Main Text

pg xiSIGLA AND ABBREVIATIONS

1. KEY TO THE CRITICAL APPARATUS

OET

the text of this edition.

(Note. Plain line-numbers refer to the OET text. Line-numbers in round brackets refer to a specified early text cited in the apparatus.)

a

added to an OET line number indicates a variant reading in the apparatus.

+

precedes interpolated material in a collated text other than the OET or a specified early text.

/

end-of-line marker.

repetition of an identical word in variants of punctuation.

omission of punctuation.

n.

editorial note in the Commentary of this edition.

Wi26f

Winter, folio 1726. Foxon T211.

See pp. xxxvi–xxxvii below.

Wi260

Winter, second edition, octavo 1726. Foxon T212.

Winter, third edition, octavo 1726. Foxon T213.

Winter, fourth edition, octavo 1726. Foxon T214.

See pp. xxxvii–xl below.

Su.27

Summer, octavo 1727. Foxon T220.

Summer, second edition, octavo 1728. Foxon T222.

See pp. xl–xliii below.

Wi28

Winter, fifth edition, octavo 1728. Foxon T216.

See pp. xliv–xlv below.

Sp28

Spring, octavo 1728. Foxon T227.

Spring, second edition, octavo 1729. Foxon T229.

See pp. xliii–xlvi below.

30q

The Seasons, quarto 1730. Foxon T236.

See pp. xlvi–lii below.

Su.30p

Summer, third edition, octavo 1730. Foxon T223.

See pp. lii–lvii below.

Au.30p

Autumn, second edition, octavo 1730. Foxon T233.

See pp. lii–lvii below.

Wi30p

Winter, a Hymn, a Poem to … Newton, and Britannia, octavo 1730. Foxon T217.

See pp. lii–lvii below.

Sp31

Spring, second edition, octavo 1731. Foxon T230.

See pp. lv–lvii below.

pg xii

300

The Seasons, octavo '1730' (possibly a false date). Foxon T240.

See pp. lvii–lx below.

Sp34

Spring, second edition, octavo '1731' (actually published 1734). Foxon T231.

See pp. lvi–lvii below.

Wi34

Winter, a Hymn, a Poem to … Newton, and Britannia, octavo 1734. Foxon T219.

See pp. lvi–lvii below.

Su.35

Summer, fourth edition, octavo 1735. Foxon T225.

See pp. lvi–lvii below.

38

The Seasons in The Works of Mr. Thomson, octavo 1738, vol. 1. Foxon p. 794.

See pp. lxi–lxiv below.

44

The Seasons, crown octavo 1744. Foxon T243.

See pp. lxviii–lxx below.

44Wks

The Seasons in The Works of Mr. Thomson, octavo 1744, vol. 1. Foxon p. 794.

See pp. lxx–lxxi below.

45

The Seasons, crown octavo '1744' (actually published 1745).

Foxon T244.

See p. lxxi below.

46

The Seasons, duodecimo 1746. Foxon T246.

See pp. lxxii–lxxiv below.

Note. Sigla representing early printed editions are set out in the apparatus according to the order in which they are listed above, with a dash to indicate a continuous series: e.g. 26f38 signifies a reading found in 26f, 260, 28, 30q, 30p, 300, 34, and 38 When variants within the same Season are listed (i.e. in most textual notes) the prefix indicating the Season, e.g. Sp or Su, is omitted.

MS

Revisions in Thomson's holograph on the interleaved copy of Works 1738, vol. 1, in the British Library (shelfmark C.28 e 17).

See pp. lxvi–lxviii below.

MSLytt

Revisions in Lyttelton's holgraph on this same volume.

Note. Holograph revisions deleted by hand in the interleaved volume are, in this apparatus, placed in square brackets and followed by the symbol 'del.'. Variants recorded as 'MS' or 'MSLytt' sometimes include, for the sake of clarity, printed words of 38 which Thomson or Lyttelton intended to retain in their revised text.

LH

extract from Summer in a letter from Thomson to Aaron Hill, c.June 1726, printed in Letters, pp. 38–9.

pg xiii

PS

extracts from Spring in The Present State of the Republic of Letters, May 1728, pp. 430–1.

WEP

extracts from Spring in the Whitehall Evening-Post, 16–19 March 1728.

2. KEY TO THE CRITICAL APPARATUS IN APPENDIX C

50

Cancel-sheet H in copies of 46 which were reissued with new preliminaries as The Works of James Thomson. In Four Volumes. Volume the First. Containing the Seasons. London: Printed for A. Millar … 1750. Demy 120.

See pp. lxxiv–lxxvi below.

52 dd

The Works of James Thomson. In Four Volumes Complete. With his last Corrections, Additions, and Improvements. London: Printed for A. Millar … 1752. [volume i] The Seasons. By James Thomson. London: Printed for A. Millar … 1752. Demy 120.

See pp. lxxvi–lxxvii below.

52 pd

The Seasons. By James Thomson. London: Printed for A. Millar … 1752. Pot 120.

See p. lxxvii below.

57

The Works of James Thomson. In Four Volumes Complete. With his last Corrections, Additions, and Improvements. London: Printed for A. Millar … 1757. Volume the First. Containing The Seasons. Demy 120.

See p. lxxvii below.

58

The Seasons. By James Thomson. London: Printed for A. Millar … 1758. Demy 120.

See p. lxxix below.

62q

The Works of James Thomson, With his last Corrections and Improvements. To which is prefixed, An Account of his Life and Writings. In Two Volumes. Vol. I. London: Printed for A. Millar … 1762. 40.

See p. lxxix below.

62d

The Works of James Thomson. With his last Corrections and Improvements. In Four Volumes. Vol. I. London: Printed for A. Millar … 1762. Demy 120.

See p. lxxix below.

Note. Sigla are set out in the apparatus of Appendix C according to the order in which they are listed above, with a dash to indicate a continuous series: e.g. 58–62d indicates a reading found in 58, 62q, and 62d.

pg xiv

Lytt

Lyttelton's emendations for an unpublished edition of The Seasons.

Note. These emendations were made in Lyttelton's hand upon an interleaved copy of The Seasons 1752, the title-page date of which he altered, in manuscript, to 'MDCCLVIII'. This volume was found among the books of Lyttelton's friend Mrs Elizabeth Montagu when she died in 1800 and was given by her heir to Lord Spencer, who, in turn, presented it to the Lyttelton family at Hagley before 1845. A few of Lyttelton's emendations in this volume were printed by John Mitford (1781–1859) in the Gentleman's Magazine (Dec. 1841), pp. 576–8, and a few more by R. Phillimore in his Memoirs of Lyttelton (1845), i. 319–22. It may have been about this time that John Mitford transcribed all of Lyttelton's emendations onto his own interleaved copy of a 1768 edition of The Seasons, now in the British Library (shelfmark C. 134 c. 1, formerly 11632 c. 57). The readings printed in Zippel, pp. xxii–xxxi, were taken from Mitford's transcription in the British Library, but were 'verified' upon the original volume, marked by Lyttelton, at Hagley.

As the original is now lost, thought to have been destroyed by fire at Hagley in 1925, readings in Appendix C are taken from the Mitford transcript in the British Library, collated with the readings printed by Mitford, Phillimore, and Zippel. The list is complete for substantive variants but includes only the most significant of Lyttelton's nearly two hundred revisions of accidentals. Line numbers and lemmata refer to the OET text, though it should be remembered that Lyttelton entered his emendations on a copy of 52dd.

3. OTHER ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE INTRODUCTION AND COMMENTARY

Arthos

John Arthos, The Language of Natural Description in Eighteenth Century Poetry (Ann Arbor, 1949).

Background

A. D. McKillop, The Background of Thomson's Seasons (Minneapolis, 1942).

Cas. Ind.

James Thomson, The Castle of Indolence, second edition (1748).

Foxon

D. F. Foxon, English Verse, 1701–1750, a Catalogue (Cambridge, 1975).

Grant

Douglas Grant, James Thomson, Poet of 'The Seasons' (1951).

Johnson

A Dictionary of the English Language (1755).

Letters

James Thomson (1700–1748), Letters and Documents, ed. A. D. McKillop (Lawrence, Kansas, 1958).

Lucretius

Lucretius, De Rerum Natura.

pg xv

PL

Milton, Paradise Lost.

Sale Catalogue

A Catalogue of the Furniture [etc.] of Mr. James Thomson (1749) in Sale Catalogues of the Libraries of Eminent Persons, ed. A. N. L. Munby (1971), i. 47–66.

Zippel

Otto Zippel, Thomson's Seasons, Critical Edition, in Palaestra lxvi (Berlin 1908, reprinted, Folcroft, Penn., 1970).

pg xvi

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