Gary Taylor, John Jowett, Terri Bourus, and Gabriel Egan (eds), The New Oxford Shakespeare: Critical Reference Edition, Vol. 1

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Critical ApparatusEnter Bull. Yorke, North.

Bull. So that by this intelligence we learne

2The Welch men are disperst, and Salisburie

3Is gone to meete the King, who lately landed

4With some few priuate friends vpon this coast.


North. The newes is very faire and good my lord,

6Richard not farre from hence hath hid his head.


Yorke It would beseeme the Lord Northumberland

8To say King Richard; alacke the heauy day,

9When such a sacred King should hide his head.


North. Your Grace mistakes; onely to be briefe

Critical Apparatus11Left I his title out.

Yorke The time hath bin,

12Would you haue beene so briefe with him,

Critical Apparatus13He would haue bin so briefe to shorten you,

Critical Apparatus14For taking so the head, your whole heads length:


Bull. Mistake not (vncle) further then you should.


Yorke Take not (good cousin) further then you should,

Critical Apparatus17Lest you mistake the heauens are ouer our heads.


Bull. I know it vncle, and oppose not my selfe,

19Against their will. But, who comes here?

Enter Percie.

20Welcome Harry; what, will not this castle yeelde?

Critical Apparatus21

H.Per. The Castle royally is mand my Lord,

F4rCritical Apparatus Link 22Against thy entrance.

Bull. Royally,

23Why it containes no King.

H.Per. Yes (my good Lord,)

24It doth containe a King, King Richard lies

25Within the limites of yon lime and stone,

26And with him are the Lord Aumerle, Lord Salisbury,

pg 41727Sir Stephen Scroope, besides a cleargie man

28Of holy reuerence, who I cannot learne.


North. Oh belike it is the bishop of Carleil.

Critical Apparatus30

Bull. Noble [Lord],

31Go to the rude ribbes of that ancient Castle,

32Through brazen trumpet send the breath of parlee

33Into his ruinde eares, and thus deliuer.

Critical Apparatus34H. Bull.

Critical Apparatus35On both his knees doth kisse king Richards hand,

36And sends allegeance and true faith of heart

37To his most royall person: hither come

38Euen at his feete to lay my armes and power:

39Prouided, that my banishment repeald,

40And lands restored againe be freely granted;

41If not, Ile vse the aduantage of my power,

42And lay the summers dust with showres of bloud,

43Rainde from the wounds of slaughtered English men,

Critical Apparatus44The which, how farre off from the minde of Bulling.

45It is, such crimson tempest should bedrench

46The fresh greene lap of faire King Richards land:

47My stooping duety tenderly shall shew:

48Go signifie as much while here we march

49Vpon the grassie carpet of this plaine;

50Lets march without the noyse of threatning drumme,

51That from this Castels tottered battlements

52Our faire appointments may be well perusde.

53Me thinkes King Richard and my selfe should meete

54With no lesse terrour than the elements

55Of fire and water, when their thundring shocke

56At meeting teares the cloudie cheekes of heauen.

57Be he the fire, Ile be the yeelding water;

Critical Apparatus58The rage be his, whilst on the earth I raigne

F4vCritical Apparatus Link 59My [waters], on the earth, and not on him,

60March on, and marke King Richard how he lookes.

Critical ApparatusThe trumpets sound, Richard appeareth on the walls.

Bull. See see King Richard doth himselfe appeare.

62As doth the blushing discontented Sunne,

63From out the fierie portall of the East,

64When he perceiues the enuious cloudes are bent

pg 418Critical Apparatus65To dimme his glorie, and to staine the tracke

66Of his bright passage to the Occident.


Yorke Yet lookes he like a King, beholde his eye,

68As bright as is the Eagles, lightens forth

69Controlling maiestie; alacke alacke for woe,

70That any harme should staine so faire a shew.


King We are amazde, and thus long haue we stoode,

72To watch the feareful bending of thy knee,

73Because we thought our selfe thy lawful King:

Critical Apparatus74An if wee be, howe dare thy ioynts forget

75To pay their awefull duety to our presence?

76If we be not, shew vs the hand of God

77That hath dismist vs from our Stewardship;

78For well we know no hand of bloud and bone

79Can gripe the sacred handle of our Scepter,

80Vnlesse he do prophane, steale, or vsurpe,

81And though you thinke that all as you haue done

82Haue torne their soules, by turning them from vs,

83And we are barren and bereft of friends:

84Yet know, my maister God omnipotent.

85Is mustering in his cloudes on our behalfe,

86Armies of pestilence, and they shall strike

87Your children yet vnborne, and vnbegot,

88That lift your vassaile hands against my head,

89And threat the glorie of my precious crowne.

Critical Apparatus90Tell Bullingbrooke, for yon me thinkes he standes,

91That euery stride he makes vpon my land,

Critical Apparatus92Is dangerous treason: he is come to open

93The purple testament of bleeding warre:

G1r Link 94But ere the crowne he lookes for, liue in peace,

95Ten thousand bloudy crownes of mothers sonnes,

96Shall ill become the flower of Englands face,

97Change the complexion of her maid-pale peace,

98To scarlet indignation and bedew

Critical Apparatus99Her pastors grasse with faithfull English bloud.


North. The King of heauen forbid: our Lo: the king

101Should so with ciuill and vnciuill armes,

102Be rusht vpon. Thy thrise noble Cosen,

103Harry Bullingbrooke doth humbly kisse thy hand,

104And by the honorable tombe he sweares,

105That stands vpon your roiall grandsires bones,

106And by the roialties of both your blouds,

107Currents that spring from one most gratious head,

108And by the buried hand of warlike Gaunt,

109And by the worth and honor of himselfe,

pg 419110Comprising all that may be sworne or said.

111His comming hither hath no further scope,

112Then for his lineall roialties, and to beg

113Infranchisement immediate on his knees,

114Which on thy roiall partie granted once,

115His glittering armes he will commend to rust,

116His barbed steeds to stables, and his hart

117To faithfull seruice of your Maiesty.

Critical Apparatus118This sweares he, as he is [a prince and] iust,

119And as I am a gentleman I credit him.


King Northumberland, say thus, the King returnes,

121His noble Cosen is right welcome hither,

122And all the number of his faire demaunds,

123Shall be accomplisht without contradiction,

124With all the gratious vtterance thou hast,

125Speake to his gentle hearing kind commends.

Critical Apparatus126[We] do debase our selues, Cosen do we not,

127To looke so poorely, and to speake so faire?

128Shall we call backe Northumberland and send

129Defiance to the traitor and so die?


Aum. No good my Lo: lets fight with gentle words,

G1v Link 131Till time lend friends, and friends their helpfull swords.


King Oh God oh God that ere this tong of mine

133That laid the sentence of dread banishment

134On yon prowde man should take it off againe

135With words of sooth! Oh that I were as great

136As is my griefe, or lesser than my name!

137Or that I could forget what I haue beene!

138Or not remember what I must be now!

139Swellst thou (prowd heart) Ile giue thee scope to beate,

140Since foes haue scope to beate both thee and me.


Aum. Northumberland comes backe from Bullingbrooke


King What must the King do now? must he submit?

143The King shall do it: must he be deposde?

144The king shall be contented: must he loose

Critical Apparatus145The name of King? a Gods name let it go:

146Ile giue my iewels for a set of Beades:

147My gorgeous pallace for a hermitage:

148My gay apparel for an almesmans gowne:

149My figurde goblets for a dish of wood:

150My scepter for a Palmers walking staffe:

151My subiects for a paire of carued Saintes,

152And my large kingdome for a little graue,

153A little little graue, an obscure graue,

pg 420154Or Ile be buried in the Kings hie way,

155Some way of common trade, where subiects feete

156May hourely trample on their soueraignes head;

157For on my heart they treade now whilst I liue:

158And buried once, why not vpon my head?

159Aumerle thou weepst (my tender-hearted coosin)

160Weele make fowle weather with despised teares;

161Our sighs and they shall lodge the summer corne,

162And make a dearth in this reuolting land:

163Or shall we play the wantons with our woes,

164And make some prety match with sheading teares,

Critical Apparatus165As thus to drop them still vpon one place,

166Till they haue fretted vs a paire of graues

Critical Apparatus167Within the earth, and therein laide; there lies

G2rCritical Apparatus Link 168Two kinsmen digd their graues with weeping eies:

169Would not this ill do well? well well I see,

Critical Apparatus170I talke but idlely, and you laugh at me.

171Most mightie Prince my Lord Northumberland,

172What saies king Bullingbroke, will his maiestie

173Giue Richard leaue to liue till Richard dye,

174You make a leg and Bullingbroke saies I.


North. My Lord, in the base court he doth attend,

176To speake with you, may it please you to come downe.


King. Downe, downe I come, like glistring Phaeton:

178Wanting the manage of vnrulie Iades.

179In the base court, base court where Kinges growe base,

180To come at traitors calls, and do them grace,

181In the base court come downe: downe court, downe King,

182For nightowles shreeke where mounting larkes should sing.


Bull. What saies his maiestie?

North. Sorrowe and greife of hart,

184Makes him speake fondly like a frantike man,

185Yet he is come.

Bull. Stand all apart,

186And shew faire dutie to his Maiestie:

Critical Apparatus(he kneeles downe.

187My gratious Lord.


King. Faire coosen, you debase your princely knee,

189To make the base earth proud with kissing it:

190Me rather had my hart might feele your loue,

191Then my vnpleased eie see your curtesie:

192Vp coosen vp, your hart is vp I knowe,

193Thus high at least, although your knee be lowe.


Bull. My gratious Lord, I come but for mine owne.


King. Your owne is yours, and I am yours and all.


Bull. So farre be mine my most redoubted Lord,

197As my true seruice shall deserue your loue.

pg 421 Critical Apparatus198

King. Well you deserue: they well deserue to haue,

199That know the strong'st and surest way to get,

Critical Apparatus200Vncle giue me your handes, nay drie your eies,

201Teares shew their loue, but want their remedies.

202Coosen I am to yong to be your Father,

G2vCritical Apparatus Link 203Though you are old enough to be my heire,

204What you will haue, Ile giue, and willing to,

205For doe we must, what force will haue vs doe:

206Set on towards London, Cosen is it so?

Critical Apparatus207

Bul. Yea my good Lord:

King. Then I must not say no.

Notes Settings


Critical Apparatus Enter Bull. Yorke, North. 1simmes; Enter with Drum and Colours, Bullingbrooke, Yorke, Northumberland, Attendants. jaggard. Another instance where jaggard adds theatrical noises and setting.
Critical Apparatus jaggard adds 'with Drum and Colours' after 'Enter' and 'Attendants' after 'Northumberland'
Critical Apparatus
3.3.11–13 The . . . you 1simmes; beene,| would| jaggard
Critical Apparatus
3.3.13 briefe 1simmes; briefe with you jaggard. jaggard's alteration is widely accepted but not necessary. Since the omitted words also coincide with the relining seen in jaggard, it is likely that jaggard is the result of consultation of the manuscript.
Critical Apparatus
3.3.13 jaggard adds 'with you' after 'briefe'
Critical Apparatus
3.3.14 head, 1simmes(b); head. 1simmes(a)
Critical Apparatus
3.3.14 Some copies print 'head.' for 'head,'
Critical Apparatus
3.3.17 ouer our heads 1simmes; ouer your heads 3wise; ore your head jaggard. jaggard prints the metrically required pronunciation of 'ouer', and is followed in Modern.
Critical Apparatus
3.3.21 royally is 1simmes, jaggard; is royally 2wise
Critical Apparatus
3.3.21 Lord, jaggard; Lord. 1simmes
Critical Apparatus
3.3.22–3 Royally . . . King. steevens; 1 line 1simmes
Critical Apparatus
3.3.30 Lord jaggard; Lords 1simmes. As Northumberland is the intended target of the speech, the singular makes sense here.
Critical Apparatus
3.3.34 H. Bull. = Henry Bolingbroke
Critical Apparatus
3.3.34–7 H. . . . come malone; 3 lines 1simmes: hand,| heart|; 3 lines jaggard: kisse| allegeance|. 1simmes may have forced the first two lines together for space purposes, or because of the way the line appeared in the copy. Instead of fixing 1simmes, jaggard compounds the problem, and even omits the word 'most' in the justified final line. It is possibly that the expansion of 'H. Bull.' to 'Henry Bullingbrooke' in jaggard forced the awkward relineation.
Critical Apparatus
3.3.35 On both 1simmes; vpon jaggard. jaggard is not accepted by most modern editors. However, jowett points out that the inconvenient expansion of 'H. Bull.' in jaggard is hard to explain without provenance in a playbook, and following that change, it seems unlikely that 'vpon' was substituted for 'On both'. Further, the extensive relineation of jaggard may be the consequence of having to readjust for the length of the extended speech prefix (see Lineation Note).
Critical Apparatus
3.3.35 jaggard prints 'vpon' for 'On both'
Critical Apparatus
3.3.44 Bulling. = Bolingbroke
Critical Apparatus
3.3.58 whilst → while
Critical Apparatus
3.3.59 waters jaggard water's 1simmes
Critical Apparatus The . . . walls. 1simmes; Parle without, and answere within: then a Flourish. Enter on the Walls, Richard, Carlile, Aumerle, Scroop, Salisbury. jaggard
Critical Apparatus jaggard alters the entry direction to 'Parle without, and answere within: then a Flourish. Enter on the Walls, Richard, Carlile, Aumerle, Scroop, Salisbury.'
Critical Apparatus
3.3.65 tracke → tract
Critical Apparatus
3.3.74 An 1simmes, jaggard; And jowett. jowett makes better sense here, but is not strictly necessary to understand the line.
Critical Apparatus
3.3.90 standes 1simmes; is jaggard. jaggard's reading is difficult to explain as a compositorial error. jowett identifies this as the second of three revisions in jaggard that prevents a rhyme (or a near-rhyme in this case). See also 3.1.32, 5.3.21.
Critical Apparatus
3.3.90 jaggard prints 'is' for 'standes'
Critical Apparatus
3.3.92 open → ope
Critical Apparatus
3.3.99 pastors = pastures'. Some editors defend 'pastors' as a metonym for shepherd. As kings were sometimes compared to the shepherd-Christ figure, the image of sacrifice and blood makes sense here too, though there appear to be no other examples of the word 'pastor' referring to a person near the word 'grass' in EEBO-TCP.
Critical Apparatus
3.3.118 [a prince and] ure (Sisson); princesse 1simmes; a Prince 3wise; a Prince, is jaggard. As Sisson notes, the revision in jaggard does not establish good sense. He argues plausibly that '&' in the annotated version of the copy text for jaggard could potentially have been mistaken for 'es'. sisson's emendation gives better sense and supplies the missing syllable.
Critical Apparatus
3.3.126 [We] 4white, jaggard; King We 1simmes. It is possible that this speech prefix survived after an intervening line of speech by Northumberland was crossed out in the copy text for 1simmes; or, as repeated speech prefixes sometimes follow a stage direction, that a stage direction in the manuscript was omitted in 1simmes.
Critical Apparatus
3.3.126 selues 1simmes; selfe jaggard. This change is not beyond the scope of the compositor. Richard also uses the plural form at 1.1.16.
Critical Apparatus
3.3.145 of 1simmes, jaggard; of a 2wise
Critical Apparatus
3.3.145 a 1simmes o' jaggard. See 1.2.65, 2.1.164, 2.1.252, 2.2.52.
Critical Apparatus
3.3.165 As 1simmes, jaggard; And 2wise
Critical Apparatus
3.3.167 therein . . . lies 1simmes; there inlaid, Here lies craig (Vaughan). Vaughan conjectures that the word 'inlaid' describes the inscription (though the other uses he points out are decorative and not about words specifically). Vaughan also points out that this line sounds like an epitaph that typically begins with 'Here lies'. Though jowett does not accept this emendation he points out that the repetition of 'there' could potentially be dittography.
Critical Apparatus
3.3.168 eies: 1simmes(b); eies? 1simmes(a)
Critical Apparatus
3.3.168 One extant copy prints 'eies?' for 'eies:'
Critical Apparatus
3.3.170 laugh 1simmes; mocke jaggard. Jowett and Taylor argue that 'jaggard has the more emotionally precise expression' (191).
Critical Apparatus
3.3.170 jaggard prints 'mocke' for 'laugh'
Critical Apparatus (he kneeles downe. 1simmes; not in jaggard. This is one of few instances in which jaggard does not print an already existing stage direction.
Critical Apparatus
3.3.198 you deserue 1simmes you deseru'd jaggard. Jowett now considers the possibility that jaggard could have been altered by accident due to a mark for the line-break alteration.
Critical Apparatus
3.3.200 handes 1simmes; Hand jaggard. See Midsummer Night's Dream 5.541, Tempest 5.1.213, and Taming of the Shrew 5.306.
Critical Apparatus
3.3.203 be my 1simmes, jaggard; be 2wise
Critical Apparatus
3.3.207 no. 1simmes ~.| Flourish. Exeunt.| Scena Quarta. jaggard. jaggard prints 'Flourish.' in the middle of the next line and 'Exeunt.' in the right-hand margin of that line, which constitutes the final line of the column at the bottom of the page. jaggard prints 'Scena Quarta.' at the top of the page.
Critical Apparatus
3.3.207 jaggard prints 'Flourish.' and 'Exeunt.' and 'no.', on a separate line, and puts 'Scena Quarta.' (boxed) on the line after
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