

Henllan

Henllan Amgoed

7

Egloyskymmyn

Eglws Gymyn

24

Mayr Achyrig27

Eglwys Fair a Churig28

21

[Number of households]:

1,84229

[Deanery of] Kydwelly / Cydweli

Kydwellye

Cydweli (Kidwelly)

152

St Ismaelis

St Ishmael's30

56

pg 266

Hawgynchurch

Halkenchurch (Llansaint31?)

16

Llandeveylog

Llandyfaelog

92

Llangyndeyrne

Llangyndeyrn

134

Llangynhython

Llangynheiddon32

57

Llanllothgen

Llanllyddgen33

70

Llangunor

Llangynnwr

75

Llanedye

Llanedi

60

Penbrey

Pen-bre

52

Llandydery

Llandyry

33

Llangu[r]nor

Capel Cynnor34

42

Llannellye

Llanelli

200

Llanvullew

?35

60

Llanon

Llannon

100

Llangynnegh

Llangennech

36

[Number of households]:

1,23536

f. 87r [Deanery of] Gower / Gower

Swansey

Swansea

180

[St John's in the same town]

Swansea St John37

8

Llangywk

Llangiwg

77

Oystermowth

Oystermouth

60

Tallepont

Llandeilo Tal-y-bont

60

Rossyllye

Rhosili

22

Llangynneth

Llangennith

67

pg 267

Llanvadog

Llanmadog

19

Chyryton

Cheriton

29

Llandewy

Llanddewi

21

Ilston

Ilston

40

Llanrydyan

Llanrhidian

162

Pennnarth

Pennard

26

Byshopston

Bishopston

40

Nycholaston

Nicholaston

16

Penmayne

Penmaen

13

Llangevelagh

Llangyfelach

200

Bettus

Betws

48

Llansamlet

Llansamlet

60

Reynoldston

Reynoldston

18

Knolston

Knelston

14

Loghor

Lougher

60

Porteynon

Port Eynon

17

Oxmych

Oxwich

17

Penrys

Penrice

27

[Number of households]:

1,30137

f. 87v [Deanery of] Llandylo & Llangadig / Llangadog and Llandeilo38

Llandylo Vaur

Llandeilo Fawr

620

Llanllony

Llanllwni

35

Roscorney

Llanfihangel Rhos-y-corn

50

Llangadog

Llangadog

300

Llantheysaint

Llanddeusant

80

Mothvey

Myddfai

98

Llansadorne

Llansadwrn

110

Llanvrda

Llanwrda

50

Llanvenyth

Llanfynydd

150

Llandyngat

Llandingat

100

pg 268

Llanvayr ar bryn

Llanfair-ar-y-bryn

24039

Kynwilgayo

Cynwyl Gaeo

50040

Llansawell

Llansawel

200

Llangathen

Llangathen

110

Llan[er]thney

Llanarthne

150

Llandebye

Llandybie

111

Abergwylly

Abergwili

160

Llanyhangell Llech-vyler

Llanfihangel-uwch-Gwili

22

Llanlowthog

Llanllawddog

53

Llanypymsaint

Llanpumsaint

41

Kylvargen

Llanfihangel Cilfargen

13

Talley

Talley (Talyllychau)

90

Pencarreg

Pencarreg

90

Llanybyther

Llanybydder

104

Aberbythighe

Llanfihangel Aberythych

60

Llandeveyson

Llandyfeisant

15

Llantharog

Llanddarog

60041

Kyllycome

Cil-y-Cwm

80

Llanyhangell Yerrorth

Llanfihangel-ar-arth

112

Llanegwad

Llanegwad

159

[Number of households]:

4,50342

[Sum total of households in the archdeaconry]:

8,88143

f. 88r [ARCHDEACONRY OF] CARDIGAN / CARDIGAN

[Deanery Of] Ultrayaron / Ultra-Aeron

Llanbaderne Vaur

Llanbadarn Fawr

500

pg 269

Aberoystw[y]th

Aberystwyth

52

Llangynvellyn

Llangynfelyn

42

Llanychayron

Llanychaearn

39

Llangrothon

Llangwyryfon

30

Llanvunus

Llanwnnws

100

Llanava[n]

Llanafan-y-Trawscoed44

28

Spytty Kynven

Ysbyty Cynfyn

15

Llanyhangell Castell Gwalter

Llanfihangel Genau'r-glyn

216

Llanyhangell Gelyndrod

Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn

100

Llanylar

Llanilar

60

Llanrysted

Llanrhystud

100

Trefegloys

Llanbadarn Trefeglwys45

60

Llansanfrede

Llansanffraid

60

Charon

Tregaron

160

Llandewy Aberarth

Llanddewi Aberarth

48

Nantgu[n]lley

Nancwnlle

48

Trevylan

Trefilan

30

Carrog

Llanddeiniol

24

Rosdye

Rhostie

7

Lledrod

Llanfihangel Lledrod

76

Llanbaderne odyn

Llanbadarn Odwyn

42

Llangythoo

Llangeitho

16

Kyllyayron

Ciliau Aeron

16

Henvynewe

Henfynyw

22

[Number of households]:

1,89146

f. 88v [Deanery Of] Subayron / Sub-Aeron

Cardygan

Cardigan

5247

Tremayne

Tre-main

20

pg 270

Verwick

Y Ferwig (Verwick)

32

Aberporth

Aberporth

22

Llangoydmor

Llangoedmor48

57

Blaenporth

Blaenporth

32

Penbry[n]

Penbryn

70

Bettus Iev[an]

Betws Ifan

17

Bryngwyn

Brongwyn

10

Gogof

Llangrannog

36

Llandyssyllyo

Llandysiliogogo

60

Llanychayron

Llannerch Aeron

20

Llanarth

Llannarth

100

Llanyna

Llanina

16

Llanllowchayrne

Llanllwchaearn

28

Dyhewed

Dihewyd

30

Istrad

Llanfihangel Ystrad

80

Llandewybrevye

Llanddewi Brefi

160

Garthelny

Gartheli

23

Blaenpennall

Blaenpennal

19

Gunvyll

Gwynfil49

16

Bettus Llykye

Betws Leucu

17

Llangybye

Llangybi

21

Bettus Bledrus

Betws Bledrws

20

Kellan

Cellan

42

Llanvunen

Llanwnnen

30

Llansylyen

Silian

20

Llanbed[e]r Pont Stephen

Llampeter Pont Steffan (Llanbedr..)

60

Llanwenok

Llanwenog

80

Llandyssyll

Llandysul

60

Dewy

Capel Dewi

23

Llanfren

?50

45

Llansylved

Llandysulfed

28

Llanvair Berthgyndye

Llanfair

11

f. 89r Llanvayre Cledoge

Llanfair Clydogau

40

Bangor

Bangor Teifi

30

pg 271

Llanvayr Ollwyn

Llanfairorllwyn

19

Trefdreir

Trefdreyr51

33

Llandogwy

Llandygwydd

30

Llangu[n]llo

Llangynllo

31

Llandevryog

Llandyfriog

36

Llanvayr Trellygen

Llanfair Treflygen

6

Lleghryd et Mount52

Llechryd, Mount53

10

[Number of households]:

1,59254

[Deanery Of] Emlyn / Emlyn

Kylgarron

Cilgerran

30

Manerdyvye

Maenordeifi

20

Llanyhangell Penbedo

Llanfihangel Penbedw55

17

Penrythe

Penrhydd56

10

Clydey

Clydau

28

Kylredyn

Cilrhedyn

40

Penbeyr

Pen-boyr

60

Kennarthe

Cenarth

52

Llangeller

Llangeler

77

[Number of households]:

33457

f. 89v [Deanery Of] Kemys / Cemais

St Dogmaels

St Dogmaels58

60

Llantwyd

Llantood

30

Molgrove

Moylgrove

40

pg 272

Bavill

Bayvil

8

Eglois Yrroo

Eglwyswrw

11

Llanv[e]rnagh super Tave

Llanfyrnach

24

Henryes Mote

Henry's Moat

20

Castle Bigh

Castle Bythe (Castlebythe)

14

Poncheston

Puncheston

19

Pontvayne

Pontfaen

8

Llan[er]chlloydog

Llanychlwydog

15

Llanlawen

Llanllawern

6

Dynas

Dinas

27

Newport

Newport

50

Nevarne

Nevern

60

Kylgwyn

Cilgwyn

15

Melyney

Meline

30

Brydell

Bridell

23

Nantgwyn

Llanfair Nant-Gwyn

12

Eccl[es]ie Albae

Whitechurch in Kemes

28

Morvill

Morvil

16

Llanychayth

Llanychar

9

[Number of households]:

52559

[Sum total of households in the archdeaconry]:

4,34260

f. 90r [ARCHDEACONRY OF] BRECHON / BRECON

[Deanery of First Part of] Brecon / Brecon61

[St John] in Brechon

Brecon St John62

160

[Blessed Mary]63

Brecon St Mary

196

Llanvygan

Llanfeugan

87

pg 273

Trallon

Trallwng

48

Llandeveylog

Llandyfaelog-Fach

60

Llanyhangell Vaghan

Llanfihangel Fechan

46

Istradgynllys

Ystradgynlais

68

Cantref

Cantref

27

Nantduy

Capel Nantddu

11

Vaynor

Vaynor

36

Llanyspydded

Llanspyddid

46

Penpont

Penpont

20

Tallachduy

Talachddu

23

Aberysker

Aberyskir

20

Penderyn

Penderyn

60

Llansaint frede

Llansantffraed-juxta-Usk

47

Llandettye

Llanthetty

56

Tave Vaghan

Capel Taf Fechan64

12

Llanhanlagh

Llanhamlach

24

Lleghvaine

Llech-faen65

12

Llanvaes

Llanfaes

71

Dyvynnok

Defynnog

132

Istradveltey

Ystradfellte

100

Llewell

Llywel

180

Rydbrewe

Rhydybriw

20

M[er]thyr Conock

Merthyr Cynog

133

Nantbrane

Llanfihangel Nantbran

60

Llanvrennoch

Llanfrynach

46

Carthprengye

Garthbrengy

20

Llandowe

Llanddew

30

Battell66

Battle

30

f. 90v [Number of households]:

1,88167

pg 274[Deanery of the 2nd and 3rd Parts of] Brechon / Brecon

Llanelvewe

Llanelieu

30

Llanyhangell Tallelyn

Llanfihangel Talyllyn

28

Kethedyn

Cathedine

41

Brantlys

Bronllys

43

Talgarth

Talgarth

16568

Gwetho[u]r69

Gwenddwr

66

Llyswen

Llyswen

10

Ab[er]linvyr

Aberllynfi

5

Llangyneder

Llangyndir

90

Llangors

Llangorse

56

Llanyhangell Come Duy

Cwmdu
Tretowe

180

Treto[u]r

Llanbeder

Llanbedr Ystrad Yw

50

P[ar]trisso

Patricio

15

Llangaston

Llangasty Talyllyn

31

Crykhowell

Crickhowell (Crucywel)

67

Llangattog

Llangattock

161

Llanelly

Llanelli

6

Llangeny

Llangenni

60

Llanygon

Llanigon

64

Hay

Hay

60

Glasebury

Glasbury
Pipton

140

Picton

Llanvillo

Llanfilo70

23

Llandevalley

Llandefalle

60

Crykgaderne

Crickadarn

60

Clydog71

Clydach / Clodock
Craswall72

240

Craswall

pg 275

[St Margaret]73

St Margaret's74

25

Old Castell75

Oldcastle76

7

Llandyssyllyo & Raulston77

Llancillo,78 Rowlstone

37

f. 91r Esklye79

Michaelchurch Escley80

64

Dewlas

Dulas81
Ewyas Harold81

36

Ewes Harrold

Come Yoye

Cwmyoy82

127

[Number of households]:

1,947 [2,047]83

[Deanery of] Buylt / Buallt84

Llangam[er]ch

Llangammarch85

130

Llanvrtyd

Llanwrtyd

60

Llandewy

Llanddewi (Abergwesyn)

26

Llanyhangell

Llanfihangel

64

Llanganten86

Llanganten87

40

pg 276

Llanynys

Llanynys

43

Mays mynys

Maesmynis

48

Llanavan vaur

Llanafan Fawr88

140

Brynbapbean

Llanfihangell Brynpabuan

60

Abergwessen

Llanfihangell Abergwessin

50

Llanavan Veghan

Llanafan (Fechan)

32

Llandewy Come

Llanddewi'r Cwm

46

Llanfair89

Builth (Llanfair-ym-Muallt)

40

Llanvthull

Llanwrthwl

90

Llanllewelvell

Llanllywenfel

40

[Number of households]:

90990

f. 91v [Deanery of both parts of] Elvells / Elfael91

Bowghroed

Boughrood

34

Llanbeder

Llanbedr Painscastle

46

Paynscastle

Painscastle

20

Llanelwydd

Llanelwedd

41

Aberedwy

Aberedw

68

Llanvareth

Llanfaredd

24

Clyro

Clyro

80

Bettus

Betws

20

Llanstephen92

Llanstephen

60

Llandylo

Llandeilo Graban

61

Dysserth

Disserth

81

Bettus

Bettws Disserth

31

Llansanfrede

Llansanffraid-yn-Elfael

48

(-in-Elwell)

Brongwyn

Bryngwyn

49

pg 277

Newchurch

Newchurch

22

Glascombe

Glascombe (Glasgwm)

10

Rulen

Rhulen

26

[Another chapel]

Colva?93

46

Crykrena

Cregrina

33

Llanbaderne

Llanbadarn-y-Garreg

25

Llowes

Llowes

75

Llandewy Vagh

Llanddewi Fach

30

Glawstry

Gladestry

66

Nantmellan

Llanfihangel Nantmelan

35

Llandryndod

Llandrindod

41

Cascob

Casgob

25

Bygeldye

Beguildy (Bugeildy)

100

Nantmell

Nantmel

200

Llanyhangell Heligen94

Llanfihangel Helygen

21

Llanyre Yrroes

Llanllyr-yn-Rhos

65

Raydergoy

Rhayader (Rhaeadr)

33

St Harmon95

St Harmon's

90

Blethvagh

Bleddfa

26

Llanbyster

Llanbister96

160

Llandewy

Llanddewi Ystradenni

80

Llanawno

Llananno

30

Rydython

Llanfihangel Rhydithon

60

Llanbaderne Venyth

Llanbadarn Fynydd

36

Whytten

Whiston

13

Llangu[n]llo

Llangynllo

50

Pylleth

Pilleth

13

Hyoppe

Heyope

30

Moghtref

Mochdre

30

Llandegley

Llandegley (Llandeglau)

71

Kerry97

Kerry (Ceri)

200

Lanbaderne

Llanbadarn Fawr

54

pg 278

Kevenllys98

Cefnllys

42

[Number of households]:

2,592 [2,501]99

[Sum total of the archdeaconry]:

7,329 [7,338]100

[Sum total of all families within the diocese]:

24,161 [24,170]101

Notes Settings

Notes

Editor’s Note
1 BL MS Harley 595; the administrative return appears on ff. 81r–83v, and the later reply on household numbers on ff. 84r–92r.
Editor’s Note
2 There were no peculiar jurisdictions, which must have simplified the collection process.
Editor’s Note
3 M. Gray, 'The Diocese of St Davids in 1563', Journal of Welsh Religious History, 5 (1997), 29–56.
Editor’s Note
4 Whiteman, 459.
Editor’s Note
5 A copy of the 1599 general muster is reproduced in The Taylors Cussion by George Owen, ed. E.M. Pritchard (London, 1906), ff. 80– 82v. Figures are given for 'people of all sort', but this cannot be taken literally and must omit part of the population. A comparison does show that virtually all the Pembrokeshire parishes were assessed in 1563 on a basis which is consistent with this 1599 survey, and since the 1599 numbers are substantially greater, though still obviously too small to be total populations, the 1563 totals are very likely to be a count of households. For Gower see E. Parkinson, ed., The Glamorgan Hearth Tax Assessment of 1670, South Wales Record Society (1994), pp. lxviii–lxix.
Editor’s Note
6 After the diocesan title (in Latin), the following heading prefaces the return: 'Herafter Followe the names of all the p[ar]ishe churches and chappelles w[i]thin the dioc[es] of Sainct Davides together w[i]th the nomber of houshold[es] conteyned in the same. It is to be noted that all the churches and chappells w[i]thin the dioc[es] (verye fewe excepted) and the townes and hamlett[es] wher they be sytuate have all one name.'
Editor’s Note
7 Independent by 1733 (A.W. Wade-Evans, 'Parochiale Wallicanum', Y Cymmrodor, XXII, 1910, 27).
Editor’s Note
8 Correct. Parishes: 19 Chapels: 3.
Editor’s Note
9 Note that there is another St Ishmael's in Cydweli Deanery, below.
Editor’s Note
10 There were two Haroldston parishes in this deanery - Haroldston West and Haroldston St Issells (East). If position in the list is significant, then this one is more likely to be Haroldston West. Haroldston St Issells is also absent from the 1676 survey (Whiteman, 459).
Editor’s Note
11 Correct. Parish churches: 31. Chapels: 0.
Editor’s Note
12 This looks too big; if it is an error for communicants, then the number of households should have been about 100–150. The muster return of 1599 would support this, as would the Piracy Commissioners' total of 200 houses in the settlement around the port in 1565 (PRO SP 12/39/6).
Editor’s Note
13 A chapel in Penally by 1733 (Wade-Evans). Caldy was later claimed to be both extra-parochial and extra-diocesan (R. Kollar, 'A Question of Monastic Independence….', Journal of Welsh Ecclesiastical History, 3, 1995, 56–8).
Editor’s Note
14 'chapel annexed to St Dogmels' (in Latin)
Editor’s Note
15 A chapel in Martletwy by 1733 (Wade-Evans).
Editor’s Note
16 'chapel annexed to Slebech' (in Latin).
Editor’s Note
17 'chapel appropriated to the Priory of Haverford' (in Latin)
Editor’s Note
18 Correct. Parish churches: 36. Chapels: 8.
Editor’s Note
19 An error perhaps provoked by the presence of Reynoldston above - this must be Rinaston.
Editor’s Note
20 Probably includes Bletherston.
Editor’s Note
21 'chapels annexed to Slebech' (in Latin).
Editor’s Note
22 Two separate parishes by 1733 (Wade-Evans, 29–30).
Editor’s Note
23 Correct. Parish churches: 8. Chapels: 3.
Editor’s Note
24 Correct. Parish churches: 95. Chapels: 14.
Editor’s Note
25 Eglwys Fair ar lan Taf in 1733 (Wade-Evans). The name, though perhaps not the chapel, has disappeared from the O.S. map, 7th series.
Editor’s Note
26 Marble or Marbel Church in 1733 (Wade-Evans); disused but standing in 1850, in the hamlet of Llanybri (Lewis, II, 102).
Editor’s Note
27 'annexed to Henllan' (in Latin).
Editor’s Note
28 So called in 1733, when it was a chapel in Henllan Amgoed, as it was in 1850 (Lewis, I, 411).
Editor’s Note
29 Correct. Parish churches: 23. Chapels: 16.
Editor’s Note
30 There is another St Ishmael's in Roose Deanery.
Editor’s Note
31 By 1850 the only chapel within the parish was Llansaint (Lewis, I, 434).
Editor’s Note
32 Capel Llangynheiddon in 1733, probably disused during the 18th century (Wade-Evans, 49).
Editor’s Note
33 So called in 1733, when it was a chapel (Wade-Evans, 49).
Editor’s Note
34 So called in 1733 (Wade-Evans, 49); it was in ruins, and in the hamlet of Pendryn, in 1850 (Lewis, I, 301).
Editor’s Note
35 In 1850 there were said to be five sub-divisions of the parish, each with a chapel in the medieval period, but none of the names given corresponds with this one. (Lewis, I, 13). Melville Richards gives Capel Gwnllyw in this parish (Welsh Administrative Units, 115).
Editor’s Note
36 Correct. Parish churches: 7. Chapels: 9.
Editor’s Note
37 The building is now called St Matthews; this was a church situated outside its own parish (Swansea, ed. G. Williams, Swansea, 1990), 5).
Editor’s Note
37 Correct.Parish churches: 21.Chapels: 4.
Editor’s Note
38 A number of the larger household totals in this deanery look to be too big, and may refer to communicants rather than households, but this cannot be stated with any certainty.
Editor’s Note
39 This looks to be larger than is likely.
Editor’s Note
40 This total is larger than the census figure in the early 19th century, and so may an error for communicants.
Editor’s Note
41 This probably refers to communicants, since it is much larger than the 1831 census return.
Editor’s Note
42 Correct. Parish churches: 21. Chapels: 9.
Editor’s Note
43 Correct. Parish churches: 72. Chapels: 38.
Editor’s Note
44 A separate parish with its own chapelries in 1733 (Wade-Evans, 61). Probably includes Yspytty Ystwyth.
Editor’s Note
45 Probably contains Cilcennin.
Editor’s Note
46 Correct. Parish churches: 18. Chapels: 7.
Editor’s Note
47 The Piracy Commissioners of 1565 returned 55 inhabited houses and as many more empty (PRO SP 12/39/1).
Editor’s Note
48 What may be chapels in Llangoedmor (Llechryd and Mount) appear at the end of this deanery.
Editor’s Note
49 'Capel Gwenvyl' had already been abandoned by 1733 (Wade-Evans, 61).
Editor’s Note
50 Six chapels are named in 1733, but none resembles this one (Wade-Evans, 60).
Editor’s Note
51 A parish in 1733, but disappeared since then.
Editor’s Note
52 'appropriated to the Queen'.
Editor’s Note
53 Both these chapels were located in Llangoedmor parish (above) in 1733 (Wade-Evans, 60).
Editor’s Note
54 Correct. Parish churches: 27. Chapels: 16.
Editor’s Note
55 Probably includes Capel Colman.
Editor’s Note
56 Probably includes Castellan.
Editor’s Note
57 Correct. Parish churches: 9. Chapels: 0.
Editor’s Note
58 Probably includes Monington.
Editor’s Note
59 Correct. Parish churches: 19. Chapels: 3.
Editor’s Note
60 Correct. Parish churches: 73. Chapels: 26.
Editor’s Note
61 The assignment of parishes to the various parts of Brecon seems to have varied very considerably since 1563 - it was quite different in 1733 for instance (Wade-Evans).
Editor’s Note
62 Probably includes Llanywern.
Editor’s Note
63 Written in the margin: 'in villa brechon'.
Editor’s Note
64 So called in 1733 (Wade-Evans, 37)
Editor’s Note
65 This chapel had gone by 1733 (Wade-Evans, 38).
Editor’s Note
66 'formerly belonging to the Priory of Brecon' (in Latin).
Editor’s Note
67 Correct. Parish churches: 21. Chapels: 10.
Editor’s Note
68 The last numeral has been apparently altered from '3' to '5'.
Editor’s Note
69 'formerly belonging to the monastery of Dore' (in Latin).
Editor’s Note
70 Probably includes Llandefaelog Tre'graig.
Editor’s Note
71 'in villa Longtowne'.
Editor’s Note
72 In Herefordshire; an independent parish by 1728 as Craswell / Craswall.
Editor’s Note
73 'formerly belonging to the monastery of Llanthony' (in Latin).
Editor’s Note
74 In Herefordshire; not recorded by Youngs as anything but independent (II, 125, 134).
Editor’s Note
75 'formerly adjoined as above' (i.e. to Llanthony; in Latin).
Editor’s Note
76 In Monmouthshire.
Editor’s Note
77 'formerly attached to the said house' (in Latin).
Editor’s Note
78 Rowlstone became separate early; 'Llandyssyllyo' is now represented on the map by the 'empty' parish of Llancillo and is now perhaps included in Rowlstone.
Editor’s Note
79 'Annexed to the church of Clydog, situated in the town of Llanyhangell' (in Latin).
Editor’s Note
80 In Herefordshire.
Editor’s Note
81 Both in Herefordshire.
Editor’s Note
82 Mostly in Monmouthshire.
Editor’s Note
83 The given total is wrong - since it is exactly 100 too few, this may point to arithmetical error, though one of the parochial totals may have been mis-copied. Parish churches: 21. Chapels: 15.
Editor’s Note
84 Some of the 'household' totals in this deanery may well refer erroneously to communicants, since they seem to be improbably large by comparison with early 19th century census returns - in a number of cases they are almost identical to the 1831 levels, which seems unlikely.
Editor’s Note
85 Probably includes Llansantffraed Cwmdeuddwr; might include Llandulais.
Editor’s Note
86 'annexed to the church of Llantharog' (in Latin).
Editor’s Note
87 Probably includes Llangynog.
Editor’s Note
88 Probably includes Alltmawr.
Editor’s Note
89 In the margin: 'in the town of Bealt' (in Latin).
Editor’s Note
90 Correct. Parish churches: 6. Chapels: 9.
Editor’s Note
91 Some of the totals returned in this deanery may well refer to communicants instead, since there appears to have been remarkably little growth by comparison with the early 19th century census returns, though in some cases, of course, this may well have been true.
Editor’s Note
92 'appropriated to the Archdeaconry of Brecon' (in Latin).
Editor’s Note
93 This was the name of the second chapel in Glascombe in 1733 (Wade-Evans, 43) and since.
Editor’s Note
94 'situate sup[er] monte'.
Editor’s Note
95 In the margin: 'in villa Closegodmon'.
Editor’s Note
96 Probably included Abbey Cwmhir until the 19th century.
Editor’s Note
97 In the margin: 'in villa Treylan'.
Editor’s Note
98 In the margin: 'in villa Llanyhangell'.
Editor’s Note
99 The given total is incorrect. Parish churches: 29. Chapels: 18.
Editor’s Note
100 The given totals of the deaneries is correctly added up, but the total by addition of the parish totals is wrong because of the errors in two of the deaneries noted above. The two errors come close to balancing each other. Parish churches: 77. Chapels: 52.
Editor’s Note
101 The totals of the archdeaconries have been correctly added up, but the error in the Archdeaconry of Brecon has given a wrong diocesan total. Parish churches: 317. Chapels: 130.
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