Jonquil Bevan (ed.), Izaak Walton: The Compleat Angler 1653–1676

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pg 102CHAP. IV.

2And having told you these Observations concerning Trouts, I 3shall next tell you how to catch them: which is usually with a Link 4Worm, or a Minnow (which some call a Penke); or with a Flie, 5either a natural or an artificial Flie: Concerning which three I 6wil give you some Observations and Directions.

7For Worms, there be very many sorts; some bred onely in 8the earth, as the earthworm; others amongst or of plants, as the Link 9dugworm; and others in the bodies of living creatures; or some 10of dead flesh, as the Magot or Gentle, and others.

11Now these be most of them particularly good for particular Link 12fishes: but for the Trout the dew-worm, (which some also cal the Link 13Lob-worm) and the Brandling are the chief; and especially the 14first for a great Trout, and the later for a lesse. There be also of Link 15lob-worms, some called squirel = tails (a worm which has a red 16head, a streak down the back, and a broad tail) which are Critical Apparatus Link 17noted to be the best, because they are the toughest, and most 18lively, and live longest in the water: for you are to know, that a 19dead worm is but a dead bait, and like to catch nothing, 20compared to a lively, quick, stirring worm: And for a Link 21Brandling, hee is usually found in an old dunghil, or some very 22rotten place neer to it; but most usually in cow dung, or hogs 23dung, rather then horse dung, which is somewhat too hot and 24dry for that worm.

25There are also divers other kindes of worms, which for colour 26and shape alter even as the ground out of which they are got: Link 27as the marsh-worm, the tag-tail, the flag-worm, the dock-worm, the Link 28oake-worm, the gilt-tail, and too many to name, even as many 29sorts, as some think there be of severall kinds of birds in the air: 30of which I shall say no more, but tell you, that what worms 31soever you fish with, are the better for being long kept before 32they be used; and in case you have not been so provident, then 33the way to cleanse and scoure them quickly, is to put them all 34night in water, if they be Lob-worms, and then put them into 35your bag with fennel: but you must not put your Brandling pg 1031above an hour in water, and then put them into fennel for 2sudden use: but if you have time, and purpose to keep them 3long, then they be best preserved in an earthen pot with good 4store of mosse, which is to be fresh every week or eight dayes; or 5at least taken from them, and clean wash'd, and wrung betwixt 6your hands till it be dry, and then put it to them again: And for 7Moss, you are to note, that there be divers kindes of it, which I 8could name to you, but wil onely tel you, that that which is Link 9likest a Bucks horn is the best; except it be white Moss, which 10grows on some heaths, and is hard to be found.

11For the Minnow or Penke, he is easily found and caught in 12April, for then hee appears in the Rivers: but Nature hath 13taught him to shelter and hide himself in the Winter in ditches 14that be neer to the River, and there both to hide and keep 15himself warm in the weeds, which rot not so soon as in a 16running River; in which place if hee were in Winter, the 17distempered Floods that are usually in that season, would 18suffer him to have no rest, but carry him headlong to Mils and 19Weires to his confusion. And of these Minnows, first you are to 20know, that the biggest size is not the best; and next, that the 21middle size and the whitest are the best: and then you are to 22know, that I cannot well teach in words, but must shew you 23how to put it on your hook, that it may turn the better: And 24you are also to know, that it is impossible it should turn too 25quick: And you are yet to know, that in case you want a 26Minnow, then a small Loch, or a Sticklebag, or any other small 27Fish will serve as wel: And you are yet to know, that you may 28salt, and by that means keep them fit for use three or four dayes 29or longer; and that of salt, bay salt is the best.

30Now for Flies, which is the third bait wherewith Trouts are Link 31usually taken. You are to know, that there are as many sorts of 32Flies as there be of Fruits: I will name you but some of them: as Link 33the dun flie, the stone flie, the red flie, the moor flie, the tawny flie, the 34shel flie, the cloudy or blackish flie: there be of Flies, Caterpillars, Critical Apparatus Link 35and Canker flies, and Bear flies; and indeed, too many either for 36mee to name, or for you to remember: and their breeding is so Link 37various and wonderful, that I might easily amaze my self, and 38tire you in a relation of them.

39And yet I wil exercise your promised patience by saying a pg 1041little of the Caterpillar, or the Palmer flie or worm; that by them 2you may guess what a work it were in a Discourse but to run 3over those very many flies, worms, and little living creatures 4with which the Sun and Summer adorn and beautifie the river 5banks and meadows; both for the recreation and contem-6plation of the Angler: and which (I think) I my self enjoy more 7then any other man that is not of my profession.

8Pliny holds an opinion, that many have their birth or being 9from a dew that in the Spring falls upon the leaves of trees; and 10that some kinds of them are from a dew left upon herbs or 11flowers: and others from a dew left upon Colworts or 12Cabbages: All which kindes of dews being thickened and 13condensed, are by the Suns generative heat most of them 14hatch'd, and in three dayes made living creatures, and of 15several shapes and colours; some being hard and tough, some 16smooth and soft; some are horned in their head, some in their 17tail, some have none; some have hair, some none; some have 18sixteen feet, some less, and some have none: but (as our Topsel 19hath with great diligence observed)a those which have none, 20move upon the earth, or upon broad leaves, their motion being 21not unlike to the waves of the sea. Some of them hee also 22observes to be bred of the eggs of other Caterpillers: and that 23those in their time turn to be Butter-flies; and again, that their 24eggs turn the following yeer to be Caterpillers.

25'Tis endlesse to tell you what the curious Searchers into 26Natures productions, have observed of these Worms and Flies: 27But yet I shall tell you what our Topsel sayes of the Canker, or 28Palmer-worm, or Caterpiller; That whereas others content 29themselves to feed on particular herbs or leaves (for most think, 30those very leaves that gave them life and shape, gives them a 31particular feeding and nourishment, and that upon them they 32usually abide); yet he observes, that this is called a Pilgrim or 33Palmer-worm, for his very wandering life and various food; not 34contenting himself (as others do) with any certain place for his 35abode, nor any certain kinde of herb or flower for his feeding; 36but will boldly and disorderly wander up and down, and not 37endure to be kept to a diet, or fixt to a particular place.

38Nay, the very colours of Caterpillers are, as one has observed, pg 1051very elegant and beautiful: I shal (for a taste of the rest) 2describe one of them, which I will sometime the next month, 3shew you feeding on a Willow tree, and you shal find him 4punctually to answer this very description: His lips and mouth 5somewhat yellow, his eyes black as Jet, his fore-head purple, his feet and 6hinder parts green, his tail two forked and black, the whole body stain'd 7with a kind of red spots which run along the neck and shoulder-blades, 8not unlike the form of a Cross, or the letter X, made thus cross-wise, and 9a white line drawn down his back to his tail; all which add much beauty 10to his whole body. And it is to me observable, that at a fix'd age 11this Caterpiller gives over to eat, and towards winter comes to be Critical Apparatus Link 12covered over with a strange shell or crust, and so lives a kind of 13dead life, without eating all the winter, and (as others of 14several kinds turn to be several kinds of flies and vermin, the 15Spring following) so this Caterpiller then turns to be a painted 16Butterflye.a

17Come, come my Scholer, you see the River stops our 18morning walk, and I wil also here stop my discourse, only as we 19sit down under this Honey-Suckle hedge, whilst I look a Line 20to fit the Rod that our brother Peter has lent you, I shall for a 21little confirmation of what I have said, repeat the observation 22of the Lord Bartas.

  • 23God not contented to each kind to give,
  • 24And to infuse the vertue generative,
  • 25By his wise power made many creatures breed
  • 26Of liveless bodies, without Venus deed.
  • 27  So the cold humour breeds the Salamander,
  • 28Who (in effect) like to her births commander,
  • Critical Apparatus29With child with hundred winters, with her touch
  • 30Quencheth the fire, though glowing ne'r so much
  • 31  So in the fire in burning furnace springs
  • 32The Fly Perausta with the flaming wings;
  • 33Without the fire it dies, in it, it joyes,
  • 34Living in that which all things else destroyes.
  • pg 1061  So slow Boötes underneath him sees
  • 2In th'icie Islands Goslings hatcht of trees,
  • 3Whose fruitful leaves falling into the water,
  • 4Are turn'd ('tis known) to living fowls soon aftera
  • 5  So rotten planks of broken ships, do change
  • 6To Barnacles. Oh transformation strange!
  • 7'Twas first a green tree, then a broken hull,
  • 8Lately a Mushroom, now a flying Gull.
9

Vi. Oh my good Master, this morning walk has been spent 10to my great pleasure and wonder: but I pray, when shall I have 11your direction how to make Artificial flyes, like to those that 12the Trout loves best? and also how to use them?

13

Pisc. My honest Scholer, it is now past five of the Clock, we Link 14will fish til nine, and then go to Breakfast: Go you to yonder 15Sycamore tree, and hide your bottle of drink under the hollow 16root of it; for about that time, and in that place, we wil make a Link 17brave Breakfast with a piece of powdered Bief, and a Radish or 18two that I have in my Fish-bag; we shall, I warrant you, make Link 19a good honest, wholsome, hungry Breakfast, and I will give you 20direction for the making and using of your fly: and in the mean 21time, there is your Rod and line; and my advice is, that you 22fish as you see mee do, and lets try which can catch the first 23fish.

24

Viat. I thank you, Master, I will observe and practice your 25direction as far as I am able.

26

Pisc. Look you Scholer, you see I have hold of a good fish: I 27now see it is a Trout; I pray put that net under him, and touch 28not my line, for if you do, then wee break all. Well done, 29Scholer, I thank you. Now for an other. Trust me, I have 30another bite: Come Scholer, come lay down your Rod, and Link 31help me to land this as you did the other. So, now we shall be 32sure to have a good dish of fish for supper.

33

Viat. I am glad of that, but I have no fortune; sure Master Link 34yours is a better Rod, and better Tackling.

35

Pisc. Nay then, take mine and I will fish with yours. Look 36you, Scholer, I have another: come, do as you did before. And Link 37now I have a bite at another. Oh me he has broke all, there's 38half a line and a good hook lost.

pg 1071

Viat. Master, I can neither catch with the first nor second 2Angle; I have no fortune.

3

Pisc. Look you, Scholer, I have yet another: and now 4having caught three brace of Trouts, I will tel you a short Tale 5as we walk towards our Breakfast. A Scholer (a Preacher I 6should say) that was to preach to procure the approbation of a 7Parish, that he might be their Lecturer, had got from a fellow Link 8Pupil of his the Copy of a Sermon that was first preached with 9a great commendation by him that composed and precht it; 10and though the borrower of it preach't it word for word, as it 11was at first, yet it was utterly dislik'd as it was preach'd by the Link 12second; which the Sermon Borrower complained of to the 13Lender of it, and was thus answered; I lent you indeed my Link 14Fiddle, but not my Fiddlestick; and you are to know, that every 15one cannot make musick with my words which are fitted for my 16own mouth. And so my Scholer, you are to know, that as the ill Link 17pronunciation or ill accenting of a word in a Sermon spoiles it, Link 18so the ill carriage of your Line, or not fishing even to a foot in a 19right place, makes you lose your labour: and you are to know, 20that though you have my Fiddle, that is, my very Rod and 21Tacklings with which you see I catch fish, yet you have not my 22Fiddle stick, that is, skill to know how to carry your hand and 23line; and this must be taught you (for you are to remember I 24told you Angling is an Art) either by practice, or a long 25observation, or both.

26But now lets say Grace, and fall to Breakfast; what say you 27Scholer, to the providence of an old Angler? Does not this meat 28taste well? and was not this place well chosen to eat it? for this 29Sycamore tree will shade us from the Suns heat.

30

Viat. All excellent good, Master, and my stomack excellent 31too; I have been at many costly Dinners that have not afforded 32me half this content: and now good Master, to your promised 33direction for making and ordering my Artificiall flye.

34

Pisc. My honest Scholer, I will do it, for it is a debt due unto 35you, by my promise: and because you shall not think your self 36more engaged to me then indeed you really are, therefore I will 37tell you freely, I find Mr. Thomas Barker (a Gentleman that has Link 38spent much time and money in Angling) deal so judicially and 39freely in a little book of his of Angling, and especially of 40making and Angling with a flye for a Trout, that I will give you pg 1081his very directions without much variation, which shal follow.

2Let your rod be light, and very gentle, I think the best are of Critical Apparatus Link 3two pieces; the line should not exceed, (especially for three or Link 4four links towards the hook) I say, not exceed three or four 5haires; but if you can attain to Angle with one haire, you will 6have more rises, and catch more fish. Now you must bee sure 7not to cumber your selfe with too long a Line, as most do: and Link 8before you begin to angle, cast to have the wind on your back, 9and the Sun (if it shines) to be before you, and to fish down the Critical Apparatus10streame; and carry the point or top of the Rod downeward; by 11which meanes the shadow of your selfe, and Rod too will be the Link 12least offensive to the Fish, for the sight of any shadow amazes 13the fish, and spoiles your sport, of which you must take a great 14care.

15In the middle of March (till which time a man should not in 16honestie catch a Trout) or in April, if the weather be dark, or a 17little windy, or cloudie, the best fishing is with the Palmer-worm, 18of which I last spoke to you; but of these there be divers kinds, 19or at least of divers colours, these and the May-fly are the Link 20ground of all fly-Angling, which are to be thus made:

Link 21First you must arm your hook, with the line in the inside of 22it; then take your Scissers and cut so much of a browne Malards 23feather as in your own reason wil make the wings of it, you 24having withall regard to the bigness or littleness of your hook, Link 25then lay the outmost part of your feather next to your hook, 26then the point of your feather next the shank of your hook; and 27having so done, whip it three or four times about the hook with 28the same Silk, with which your hook was armed, and having Link 29made the Silk fast, take the hackel of a Cock or Capons neck, or a 30Plovers top, which is usually better; take off the one side of the 31feather, and then take the hackel, Silk or Crewel, Gold or Critical Apparatus Link 32Silver thred, make these fast at the bent of the hook, (that is to 33say, below your arming) then you must take the hackel, the 34silver or gold thred, and work it up to the wings, shifting or stil 35removing your fingers as you turn the Silk about the hook: 36and still looking at every stop or turne that your gold, or what Link 37materials soever you make your Fly of, do lye right and neatly; 38and if you find they do so, then when you have made the head, 39make all fast, and then work your hackel up to the head, and pg 109 Link 1make that fast; and then with a needle or pin divide the wing 2into two, and then with the arming Silk whip it about cross-3wayes betwixt the wings, and then with your thumb you must 4turn the point of the feather towards the bent of the hook, and 5then work three or four times about the shank of the hook, and 6then view the proportion, and if all be neat, and to your liking, 7fasten.

8I confess, no direction can be given to make a man of a dull 9capacity able to make a flye well; and yet I know, this, with a 10little practice, wil help an ingenuous Angler in a good degree; 11but to see a fly made by another, is the best teaching to make it, 12and then an ingenuous Angler may walk by the River and 13mark what fly falls on the water that day, and catch one of 14them, if he see the Trouts leap at a fly of that kind, and having 15alwaies hooks ready hung with him, and having a bag also, 16alwaies with him with Bears hair, or the hair of a brown or sad 17coloured Heifer, hackels of a Cock or Capon, several coloured 18Silk and Crewel to make the body of the fly, the feathers of a 19Drakes head, black or brown sheeps wool, or Hogs wool, or 20hair, thred of Gold, and of silver; silk of several colours 21(especially sad coloured to make the head): and there be also 22other colour'd feathers both of birds and of peckled fowl. I say, 23having those with him in a bag, and trying to make a flie, 24though he miss at first, yet shal he at last hit it better, even to a 25perfection which none can well teach him; and if he hit to make 26his flie right, and have the luck to hit also where there is store of 27trouts, and a right wind, he shall catch such store of them, as 28will encourage him to grow more and more in love with the Art Link 29of flie-making.

30

Viat. But my loving Master, if any wind will not serve, then 31I wish I were in Lapland, to buy a good wind of one of the 32honest witches, that sell so many winds, and so cheap.

33

Pisc. Marry Scholer, but I would not be there, nor indeed 34from under this tree; for look how it begins to rain, and by the Critical Apparatus35clouds (if I mistake not) we shall presently have a smoaking 36showre; and therefore sit close, this Sycamore tree will shelter us; 37and I will tell you, as they shall come into my mind, more 38observations of flie-fishing for a Trout.

39But first, for the Winde; you are to take notice that of the 40windes the South winde is said to be best. One observes, That

pg 1101        When the winde is south,

2It blows your bait into a fishes mouth.

3Next to that, the west winde is believed to be the best: and 4having told you that the East winde is the worst, I need not tell 5you which winde is best in the third degree: And yet (as Critical Apparatus6Solomon observes), that Hee that considers the winde shall never sow: 7so hee that busies his head too much about them, (if the 8weather be not made extreme cold by an East winde) shall be a 9little superstitious: for as it is observed by some, That there is 10no good horse of a bad colour; so I have observed, that if it be a 11clowdy day, and not extreme cold, let the winde sit in what Link 12corner it will, and do its worst. And yet take this for a Rule, Link 13that I would willingly fish on the Lee-shore: and you are to 14take notice, that the Fish lies, or swimms neerer the bottom in 15Winter then in Summer, and also neerer the bottom in any 16cold day.

Link 17But I promised to tell you more of the Flie-fishing for a 18Trout, (which I may have time enough to do, for you see it Link 19rains May-butter). First for a May-flie, you may make his body Link 20with greenish coloured crewel, or willow colour; darkning it in 21most places, with waxed silk, or ribd with a black hare, or some Critical Apparatus22of them rib'd with silver thred; and such wings, for the colour, 23as you see the flie to have at that season; nay at that very day Link 24on the water. Or you may make the Oak-flie with an Orange-25tawny and black ground, and the brown of a Mallards feather 26for the wings; and you are to know, that these two are most 27excellent flies, that is, the May flie and the Oak-flie: And let me 28again tell you, that you keep as far from the water as you can 29possibly, whether you fish with a flie or worm, and fish down 30the stream; and when you fish with a flie, if it be possible, let no 31part of your line touch the water, but your flie only; and be stil 32moving your fly upon the water, or casting it into the water; 33you your self, being also alwaies moving down the stream. Mr. 34Barker commends severall sorts of the palmer flies, not only Link 35those rib'd with silver and gold, but others that have their 36bodies all made of black, or some with red, and a red hackel; Link 37you may also make the hawthorn-flie, which is all black and not 38big, but very smal, the smaller the better; or the oak-fly, the pg 1111body of which is Orange colour and black crewel, with a Critical Apparatus Link 2brown wing; or a fly made with a peacocks feather, is excellent 3in a bright day: you must be sure you want not in your Link 4Magazin bag, the Peacocks feather, and grounds of such wool, 5and crewel as will make the Grasshopper: and note, that 6usually, the smallest flies are best; and note also, that, the light 7flie does usually make most sport in a dark day: and the darkest 8and least flie in a bright or cleare day; and lastly note, that you 9are to repaire upon any occasion to your Magazin bag, and 10upon any occasion vary and make them according to your 11fancy.

12And now I shall tell you, that the fishing with a naturall flie 13is excellent, and affords much pleasure; they may be found 14thus, the May-fly usually in and about that month neer to the 15River side, especially against rain; the Oak-fly on the Butt or 16body of an Oak or Ash, from the beginning of May to the end of 17August; it is a brownish fly, and easie to be so found, and stands 18usually with his head downward, that is to say, towards the Link 19root of the tree; the smal black fly, or hawthorn fly is to be had 20on any Hawthorn bush, after the leaves be come forth; with 21these and a short Line (as I shewed to Angle for a Chub) you Link 22may dap or dop, and also with a Grashopper, behind a tree, or in 23any deep hole, still making it to move on the top of the water, Critical Apparatus24as if it were alive, and still keeping yourself out of sight; you Link 25shall certainly have sport if there be Trouts; yea in a hot day, 26but especially in the evening of a hot day.

27And now, Scholer, my direction for fly-fishing is ended with 28this showre, for it has done raining, and now look about you, 29and see how pleasantly that Meadow looks, nay and the earth 30smels as sweetly too. Come let me tell you what holy Mr. 31Herbert saies of such dayes and Flowers as these, and then we 32will thank God that we enjoy them, and walk to the River and 33sit down quietly and try to catch the other brace of Trouts.

  • 34Sweet day, so cool, so calm, so bright,
  • 35The bridal of the earth and skie,
  • 36Sweet dews shal weep thy fall to night,
  • 37               for thou must die.
  • pg 1121Sweet Rose, whose hew angry and brave
  • 2Bids the rash gazer wipe his eye,
  • 3Thy root is ever in its grave,
  • 4               and thou must die.
  • 5Sweet Spring, ful of sweet dayes and roses,
  • 6A box where sweets compacted lie;
  • 7My Musick shewes you have your closes,
  • 8               and all must die.
  • 9Only a sweet and vertuous soul,
  • 10Like seasoned timber never gives,
  • 11But when the whole world turns to cole,
  • 12               then chiefly lives.
13

Viat. I thank you, good Master, for your good direction for 14fly-fishing, and for the sweet enjoyment of the pleasant day, 15which is so far spent without offence to God or man: and I 16thank you for the sweet close of your discourse with Mr. 17Herberts Verses, which I have heard, loved Angling; and I do 18the rather believe it, because he had a spirit sutable to Anglers, 19and to those Primitive Christians that you love, and have so 20much commended.

21

Pisc. Well, my loving Scholer, and I am pleased to know 22that you are so well pleased with my direction and discourse; 23and I hope you will be pleased too, if you find a Trout at one of Link 24our Angles, which we left in the water to fish for it self; you 25shall chuse which shall be yours, and it is an even lay, one 26catches: And let me tell you, this kind of fishing, and laying Link 27Night-hooks, are like putting money to use, for they both work 28for the Owners, when they do nothing but sleep, or eat, or 29rejoice, as you know we have done this last hour, and sate as Link 30quietly and as free from cares under this Sycamore, as Virgils 31Tityrus and his Melibœus did under their broad Beech tree: No 32life, my honest Scholer, no life so happy and so pleasant as the 33Anglers, unless it be the Beggers life in Summer; for then only 34they take no care, but are as happy as we Anglers.

35

Viat. Indeed Master, and so they be, as is witnessed by the 36beggers Song, made long since by Frank Davison, a good Poet, 37who was not a Begger, though he were a good Poet.

38

Pisc. Can you sing it, Scholer?

39

Viat. Sit down a little, good Master, and I wil try.

  • pg 1131  Bright shines the Sun, play beggers, play,
  • 2  here's scraps enough to serve to day:
  • 3What noise of viols is so sweet
  • 4As when our merry clappers ring?
  • 5What mirth doth want when beggers meet?
  • 6A beggers life is for a King:
  • 7  Eat, drink and play, sleep when we list,
  • 8  Go where we will so stocks be mist.
  • 9  Bright shines the Sun, play beggers, &c.
  • 10The world is ours and ours alone,
  • 11For we alone have world at will;
  • 12We purchase not, all is our own,
  • 13Both fields and streets we beggers fill:
  • 14  Play beggers play, play beggers play,
  • 15  here's scraps enough to serve to day.
  • 16A hundred herds of black and white
  • 17Upon our Gowns securely feed,
  • 18And yet if any dare us bite,
  • 19He dies therefore as sure as Creed:
  • 20  Thus beggers Lord it as they please,
  • 21  And only beggers live at ease:
  • 22    Bright shines the Sun, play beggers play,
  • 23    here's scraps enough to serve to day.
Link 24

Pisc. I thank you good Scholer, this Song was well humor'd 25by the maker, and well remembred and sung by you; and I 26pray forget not the Ketch which you promised to make against 27night, for our Country man honest Coridon will expect your 28Ketch and my Song, which I must be forc'd to patch up, for it 29is so long since I learnt it, that I have forgot a part of it. But 30come, lets stretch our legs a little in a gentle walk to the River, 31and try what interest our Angles wil pay us for lending them so 32long to be used by the Trouts.

33

Viat. Oh me, look you Master, a fish, a fish.

34

Pisc. I marry Sir, that was a good fish indeed; if I had had 35the luck to have taken up that Rod, 'tis twenty to one he should Link 36not have broke my line by running to the Rods end, as you 37suffered him; I would have held him, unless he had been fellow 38to the great Trout that is neer an ell long, which had his picture 39drawne, and now to be seen at mine Hoste Rickabies at the pg 1141George in Ware; and it may be, by giving that Trout the Rod, 2that is, by casting it to him into the water, I might have caught 3him at the long run, for so I use alwaies to do when I meet with 4an over-grown fish, and you will learn to do so hereafter; for I 5tell you, Scholer, fishing is an Art, or at least, it is an Art to 6catch fish.

7

Viat. But, Master, will this Trout die, for it is like he has the 8hook in his belly?

9

Pisc. I wil tel you, Scholer, that unless the hook be fast in his 10very Gorge, he wil live, and a little time with the help of the 11water, wil rust the hook, and it wil in time wear away as the 12gravel does in the horse hoof, which only leaves a false quarter.

13And now Scholer, lets go to my Rod. Look you Scholer, I 14have a fish too, but it proves a logger-headed Chub; and this is 15not much a miss, for this wil pleasure some poor body, as we go 16to our lodging to meet our brother Peter and honest Coridon. 17Come, now bait your hook again, and lay it into the water, for Link 18it rains again, and we wil ev'n retire to the Sycamore tree, and 19there I wil give you more directions concerning fishing; for I Critical Apparatus Link 20would fain make you an Artist.

21

Viat. Yes, good Master, I pray let it be so.

Notes

a In his History of Serpents.

a View Sir Fra. Bacon exper. 728 & 90. in his Natural History

a Gerh. Herbal.

Cambden.

Notes Settings

Notes

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17 and most] and and most
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35 Bear flies;] ⁓ ⁓,
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12 covered] cover d
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p. 105, l. 29 ith child with child
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3 (especially]
Critical Apparatus
10 streame;] ⁓)
Critical Apparatus
32 (that]
Critical Apparatus
p. 109, l. 35 smoaking a smoaking
Critical Apparatus
6 observes),] ⁓,
Critical Apparatus
22 wings,]
colour,]
Critical Apparatus
2 wing;] ⁓,
Critical Apparatus
24 sight;] ⁓,
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