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Link 2. Germaniae, an unusual expression, perhaps analogical to Gallias (I. 8. 4 n.), but found also in 23. 2 of free Germany beyond the Rhine. But Galliae means the three Gallic provinces, and this can hardly mean Germania Superior and Inferior.

6. suas in civitates. For Gallic officers generally see 61. 14 and the exaggerated claim by Cerialis in 74. 6.

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10. pacem vocarent. The n. by Ogilvie–Richmond on the famous parallel in Agric. 30. 7 is particularly valuable.

14. provinciarum sanguine, as extension of the practice described in Agric. 35. 2, citra Romanum sanguinem bellandi, with Ogilvie–Richmond's n.

15. Batavo equite, see 18. 10.

Aeduos Arvernosque. The Aedui and Sequani (see 17. 3 below) are given in I. 51. 17 as examples of Vindex' supporters; the Arverni are mentioned only here.

16. inter Verginii auxilia Belgas, particularly the Treviri and Lingones, who had helped the legions to destroy Vindex, I. 53. 11, 57. 9, 64. 5, and above all IV. 69. 7.

19. veteranas cohortis. Besides the Tungrians in 16. 12, he already counts on the eight Batavian cohorts at Mogontiacum, although their revolt is not described until ch. 19. Münzer, 89, gave this as an example of the misleading nature of T.'s source; but the passage is part of Civilis' speech.

21. multos . . . ante tributa genitos, certainly an absurd exaggeration, if we date the tribute at latest to the census of 27 bc (Dio LIII. 22. 5). Compare Aper's story in Dial. 17. 4, of the old man encountered in Britain (in ad 43?) who claimed to have fought against Caesar 97 years earlier.

22. nuper . . . Varo. Note how within three lines nuper mean first five months, then more than sixty years; although there are good parallels for either.

26. vacui, cf. Agric. 37. 1, where the Britons are vacui because pugnae expertes, not so far engaged in fighting.

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