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pg 275INDEX

(Personal names, except for those of emperors and of Greek and Latin writers, are so far as possible listed under the gentilicium. All dates are a.d.)

M'. Acilius Glabrio (cos. 91), 43
adoption, 76 f.
Aedui, 125
Aemilius Pacensis, tribune in urban cohorts, 84
Africa, 65, 143, 258
alae, see auxilia.
Albingaunum, 181
Albintimilium, 177
Alexandria, Jewish rising, 10
Alferus Varus, praefectus castrorum under Fabius Valens, 194 f.
Alpes, the crossings from Gaul, 123, 128, 155 f.; Cottian province, 123; Maritime province, 177; Julian Alps, 259. amphitheatres, 231.
L. Annaeus Seneca, 3.
Annals of Tacitus, composition and relation to Histories, 34, 37, 70 f.
Annius Faustus, eques, and 'delator' under Nero, 174.
Ap. Annius Gallus (cos. c. 66), Othonian general, 157, 176; march westwards and establishment at Bedriacum, 187; his accident, 191; behaviour after the defeat, 208.
Annius Vinicianus, 'conspiracy' against Nero, 4 f.
Antiochus Epiphanes IV, of Commagene, 242.
Antipolis (Antibes), 180.
M. Antonius Primus, 23, 247; negotiation with Otho, 272 f.; with Caecina, 262.
L. Antonius Naso, tribune of praetorians, 83.
Apollo's temple, 88 f.
M. Aponius Saturninus, consular legate of Moesia, 6 n. 1, 146, 247, 257.
Aquileia, 211, 246, 259.
Aquinum, 158.
Aquitania, 139.
Army, summary of units at 1 January 69, 16 ff.; its power, 48; see Auxilia, legions, praetorians, urban cohorts.
Arrius Antoninus (cos. 69), 141.
L. Arruntius (cos. 6), supposed precedent for absentee governors, 227 f.
L. Arruntius Camillus Scribonianus (cos. 32), conspiracy against Claudius, 5.
Cn. Arulenus Caelius Sabinus (cos. 69), 141.
Asiaticus, freedman of Vitellius, 220, 251 f.
Augustodunum, 223 f.
T. Aurelius Fulvus. legate of III Gallica in Moesia, later career, 146.
Auxilia, distribution in relation to legions, 19 f.; recruitment, 21 f.; German units, 93, 123, 133; alae, Petriana 133, Siliana 10, 132, Tauriana 121; cohorts, Batavorum 11 f., 120, 125, 193 f., 228, Gallic 230, Tungrorum 179; composition of an ala, 179.
Aventicum, 133.

 

Basilides, priest at Mt. Carmel, 238.
Batavians, the eight cohorts, see Auxilia; other units, 183, 230, 257.
Battles, on the Riviera 179 ff.; siege of Placentia 183 ff.; ad Castores 189 ff.; 'first Bedriacum' 204 ff.
Bedriacum, 197 f., 208 f., 268 f.
Berenice, see Iulia.
Berytus, 243.
Bononia, distance from Brixellum 216.
Britain, in a.d. 69 121 f., 219 f.; condition after Agricola's recall 40 f.
Brixellum, 197 f., 204, 211.

 

C. Cadius Rufus, proconsul of Bithynia condemned for extortion under Claudius, restored to senate by Otho 142.
Cn. Caecilius Simplex (cos. 69), designated by Vitellius 222.
A. Caecina Alienus, birth and career 114; his army and march towards Italy 123; affair with the Helvetii 129 ff.; crossing of Great St. Bernard 133 f.; behaviour
pg 276A. Caecina Alienus—(Cont.) in N. Italy 185; failure at Placentia 184 f., and at Castores 190; Valens' contempt for him 195; treachery to Vitellius 259; 'conspiracy' against Vespasian and death 216; his wife 185.
Caecina Tuscus, prefect of Egypt under Nero, exiled 9 n. 36.
Caesar, name assumed by all emperors and their sons, 82, but initially refused by Vitellius 123, 225.
Calpurnius Asprenas, appointed by Galba as governor of Galatia and Pamphylia 172.
C. Calpurnius Piso, conspirator against Nero 3 f.
L. Calpurnius Piso (cos. 57) 4.
Calvia Crispinilla, 135 f.
C. Calvisius Sabinus (cos. 26), legate of Pannonia under Gaius 107.
Campania, earthquakes and eruptions 42.
Capitol, burning of, 42.
Cappadocia, 143, 170 f., 242 f.
Carmelus, mountain and god, 238.
Carthage, 139.
Caspian Gates, see Caucasus.
Castores, 191, 268.
Caucasus, project of Nero, 9 ff., 55 f.
cavalry, of praetorians, 175 f.
Ceriales ludi, 217.
C. Cestius Gallus, governor of Syria in a.d. 66, 4.
chronology, of Nero's fall 6 ff.; of Galba's reign 52, 54 f., 66; of Valens' march 123 ff.; of Caecina's march 129 ff., 155, 159, 183; of Otho's reign 136, 138 f., 159 f., 172, 183; of the Otho-Vitellius war 189, 195, 264 ff.; of Vitellius' journey to Rome 228, 231; of Vespasian's rising 169, 239 f.
Cingonius Varro (cos. des. for 68), his execution 14.
L. Clodius Macer, activity in Africa in a.d. 68 136, 258, execution 14, 57.
Cluvius Rufus, consular historian 59; possible source for T. 26, 57, 88, 143 f.; governor of Tarraconensis 46, 58 f.; operations in southern Spain 221; relations with Vitellius 226 f.
coinage, 243.
constitutional doctrines and parades, 6, 13, 49, 67, 105, 117 f., 143, 217 f.
consuls, of a.d. 69, 140 f., 231 f., 252.
corn distribution, 49.
Cn. Cornelius Dolabella, great-nephew of Galba and possible candidate for adoption 69, 157, executed by Vitellius 225.
Cornelius Fuscus, procurator in Pannonia, 248 f.
Cornelius Laco, Galba's praetorian prefect, 13, 15, 50 (career), 88, 94.
Cornelius Marcellus, praetorian senator executed by Galba, 97.
Corsica, 181.
Cremona, capture by Vitellians 182; Caecina's retreat there 187; the threatened bridge 198 f.; arrival of Valens 268; in Vitellio-Flavian war 260.
Crescens, freedman of Nero, 139.
Crispina, daughter of Vinius, 106, 135.
Curtius lacus, 100.
Cyprus, see Paphos.

 

Dacians, 41 f.
decorations, military, 118, 251.
Dialogus, of T., 24.
Dio Cassius, description of early Principate 36; on Poppaea 70; on Galba's financial commission 82; on Galba's death 100 f.; on Vespasian's financial policies 168; on Caecina's treachery 259, 262.
diplomata, 143, 216, 227.
Divodurum (Metz), 125.
Domitian, the emperor, age 234, adultery with his niece 43.
donatives, 50, 150, 244.
A. Ducenius Geminus, prefect of the city under Galba, 73.

 

Eastern provinces, their power, 170 f.
economic conditions, in Rome 154; in Transpadana 196, 219.
Egypt, 64, 244.
Emerita (Merida) 142.
emperor's titles, 105 f., 240, 251 f.
Epiphanes, son of Antiochus IV of Commagene (q.v.), 192.
T. Eprius Marcellus (cos. 62, cos. II 74), 215 f.
equites, 48, 68 f., 119, 151.
Ethiopia, supposed Neronian project, 9.

 

Fabius Valens (cos. 69), legionary legate in Lower Germany 12, 14, 57, 60, 114; his march to Italy 123 f., 266 f.; behaviour 126 ff.; riposte to Otho's Narbonese expedition 178 f., 266 f.; at Ticinum 197 f.
pg 277L. Faenius Rufus, praetorian prefect under Nero, 3.
Fannia, wife of Helvidius Priscus, 44.
fate, of Rome, 44 f.
Ferentium, 214.
fiscus, 104, 119, 126, 160.
Flaminia via, 226.
T. Flavius Sabinus (cos. 45), elder brother of Vespasian, 104, 158, 226.
T. Flavius Sabinus (cos. 69, cos. II 72), nephew of Vespasian, 141, 200, 205, 215.
T. Flavius Sabinus (cos. 82), son-in-law of Titus and 'cousin' of Domitian, 43.
Fonteius Capito (cos. 67), governor of Lower Germany 5,; execution 14, 57, 60; relations with Galba 14, 114; character and behaviour 25, 113 ff.
Forum Iulii (Fréjus), 155 f., 179.
freedmen, their rights 254, 257; see also Asiaticus, Crescens, Helius, Hilarius, Icelus, Polyclitus.

 

Galba, the emperor (Ser. Sulpicius Galba, cos. 33), praenomen 108, 213; family 76; age and career 108; his problems as princeps 14 ff.; T.'s 'darker' picture 47; 'lighter' picture 50; entry to Rome 56 f.; his 'carelessness' 57, 68; concessions to Gallic supporters 57, 61, 113; adoption of Piso 72 ff.; senate's attitude 81; financial measures 82 f.; resistance to Otho's revolt 94 ff.; his last words and his murderer 108; obituary 108 ff.; posthumous reputation 57, 217.
P. Galerius Trachalus (cos. 68), orator and counsellor under Otho, 160, 213.
Gaul, attitude to Rome 6 f., 40, 57 ff.; Rhineland tribes 112 f.; peasant rising 223 f.
Germania, of T. 24 f.

 

Helius, freedman of Nero 6.
Helvetii 129 ff.
C. Helvidius Priscus (pr. 70), 13, 253.
Herennius Senecio, executed under Domitian 43.
Herod Agrippa II, 242.
Hilarius, freedman of Vitellius 227.
Hispalis (Seville), 142.
Histories, starting date 33 f; ending 39; T.'s introductory chapters 33 f., 38, 45 ff.
Hordeonius Flaccus, consular legate of Upper Germany, appointed by Galba 14, 46; age and infirmity 60; dubious loyalty to Vitellius 257.

 

Icelus, freedman of Galba, 15, 68, 94, 105.
Illyricum, term which can include Moesia 62, 138, 246; legions from, in Otho's war 175, 211; execution of centurions and anti-Vitellian feeling 222; wars etc. during Flavian period 39 f., 41.
Iudaea, the revolt and Vespasian's war 63, 166 f.
Ti. Iulius Alexander, prefect of Egypt by late 66, 9 n. 36; edict in Galba's name 12; career 64; negotiations with Vespasian 233; acclaims him 239.
Iulius Briganticus, Batavian praefectus alae and nephew of Iulius Civilis 187.
Iulius Civilis, Batavian chieftain, reprieved from execution by Vitellians, 120.
Iulius Cordus, governor of Aquitania, 139.
Iulius Fronto, tribune in vigiles, 84.
Iulius Martialis, praetorian tribune, 90, 150.
Iulius Priscus, centurion, made praetorian prefect by Vitellius 253.
C. Iulius Vindex, governor of Lugdunensis, his rising against Nero and its causes 6 f., 127; his supporters 112; suicide 8.

 

Josephus, discrepancies from T., 161 ff., 239, 259, 262.

 

Legions, full list as at 1 January 69, 16 f.
I (classica) Adiutrix, 16 f., 52 ff., 102, 150
I Italica, commission and dispatch eastwards 9 f., 83; at Lugdunum 11 f., 16.
I Macriana, 65.
III Gallica, 145, 233.
VII Galbiana (Gemina), 16 f., 50, 54, 78, 85, 211, 229, 247.
X Fretensis, 54.
XIII Gemina, 190.
XIV Gemina Martia Victrix, in Nero's last years, 7, 10 f., 120; in Illyricum 12; in Otho's war 175, 216; claim to have been undefeated 228; back in Illyricum 249.
XV Apollinaris, in a.d. 68, 10.
XXI Rapax, 67, 115, 123, 129.
Leuci, 125.
Libertatis atrium, 93.
P. Licinius Caecina, new senator from Spain, 215.
pg 278M. Licinius Crassus Frugi (cos. 27), his family, including Galba's adopted son, 5.
M. Licinius Crassus (cos. 64), death 5, estates in Histria 232.
C. Licinius Mucianus (cos. II 70, cos. III 72), governor of Syria and earlier career 62 f.; character 62, 168, 241; reconciliation with Vespasian 168; meeting with Vespasian and speech 233 ff.; military plans 233, 265; campaign 244; responsibility for financial measures 245.
Licinius Proculus, Otho's praetorian prefect and commander in the field 103, 150; treatment by Vitellius 222.
Lingones, 116, 125, 142.
Lucceius Albinus, procurator in the Mauretanias, 220.
Sex. Lucilius Bassus, promoted by Vitellius from praefectus alae to be commander of fleets at Ravenna and Misenum, 261; treachery to Vitellius and previous treachery to Galba ib.
Lugdunum, grant from Nero 113; loss of land in 68, 7; treatment by Galba and by Vitellius 127; garrison 126 f.

 

maiestas, penalties, 43, 142.
manipulares, 87.
T. (?) Manlius Valens, legate of legion I Italica at Lugdunum, 126, 137.
Mariccus, leader of peasant revolt in Gaul, 223 f.
marines, 52 ff., 148, 188, 263.
Marius Celsus (cos. 69), career 72, 97; relations with T. 25, 72; pardoned by Otho 103; in Otho–Vitellius war 208 f.; negotiation with Caecina 210, 262; consulate from Vitellius 222.
Marius Maturus, procurator of Maritime Alps, 178.
Martius Macer, commands gladiators facing Cremona, 188 f.; subsequent operations 198 f.
Mauretania, 66, 143, 220.
messages, imperial post 67; unofficial 81, 216 f.
L. Mestrius Florus (cos. 73), friend of Plutarch 209.
Misenum, 156.
Moesia, troops sent for Otho's war, 197, 210 ff., 246.
Mulvius pons, 250.

 

Narbonensis, 139, 141; Otho's expedition 147 ff., 155 f., 177 ff., 265 ff.
Nero, the emperor, treatment of nobility 5, compels senators to stage performances 225, projected Caucasian expedition and its recall 6 f.; return to Italy after Greek tour 6; riposte to Vindex 61, 194; desertion by praetorians 49; suicide 9; appearance 172; posthumous fame and 'false Neros' 42, 173; revival by Vitellius 231.
Nerva, the emperor, 'reconciliation of principate and libertas' 23.
nobilitas, 75, 90 f.
Noricum, 133 f.
numeri, 35, and in different sense 230.
Numisius Lupus, legionary legate in Moesia 146.
C. Nymphidius Sabinus, praetorian prefect at time of Nero's fall, 9, 12, 15, 49 (origin and career).

 

Obultronius Sabinus, senator executed by Galba in Spain 97.
Ofonius Tigellinus, praetorian prefect under Nero 4, 135.
optio, 87.
ordo militiae, 93, 98, 130, 178, 254 ff.
Ostia, 147, 149, 226.
Otho, the emperor (M. Salvius Otho), omission from T.'s Introduction 46; early career and relations with Poppaea 15, 70 f.; candidate for adoption by Galba 70; degree of nobilitas 90, 213 f.; debts 84; plot and relations with army 85; speech in rebellion 97; superstitions 89; guilt over Galba 102; imperial titulary 105; cruelty 119; government in Rome 134 ff.; dependence on praetorians 151; opening moves in war 175 ff.; departure from Rome 159; retirement to Brixellum 197 f.; reasons for suicide 210; last speech and death 212 f.; tombstone 214; news of his death 216 f.; posthumous reputation 195.

 

pagani, 115 f.
Palatium, 79 f., 94, 99, 135.
paludamentum, 56 f., 251.
Paphos, and Venus' temple, 164 f.
Pedanius Costa, deprived by Vitellius of consulate awarded by Otho 231.
Pedius Blaesus, condemned for extortion pg 279in Cyrene under Claudius, restored to senate by Otho 142.
Piso Licinianus, (Calpurnius Piso Frugi Lirinianus), stemma 74; adopted by Galba as Piso Caesar, 73 ff.; speech to cohort on guard 90 f.; death 101 f.
Placentia, 184 ff.; amphitheatre 186.
M. Plancius Varus, senator from Pamphylia, 225 f.
plebs, 49.
Pliny the Elder, important source for T., 26 f., 262.
Pliny the Younger (cos. 100), correspondence with T. 22 f., his Panegyric probably independent of T. 22.
Plutarch, use of common source with T. 26; comparison of their uses 99; discrepancies 70 f., 101 f., 143 f., 147 f., 154, 200 ff., 208 ff.
Poetovio, 259, 273.
Polyclitus, freedman of Nero, 98.
Pompeius Longinus, praetorian tribune, 93.
Pompeius Propinquus, procurator of Belgica, 67.
Pompeius Vopiscus (cos. 69), consulate in March received from Otho 141.
Pontus Polemoniacus, 170.
Poppaea Sabina, Nero's second wife, 70, 84, 143.
portents and religious beliefs, 44, 63, 80, 153 f., 214, 237 ff.
praefectus legionis, 150; pr. castrorum 192, 194; urbi 225.
praetorians, strength of cohorts 16 f., recruitment 152; in Otho's revolt 97; in Narbonese expedition 156; mutiny in Rome 146 f.; rarely taken to battle 159; at 'first Bedriacum' 207; efficiency 183.
primipilares, 92, 156.
provinces, cursory summary by T., 47.
Ptolemaeus, Galba's soothsayer, 84.
Publilius Sabinus, praefectus cohortis, made praetorian prefect by Vitellius 253.

 

Raetia (and Raeti), 130 f.
Ravenna, 261.
Regium Lepidum, 214.
res publica, possible meanings 77.
Rhineland, punishment by Galba 14; his support in Lower Germany 60.
Rhoxolani, 144 f.
Q. Roscius Caelius, legionary legate in Britain, later career 122.
Rubellius Plautus, great-grandson of the emperor Tiberius, victim of Nero; introduced Cornelius Laco to Piso Licinianus 73.
Rubrius Gallus, consular commander for Nero in 68; intermediary for Caecina's treachery to Vitellius 215.

 

Salii, 159.
Sallust, T.'s model in his starting-point and in his Introduction, 33, 45.
Salonina, wife of Caecina Alienus, 185.
Salvius Cocceianus, Otho's nephew, 212 f.
Sardinia, 181.
Scribonianus Crassus, youngest brother of Piso Licinianus, 106.
Scribonianus Camerinus, 5, 232.
Scribonii, consular governors of the two Germanies, executed by Nero, 4 f.
Sempronius Densus, praetorian centurion, Piso's bodyguard 101 f.
senate, behaviour 139, 149, 152, 173 f., 215; Vespasian's adlections 243 f.
ships, Liburnicae 181, 200.
siege-works, 186.
Sohaemus, king of Emesa, 241.
soothsayers, 84.
speculatores, 86 f., 89 f., 96, 176, 232.
speeches, 75, 90 f., 97, 151, 254 ff.
standards (signa, etc.), 96, 100, 183, 246.
Statilia Messalina, Nero's widow, 213.
sublicius pons, 154.
Subrius Dexter, praetorian tribune, 93
Suedius Clemens, primipilaris, commander in Otho's Narbonese expedition, 156
Suetonius Laetus, father of the writer Suetonius, 211
C. Suetonius Paullinus, 157, senior consular 203, memoirs 192, arrival in N. Italy 189; at Castores battle 197; his counsel and its rejection 196 ff., 204; source for T. 199; treachery or desire for peace 202; treatment by Vitellius 222
Suetonius (C. Suetonius Tranquillus), common source with T. 26; discrepancies 101 f., 70 f., 143 f., 147 ff., 154, 224
Sulpicia Praetextata, wife of Crassus (cos. 64)

 

Tacitus, attitude to Principate 35 f.; use of
pg 280Tacitus - (Cont. sources for Galba's reign 48; historical judgement 66 f.; 99, 108 ff.; digressions 110, 203 f.; 161 ff.; power of style 99, 108 ff.; independent judgement 200 ff.
L. Tampius Flavianus, consular governor of Pannonia, 6 n.1, 247
tesserarius, 87
L. Tettius Iulianus, legate of VII Claudia in Moesia, 146, 247
Ticinum, 195
Cn. Titinius Capito, secretary to Domitian, Nerva, and Trajan, 22
Titus, the emperor (T. Flavius Vespasianus, later Titus Caesar), legate of XV Apollinaris 63; intended visit to Galba 63; voyage back and its consequences 161 ff; character and career 162 f.; 236
Trajan, his principate and its effect on T.'s thinking 23 ff.; 38
Transpadana regio, 132 f.; 182
M. Trebellius Maximus (cos. 56), governor of Britain, 6 n. 1, 121 ff.
trecenarius, 87

 

Umbricius, a seer 89
urban cohorts, 147 f., 156, 255

 

vacationes, 104
Valerius Asiaticus, legate of Belgica and later Vitellius' son-in-law 121
Valerius Festus (C. Calpetanus Valerius Festus), legate of the African legion under Vitellius 258 f.
Valerius Marinus, consulate awarded by Galba cancelled by Vitellius 232
C. Velius Rufus, eminent equestrian career, 243
Verania, wife of Piso Licinianus 106
L. Verginius Rufus (cos. 63, II 69, III 97), appointed governor of Upper Germany by Nero 5, battle at Vesontio and offer of empire by Rhine legions 8, 60; his reply 8; treatment by Galba 60; offer from Illyrican legions 12, 61; offer from Otho's defeated army 215; T.'s attitude to him 215; his family 114
Vespasian, the emperor (T. Flavius Vespasianus, cos. 51), age and family 234; lack of nobilitas 235 f.; proconsulate of Africa 258; command in Judaea 4; his army and Jewish campaigns 11, 63; standing in the empire at Galba's death 104; plans 111, 161 ff.; constitutional attitudes 105; proclamation as emperor 233 ff.; military strategy 233; adlections to senate 243 f.; 'parsimony' 245; character 167 f.
Vestals 43
Vesta's temple, 102
T. Vestricius Spurinna, commander (probably of praetorian standing) for Otho 176, 183; possible oral source for T. 25
M. Vettius Bolanus, made governor of Britain by Vitellius 228; doubtful loyalty 257
Q. Vibius Crispus, consular senator 173 f.
Vienna (Vienne) 7, 126 f., 228 f.
Vipsania porticus, 92
Vipstanus Apronianus, proconsul of Africa 139
Vipstanus Messalla, tribune of legion VII Claudia, and source for parts of Book III, 25
Vitellius, the emperor (A. Vitellius, cos. 48), earlier career 114 f., 258; appointment to Lower Germany by Galba 14, 61; proclamation as emperor 112 ff.; titulary 105, 123; power of his armies 122, 249, 251; march to Rome 219 ff.; measures of his principate 230, 254 ff.; character 119, 195, 230; posthumous homage to Nero 231, 256; T.'s bias 256
L. Vitellius, brother of the emperor 158
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