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42.

1–7. Variant versions of the mutiny and further legislation

42. 1. inuenio apud quosdam: for this expression see vi. 20. 4 n.

L. Genucium: (5). Otherwise unknown. The attempt to equate him with the consul of 365 and 362 (thus Ferenczy [1976] 50) would depend upon a remarkable resurrection (see 6. 9); but close relationship is probable.

Link 2. utique: here = et ut; cf. vi. 35. 5.

3. aliis annalibus: see 18. 10 n.

proditum: for the omission of memoriae, cf. viii. 18. 2–3 and 24. 1.

ad arma consternatam esse: for the construction, cf. xxi. 24. 2 'Galli … metu seruitutis ad arma consternati'; also x. 43. 13 'in fugam consternantur' (n.), xxi. 56. 1 'trepidantes et prope iam in suos consternatos', and xxxviii. 46. 4 'tantae corporum moles … in fugam consternatae sunt'. As W–M observed, the word often denotes an irrational fear; cf. ii. 40. 5 'Coriolanus prope ut amens consternatus', vi. 2. 11, viii. 9. 12 (of the effect on the Latins of the deuotio of Decius), and 27. 9 'tumultuque etiam sanos consternante animos'.

4. C. Manli: (15). The name C. Manlius is not the least problematic pg 388part of this alternative version of the story; in particular, we do not know whether or not L.'s sources identified him with the consular tribune of 379 (vi. 30. 2 n.), who is the only other C. Manlius known from this period. Münzer wisely created a special entry in RE for this passage.

ad quartum lapidem: see 9. 6 n.

consedisse: standard in such a context; but cf. esp. ii. 11. 7 'P. Valerius inde T. Herminium cum modicis copiis ad secundum lapidem Gabinia uia occultum considere iubet' and Tac. hist. ii. 45. 1.

5. mentionem … ortam: cf. [x] ii. 18. 4, xxvii. 34. 11, Suet. Tib. 13. 1, and Just. xii. 6. 2.

5–6. concordiae … concordia: see vi. 42. 12 n.

5. in aciem … processissent: see vi. 22. 9 n.

6. salutationem: for two armies greeting each other, cf. i. 1. 9 'inter exercitus salutationem factam', xxii. 29. 11, 30. 2, [Caes.] Afr. 85. 5 'armis demissis salutationem more militari faciunt', Tac. hist. iv. 72. 3 'nulla inter coeuntes exercitus consalutatio', and Suet. Otho 9. 2 (perhaps also compare ix. 6. 12, where Campanian nobles greet the Roman army). The military greeting was with swords pointed down; see Luc. iv. 173–4 'nutu motoque salutant | ense suos' and Stat. Theb. xii. 400–1 'teque ille acie respexit ab ipsa | ense salutatam et nutantis uertice coni'.

permixtos … lacrimantes: for a similarly imaginative scene when armies on opposing sides in civil war are supposed to have met, cf. Luc. iv. 174–88. The fraternization of armies on opposing sides in civil war is described at e.g. Caes. ciu. i. 74. 1–75. 2 and Plut. Ant. 18. 2–6, where see Pelling's note.

rettulisse ad patres de …: the standard expression for consulting the senate; cf. e.g. viii. 13. 10 'Camillus de Latinis populis ad senatum rettulit', 14. 1 (twice), 16. 13, ix. 8. 1, Cic. Sest. 68 'referente L. Ninnio … omnia senatus reiciebat, nisi de me primum consules rettulissent', and see Mommsen (1887–8) iii. 951–2 and Merguet (1877–84) ii. 11.

42. 8. Privernum attacks Norba and Setia

8. infidum … foedus: see ix. 45. 5 'infidae pacis' and n.

Priuernates: see 15. 11 n.

Norbam: the extensive and impressive ruins of ancient Norba are pg 389to be found just over a kilometre west of modern Norma. Situated on the western edge of the M. Lepini, Norba was a commanding fortress-town built to protect the Latins against the Volsci of the mountains and the Pomptine plain. Its position was greatly enhanced by its massive polygonal walls. We meet the town first in D.H.'s (unreliable) list of the Latin alliance against Rome before Lake Regillus (v. 61. 3; cf. Plin. nat. iii. 68); but by 492 it seems to have fallen into Volscian hands, and in that year it was colonized by Rome and the Latins (ii. 34. 6, D.H. vii. 13. 4–5, Dio fr. 18. 4). Thereafter Norba must have been involved regularly in the Volscian Wars, though raiding of her territory is attested only here and at viii. 19. 5. In the middle Republic the colony remained more or less in obscurity until sacked by the Sullans in 82 (App. ciu. i. 439), L. mentioning it only at xxvii. 10. 7, xxxii. 2. 4, and 26. 7–8. See further Nissen (1883–1902) ii. 644–5, Philipp, RE xvii. 925, Ogilvie on ii. 34. 6, and Coarelli (1982) 265–71.

Setiam: see vi. 30. 9 n.

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