Gary Taylor and John Lavagnino (eds), Thomas Middleton, Vol. 2: Thomas Middleton and Early Modern Textual Culture: A Companion to the Collected Works

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pg 498THE WHOLE ROYAL AND MAGNIFICENT ENTERTAINMENTEdited by R. Malcolm Smuts

Four separate published accounts of James I's triumphant entry into London on 15 March 1604 appeared within about three months of the event: Thomas Dekker's Magnificent Entertainment, Ben Jonson his Part of King James his Royal and Magnificent Entertainment, Stephen Harrison's Arches of Triumph and Gilbert Dugdale's Triumph of Time. While it was common in early modern Europe to commemorate great public ceremonies like James's coronation entry with a printed volume, the appearance of four different tracts about one event was distinctly unusual. The explanation for the proliferation of texts appears to lie partly in a professional rivalry between Dekker and Jonson and partly in the ambitions of Harrison and Dugdale. Of all the authors, Dekker came closest to furnishing a complete account, including a narrative framework and transcripts not only of the speeches he himself composed, but also one by Middleton at the sixth arch, and four Latin orations delivered by the Recorder of London, a student of the Merchant Taylors' School and representatives of the communities of Dutch and Italian merchants. His volume also briefly describes Jonson's pageants, leaving out the speeches, which could easily have been incorporated, however.

Unfortunately, Dekker and Jonson had satirized each other during the so-called war of the theatres and remained on bad terms. They also differed philosophically in their approach to the entry, in ways that affected both the narrative style and the typographical layout of the text. Although we do not know the exact circumstances, it is therefore easy to understand why collaborative publication proved impossible. Instead of supplying Dekker with copies of his speeches Jonson rushed into print with a volume containing his three pageants for the 15 March entry, along with a Panegyre delivered at the opening of James's first Parliament four days later and an earlier Entertainment of the Queen and Prince at Althorp. This volume was entered in the Stationers' Register on 19 March by Edward Blount, as 'A part of the king's majesties right royal and magnificent entertainment through his honorable city of London the 15 of March 1603; so much as was presented in the first and last of their triumphal arches. With a speech made for the presentation in the Strand erected at the charges of the lords knights gentlemen and other the inhabitants of the City of Westminster with the liberties of the Duchy of Lancaster, both done by Benjamin Jonson.' The printers recorded on the title-page were V. Simmes and G. Eld. Jonson's decision to publish his speeches for the coronation entry together with the 'Pangeyre' and 'Althorp Entertainment' looks like a further attempt to emphasize his association with the new King and royal court, thus upstaging his rival.

Dekker's volume was entered in the Stationers' Register about a fortnight later on 2 April, by Thomas Man the younger, as 'A book called The Magnificent Entertainment given to King James, Queen Anne his wife and Henry Frederick the Prince Upon the Day of his Majesty's Triumphant Passage from the Tower through his Honorable City and Chamber of London the 15 of March 1603.' On May 14 the Stationer's Company ordered Blount to sell the 400 copies of Ben Jonson his Part remaining in his possession to Man, at the rate of six shillings a ream, the combined cost of paper and printing. This decision most likely represents a settlement between the two publishers, allowing Man to eliminate the competition from Blount's book, while covering Blount's costs and allowing him to realize a profit on any copies already sold. In any case, Man thereafter had sole rights over both publications.

Dugdale's tract was registered with the Stationers' Company on 27 March, by Ralph Blore or Blower 'under the hands of Master Hartwell and the Wardens'. The title was listed as 'The Time Triumphant or the True Model As Well of the King's Majesty's First Coming into England as Also his Royal Progress from the Tower through the City the 15 of March 1603 to his Highness' Manor of Whitehall.' The publisher was J. Windet (STC 12863). It looks very much like a freelance effort to capitalize on public demand for works relating to the new King and the ceremonial events marking the opening of his reign. Dugdale wrote from the perspective of a spectator following the royal procession on foot and seeking to grasp the meaning of pageants often seen from a distance. He had no access to the speeches recorded by Dekker and Jonson, and generally gives a very sketchy account of the main pageants. He does record a few details mentioned in no other accounts, however, such as an appearance by saints George and Andrew near the Fenchurch Street arch. He provides a less stylized account than Dekker of both the crowd's response to the royal family and James's sometimes brusque reaction to the crowd; and he gives complete transcripts of two speeches ignored by the other volumes that do not seem to have been part of the official pageantry at all but probably originated in efforts by individuals or small groups to welcome the King in their own way.

Harrison's beautiful folio, which was never registered with the Stationers, must have been considerably more expensive than any of the other volumes. Its elaborate title-page and seven additional engravings by William Kip (and others?) also took longer to prepare, delaying pg 499publication probably until June. Harrison incorporated text verbatim from both Dekker and Jonson, including the major pageant speeches, to which he added his own prefatory material and a few passages explaining architectural features of the arches. His relations with Dekker—who supplied one of two commendatory poems at the start of the volume—seem to have been excellent. His decision to publish separately almost certainly derived from a desire to preserve a permanent visual record of the arches he had designed, something that an unillustrated quarto could not achieve. The title-page states that Arches of Triumph was sold directly from Harrison's house in Lime Street, indicating that he had underwritten the costs of publication.

The text presented here, The Whole Royal and Magnificent Entertainment, with the Arches of Triumph, derives primarily from Dekker. We have, however, substituted Jonson's descriptions of his pageants at Fenchurch Street, Temple Bar and the Strand, while adding three textual passages and the engraved illustrations from Harrison, and a list of the order of the royal procession from a manuscript among the State Papers Domestic in the Public Record Office, London (sp14/6, item 97). This source material has been rearranged to produce a sequential narrative, with Dekker's summaries of Jonson's pageants and portions of Dugdale's tract incorporated in the commentary or as additional passages. The commentary also draws upon a manuscript Wardrobe account for the entry (Public Record Office LC2/4(5)). The arrangement of the source materials within the text is as follows:

  • 1–95: Harrison, preliminary materials.

  • 96–199: Manuscript, 'True Order of His Majesty's Proceeding'.

  • 200–451: Dekker, initial description of the entry and account of the cancelled pageant beyond Bishopsgate.

  • 451–98: Harrison, description of the first arch at Fenchurch, called Londinium.

  • 499–865: Jonson, account of the Fenchurch arch and pageant.

  • 866–2218: Dekker, accounts of the second through sixth arches and oration at St Paul's school.

  • 2218–43: Harrison, account of the seventh arch, The Templum Jani, at Temple Bar.

  • 2244–643: Jonson, account of the arch and pageant at Temple Bar and the pageant in the Strand.

  • 2644–725: Dekker, concluding materials.

  • 2726–92: Harrison, 'Lectori Candido' postscript.

  • A: Dugdale, account of the events at the Tower.

  • B: Dekker, account of the Fenchurch arch and pageant.

  • C: Dugdale, incident during the Italians' Pageant.

  • D: Dugdale, speech at the Conduit.

  • E: Dekker, account of the arch and pageant at Temple Bar.

  • F: Dekker, account of the pageant in the Strand.

All the volumes incorporated in our text have a relatively uncomplicated history, except for Dekker's Magnificent Entertainment. Ben Jonson his Part was not reissued until the appearance of the Folio Works published by stansby in 1616 (STC 14751). As Herford and Simpson point out, a number of careless mistakes in the Latin of the Folio text show that Jonson did not bother to read it before the printing. We have therefore used the original simmes-eld quarto (STC 14756; BEPD 200) as our control-text, while making a few emendations on the basis of the stansby Folio and the second Folio of 1640 published by R. bishop (STC 14753). Herford and Simpson collated eleven copies of the original quarto, recording a number of variants reproduced below, virtually all involving no more than minor differences in spelling and punctuation or the correction of obvious mistakes. As part of the process of modernization we have expanded many of the abbreviations in Jonson's marginal notes to make them more intelligible. We have also altered a handful of citations where Jonson's reference does not correspond to modern editions of the text he was citing, noting the changes in the textual notes. We have not, however, corrected other apparent discrepancies, such as rearrangements in the word order of Latin titles, since these may provide clues to the edition Jonson used or evidence that he was citing texts from memory. Throughout our text, Latin ligatures and accents have been eliminated, in conformity with modern usage, except where they appear to reproduce typographical features of inscriptions on the arches.

The engravings in Arches of Triumph were reissued without the text by J. Sudbury and G. Humble in 1613 but thereafter the work was not reprinted until 1829, when John Nichols included it in volume 1 of Progresses of James I. We have used the 1604 edition as our control-text. Dugdale's volume also was not reprinted until Nichols's Progresses of James I. Edward Arber included a modern-spelling edition in The English Garner (1871), subsequently re-edited by C. H. Firth in Stuart Tracts 16031693, the volume we have consulted. Both Nichols and Firth occasionally took liberties with the text, whose convoluted syntax and printing errors admittedly present numerous problems. We have used the 1604 blower quarto (STC 7292) as our control-text. The most valuable modern discussion of Dugdale's importance as a source for James's first London entry is David Bergeron's.

The publishing history of Dekker's Magnificent Entertainment (BEPD 202) presents considerably more difficulties. Two further editions appeared in 1604. One published in Edinburgh (STC 6512) derived from the original London edition (STC 6510), differing from it only in a few, mostly insignificant details. A second London edition, however, entitled The Whole Magnificent Entertainment (STC 6513) includes new English translations of three Latin speeches and some altered readings from the original text. In 1955 Fredson Bowers, building on earlier work by Sir W. W. Greg, produced an extensive analysis of the two London editions. He argued that the first was printed in five different houses, probably to speed production. Sheets A–B were produced by Thomas creede, the printer listed on the title-page; F–H by Humphrey lownes; I by Edward allde and C–D and E by two other, unidentified printers. pg 500The first of these was identified as Simon stafford by Adrian Weiss (1991). The secondMedition (Whole Magnificent Entertainment) lists Allde as the printer, but the work was actually divided again, this time among four houses. Whenever possible standing type from the first edition was reused, although the insertion of new material required considerable resetting and other adjustments. In Whole Magnificent Entertainment allde was responsible for sheets A–B and I, lownes for G–H and stafford for C–D, while the unknown printer of E in the first edition did both E and F. The following table, adapted from Bowers, summarizes the division of responsibilities for both editions and identifies lines reset in the second edition by the designation 'r'. The remaining lines were printed from standing type. We have followed the convention used throughout Collected Works of differentiating two different editions by the same printer with a number placed after his name.

First Quarto

Second Quarto

200–451r A–B

creede

allde

866–98 C1v–2

stafford

stafford

899–950r C2v–3

stafford1

stafford2

950–1004 C3v–4

stafford

stafford

1005–24r C4v

stafford1

stafford2

1025–37 D1 top

stafford

stafford

1038–55r

not set

stafford2

1056–65r D1 foot

stafford1

stafford2

1066–113 [ … hands] D1v –2 (1083–4 reset)

stafford

stafford

1113–61r[upon … ] D2v –3

stafford1

stafford2

1160–209 D3v–4 (lines 1189–93 reset)

stafford

stafford

1210–27r D4v

stafford1

stafford2

1228–50r E1–1v (top)

unknown1

unknown2

1251–464 E1v(line 7)–4v

unknown1

unknown2

1465–691r[ … side in] F1–4v

lownes

unknown

1689–719r[that … of an] G1

lownes1

lownes2

1719–68 [Arbor …] G1v –2

lownes1

lownes2

1768–804rG2v –3 (line 6)

lownes1

lownes2

1805–29r [ … which]G3 (remainder)

lownes1

lownes2

1827–88[colour …] G3v –4

lownes1

lownes2

1888–913r G4

lownes1

lownes2

1914–29H1

lownes1

lownes2

1929–77r

omitted

lownes2

1978–2044r(English for Latin)

lownes1

lownes2

2045–157 H3–4v

lownes1

lownes2

2158–217; 2644–725 I1–4

lownes1

lownes2

Bowers found that in the second London edition significant emendations occurred only in Latin passages and in lownes'S sheets G–H, corresponding to lines 1689–2157 of our text. On the basis of internal evidence Bowers concluded that changes in the Latin, which Dekker had not written, were probably due to the unknown translator, but that G–H were most likely corrected by Dekker himself. We have accepted the implications of this conclusion, using Magnificent Entertainment as the control-text but following Bowers in making some alterations based on Whole Magnificent Entertainment for lines 1689–2157.

In addition to comparing the three editions, Bowers collated sixteen copies of the first London edition. We have recorded the variants he identified, along with about thirty substantive differences between Dekker's original text and parallel sections of Arches of Triumph. These last present a final editorial difficulty, particularly in the case of the translations of Latin orations which are not found in Magnificent Entertainment. In this instance we cannot be certain that Harrison derived his text from Dekker. It is not certain that Whole Magnificent Entertainment was published before Arches of Triumph; and even if it was, Harrison might have obtained manuscript text from the translator of the Latin or some other source.

Several of the variants appear to repreMent small but deliberate changes, rather than casual slips. In the translation of the Italian merchants' speech, for example, Dekker's text several times employs 'you' and 'your' where Harrison's substitutes 'thou' and 'thine'. In these instances it is difficult to know which construction to prefer, although Harrison's seems more consistent with usage throughout the rest of text. In another case, however, Whole Magnificent Entertainment supplies a plainly superior reading. For the couplet, 'Aspice ridentem per gaudia Plebis Olympum, | Reddentem et plausus ad sua verba suos' (1259–60) it translates: 'Behold, Heaven itself laughs to see how thy subjects smile, and thunders out loud plaudits to hear their aves' (1298–9). In Harrison this becomes: 'Behold, Heaven itself laughs to see thy subjects smile and thunder out loud plaudits, to hear their aves.' Although Harrison's sentence makes more sense, since there is no record of a thunderstorm on 15 March 1604, it misconstrues the grammatical structure of the Latin. It is therefore either a careless mistake or an incompetent revision. In the absence of more conclusive evidence, this seems sufficient reason to mistrust variant readings from Arches, even when they appear superficially more plausible than the text supplied by Dekker's volume.

The manuscript 'True Order of his Majesty's Proceeding through London' is preserved as volume 6, item 97 of the State Papers Domestic for the reign of James I in the Public Record Office, London. Although drawn up for the Earl Marshal's Commission, a committee responsible for overseeing the procession, it is certainly a rough draft rather than a fair copy of the final, authoritative list. Nichols printed a very similar Order based on two other manuscripts, one then privately owned and the other pg 501among the Cotton Manuscripts of the British Museum. Nichol's Order, while very similar to that in the Public Record Office, does include a few additional marchers and some other supplementary information. These changes probably reflect late emendations by the Commission itself or the scribes working under its supervision. We have therefore incorporated them into our Order, while noting the discrepancies in the textual notes.

Throughout the commentary translations of passages from Latin texts have been taken, wherever possible, from Loeb Classical Library editions.

see also

Text: Works, 224

Authorship and date: this volume, 351

WORKS CITED

Previous Editions

  • Bowers, Fredson, ed., The Dramatic Works of Thomas Dekker (1955), vol. 2

  • Bullen, A. H., ed., Works of Thomas Middleton (1886), vol. 7

  • Dyce, Alexander, ed., Works of Thomas Middleton (1840), vol. 5

  • Herford, C. H., and Simpson, Percy and Evelyn, eds., Ben Jonson (1925–52), vol. 7

  • Nichols, John, Progresses of James I, vol. 1 (1828)

Other Works Cited

  • Bergeron, David, 'Gilbert Dugdale and the Royal Entry of James I (1604)', Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies 13 (1983), 111–25

  • Bowers, Fredson, 'Notes on Standing Type in Elizabethan Printing', Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 40 (1946), 205–24

  • Hoy, Cyrus, Introductions, Notes, and Commentaries to Texts in 'The Dramatic Works of Thomas Dekker', 4 vols (1980)

  • Stow, John, Chronicles (1631 edition)

  • Weiss, Adrian, 'Bibliographic Methods for Identifying Unknown Printers in Elizabethan/Jacobean Books', Studies in Bibliography 94 (1991), 183–228

TEXTUAL NOTES

Title TheTriumph] A composite of the titles of the three works from which this edition is drawn: Dekker's Magnificent Entertainment, Ben Jonson his Part of King James his Royal and MagnificenM Entertainment and Harrison's Arches of Triumph.

74 laurel] this edition; laurer windet

97 1604] pro mss. (1603). In this period the English customarily began the new year on March 25 (Lady's Day) rather than January 1; our text and notes use the modern convention throughout.

101 Harbingers] nichols (Harbengers); Harbengenger pro mss.

101 Porters] nichols; Porter pro mss.

115 Aldermen … London] nichols; not in pro mss.

117 The Prince's Serjeant] nichols; not in pro mss.

118 Advocate] pro mss.; Advocate and Remembrancer nichols

119 Queen's Attorney] pro mss.; nichols has 'The Queen's Counsell at Lawe' preceding the King's Advocate; it is difficult to know whether these officials marched side by side or if the Queen's Attorney preceded the King's Advocate by a step.

120 Attorney and Solicitor] pro mss.; Attorney {The King's Solicitor} Sir Francis Bacon, The King's Counsell at Lawe nichols. Since Bacon was the King's Solicitor nichols effectively duplicates his place in the procession.

121 of the] pro mss.; at nichols

122 Serjeants] pro mss.; Serjeant at Law nichols. There were several King's Serjeants.

124 Secretaries for the French and Latin Tongues] nichols reverses the order of the secretaries and Knights Bachelors.

128–9 Queen's Council at Law] nichols; not in pro mss.

127 Pursuivants] nichols; not in pro mss.

142 The … England] nichols; not in pro mss.

145 Knights and] nichols; not in pro mss.

151 Governor] nichols adds his name, Sir Thomas Challoner

178 together] pro mss.; not in nichols

175–8 Serjeants … swords] nichols; in left margin only pro mss.

175–8 but … swords] pro mss.; not in nichols

179–81 Lord … Usher] nichols; pro mss. places the Lord Mayor on the right.

180–1 Garter … Arms] nichols; Garter Prince pro mss.

186 Gentlemen] pro mss.; not in nichols

186 Footmen] nichols adds and Esquires

186–7 of … Stable] nichols; not in pro mss.

189 Vice … King] pro mss.; King's Vice Chamberlain nichols

191 Queen's … Chamberlain] pro mss.; not in nichols

194 Master … Horse] The repetition of this entry (see l. 188) probably refers to separate Masters of the Horse of the King and Queen. The Wardrobe accounts indicate that a spare horse did accompany Queen Anne (see commentary).

199 with … follow] nichols; not in pro mss.

204 1604] creede (1603). See note to l. 97–8 above.

209 Martial] Throughout we have followed the modern procedure of placing the name of the author of a quotation, in full, after and below the inset quotation; the original texts give an abbreviated form of the name just before the first word of the quotation (as though it were a speech prefix).

252 a long] bowers; along creede

351 those] nichols; these creede

388 mechanicians] creede (mychanitiens)

451 gates.] We have omitted the phrase 'of which the first was erected at Fenchurch' from creede in order to create a smoother transition into the full descriptions by Jonson and Harrison.

491 architrave] architive creede

503 perspective] this edition; prospective simmes-eld, stansby, herford-simpson

546.n Manlio] herford-simpson; Mallii simmes-eld, stansby

561.n Proverbs 8:15] Jonson or his printer incorrectly placed this note beside the previous scriptural quotation. We have restored it to its correct position.

567.n tam] herford-simpson; not in simmes-eld

599 TAMESIS] Both Harrison and Dekker spell the name 'Thamesis', whereas Jonson leaves out the h. We have pg 502preserved the discrepancy, since it possibly resulted from a deliberate choice.

613.n clausula 6] this edition; cl. 5. simmes-eld, stansby, herford-simpson

628 cruse] simmes-eld (cruze)

636.n Eucharisticon] this edition; Epu. simmes-eld, stansby, herford-simpson

641 Veneration] bishmp; Veneratio simmes-eld, stansby

652 ribboned] simmes-eld (ribanded)

653 trifolium] this edition; trifoly simmes-eld, stansby, herford-simpson

688 pila] bishop, herford-simpson; peila simmes-eld, stansby

717–28 Maximussuum.] Italics in simmes-eld; Roman capitals in stansby and herford-simpson. Harrison's illustration shows the inscription in italics; we have regarded this as decisive.

727 heres] this edition; haeres simmes-eld, herford-simpson

740 complimental] this edition; complementall simmes-eld, stansby, herford-simpson

747 their] this edition; the simmes-eld, stansby, herford-simpson

770 Briton] this edition; Brittane simmes-eld; Britaine herford-simpson

782.n urbo] stansby, herford-simpson; urbe in simmes-eld

798 Zeal.'] this edition. Jonson did not close the quotation.

803 tide.'] this edition. Jonson did not close the quotation.

815 weak.'] this edition. Jonson did not close the quotation.

817 lose] simmes-eld (loose)

853.n Frederick II] simmes-eld (Frederick fecod); Frederick 〈the〉 fecod herford-simpson

853.n Christian] this edition; Christierne simmes-eld

853.n IV] simmes-eld (the fourth)

858.n Charles … Elizabeth] simmes-eld (corr); not in simmes-eld (unc); supplied by herford-simpson from stansby

950 roof] bowers; roote stafford, finlason

950 erected] allde; directed stafford

1058 Belgians] stafford. Italics retained to indicate a Latinate term for the modern counterparts to the north Gallic tribe of the Belgae, here corresponding to inhabitants of both the northern and southern Netherlands. Thus a synonym for Dutchmen in l. 1066.

1144 nobili] this edition; Nobile unknown1 and 2

1233 celebre] bowers; Celeb: unknown1 and 2

1250 et] unknown2; at unknown1

1262 onus] unknown2; vnus unknown1

1264 Ardua res] 2 unknown2; Arduares unknown1

1266 hominis] bowers; homines unknown1 and 2, finlason

1267 temperat] finlason; temperet unknown1 and 2

1270 ille] bowers; illa unknown1 and 2, finlason

1278 At] bowers; Aut unknown1, finlason

1279 Assidet] bowers; Assidat unknown1 and 2, finlason

1288 Quos fovit] Quos fouit bowers; Quosfouit unknown1 and 2

1291 diu Panthaici] bowers Deum Panthaeci unknown1; Diù Panthaici unknown2; Deus Panthaeci finlason

1292 innumeros] bowers (Innumeros); Iunumeros unknown1, finlason

1293 tui] bowers; tua unknown1 and 2

1299 plaudits] unknown1 (plaudities)

1308 holds] bowers; hold unknown2

1313 Religion] We have preserved initial upper case letters for key nouns in this passage, since allegorical personification seems to be implied.

1321 lavishly] unknown2, bowers; not in windet

1333 you] unknown2, bowers; thee windet

1334 your] unknown2, bowers; thy windet

1334–5 then under hers] unknown2, bowers; under hers windet

1336 grandfathers … many] unknown2, bowers; not in windet

1366 jutted] this edition; jetted unknown1 and 2, bowers

1415 Arete] unknown2; Arate unknown1, finlason

1470 Dries] windet (engraving); Drie lownes, finlason

1516 drunk] lownes, unknown, finlason; drunk up windet, bowers

1538 Fairyland] this edition; fairie land lownes; cf. Dekker's Whore of Babylon (1608), where 'Fairie land' is the allegorical name of England.

1570–1 clear, straight] lownes (errata); cleare strength lownes (text), finlason; during unknown

1576 that during] creede (errata), allde; aluring lownes (text), finlason

1693 Sylvans] Syluans lownes2; Syluanus lownes1

1700 choristers] lownes1 (queristers)

1709–10 eighteen … twelve] 18 … 12. lownes1; 16 … 10 lownes2, finlason

1717 terms] lownes2; frames lownes1, finlason

1726 forty-four] 44. bowers; 4. lownes1 and 2, finlason

1741 caducaeus] Caducæus bowers; Caducæns lownes1, finlason

1746 on] bowers; of lownes1, finlason

1806 Chorus] lownes1, finlason; A Chorus lownes2

1862 one] this edition; not in lownes1 and 2, bowers

1882 he] creede errata, bowers; had lownes1

1895 Had … stayed] creede errata; Here stayed had ftill lownes1 (text); Here staide hee still! lownes2

1924 choristers] lownes1 (Quiristers)

1941 primariae] lownes2; primaria lownes1 (corr); prima via lownes1 (unc)

1957 emittantur] lownes2; emittuntur lownes1

1971 eum] this edition; cum lownes1 and 2

1978–2044 THE ORATION … Almighty etc.] lownes2; not in lownes1, finlason

2016 didicit] dedicit lownes2; not in lownes1

2055 risse] lownes1 (riz). This unusual past tense of rise is characteristic of Middleton, and suggests he may have been responsible not only for the speech but the description of the arch.

2061–2 body. | As] this edition (conj. Taylor). All previous editions insert a period and break the paragraph after 'mounts', l. 2064.

2072 Arete] dyce; Arate lownes1

2107 engine] lownes2; Eronie lownes1, finlason

2114 et] lownes2 at; lownes1

2117 praters] lownes2; parts lownes1

2127 the same] this edition(conj. Taylor); these men lownes1

2137 move] this edition; moved lownes1

2143 human] lownes1 (humaine). Human, humane and humaine were variant spellings of the same word in this period; 'human' rather than 'humane' seems appropriate to the context.

2192 [first singer]] this edition; not in lownes1

2202 [rumour]] this edition; not in lownes1

2207 Which] this edition; With lownes1

2210 [first singer]] this edition; not in lownes1

2210 lose] lownes1 (loose)

2261 adscribe] this edition (conj. herford-simpson); abfcribe simmes-eld; afcribe stansby. Jonson uses the same Latinate form in Sejanus: see OED.

2266 nominantur] herford-simpson; nominatur simmes-eld

pg 503

2287–92 QVI … BRITANNOS] stansby, herford-simpson; QuiBritannos simmes-eld

2295–6 IVRANDASOVE … FATENTES] herford-simpson; Iur andasTHE WHOLE ROYAL AND MAGNIFICENT ENTERTAINMENT Edited by R. Malcolm Smutsfatentes simmes-eld

2307.n Cephisodotus] herford-simpson; Cephis- | odotus simmes-eld

2346 bore] simmes-eld (bare)

2401 poscimvs] herford-simpson; POSSIMVS simmes-eld

2447 fantasy] this edition; Phantasy simmes-eld

2449.n the page 272.] simmes-eld (the Page. D.3.)

2461 blessed] simmes-eld; b[l]est herford-simpson. Since 'blessed' and 'best' both make sense in context there seems insufficient reason to emend the original text.

2492 lose] simmes-eld (leefe)

2496.n rata fit] herford-simpson; ratafit simmes-eld

2511 dis-ease] this edition; (disease simmes-eld)

2524 PVLCHERRIMÆ] this edition; PUVCHERIMAE simmes-eld; PVLCHER〈R〉IMÆ bishop, herford-simpson

2531 FVNESSIMAM] simmes-eld; FUNESTISSIMAM stansby, herford-simpson

2546–54 Thus … days] simmes-eld; 'In the Strand.' stansby

2641.n detestatam,] herford-simpson; ⁓‸ simmes-eld

2642.n caput 23] this edition; cap. 25 simmes-eld

2687 summa.] fumma. | fumma. lownes1

A.3 emptied] this edition; emptye blower

A.4 and] this edition; not in blower

A.19 seeming] this edition; feeing blower

A.20 of] this edition; in of blower

B.9 on] this edition; one creede

C.3 [the arch]] this edition; it blower. This alteration has been made for clarification.

C.9 few] this edition; five blower

C.16 downy] this edition; dawny blower

D.10 third] this edition; 3 blower

E.7 Quadrifronti] this edition; QUADRIFRONTI blount; Quadri fronti allde

PRESS VARIANTS

Press Variants in Dekker (Creede et al.), adapted from bowers

Copies collated by bowers:

  • BM1 (British Library C.34.c.23)

  • BM2 (British Library Ashley 612)

  • Bodl (Bodleian Mal. 602[1])

  • Dyce (Dyce Collection, National Art Library, Victoria and Albert Museum)

  • CLUC (W. A. Clark Library)

  • CSmH (Huntington Library)

  • CtY (Yale University)

  • DFo (Folger Shakespeare Library)

  • DLC (Library of Congress)

  • ICN (Newberry Library)

  • IU (University of Illinois)

  • MB (Boston Public Library)

  • MH (Harvard University)

  • NN (New York Public Library)

  • NNP (Morgan Library)

  • TxU (University of Texas)

Sheet B (inner forme)

Corrected: BM1, Bodl, CSmH, DLC, MH, NN, TxU

Uncorrected: BM2, Dyce, CLUC, CtY, DFo, ICN, IU, MB, NNP

Sig. B1v

336 frighted] frighted corr; fraighted unc

Sig. B2

354 joys,] Ioyes, corr; ⁓ ‸ unc

355 world,] world, corr; ⁓ ‸ unc

360 Dilexere] Dilexere corr; Delexere unc

Sig. B3v

437 whose] corr; whom, unc

Sig. B4

B.9 greces] Grices corr; Gate unc

Sheet C (outer forme)

Corrected: IU, NNP

Uncorrected: BM1, BM2, Bodl, Dyce, CLUC, CSmH, CtY, DFo, DLC, ICN, MB, MH, NN, TxU

Sig. C3

949 pilasters] Pilasters corr; Pelasters unc

950 pedestal] Pedestall corr; Padestall unc

Sheet H (outer forme)

First stage corrected: BM1, Dyce, CLUC, DFo, ICN, MB, MH, NN, TxU

Uncorrected: BM2, NNP

Sig. H1

1927 one of] corr; one unc

Sig. H2v

1967 scholae] scholæ corr; schola unc

1972–3 Annam,] corr; ⁓ ‸ unc

1974 stirpis] stirpis corr; stripis unc

Sig. H3

2047 being] corr; beeing unc

2057 building] corr; bnilding unc

2066 being] being corr; beeing unc

Second stage corrected: CtY

Sig. H2v

1965–6 adscribere.] adscribere, corr; ⁓. unc

Sig. H3

2055 posterns risse up] pofternes riz vp corr; pofternes. Viz. Vp unc

2063 need] neede corr; minde unc

Third stage corrected: Bodl, CSmH, DLC, IU

Sig. H2v

1973 reliquamque] corr; relinquamque unc

1974 summa] summa corr; summam unc

Sheet H (inner forme)

First stage corrected: DFo, NN

Uncorrected: BM1, BM2, Dyce, ICN, MB, MH, NNP

Sig. H1v

1941 primariae] primaria corr; prima via unc

pg 504

1943 demortui] corr; de mortui unc

1943 spei] spei corr; spe unc

Sig. H2

1949 summae] summæ corr; summa unc

Second stage corrected: Bodl, CLUC, CSmH, CtY, DLC, IU, TxU

Sig. H4

2113.n Astraea] Aftræa in right margin corr; in left margin unc

2114 virgo] *virgo corr; unc

2114 Saturnia] corr; Satarnia unc

Historical Collation of Early Editions of Dekker, Magnificent Entertainment, adapted from bowers

253 countenances] countenance allde

257 breasts] Breste: finlason

269 inter fictos] Inter fictos bowers; Interfictos finlason

288 for] not in allde

291 Would] Will finlason

311 is] in allde

360 Dilexere] Delexere creede (unc), allde

399 plotted] blotted finlason

412 wakened] weakened finlason

430 above] about allde

432 bannerets] Banners allde

437 whose] whom, creede (unc), allde

441 speak] speake bowers; spake allde

893.n Gracious Street] not in finlason

911 out] not in allde

930 otia fecit] otiafecit finmason

936 his] her allde

950 erected] directed allde, finlason

1025 Speech] speach in Latine. allde

1037–55 The Italians' … even all.] not in creede, finlason

1114 in her] ‸her finlason

1120 Utroque] Viroque finlason

1127 pursued] sude finlason

1213–15 QVOD … APERIT] allde sets inscription in small italic lower case to save space

1270 ille] illa

1308 holds] hold allde

1361.n Soper Lane] not in finlason

1477 Fame] Fama finlason

1536 Is't] it's finlason

1543 is't] it's finlason

1579 'tis] it is finlason

1582 here] there allde

1612 conqueror] Conquerors allde

1618 bowers following allde adds in the margin 3. Cuppes of Golde given by the Cittie

1631–2 bowers following allde adds in the margin The Pageant at the litle Conduit

1691 in] not in allde

1696 cornetts] Cornets bowers; Comets allde

1701 the ditty] not in finlason

1718 twenty] 25. bowers; 20. creede, allde

1886 Chorus] not in creede, finlason

1895 Had still he stayed] from creede errata; Here staide had still creede (text), finlason; Heere staide he still allde

1897, 1898 he] from creede errata; had creede (text), finlason

1901 equally] equall creede, finlason

1929–77 OratioDixi] not in allde

1941 dotatum] dodatum finlason

1941 primariae] prima via creede (unc); priamria creede (corr), finlason

1954 Regiam] Regæ finlason

2110 nobleman … ploughman] Noblemen … Ploughmen finlason

2144 thy] by finlason

2152 property] properties finlason

2183 Thomas] Tho. creede, allde; T. finlason

2189 of] of the finlason

2214 and princely] not in finlason

2659 closed] close finlason

2668 In freta] Infreta allde

2668 umbrae] unbræ allde

2669 pascit] pascet finlason

2719–24 To … were.] not in allde, finlason

Substantive Variants Between Parallel Texts of Dekker, Magnificent Entertainment and Harrison, Arches of Triumph

1033–4 rex nobilissime, salve] not in windet

1039 your] thy

1040–1 your … your] thy … thy

1042 your] thy

1048 you did] thou didst

1049 your] thine

1049 you said that] thou saidst

1055 thus we cry, all] not in windet

1298 see how thy] see thy

1299 thunders] thunder

1310 teaches] teacheth

1321 lavishly] not in windet

1327 of them] then

1333 you] thee

1334 your] thy

1334 then] not in windet

1336 grandfathers … so many] not in windet

1468 in] is

1470 Dries] Dry

1516 drunk] lownes, unknown, finlason; drunk up windet, bowers

1519 dost] doest bowers; doth windet

1642 here not] heere, not bowers; not heere windet

1645–60 to deliver … whilst all] not in windet

1660 here] heere bowers; not in windet

1662–3 for … infinite] not in windet

1675 so now] now so

1691 in] not in windet

2137 move] windet; moude bowers

2144 virtue] Vertues

2155 figured all in] which here figure

Press Variants in Ben Jonson his Part, Adapted from herford-simpson

Copies collated by herford-simpson:

  • a1 (British Library C.34.b.20)

  • a2 (British Library C.39.d.1)

  • b (Gough copy, Bodleian Library, Oxford)

  • c1 and c2 (The Huth copy and another copy in the Guildhall Library, London)

  • D (All Souls College Library, Oxford)

  • e (Trinity College Library, Cambridge)

  • f (Rylands Library, Manchester)

  • g (Dyce Collection, National Art Library, Victoria and Albert Museum)

  • h (copy of the late T. J. Wise)

Sig. A2

506 mira constantia] a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; mirâ constantiâ b, h

pg 505508 copia] a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; copiâ b, h

519 hyperbole] Hyporbole a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; Hyperbole b, h

Sig. A2v

525 above mentioned … of] above-mentioned Title | of c1, c2, d; above mentioned | Title a1, a2, b, e, f, g, h

526 the King's chamber] the Kings Chamber c1, c2, d; the Kings Chamber a1, a2, b, e, f, g, h

527 empire: for] Empire | for c1, c2, d; Em- | pire: for a1, a2, b, e, f, g, h

528 kingdom, Master] Kingdome | Maister c1, c2, d; King- | dome M. a1, a2, b, e, f, g, h

534 shields through them,] ⁓: c1, c2, d; shieldes thorow them; a1, a2, b, e, f, g, h

537 Ireland.] ⁓; c1, c2, d; Ireland, a1, a2, b, e, f, g, h

547–8 Virgil … penitus] *Virg.—Et penitus c1, c2, d; And Virg. | —Et penitus (centred) a1, a2, b, e, f, g, h

550–1 the … set] The Shields their | precedency and distinctions At her feete was set | c1, c2, d; The Shieldes the | precedency of the Countries and their distincti- | ons. At her feete was set | a1, a2, b, e, f, g, h

552–4 THEOSOPHIA … garments] THEOSOPHIA, or Divine wisedom, al in white, a blew mantle seeded | with Stars, a crowne of Stars upon hir head; he gar | c1, c2, d (with catchword 'ments'); THEOSOPHIA, a1, a2, b, e, f, g, h (with catchword 'or', and two lines taken over to a3r). To adjust the page, the printer took out the 'white' lines above and below 'GENIVS VRbIS', l. 567.

Sig. A3

554 head … garments] head; hir gar | ments c1, c2, d; head. Hir gar- | ments a1, a2, b, e, f, g, h

555 clearness.] ⁓: c1, c2, d; Cleerenesse. a1, a2, b, e, f, g, h

556–7 dove, … serpent:] Dove; … Serpent; c1, c2, d; ⁓, … ⁓: a1, a2, b, e, f, g, h

559.n Matthew 10:16] ranged with 'Dove', l. 556 a1, a2, f; ranged with 'Estate', l. 557–8 b, c1, c2, d, e, g, h

561.n Proverbs 8:15] ranged with 'word', l. 558–9 a1, a2, f; ranged with 'PER ME', l. 561 b, c1, c2, d, e, g, h

567.n Antiqui14] ranged with the white line below GENIVS VRBIS c1, c2, d; ranged above 'GENIVS VRBIS' between ll. 565 and 567 a1, a2, b, e, f, g, h

567.n rerum … quam] rerum existi- | marūt Deum: | et vrbib. quam | a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; rerū exxistima- | runt Deum: & | tarn vrbib. quā | b, h

Sig. A3v

600 the river] The River indented a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e; No paragraph b, h

600 the city in] the Ci- | ty; in a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; the City; | b, h

Sig. A4

632 And … place] centred a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; begins the line b, h

Sig. A4v

658.n Aeneid I] æne. I above QVA … PORTA c1, c2, d; ranged with QVA PORTa a1, a2, b, e, f, g, h

660 wind] winde, c1, c2, d; ⁓; a1, a2, b, e, f, g, h

662.n Aeneid I] æne. 1 ranged with Taken, l. 659 c1, c2, d; between ll. 659, 659 a1, a2, b, e, f, g, h

662 porta] porta, c1, c2, d; ⁓‸ a1, a2, b, e, f, g, h

Sig. B3

782.n ab urbo] ab urbe a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f; urbo b, h

785.n Cressanota] a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f; Cressânotdâ b, h

Sig. B4

821.n chief Serjeant] chief Serieant a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f; chiefe ⁓ b, h

823.n some … the] some particu- | lar allusion to | his name, | which is Be- | net, and hath | (no doubt) in | time bin the | a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f; some particular | allusion to his | Name, which | is Benet, and | hath (no doubt) | in time bin the | b, h

835.n persons] a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f; Persons b, h

835.n humanity … Greek] Humanity, & | in frequent | use with al the | Greek a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f; Humanitie, and | in frequent vse | with all the | Greeke b, h

On this page the notes have been reset, probably owing to a derangement in type. The original setting is neater and has the lines more evenly balanced.

Sig. B4v

843.n Lactantatius] Lactant. a1, a2, c1, c2, d, f; Luctatius [a miscorrection for Lactantius] b, e, g, h

848 And] a1, a2, c1, c2, d, f; *⁓ b, e, g, h

848.n To the] a1, a2, c1, c2, d, f; *⁓ b, e, g, h

858 Withthosee] With those (e) a2, c2; With (e) those a1, b, c1, d, e, f, g, h

858.n Charles … Elizabeth] a1, b, c1, d, e, f, g, h; not in a2, c2

Sig. C1

2255 vocabant;] a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f; ⁓‸ b, h

Sig. C1v

2258.n Albricus … imagine] Abb. in | deorum | imag. a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f; Alb. in | deorum b, h

2260–1 winter—and adscribe] Winter,) … abscribe a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f; Winter, … abscribe b, h

Sig. C2

2292 SANGVINEA] sanguineâ, a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; ⁓‸ b, h

2295 IVRANdASQVE] Iur andsaTHE WHOLE ROYAL AND MAGNIFICENT ENTERTAINMENT Edited by R. Malcolm Smuts a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; Iur andasTHE WHOLE ROYAL AND MAGNIFICENT ENTERTAINMENT Edited by R. Malcolm Smuts b, h

herford-simpson also noted a number of fine adjustments of type on this page, especially involving the long italic 'f'.

Sig. C2v

2307.n him.] ⁓‸ a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; ⁓. b, h

2315 In Nvmeris] IN NVMERIS a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; INNVMERIS b, h

2318.n Silius Italicus] placed one line above in a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g;

2320 triumphs] Tryumphes a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; Triumphes b, h

2324 first handmaid] type disordered a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; type adjusted b, h

Sig. C3

2329 rest.] Rest; a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; ⁓: b, h

2337 mandataque] mandatTHE WHOLE ROYAL AND MAGNIFICENT ENTERTAINMENT Edited by R. Malcolm Smuts a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; mandataTHE WHOLE ROYAL AND MAGNIFICENT ENTERTAINMENT Edited by R. Malcolm Smuts b, h

2338 Imperiosa] a1, a2, c, c2, d, e, f, g; Imperioso b, h

Sig. C3v

2360 was] ⁓. a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; ⁓‸ b, h

2365 medicine;] Medicine: a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; ⁓: b, h. The wrong-fount colon was reproduced in stansby.

Sig. C4

2383 cornucopia] Coruncopia a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; Cornucopia b, h

Sig. C4v

2401 Poscimvs] POSSIMVS a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; POSCIMVS b, h

Sig. D1

2416.n Flamines dicti] Flamines diciti a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; Filamines dicti b, h

2418.n Which in] Whichin a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; Which in b, h

2420.n Pone] pone a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, f, g; ponè b, h

Sig. D1v

2435 calendar] Calender f; Kalender a1, a2, b, c1, c2, d, e, g, h

2437 feast] feast; f; ⁓‸ a1, a2, b, c1, c2, d, e, f, g, h

2438 Perenna] PERENVA f; PERENNA a1, a2, b, c1, c2, d, e, g, h

2438 guest;] guest; a1, a2, c1, c2, d, e, g; ⁓‸ b, h

2458 Who] c.w.: Whose f; Who a1, a2, b, c1, c2, d, e, g, h

Sig. D2

2461 his and] His and f; His, and a1, a2, b, c1, c2, d, e, g, h

2480 cense] sence f; cense a1, a2, b, c1, c2, d, e, g, h

2484–2484.n thy … masculine] the Masculine f; thy Masculine a1, a2, b, c1, c2, d, e, g, h

2484.n pependit] pependi f; pependit a1, a2, b, c1, c2, d, e, g, h

2485 My] c.w.: That f; My a1, a2, b, c1, c2, d, e, g, h

Sig. E1v

2638 sing] sing c2; sing, a1, a2, b, c1, d, e, f, g, h

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