The Roman numerals refer to the books, the Arabic figures to the sections.A
Aachen: see Aix-la-Chapelle.
Abbot, George, archbishop of Canterbury; his death, i. 185, 188. unfavourable character of him, 185, 187. his remissness, 198.
Aberdeen, flourishing state of its university, i. 172.
Abergavenny, the King there, ix. 67.
Abingdon, vi. 125, 155. vii. 45, 49. viii. 15, 26, 37, 46, 47, 50, 73 n., 113, 120, 123 n., 124, 129, 164, 165 n., 279. quitted by the King's forces,viii. 38. and occupied by the earl of Essex, 39. unsuccessfully attacked by the King's forces, 45.
Ablin, Jacob, vii. 347.
Achish, vii. 312.
Acland, sir John, vii. 103.
Acton, Cheshire, vii. 403.
Ælian cited, vii. 291.
Agitators in the army, x. 83, 122, 136, 140, 147. xi. 195, 210, 221, 227. xiv. 42, 48. xv. 133. See Levellers.
Agreement of the People, the, xi. 210. xii. 8.
Aix-la-Chapelle[Acen, Aquisgrane], xiv. 106, 107, 110. xvi. 62. here the king of the Romans ought to receive his first iron crown, xiv. 105. famous for its hot baths, ib. Charles II and his sister go there. ib.
Alberquerque, duke of, xiii. 17.
Alcibiades, vi. 42.
Algiers, an Act of Parliament concerning the captives of, v. 85. forced by admiral Blake to submit to conditions, xv. 9, 12, 23, 26.
Allen, captain, xii. 111.
Alonzo, don: see Cardenas.
Altar; the word 'enviously' used, iii. 56.
Ambassadors' houses searched for priests, iv. 41 n.
Amboyna, xiv. 33.
America: see New England.
Amesbury, viii. 1 n.
Amyrault, Moses, xiii. 133.
Anabaptists, v. 441 n. 4. vi. 24, 161, 200, 204, 217, 234, 357. x. 106, 122, 162, 174. xi. 44. xiv. 1. xvi. 152. address to Charles II in exile, xv. 103. their propositions annexed to it, 118.
pg 298Anderton,—— iv. 204 n.
Andrewes, Lancelot, bishop of Winchester, i. 186.
Anne, daughter of Charles I, x. 115 n.
Anne of Austria: see queen of France.
Annesley,—— iii. 111.
Annesley, Arthur, afterwards first earl of Anglesey, president of the council of state, xvi. 143.
Antelope, the, a ship, xi. 150. xiv.
Antinomians, x. 162.
Antrim, Raudal Macdonnel, second earl of, married the widow of the duke of Buckingham, viii. 264. his character, ib. joined the Irish rebels, ib. afterwards comes to the King at Oxford, 265. has great acquaintance with the earl of Montrose, ib. undertakes an expedition from Ireland in concert with Montrose into Scotland, 265–278. made a marquis, 277. hoped to be made lord lieutenant of Ireland through the Queen's favour, x. 154.
Antwerp, i. 130. xii. 38, 48, 49, 53, 57, 103 n. xiii. 31, 46, 108, 178. xiv. 111 [119 n.], 142. xv. 20. xvi. 176, 177, 179, 180.
Appleby castle surrendered to the Parliament, xi. 96.
Appledore, Devonshire, vii. 197.
Appleyard, sir Matthew, ix. 33.
Apprentices, iv. 204 n. a petition in their name against papists and prelates, iv. 105. v. 23, 187. invited by the Parliament to take arms, vi. 103. a tumultuous petition of them and others to both Houses concerning the militia, x. 108. they rise, but are suppressed by Hewson, xvi. 105.
Aquisgrane: see Aix-la-Chapelle.
Arcos, duke of, xii. 105.
Ardglass, earl of: see lord Cromwell.
Argyle, Archibald Campbell, seventh earl of, being a Roman Catholic, is compelled by the King to give up his estates to his son, and retires beyond sea, ii. 58. warns the King against him, ib. Argyle, Archibald Campbell, eighth earl of, vi. 112. viii. 265. x. 159. xi. 11, 15, 16, 42, 43, 46, 91, 94, 100, 153n. xii. 125, 130, 132, 133, 134, 143. xiii. 7, 19, 20, 23, 58, 108, 138. sides with the Covenanters notwithstanding his obligations to the King, ii. 58. transactions in Scotland respecting him, Montrose, and Hamilton, iv. 15 n., 20. made a marquis, 22, 46. head of the violent party, vii. 404. hated and contemned by the marquis of Montrose, viii. 263. xii. 142. his principles and politics, ix. 4. his conduct with regard to the Scotch Parliament of 1648, xi. 9, 13. supposed to have invited Cromwell into Scotland, 98. whom he welcomed there, 98, 99. was master of Scotland, 101. was the creature of Cromwell, 158. his part in the Scottish affairs of 1649, xii. 6–10, 21. clogs the proclaiming Charles II with a clause for the Covenant, 12. his object in so doing, 12, 13, 21. his reasons for inviting the King into Scotland, 118, 125. sends fresh conditions, which miss the King, xiii. 1. receives him respectfully, 3. his behaviour to him, 5. his power on the decline, 47. the King escapes from him, 48. he treats the King better after his return, ib. displeased at the King's favouring Hamilton and Lauderdale, 49. made to believe that the King would marry one of his daughters, 50. dissuades the King's marching into England, 53.
Argyle, ninth earl of: see lord Lorne.
Arians, x. 162.
Aristotle quoted, iv. 305.
Armagh, archbishop of: see Usher.
Arminian points, contentions concerning, i. 194–5.
Arminians, x. 162.
Armorer, sir Nicholas, xiv. 136.
Army. The King raises au army against the Scots, ii. 25. discovery of an alleged army-plot, iii. 167. the petition intended to be subscribed by the officers, 170. the meeting thereupon, and proceedings on its discovery, 171–178, 218, 223–229. proceedings about the disbanding the Scottish and English armies, 232. iv. 1, 4. the armies disbanded, iv. 14. differences between the Parliament and army, through Cromwell's instigation, x. 79. divers sects increase in the army, ib. Cromwell the real head of the army, 81. the army erects a kind of parliament within itself, 82. agitators, as well as a council of officers, appointed by the army, 83. their first resolutions, ib. the Parliament's declaration thereupon, 87. afterwards rased out of their journal book, ib. a committee of the Parliament appointed to treat with a committee of the army, ib. Cromwell's behaviour at first in these mutinies, 88. the army seize upon the King, 90–2. alarm of Parliament upon notice of the army's coming towards London, 92. different designs of the Parliament and army relating to the King, 101–2. the army wholly disposed to Cromwell's designs, 104. impeached eleven members of the House of Commons, 105. the two Speakers of Parliament, with other members, join the army on Hounslow-heath, 108–110. the city submits, 112. Fairfax brings back the Speakers and other members, 113. the army quarters upon the city, 114. begins to be less regardful of the King, 122, 125. Levellers grow up in the army, 126, 140. the Large Remonstrance of the army to the Parliament, xi. 184, 202. another declaration of the army to them, 204. Fairfax marches to London, ib. consultations among the officers about the King, 224–7. the army desires the Parliament to dissolve, xiv. 3, 4. a new council of officers, who consult about the government, xvi. 6. their address to Richard Cromwell, ib. who at their instigation dissolves the Parliament, 11. the Long Parliament restored by them, 12. which appoints all military commissions to be signed by their Speaker, 20. petition and proposals of Lambert's army, 79–80. the council of officers prepare a petition to Parliament, 81. the Parliament makes void all money acts, that there may be nothing to maintain the army, 82. cashiers Lambert and eight other officers, and appoints seven commissioners to govern the army, ib. Lambert prevents the Parliament from sitting, 84–5. the officers appoint certain general officers, 86. a committee of safety constituted by the army, 90. Cobbett sent to persuade Monck to concur with the army, and another sent to the army in Ireland, 92. Monck declares for the Parliament, 94. Lambert sent against him, il. several troops declare for the Parliament, 104, 107, 110. Lambert's army is dissolved, 110. Charles II's letter to general Monck and the army, 181–192. their glad reception of it, 214. Armyn, sir William, one of the committee sent with the King into Scotland, iii. 255 one of those sent by Parliament to treat with him at Oxford, vi. 318, 369. one of the commissioners sent by Parliament into Scotland for relief, vii. 135.
Arpos, vii. 310.
Arragon, xvi. 68.
Arran, Isle of, xiii. 2.
Arras, account of the siege of, xv. 136.
Array, commissions of, attempted to be revived by Charles I, v. 364.
Arundel, Thomas Howard, earl of, ii. 48. v. 48. vi. 401. vii. 369 n. 6. his character, i. 118, 119. married one of the heiresses of the earl of Shrewsbury, 119. purchased sta-pg 300tues, &c., in Italy, i.119. general of the army against the Scotch Covenanters, ib. ii. 25. how he received their letter to him, 44. made Lord Steward, 66. not employed in the second expedition to Scotland, 81. presided at Strafford's trial, iii. 101. died in Italy, i. 119. his religion doubtful, ib.
Arundel, earl of: see lord Mowbray.
Arundel, (Alethea Talbot,) countess of, i. 119.
Arundel of Wardour, Thomas, lord, wounded at Lansdown, vii. 109.
Arundel, John, of Trerice, governor of Pendennis, vi. 244, 397. vii. 121 n., 390. ix. 147, 152, 158. x. 73. his daughter, vii. 121 n.
Arundel, John, his son, vii. 121 n.
Arundel, colonel Richard, another son, afterwards lord Arundel of Trerice, vii. 121 n. ix. 105, 147. x. 73. xiv. 143. xvi. 26.
Arundel castle, taken by lord Hopton, vii. 401 n. viii. 3, 6. retaken by sir W. Waller, vii. 401 n. viii. 10, 12.
Arundels, the, x. 77.
Ascham, Anthony, sent agent into Spain by the Parliament, xiii. 8, 9. killed by some officers at Madrid, 10, 25. what was done in consequence, 11–16.
Asculum, vii. 131. Ashburnham, colonel, v. 432, 437, 441 n. 2. vi. 7, 245, 246, 249. viii. 281, 432 n. sæpe. ix. 20 n. 48. concerned in the alleged armyplot, iii. 192 n., 224, 225, 226. iv. 4. v. 440 n. governor of Weymouth, viii. 60. quitted it upon the approach of the earl of Essex, ib.
Ashburnham, John, ix. 164. x. 12 n., 22, 46, 115. sent to lord Deincourt for money, vi. 59, 60. one of the commissioners at Uxbridge, viii. 211. entirely trusted by the King, x. 22, 130. attended him when he rendered himself to the Scottish army, 33. being forbidden to attend the King, he went to Paris, 21, 36, 51 n. his return, 97. not favoured by the Queen, ib. his and sir J. Berkeley's transactions with some officers in the army, x. 98–100, 122, 125. confers with and depends upon Cromwell, 115, 134; how far concerned in the King's leaving Hampton Court, and putting himself into the hands of col. Hammond, 127–134, 136. wrote an apology for his conduct, 134. he and sir J. Berkeley became enemies in consequence of this business, 133. acquitted both by Charles I and Charles II of any treasonable intentions in the matter, ib. his marriage, 132.
Ashley or Astley, sir Jacob, afterwards lord, iv. 2, 14. v. 4, 169, 193. vi. 1, 74. vii. 201 n. viii. 5, 46, 48, 109. ix. 161. made major-general of the King's foot, v. 375, 441 n. 3. wounded at Edge-hill, vi. 94. governor of Plymouth, vii. 290. takes possession of Beading, vii. 212, 237. much consulted by the King on military affairs, viii. 28. his character, 32. at the second battle of Newbury, 157. made a baron, ix. 37. his part in the battle of Naseby, 37, 39. the command of the posse comitatus of the Welsh counties given to him, 71, 161. defeated near Stowon-the-Wold, ix. 146. x. 31.
Ashton, colonel, executed in 1658, xv. 102.
Assembly of divines, 1642, iv. 72. v. 135. vi. 231. vii. 23, 52, 175, 263, 414. viii. 186, 226. ix. 163. x. 123, 162. xiv. 51.
Assembly of the Kirk of Scotland: see Scotland.
Assizes forbidden by Parliament to be held in Lent term, 1643, vi. 378–380.
Association of eastern counties formed under the earl of Manchester, viii. 18. association in the west, of which the prince of Wales is made governor, 256.
Astley: see Ashley.
pg 301Aston, lord, his death, ii. 52.
Aston, sir Arthur, vii. 24, 121 n. made colonel-general of the King's dragoons, vi. 74. a papist, 75, 287. his part in the battle of Edge-hill, 82, 85. made commissary-general of the horse, 155. and governor of Reading, 126 n., 155. besieged there and wounded, vii. 28, 38 n. of much greater reputation than he deserved, 38 n., 121 n. believed not to be so badly wounded as he pretended, 42. made governor of Oxford through the Queen's influence, viii. 121. unfavourable account of him, ib. his hatred of colonel Gage, 122. loses his leg by an accident, 165. pensioned and discharged from service, in consequence, ib. endeavours to hinder Gage's appointment as his successor, ib. governor of Tredagh, xii. 74.
Athens, v. 284.
[Atherton Moor, the battle of, vii. 135 n.]
Atkins, sergeant, vi. 231.
Attorney-general usually advanced to be Keeper of the Great Seal, i. 96. not usual for him to be a member of Parliament, iii. 82.
Aubigny, George Stewart, lord d', fell at Edge-hill, vi. 88n., 89. vii. 61. xi. 222. a suspicion that he was killed by one of his own officers, vi. 88 n., 91. notice of him, ib. his son succeeded as duke of Richmond, ib.
Aubigny, Catherine Howard, lady d', vii. 42. concerned in the design of Mr. Waller and Mr. Tomkins, 61, 65, 72. imprisoned by the Parliament in consequence, 64. xi. 222. and would have been put to death had she not escaped to Oxford, ib. married lord Newburgh, 221–2. escaped afterwards to the Hague, xii. 19. where she died, 22. her character, and share in the King's affairs, 20.
Auboyne: see Aboyne.
Auburn Chase, battle there, vii. 207–8.
Augier, or Aulgier, R., an agent of the Parliament in France, vi. 176.
Aumigeu, John, signed the Levellers' address to Charles II, xv. 118.
Austria, archduke of: see Leopold.
Aviliana, princess of, married the duke of Medina de las Torres, xii. 107.
Axtell, colonel, xvi. 150.
Aynho, vi. 98.
Ayscue, sir George, takes or sinks thirty sail of the Dutch merchants, xiii. 163. fights the Dutch fleet near Plymouth, ib. Scilly delivered up to him, 173.B
Badajoz, xii. 105.
Baggot, colonel, made governor of Lichfield by prince Rupert, vii. 34.
Bainton: see Baynton.
Baker, colonel, taken prisoner at Cropredy-bridge, viii. 66.
[Balcanquall, Walter, iv. 43 n.]
Balcarras, Alexander Lindsay, lord, afterwards earl of, desired Hyde's removal from Charles II, xiv. 63. urges the King to go to Scotland, 108.
Balfour, sir William, [lieutenant of the Tower, iii. 200 n.]. dismissed by Charles I from being lieutenant of the Tower, iv. 101, 147. how the House of Commons took his dismissal, 102. observations on his discharge, 147. in command of the Parliament horse at the battle of Edge-hill, vi. 79 and n., 81, 92. vii. 75. reminded by the earl of Lindsey of his obligations to the King, 92. ordered to observe sir W. Waller's commands, viii. 9. present with him at the battle of Alresford, 13. escapes with Essex's horse through the King's army in Cornwall, viii. 96 n., 115, 131.
Ball, sir Peter, one of the commis-pg 302sioners for the county of Devon, ix. 17. desires that lord Goring should be lieut.-gen.to the Prince, 20. concerned in the design of a petition to the Prince to propose peace, 82 n.
Ballard, colonel, v. 446 n.
Balthazer, colonel, xv. 24.
Baltic, the, xiv. 27.
Bampfield, or Bampford, colonel, notice of, viii. 10. desires to become governor of Arundel castle, ib. aids the escape of the duke of York beyond sea, xi. 19, 20. made groom of his bedchamber, 21. indignant at sir J. Berkeley being made the duke's governor, ib. concerned in the factions in the Prince's fleet at Helvoetsluys, 33–35, 127. dismissed from attendance on the duke, for infusing into him a desire to command the fleet, 141.
Bampford: see Bampfield.
Banbury castle, v. 441 n. 2. vi. 79 n., 80, 83, 155, 274, 278, 283, 397. vii. 49, 204. viii. 26, 63, 162. ix. 122, 132. xii. 151. taken by the King, vi. 98, 99, 101. besieged by col. Fiennes, viii. 148. relieved by the earl of Northampton, 152.
Bancroft, Eichard, archbishop of Canterbury, eulogium of, i. 186.
Banks, sir John, vi. 231, 396. Attorney-general, made C. J. Common Pleas, iii. 82. an idea of making him Keeper of the Great Seal, v. 209. notice of his character, ib. vi. 396. signed the declaration that the King had no intention of war, v. 346. his house, Corfe castle, defended by his lady, vii. 191.
Barclay, Rob., one of the Scottish commissioners at Uxbridge, viii. 211.
Bard, sir Henry, governor of Campden house, ix. 32.
Barebone, Praise-God, a leatherseller, an eminent speaker in the Parliament which was named after him, xiv. 15. presents a petition to Parliament from the fanatics, xvi. 127. for which they are thanked, 128.
Barnet, Hertfordshire, xiv. 61.
Barnstable, vii. 194, 196. ix. 22, 27, 43, 44, 48, 49–53, 57–60, 63, 66, 75, 103, 113, 117, 139. yielded to colonel Digby, vii. 197. viii. 147.
Barrow, col., sent into Ireland by the Committee of Safety, xvi. 92.
Basing, Hants, viii. 34.
Basing-house, the seat of the marquis of Winchester, attempt to surprise it, viii. 139. besieged, but relieved by col. Gage, viii. 123–130. again besieged and relieved, 148, 153, 164. taken by Cromwell, ix. 162.
Basingstoke, Hants, viii. 123 n., 129.
Basset, sir Arthur, governor of the Mount in Cornwall, ix. 158.
Bastile, the, vii. 299.
Bastwick, John, M.D., his prosecution in the Star-chamber, i. 197. iii. 57 n., 60. his character, iii. 57 n., 60. punished for libelling, 62. petitions on his behalf, 63. entry into London on his release from prison, 57 n., 64. taken prisoner by the King at Leicester, v. 418–9.
Bath, vi. 3. vii. 101–105, 110, 123. viii. 72. ix. 7 n., 11, 14, 20, 50. the King and prince Rupert there, viii. 159.
Bath, Henry Bourchier, fifth earl of, iii. 159. signed the declaration that the King had no intention of war, v. 346. sent with the marq. of Hertford into the West, 385. committed to prison by the Parliament, vi. 36. signed the Peers' letter to the Council in Scotland, vii. 369 n. 6.
Bath and Wells, bishop of: see Pierce, Will.
Batten, captain William, surveyorgeneral of the navy, made viceadmiral, v. 44, 382. hostile to the King, 44, 378, 382. notice of his rise and character, 377 n. his part in preventing the fleet from pg 303declaring for the King, ib. his ships fire on the Queen at Burlington Bay, vi. 267. dissatisfied at Rainsborough's appointment to be admiral of a fleet, xi. 24. joins the Prince of Wales, is knighted, and made rear-admiral, 36. his appointment not liked by the sailors, 36, 139, 142. his conduct greatly censured, 84. retires with the leave of Charles II, 139.
Bayly, major gen., xiii. 52.
Baynton, Mr. Edward, v. 22.
Baynton, Sir Edward, vi. 196.
Beacon Hill, Cornwall, viii. 110.
Beale, William, dean of Ely, xiii. 27.
Beaufort, duc de, governor of Paris, xiii. 144.
Beaumont, Anthony and Mary, i. 15 n.
[Beaumont, ——B. C. priest, xi. 124 n.]
Beckly, colonel, vii. 80.
Beckwith,—a gentleman of Yorkshire, endeavoured to effect the delivery of Hull to the King, v. 155.
Bedford, Francis Russell, fourth earl of, iii. 178, 212 [255 n.]. iv. 122. vi. 66 n., 95 n., 410.,. a commissioner to treat with the Scots at Ripon, ii. 107, 108. his character, iii. 25, 192. Pym wholly devoted to him, 30. St. John intimately trusted by him, 32. sworn a PrivyCouncillor, 50. one of the leaders in the House of Lords, 55 n. was proposed to be Treasurer, 84, 88. vii. 411. gets St. John made solicitor-general, iii. 85. supported the bill for tonnage and poundage, 88. did not desire alteration in Church government, 144. laboured to save Strafford's life, 160 n. conversation with Hyde concerning Stratford and the King's desires, 161–2. desirous of healing the breaches between the King and the people, 175. undertook to save lord Strafford's life, 192. his death and character, 191–2.
Bedford, William Russell, fifth earl of (afterwards duke of), vi. 239. vii. 184, 186, 187, 246. sent by the Parliament against the marquis of Hertford in Somerset, v. 441 n. 2. vi. 7. challenged by him to fight a duel, vi. 33. vii. 185. drives him from thence, vi. 33, 34. at the battle of Edge-hill, 79, 81. goes over to the King, vii. 174, 201 n. debate how he should be received, 178–180, 183–5; his reception, 189, 190. sued out his pardon, 245. present with the King at the battle of Newbury, 241, 308 n. returns to the Parliament, 248, 308. his estates in Devonshire granted to sir R. Greenvill by the King, ix. 62, 63. a member of Magd. Coll., Oxford, vii. 189.
Bedingfield, sir Thomas, committed to the Tower by the House of Lords for refusing to defend the Attorney-general, v. 47.
Beeston castle taken by lord Byron, vii. 401.
Bellasis, Henry, M.P. for Yorkshire, committed to the Tower in 1640, v. 162. signs the articles of neutrality agreed on in Yorkshire, vi. 257.
Bellasis, John, afterwards lord, joins, with a regiment, the King at Nottingham, vi. 62 n., 257. present at the siege of Bristol, vii. 128. where he was wounded, 121 n., 133. put in command of York, and the county, 400. defeated and taken by sir T. Fairfax at Selby, ib. vii. 415. viii. 201. appointed governor of Newark, ix. 129, 131. ordered by the King to surrender it, x. 34.
Bellièvre, Nic. fixed upon by Queen Henrietta and card. Mazarine as ambassador into England, x. 18. his instructions, 47. his negotiations at London, and after-pg 304wards at Newcastle with the King, 54–56
Bellingham,——killed at the battle of Edge-hill, vi. 97.
Benedictines, some privilege granted by Charles II, out of gratitude, to the, xiii. 109.
Bennet, sir Henry, secretary to the duke of York, xiii. 40–42. sent envoy to Madrid, xv. 81. mention of him, xvi. 56, 58, 66, 69, 170.
Bennett, colonel, vii. 194.
Bennett, sir Humphrey, distinguished himself at the second battle of Newbury, viii. 159.
[Bentley hall, Staffordshire, xiii. 88 n.]
Benyon: see Binion.
[Bergen-op-Zoom, i. 130 n.]
Berkeley: see Barclay.
Berkeley, colonel, wounded and taken prisoner at Chalgrove, vii. 80.
Berkeley, George, twelfth lord, one of the committee sent to Charles II at the Hague, xvi. 239.
Berkeley, sir John, vii. 294. ix. 27, 61, 63, 64, 76, 92. x. 125. xiii. 40, 121 n.. sets out for Holland, being obnoxious to the Parliament, v. 432. but returns, ib. sent into the west, 385., 443. joins the marquis of Hertford at Sherborne, vi. 7. sent by him into Cornwall, 33. joined in the command of the western parts, 245, 246. advances with others to Tavistock, 249. overruns Devon, 250. at the battle of Stratton, vii. 88, 89. at the skirmish at Chewton, 101. sent back into Devonshire, 103. besieges Exeter, 151, 192, 193. sends colonel Digby into the north of Devon, 194. reinforces lord Hopton in Hants, vii. 401 n. viii. 1. governor of Exeter, viii. 147. takes command of sir R. Greenvill's forces, ix. 15. captures Wellington-house, ib. besieges Taunton, 16. sir R. Greenvill hostile to him, 15, 22, 24. his complaints against Greenvill, 25. how Greenvill had been benefited by him, 61. cause of their animosities, 24, 64. colonel-general of Devon and Cornwall, 25. ordered to carry on the siege of Plymouth, 26, 27, 43, 56, 60. gives it up to Digby, 93. sent by the Prince of Wales to confer with lord Goring, 48. attends the Prince at Barnstaple, 54. after his surrender of Exeter waits upon the Queen at Paris, x. 96. sent by her to the King, ib. his and Mr. Ashburnham's transactions with some officers of the army, 98–100, 122, 125, 135. his part in the King's escape from Hampton-court and going to the Isle of Wight, 127–8, 136. some notice of him, 130. wrote an apology for his conduct as to the King's escape, 134. he and Ashburnham became enemies in consequence of this affair, 133. acquitted both by Charles I and II of any treasonable intentions, ib. transports himself again into France, ib. made governor to the duke of York in the absence of lord Byron, xi. 21. not agreeable to the duke, 33. his conduct in this post, 127. xiii. 122. being superseded by lord Byron, he does not accompany the duke to Brussels, xiii. 41. favoured by the Queen, 122. urges the duke to join the French army, ib. claims the Mastership of Wards, 124. Hyde tries to dissuade him, 125, 126. the King denies it him, 126. whereupon he breaks with Hyde, 127. Charles I had not a very good opinion of him, 125. on lord Byron's death has the management of the duke of York's affairs, 148. suggests madlle. de Longueville for the duke's wife, 149. discussions thereon, 150–1.
Berkeley, sir William, governor of Virginia, surrenders it to the Parliament forces, xiii. 173. suffered to remain there as a private man, ib.
pg 305Berkeley, sir Robert, judge K. B., committed to the Tower and fined, vii. 262.
Berkshire, Thomas, lord Howard of Charlton, first earl of, ix. 148. a commissioner to treat with the Scots at Ripon, ii. 107. signed the declaration that the King had no intention of war, v. 346. committed to the Tower by the Parliament, vi. 36. notice of his character, 390. made governor of the Prince of Wales, vii. 324. signed the Peers' letter to the Council in Scotland, 369 n. 6. the King regrets having appointed him his son's governor, viii. 180. at variance with the Prince's council, ix. 18 n., 19, 53 n., 77. jealous of the Prince's intention of going into France, 147. or into Jersey, x. 5. returns into England from Jersey upon the Prince's going into France, 48.
Berkshire, second earl of: see lord Howard of Charlton.
Berwick, ii. 84. iv. 11, 207 n,. vii. 201,369 n. 7. ix. 123. x. 160,164,, 171,. xi. 18,45,49, 71,94. xvi. 94, 103. [App. vol. vi. p. 293.] taken by the earl of Essex, ii. 30. and note to i. 166. the King encamps near it, ii. 38. taken by sir M. Langdale, xi. 48, 50–1. delivered to the Parliament, 95.
Betteley,——, executed in 1658, xv. 102.
Beverley, v. 91, 385, 386, 387, 388, [420 n.], 432, 434 n., 436, 437, 441 n. 2, 443. vi. 3. xi. 231.
[Beverning, Hieron., ambassador from Holland, xiv. 29 n.]
Beza, Theodore, xi. 171.
Biboni, Franc, Polish ambassador at Madrid, xii. 95.
Biffi, Geronymo, minister of the archduke of Innspruck at Madrid, xii. 97.
Billeting of soldiers opposed in 1627, i. 87.
Binion or Benyon, George, disfranchised, imprisoned, and fined by Parliament for contriving the London petition against their settling the militia, v. 51.
Birmingham, vi. 76. a town 'generally wicked' towards the King, vi. 83. vii. 31. taken by prince Rupert, vii. 31–33.
Bishops : see Episcopacy; Scotland. How their attendance at the earl of Strafford's trial was set aside, iii. 102. wrong in acquiescing, 104. a bill passed by the Commons to take away the bishops' votes, 66,148. vii. 229. rejected by the Lords, iii. 153. a bill brought into the Commons for extirpating bishops, &c., 155. laid by, 156. revived and committed, 240. laid aside, 231 n., 242. bishops censurable for not advising the King to persist in his refusal to sign the bill condemning the earl of Strafford for treason, 199. abuses in exercise of their power, 258, 260. a new bill in the Commons to take away their votes, iv. 33, 94 n. depending in the House of Lords, 104. the Commons move to address the King to make no more bishops, 35. the bishops intimidated by the mob from attending the House of Lords, 119. assaulted, 129 n.,139. ill-advised by archbp. Williams to protest against the proceedings of the House during their absence, 139. [App. vol. vi. p. 295.] their protest, 140. censure of this measure, 145. twelve that subscribed accused of treason by the Commons, and sent to the Tower, 142. [App. vol. vi.p. 296.] the bill depriving them of their votes pressed by the Commons, iv. 214. passed by the Lords, 274. passed by the King, 302. notice of the objections to their votes, xvi. 4. the twelve imprisoned bishops bailed by the House of Lords, iv. 312. but re-committed to the Tower by the Commons, ib.
pg 306Blague, colonel, governor of Wallingford, vii. 201 n.
Blake, admiral Robert, [xii. 112 n.] xvi. 153. encounters the Dutch fleet, xiii. 159. takes their fishing boats and guardships, 162. beats their fleet again, 168. appointed one of the three admirals of the fleet in 1653, though not thought to be enough devoted to Cromwell, xiv. 27. the Dutch beaten by this fleet, 28, 31. sent with a fleet in 1655 into the Mediterranean, 7, 9. forces Algiers to submit, 12. burns the fleet of Tunis, ib. ordered to watch for the Spanish plate-fleet, 14. captures part of it, 26. Mountague joined in commission with him, ib. beats a Spanish fleet at Santa Cruz, 53–6. dies on his way home, 57. his burial and character, ib.
Blake, colonel, vi. 126 n.
Blavett,——, xii. 81.
Blay, France, xii. 81.
Blunt, sir Charles, viii. 38.
Boarstall house, Buckinghamshire, retaken by colonel Gage for the King, viii. 58. successfully defended, ix. 34, 36.
Bois: see Boys.
Boles [Bowles], colonel, killed in an action at Alton, viii. 9.
Bolingbroke, Oliver St. John, earl of, vi. 93. one of the parliamentary commissioners for the new great seal, vii. 315. one of the few peers who attended Parliament, 369 n. 5, 375.
Bond,—, of Dorchester, iv. 36.
Bonkley, sir Charles, misprint for Berkeley, q.v.
Bonn, castle of the Elector of Cologne there, xiv. in.
Booth, sir George, xvi. 45, 76, 154, 155, 158. undertakes to possess himself of Chester for Charles II, 26. seizes it, 38, 44. issues a declaration, 39. fears that he was premature, 40. Lambert sent against him, 41. who routs his army and takes Chester, ib. he escapes, but is taken and sent to the Tower, ib. released from prison, and chosen a member of the new Parliament, 151. one of the committee sent to wait on the King at the Hague, 239.
Boreel, sir Will., Dutch ambassador at Paris, xiii. 165.
Borgia, Cæsar, x. 168.
[Bossiney, Cornwall, iii. 5 n.]
Boswell, sir William, the King's resident in Holland, xi. 213.
Bosworth, Leic, x. 28.
Boteler, sir William, killed in the battle at Cropredy, viii. 66.
Bourchier, George, hanged for conspiring to deliver up Bristol to the King, vii. 53.
Bourton - on - the -Water, Worcestershire, viii. 49.
Bowing at the name of Jesus, complaints against clergy for, iii. 56. forbidden by Parliament, iv. 8.
Boys, or Bois, colonel, governor of Donnington castle, vii. 212. bravely defended it, viii. 113, 151, 161. knighted, 152.
Boysivon, P. de, French agent in Scotland, vii. 307.
Brabant, —— , unjustly hung by sir R. Greenville, ix. 55.
Brabazon, Edward, vii. 366.
Brachamonte, don Diego de, xii. 108.
pg 307[Bracy, Mary, vii. 85 n.]
Bradford, Yorkshire, vi. 261.
Bradshaw, John, made lord president of the court to try King Charles, xi. 220. notice of him, ib. his conduct in the trial, 232, 234. and at the trial of lord Capel, 257. to have been excepted from pardon, xii. 45.
Braganza, duke of: see Portugal, King of.
Brainford, or Brentford, earl of: see Brentford.
[Bramhall, J., archbp. of Armagh, iii. 93 n.]
Bramston, sir John, chief justice, vi. 76, 231.
Brandon, Charles, duke of Suffolk. ix. 72.
Brandon given to col. Gerard, the title of baron, ix. 72.
Brecknock, the King there, ix. 72,
Breda, xii. 52, 55, 56,121, 122,132. xiii. 46. xiv. 106, 129, 137. xv. 140. xvi. 168, 173, 176, 179, 180, 212, 223, 228, 230, 232, 233, 234, 235. the King's letters, &c., from thence, 181 et seqq.
Brent, sir Nathaniel, a commissioner to reform the university of Oxford, x. 123.
Brentford, Middlesex, vi. 126 n., 134–142, 153, 154; 235. 245. 231. x. III. the battle there, vi. 135. xiv. 50.
Brentford, or Brainford, earl of; Ruthven, Patrick, afterwards earl of Brentford, earl of Forth in Scotland, vii. 74 n., 75, 279, 376, 392. viii. 96 n. ix. 106, 133, 148, 376, 388. governor of Edinburgh castle, i. 166 n. ii. 55. made field-marshal, vi. 74. appointed general of the King's army on the death of the earl of Lindsey, 98. unsuccessful at Beading, vii. 35. conducts the siege of Gloucester, 164, 201 n. writes to the earl of Essex, 388.
great friendship between him and lord Hopton, viii. 12. was present with him at the battle of Alresford, 13. made earl of Brentford, 28, 94. much consulted by the King on military affairs, 28. his character, 29, 30, 94, 168. present at Cropredy, 64. wounded in the second battle of Newbury, 160. prince Rupert made general in his stead, 163, 168, 258. an ill keeper of secrets, ix. 77.
Brereton, sir William, M.P. for Cheshire, hostile to the Church, vi. 269. marches into Cheshire, ib. fortifies Nantwich, 270. notice of his character and conduct, 272. present at the battle of Hoptonheath, 278. his and sir J. Gell's unreasonable demand for ransom for the earl of Northampton's body, 284. the strength of his forces, vii. 368. joined by sir T. Fairfax, 403.
Brett, captain Edward, viii. 108.
Brett, colonel, vi. 291.
Bridgeman [sir Orlando], notices of him, iv. 204 n, vi. 270. viii. 211. one of the commissioners at Uxbridge, viii. 211, 233.
Bridges, captain, viii. 1.
Bridges, major, drowned, viii. 50.
Bridgewater, vii. 101. viii. 114, 147. ix. 10, 13, 16–20, 22, 23, 28, 30, 31,44,49, 50, 57, 58,80. x. 75. taken by the marquis of Hertford, vii. 97, 100. retaken by sir T. Fairfax, ix. 68, 100.
Bristol, vi. 3, 7, 288, 322. vii. 29, 100, 101 n., 102, 110 bis, 118, 138, 151, 152, 156, 157, 158, 163, 164, 176, 177, 181, 188, 191, 199, 200, 201 n., 237, 239, 239, n., 265, 290, 294, 298, 319–21, 368, 369 n. 4, 8, 396, 401 n., 408. viii. 1, pg 30842, 72, 86, 89, 148, 180, 254, 257, 258, 279, 286. ix. 6, 7 n., 10, 11, 13–16, 19–21, 23, 28, 42, 44, 49, 57, 66–68, 76, 80, 81, 91, 92, 98, 100, 120, 121, 128, 151. xiii. 90. xvi. 25, 96. a design of giving up the city to prince Rupert discovered, vii. 53, 121 n. besieged by him, and surrendered, 121 n., 123–134. xv. 57. The King goes there, viii. 146, 147. prince Rupert appointed governor, and Hopton lieutenant-governor, 147. dismay of Parliament at its loss, 165. the plague there, ix. 43. besieged by Fairfax, 87, 88. delivered up by prince Rupert, 84, 85, 89, 90. Charles II goes there in his escape after the battle of Worcester, xiii. 91.
Bristol, John Digby, first earl of, i. 79. v. 434 n. 3. vi. 6. ix. 27 n., 93. xii. 61. as ambassador extraordinary in Spain negotiated the marriage between prince Charles and the infanta, i. 20. duke of Buckingham's reflections against him respecting this match, 38. vi. 388. the real reason of his being recalled from Madrid, i. 39, 41. King James's opinion of him, ib. accused of treason and committed to the Tower, 46. v. 48. accuses Buckingham of treason, i. 46. Buckingham quarrels with him in Spain, 75. a commissioner to treat with the Scots at Ripon, ii. 107. sworn a privy-councillor, iii. 50. committed to the Tower by Parliament, v. 52. signed the declaration that the King had no intention of war, 346. excepted by Parliament from making their peace on any terms, vi. 50. his dismissal from the King's councils proposed by Parliament, 231. his character, 388. committed to the Tower again, ib. signed the Peers' letter to the Council in Scotland, vii. 369 n. 6. retired into France at the end of the war, vi. 388. summoned from Caen to attend Prince Charles, xi. 23. by whom he was less regarded, owing to Mr. Elliot, xii. 60. died in France, vi. 388.
Bristol, second earl of: see Digby, lord George.
[Broad Windsor, Dorset, xiii. 102 n.]
Broghili, R. Boyle, lord, afterwards first earl of Orrery, x. 153. as president of Munster, was disposed towards Charles II from hatred of Lambert, xvi. 208, 210.
[Bromyard, Herefordshire, ix. 87 n.]
Brooke, Fulke Greville, first lord, Chancellor of the Exchequer, i. 104.
Brooke, Robert Greville, second lord, iii. 55 n., 128. iv. 204 n. refuses to make the protestation of loyalty at York, ii. 36. and note to i. 166. a commissioner to treat with the Scots at Ripon, ii. 107. concurred in the prosecution of Strafford and Laud, iii. 28. a positive enemy to the whole fabric of the Church, 146. governed for the Parliament in Warwickshire, v. 441 n. 2. vi. 83. driven thence by the earl of Northampton, 283. mentioned as one whom the King would indict for treason, 441 n. 4. certain counties associated against the King under his command, vi. 274. shot in besieging the Close at Lichfield, 276. his character, 277. Brooke, Robert Greville, fourth lord, one of the committee sent to wait on Charles II at the Hague, xvi. 239.
Broughton castle, near Banbury, vi. 79 n. taken by the King, 98.
Browne, colonel, x. 90.
Browne, major-general, commanded the Parliament garrison at Abingdon, viii. 120, 123 n. a stout and vigilant officer, ib. one of the committee appointed by Parliament to receive Charles I at Newcastle, x. 70. one of the leading men in the House of Commons, 104. committed to prison by the House, xi. 208.
Browne, Jeffery, one of the commissioners of trust in Ireland, sent to treat with the duke of Lorraine, xiii. 176.
Browne, sir John, viii. 157. [xiii. 52 n.]
pg 309Browne, Samuel, vi. 231. one of the Parliament commissioners intrusted with the new great seal, vii. 315.
Brownrigge, Ralph, made bishop of Exeter, iv. 34.
Bruce of Kinloss, Edward, lord, slain in a duel with the earl of Dorset, i. 130.
Bruce, Robert, lord, one of the committee sent to wait on Charles II at the Hague, xvi. 239.
Bruges, xv. 66, 67, 70, 75, 77, 78, 81, 82, 86, 101, 131, 132, 142. Charles II removes there from Cologne, xv. 20–22.
Brussels, vi. 176. viii. 122. xi. 251. xii. 15, 49, 50, 51, 53, 57, 59, 108. xiii. 31, 34, 40, 41, 42, 178. xv. 18, 19, 20, 70, 74, 79, 80, 81, 132, 134, 140, 142. 23, 32, 34, 35, 46, 58, 73, 112, 138, 139, 156, 165, 168, 170, 176, 209, 210, 228, 229, 230, 232.
Bruton, Somerset, xiii. 30.
Buck, colonel sir Brutus, at the siege of Bristol, vii. 127. killed there, 121 n., 127, 132. notice of him, 121 n., 132.
Buckhurst, Thomas Sackville, lord, created earl of Dorset by King James, i. 129. educated his grandchild Edward, ib.
Buckhurst, Richard Sackville, lord, afterwards fifth earl of Dorset, committed to prison by Parliament, vi. 203.
Buckingham, George Villiers, first duke of, i. 104, 124, 141. iii. 27, 35. iv. 100 n., 127. v. 204. vi. 66, 396. vii. 133. viii. 264. x. 148. xi. 240. xiii. 83. advised the dissolutions of the two first Parliaments of Charles I, i. 9. to escape impeachment, 9, 50. this advice the cause of his murder, 50. his conduct easily accounted for, 10. blasphemously called our Saviour by sir E. Coke, ib. his rise, first owing to the handsomeness of his person, 14. which was universally admired, 81. he was a younger son of sir G. Villiers, 14. partly educated in France,15. succeeded the earl of Somerset as the favourite of James I, 17. made cupbearer to him, 18. his numerous promotions, ib. had the disposal of all honours and offices, ib. how he dispensed them, ib. warden of the Cinque Ports, vi. 395. many thought that James grew weary of him, and would, had he lived, have deprived him of his power, i. 19. this not probable, ib. James never well pleased with him after the Prince's journey to Spain, 20, 31, 41. why and how he contrived the journey, 20. this the beginning of the confidence between him and the Prince, 21. his behaviour to the King on this occasion, 19. usually called Stenny by King James, 29, 141. his behaviour to sir Fr. Cottington, who opposed the journey to Spain, 30. behaviour to the earl of Bristol, 75. having offended the King in the breaking off of the Spanish match, he resolves to court the Barliament and people, 34. vi. 409. his account to Parliament of Charles's journey, i. 35. he reflects therein against the earl of Bristol, 38. whom he crushed, vi. 388. was the cause both of the rise and fall of the earl of Middlesex, i. 42, 43. offended King James by the impeachment of the earl, 43. the King's prophetic declaration respecting parliamentary impeachment, i. 44. continues King Charles's favourite after his accession, 45. and has the disposal of every thing, 48. brought Charles's bride from France, 51. general at the descent upon the isle of Rhé, ib. his brave conduct there, 65. assassination by Felton, at Portsmouth, 52–60. how the King received the news of his death, 62, 64. his character, 65–88; his respect to his mother, 83, 93. origin of his enmity to the earl of Oxford, 66. occasion of his enmity to sir Fr. Cottington, 67. how far afterwards reconciled, 69. his never pg 310gaining a true friend a chief cause of his misfortunes, 70. inherited a vast fortune by his wife (Catharine Manners), 71. two particulars most hurtful to his reputation, 73. the first, his engaging King James in a war with Spain, in consequence of his quarrel with Olivarez, 74, 75, 77. the second, his involving him in a war with France, owing to [his passion for the French Queen], 81. these two wars the cause of his ruin, 88. endeavoured to estrange Charles from his wife, 82, 83. an account of a prediction of his death, 89–93. the bishop of Lincoln removed from the Keepership of the Great Seal owing to his displeasure, 96. he made Weston Lord Treasurer, 101. the earl of Manchester rose by his favour, 116. vi. 407. and the earl of Holland, i. 137. and sir D. Carleton, 144. guided by Laud in the disposal of the Church preferment, 145. his cousin married to earl of' Manchester, iii. 27. vi. 407. his niece married to lord Howard of Escrick, iv. 17. his daughter married to the duke of Richmond, vi. 384. he sought the friendship of lord Say, but soon cast him off, vi. 409. disfavoured H. Vane the elder, 411. favoured sir R. Greenville, viii. 134–5.
Buckingham, George Villiers, second duke of, xii. 124. xiii. 49, 58, 83, 138. joins the earl of Holland in his rising, xi. 5, 102. escapes into Holland, 104. the only English person of quality allowed to be about the King in Scotland, xiii. 3. gave himself wholly up to the marquis of Argyle, 47, 58. having broken off his friendship with duke Hamilton and the earl of Lauderdale, 49, 58. commissioned to raise regiments of horse and foot, 58. solicits the King whilst at Worcester to make him general in chief, but is refused, 72.
Buckinghamshire, v. 339. vi. 155, 316, 322 bis. vii. 74, 80 n. viii. 58. xvi. 147, 148. petition to the House of Commons, iv. 200. to the House of Lords, 203. and the King, ib., 210.
Bulkeley, Lancelot, archbishop of Dublin, vii. 366.
Bull-fights at Madrid, xii. 90.
Bullingbrook: see Bolingbroke.
Bullingdon, or Bowlingdon, Green, near Oxford, viii. 162.
Bunkly, lieutenant-colonel, viii. 129.
[Burgess, col. Roger, xiii. 170 n.]
Burgess, Dr. Cornelius, his influence in Parliament, iv. 33.
Burgos, xii. 84 n., 90 n.
Burlacy: see Borlase.
Burleigh-on-the-Hill, ix. 132.
Burley, captain, refuses to obey the earl of Warwick as admiral, v. 381. stirs up the people in the Isle of Wight for Charles I, x. 145. is condemned and executed, ib. xi. 198.
Burrow, Somerset, ix. 57.
Burton, Henry, his prosecution in the Star-chamber, i. 197. iii. 57 n. 62. his character, iii. 61. punished for libelling, 57 n., 62. entry into London on release from prison, 57 n., 64. his sermon entitled The Protestation protested, iv. 104. v. 23, 187, 273.
Bushell, Browne, executed by Cromwell, xiii. 117.
Bussy-Rabutin, Roger, xiv. 95.
Butler, lieutenant-colonel, viii. 117.
Byron, sir John, afterwards lord, vi. 33, 43, 44, 66 n, xi. 51 [185 n.]. xiii. 123. made lieutenant of the Tower, iv. 102, 147. the House of Commons petition for his removal, 183, 205, 237–8. the House of Lords refusing to join them, 237. his character, ib. the pg 311King dismisses him at his own request, 284. commanded the reserve in the King's army at Edgehill, vi. 79 n.,82. his part at Roundway-down, vii. 118. at the first battle of Newbury, vii. 234. signed the Peers' letter to the Council in Scotland, vii. 369 n. 6. notice of him as governor of Chester and Shropshire, vii. 401–403. ix. 32. his defeat at Nantwich, vii. 401 n., 403, 415, 416. viii. 201. made governor of the duke of York, xi. 21. gets possession of Anglesey, and disposes North Wales to aid the King in 1648, 41. accompanies the duke of York to the duke of Lorraine at Brussels, xiii. 41. not consulted about the duke's going there, 40. or about his proposed marriage, 42. opposed by sir J. Berkeley, 122. desired a military life for the duke of York and himself, ib. his death. 148.
Byron, sir Nicholas, v. 446 n. vi. 74, 80. wounded at Edge-hill, 94. made governor of Chester, 270. notice of him, ib.
Cadilliac, near Bordeaux, xii. 81.
Cadiz [Calice, Cales], xiii. 9. xv. 26, 53. unsuccessful attempt against, i. 5, 51, 85, 87. iv. 60. viii. 134.
Cæsar, Julius, iv. 20.
Cæsar, sir Julius, Master of the Rolls, i. 112.
Cæsar, Robert, story with relation to him and the earl of Portland, i. 112–114.
Calais, iii. 15 n., 16 n. vii. 357, 360. xi. 23, 31, 32, 78. xiii. 163. xiv. 60. xv. 139. xvi. 27, 35, 44, 230.
Calamy, Edmund, one of the presbyterian divines who had audienee of Charles II at the Hague, xvi. 242.
Cales: ses Cadiz.
Cambridge, university of, xiv. 48. xv. 131. contributions of plate and money for the use of Charles I, vi.
Cambridge, earl of: see duke of Hamilton.
Campden house, Worcestershire, burned by sir H. Bard, ix. 32.
[Campion, sir W., ix. 34 n.]
Cannae, vii. 310.
Canon Frome, Somerset, ix. 67.
Canons, Scottish: see Convocation, Liturgy.
Canticroy, countess of, xiii. 41.
Capel, Mr., M.P., iii. 90.
Capel, Arthur, lord, vii. 368. viii. 254. ix. 11, 77, 103, 105, 106, 133, 135, 136, 147, 158 n. x. 12n., 46, 74, 121. signed the declaration, that the King had no intention of war, v. 346. sent to borrow money of the earl of Kingston for the King, vi. 59. made lieutenant-general of Shropshire, Cheshire, and North Wales, vi. 272, 274. signed the Peers' letter to the Council in Scotland, vii. 369 n. 6. appointed one of the Council to the prince of Wales, viii. 180. one of the commissioners at Uxbridge, 211. sent to Taunton, ix. 15. and to Exeter, to investigate complaints against sir B. Greenvil, 23, 24. goes to Sicily, 150. x. 3. sent with Colepepper to Paris to dissuade the Queen pg 312from sending for the prince of Wales to France, 9. only partially prevailed, 21, 22. his opinion against the prince's going, 39, 40. remains in Jersey after his departure, 48. goes to the prince in France, x. 120. returns and waits on the King at Hampton Court, ib. was in the most secret part in all the intrigues in the King's favour, xi. 22. writes several letters to Hyde, ib. joins the rising in Essex, 60. is shut up in Colchester, 102. remonstrates in favour of his fellow-prisoners at Colchester, 107. how treated by Fairfax, 109. sent to the Tower, ib. tried in a high court of justice, 252. his behaviour at his trial, 255. condemned, 257. his escape and recapture, 260. his wife's petition rejected, chiefly through Cromwell, 261. nevertheless he was highly praised by Cromwell, 261, 266. beheaded, 265. his speech on the scaffold, 264–5. his character, 266–7. his wife, 266.
Capuchin friars, attendant upon the Queen, sent back to France by the Parliament, vi. 47.
Caracena, marquis of, xv. 70. xvi. 75, 76, 176, 177. governor of Milan, xv. 79. appointed to command the Spanish army in Flanders, xv. 17, 21. receives the marquis of Ormonde with great civility, 71. and the earl of Bristol, in spite of the great prejudice against him, 78, 79. he and don Juan neglect the prince of Condé's advice, 135. and lose the battle of Dunkirk in consequence, 138. he procures the recall of don Juan, xvi. 46. and obtains the government of Flanders for himself, ib. his intention of seizing Charles II, 178. twice invites him back to Brussels, but in vain, 228–9.
Carbery, Richard Vaughan, second earl of, baron Vaughan in England, signed the Peers' letter to the Council in Scotland, viii. 369 n. 6.
Cardenas, don Alonso de, ambassador from Spain in England, iii. 252. xii. 8, 9, 15, 52, 85, 107, 148. xiii. 8, 26. xv. 8, 18. xvi. 178, 229. treats with the parliament, ix. 173. xi. 251. malignant towards the King, xi. 251. buys many of his pictures, &c. after his murder, xi. 251. xiii. 25. makes it believed at Madrid that the King's affairs were desperate, xii. 108. xiii. 24. ordered by Cromwell to leave England, xv. 15. his intrigues with the Levellers, 19, 20. draws up the Spanish treaty with the King, 20, 21. Hyde sent to confer with him at Brussels, 70, 75. won over by the earl of Bristol, in spite of detesting him, 79. urges the King to make a conjunction with the Levellers, 133. don Juan recalled through his influence, and Caracena's, xvi. 46. continues firm to the Levellers, 166, 177. and possessed the Court of Madrid with the same spirit, 170.
Careless, captain, persuades Charles II to hide himself in the oak, xiii. 84. and conducts him thence to a place of safety, 85–7.
Carew, sir Alex., vi. 233, 241. Governor of Plymouth fortfor the Parliament, vii. 293–4. treats for surrendering it to the King's forces, but is arrested, 294.
Carleton, sir Dudley, afterwards viscount Dorchester, Secretary of State, i. 141. his character, 143. his previous occupations, ib.
Carlingford, earl of: see Taaffe.
Carlisle, ii. 84. iv. II, 207 n. vii. 401. viii. 78. x. 160, 164, 171. xi. 18, 45, 48, 51, 54, 94, 95. delivered to the Scots, ix. 72. taken by Sir P. Musgrave, xi. 48, 50. ordered to be surrendered to the Parliament, 96.
Carlisle, James Hay, first earl of. pg 313previously visc. Doncaster; his character, i. 132–136. first gentleman of the bedchamber to Charles I, 168. married, first, Lord Denny's daughter, 133. afterwards the earl of Northumberland's daughter, i. 134. vi. 398. and obtained the earl's release from prison, vi. 398.
Carlisle (Lucy Percy), countess of, vi. 79 n. xi. 65, 137. betrays the Queen's secrets, iv. 14, 78 n., 149 n.
Carlos, don, Infante of Spain, i. 75–78.
[Carnarvon Castle, iii. 62 n.]
Carnarvon, Bobert Dormer, first earl of, v. 441 n. vii. 94. signed the declaration that the King had no intention of war, v. 346. excepted by Parliament from peace on any terms, vi. 50. present at the battle of' Edge-hill, 79 n. his gallant conduct at Chewton, vii. 101, 102. his part in the battle at Lansdown, 106. and at Roundway-down,Lansdown 101 n., 116, 118. marches into Dorsetshire, 155, 191. Dorchester, Weymouth, and Portland, surrender to him, ib., 199. quits his command because the articles of surrender were violated, 192. slain at the battle of Newbury, 216. his character, ib.
[Carne, ——, one of the Six Clerks, i. 112 n.]
Carnwath, Robert Dalzell, second earl of, ix. 124. turns the King's horse out of the field of battle at Naseby, 40. marches with lord Digby to Doncaster, 124. after the defeat at Sherborne goes into Ireland, 126.
Carr. ——, governor of Cirencester, taken prisoner, vi. 238.
Carr. major, viii. 114.
Carr.ckfergus, iv. 285.
Carr.ngton, lord, viii. 15.
Carteret, or Cartwright, captain, afterwards sir George, x. 74. xi. 23 n. refuses the vice-admiralty under the earl of Warwick, v. 44, 382. supplies the King's forces in Cornwall with ammunition, vi. 253. had the command of Jersey under lord Jermyn, xii. 75. which he defended as long as he could, xiii. 170. ordered by the King to surrender on conditions, 171.
Carteret, sir Hugh, xi. 121.
Carthage, xv. 1.
Cartwright: see Carteret.
Casal, Italy, ix. 172.
Case, Thomas, one of the Presbyterian divines who had audience of Charles II at the Hague, xvi. 242.
[Cashiobury, Herts, xi. 266 n.]
Cassel: see Hesse Cassel.
Castile, xii. 84.
[Castle Cary, Somerset, xiii. 96 n.]
Castlehaven, James Touchet, earl of, xiii. 185.
Castleton, George Saunderson, lord, one of the committee sent to wait on Charles II at the Hague, xvi. 239.
Catherine, Abbot of St.: see Henin, S. de.
Cavaliers, v. 336, 364n. 19. vi. 31, 36. origin of the term, iv. 121. all are banished twenty miles from London in 1659, xvi. 21.
Cavendish, Charles, afterwards sir Charles, sent by the earl of Newcastle into Lincolnshire, vi. 268. present at the battle of Marston-moor, viii. 75. notice of him, ib.
Caversham, Oxon, x. 103.
Cecil, sir Robert, xiii. 30.
Cessation agreed on at Ripon, ii. 116. cessation of arms concluded for a year in Ireland, 1643, vii. 340. disowned by Parliament, ib.
pg 314Chafin, ——, D.D., i. 125.
Chagford, Devon, vi. 251.
Chaloner, ——, vii. 171. xi. 222. his trial and execution for a royalist plot in London, vii. 71, 171.
Chancellor of the Exchequer: see Hyde.
Chancellor of Scotland: see earl of Loudoun.
Chantilly, xiv. 76.
Charenton, the church there frequented by English ambassadors, vi. 184. xiii. 132. the ministers press Charles II to go to their church, xiii. 131. seconded by lord Jermyn, 132. Hyde dissuades him, 133. he refuses to go, 134.
As Prince of Wales, i. 139. iii. 61. vi. 388. how the duke of Buckingham induced him, when Prince, to go to Spain, i. 20. which was the commencement of the confidence between them, enmity previously existing, 21. how James's consent to the journey was obtained, 21–30. his reasons against it, 25. (Charles usually called Baby by King James), 29. sir Francis Cottington's opinion against it, 30. the Spanish match was broken off in consequence of this journey, 31. Buckingham's account of the journey to Parliament, 35. one statement was, that the Spaniards tried to persuade Charles to turn Papist, 36. the Parliament's resolution against Spain, 40. a pillar erected by the King of Spain where he and the Prince parted, 78. King James's prophetic declaration to his son concerning Parliamentary impeachments, 44. a treaty set on foot for his marriage with a daughter of the King of France, 47. the Parliament insinuated in 1648 that he had conspired against his father's life, x. 148.
As King, iii. 160, 228. iv. 99, 102, 208, 209. v. 440. vi. 86, 305. vii. 61, 133, 134, 178, 180, 206, 223, 242, 243, 308, 324, 325. viii. 83. ix. 16, 20 n., 21, 27. x. 96. xi. 22, 85. xii. 60, 62, 121, 151. xiii. 69, 122. xiv. 70, 86, 103, 120. xvi. 141, 142, 159, 211, 217, 222–5. great joy at his accession, 1, 48. state of the country then, 5. peace concluded with Spain and France, 5, 146. causes of an exhausted exchequer, 5. expedients for its replenishment, ib., 147. Charles's declaration at the close of the Parliament in his fourth year, 6. its ill effects, 147. who advised the dissolutions of the three first Parliaments, and why, 10. how he would have been benefited by not preventing Parliament from impeaching any of his servants, 11. state of the court about that time, 13. how he received the news of Buckingham's death, 62–4. respected his memory, 94. the marquis of Hamilton had great influence with him, 96. he twice paid the debts of lord treasurer Weston, 108. makes money by knighthood, 148. revives the forest laws, ib. levies ship-money, ib. notice of his character, 163. his journey into Scotland to be crowned, 166, 167, and note. his reception, 169. his intention of introducing the English liturgy into Scotland, 173, 179, and note to 166. his attachment to the Church of England, 172, 173. opposed to Romanism and Presbyterianism, 172, and note to 166. and to the Calvinists, 190. his feeling towards the Scotch nation, 179. ii. 17. erects the bishopric of Edinburgh, i. 182. unseasonably prefers some bishops in Scotland to secular offices, 183. his return to England, 185. his passion for hunt-pg 315ing, 208. makes a park between Richmond and Hampton Court, ib. in opposition to the advice of Juxon and Cottington, 209. and Laud, 210.
The disturbance in Scotland by the Covenanters the first interruption of the peace and prosperity of his reign, ii. 21. issues his Declaration at Large, 22. raises forces against the Covenanters, 25. appoints the earl of Arundel general, the earl of Essex lieut. general, and the earl of Holland general of horse, 25–27. provides a fleet under the marq. of Hamilton, 27. goes to the borders of Scotland, 38. supposed only to have intended a show of war, 46. concludes a treaty, 49. melancholic at the disgrace of this expedition, 54. calls a Parliament, April, 1640, 62. chiefly by advice of Strafford, i. 166 n. 5. offers to it to give up ship-money for twelve subsidies, ii. 70. i. 166 n. 5. dissolves it, owing to misrepresentations, ii. 76. i. 166 n. 5. to his own great regret, 79. money lent him, ib. i. 166 n. 7. prepares for a new war against the Scotch, 80–83. arrives at York, 91. summons a great council of peers at York, 95. allows the marq. of Hamilton to ingratiate himself with the Scotch Covenanters, 104–106. declares his intention of calling a Parliament, 107. appoints Commissioners to treat with the Scots at Ripon, 107. advised by Strafford to prosecute the war, 114. adjourns the treaty to London, whither he returns, 115, 117, 127.
Receives the Scotch Commissioners at London, iii. 37. allows the Privy-councillors to be examined about the earl of Strafford, 46. passes a subsidybill, &c. 1641, 77, 78. appoints several of the Parliamentary party to office, in hopes of saving Strafford, 89. present at Strafford's trial, 105. willing to have him imprisoned for life, or banished, 161. approves of a proposed petition from some officers in the army, 174. copy of the petition, 170–3. he declares before Parliament that he could not sign the bill for Strafford's attainder, 193–4. which is resented by the Commons, 195. the mob endeavour to intimidate the King, 197. who is advised on all sides to give consent, 197–200. signs it by commission, 201. signs the bill giving to Parliament the power of dissolving itself, 206, 210. and the bills abolishing the Star-Chamber and High Commission, 211. effects on the Commons, 230. the Kingmakes the earl of Essex lord-chamberlain, 213. proposes to go to Scotland, 232. petitioned by Parliament to defer his visit, 243. he begins his journey, 247. the reasons for his journey to Scotland, 249–50. arrives at York, iv. 1. why anxious to go to Scotland, iii. 249. attended into Scotland by a committee of Parliament, 255. iv. 16. prevailed on by Parliament to recall his leave to the disbanded Irish army to enlist for foreign service, iii. 252. bills passed by him, 256–71.
His conduct when Argyle and Hamilton are accused of treason, iv. 15 n. expects no farther trouble from Scotland, 23. refers the Irish rebellion to the consideration of Parliament, 29, 41 n. charged by some with having fomented it, 31, 41 n. fills up vacant bishoprics, 34. why weary of his visit to Scotland, 42. passes all the Acts presented to him, 46. and confers honours, ib. returns to England, ib. had no servant of ability in the House of Commons, 75. his reception in London upon his return from Scotland, 78. the Remonstrance presented to him with a petition, 80. his answer to the petition, 82–4. he resides at Whitehall on the petition of the corporation of London, 78 n., 86, 121. his right of pressing abrogated by an Act of Par-pg 316liament, 88–92. his interference whilst any bill was pending declared a breach of privilege, 92. answer to the petition of the Commons for a guard, 108. some officers form a body-guard for him, 121. he appoints lord Falkland Secretary of State, 122. vii. 224. and sir J. Culpeper Chanc. of the Excheq. iv. 122. professes he will be guided by Falkland, Culpeper, and Hyde with regard to the House of Commons, ib. confided much in lord Digby, 127. unfortunately sends the bishops' protestation respecting their absence from Parliament to the Lords, 139, 141, [App. vol. vi. p. 296.] his situation at this period, 149 n. injudiciously accuses lord Kimbolton and five members of the Commons of treason, 148. advised thereto by lord Digby, 146, 155, 193. the articles against them, 149. the Commons refuse to give up the accused members, 152. the King demands them in person, ib. goes after them into the city, 157. his indifferent reception there, ib. the King distressed at his imprudent steps, 159. his going to the House of Commons voted to be the highest breach of privilege, 164, 165. his answer to the House of Commons' former Remonstrance, 167. declaration of his attachment to the Church of England, 168. the city's petition to him, 173. his answer, 174. declaration of the Commons touching the five members, 186. evil consequences of the King's imprudent measures, 191–3, 218. the King and royal family remove to Hampton Court, 195. neither the earl of Essex nor the earl of Holland attend him, although bound by their offices, 196. v. 116 n. the Buckinghamshire petition to him, iv. 203 in consequence of several more of the same nature he removes to Windsor, 210. message to both Houses from thence, 211. unnoticed by them, 212. his intention to secure the magazine at Hull prevented by the Commons, who appoint sir J. Hotham governor, 215, 216. his forlorn condition, 217. what line of conduct he should have pursued, ib. a new Remonstrance prepared against him, 219. his proposition and message to both Houses, 229. both Houses petition him about the five accused members, 230. his answer, ib. the Commons petition him to intrust the Tower of London and other forts to persons recommended by them, 238. his answer, 239–43. both Houses petition him touching the Tower of London, forts, and militia, 275. his intention of removing further from London, 278. his answer to the Parliament's petition as to the militia, 283. makes sir J. Conyers lieutenant of the Tower at their request, 284. vii. 202. aspersions cast on him and the Queen, iv. 285. he demands reparation for an expression in the printed speech of Mr. Pym, 287. the answer of the House of Commons, 288. his reply, 290. he appoints the marq. of Hertford governor of the Prince of Wales upon the earl of Newcastle's resignation, [208 n.], 294. reasons suggested to him for passing the bill removing bishops from the House of Lords, 297–300. he passes it, chiefly at the persuasion of the Queen, 301–2. ill-effects of this step on his cause, 303. passes the bill for pressing, 302. his answer respecting the militia, 311. the reply of the Commons, ib. the Commons endeavour to prevent the Prince's meeting him at Greenwich according to his order, 314. his farther answer concerning the militia, 317. votes of both Houses upon it, 322. and petition to him, ib. his answer, 326. resolutions of both Houses upon it, 329. an intention of Parliament to take the Prince away from him by force, 331. their declaration to the King, ib. and their reasons for his con-pg 317tinuance near the Parliament, 342. his answer to both, 344. his message to both Houses on his way to York, 346. he consents to the Parliament's propositions for adventurers in Ireland, 355.
His reception at York, v. 1, 31. his declaration from York, 2. observations on it, 11. petitions of the Lords and Commons to him, March 26, 1642, 14. his answer, 19. its effect on the Commons, 30. agreeably to his promise to the Queen he removes the earls of Essex and Holland from their posts about him, 34–5, 116 n. the Commons disposed to have an admiral of the fleet appointed without applying to the King, 36. he interferes, ib. a message to him from both Houses upon the matter, 37. his answer, ib. the earl of Warwick appointed notwithstanding, 39. the King not willing that any officers whom he valued should serve under him, 44. unfortunate result, ib. petition of Parliament for removal of the magazine from Hull, 53. his answer, 54. the magazine removed notwithstanding, 57. his message to both Houses, April 8, 1642, offering to go in person to Ireland, 59. their answer, 64. his reply, 68. observations on this design, 78. his message to both Houses concerning his refusal to pass the bill for the militia, April 28, 80. petition from gentlemen of Yorkshire for his securing the magazine at Hull, 89. particulars of his attempt to secure Hull, 88–91. his messages to both Houses concerning Hull, 91, 92. his answer to their declaration and votes, 97. their answer to his two messages, 107. his reply, 111. his declaration in answer to that which the Parliament had circulated respecting the militia, 122. makes provisions against the approaching storm, 137–8. three votes of Parliament in consequence of his appointing a guard for his own person, 142. their petition to him to dissolve his guards, 144. his answer, 147. observations hereon, and on the vote that the King intended war against the Parliament, 150–2. the King summons Skippon to repair to York, 155. who is forbidden by Parliament to attend, ib. the King orders the term to be adjourned to York from Westminster, ib. counterordered by Parliament, ib. declaration of both Houses of what had been done amiss throughout his whole reign, May 19, 157. Lord Keeper Littleton deserts the Parliament, and joins the King at York with the Great Seal, 203. which the King had been dissuaded from taking from him, 211. a fresh remonstrance of both Houses to him, May 26, 217. many members of both Houses join him at York in consequence of it, 249. his answer to their declaration, 250–79. and to their remonstrance, 280–317. nineteen propositions sent to him by both Houses, 320–2. his answer to them, 326–32. observations on his not putting himself in a posture of safety, 339. his declaration to the lords attending him at York, June 13, 342. the promise of the lords thereupon, ib. his declaration and profession, disavowing any intention of war, June 15, 344. declaration of the lords and councillors present with him, 346. his declaration thereupon, 348. he issues commissions of array, 364 and n. published a declaration concerning the militia, and asserted his right to grant commissions of array, ib. which is declared illegal by Parliament, ib. n. the Parliament's petition to him in favour of the Yorkshire petition, which he had refused, ib. his answer, ib. the Parliament's declaration to the city of London upon the King's letter to the lord mayor and aldermen, 368. his reply, 369. why he could not earlier have recourse to arms, 372. he grants commissions to raise troops, 375. appoints generals of his army, ib. account of pg 318his attempt to secure the fleet, on revoking the earl of Northumberland's command, 376–381. he anticipates the Parliament in the seizure of Newcastle, 385. sends persons into several counties to execute the commission of array, ib. his proclamation from Beverley, 385–6. goes to Newark, Lincoln, and back to Beverley, 387. the Parliament's petition to him there, July 15, 389. his answer, 394. his refusal to return a more gentle reply, 412. he goes to Doncaster, Nottingham, and Leicester, where he is favourably received, 416–7. he returns towards Hull, 420. the Parliament's replication to his answer, 421. all thoughts of further overtures laid aside, 423. his preparations for war, 430. his pecuniary distress, ib. his fruitless design against Hull, although encouraged by sir J. Hotham, 436. for which purpose he had gone to Beverley, ib. he returns to York, 438. his first measures for war, 441 n. observations on his proclamation forbidding the Papists to join his army, ib. his declaration to the people, ib. observations on his setting up his standard at Nottingham instead of York, 444. unfortunately dissuaded from seizing lord Fairfax and sir T. Fairfax, 446. he goes to Nottingham, 446 n., 447. marches to Coventry, where the gates are shut against him, 446 n., 447. his standard erected at Nottingham, Aug. 22, 446 n., 449. vi. 1.
His condition at Nottingham, vi. 1. strongly averse to sending a message for peace, 8 and n., 9. the message, 11. the answer, 14. advised by some to repair to Parliament himself, 15. his second message, ib. the answer, 18. and the Parliament's declaration to the kingdom, 20. he removes to Derby, 21, 23. bis third message to Parliament in answer to their last reply, 22. his speech and protestation at the head of his forces at Wellington, 24. goes to Shrewsbury, 29, 64. goes to Chester, and returns to Shrewsbury, 45 n., 62. a petition of Parliament to him sent to their general to be presented, 51–2, 66 n. never formally delivered, 66 n., 70. the two Universities contribute their money and plate to him, 57, 58, 125, 167. expedients for raising money, 59–61, 65, 66. his revenues sequestered by Parliament, 55. substance of his speeches in the counties through which he passed, 68. his demeanour wins many to him, 69. strength of his army at Shrewsbury, 71. its great want of arms, 73. he marches towards London, 75, 76. faction begun in his army owing to prince Bupert, 78. who was too much listened to by the King, ib. battle of Keinton or Edge-hill, 79–97. he appoints Ruthven general of his army on the death of the earl of Lindsey, 98. Banbury castle surrenders to him, ib. his reception at Oxford, 99, 125. where he recruits his army, 125. from time to time sent full accounts of affairs to the Council in Scotland, 109. answer in 1641 to a proposal from Scotland for uniformity in religion, 115. why he should not have proceeded onward to London, 125. marches to Beading, and Colnebrook, 125, 129. a petition from both Houses to him, 129. his answer, 132. his advance to Brentford and the battle there set aside the peaceable intentions of Parliament, 136, 143. he draws off to Kingston, 139. thence to Reading, 140. bis message to Parliament, 141. another petition to him from Parliament, Nov. 24, 149. his answer, 150. he marches to Oxford, 155. message to the Privy-Council of Scotland on occasion of the Parliament's declaration to that kingdom, 160–4. bis means to raise money, 166–7. makes new sheriffs, 169. indicts prisoners for high treason, 170. forbids payment of tonnage andpg 319poundage, 171, the inclinations of foreign states towards him or the Parliament, 177–9. his declaration on occasion of the Parliament's ordinance for raising money, 196–206. petition of the city of London to him to return to the Parliament, 210–12. his answer, 215–21. the Parliament's propositions of peace to him, Feb. 1, 1643, 231. his answer, 233–4. difference of temper in the common people who supported his cause, and such as were for the Parliament, 273. observations on his appointing lord Herbert, a Roman catholic, general of South Wales, 287–289. false reports that he favoured the Irish rebels, whereas he always regarded the rebellion in Ireland as most groundless and wicked, 295. his communications to Parliament on Irish affairs and their replies, 297–301. petition to him from some Irish officers and his reply, 307–12. the King had information every day of what passed in Parliament, 316. he puts Parliament in mind of his proposition for a cessation of arms, ib. both Houses agree there should be a treaty, and send for a safe conduct, 317. which he grants to all they name but lord Say, 318. the Parliament's terms for a cessation, 320. different opinions of his Privy-Council as to his accepting them, 323. his proposals of alterations in them, 328. petition to him from the General Assembly of the Kirk of Scotland, 337–44. his answer, 346–58. the Scotch commissioners offer to be mediators, and desire a Parliament in Scotland, 359–61, 364. his answer to them in both particulars, 363, 366. the treaty begins at Oxford upon the proposals of cessation, but takes no effect, 370–5. the King might have derived advantage from assent to these proposals, 376. the Parliament's advice to him concerning gaoldelivery, 378. his answer, 379. the assizes forbidden by an ordinance of Parliament, 380. an account and character of the privy-councillors at this time attending the King, 382–397.
Debates upon the first articles of the treaty at Oxford, vii. 1–14. his message to Parliament thereon, April 12, 1643, 15–20. they return no answer, 20. what good effect his appointment of the earl of Northumberland to be lord high admiral might have produced, 21, 22. the King unsuccessful in attempting to relieve Reading, 35. his proclamation against one clause of the articles of surrender at Reading, 40. sends a message to Parliament, May 20, 50. his messenger committed by the Commons, 51. and the Queen impeached by them for assisting him in the war, 52. he appoints the marq. of Hertford and prince Maurice to command in the west, 85 n. meets the Queen near Keinton, she coming with a great recruit, 101 n., 115, 121, 122. considers with the Council how the capture of Bristol might procure a peace, 134–7. his Declaration after his late successes, 138. jealousies respecting the government of Bristol, 144–6. goes there to compose them, 121 n., 147. reasons against uniting both his armies, 151–5. the King marches to Gloucester and summons it, 159. besieges it, 164. sends a message to the earl of Newcastle about marching towards London, 177. comes to Oxford to consult about the reception of the earls of Holland and Bedford, 177, 180, 201 n. debates thereon, 178–180. the King returns to the army, 186. is with difficulty persuaded to make sir A. A. Cooper governor of Weymouth, 200. prosecutes the siege of Gloucester, 201. which is raised by the earl of Essex, 205. the King goes to Sudeley and Evesham, 206. he intercepts the earl of Essex's return to London by reaching Newbury first, 209. fights an indecisive battle there, 210–215. pg 320temper of the army and court at Oxford upon the King's return, 238–40, 264 n. the King's reception of the earls of Holland, Bedford, and Clare, 241–43. is obliged to break his resolution of conferring no honour or office until the end of the war, 277. inconveniences that arose to himself from his affability, 284. his negotiations with the French ambassador, comte d'Harcourt, 306–7. his unfavourable reception of those who had deserted the Barliament hurtful to his cause, 309. he revokes St. John's Solicitorship, 315. adjourns the lawcourts to Oxford, 317. summons a Parliament at Oxford, 328, 369 n. 7. his intentions with regard to Ireland, 329. authorises Ormonde to treat with the rebels for a cessation, 337. a cessation of arms for a year concluded, 339. disowned by Parliament, 340. the King sends for English troops from Ireland, 368. issues a proclamation forbidding trade with London, 369 n. 8. substance of his speech to the Parliament at Oxford, 371. his message to both Houses at Westminster for a treaty, March 3, 164¾, 390. their answer, 392. raises money on his forests and parks, 395. the earl of Montrose comes to inform him of the state of Scotland, 404. bad state of his affairs, 415.
He assembles his army at Marlborough, viii. 22. prorogues the Parliament at Oxford, 23. undecided as to his plan of operations, 26. notices of his chief advisers on military affairs, 28–33. Reading quitted by his forces, 34. he returns to Oxford from Reading, 35. Abingdon quitted by his forces, 38–9. his deplorable condition at this time, 40. is advised to surrender himself to the earl of Essex, 47. his night-escape from Oxford to Worcester, 49, 50. thence proceeds to Bewdley, 54. returns towards Oxford, 55–7. marches from Witney to Buckingham, 61. Wilmot advises the marching towards London, 62. the King fights at Cropredy with sir W. Waller, 64–70. marches towards the west, as the earl of Essex was before Exeter, where the Queen then was, 71–73. said by Prince Rupert to have ordered him to fight the Scots, as he did at Marston Moor, 79. his successful campaign in Cornwall against Essex, 89–119. badly followed up, 131. makes an overture to Essex, which is declined, 96 n., 99–101. sends a message of peace to the Barliament, which was not noticed, 133. goes from Plymouth to Exeter, 144. marches to Chard, 147. thence to Sherborne, 148. thence to Salisbury, 149. defeats Waller at Andover, 150. relieves Donnington castle, 151. goes to Newbury, 150, 152. thence to Bath, 159. and thence to Oxford, ib. relieves Donnington castle again, 162. returns to Oxford, 164. his fruitless discussions with commissioners sent from Ireland, 175–7. anxiety about the Prince of Wales, 179, 253. appoints a council to attend the Prince into the west, 180. makes fresh overtures of peace, 198–9. by the duke of Richmond and the earl of Southampton, 199, 202. sends archbishop Laud a pardon under the Great Seal, 207. declared by Parliament to be of no effect, 208. the Parliament agree to a treaty at Uxbridge, 210. the names of the King's commissioners, 211. [see Parliament.] the end of the treaty at Uxbridge without effect, 252. the King melancholy at the state of his affairs, 253, 259. proposes to send Montrose into Scotland, 263, 267. and Antrim into Ireland, 267.
He marches from Oxford to Evesham, ix. 32. takes HawkesleyHouse, ib. storms and takes Leicester, 33. marches back towards Oxford, 35. is defeated at Naseby, 37–42. his cabinet taken by the enemy and many letters pg 321afterwards garbled and published to his prejudice, ib. he retires by Lichfield to Bewdley and Hereford, 42. he should have retired into the west, ib., 67. goes to Abergavenny, thence to Ragland-castle, 67. thence to Chepstow and Cardiff, 68. his letter to prince Rupert against treating of peace at that time, 70. he removes to Ludlow with intention of joining Montrose in Scotland, 72, 85. his letter to the Prince of Wales, ordering him to retire into France, if in danger of falling into the rebels' hands, 74. France objected to by the Prince's council, 77. the King'sanswer persisting in France, 96, 97. the King goes to Welbeck and Doncaster, 83. thence 10 Newark, 86. thence to Oxford, 87. thence to Bagland and Hereford, ib. his letter to Prince Rupert upon his surrender of Bristol, 90. revokes his commission, 91. through lord Digby's influence, 121. letters to Prince Charles, recommending him to withdraw to Denmark, 112, 114. approves of delay in the Prince's departure, 146. marches to Chester, where his horse are routed by Pointz, 118–9. retires to Denbigh, 120. thence to Bridgenorth, ib. persuaded by lord Digby to go to Newark instead of Worcester, 121. state of the garrison there, 122. appoints Digby general for the north and sends him to join Montrose, 124. he retreats to Oxford, 132. his letter to the Prince's council about the Prince's going beyond seas, 146. the King's last stay at Oxford, 161. he sends some messages for peace which were not noticed by Parliament, 162–3. sends again for a sale conduct for the duke of' Richmond and others, 164. the answer, ib. sends to desire a personal treaty at Westminster, ib. the answer, 165. he sends again frequently, 166. ordinance of Parliament thereupon, ib. he tries in vain to deal with the Independents, 167. a treaty with the Scots set on foot by the interposition of France, 169. the King will not yield on the point of church-government, 176, 177.
Letter from the King to the Prince, enjoining him never to yield to any dishonourable conditions, not even to save his (the King's) life, x. 4. letter to the same exhorting him to continue firm in his religion, 8. said to write a letter directing the Prince to go to France, 22. Montereul's negotiations with the King and the Scots, 23–31. the paper he sent to the King, being a promise for the Scots receiving him, 27. the King leaves Oxford and goes to the Scottish army, 11. 33. his treatment by the Scots, 34–6, 50–1. orders Newark to be surrendered to them, 21, 34. that they might march north wards, 34. he is prevailed upon to order Montrose to lay down arms and leave the kingdom, 52. Henderson employed to dispute with him concerning Church government, 53. Belliever, the French ambassador, comes to him to negotiate, 54–6. the Queen sends sir W. Davenant to persuade him to give up the Church, but in vain, 56–7. upon the Scots' desire he orders the surrender of Oxford and all his other garrisons, 62. his answer to propositions from the Parliament, 63. the Scots urge these propositions, 64, 65. his answer to them, 66. the Parliament demand the King and the Scots deliver him up, 67–69. [the unpopularity of this act in Scotland, xii. 6.] a committee and servants appointed by Parliament to attend him, 69. he is brought to Holmby, 70. his request for the attendance of his own chaplains refused, 71. seized at Holmby by the army, 90–92, xiv. 48. his chaplains allowed him by the army, x. 93. he removes according to the marches of the army, ib. visited by Fairfax, Cromwell, and Ireton, 95. sir John Berkeley sent from the pg 322Queen to him, 96. Mr. Ashburnham comes to him, 97. the different designs of the Parliament and army relating to him, 101–2. he is allowed to see his children, 103. removed to Hampton Court, 109. treated with respect there, and visited by Cromwell, 115. his children allowed to come to him, ib. his conversation with them, 116–8. lord Capel waits upon him, 120. writes to the Queen and to Hyde, ib. xi. 22. the marquis of Ormonde visits him often, 121. and the Scotch commissioners, ib. he rejects proposals from the army, 122. which begins to change behaviour towards him, 122, 125–6. major Huntington tells him that Cromwell would destroy him, if not prevented, 125. Cromwell complains that he cannot be misled, ib. he escapes from Hampton Court, 127. confides himself to colonel Hammond, in the Isle of Wight, 128, 129. is lodged in Carisbrooke castle, 129. observations on this whole business, 130–6. the Parliament send to him to pass four bills, 141. which are protested against by the Scotch commissioners, 142. his answer, 143. his old servants removed, to prevent his further escape, 144. captain Burly's vain attempt at his release, 145. how his answer is received by Parliament, and Cromwell's speech thereupon, 146. a vote and declaration that no more addresses be made to him, ib., 148–50. the declaration odious to the people in general, 151. he thanks Hyde for answering it, ib. n. a meeting of Cromwell and his officers, wherein they resolve on the King's death, 147. the Scotch commissioners' private treaty with him, 160. observations on it, 161. substance of this treaty, 162–7. the King's condition in the Isle of Wight, 173.
The duke of York escapes, by his direction, to Holland, xi. 19, 20. he recommended Dr. Steward to the Prince of Wales as his church instructor, xi. 36. the Parliament resolves on a personal treaty with the King, 111. substance of their message to him, 112. his answer, 113. the vote against making any more addresses to him repealed, 114. the treaty to be at Newport, ib. the King's altered appearance, 157. the commissioners for the treaty arrive in the Isle of Wight, 153. the preliminaries, 154–6. the first proposition for revoking all the King's declarations, etc., 159. his answer, 160. disputes concerning the preamble, 161. he consents to it, 164. debates on the second proposition concerning religion and the Church, 165–171. his concessions on this point, 172. the third proposition concerning the militia, 173 5. the fourth proposition concerning Ireland, 176–7. his proposition now sent to Parliament by the commissioners, 178. a declaration required of him against the marquis of Ormonde, ib. his answer, ib. the treaty continued fourteen days longer, 179. the demand against Ormonde renewed, ib. his answer, ib. a further demand about the Church, 180. his answer, 181. the Parliament's votes upon his former proposition, 182. the treaty prolonged till November 25, 183. new propositions against delinquents, especially Ormonde, 185. the King's answer, ib. the treaty further prolonged for a day, 186. proposition concerning Scotland, 187. his answer, ib. another touching the Church, ib. his final answer, 188. sum of his letter to the Prince concerning the treaty, 189. the conclusion in his own words, 190–2. his attempt at an escape, 193–7. he is removed from Carisbrooke castle to Hurst castle, 203. votes of the Commons thereupon, 204. they vote that the King's answer was a ground for peace, 205. a contrary vote, 206. vote of no more addresses renewed, 208. a committee appointed to prepare a pg 323charge of high treason against the King, 211. the charge against the King approved by the Commons, 217. rejected by the Lords, ib. the Commons constitute a high court of justice, 218. the King sent for from Hurst castle, 221. a plan for his escape not tried, 222–3. he is brought to St. James's, 223. the several consultations among the officers before and after this time, what to do with him, 224–7. concluded to have him publicly tried, 227. the King's usage at St. James's, 230. he is brought to trial, 231. the sum of his charge, ib. brief account of the trial, 232–8. disturbance in the court by lady Fairfax, 235.
The King's character, xi. 239–243. a great lover of the Scotch, 241. unwilling to think ill of those of whom he once thought well, ii. 130. said by Romanists to hate the Puritans, iv. 204 n. approved of Hyde's writing his History, and furnished materials, ix. 3. x. 120. beloved by his subjects in general when he was murdered, xi. 243. his funeral at Windsor, 244. why his body was not removed to Westminster in the time of Charles II, 245. his pictures and goods bought by several foreign princes, 251. xiii. 25. the news of his murder received with horror in Holland, xii. I. exception of his murderers from pardon, xii. 43, 45. while in prison committed the care of the duke of York to the Queen, xiii. 36. once thought of sending the duke to Ireland, 38. had refused the Mastership of Wards to sir J. Berkeley, giving it to lord Cottington, 124–5. high praise of him by some of the Levellers, xv. 110. the names of his judges printed in red letters in 1659, xvi. 6. Cromwell, when in Scotland, supposed to have agreed with Argyll to keep him in perpetual imprisonment, xii. 10. condition of his family after his death, xiv. 85.
As Prince of Wales, iv. 32, 78, 149 n., 324, 332, 337. v. 11, 430. vi. 37, 49. vii. 179. ix. 21, 30, 31, 65, 102, 104, 106, 152. x. 115 n., 118, 120, 133, 153, 154, 156. xi. 18, 22, 129, 130, 142, 143, 160, 185, 208, 231.
A troop of horse called the Prince of Wales's, ii. 53. vi. 281. the earl of Newcastle his governor, iv. 215. vi. 389. whom the marquis of Hertford succeeds, iv. [208 n.,] 294. vi. 385. who is succeeded by the earl of Berkshire, vii. 324. meets his father at Greenwich, notwithstanding an order of Parliament, iv. 314. intention of Parliament to remove him from the King by force, 331. appointed captain of a troop of horse for defence of the King's person, v. 140. present at the battle of Edge-hill, vi. 79 n., 85. signed a letter from the Parliament at Oxford to the earl of Essex, vii. 375.
Removes with the King from Oxford, viii. 49. present at Cropredy, 64. marquis of Hertford had an extraordinary devotion for him, 83. the King thinks it necessary to separate the Prince from himself, 179, 253. a council appointed to attend him into the west, 180. made general of the King's forces and of the western association, 256–8. removes to Bristol, 254, 279, 286. ix. 7 n. reasons why, 286. ix. 6, 7 n. no preparations to receive him, 10. his proceedings there, ib. narrative of proceedings generally in Somerset and Devon, 11–28. summons the commissioners of the four western counties to Bridgewater, 16. diverted from business by Mrs. Windham, 18. sends three commissioners to Exeter to inquire into the complaints against sir R. Greenvil, 23. removes from Bristol to Barnstaple, 43, 48. transactions there, 48–53. goes to Launceston, 57, 92. ordered by the King to retire into France if in danger of pg 324falling into the rebels' hands, 74. France objected to by his council and Ireland or Scotland preferred, 77. the King's answer persisting in France, 96–7. a design to petition him to propose peace prevented, 82. refuses lord Goring's demand of being next in command to himself, 84. movements in Cornwall, 92–108. goes from Truro to Bodmin and Tavistock, 108. to Totness, 109, 110. the King's letters to him, recommending him to withdraw to Denmark, 112, 114. reasons against his immediate departure, 115. which step his council decide against, 98, 116. their decision approved of by the King, 146. goes to Launceston, 117. state of his affairs in the west, 133. he commits sir R. Greenvil to prison, 138. directed by his father to go beyond seas, 146. report of a plot to seize him, 147. x. 12 n., 18. goes to Pendennis, ix. 147. thence to Scilly, 149. x. 2.
The King's letter to him, enjoining him never to yield to any dishonourable conditions, not even to save his (the King's) life, x. 4. he removes to Jersey, 3–5, 12 n., 18. letter from the Queen pressing his removal from Scilly, 6. a letter to him from the King, exhorting him to be constant to his religion, 8. he is inclined to go to France, 9. the lords Capel and Colepepper sent to dissuade the Queen from sending for him into France, ib. their instructions and arrival at Paris, 10. lord Digby goes to Jersey to persuade him to remove to Ireland, 13. thence to France to gain the Queen's consent to this, 14. whence, being cajoled by Mazarine, he returns to Jersey to persuade the Prince to remove into France, 15–19. the Queen sends for him, 22, 37. debates in the Prince's council concerning bis going, 38–41. the Prince resolves to go, 43. all his council, except lord Colepepper, dissent, and stay behind, 44. his departure, 44, 48 n. the Prince's treatment and condition in France, 58–9, 175. his presence desired in Scotland, but refused by the King, 160.
He leaves France, xi. 22, 31, 32. goes to Helvoetsluys to take the command of the fleet that had revolted from Rainsborough, xi. 24, 32, 35. factions in his fleet, 33–5, 63. he comes into the Downs with his fleet, 35, 110. an unsuccessful enterprise there, 67. thence into the Thames, 37. Scottish commissioners sent to him, 44, 86. he takes several ships, 64. the city send to him with a petition for return of the ships, 65. he writes to the city, 66. he writes and sends to the earl of Warwick in vain, 69, 70. went towards Holland without fighting with the earl, 70, 71. who follows him, ib. the Prince comes to the Hague, 79. his good reception there, 80. divisions in his court, 81. the letter of the Parliament of Scotland to him, 87. deliberations in his council about it, 89. his and the duke of York's condition at the Hague, 127. the ill condition of his fleet in Holland, 131, 133, 136, 139. urged by the Queen to go to Scotland, 132. he has the small-pox, 135, 150 n. sells prizeships, 137–8. letter to him from his father, 189–93. the army demand his surrendering himself, 202. he prevails with the States of Holland to intercede with the Parliament for his father, 212–16. sends a letter to Fairfax and the council of war on his behalf, 229. which was read and laid aside. ib.
As King, xii. 15, 47. xiii. 143. xiv. 55, 58, 59, 66, 68, 71, 73, 80, 84, 91, 139, 140. xvi. 18, 33.
His condition at the Hague, xii. 1. the States condole with him, ib. his new council sworn, 2. the Queen's first message to pg 325him, ib. be thinks of going into Ireland, 3, 28–9, 31, 33, 36, 54. proclaimed in Scotland and commissioners sent from thence to him, 4, 13. circumstances that made his departure from Holland expedient, 25, 26. he delivers a memorial to the States, 27–8. deliberations respecting his movements, 30–33. conference between Cottington and Hyde concerning his sending an embassy to Spain, 35. he appoints them to be his ambassadors, 38. writes to the King of Denmark and other princes for help for Montrose, 40. Hyde appointed by him to make a declaration relating to England, 41. different opinions in his council about it when read, 44. upon which it was laid aside, 46. he removes to Breda, 55. thence to Antwerp, 57. thence to Brussels, ib. has an interview with the archduke near Valenciennes, 58. meets his mother at St. Germain's, 59. unwilling that she should interfere in public affairs, ib. Mr. Thos. Elliot comes to him, 60. his influence over him, ib. Hyde mediates between him and his mother, 61–3. diverted from his purpose of making Mr. Windham secretary, 63–4. Cromwell's arrival and success in Ireland hinder his going there, 75, 117–120. he removes to Jersey, 77. stays some months there, 98. again invited to Scotland upon the old conditions, 119, 123. his answer, that he would have a treaty with them in Holland, 120. the Queen advises him to agree to the terms, 121. he meets the Queen at Beauvais, ib. xiii. 36. meets the Scotch commissioners at Breda, xii. 122 resolves for Scotland, 124. arguments of some against this step, 125. receives the news of the death of the marquis of Montrose, but nevertheless embarks for Scotland, 143. low condition of his party in England, 150, 152.
Argyll sends him new propositions, which miss him, xiii. 1. he arrives in Scotland, and takes the Covenant, 2. Argyll receives him with great respect, 3. most of his English servants removed from him, ib. the Scotch clergy always about him, 4. their sermons before him, ib. the marquis of Argyll's behaviour to him, 5. his condition, ib. obtains more liberty through the Scots' defeat by Cromwell, 23. his condition believed in Spain and France to be desperate, 24, 32. his loss in the death of the Prince of Orange, 35. believed in France to be dead, 39. state of his affairs in Scotland, 47. he withdraws to the Highlands, but returns the next day, 48. a Scotch Parliament summoned in his name, ib. an army raised, of which he is general. 49. his coronation, 23, 48, 50. professes an inclination to marry one of Argyll's daughters, 50. in consequence of Cromwell's army gaining a pass in his rear, he marches forward into England, 53. Argyll dissuaded it, and stayed behind, ib. Lambert sent after the King, 55. Cromwell follows three days after, 57. Massey sent to precede the King, 58. the earl of Derby meets him in Lancashire, 60. Lambert follows, but is forced to retire, ib. the King summons Shrewsbury in vain, 64. well received at Worcester, ib. where he is proclaimed King, ib. favourableness of this post, 65. he refuses the duke of Buckingham's application to be made general, 72. the ill disposition of his officers, 73. his defeat at Worcester, 75–6. his retreat and concealment, 78. did not believe general Lesley to be false, 81. a price set on his head, 82, 89. particulars of his escape, as he related them to Hyde, 84–108. he arrives in Normandy, 106. and goes to Rouen, 83, 106. Hyde meets him at Paris by his order, 108. and the marquis of Ormonde, 116. his pg 326necessities at Paris, 120. appoints a Privy Council, 123. refuses to make sir J. Berkeley a councillor, or Master of the Wards, 123–26. his opinion with respect to the duke of York's going into the French army, 128. six thousand livres per month assigned him by the French Court, 129. money sent him from Moscow and Pobmd, 130. invited to attend the Huguenot church at Charenton, 131. urged to it by the Queen and lord Jermyn, 131–2. dissuaded by Hyde, 133. refuses to go, 134. proposals to him from friends in Scolland, 138. did not expect much from them, 139. appoints Hyde to make all the despatches for Scotland, ib. who desires not to be employed, ib. his reply and Hyde's submission, 141. he negotiates at Paris on behalf of the French King with the duke of Lorraine, 143. he and his mother remove from the Louvre to St. Germain's, 144. solicitations for places in his court, 146. disapproves of the proposed marriage of the duke of York, 150. Mademoiselle d'Orleans thought of for the King, 151. the marquis of Ormonde's and Hyde's exceptions against this match, 152. the King well inclined to it, ib. both these designs come to nothing, 153. offers to join the Dutch in their war with the English Parliament, 164, 165. his proposal declined, 165. careful to keep Guernsey and Jersey from falling into the hands of the French, 170. orders sir G. Carteret to surrender Jersey to the Parliament, 170. allows the marquis of Clanricarde to retire from his government of Ireland, 185.
Cromwell's severity to his party, xiv. 34. he desires his friends in England to remain quiet, 36, 101, 107. his condition abroad, 53, 78. knows not whither to retreat out of France, 54. makes Wilmot earl of Rochester, and sends him to the Diet at Ratisbon, 55. sends a commission to the earl of Glencairne in Scotland, 57. frustrates designs of Presbyterians and Roman Catholics against Hyde, 65. discourse with cardinal de Retz, 66. disappointments and difficulties about Prince Rupert's fleet, and the sale of the cannon, 68, 78–81. makes sir E. Herbert Lord Keeper 70. refuses to reappoint Mr. Long Secretary of State, 72. acquits Hyde of the charges of having conferred with Cromwell, and of having aspersed himself, 74, 77. reasons for his removal into Germany, 82. money sent to him from England, ib. receives all his arrears from France, 83. Stephen Fox appointed to manage his household and money, 89. leaves the duke of Gloucester with the Queen at her desire, 92. quits Paris, 95. a foolish project for his marriage, 96, 97. his reception at Cambray, 98. messengers from England meet him at Mons, 99. and at Aix, 107. arrives at Spa, where he meets the Princess of Orange, 102. a small subsidy granted him by the Diet in Germany, 103, 112, 116, 127. good management of his family expenses, 104. removes to Aix-laChapelle, 105. gives the signet to Secretary Nicholas, 106. is urged to go again to Scotland, 108. his reply to Hyde thereon, 109. removes to Cologne by invitation of the citizens, 110. his way of life there, 115. entertained by the duke of Neuburg at Düsseldorf, 112–15. sends for the duke of Gloucester from France, as his mother was attempting to make him a Roman Catholic, 118. his declaration to the duke of Neuburg as to enforcement of the penal laws in England, 121. an insurrection designed by some of his party in England, 123–25. he goes to Zealand to be ready to embark for England, 128. returns to Cologne on the failure of the rising, 137. fictitious information of his designs given to Cromwell by Manning, 138–45.
pg 327 He stays at Cologne about two years, xv. 1. goes into Flanders, and treats with the archduke, 18–20. makes a treaty with Spain, 21. removes to Bruges in consequence, 22. his title renounced by Parliament in Sept. 1656, 29. pension granted him by Spain, 67. raises four regiments of his subjects in Flanders, 68. declines for the future the pension from France, 69. appoints sir H. Bennet his envoy to Madrid, 81. makes Hyde Lord Chancellor, 83. urges his friends in England to be wary, 84. address of the Levellers to him, 103–18. their propositions annexed to it, 119. the result, 131. Sexby, another Leveller, treats with him, 133. his desire of joining the Spanish army refused, 132, 140. present in an attack upon Mardike, 132. removes from Bruges to Brussels, ib. retires to Hochstraten, 140. returns to Brussels upon hearing of Cromwell's death, 142.
Designs of the royalists communicated to him, xvi. 23. informed of the treachery of sir Richard Willis, 28–30. removes to Calais, afterwards to the coast of Bretagne, to be ready to go into England, 27, 35, 44. proposes to go to Spain and Germany, 46. resolves to attend the treaty between Don Juan and Mazarin, 56, 58. Mazarin advises against it, 57. begins his journey, 58. goes to Saragossa, 68. and thence to Fuentarabia, 69. well received by don Luis de Haro, 70. but Mazarin would not see him, 71. returns to Brussels, 72, 73. de Haro supplies him with some money, 73. a good understanding restored with his mother, ib. no prospect for him but that of remaining in Flanders, 75. promises of troops from France and Spain, 76. the unpromising condition of his affairs, 112–14, 137, 141–2. hears of the agreement between Monck and the city, 138, 139. his hopes revived. 143. Monck sends sir J. Greenville to negotiate with him, 169. his deliberations upon the terms proposed, 171–5. removes to Breda, 176, 179. the Spaniards' design to seize him discovered, 178. his letter to the general and army, 181. and to the House of Commons, 184. his declaration, 193. his letter to the House of Lords, 198. and to the fleet, 199. and to the lord mayor and aldermen of London, 201. he is invited into Ireland, 209, 210. his letter and declaration joyfully received by Parliament, 213. and by the city, army, and navy, 214. the answer of the House of Commons to him, 216–19. extraordinary change in his favour, 220. is proclaimed King, 221–2. many addresses to him, 223. perplexed by the case of col. In golds by, 224–6. Montagu's message to him, 227. the marquis of Caracena invites him back to Brussels, 228. his answer, 229. invites him again, but in vain, ib. cardinal Mazarin invites him into France, 230. his answer, 231. the States General congratulate his coming to Breda, and the States of Holland invite him to the Hague, 233. whither he goes, 235. his reception and entertainment there, 236, 245. a committee of Lords and Commons wait on him there, to invite him to return to the throne. 239. also a deputation from the city, 240. and certain Presbyterian divines, 242. their public audience, ib. and private discourses with him, 243. his reply to them, 244. embarks for England, 245 arrives at Dover, ib. goes to Canterbury, ib. and from Rochester to London, 246. goes through the city to Whitehall, ib. where the two Houses wait on him, ib.
Charles Louis, Elector Palatine: see Palatine.
pg 328 [Charmouth, Dorset, xiii. 98 n.]
[Charteris, capt. Alex., xii. 141 n.]
Chartley House, vi. 62 n.
[Chastillon, duchesse de, xiv. 96 n.]
Chater, colonel, xi. 94.
Chaucer, Geoffrey, Donningon castle, near Newbury, his house, vii. 212.
Cherry, sir William, vi. 79 n.
Cheshire, v. 335. vi. 66 n., 67 ter., 268–274. vii. 298, 400, 401. viii. 17. xi. 51. xiii. 60, 61. xv. 6. xvi. 26. articles of neutrality agreed on, but annulled by Parliament, vi. 269.
Chester, v. 61, 68. vi. 21, 23, 64, 66, 67 bis, 272, 286, 300, 301, 304, 306, 314, 387, 397. vii. 86, 176 n., 368, 401 and n. 1, 2, 403, 417. viii. 26, 77. ix. 32, 129. xi. 41, 220. [xiii. 68 n.] xvi. 96, 155. the King goes there, vi. 45 n., 62, 67. firm to the King, 270. sir N. Byron made governor, ib. besieged, ix. 29. the King goes there, 118. his horse routed there by Pointz, 119. seized by sir G. Booth for Charles II, xvi. 26, 38, 44. retaken by Lambert, 41.
Chewton, Somerset, sir W. Waller's troops defeated there, vii. 101–2.
Cheynell, Francis, one of the commissioners on ecclesiastical matters at Uxbridge, viii. 226.
Chichester, Arthur lord, iii. 114.
Chichester, earl of: see lord Dunsmore.
[Chiesly, sir John, xii. 7 n.]
Chigi, cardinal, chosen pope, and assumed the name of Alexander VII, xiv. 120.
[Childersley, Cambr., x. 91 n.]
Chillingworth, William, his book against the Church of Rome, i. 163. vii. 401 n. his death, vii. 401 n. viii. 10.
[Chinnor, Oxon, vii. 76 n.]
Chipping Campden, Gloucestershire, viii. 56.
Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire, viii. 50.
Cholmeley, or Cholmondeley, sir Hugh, iii. 35. active in Parliament, iii. 157. iv. 19. defended Hyde in Parliament, iv. 54. sent to the King with the answer of Parliament about Hull, v. 106. revolts to the King, after having done great service to the Parliament, vi. 268. vii. 121 n. had espoused that party, owing to his friendship with Hotham, vi. 268. reappointed governor of Scarborough by the earl of Newcastle, ib.
Cholmeley, sir Henry, sent to the King with the answer of Parliament about Hull, v. 106. one of the committee sent to wait on Charles II at the Hague, xvi. 239.
[Cholsey, Berks, viii. 126 n.]
Christ-Church, Hants, ix. 7.
Christian IV: see king of Denmark.
Christian Royalists, who so called, xv. 125.
Christina, Queen of Sweden, purchased the choice of the medals and jewels, and some pictures, that belonged to Charles I, xi. 251. received Cromwell's agent with great pomp and civility, ib. xii. 129. made an alliance with him, ib.
Christmas-keeping, iv. 129 n.
Chudleigh, James, son of George, major-general of the Parliament forces in the west, vi. 250. vii. 86. his courage at the battle of Stratton, 89. accused by the earl of Stamford of betraying him, 91. goes over to the King in consequence, ib. some account of him, 92. killed at Dartmouth, 297.
Church of England, character of clergy and preachers, i. 165. bad condition of churches, 198. revenues sequestered by Parliament, vi. 54. notice of the relations of the Church with foreign Protestants in England, 182–85. King Charles's attachment to it, 172. hostile feeling entertained against it, for engrossing civil situations, 206. feeling of the leaders of the popular party towards the Church, iii. 143–147. See Bishops; Clergy; Episcopacy; Parliament; Scotland.
Churches attacked and injured, iv. 13.
Chute forest, Hampshire, i. 108.
Cirencester, vi. 291, 322, 411 n. viii. 72. [xiii. 90 n.] threatened by the marquis of Hertford, vi. 237. taken by prince Rupert, 238. seized by surprise by the earl of Essex, vii. 206.
Civil Law, no reason for its having more connection with the Church than Common Law, iv. 38.
Civita Vecchia, xv. 152.
Clanricarde: see St. Albans.
Clanricarde, Ulick de Burgh, marquis of, earl of St. Albans, his proxy in Parliament entrusted to the earl of Essex, iv. 41 n. notice of his character, xiii. 115. he is made deputy of Ireland by Ormonde, ib., 120 n. narrative of the Irish affairs while he was deputy, 176–185. and of the treaty with the duke of Lorraine, 176–182. sends the earl of Castlehaven to give an account of all to the King, 185. the King sends him leave to retire, ib. he goes into England, and dies shortly afterwards, 186.
Clare, John Holies, second earl of, signed the declaration that the King had no intention of war, v. 346. joins the King at Oxford, vii. 174, 187, 188. had been with him at York, and by his leave had gone to London, 187. notice of his character, ib. present at the siege of Gloucester, 190. and at the battle of Newbury, 241, 308 n. allowed to attend the councils of war, ib. returns to the Parliament, 248, 308.
Clarendon, earl of: see Hyde.
Clarendon park, Wilts, viii. 150.
Clarke, ——, i. 79, 141.
Clarke, sir William, killed in the fight at Cropredy, viii. 66.
[Clavering, colonel, viii. 75 n.]
Claypole, Mrs., Cromwell's favourite daughter, her death, xv. 145.
Clement IX, pope: see Rospiglioso.
Clergy, high character of, in the reign of Charles I, though somewhat indiscreet in their court sermons, i. 165. petitions against them, iii. 56, 66. appellation of 'scandalous clergy' often applied to the best, 56. animosity of certain great lawyers against the clergy, iv. 38. how far they brought it on themselves, ib. remarks on this feeling, 38–41. how they were treated by the puritanical party, v. 136. the puritanical clergy chiefly instrumental in infuriating the people against the King, vi. 39. instances of their violence, 40, 41.
Clerk of the market of the King's household, Act respecting the, iii. 266.
Clerks: see Six Clerks.
Cleveland, vi. 263.
Cleveland, Thomas Wentworth, earl of, viii. 116; signed the Peers' letter to the Council in Scotland, vii. 369 n. 6. notice of his character, viii. 45. makes an unsuccessful attempt upon Abingdon, ib. his part in the fight at Cropredy, 64–66, 73 n. taken prisoner at the second battle of Newbury, 157. taken prisoner pg 330at the battle of Worcester, xiii. 80.
Clobery, ——, appointed by Monck a commissioner to treat with the officers of the army at London, xvi. 95.
Clogher, bishop of: see Mac-Mahon.
Clotworthy, sir John, iv. 25. inveighs in Parliament against the earl of Strafford, iii. 5. committed to prison by the House of Commons, xi. 208.
Cobbett, colonel, sent by the committee of safety into Scotland to Monck, xvi. 92. imprisoned by him, 94. taken prisoner when Lambert's party were dispersed, 150.
Cohogan, father: see Geoghegan, Ant.
Coke, sir Edward, blasphemously called the duke of Buckingham our saviour, i. 10.
Coke, George, bishop of Hereford, signed the bishops' protestation in 1641, iv. 140.
Coke, sir John, Secretary of State, his character, i. 141, 142. ii. 48. charged with the failure of the Scotch expedition, ii. 54. removed from his post, ib though supported by Strafford, ib., 101.
Colchester, v. 51. vi. 37, 38. xi. 114, 131, 153 n., 208. occupied by the Kentish royalists, xi. 61, 66, 110. besieged by Fairfax, 62, 102, 103. surrendered, 105.
Coleford, Gloucestershire, vi. 291.
Colepepper, or Culpeper, iv. 204 n. [301 n.] v. 206 n., 432 n. vii. 200, 370 n. 2. viii. 33, 62, 179. ix. 11, 58, 74, 77, 78, 79, 82 n., 83 n., 84, 94, 95, 96, 103, 105, 106, 115, 137, 147, 151, 158. x.3, 5, 6, 7, 12 n., 39, 44. xiii. 108. member for Kent, iv. 122. made Chancellor of the Exchequer, ib., 167. his character, 122, 167. vi. 394. xi. 127. refutes a report of his being a Roman catholic, iv. 125. one of those styled by the rabble 'persons disaffected to the kingdom,' 129 n. inclined through the King's imprudence to take no part in public affairs, 158. signed the declaration that the King had no intention of war, v. 346. urged the sending a message, of peace from Nottingham, vi. 8 n. one of those who carried the message for peace to Parliament, ib., 10, 12. present at the battle of Edge-hill, 79 n. dissuaded the King from drawing off the field, ib. made Master of the Rolls, vi. 382. viii. 28, 213. censured for being in favour of the siege of Gloucester, vii. 181, 239. one of those appointed to inquire into the charges against the duke of Hamilton, 405. one of those whom the King consulted in military affairs, viii. 28, 33. 93. Wilmot hostile to him, 30, 61, 94, 95. prince Rupert also hostile to him, 168. xi. 63, 127. made a baron, viii. 170, 213. appointed by the King to be one of the Prince's council, 180. one of the commissioners at Uxbridge, 211. sent to settle disputes at Taunton, ix. 15. and to Essex to examine allegations against sir R, Greenville, 23, 24. waits on the King at Brecknock, 72. sent from the Prince to the Queen in France, 149. conversation with Hyde as to the King's liberating the duke of Hamilton, 159 n. changed his opinion about the Prince of Wales's going to France, x. 9. but sent with lord Capel to dissuade the Queen from sending for him, ib. with little success, 21–2. he alone of the Privy Council accompanied him into France, 44. the King said he had no religion, 57. attends the Prince to the fleet, xi. 32. trusted by the Queen to keep the Prince firm in his dependence on the Presbyterian party, 36. accused of corruption, 82. his quarrel with prince Rupert respecting sir R. Walsh, 128–130. offended at not being appointed one of the am-pg 331bassadors to Spain, xii. 38. though he and Hyde had no great friendship for each other, yet he could agree with no other man so well in business, ib. sent to Moscow to borrow money, xiii. 130.
'Colloquintida,' iii. 92.
Collumpton, Devon, ix. 94.
Cologne, xiii. 142. xiv. 124, 125, 127–129, 136–138, 142, 143, [145 n.], 151. xv. 1, 4, 18, 21, 22, 69, 84. 87, 102. xvi. 62, 231. description of the city and inhabitants, xiv. 110, 111. Charles II fixed his abode there by invitation of the citizens, 111. where he remained about two years, xv. 1.
Columb-John, Devonshire, vii. 103.
Colville, James and William, commissioned from Scotland to the French king, ii. 60, and n.
Committee of Safety constituted by the army, xvi. 90–1. their operations, 92–95. they are suppressed, 109–111: see Parliament.
Common-Prayer, Book of, vi. 217, 234, 239. vii. 141, 175. xi. 165, 172. xii. 45. xvi. 243, 245. a bill for its disuse negative I in the House of Commons, iv. 7. and its observance ordered by the Lords, 8. its use forbidden by Parliament, viii. 217. Cromwell's daughters married by it, xv. 51. See Kent.
Commonwealth's men, who so called, xv. 125.
Communion-table, disputes about its removal from the body of the church, i. 199–202. Laud zealous for the alteration, 200. opposed by bishop Williams, 201. ordered by the House of Commons, notwithstanding the dissent of the House of Lords, to be againaltered, iv. 8.
Compton, lord: see Northampton.
Compton, sir Thomas, married the countess of Buckingham, i. 93.
Condé, prince of, x. 18. xii. 76, 78, 79, 81. xiii. 142, 143, 153. xiv. 96. xv. 136, 137, 138. xvi. 52. imprisoned, 93, 99. had won the battle of Rocroix, 107. marquis of Lusignon styled his ambassador at the Spanish court, xiii. 18. liberated, 142. visited Charles II and his mother, with professions of civility, 143. his altered conduct, 144. dissatisfied with the Spaniards in Flanders, xv. 15. tells the Spaniards what steps Turenne would take at Dunkirk, 135. but is not hearkened to, ib. present at the siege of Arras, 136. difficulty in the Spanish and French treaty relative to him, xvi. 54–5, 60, 61. how settled, 64.
Constantinople, vi, 396.
Conti, prince of, imprisoned, xii. 93, 99. liberated, xiii. 142. governor of Languedoc, xvi. 17. anecdote of his conversation with Richard Cromwell, 18.
Convention: see Council.
Convocation, its sitting continued after the dissolution of Parliament, ii. 97. makes canons, ib. iii. 69. which are allowed by the Council, 70. but condemned by the House of Commons, 72.
Conway Castle, iv. 137.
Conway, Edward, first viscount, removed from the Secretary's office, i. 141.
Conway, Edward, second viscount, vii. 188, 248, 347. general of the horse in the second expedition against the Scotch Covenanters, ii. 81. notice of him, 83, highly esteemed by many, 82, 83, 84. pg 332shamefully routed at Newburn, 89. supposed to have been corrupted, ii. 90 n. how far concerned in Waller's and Tomkins' design, vii. 57, 63. tried for it, 73. left London and went to the King at Oxford, 174, 187. signed the Peers' letter to the Council in Scotland, vii. 369 n. 6.
Cony, ——, refused to pay a tax imposed on London by Cromwell, xv. 150.
Conyers, lord: see lord Darcy.
Conyers, sir John, iv. 2, 14. v. 169, 193. vii. 202. recommended by the House of Commons to Charles I for the lieutenancy of the Tower, iv. 205, 284. who at last appoints him, 284. vii. 201. had been lieutenant-general of the horse in the last Scottish expedition, and governor of Berwick, vii. 202. goes into Holland, ib.
Cooke: see Coke.
Cookin, captain [or Gookin], vii. 129.
Cooper, sir Anthony Ashley, afterwards earl of Shaftesbury, xvi. 106. notice of him, vii. 199. appointed governor of Weymouth after some dispute, 799, 200. joined the Parliament in consequence of his removal from that post, viii. 60. the command of the Tower intrusted to him and others by Parliament, xvi. 109. one of the committee sent to wait on Charles II at the Hague, 239.
Coote, sir Charles, defended Londonderry for the Parliament, xii. 146. [defeated the R.C. bishop of Clogher, and hanged him, xiii. 112 n.] president of Connaught, xvi. 209. favourably disposed towards Charles II, ib., 210.
Cope, Isabel, daughter of sir Walter, countess of Holland, i. 139.
Copley, colonel, defeats lord Digby at Sherborne, ix. 125. imprisoned by Parliament, xi. 208.
Corbett, colonel, xvi. 209.
Corfe castle, Dorsetshire, vii. 191.
Coriton, ——, one of the commissioners for the county of Cornwall, ix. 17.
Cork, Richard Boyle, first earl of, iii. 109.
Cornish soldiers reviled by Goring, ix. 100.
Cornwall, vi. 33, 34, 238–256, 385, 397. vii. 85 n., 86–93, 99, 101, 103, 108, 121 n., 132, 148, 151, 194, 290, 293, 294, 298, 369 n. 8. viii. 89–91, 96, 103, 132, 134, 138, 142, 145, 153, 169, 182, 255, 256, 262. ix. 8, 12, 16, 17, 18, 22, 25, 43, 53–55, 57, 58, 62–65, 73, 76, 77, 81, 82, 84, 92, 101, 103–105, 108, 109, 133, 135, 137, 138, 143, 145, 146, 149, 151, 152, 173. x. 1, 3, 6, 13 n., 76. xiv. 143. xvi. 20, 164.
Cornwallis, sir Charles, xiii. 30.
Corunna, xi. 251.
Cosin, John, afterwards bishop of Durham, forbidden to officiate to the Protestants in the Queen's family at Paris, xiii. 44. the Queen had some personal exceptions against him, ib.
Costeloe, viscount: see visc. Dillon of Costello.
Cotterell, colonel, Parliamentary governor of Pontefract castle, xi. 116, [126 n.] he is taken prisoner in bed, 120.
Cottington, sir Francis, afterwards lord, iii. 133. vii. 189. viii. 123 n. xi. 39 n., 86, 127, 128. xii. 42, 56. selected to attend Prince Charles in his journey to Spain, i. 28. what situations he had filled, ib. his opinion against the journey, 29. the duke of Buckingham's behaviour to him in consequence, 30. his advocating the Spanish match the cause of Buckingham's hostility to him, 67. his reply to the duke's avowal of hostility, 68. how far afterwards reconciled, 69. Chancellor of the Exchequer, 205. thwarts archbishop Laud as a commissioner of the treasury, ib. and exposes bis irascibility, 207–212. opposes the King's making a park pg 333at Richmond, 209. one of the chief of the committee of State, ii. 99. unpopular, from being suspected of favouring the Papists, 102. made Master of the Wards, xiii. 125. why he resigned the Chancellorship of the Exchequer, and the Mastership of the Wards, iii. 84, 86, 138,192 n., 213. iv. 122, 167 n. recommended by the earl of Strafford for the Lieutenancy of Ireland, iv. 41 n. evidence at Strafford's trial, iii. 119. [lieutenant of the Tower, 200.] signed the letter to the PrivyCouncil in Scotland, vii. 369 n. 6. resident at Rouen, xi. 23. had still the office of Lord High Treasurer of England, ib. goes to Dieppe, ib. after being captured and plundered joins the Prince at the Hague, 78, 79. desires to go to Spain and to be relieved from attendance on the King, xii. 34. conference with Hyde concerning the King's sending them on an embassy to Spain, 35–7. he and Hyde are appointed ambassadors through his management, 38. how provided with money for their embassy, 47, 48. they set out, 49. visit the duke of Lorraine at Brussels, ib. his dexterity prevails with the duke to furnish a loan, 50. they go to St. Germain's, 59. Cottington's ingenious dissuading the King from making col. Windham Secretary of State, 64. their departure from St. Germain's, 77. his conference with cardinal Mazarin, 80. the ambassadors begin their journey for Spain, 81. their journey to Madrid, 81–86. interview with don Luis de Haro, 88. they are present at the toros, &c., 89, 90. their audience with the King and Queen, 100–3. The King showed more favour to Hyde than to him, 102 n. they have a house assigned them, 103. their private audience, 108. they acquaint the King of Spain with their master's resolution for Scotland, 126. they expostulate with don Luis about Ascham's coming to Spain as agent of the English Parliament, xiii. 9. they write to him about Ascham's murder, 11. his answer, ib. they are desired by the King of Spain to be gone, 25. Cottington's desire of remaining in Spain, 26. reason of the discountenance he met with at the Spanish Court, 27. had turned Roman Catholic when formerly in Spain, and reverted to Protestantism on his return to England, ib. reconciled again to the Church of Rome, ib. he is allowed to live at Valladolid, ib., 29. his death, ib. his character, 30. was of an incomparable temper, i. 68, 207. and of the most profound dissimulation, ib. xiii. 30.
Council: see Privy Council. Great Council of peers summoned to York, ii. 95, 107, 122. ill consequences of the disrespect towards Charles I's Council of State, vii. 278. a council settled for the Prince of Wales, viii. 180. Council of officers: see Army. CommonCouncil: see London.
Courage, observations respecting, vii. 264 n.
Courtney, sir William, ix. 45.
Covenant, the, Scottish, ii. 20. xi. 170, 172, 228, 252. xii. 6, 7, 8, 12, 13, 20, 21, 38, 45, 118, 122, 123, 124, 136, 137. xiii. 59, 118. xvi. 106, 215, 242. a covenant against prelacy proposed by the Scots between the two kingdoms, and agreed to, 251. a copy of it, 259. strictly enjoined, 313. pressed by Parliament, x. 122. condemned by the university of Oxford, 123. adored in Scotland, xi. 13, 17. pressed upon the English royalists, xi. 43–5, 52. taken by Charles II, xiii. 2. new printed in London in 1660, xvi. 162.
Covenant: a vow and covenant taken by both Houses of Parliament upon discovery of Mr. Waller's and Tomkins' design, vii. 67, 68. and throughout the city and army, 70.
Covenanters, Scottish: see Scotland.
Coventry, vi. 1, 83 bis, 274, 276, 301. pg 334viii. 61, 63, 148, 152. x. 31. the King refused entrance there, v. 446 n., 447, 448.
Coventry, sir Thomas, afterwards first lord, ii. 103. iii. 205. v. 204. viii. 136. his character and rise, i. 96–100. his high reputation as Keeper of the Great Seal, ii. 64. opposed the iron monopoly, ii. 103. often opposed by the earl of Manchester, i. 117. his death, i. 101. ii. 64.
Coventry, Thomas, second lord, vii. 177 n. signed the declaration that the King had no intention of war, v. 346. sent into the western parts, 443. went beyond sea, vii. 369 n. 6.
Coventry and Lichfield, bishop of: see Wright, Rob.
Cowes, Isle of Wight, xi. 183.
Crane, sir ——, vi. 62. knighted, vi. 45 n.
Cranfeild, Lionel: see earl of Middlesex.
Cranford, Middlesex, v. 214.
Crawford, col., vii. 343.
Crawford, Ludovick Lindsay, fifteenth earl of, vii. 101 n., 109, 113. had inveterate hatred to the marquis of Hamilton, iv. 15 n. one of those who accused him of treason, vii. 369 n. 4. taken prisoner at the battle of Worcester, and sent to the Tower, xiii. 135.
Crawford, earl of: see earl of Lindsay.
Crequy, duke of, xv. 139.
Creswell, sergeant, vi. 231.
Crew House taken by lord Byron, vii. 401.
Crew, John, iii. 240. committed to the Tower in 1640, v. 162. one of the commissioners at Uxbridge, viii. 211. notice of him, 248. was in favour of the Self-denying Ordinance, 261.
Crispe, sir Nicholas, a citizen of London who held correspondence with the King at Oxford, vii. 59, 60, 61.
[Croft Bridge, ii. 114 n.]
Crofts, William, afterwards lord, iv. 222. xi. 70. sent to Poland for money, xiii. 130. (as lord) xiv. 96.
Cromwell, Frances, her marriage, xv. 51.
Cromwell, Henry, xvi. 208. made by his father Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, xiv. 41. xv. 50. very popular there, xiv. 101. xvi. 16. submits to the Parliament, and resigns his Lieutenancy, xvi. 16, 208.
Cromwell, Mary, her marriage, xv. 51. intercedes in vain with her father to save Dr. Hewet's life, 101.