Peter Davidson (ed.), The Poems and Translations of Sir Richard Fanshawe, Vol. 2

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pg 419[II, i]

After the foregoing Song, loud Musick, And let claridiana descend alone, by a pair of stairs on the right hand, and let it be quite another Scene.

clara. In what a War, Father unjust,

2Hast thou plung'd me? for what cause

3Did'st thou confine my choice to Laws

4So Heterogeneal to my gust?

5What satisfaction to thy dust

6Can it be, I so should wed?

7Who put that fancy in thine head?

8That I should not be capabel

9To chuse for my own self, as well,

10As thou for me, after thou'rt dead?

11O (in thy own opinion) wise!

12How have thy spectacles discern'd,

13That there, where I am most concern'd,

Critical Apparatus14I must be cozen'd by mine Eyes?

15Admit, they should their choice revise,

Critical Apparatus16And rue too late with sad reflection

17Their Errour in their undeception:

18Were it not better owe that Ill

19To the deception of my will,

20Than to the Wilfulness of thy deception?

21If to Inchantments thou confide

22My happiness, thou may'st with much

23More ground, what I shall chuse for such,

24Trust to my Spirit and my pride:

25If a Star's trusted to provide

26A Match for me, though that see far,

27'Tis fair, and therefore like to erre

28In Happiness, and (with thy leave)

29As to Love matters (I conceive)

30A Woman knows more than a Star.

pg 42031If it be noted a thing rare,

32For Beauty fortunate to prove,

33Yet I may fortunately love;

34For what have I to do with Fair?

35But Beauty now will quite despair

36That ever Bliss to her should come,

37When (cruel Father!) by thy doom

38I, who have none, condemn'd must be,

39Dead to my self, to live to thee:

40Like a Watch-candle in a Tomb.

Critical Apparatus41Is it decreed I must admit

42Perforce of Love? what madness, this?

43Serves Beauty only to hand bliss

44T'another, that usurpeth it?

45Virtue, Education, Wit,

46To be noble, to be fair,

47To be ev'ry thing that's rare,

48Let not these for ever be

49Woman's infelicitie,

50Let not these for ever scare.

51My years in hymen's slavish bands!

52The freedom of my Soul reduc'd

53To live after another's Gust!

54I, moulded in another's hands!

55At an imperious Man's Commands!

56It must not be: Let Men divine

57With similies; Let them in fine

58Date Beauty by a flow'r that blows:

59(How everlasting in a Rose!

60How trivial in a Jesamine!)

61Fright Fools with this, That Youth's a blaze:

62That, which my Envy doth engage,

63Is the Prerogative of age;

64Which from a higher ground survays

65The Labyrinth of humane ways,

66And, undeceiv'd by Time, doth know

67That all's deception here below;

pg 421

68And whether calm, or storm appears,

69Is laid up in the Bay of Years,

70And lets it shine, and lets it blow.

71No ancient Fester, no new Sore,

Critical Apparatus72Makes Age wish cupids bow were burst,

73For time by this hath cur'd the first;

74And high time 'tis, to have no more,

75Love's golden Field being now all hoar.

76Free I was born, and remain free;

77Mine own I am, If I will be

78Another's, 'tis my fault; with whom

79For me unhappy to become,

80Can never happen without me.

81Liberty, my noble Will:

82For these Ills, so well forecast,

83How bitter will they be to taste,

Critical Apparatus84When, imagin'd but, they kill?

85Indeed the Fates have us'd me ill:

86I ask them not Revenge, nor Pelf,

Editor’s Note87But quiet, and to 'scape a shelf.

88This sure can be no great offence:

89'Tis begging in my own defence

90To pray I may but save my self.

Enter floranteo.

floro. This now is love's last Will, and last shall be,

92Which (thankful to the hand that gave me death)

93Shall leave my Murtheress a Legacie,

94And sigh her Blessings with my dying breath:

95And these shall be not the first tears, which, still'd

Critical Apparatus96Out of the Bosom's principaller part,

97Shall have the Fate of Wealth profusely spill'd,

98Which seldom meets with any grateful heart:

99And this shall be a Love so obstinate,

100That, for all Love it shall a pattern grow,

101To live in spight of Time, or Change, or Hate,

pg 422

102Yet there's one comfort amidst all this woe,

103That, for a wretch his way to death to grope,

104There needs in fine, nor Remedy, nor Hope.

105Upon the License giv'n by thee To Her.

106This glorious Pile to come and see,

107Hundreds do flock, to view the Place,

108But thousands to behold thy Face;

109Whom, though these Knights did disinchant,

110Th'Adventure is not finisht yet,

111Because that wise, and valiant,

112Have not in one subject met:

113So, in the sword again it lies,

114By duel to decide the Prize.


clara. I weigh not my dead Sires command,

116Where his Will his Law I find;

117No King that ever Rul'd a Land,

118Could stretch his Empire to the mind.

119I wonder in my heart, that he

120(With all his Wisedom) could not see,

121The Husband he did fore-decree,

122Would not so well examin'd be

123By an Inchantment, as by Me:

124Nor so authentick in Love-matters

125An Old-Man's judgement, as his Daughters.

126This is a Lott'ry, I profess,

127Not giving him the happiness

128Who hath most worth but best success.

129And may not I acquainted be

130With who they are?

floro. It may suffice

131To know, they're both of Knights degree,

132And that thy Sire was very wise.


clara. I have a better way to know

134Who's Valiantest, and Wisest.

floro. How?

pg 423135

clara. He shall be the Valiantest

136Who my scorns best suffer can—


floro. Good.

clara. And him that loves me best

138I shall count the wisest Man.

139But sadly, I do live in fear;

140For, though I would not fair appear,

141And, though in truth I am not fair,

142Haunted I am, like those that are:

143And here, among these rustling leaves,

144With which the wanton Wind doth play,

145Inspir'd by it, my Sense perceives

146This snowy Jesamine (whisp'ring) say;

147How much more frolick, white, and fair,

148In her green-lattice she doth stand,

149T'enjoy the free and cooler Air,

150Than in the prison of a hand.


floro. Madam, Thou might'st be pleas'd to read

152Other Lessons in this Mead;

153All whose Flowers (as from the Spring)

154Take from thee their life and being.

155See, this jesamine; which doth owe

156To thy hand fingers of Snow,

157To its soveraign whiteness, how

158All his silver Banners bow!

159See, that sanguine Gilly-flow'r

160(Spicy, big with pearly showre)

161Which a new aurora dips

162In the scarlet of thy Lips!

163See, the lilly's so pure white,

164It might be margent to the Light!

165Such a white Foyl to those black eyes

166Is that smooth Forehead's christal Rise.

pg 424

167See, a quire of Nightingales;

168Bidding thee a thousand Hales;

169Twice taken for their morning bright,

170By the Flowers; and by the Light!

171For in those clear Eyes, Ray for Ray,

172The sun's translated, and made better,

173And, flow'r for flow'r, in those Cheeks may

174Copied in a fairer letter.

175But, least in limning Thee my Art

176Should play th'unskilful painters part,

177Let this Christal river pass

178For thy liquid Looking-glass.

179See thy self there! but, if thine Eye

180Too long on that sweet Centre dwell—


clara. This Man (I fear me) by and by

182Will drop into narcissus well.

183Since now I came, where I am Witness to

184The worlds Ambitions, I have no content.


floro. Not, that your self you disinchanted view,


clara. Thou nam'st the thing which I do most resent.

187Till then, I liv'd in jollity,

188On others dangers looking down,

189From the serene Tranquillity

190Which my Soul truly term'd her own:

191For, plac'd above what man calls Bliss,

192And (into her self retir'd)

193By a heavenly Ecstasis

194Ravish'd, elevated, fir'd;

195She saw the multitude of Woes,

196A fair one on her self bestowes,

197When 'tis her Riches, and her Pride,

198To see her lovers multiply'd.

pg 425

199Who, ev'n to qualifie disdains

200(For, not disdaining, beauty's dull)

201Must be content to take the pains

202To be reputed Beautiful.

203And, if with beautiful disdain

204To let Men fall, it be her stile;

205Ev'n by Refusals this they'll gain,

206That she hath thought of them the while.

207I look'd, if underneath the Cope

208Were one that lov'd, and did not hope;

209But from his Nobler Soul remove

210That modern Heresie in Love:

211When, hearing a shrill voyce, I turn,

212And (loe!) a sweet-tongu'd Nightingal

213(Tender adorer of the Morn)

214In him I found that one and all:

215For that same faithful Bird, and true,

216(Sweet and kind, and constant Lover)

217Wond'rous Passion did discover

218From the terrace of an Eugh.

219And, though ungrateful she, appear'd

220Unmov'd with all she saw and heard;

221Ev'ry day, before 'twas day,

222More and kinder things he'd say.

223Courteous, and never to be lost,

224Return'd not with complaints, but praise;

225Loving, and all at his own cost,

226Suff'ring, and without hope of Ease:

227For, with a sad and tremb'ling throat,

228He breaths into her breast this Note,

229I love thee not, to make thee mine;

230But love thee, 'cause thy Form's Divine.

pg 426

231Here now was candour! Here Faith strove!

232How rul'd a pain! how full of duty!

233Not his own happiness to love;

234But to love anothers Beauty!

235Where (O how base!) the Man, whose flame

236Soars highest, if he spy no Game,

237aurora's self (so fresh so gay)

238Shall see him late a second day:

239And I was scandaliz'd at Love

240(If, since the thing did hence remove,

241The name remains) to find one can

242Believe a Nightingale, and not a man.


floro. Believ't (when he does love) a man

244Loves more than bruits or do or can:

245His tow'ring Passion scorns to vale

246T'a silly short wing'd nightingale.

247The Nightingale loves nothing else

248But the presence of his Dame;

249Love (like Faith) in this excels,

250That see, or not, it is the same.

251The morning hears his Roundelaies,

252Which though she do not thank him for;

253A Dame, that listens to her praise,

254May be presum'd not to abhor.

255The diff'rence then is very great:

256For, where there is most diffidence,

257A Cause that can a hearing get

258Will pick an Eye of Hope from thence.

259But Oh! the space (Madam) the space

260Betwixt his passion, and relief,

261Who suffers, and restrains his Grief,

262Nor open'd to the judge his Case.

pg 427

263For once I will discover mine,

264Not to perswade thee to incline

265The least, but only let thee see

266What silence thou has ow'd to me.

267O, how it sweeten would my pain,

268Could my cause hope but to be cast

269Out, after formal sentence past,

270In the fair Court of thy Disdain!

271For, though I have a Patience

272Which needs not this experiment,

273Yet I would owe experience

274It self to being a Patient.


clara. Henceforth thou shalt not to my face

276Tell me I would not hear thy case;

277Nor me with thy dumb Passion twit,

278For thou hast disinvelop'd it.

279Him, who his silence for respect

280Obtrudes upon my estimation,

281For punishment I will direct

282To speak in nothing, nor no fashion.

283For, if he persevere not mute,

284I'll tell him, and I'll (smiling) do't

285What time his pain hath speechless been,

286'Twas 'cause (being small) he bit it in.

287Which if he now could do no more,

288But love brake ope his prison dore;

289Though with dark-keeping he was mad,

290He's tame, since he began to gad.

291I make no diff'rence 'twixt a wrong,

292And telling me thou do'st despair;

293love baulks at hope, when in a Tongue

294He walks abroad to take the Air.

pg 428

295If nourish hope thou ought'st not, Thou

296Do'st thy self wrong, as well as me,

297Confiscating by speaking now

298The merit of thy Secrecie.

299He, that of honour understands,

300Pain'd, hath his cure in his own hands:

301The glory of concealing it,

302The smart of suff'ring it doth quit,

303And (floranteo) for the Truth

Critical Apparatus304Of thy Affection, I should doubt it,

305But that one thing confirms me doth,

306That I desire to be without it.


floro. My Errour did not think to be

308So much beholding unto Thee:

309And faintly hop'd, from thine own mouth

310The undeceiving of my Youth.

311I, better than I look'd for, fare;

312Though I presum'd to entertain

313Some thought, that to compleat despair

314I might be help'd by thy disdain.

315Be not so prodigal of scorns,

316On me thy Rigours do not wast;

317With such a deluge of good turns

318I may grow insolent at last.

319And I to thee would owe no more,

320Meaning to dye to pay this shot,

321And set thee something on my score

322clara. I hear thee, and I hear thee not.


floro. My death will bring some good to thee

324In ridding thee of me.

clara. I doubt it:

pg 429

325Thy death will bring no good to me,

326For I'll be rid of thee without it.

Offers to go away.

floro. Into the Garden comes a Knight,


clara. Withdraw, that I may see, unseen,

329Whether, or no, he doth acquit

330The promise of his Princely Meen.

Exit floranteo.
Critical Apparatus331

clara. No Man was born to be my Husband, no Man

332Deserves a Love. For as, when this Man's scorn'd,

333His everlasting whining deafs a Woman;

334So that grows sawcy, if his Love's return'd.

335The best unjustly blames the worst of Fate,

Critical Apparatus336Is it unjust to give to all their due?

337He is a Man; enough to merit Hate:

Critical Apparatus338He loves me; that's unpardonable too.

339Nor let fair Virgins murmur at their chance

340Of being entit'led to ill luck. O dull,

341Though frequently repeated, Ignorance!

342Is't no good luck then to be beautiful?

343For if to make us happy, Men were able;

344What needed more to make us miserable?

Enter felisbravo.

fel. A second argo, fraighted

346With Fear and Avarice,

347Between the Sea and Skies

348Hath penetrated

349To the new World, unworn

350With the red footsteps of the snowy Morn;

351Thirsty of Mines,

352She comes rich back, and the curl'd Rampire past

353Of watry Mountains, cast

pg 430

354Up by the winds,

355Ungrateful shelf near home

356Gives her usurped Gold a silver Tomb.

357A devout pilgrim, who

358To forreign Temple bare

359Good pattern, fervent prayre,

360Spurr'd by a pious Vow,

361Meas'ring so large a space

362That Earth lack'd Regions for his Plants to trace;

363Joyful returns, though poor,

364And, just by his aboad,

365Falling into a Road

366Which Laws did ill secure,

367Sees plunder'd by a Thief,

368(O happier Man than I!) for 'tis his Life.

369Conspicuous grows a tree,

370Which (Wanton) did appear

371First fondling of the Year

372With smiling Braverie,

373And in his blooming pride

374The lower house of Flowers did deride:

375When his silk Robes, and fair,

376(His Youth's imbellishing

377The Crownet of a Spring,

378Narcissus of the Air)

379Rough Boreas doth confound,

380And with his Trophies strews the scorned ground:

381Trusted to tedious hope

382So many months the corn,

383Which now begins to turn

384Into a golden Crop;

385The lusty Grapes, which (plump)

386Are the last farewell of the Summers pomp;

pg 431

387(How spatious spreads the vine!

388Nurs'd up with how much care!

389She lives, she thrives, grows fair!

390'Bout her lov'd Elm doth twine)

391Comes a cold Cloud, and lays

392In one, the Fabrick of so many days:

393A silver river small

394In sweet Accents

395His Musick vents

396(The warbling Virginal

397To which the merry Birds do sing,

398Timed with stops of gold the chrystal string)

399He steals by a green Wood

400With fugitive feet

401(Gay, jolly, sweet)

402Comes me a troubled Flood,

403And scarcely one sand stays

404To be a witness of his golden days.

405The ship's up-weigh'd;

406The pilgrim made a Saint;

407Next Spring recrowns the plant;

408Winds raise the corn was laid;

409The Vine is prun'd;

410The Rivulet new tun'd;

411But in the Ill I have,

412I'm left alive only to dig my Grave.

413Lost beauty, I will dye

414But I will thee recover,

415And that I dye not instantly

416Shews me more perfect lover:

417For (my Soul gone before)

418I live not now to live but to deplore.


clara. (This is he that was more stout.)


fel. In these blind Paths I go,

421To hunt my Foe;

pg 432

422Whom having once found out,

Critical Apparatus423His Blood shall purge the soyl

Critical Apparatus424Of a short nap, and an immortal spoyl.


clara. (Well (believ't) the Man's no Fool, Aside

426Nor a boist'rous Sword-man solie:

427For Wisdom (taught in Sorrow's School)

428Is the Child of Melancholy.)


fel. Am I a Prince? or am I vile?

430Am I a refined lover?

431Am I stout? yet all this while

432Not the picture to recover?


clara. (Heav'n be juster then that he Aside

434Have a Picture had of me!)


fel. Fairest Madam, well 'tis seen

436I was ignorant indeed,

437That durst wrong so bright a Queen—


clara. (Wrong'd he me in word or deed?) Aside


fel. Yet wise enough I am to know

440Losing my painted Mistress,

441The unpainted one will after go—


clara. (Else she her self a statue is.) Aside


fel. A Voice!

clara. He has me in his Ear,

444Therefore will I my self unshroud,

445And try his Wit too—Knight.

fel. Who's there?

claridiana shows her self.

446What Heav'n! what Sun breaks through a Cloud!

Critical Apparatus447

clara. Though my presence All admit,

448Thy presumption wants much Wit,

449If, before the enterprize

pg 433

450Be wholly finish'd, thou suppose

451To pry into the Mysteries

452Which these inchanted Walls inclose.

453To tame two Dragons you account

454Is one Woman to subdue;

455But, upon an Audit, true,

456It will not to so much amount.

457lovers are heroical

458When they sigh, and when they weep,

459When before our Feet they fall,

460When they stand in studies deep.

461manhood I despise not (This,

462And justly, all the world approve)

463But show, what kind of Manhood 'tis

464Which conquers in the Wars of love:

Critical Apparatus465And, the great odds if Thou regard

Critical Apparatus466Betwixt my self and this dire Spell,

467To vanquish It Thou found'st it hard;

Critical Apparatus468But Me it is impossibel.


fel. respect may to this Dame be shown, Aside.

470Though mistresse I another call:

471For, though the Heart can lodge but one,

472civility hath Room for all.

473claridiana (Theam of fame) To Her aloud.

474I am a Man would blush my flame

475Should own an Object, but the most

476Accomplisht one the world can boast.

477And know my Spirit is so high,

478That at less Game it scorns to flye

479Then where the greatest difficulties lye.

pg 434

Critical Apparatus480This, which my lucky sword hath lately reapt,

481Was not the Victory I did design;

482Whose Valour for a shield is kept

483To bear the brunt of scorns divine.

484Over strong Spells to be victorious,

485Guilds (I must confess) a name,

486But, to submit unto a dame,

487This to me seems much more glorious.

488For there, my valour takes my part,

489My strength, and my good Sword, befriend me:

490But in this War I have no heart,

491No steel Brest-plate can defend me.

492If, first the Foe's invincible,

493And I betray'd by my own fear;

494T'o'recome how is it possible

495Where arms against my self I bear?

496In the glorying of my Love

497I abide no Competition,

498Nor in the cause whence it doth move,

499Nor of the pain in the fruition;

500Yet, so great Love my grief exceeds,

501And this grief likewise owns a chief:

502For a lost Lady my Heart bleeds,

503But't will not break, and that's my grief


clara. Equally witty, and discreet; Aside.

505He covers, but not hides his Flame;

506Holds his Game so, that I may see't,

507Yet I'll not seem to see his Game.

508With what end lov'st thou? To him.

fel. With what end!

509My Love is the perpetual moving;

510No end in loving I pretend.

511No end will ever make of loving.

pg 435

512Love is of Love the only scope:

513Love scorneth to be mercenary:

514You find not such a word as Hope

515In the Lovers Dictionary.

516Nay, love alone doth scandal me:

517For the silent'st and most wise,

Critical Apparatus518From sights, from peeping is not free

519Out at the casements of the eyes.

520See, 'twill now, and now 'twill hear;

521And the least of joy it gits,

522Whether at the Eye, or Ear,

523Puts it clean beside the wits.

524First know, I have a Misteriss;

525Then, that to her true Faith I bear:

526And, where Faith once through kindled is,

527Superfluous are the senses there.


clara. Hop'st thou nothing?

fel. Nothing I

529Either hope, or yet desire.

530Yet I do, to live and dye

531In this elemental fire.

532She, in her self, is proof 'gainst all:

533Then, for me to aim at her,

534Were to add a Brazen Wall;

535So successless is my Star.

Critical Apparatus536Nor so alone in things of Love;

537But my Life over and above,

538Because on her it doth depend,

539I have no power to make it end.

540And (the full Case to understand)

541My Life and Death, because in fine

542Love hath put them in her hand,

Critical Apparatus543Both, are therefore out of mine.

pg 436544

clara. From the mark I shot not wide, Aside.

545When him of folly I did quit:

546For the sharp sword that arms his side

547Hath much to envy in his wit.

548'Tis not against Majesty

549His discretion to approve;

550Nor, if his good parts I spy,

551Must it presently be love.

552His goodly shape, his flowing meen,

553His talk, and what his valour wrought,

554May claim attention from a queen,

555Yet ne're sink deeper in her thought.

556A leaning (knight) I do confess—

Enter zelidaura and roselinda in the habit of Shepherdesses, their Faces muffled with silver Scarfs.

zel. In this Countrey-tone and dress

558Disguised rudely, safe we are.


ros. Man-like bent to feats of War

560Of a Woman's left in thee

561Only Curiositie.

562What boots it thee to understand

563Who a Man is?

zel. What doth't boot?

564When I my picture found in's hand,

565And now may opportunely do't?


clara. Lies your happiness in this, To felisbravo.

567To overcome the other Knight?


fel. Madam, all my life and bliss,


clara. In the name of mars then, fight—

570Who grant (say!) thou maist subdue! Aside.

zelidaura spies them together.

zel. Bless me! who is this I see?

572(Is it—'Tis not—) Ah! 'tis he:

573With claridiana too:

pg 437

Critical Apparatus574O Sigh! base brat, not of the Royal Mind, She sighs.

575With which I'm lin'd,

576But of this Clown's false cover

577I have drawn over.

578What matters it?—Much, the contempt—In Love

579The least misprission doth High Treason prove.

580This hath a tang of Jealousie.

581I, disorder'd? Plaintiff, I?

582Should any thing the Heav'ns beneath,

583Make me a mean complaint to breath!

584I, resentments! I, in wroth!

Critical Apparatus585I, concern'd in breach of Troth!

586I, who to make fond love depart,

587Hung padlocks on my Eyes, and Heart.

588Though in this war, I feel beginning,

589I doubt not in the end of winning

Critical Apparatus590The victory; one moments wasting

591This way, I pay with blushes everlasting.

592claridoro scorn'd, and curb'd,

593Not for neglect, but too much Love?

594Am I asleep to one I have disturb'd?

595Doth one, that sleeps at me, my Larum prove?

596Odd figaries hath this cupid;

597Strangely kill'd, and strangely born;

598If kindness make him dull and stupid,

599And if that he be rows'd with scorn.

600But what have I to do with LOVE,

601And the frailer woman's Law?


clara. Women are there in this grove?

603Then 'tis time that I withdraw.


fel. 'Twas for manners I forbore Aside.

605To take leave of her before.

606Ah! zelidaura, (Mistress fair)

607No joy is, but where you are.

pg 438608

clara. Of Valour thou maist justly boast, Aside.

609That conquer'st wheresoe're thou go'st.

claridiana goes away by degrees casting looks back at him.

zel. So is split in twain a river,

611And the streams (bound sev'ral ways)

612In a kind of am'rous maze

613Back at one another gaze:

614As this melting Couple sever.


clara. Inclination, not so fast:

616For from me one gracious look,

617Speaks more in that diminutive book,

618Then other Women in a volume vast.

619From me then (love) enough is wrung:

620For where honour tyes the tongue,

621She, who doth a Suppliant hear,

622Makes him answer with her Ear.

623Knight, to overcome endeavour, To him.


fel. Lady, I shall do't, or dye.


clara. Disinchanted, more than ever Aside.

626Re-inchanted now, am I.

Exit claridiana.

zel. Just there, where I did point thee, stay:

628But come, if any bend this way.


ros. Alone you'll be, if I am gone.


zel. By my self, is not alone.


ros. True: The Man doth still remain.


zel. Then, I am alone again.

Exit roselinda.

633I'll see, whether his wit keep pace

634With his valour, garb, and face.

Editor’s Note635

fel. What a spanking labradora!

Critical Apparatus636

zel. Yow (th'unkent Knight) Godyegudmora!

pg 439637

fel. (The time of day thou dost mistake)


zel. —And joy

fel. Of what?

zel. That I discover,

639By a sure sign, yow are awake.


fel. Awake?—the sign?

zel. Yowr being a Lover


fel. In love am I?

zel. And very deep.


fel. Deep in love? how is that seen?


zel. Perfectly: yow do not sleep.


fel. Rustick Excellence, unskreen,

645And discover that sweet face,

646Which covers so much Wit and Grace.


zel. Yow but dreamt so: sleep agin,

648And forget it.

fel. Why now (Saint?)


zel. Why? the lady, that went in,

650Lukes, as if that she did paint.


fel. What has that to do with sleeping?

652She is, indeed, Angelical.


zel. That Picture now's well worth yowr keeping:

654For why? 'tis an original.


fel. Is this Shepherdess a Witch?

656Or saw the sleeping Treason, which

657I committed against love,

658Erst, in the inchanted Grove?

659Me, hast thou ever seen, before?


zel. Seen? I, and know thee, for a Man

661That will turn him, and sleep more

662Than a dozen Dunces can.

663Thou kenst little, what Sighs mean!


fel. Unveil (by jove) that Face serene.


zel. What, to make thee sleep agene?

pg 440666

fel. Still, in Riddles!

zel. Now, he sees: Aside.

667This pinching wakes him by degrees.


fel. Art thou a Nymph?

zel. Of parnass-green.


fel. Sleep I, indeed? or am I mad?


zel. None serve thee, but th'inchawnted queen?

671I think what dull conceipts y'have had,

672Of the Bird phoenix, which no Eye

673E're saw, an odoriferous Lye.

674How, of her Beauties spells, she's told;

675That by her spirit thow art hawnted;

676And, having slept away the old,

677With this new Mistress worse inchawnted.


fel. I affect not, Shepherdess,

679My self in such fine terms t'express;

680Suffizeth me, an humble strain:

681Too little happy, to be vain!


zel. Sir Gallant, not so fast.


fel. See thee I will. He offers at her Scarf.

zel. See me yow shall:

684But, towch not Fruit, yow mun not tast.

685What says it, now the leaf doth fall.

Unmuffles her self.

fel. It says, 'tis worthy to comprize

687The kernel of so rare a Wit:

688Nor, that it grows in paradice,

689But Paradice doth grow in it!

690The tall and slender trunk no less divine,

691Though in a lowly Shepherdesse's rine!

692This should be that so famous Queen, Aside.

693For unquell'd Valour, and disdain.

694In these inchanted woods is seen

695Nothing but Illusions vain!

pg 441696

zel. What stares the Man at?

fel. I compare

697A Picture, I once mine did call,

698With the divine Original.


zel. Fall'n asleep again yow are.

700We, poor humane Shepherd-lasses,

701Nor are pictur'd, nor use Glasses.

702"Who skip their rank doe 'mselves, and Betters wrong:

703"T' our Dames (God bless them) such queint things belong.

704Here, a tiny Brook alone,

705Which, freng'd with borrowed Flowers (he has

706Gold and Siller enough on's own)

707Is heavens proper Looking-glass,

708Copies us; and Its reflections

709Shewing natural perfections,

710Free from soothing, free from Errour;

711Are our Pencil, are our Mirrour.


fel. Art thou a Shepherdess?

zel. And bore

713On a Mountain called, There—


fel. Wear'st thou ever hertofore

715lady's Cloaths?

zel. I lady's Gear?

716Yes (What a treach'rous powl have I!)

717In a countrey-comedy

718I once enacted a main part

719(Still I have it half by heart)

720The famous history it was

721Of an arabian—(let me see)

722No, of a Queen of tartaree:

723Who all her Sex did far surpass

724In Beauty, Wit, and Chivalree:

725Who, with invincible disdain,

726Would fool, when she was in the vain,

pg 442

727Princes, with all their Wits about them;

728But, and they slept, to death she'd flout them:

729And, by the Mass, with such a Meen

730My Majesty did play the Queen:

731Our Curate had my Picture made

732In the same Robes in which I Play'd.


fel. And what's thy name?

zel. laura, forsooth.


fel. O pleasant Play, and bitter truth!

735That I, who dreamt of zelidaura,

Critical Apparatus736Should wake, should wake, and find her laura!

737O beauteous Counterfeit of Majesty! Aside.

738nature what made thee make so fair a Lye?

739Where is that crowned Beauty now become?

Critical Apparatus740That Lyon's Courage, kindling at a Drum?

741Those manly Deeds? Those Papps, which Armour Prest?

742achilles once more in a Kercher drest?

743semiramis 'is Mode, who not with Box,

744But Teeth of laurel, comb'd her golden Locks?

745Where, my heroick and dear Flame, which sprang

746From Painters Pencil, and a Captives Tongue?

747Consum'd to ashes of a Rustick Love,

748Rude Goddess of these Rocks, and this wild Grove?

749Is't come to this? I then absolve thee, sleep;

750And blame my high thoughts, that so low could creep.

751To tartary will I, But I am mad

752If I do love that Queen, unless she add

753This Beauty to those Virtues; and shall rave

754If both this Body, and that Soul, she have.


zel. What stands he mutt'ring to himself? May be Aside.

756He likes me not. If he sought after me

757Under the notion of a queen, I'd have

758Him find me a mean Shepherdess: I save

759My Honour so. The Traitor shall not think

760He (zelidaura in his hand) could wink.

761Hence Women learn, for all your lovers brags,

762Men are no friends to Beauty cloath'd in Rags.

pg 443

763If Beauty strike love's Fire, why should it, less,

764Than in a queen, plac'd in a shepherdess?

765Nor does; but (when it seems the World to set

766On fire) where dowry wants, the tinder's wet.

767Mought I entreat yowr Worships Name, To Him

768And the bus'ness yow have here?


fel. Squire of a forreign Prince I am,

770Who to this glorious Theatre


zel. Not a Master? By my troth

772My own tongues end it was upon:

773A mischief take thee, by thy sloth

774I though thou were a Zerving-mon.


fel. No more that string.

zel. He goes conceal'd:

776A Knight he is I'm certain; At Aside.

777Th' Inchanted Castle I saw that;

778And, by his garb too, 'tis reveal'd.

779Follows he (saidst thou) this Emprize? To Him


fel. In love, upon the score of Fame,

781With the most accomplisht dame

782That ever murther'd Man with Eyes,

783And the Worlds greatest Queen; to this

784Inchantment came he, where an envious Thief

785(The Coward Rival of his Bliss)

786Found means to rob him of his chief

787Delight, and Glory, in that thing

788From which his most Heroick thoughts did spring.

Critical Apparatus789

zel. O Usage, courser than my Coat, and more

790Then I could bear, were I as Lambkin meek!

791That one, who zelidaura wore,

792Should clarid'ana seek!

pg 444

793'Tis to apostatize from Reason,

794To think more of him. Treason! Treason!

795To enter my Benevolence,

796At the back-gate of an Offence!

Enter roselinda.

ros. claridoro comes—he's here:

798Muffle thee quickly.

zel. What disgust?


fel. One, to be born a Mountaneer,

800That ows such Beauty? how unjust!—

Critical Apparatus801Who is't?

zel. A Man, of whom I stand

802In awe a little.

fel. (O, that hand!—)

803Rural Goddess, keep'st thou Sheep?


zel. Yes, and myself I better keep.

Enter claridoro.

claro. I'd love without reward, and cannot do't,

Critical Apparatus806To love, is Love's Reward; I would endure

807For her, what not? and that such joy to boot

Critical Apparatus808That in my smart I play the epicure.

Critical Apparatus809I pray 'gainst Life, and with the self same breath

810Unpray that Pray'r, lest it the gods should hear

Critical Apparatus811'Tis to be out of pain; I then fly death,

812And Valour councels me what others fear.

813If I do live, my wound may seem but slight;

814And if I dye, loves trophy I remove:

Critical Apparatus815To live, 's to pine; to dye, 's to lose her sight;

816My two supporters then, are Grief and Love:

817For where Grief's Dropsie, and Love's Feaver strive,

Critical Apparatus818Though either kill, both often keep alive.

pg 445819

zel. In fine, aspir'st thou to be glorious To felisbravo.

820By conqu'ring thy Competitor?


fel. 'Tis that my Love contendeth for.


zel. O, maist thou never prove victorious! Aside.

823But do: for mine own self, I conquer will,

824And whom thou conquer'st then, it doth not skill.

claridoro turns and sees them.

claro. What's this? what see I there? Is't not

826zelidaure, who (meanly clad)

827Hath her own Majesty forgot,

828And affronts my Love too bad?

829What jealous thoughts surprize me? I do fear

830She (bent to Arms) affects the Valianter:

831But he was not so; if to dare things high

832Be Valour, who was valianter than I?

833I, who her first of Alms am yet to gain,

834Of her facility shall I complain?

835Was not enough for me my own distress,

836But I must dye of others happiness?

837My Soul contending with so many Foes,

838I would not have it sink with Envy's blows.

839"More gen'rous wounds were made for nobler Hearts,

840"And in base blood are steep'd pale envy's darts.

841Thus, jealous I should be, and know not how.

842envy I could, but envy disallow:

843Then must I bear it? must I? let me think—

844'Twere monst'rous tameness to look on and wink,

845Nor love, nor honour, such a Scene approve:

846I'll chide then, mixt yet with respect and Love.

847Ho! Shepherdess, is this well done To Her

848To mind thy Recreation

849In Gardens, whilst another way

850Thy flock doth on the mountain stray?

851Although head-shepherd thou have not,

852Yet nothing is by gadding got.

853Perdie, to see thee in this plain,

854Grypes many a sprunt and jolly Swain,

pg 446

855Back to the field, and Brooks return,

856And Pastures graz'd in heretoforn,

857Nor mell with any others sheep,

858Sith thou a flock of mine do'st keep.

859Nor Thee, th'ambition of whose fire To Him.

860Doth (soaring) to a queen aspire.

861Beseems it stoop from so high place,

862A Rustick Shepherdess to chase.


zel. How courteously the cares that do him press

864He hath cut out, and measur'd by my dress.


fel. In rustick phrase his jealousie

Critical Apparatus866Of her he vents, and piks at me.

867Then I suspected not in vain

868He stole the Picture, in the face

869(When he espy'd it) reading plain

870The features of this rural grace.

871Undoubtedly she is his own—

872You will not now, Sir, face me down, To claridoro.

873But that, when I bad watch did keep

874(Surpriz'd, e're by the foe, by sleep)

875Thy treach'rous Envy came and stole

876(Not more out of my hand than soul)

877A Jewel which I then call'd mine,

878Though much despise it since 'tis thine.

879Yet must and will I have it back,

880Not that I It esteem, or lack;

881For, the whole gust, I take therein,

882Is, now, to take 't from thee again.


claro. I think thou are not yet awake,

884But I shall rowse thee—Do'st thou stare?


zel. A truer word yow never spake:

Critical Apparatus886He sleeps with spread Eyen like a Hare.

pg 447

Critical Apparatus887Traitor I'll be reveng'd— Aside.

claro. Rude Man!


zel. Must I step in to part you than? Aside.

889If I do rear it, on my word,

890This hook shall be a two-hand-sword—

This she must say Majestically like a Queen, without felisbravo's perceiving it.

891Hold both, or I—


claro. Though not thy Quarrel, mine I understand— To felisbravo.


zel. Hold, claridoro: It is I command— To claridoro.


fel. In fine, do'st thou deny it still?— To zelidaura.


claro. I obey thy unjust will.

Enter claridiana and floranteo, with Attendants.

clara. zelidaura was't you said,

897Like to a Shepherdess array'd?—

Turns and sees them quarrelling

898Swords drawn i'th' Garden? who are we?—


floro. Why Gentlemen, it cannot be,

900Whilst yet th' Inchantment is not brought

901T' an end, in court a Duel fought

902Unlicenc'd? when with licence too

903Ye may the same thing shortly doe?


claro. I come— To felisbravo.

fel. Or do but stand me there— To claridoro.


zel. I'm rent with doubt.

clara. I dye with fear.


floro. Provide ye Arms, and fight it out— To both.


zel. (O how fiery!

clara. O how stout!)


claro. I never provide any thing—

909Within me I of all am stor'd—


fel. And I both a sharp stomach bring,

911And a long knife to fall abord.

Fight again.
pg 448912

zel. How implacable!

clara. How cruel

913They do a fresh in Battail join!


zel. May neither conquer in this Duel.


clara. Yes, one! and then the Conquest's mine.

Editor’s Note916

zel. In either Valour doth abound.


clara. Discretion is in neither found.


zel. With thee how little I perswade? To claridoro.

clara. Our Guard!

919Of Monarchs that Last Reason will be heard.

She stamps, and sallying out, the Guard parts them.

claro. Madam, if now you stop our rage—


fel. The promis'd Combat

clara. Take our gage—

Throws her Glove to felisbravo. Exeunt claridoro, and felisbravo at several doors, and claridiana turns to floranteo

922Woud'st thou have me believe a Queen, whose name To floranteo.

Critical Apparatus923In Tryumph sits over the wings of fame,

924Lurks now disguis'd in arabie?

925floro. If her such manly virtue decks,

926That she's the wonder of her Sex,

927Were't not another wonder, she

928(Greedy of Knowledge, as of Arms)

929Should leave unseen these sights, and charms,

Critical Apparatus930Thy Realm too being so neer her own?

Critical Apparatus931

clara. Withdraw I'll talk with her alone.

Exit floranteo.

ros. claridiana this way doth make

933To speak with thee—

zel. Two short words take—

934Your Count'nance hold, what e're you hear;

935Stop your mouth, and ope your ear.


clara. Hola! sprightly Shepherdess.


zel. What commands thy Ladyness?


clara. Discover, by thy life, that face.

Editor’s Note939

zel. Now (by the facks) this of your grace

pg 449

940Needs no comfort, nor no foyl,

941For Skies and Meads it doth revile.

942Or see (if thow mun needs have one

Critical Apparatus943To set it off) yon cloudless Sun!

Critical Apparatus944Then for thy Beauty (challenging

945Of Heav'n the witness principal)

946O're me a Gloria to sing,

947Would prove a conquest very small.


clara. Art thou fowl?

zel. But envious not,

Critical Apparatus949And so civil (markst Thow that?)

950That to acknowledge I'm not squeemish

951Her to be fair, who hath no blemish,

952Nor, where it is, will hit a Blot.


clara. Whom loves an ugly woman best?


zel. An uglier woman—Wos't well guest?


clara. Thou, a Shepherdess? Prompt Lass,

956What is thy Bus'ness in the Place?


zel. Marry (no Treason 'tis I ween)

958To zee the fair inchawnted queen,

959And the brave dundring of Alarms:

960For, from my very Nurses arms,

961According to our Country word,

962I lov'd the slish-slash of a Sword.


clara. Loe, half thy Errand! I am she:

964And therefore, give consent that we

965Our Eye too with the sight may bless

966Of so divine a shepherdesse.


zel. Highness, mock on:—Behold the Wight!

968Takes off her silver Scarf.


clara. O Golden Morn of Silver Night!

970What modest confidence! quick Air!

971What Spirit! what excess of fair!

972What queint, and more than courtly dress!

973What exquisite neglectedness

974Of those curling billowy Locks

975Flowing round two Ivory Rocks!

pg 450

975What hands! that have to take their part

976Not care it self (so far from Art)

977Yet conquer all the World: wherein

978A red Soul peeps through the white Skin!

979sol might envy her least grace.


zel. I knew, yow'd mock me to my face.

981How easily are People got

982To praise, that which they envy not?

983I am not yet a Clown so much,

984But when I see yowr Beauty such,

985I find, into my crown yow beat

986The part, I should to yow repeat.

987Nothing beneath, or in the Sky

988Holds beautiful when yow are by:

989Possessing not so much in common,

990As Envy, with an ugly woman:

991But, when the splendor of your Rays

992Is more than all the World can praise,

993Releasing much of what should come to you,

994Yow pay to all the World above their due.


clara. A new delight her words provoke

996By the rare grace with which they'r spoke.


zel. I know, why lady likes my wit;

998And why my Face remains her debter.


clara. Why?

zel. I know—

clara. Then out with it.


zel. Vaith, because her own are better.

1001I'd have all fair ones discommend

1002My Face; I would upon my word.


clara. Why so, my understanding friend?


zel. O! then, they are with Envy slurd.


clara. But Envy croaks, and Snake-like stings—


zel. Believe me (Princess) no such matter:

1007No Sycophant so sweetly sings:

1008"For she that envies me, doth flatter.

pg 451

1009"This back-hand praise goes homest still,

1010"'Tis strucken with so good a will.


clara. envy is Adulation then?


zel. Thou hitst the Nail on the head right:

1013And I have heard from Book-learn'd Men,

Critical Apparatus1014"'Tis courtly Rudeness, and kind spight.


clara. Prethee, what wouldst thou counsel me to doe,

1016If use for Goodness envy should pursue?


zel. Be ten times better than thou wert before,

1018That envy may pursue thee ten times more.

1019That is the way which I affect,

Critical Apparatus1020No treason lurks, no malice there,

1021If I my self alone correct,

1022To be at full reveng'd on Her.


clara. In every point she doth perform—


zel. Envy, a piteous creeping worm!

1025"A brave, and happy Pride it is,

1026"To envy neither worth, nor bliss


clara. Do'st thou happily know love?


zel. Who is his Worship? Is it not

1029A forreign Prince, who, they said, dy'd above

1030A twelve-month sin of a great Cold he got?

1031Yes, by hear-say, I do know him,

1032Not that any spleen I owe him

1033For mischief he to me, or mine hath done:

1034Though I have heard a long-long-while agon

1035The court he troubled, and the countrey spoyl'd,

1036Till he both court and countrey was exil'd.


clara. Do'st thou not Love?

zel. A Question

1038To ask a fool, have I not youth?

pg 4521039

clara. Whom lov'st thou then?

zel. My sell alone—

1040Nay, I have a curious tooth—

1041Love? what a base disgraceful word!

1042The sound is harsh and shrill.

1043Lyes all the Valour in the Sword?

1044No conquest o're the Will?

1045Nor it a decent part hold I

1046(So much unto my self I owe)

1047To speak of that thing knowingly,

1048I do not, nor I will not know—

1049But do yow love?

clara. What is to Love?

Critical Apparatus1050

zel. To deny't.

clara. A Rustick lasse?

Critical Apparatus1051Hard question to one bred in Court't would prove—

Critical Apparatus1052

zel. Not when she's in her Teens my word I'll pass.

1053If yow do love, with wound'rous Care

1054Hide that unfortunate disease:

Critical Apparatus1055For (feggs) declar'd Affections are

Critical Apparatus1056The Mother of Unthankfulness.

Critical Apparatus1057I knew a Gallant (from zuch keep)

1058Who, having zome how made his prize,

Critical Apparatus1059Of a Dame's Picture, dropt asleep

1060With that Sun shining in his Eyes.

Critical Apparatus1061

clara. Troth, let them sleep or let them watch,

1062All Men alike are cheap with me:

1063To whom (for favours none they catch)

1064They never can ungrateful be.

pg 453

1065From Love (a contemptible Foe!)

1066My retreat make I by broad-day,

1067And look on Suitors just as though

1068They were Mad Lovers in a Play:

Critical Apparatus1069No. Fear not me, in such a way.


zel. Kenn'st thou the Tow're where Confidence doth dwell?

1071repentance lives hard by in a low Cell.


clara. Ill dissembling Shepherdess

1073(For now dissemble Shepherdesses too)

1074If thy Courtesie's not less

1075Than thy Beauty, thy Name shew.

1076By my Life.

zel. A powerful Spell!

1077This now would make a Gallants heart

1078Leap out, much more his name

clara. Well, well,

1079Tell me both what, and who, thou art.


zel. Fairest claridiana, than,

1081I say I am no Shepherdess


clara. A Woman asks not like a Man—

Critical Apparatus1083Tell me thy Name—

zel. I am—(suppress

1084My Name I will—) a great Lord's Daughter,

1085Nor a less Soldier, taking after

1086My Father so much, that his Trade

1087I follow in the Mountain-shade:

1088For such do I take hunting for;

1089Not counterfeit, but substitute of war.

1090Rev'rence I bear to thy Command—

1091But, Madam, do not ask me more:

1092The Keys are in a sullen hand,

1093And Porter Silence keeps the dore.

pg 4541094

clara. I will not press thee 'gainst thy Mind:

1095But since thy Soul hath manly scope,

1096And that great mars, and phoebus (joyn'd)

1097Are Masters of thy horoscope.

1098I will that thou, in habit fit,

1099Come streight to witness with thine Eyes;

1100And by Our Self in Judgement sit

Critical Apparatus1101Betwixt the Valiant, and the Wise:

1102And I shall then make my Election

1103More by thy vote, than my own Eye;

1104"For more (and chiefly in affection)

1105"Than Gamesters, see the Standers by.


zel. Madam, my part is to be rul'd.

1107To whether stand'st thou most inclin'd?


clara. To him that loves me most.


zel. I should

1110To him that bears the bravest mind.


clara. My liking upon thine depends—

1112(Thus I shall dive into her ends.) Aside.


zel. I'll study the contentment of your grace

1114(But (with your leave) mine own in the first place.) Aside.


Notes Settings


Critical Apparatus
14 mine] my M
Critical Apparatus
16 rue] weepe M
Critical Apparatus
41 I must] ? must I M
Critical Apparatus
72 Age] her M
Critical Apparatus
84 imagin'd but] imagined M
Editor’s Note
l. 87. shelf. Reef, as threatening shipwreck.
S.D. after l. 609 expanded by Fanshawe.
Critical Apparatus
96 principaller] principallist M
Critical Apparatus
304 should] would M
Critical Apparatus
331–4] No man was borne to be admitted—no man / Deserves a love, for as if one be scornd / His importunity worries a woman / So his presumption's killd, if love's return'd M
Critical Apparatus
336 'tis not misfortune to receave ones due M
Critical Apparatus
338–9] He loves, too much to be forgiven too. / Much less let beauties mourne their common chance M
Critical Apparatus
423 purge] wash M
Critical Apparatus
424 nap] slepe M
Critical Apparatus
447 my] our M
Critical Apparatus
465 Thou] you M
Critical Apparatus
466 my] our M
Critical Apparatus
468 Me] us M
Critical Apparatus
480 hath] did M
Critical Apparatus
480 reapt] reape M
Critical Apparatus
518 sights] sighs M, sights 1670
Critical Apparatus
536 so] that M
Critical Apparatus
543 out of] farr from M
Critical Apparatus
574 [S.D. wanting in 1670 and M, entered in Lady Fanshawe's autograph.]
Critical Apparatus
585 Troth] faith M
Critical Apparatus
590 wasting] wrastling M
Editor’s Note
l. 635. spanking. In the modern, slang sense. First recorded use, cf. Eric Partridge, A Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English (revised edn., London, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1961).
Critical Apparatus
636 et seq. [Rustic spelling not in M]
Critical Apparatus
736 her] it M
Critical Apparatus
740 kindling] firing M
Critical Apparatus
789–90] o baser then my rustique weeds and more / then I could beare, were I then these more meeke M
Critical Apparatus
801 A Man,] One M
Critical Apparatus
806 To] for M
Critical Apparatus
808 smart] griefe M
Critical Apparatus
809] I pray for death, and a new reason makes mee M
Critical Apparatus
811–13] for tis to shun an ill; then courage takes me / the part of life, and votes the same with feare. / If I doe live: my griefe in doubt I bring M
Critical Apparatus
815] To dy's to scape, to live a stupid thing, M
Critical Apparatus
818] though either's mortall, both may keepe alive. M
Critical Apparatus
866 piks] piks M, pike 1670
Critical Apparatus
886 Eyen] eyes M
Critical Apparatus
887–9] zel. Traitour I'le be reveng'd today / claro. —Proude zel. —If I reave it on my word M
Editor’s Note
ll. 916–21. Supplied by Fanshawe, not in the Spanish text.
Critical Apparatus
923 over] upon M
Critical Apparatus
930 her] his 1670, hir M
Critical Apparatus
931 talk with] question M
Editor’s Note
l. 939. facks. Dialect corruption of 'faith'. Cf. Partridge, Dictionary of Slang. l. 1055. feggs. Also corruption of 'faith'.
Critical Apparatus
943 yon] that M
Critical Apparatus
944 thy] your M
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949 markst Thow] marke you M
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1014 courtly Rudeness] courteous baseness M
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1020 lurks,] workes M
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1050 lasse] this M
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1051 one bred in Court] a Dame M
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1052] zel. not after shee a woman is M
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1055 (feggs)] (fecks) M
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1056 Unthankfulness] ungratefulnes M
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1057–60] I knew a double dealer once / (take heed you meet not such a guest) / got a Dame's Picture and his bones / (the Paunche being full) were streight at rest M
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1059 Of] But 1670 [Lady Fanshawe's correction]
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1061 sleep] rest M
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1069 No.] omitted in M
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1083 [stage direction supplied by Lady Fanshawe]
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1101] which Knight's more valiant and more wise. M
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