Jacob Tonson the younger

Stephen Bernard (ed.), The Literary Correspondences of the Tonsons

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Letter 76jacob tonson the younger to samuel buckley1[London,] 26 January 1719

[86r] Sir | I have Consider'd of Mr. Secretary Craggs's message by you to me, In answer to which I have nothing to do but to State Facts. Mr. Secretary Craggs <directed me> ⌃ \<has I> was pleased/ to mention this affair to me once at Battersea, In Consequence of which Mr. Tickell calld upon me Soon after, & made a demand of 400 Books & told me If ⌃ \I/ complyed with that he shou'd give the Secretary no further trouble about it; I did accordingly upon Mr. Secretarys account (& for no othr ⌃ \reason/) Comply with Mr. Tickells demand of 400 Books, & did also agree to discharge a debt which Mr. Addison owes me of above 100l, \on his Engagement that the Lady Warwick2 should assign to me such of the Works as are not assigned;/ I have Inclosed you a Copy of Mr. Tickells agreement with me,3 <you know very well.> You know very well the large Sums of money Ihave paid for these Copys4 & I do assure you, \were it not for the Instance of/ of Mr. Secretary ⌃ \Craggs/ <had not expressed his friendship> \in favour of/ Mr. Tickell <in this affair>, I should have [86v] been so far from agreeing to <Mr. Tickell's> ⌃ \his/ proposall that I would pg 187have (& that very justly too) Insisted upon a Sum of money from Mr Tickell for making Use of my Copy ⌃ \& I ask you as to a Bookseller whether this had not been just/ in this intended Edition5 or at least his Use of my Copyright, should have ballanced his New Copy with me as for the Book of Medals I paid Mr. Addison for it I have sent you Inclos'd a Copy of his Assignment.6 The Books I have agreed to give Mr. Tickell will cost me 400l ⌃ \for paper/ [MS interlineation illegible] & will produce Mr. Tickell 800 Guineas & I have told him that If he should have occasion for more than 400 Books I <can> \would/ Supply him with as many as he shall want at the Exact price of paper & print only, <which I suppose> will not amount to ⌃ \less/ than 20s each Sett, & which will Evidently take from me the profitt of Soe many Books as he shall demand above the 400 & will as plainly produce to him 22s Per [87r] Book, besides the 800 Guineas for the 400 Books, & I make no doubt but that he will \have/ <meet with have from> [MS deletion] \presents/ from many persons beyond the Subscription7 <and a great many number of Double Subscribers> As to the <case for> argument made Use of, That the Books were first proposed at five Guineas, & afterwards reduced to Two Guineas, that makes no difference with me, The 400 Books will cost me the same money, there being no alteration made in printing the Work. As there is nothing I desire so much, as to acquitt my Self to Mr. Secretary Craggs, That I have used Mr. Tickell with great Generosity in this affair, So Imake no doubt, when you come to Explain this matter to him (which I beg you would do in the most <respectfull> \regardfull/ manner) He will be Convinc'd that I have Used Mr. Tickell well, & not ill.

<Mr. Tickell has allways done what he cou'd to depress and hurt me, but my great pleasure is, that I have in return, allways studdyd to oblige, & to the utmost of my power, serve him, & I will say that upon the Ballance he is obliged to me, not I to him.>8 I am Sir | Your most humble | obliged & most obedient Servant | Tonson

26th January | 1719

[87v] <Because I give by ⌃ \the 400/ Books & the debt due from Mr. Addison, I have actually give Mr. Tickell above 500 pounds, & all this is for an Essay upon the Xtian Religeon9 wch will not make, Ten Sheets in Print, & besides He has the Use of all my Copy for nothing, & by Cutting ⌃\out/ the best of the Spectatrs to be sold Single, it will ⌃ \in a great measure/ Spoil the Sale of those Books.>10 I [MS deletion] will Conclude this Letter by protesting Sincerely, that in all this matter I have been wholly Govern'd by the regards which I shall ever preserve for Mr. C11 & and that I understand I have really made him a Compliment in what I thus give Mr. Tickell, who could have no pretence for any Such favour from me.

manuscript: British Library, Add. MSS., 28,275, fols 86, 87.pg 188

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Editor’s Note
1 This is clearly a draft; it is not possible to represent it properly as it is so confused and untidy, occasionally amounting to up to three interlineations. It deals with the contract for Tickell's edition of Addison's Works.
Editor’s Note
2 In August 1716, Addison had married Charlotte Rich (née Myddleton), Countess of Warwick [Charlotte Addison (bap. 1680, d. 1731)]. Addison was forty-four and the bride thirty-six. They had known each other since at least 1705. Lady Warwick had been left a widow at twenty-one, on the death of her first husband, Edward Rich, Earl of Warwick (1673–1701), with a son aged three who was to become a protégé of Addison, although not, as has been suggested, his pupil.
Editor’s Note
3 This agreement has not survived along with this letter.
Editor’s Note
4 There is a rough draft of this assignment reproduced in Tickell, 74–5.
Editor’s Note
5 Jacob Tonson the younger owned all the Addison copyrights, except the Tatler, which was owned by Lillie and Morphew, and half of the Spectator, which was owned by Buckley (see the contract for the Spectator (1714) between Samuel Buckley and Jacob Tonson the younger, British Library, Add. MSS, 21,110). This contract reflects the growing marginalization of the Stationers' Company in the recording of rights and assignments (for the 'increasing irrelevance of the Stationers' Register to the realities of trade practice ... which led to the Company's decreasing importance and power', see Barnard, 'Introduction', 16–17).
Editor’s Note
6 This copy of the assignment has not survived along with this letter.
Editor’s Note
7 It was common practice for patrons and subscribers to give financial and other 'encouragement' to authors over and above the cover price of a book (see Dustin Griffin, Literary Patronage in England 1650–1800 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996), ch. 2).
Editor’s Note
8 James Craggs the younger was Addison's literary heir— 'I cannot wish any of my Writings should last longer than the Memory of our Friendship, and therefore I thus publickly bequeathe them to you, in return for the many valuable Instances of your affection' (quoted in Smithers, Joseph Addison, 443)—but it was to Craggs's under-secretary, Tickell, that the editing of the posthumous Works fell.
Editor’s Note
9 Jacob Tonson the younger refers to 'Of the Christian Religion', which was first printed as the final work in Addison's Works, 4.551–84.
Editor’s Note
10 Tickell's edition prints only a selection of the Spectator essays, in volumes three and four.
Editor’s Note
11 Supply 'Craggs'.
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