Benjamin [Ben] Jonson

C. H. Herford and Percy Simpson (eds), Ben Jonson, Vol. 3: The Tale of a Tub; The Case is Altered; Every Man in his Humour; Every Man out of his Humour

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Act i. Scene ii.

Critical Apparatus1

Sogliardo, Carlo Bvffone, Macilente. NAy looke you Carlo: this is my Humour now! 2I haue land and money, my friends left me well, and Critical Apparatus3I will be a Gentleman, whatsoeuer it cost me.

Critical Apparatus4

Car. A most gentleman-like resolution.

pg 444 Critical Apparatus5

Sog. Tut, and I take an humour of a thing once, I am Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus6like your taylors needle, I goe through: but, for my name, 7Signior, how thinke you? will it not serue for a gentlemans 8name, when the Signior is put to it? Ha?

9

Car. Let me heare: how is't?

10

Sog. Signior Insulso Sogliardo: me thinkes it sounds 11well.

Critical Apparatus12

Car. O excellent! tut, and all fitted to your name, you 13might very well stand for a gentleman: I know many 14Sogliardos gentlemen.

Critical Apparatus15

Sog. Why, and for my wealth I might be a Iustice of 16Peace.

Editor’s Note17

Car. I, and a Constable for your wit.

18

Sog. All this is my Lordship you see here, and those 19Farmes you came by.

20

Car. Good steps to gentility too, mary: but Sogli-21ardo, if you affect to be a gentleman indeede, you must Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus22obserue all the rare qualities, humours, and complements 23of a gentleman.

Critical Apparatus24

Sog. I know it, Signior, and if you please to instruct, 25I am not too good to learne, Ile assure you.

Critical Apparatus26

Car. Inough sir: Ile make admirable vse i'the proiec-27tion of my medicine vpon this lumpe of copper here. Ile Critical Apparatus28bethinke me, for you sir.

Critical Apparatus29

Sog. Signior, I will both pay you, and pray you, and Critical Apparatus30thanke you, and thinke on you.

GREX.

31

Cord. Is not this purely good?

Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus32

Macil. Sbloud, why should such a prick-eard hine as this,

pg 44533Be rich? Ha? a foole? such a transparent gull

34That may be seene through? wherefore should he haue land,

Critical Apparatus35Houses, and lordships? O, I could eate my entrailes,

36And sinke my soule into the earth with sorrow.

Critical Apparatus37

Car. First (to be an accomplisht gentleman, that is, Editor’s Note38a gentleman of the time) you must giue o're house-keeping 39in the countrey, and liue altogether in the city amongst Critical Apparatus40gallants; where, at your first apparance, 'twere good you 41turn'd foure or fiue hundred acres of your best land into Critical Apparatus42two or three trunks of apparel (you may doe it without going Critical Apparatus43to a coniurer) and be sure, you mixe your selfe stil, with such Editor’s Note44as flourish in the spring of the fashion, and are least Critical Apparatus45popular; studie their carriage, and behauiour in all; learne Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus46to play at Primero and Passage, and (euer when you lose) Critical Apparatus47ha' two or three peculiar othes to sweare by, that no man Critical Apparatus48else sweares: but aboue all, protest in your play, and Critical Apparatus49affirme, Vpon your credit; As you are a true gentleman (at Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus50euery cast) you may doe it with a safe conscience, I warrant 51you.

Critical Apparatus52

Sog. O admirable rare! he cannot choose but be 53a gentleman, that ha's these excellent gifts: more, more, I 54beseech you.

Critical Apparatus55

Car. You must endeuour to feede cleanly at your Editor’s Note56Ordinarie, sit melancholy, and picke your teeth when 57you cannot speake: and when you come to Playes, be Editor’s Note58humorous, looke with a good startch't face, and ruffle your Critical Apparatus59brow like a new boot; laugh at nothing but your owne Critical Apparatus60iests, or else as the Noblemen laugh. That's a speciall grace 61you must obserue.

pg 446 62

Sog. I warrant you, sir.

Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus63

Car. I, and sit o'the stage, and flout: prouided, you 64haue a good suit.

Critical Apparatus65

Sog. O, I'le haue a suit only for that, sir.

Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus66

Car. You must talke much of your kinred, and allies.

67

Sog. Lies! no Signior, I shall not neede to doe so, Critical Apparatus68I haue kinred i'the city to talke of: I haue a neece is a Critical Apparatus69marchants wife; and a nephew, my brother Sordidos 70sonne, of the Innes of Court.

Critical Apparatus71

Car. O, but you must pretend alliance with Courtiers 72and great persons: and euer when you are to dine or suppe Editor’s Note73in any strange presence, hire a fellow with a great chaine Critical Apparatus74(though it be copper it's no matter) to bring you letters, 75feign'd from such a Noble man, or such a Knight, or such Critical Apparatus76a Ladie, To their worshipfull, right rare, and noble qualified Critical Apparatus77friend or kinsman, Signior Insulso Sogliardo, giue your selfe 78stile enough. And there (while you intend circumstances Critical Apparatus79of newes, or enquiry of their health, or so) one of your Editor’s Note80familiars (whom you must carry about you still) breakes Critical Apparatus81it vp (as 'twere in a iest) and reades it publikely at the 82table: at which, you must seeme to take as vnpardonable Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus83offence, as if he had torne your Mistris colours, or breath'd 84vpon her picture; and pursue it with that hot grace, as if Critical Apparatus85you would aduance a challenge vpon it presently.

Critical Apparatus86

Sog. Stay, I doe not like that humour of challenge, it Critical Apparatus87may be accepted; but I'le tell you what's my humour now: Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus88I will doe this. I will take occasion of sending one of my 89suites to the Taylors to haue the pocket repaired, or so; Critical Apparatus90and there such a letter, as you talke of (broke open and pg 44791all) shall be left: O, the Taylor will presently giue out what Critical Apparatus92I am, vpon the reading of it, worth twentie of your Gallants.

93

Car. But then you must put on an extreme face of 94discontentment at your mans negligence.

95

Sog. O, so I will, and beat him too: I'le haue a man 96for the purpose.

97

Macil. You may; you haue land and crownes: O 98partiall fate!

99

Carl. Masse well remembred, you must keepe your Critical Apparatus100men gallant, at the first, fine pyed liueries, laid with good 101gold lace, there's no losse in it, they may rip't off and 102pawne it, when they lacke victuals.

Critical Apparatus103

Sog. By'r Ladie, that is chargeable Signior, 'twill bring 104a man in debt.

105

Car. Debt? why, that's the more for your credit sir: 106it's an excellent policy to owe much in these daies, if you 107note it.

108

Sog. As how good Signior? I would faine be a 109Polititian.

Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus110

Car. O! looke where you are indebted any great Critical Apparatus111summe, your creditor obserues you with no lesse regard, Critical Apparatus112then if hee were bound to you for some huge benefit, and Critical Apparatus113will quake to giue you the least cause of offence, lest he Critical Apparatus114loose his money. I assure you (in these times) no man has Critical Apparatus115his seruant more obsequious and pliant, then gentlemen Critical Apparatus116their creditors: to whom if (at any time) you pay but Critical Apparatus117a moitie, or a fourth part, it comes more acceptedly, then 118if you gave 'hem a new-yeares gift.

Critical Apparatus119

Sog. I perceiue you, sir: I will take vp, and bring my 120selfe in credit sure.

Critical Apparatus121

Car. Mary this, alwaies beware you commerce not with pg 448Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus122bankrupts, or poore needie Ludgathians: they are impudent 123creatures, turbulent spirits, they care not what violent 124tragedies they stirre, nor how they play fast and loose with Critical Apparatus125a poore gentlemans fortunes, to get their owne. Mary, these 126rich fellowes (that ha' the world, or the better part of it, 127sleeping in their counting-houses) they are ten times more Critical Apparatus128placable, they; either feare, hope, or modestie, restraines 129them from offering any outrages: but this is nothing to 130your followers, you shall not run a penny more in arrerage Critical Apparatus131for them, and you list your selfe.

Editor’s Note132

Sog. No? how should I keepe 'hem then?

Critical Apparatus133

Car. Keepe 'hem? Sbloud let them keepe themselues, 134they are no sheepe, are they? What? you shall come in Critical Apparatus135houses, where plate, apparrell, iewels, and diuers other Critical Apparatus136pretie commodities lye negligently scattered, and I would Editor’s Note137ha' those Mercuries follow me (I trow) should remember 138they had not their fingers for nothing.

Critical Apparatus139

Sog. That's not so good, me thinkes.

Critical Apparatus140

Car. Why, after you haue kept 'hem a fortnight, or so, 141and shew'd 'hem ynough to the world, you may turne 'hem Critical Apparatus142away, and keepe no more but a boy, it's ynough.

Critical Apparatus143

Sog. Nay, my humour is not for boyes, Ile keepe men, Critical Apparatus144and I keepe any; and Ile giue coats, that's my humour: Editor’s Note145but I lacke a cullisen.

146

Car. Why, now you ride to the citie, you may buy one, 147Ile bring you where you shall ha' your choise for money.

Critical Apparatus148

Sog. Can you, sir?

Critical Apparatus149

Car. O, I: you shall haue one take measure of you, Critical Apparatus150and make you a Coat of armes, to fit you of what fashion 151you will.

pg 449 Critical Apparatus152

Sog. By word of mouth, I thanke you, Signior; Ile be Critical Apparatus153once a little prodigall in a humour, i'faith, and haue a most 154prodigious coat.

Critical Apparatus155

Maci. Torment and death! breake head and braine at once,

156To be deliuer'd of your fighting issue.

157Who can endure to see blinde Fortune dote thus?

158To be enamour'd on this dustie turfe?

Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus159This clod? a whorson puck-fist? O god, god, god, god, &c.

Critical Apparatus160I could runne wild with griefe now, to behold

161The ranknesse of her bounties, that doth breed

Editor’s Note162Such bull-rushes; these mushrompe gentlemen,

Critical Apparatus163That shoot vp in a night to place, and worship.

164

Car. Let him alone, some stray, some stray.

Critical Apparatus165

Sog. Nay, I will examine him before I goe, sure.

Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus166

Car. The Lord of the soile ha's al wefts, and straies 167here? ha's he not?

Critical Apparatus168

Sog. Yes, sir.

Critical Apparatus169

Car. Faith, then I pitty the poore fellow, he's falne into 170a fooles hands.

171

Sog. Sirrah, who gaue you commission to lye in my 172lordship?

173

Maci. Your lordship?

Critical Apparatus174

Sog. How? my lordship? doe you know me, sir?

Critical Apparatus175

Maci. I doe know you, sir.

Critical Apparatus176

Car. S'heart, he answeres him like an eccho.

Critical Apparatus177

Sog. Why, who am I, Sir?

Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus178

Maci. One of those that fortune fauours.

179

Car. The Periphrasis of a foole; Ile obserue this better.

Critical Apparatus180

Sog. That fortune fauours? how meane you that,

181friend?

pg 450 Critical Apparatus182

Maci. I meane simply. That you are one that liues 183not by your wits.

Editor’s Note184

Sog. By my wits? No sir, I scorne to liue by my wits, Critical Apparatus185I. I haue better meanes, I tell thee, then to take such base Critical Apparatus186courses, as to liue by my wits. Sbloud, doest thou thinke 187I liue by my wits?

Critical Apparatus188

Maci. Me thinkes, Iester, you should not relish this 189well.

190

Car. Ha? does he know me?

191

Maci. Though yours bee the worst vse a man can put Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus192his wit to, of thousands, to prostitute it at euery tauerne 193and ordinarie; yet (mee thinkes) you should haue turn'd 194your broad side at this, and haue beene readie with an Critical Apparatus195Apologie, able to sinke this hulke of ignorance into the 196bottome, and depth of his contempt.

Critical Apparatus197

Car. Sbloud 'tis Macilente! Signior, you are Critical Apparatus198well encountred, how is't? O, we must not regard what hee Editor’s Note199saies man, a trout, a shallow foole, he ha's no more braine 200then a butter-flie, a meere stuft suit, he looks like a mustie 201bottle, new wickerd, his head's the corke, light, light. I am Critical Apparatus202glad to see you so well return'd, Signior.

Critical Apparatus203

Maci. You are? Gramercie, good Ianvs.

204

Sog. Is he one of your acquaintance? I loue him the 205better for that.

206

Car. Gods precious, come away man, what doe you Critical Apparatus207meane? and you knew him as I doe, you'ld shun him, as 208you'ld doe the plague?

Critical Apparatus209

Sog. Why, sir?

Editor’s Note210

Car. O, hee's a black fellow, take heed on him.

Critical Apparatus211

Sog. Is he a Scholler, or a Souldier?

212

Car. Both, both; a leane mungrell, he lookes as if he pg 451Critical Apparatus213were chap-falne, with barking at other mens good fortunes: 214'ware how you offend him, he carries oile and fire in his pen, Critical Apparatus215will scald where it drops: his spirit's like powder, quick, Critical Apparatus216violent: hee'le blow a man vp with a jest: I feare him Critical Apparatus217worse then a rotten wall do's the cannon, shake an houre Critical Apparatus218after, at the report. Away, come not neere him.

Critical Apparatus219

Sog. For Gods sake let's be gone, and he be a Scholler, Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus220you know I cannot abide him, I had as leeue see a Cocka-221trice, specially as cockatrices goe now.

Critical Apparatus222

Car. What, you'le stay, signior? this gentleman Critical Apparatus223Sogliardo, and I, are to visit the knight Pvntar-Critical Apparatus224volo, and from thence to the citie, wee shall meet there.

225

Maci. I, when I cannot shun you, we will meet.

Critical Apparatus226'Tis strange! of all the creatures I haue seene,

Editor’s Note227I enuie not this Bvffon, for indeede

Critical Apparatus228Neither his fortunes, nor his parts deserue it:

Critical Apparatus229But I doe hate him, as I hate the deuill,

230Or that brasse-visag'd monster Barbarisme.

231O, 'tis an open-throated, black-mouth'd curre,

Critical Apparatus232That bites at all, but eates on those that feed him.

233A slaue, that to your face will (serpent-like)

234Creepe on the ground, as he would eate the dust;

Critical Apparatus235And to your backe will turne the taile, and sting

Critical Apparatus236More deadly then a scorpion: Stay, who's this?

Critical Apparatus237Now for my soule, another minion

238Of the old lady Chance's: I'le obserue him.

Notes Settings

Notes

Critical Apparatus
1 Nay,] Nay F2: Sog. Nay Qq
you,] you Qq
now!] now; Qq 1, 2: now: Q3
Critical Apparatus
3 Gentleman, corr. F1: gentleman Qq 1, 2: Gentleman Q3, F1, F2
whatsoeuer] whatsoever Q1
Critical Apparatus
4 Car. … resolution. ] Missing in some copies of F1, in which these words should end page 90.
Critical Apparatus
1. ii. 5 humour] humor Qq 2, 3
Critical Apparatus
6 name,] name Qq
Editor’s Note
i. ii. 6. like your taylors needle, I goe through. Contrast C is A. ii. iii. 15–16:
  • What true stich sister? both your sides alike?
  • Be of a sleighter worke.
for my name. Gifford pointed out that Carlo's lessons in the art of becoming a gentleman are chiefly derived from the chapter in Erasmus's Colloquies entitled ΄Ιππεὺς ἅνιπποςsive Ementita Nobilitas; and that Dekker in The Guls Home-book expanded several of Jonson's points. See Erasmus, Omnia Opera, 1540, i, p. 709: 'N. Restat cognomen. Hie illud in primis cauendum, ne plebeio more te patiaris uocari Harpalum Comensem: sed Harpalum à Como: hoc enim nobilium est.'
Critical Apparatus
12 excellent! tut,] excellent: tut Qq
Critical Apparatus
15 Why,] Why Qq
Editor’s Note
17. a Constable for your wit. Proverbial: cf. Dekker, The Guls Hornbooke, 1609, p. 2, 'all that are chosen Cunstables for their wit go not to heauen'; Middleton, A Mad World, v. ii (1608, H3), 'This is some new player now, they put all their fooles to the Constables part still'; and the title of Glapthorne's play, Wit in A Constable, 1640.
Critical Apparatus
22 obserue] observe Q1: obserne Q3
humours] humors Qq
Editor’s Note
22. complements, accomplishments, as in C.R. iv. iii. 8. Branded by Jonson in Disc. 2275 as one of 'the perfumed termes of the time'.
Critical Apparatus
24 it,] it Qq
Signior Qq 2, 3, corr. F1, F2: signior Q1, F1
Critical Apparatus
26 make] maks F2
Critical Apparatus
28 me, Ff: me Q1: mee Qq 2, 3
Critical Apparatus
29 pay you,] pay you Qq
Critical Apparatus
30 thanke you,] thanke you Qq 1. 2
Critical Apparatus
32 Sbloud] Why F2, F3
hine] Hind Qq
this,] this Qq
Editor’s Note
32. hine = 'hind'. See T. of T. ii. ii. 50.
Critical Apparatus
1. ii. 35 entrailes] intrailes F2
Critical Apparatus
37 gentleman, that] Gentleman; that Q3
Editor’s Note
38. giue o're house-keeping in the countrey. From Erasmus (Opera, 1540, i, p. 709): 'Primum fac procul te abducas à patria. Ha. Memini. Ne. Ingere te in conuictum iuuenum vere nobilium—' skilfully adapted to the economic facts of Jonson's time. The decay of country houses and the rush to town was the theme of the reformer and the satirist: see Shakespeare's England, i, pp. 33–5.
Critical Apparatus
40 apparance] appearance F2
Critical Apparatus
42 apparel (you] apparell; you Qq 1, 2: apparell, you Q3
Critical Apparatus
43 coniurer)] Coniurer: Qq
sure,] sure Qq
Editor’s Note
44. least popular, like Bobadill (E.M.I, i. v. 37).
Critical Apparatus
45 carriage, Ff: carriage Q1: cariage Qq 2, 3
behauiour] behauior Qq 1, 2
all; corr. F1, F2: all: Qq, F1
Critical Apparatus
46 lose] loose Qq
Editor’s Note
46. Primero, a card-game of Spanish origin, so called because it was won by the holder of the 'prime', a sequence of the best cards (Ep. cxii. 22). Each player had four cards. The best hand for 'prime' was the ace, counting sixteen, and the seven, six, and five, which were trebled, making a total of 54; but this could be beaten by the 'flush', four cards of one colour. The combination was a record hand (Alch. i. ii. 47). The game is elaborately described in Harington's Epigrams, 1618, ii, ep. 99, 'The Story of Marcus Life at Primero'.
Passage. Gifford quoted Cotton, The Compleat Gamester, 1680, p. 119: 'Passage is a Game at dice to be play'd at but by two, and it is performed with three Dice. The Caster throws continually till he hath thrown Dubblets under ten, and then he is out and loseth, or dubblets above ten, and then he passeth and wins.'
Critical Apparatus
47 peculiar] peeuliar Q1
Critical Apparatus
48 all,] all; Q2
Critical Apparatus
49 true om. Qq 2, 3
Critical Apparatus
50 cast)] cast:) Qq
Editor’s Note
50. with a safe conscience. Cf. E.M.I. iv. ii. 30.
Critical Apparatus
52 choose] chuse Qq, F2
Critical Apparatus
55 endeuour] endevour Q1
Editor’s Note
56. picke your teeth. Amorphus gives similar advice in C.R. iii. i. 24–5. Cf. Fletcher, The Wild-Goose, 1652, i. ii: 'Italie for my money, … | The very pick-teeth speak more man than we do, | And season of more salt'; Earle, Micro-cosmographie, 1628, 19, 'A Gallant', 'His Pick-tooth beares a great part in his discourse'.
Editor’s Note
58. ruffleboot. Cf. Earle, ib., 'Hee has learnt to ruffle his face from his boote'; Cartwright, The Ordinary, i. ii (1651, p. 8):

Sli. Your playster'd face doth drop against moist weather.

Sha. Fie, how you writh it; now it looks just like

A ruffled boot.

For the fashion in boots compare T. M., The Ant, and the Nightingale, 1604, C4: 'I beheld a curious payre of Bootes of King Philips leather, in such artificiall wrinckles, sets and pleats, as if they had been starcht lately, and came new from the Laundresses.'
Critical Apparatus
59 boot;] boot, Qq 1, 2, F2
Critical Apparatus
60 iests] jests Q1
laugh. That's] laugh; that's Qq
Critical Apparatus
1. ii. 63 flout] floult Q2
Editor’s Note
63. sit o' the stage. Cf. ii. vi. 52–3; C.R. Ind. 144–6; D. is A. i. vi. 31–8.
Critical Apparatus
65 O,] O Qq
that,] that Qq
Critical Apparatus
66 kinred,] kinred Q1: kindred Qq 2, 3, F2, F3
Editor’s Note
66. kinred. 'Kindred' first became common in the seventeenth century; the 1640 Folio so spells it.
Critical Apparatus
68 I haue] Il haue Q2: Il'haue Q3
kinred Q1, F1: kindred Qq 2, 3, F2, F3
Critical Apparatus
69 marchants F1: merchants Q1: Merchants Qq 2, 3, F2, F3
Critical Apparatus
71 O,] O Qq
Courtiers] Courtiours Q1
Editor’s Note
73. a great chain, the steward's badge of office. Whalley quotes Middleton, A Mad World, ii. i (1608, B4), 'Sir Bonn. Run sirrah, cal in my chief gentleman i'th' chaine of gold, expedite'. Cf. Love's Cure, i. ii (Beaumont and Fletcher Folio, 1647, p. 127), 'how dos't thou think I shall become the Stewards chaire ha? will not these slender hanches show well with a chaine, and a gold night-Cap after supper when I take the accompts?' and Alch. ii. iii. 329–30.
Jonson adapts Erasmus (Opera, i. 709), 'Iam quo firmior sit hominum opinio, fingito literas à magnatibus ad te missas, in quibus identidem appelleris eques clarissimus, magnarumque rerum fiat mentio. … Curabis ut huiusmodi literæ tibi uelut elapsæ, aut per obliuionem relictæ ueniant ad aliorum manus.'
Critical Apparatus
74 copper] copper, F2
Critical Apparatus
76 noble] nobly F2, F3
Critical Apparatus
77 Sogliardo,] Sogliardo; Qq
Critical Apparatus
79 enquiry] enquire Q3
Editor’s Note
80. breakes it up, opens, by breaking the seal. Cf. Lodge, The Wounds of Ciuill War, ii. iii (1594, D), 'Lectorius read, and breake these letters vp'.
Critical Apparatus
81 iest] jeast Q1
Critical Apparatus
83 offence,] offence Qq
Mistris] mistresse Qq 1, 2: Mistresse Q3: Mistresses F2, F3
breath'd] breat'd Q3
Editor’s Note
83–4. breath'd vpon her picture. Cf. Sir John Davies, Epigram 38, 3–4, 'the seller Of painting which with breathing will be thawd'.
Critical Apparatus
85 aduance] enforce Qq
Critical Apparatus
86 humour] humor Qq 1, 2: Humor Q3
Critical Apparatus
87 accepted;] accepted: Qq
humour] humor Qq
Critical Apparatus
88 this.] this, Qq, F2
Editor’s Note
88 foll. From Erasmus, op. cit., 'Interdum insue uesti, aut relinque in crumena, ut quibus sarciendi negocium dederis illic reperiant. Illi non silebunt, & tu simulac resciueris, compones uultum ad iracundiam ac mœsticiam, quasi doleat casus.'
Critical Apparatus
90 letter,] letter Qq
of] off Q3
Critical Apparatus
1. ii. 92 am,] am Qq
it,] it: Qq 1, 2
Critical Apparatus
100 liueries,] Liueries Qq
Critical Apparatus
103 By'r] Byr Qq 1, 2: Bir Q3
Ladie,] Ladie Qq 1, 3: Lady Q2
Critical Apparatus
110 O!] O, Qq
Editor’s Note
110 foll. From Erasmus (l.e., p. 710): 'Iam ut ludas creditores, mille sunt artes. Ha. Earum quidem rudis non sum. Sed tandem urgebunt, ubi perspexerint nihil esse nisi uerba. Ne. Imò nulla est commodior ad regnum uia, quam debere quam plurimis. Ha. Quî sic? Ne. Primum creditor obseruat te non aliter quàm obligatus magno beneficio, uereturque ne quam præbeat ansam amittendæ pecuniae. Seruos nemo magis habet obnoxios, quàm debitor suos creditores, quibus si quid aliquando reddas, gratius est quàm si dono dones. Ha. Animaduerti. Ne. Illud tamen caueto, ne cum tenuibus habeas commercium. Nam hi ob paruam summulam ingentes excitant tragœdias. Placabiliores sunt, quibus lautior est fortuna, cohibet illos pudor, lactat spes, deterret metus, norunt quid possint equites.' This passage was also copied by Rabelais, Œuvres, ed. Marty-Laveaux, 1868, iii. iii, who, like Jonson, took the idea from Erasmus.
Critical Apparatus
111 obserues] observes Q1
Critical Apparatus
112, 115, 117 then] than Qq 1, 2, F2
bound] bouud Q3
Critical Apparatus
113 lest] least Qq
Critical Apparatus
114 loose] lose F2
money.] money: Qq 1, 2
Critical Apparatus
115 seruant] servant Q1
Critical Apparatus
116 creditors] creditours F2
if (at] (if at Qq, Ff
Critical Apparatus
117 moitie,] moiety Qq 1, 2: moietie Q3
acceptedly] acceptably F3
Critical Apparatus
119 you, sir:] you sir, Qq
vp] up Q1
Critical Apparatus
121 this,] this; Qq 1, 2
Critical Apparatus
1. ii. 122 bankrupts] Bankroutes Q3
Editor’s Note
122. Ludgathians, bankrupts committed to the debtor's prison at Ludgate, and summarily calling in the money due to them. Dekker uses the term in The Seuen deadly Sinnes of London, 1606, p. 2, ch. i, 'Politick Bankruptisme'; and Sharpham in Cupids Whirligig, 1607, E3, 'I am none of these Ludgations that beg for fourescore and ten poore men: my suite is only for my selfe'.
Critical Apparatus
125 fortunes,] fortunes Qq
owne. Mary,] owne: marry, Qq
Critical Apparatus
128 placable] peacable Q3
they;] they: Qq
feare,] feare F2
Critical Apparatus
131 and] an' F2, F3
Editor’s Note
132 foll. From Erasmus, op. cit., 'At famuli sunt alendi. Ne. Sunt: at non ales famulos ἀχείρους‎, & ob id ἀχείρους‎. Mittantur hue & illuc: inuenient aliquid. Scis uarias esse talium rerum occasiones. … Ergo famulos ale non segnes, aut etiam sanguine propinquos, qui alioqui forent alendi. … Reperient aliquid in diuersorijs, aut in ædibus, aut in nauibus incustoditum. Tenes? Meminerint non frustra datos homini digitos.' A broken-down gallant in Measure for Measure, iv. iii. 13, is named 'Master Starve-lackey'.
Critical Apparatus
133 Sbloud om. F2, F3
themselues] themselves Q1
Critical Apparatus
135 diuers] diverse Q1
Critical Apparatus
136 negligently] necligently Q3
Editor’s Note
137. Mercuries. Mercury, the messenger god, was also god of thieves.
Critical Apparatus
139 good,] good Qq
Critical Apparatus
140, 146 Why,] Why Qq
haue] have Q1
kept' hem] kept them Q3
fortnight,] fornight Q1: fortnight Qq 2, 3
Critical Apparatus
142 ynough] yenough Q3
Critical Apparatus
143 Nay,] Nay Qq
humour] humor Qq
Critical Apparatus
144 that's] rhat's Q3
humour] humor Qq 2, 3
Editor’s Note
145. cullisen. Cf. C. is A. iv. ix. 39.
Critical Apparatus
148 you,] you Qq, F2
Critical Apparatus
149 O,] O Qq
Critical Apparatus
150 and] an' F2
armes,] armes Qq
Critical Apparatus
1. ii. 152 mouth,] mouth Qq
you,] you Qq
Critical Apparatus
153 humour, i'faith] Humor in faith Qq
Critical Apparatus
155 death!] death, Qq
once,] once Qq 1, 2
Critical Apparatus
159 god, … god, ] God, … God, Qq
Editor’s Note
159. puck-fist. Literally, the puff-ball fungus (cf. Poet. iv. vii. 21); hence an empty boaster (ib. v. iii. 37; Alch. i . ii. 63). Cf. also N.I. iii. i. 151.
Critical Apparatus
160 now,] now Qq
Editor’s Note
162. mushrompe gentlemen. Cunningham quotes Marlowe, Edward II, i. iv (1594, CIv):
  •                a night growne mushrump.
  • Such a one as my Lord of Cornewall is.
Jonson spells 'mushrome' in S.W. ii. iv. 153, Cat. ii. 136, M.L. iii. vi.70. Cf. Plautus, Trinummus, 1851, 'Pol hicquidem fungino genere est'.
Critical Apparatus
163 place,] place Qq
Critical Apparatus
165 Nay,] Nay Qq
goe,] goe Qq
Critical Apparatus
166 wefts,] wefts Qq
Editor’s Note
166. wefts, waifs. 'Weft' is a spelling of 'waift', which is apparently 'waif' with a parasitic t. Spenser has 'waift' once (F.Q. iv. xii. 31), and 'weft' several times, and the latter is frequent in collocation with 'stray'. Cf. Fletcher and Massinger, The Elder Brother, iv. iv (1637, H3), 'you are Lord o' the soyle Sir, | Lilly is a Weft, a Stray, shee's yours, to use Sir'.
Critical Apparatus
168 Yes,] Yes Qq, F2
Critical Apparatus
169 Faith,] Faith Qq, F2
Critical Apparatus
174 me,] me Qq
Critical Apparatus
175 you,] you Qq
Critical Apparatus
176 S'heart, om. F2, F3
Critical Apparatus
177 I,] I Qq
Critical Apparatus
178, 180 fauours] fauors Qq
Editor’s Note
178. those that fortune fauours. Alluding to the proverb Fortuna f avet fatuis, also quoted in the prologue to The Alchemist. Professor Skeat connected the proverb with the old 'Audentes fortuna iuvat' (Virgil, Aen. x. 284), 'fortis fortuna adiuvat' (Terence, Phormio, 203) by suggesting an extension of 'favours the hardy' to 'favours the fool-hardy'. Cf. Chaucer, Troilus, iv. 600–1:
  • Thenk ek Fortune, as wel thy-selven wost,
  • Helpeth an hardy man to his emprise.
Critical Apparatus
180 that,] that Qq
Critical Apparatus
1. ii. 182 simply.] simply; Qq
Editor’s Note
184. scorne to liue by my wits. Cf. S.W. ii. iii. 112–16.
Critical Apparatus
185 I. I] I; I Qq
meanes,] meanes Qq
then] than Qq, F2 (So in 200, 217)
Critical Apparatus
186 Sbloud, F1: Sbloud Qq 1, 2: Sblood Q3: What F2, F3
Critical Apparatus
188 thinkes,] thinkes Qq
Critical Apparatus
192 to,] too Qq
Editor’s Note
192. at euery tauerne. Hence the point of Dekker's fling at Jonson in Satiromastix, 1602, M1v: 'In brieflynes, when you Sup in Tauernes, amongst your betters, you shall sweare not to dip your Manners in too much sawce, nor at Table to fling Epigrams, Embleames, or Playspeeches about you (lyke Hayle-stones) to keepe you out of the terrible daunger of the Shot, vpon payne to sit at the vpper end of the Table, a'th left hand of Carlo Buffon.'
Critical Apparatus
195 hulke] bulk F3
Critical Apparatus
197 Sbloud Q1, F1: Sboud Q2: Sblood Q3: Oh F2, F3
Macilente!] Macilente: Qq
Critical Apparatus
198 O,] O Qq
Editor’s Note
199. a trout. Cf. Tw. Night, ii. v. 19, 20 (of Malvolio), 'heere comes the Trowte, that must be caught with tickling'.
Critical Apparatus
202 return'd,] return'd Qq
Critical Apparatus
203 Gramercie,] Gramercie Qq
Critical Apparatus
207 and] an' F2
Critical Apparatus
209 Why,] Why Qq
Editor’s Note
210. a blacke fellow. From Horace, Sat. i. iv. 85, 'hie niger est, hunc tu, Romane, caveto'.
Critical Apparatus
211 Scholler,] Scholler Qq
Critical Apparatus
1. ii. 213 chap-falne, F1: chap-falne Qq: chop-falne, F2: Chopfal'n, F3
Critical Apparatus
215 drops:] drops, Qq
Critical Apparatus
216 jest] iest Qq 2, 3
Critical Apparatus
217 houre after,] hower after Qq
Critical Apparatus
218 report. Away] report: away Qq
Critical Apparatus
219 and] an' F2
Critical Apparatus
220 him,] him. F2
Editor’s Note
220. Cockatrice, or basilisk, a fabled reptile hatched by a serpent from a cock's egg, and reputed to kill by its mere glance. Cf. Poet., prol. 36–7, Volp. v. viii. 27, N.I. i. v. 48, and Pliny's Naturall Historie (Holland's translation, 1601, p. 356), xxix. iv: 'To come now unto the Basiliske, whom all other serpents doe flie from and are afraid of: … he killeth them with his very breath and smell that passeth from him; yea, and (by report) if he do but set his eye on a man, it is enough to take away his life.' Wyclif rendered Psalm xci. 13 (1382) 'Vpon the eddere and the kokatrice shalt thou go', where the Vulgate is super basiliscum and the LXX ὲπὶ βασιλίσκον‎. Hence, applied to persons in the sense of monster; and especially to a prostitute. Cf. Poet. iv. vii. 6, Alch. v. iii. 34, Ep. xii. 21.
Critical Apparatus
222 stay,] stay Qq
Critical Apparatus
223 Sogliardo, and I,] Sogliardo and I Qq
Pvntarvolo] Puntarvolo Q1
Critical Apparatus
224 Exeunt Car. and Sog. add Qq
Critical Apparatus
226 strange!] strange: Qq
Editor’s Note
227. Búffon. The old accent: cf. E.M.I. ii. v. 8.
Critical Apparatus
228 fortunes,] fortunes Qq, F2
it:] it; Qq
Critical Apparatus
229 him,] him Qq
Critical Apparatus
232 on] not F3
him.] him, Qq 1, 2: him: Q3
Critical Apparatus
235 taile,] taile Qq
Critical Apparatus
236 then] than Qq, F2
Critical Apparatus
237 soule,] soule F2
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