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In the preparation of this edition I have benefited from the help of many scholars and institutions, who have freely and generously discussed problems, answered queries, and permitted access to their collections. My most notable debt has been to Mr Peter Laslett, who supervised an earlier version of this work as a Cambridge Ph.D. thesis, and who has unfailingly encouraged its completion despite a number of setbacks. His magnificent edition of Two Treatises of Government has served not so much as a model but rather as a goal and inspiration for the editing of a Locke text. When beginning on the task I was also fortunate enough to benefit from the vast learning and enthusiasm of the late Mr Piero Sraffa in the fields of economics and bibliography, which were then both new to me.

Other valued help has come from Dr Esmond de Beer, editor of Locke's Correspondence; Professor Charles Wilson and Dr William Letwin, who examined an earlier version of this work as a thesis; and Dr D. W. Jones, who both supplied unpublished data on the background to the currency crisis of the 1690s and read the introduction in draft, making valuable comments. Particular thanks are due to other workers in the field of Locke's economic thought, Dr Karen I. Vaughn, and the editors and translators of the pamphlets into Italian and Japanese, Professors Francesco Fagiani and Hiroshi Takemoto, all of whom have permitted access to unpublished material and shared their ideas in conversation and correspondence with a generous sense of being engaged on a common task. I have also benefited from discussion or correspondence with other Locke scholars, notably the late Philip Abrams, Professor Richard Ashcraft, Dr John Higgins-Biddle, Mr John Dunn, Dr Henry Schankula, Professor Gordon Schochet, Dr W. von Leyden, and Professor John Yolton. Professor Harry Bracken kindly read and commented on the General Introduction. And colleagues at Trinity College, Dublin, Dr David Berman, Professor K. G. Davies, Dr David Dickson, Dr Antoin Murphy, and Dr Jean-Paul Pittion have generously helped with their knowledge of Locke, economic theory, and economic history.

In bibliographical and textual matters I have benefited from the knowledge and advice of the late Mr John Harrison, co-editor of Locke's Library Catalogue; Mrs Jean Yolton, who is engaged on the pg xiidefinitive bibliography of Locke's works; Miss Mary Pollard and Mr William O'Sullivan of the Rare Books and Manuscript Departments of the Library of Trinity College, Dublin; Mr Philip Gaskell, of Trinity College, Cambridge; and not least the late Professor P. H. Nidditch, General Editor of The Clarendon Edition of the Works of John Locke. My friend, and former colleague, Mr H. M. T. Cobbe of the British Library has been most helpful in the obtaining of material and verifying references, which distance made it difficult to do for myself.

The staffs of the British Library, London; the Public Record Office, London; the Goldsmiths' Library, University of London; the House of Lords Record Office, Westminster; the University Library, Cambridge; the Library of Trinity College, Cambridge; the Library of Trinity College, Dublin; and above all the Bodleian Library, Oxford, have shown much patience with numerous inquiries and demands on their services. Without the unfailing courtesy and help which these librarians have provided together with access to their collections the work could never have been completed. To the Master and Fellows of Peterhouse, Cambridge, I am indebted for a Research Studentship (generously extended for a fourth year) which made it possible for me to begin work on the topic.

I am grateful to the Marquess of Bath for access to the Coventry Papers at Longleat, and to the Marquess of Downshire and the Berkshire County Archivist for access to the Trumbull Papers in the Berkshire Record Office at Reading. For permission to reproduce manuscript material I am indebted to Bodley's Librarian and the Delegates of the Clarendon Press, to the Houghton Library, Harvard University, and to Mr A. A. Houghton, Jr.

December 1982                                            P.H.K.

The task of overseeing these volumes on behalf of the Editorial Board (following the death of Professor Nidditch) has been generously assumed by Dr M. A. Stewart, whose care and attention has immeasurably enhanced their accuracy and general readability.

The intricacies of cross-referencing are such that no attempt has been made to include references to the literature which has appeared since the beginning of 1983. However, one item is so significant for the background to the 1696 Recoinage that the reader's attention must be drawn to it, namely D. W. Jones, War and Economy in the Age of William III and Marlborough (Oxford, 1988).

September 1990                                                P.H.K.

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