Michael Kiernan (ed.), The Oxford Francis Bacon, Vol. 15: The Essayes or Counsels, Civill and Morall

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pg 170 Critical Apparatus [2T3] Of Anger. LVII.

3To seeke to extinguish Anger utterly, is but a Bravery of the Editor’s Note4Stoickes. We have better Oracles: Be Angry, but Sinne not. 5Let not the Sunne goe downe upon your Anger. Anger must 6be limited, and confined, both in Race, and in Time. We will 7first speake, How the Naturall Inclination, and Habit, To be 8Angry, may be attempred, and calmed. Secondly, How the 9Particular Motions of Anger, may be repressed, or at least 10refrained from doing Mischiefe. Thirdly, How to raise Anger, 11or appease Anger, in Another.

12For the first; There is no other Way, but to Meditate and 13Ruminate well, upon the Effects of Anger, how it troubles 14 [2T3V] Mans Life. And the best Time, to doe | this, is, to looke 15backe upon Anger, when the Fitt is throughly over. Seneca Editor’s Note16saith well; That Anger is like Ruine, which breakes it Selfe, Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus17upon that it falls. The Scripture exhorteth us; To possesse 18our Soules in Patience. Whosoever is out of Patience, is out of 19Possession of his Soule. Men must not turne Bees;

21Anger is certainly a kinde of Basenesse: As it appeares Editor’s Note22well, in the Weaknesse of those Subjects, in whom it reignes: 23Children, Women, Old Folkes, Sicke Folkes. Onely Men must 24beware, that they carry their Anger, rather with Scorne, then 25with Feare: So that they may seeme rather, to be above the 26Injury, then below it: which is a Thing easily done, if a Man 27will give Law to himselfe in it.

28For the Second Point; The Causes and Motives of Anger, Editor’s Note29are chiefly three. First, to be too Sensible of Hurt: For no 30Man is Angry, that Feeles not himselfe Hurt: And therefore 31Tender and Delicate Persons, must needs be oft Angry: They | 32 [2T4] have so many Things to trouble them; Which more Robust 33Natures have little Sense of. The next is, the Apprehension pg 17134and Construction, of the Injury offred, to be, in the Circum-35stances thereof, full of Contempt. For Contempt is that 36which putteth an Edge upon Anger, as much, or more, then 37the Hurt it selfe. And therefore, when Men are Ingenious, 38in picking out Circumstances of Contempt, they doe kindle 39their Anger much. Lastly, Opinion of the Touch of a Mans 40Reputation, doth multiply and sharpen Anger. Wherein the Editor’s Note41Remedy is, that a Man should have, as Consalvo was wont to Editor’s Note42say, Telam Honoris crassiorem. But in all Refrainings of 43Anger, it is the best Remedy to win Time; And to make 44a Mans Selfe beleeve, that the Opportunity of his Revenge is 45not yet come: But that he foresees a Time for it; And so to 46still Himselfe in the meane Time, and reserve it.

47To containe Anger from Mischiefe, though it take hold of 48a Man, there be two Things, whereof you must have spe-| 49ciall Caution. The one, of extreme Bitternesse of Words; [2T4V] Editor’s Note50Especially, if they be Aculeate, and Proper: For Communia 51Maledicta are nothing so much: And againe, that in Anger, 52a Man reveale no Secrets: For that makes him not fit for Critical Apparatus53Society. The other, that you doe not peremptorily breake Critical Apparatus54off, in any Businesse, in a Fitt of Anger: But howsoever you 55shew Bitternes, do not Act any thing, that is not Revocable.

56For Raising and Appeasing Anger in Another; It is done Critical Apparatus57chiefly, by Choosing of Times, when Men are frowardest and 58worst disposed, to incense them. Againe, by gathering (as 59was touched before) all that you can finde out, to aggravate 60the Contempt. And the two Remedies are by the Contraries. Editor’s Note61The Former, to take good Times, when first to relate to Critical Apparatus62a Man, an Angry Businesse: For the first Impression is much; 63And the other is, to sever, as much as may be, the Construction 64of the Injury, from the Point of Contempt: Imputing it, to 65Misunderstanding, Feare, Passion, or what you will. |

Notes Settings

Notes

Critical Apparatus
1 Of Anger.] essay not in 97a24
Editor’s Note
4–5. Be Angry … Anger : Eph. 4: 26.
Editor’s Note
16–17. Anger … falls : Seneca, De ira, i. 1 (Wright).
Critical Apparatus
17 falls] fall's 25
Editor’s Note
17–18. possesse … Patience : Luke 21: 19.
Editor’s Note
20. Animasque … ponunt : 'And lay down their lives in the wound.' Virgil, Georg, iv. 238.
Editor’s Note
22–3. Weaknesse … Sicke Folkes : Reynolds compares Plutarch, Morals, L2:

For like as swelling is a symptome or accident following upon a great wound or hurt in the flesh: even so it is in the tenderest and softest minds, the more they give place and yeeld unto dolor and passion, the more plentie of choler and anger they utter foorth as proceeding from the greater weaknes. By this you may see the reason why women ordinarily be more waspish, curst and shrewd than men; sicke folke more testie than those that are in health; old people more waiward and froward than those that be in the floure and vigor of their yeeres.

Editor’s Note
29–31. too Sensible … oft Angry : cf. iiii. 36–8.
Editor’s Note
41. Consalvo: Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba (1453–1515), Spanish general, called 'The Great Captain'. He aided in the conquest of Granada, fought the Moriscos and the Turks, and twice drove the French from Naples, which he governed briefly. Guicciardini, Historie (trans. 1579), comments briefly on his exploits, his nickname (spelling his name as Bacon does), and his death (2E4V, 303V), but does not refer to his aphorism.
Editor’s Note
42. Telam Honoris crassiorem: 'A stronger web of honour.' Cf. Apoph. vii. 150; AL iii. 423–4; De Aug. v. 10 (i. 721); and, especially, Charge touching Duels, xi. 406–7 (in Italian).
Editor’s Note
50–1. Communia Maledicta: 'common abuses.'
Critical Apparatus

Emendation of Accidentals.

53 breake] 25(u); break 25(c)
Critical Apparatus
54 Fitt] 25(c); Fit 25(u)
Critical Apparatus
57 Times, when] 25(c); ⁓. When 25(u)
Editor’s Note
61–2. when … Angry Businesse : cf. xxii. 29–33.
Critical Apparatus
62 much;] 25(c); ⁓. 25(u)
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