Gary Taylor, John Jowett, Terri Bourus, and Gabriel Egan (eds), The New Oxford Shakespeare: Critical Reference Edition, Vol. 1

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Sc. 21.2

Critical ApparatusEnter Iohn of Gaunt with the Duchesse of Glocester.
Critical Apparatus1

Gaunt Alas, the part I had in Woodstockes bloud,

2Doth more sollicite me than your exclaimes,

3To stirre against the butchers of his life,

4But since correction lieth in those hands,

5Which made the fault that we cannot correct:

6Put we our quarrell to the will of heauen,

7Who when they see the houres ripe on earth,

8Will raine hot vengeance on offenders heads.


Duchesse Findes brotherhood in thee no sharper spurre?

10Hath loue in thy old bloud no liuing fire?

11Edwards seuen sonnes whereof thy selfe art one.

12Were as seuen viols of his sacred bloud,

13Or seuen faire branches springing from one roote:

14Some of those seuen are dried by natures course,

15Some of those branches by the Destinies cut:

16But Thomas my deare Lord, my life, my Glocester,

17One violl full of Edwards sacred bloud,

18One flourishing branch of his most royall roote

19Is crackt, and all the precious liquor spilt,

20Is hackt downe, and his summer leaues all faded

21By Enuies hand, and Murders bloudy axe.

22Ah Gaunt, his bloud was thine, that bed, that womb,

23That mettall, that selfe mould, that fashioned thee

24Made him a man: and though thou liuest and breathest,

25Yet art thou slaine in him, thou doost consent

26In some large measure to thy fathers death,

27In that thou seest thy wretched brother die,

28Who was the modell of thy fathers life:

29Call it not patience Gaunt, it is dispaire,

30In suffring thus thy brother to be slaughtred,

31Thou shewest the naked pathway to thy life,

32Teaching sterne Murder how to butcher thee:

pg 38133That which in meane men we intitle Patience,

34Is pale cold Cowardice in noble breasts.

B1vCritical Apparatus Link 35What shall I saie? to safegard thine owne life,

36The best way is to venge my Glocesters death.

Critical Apparatus37

Gaunt Gods is the quarrell for Gods substitute,

38His deputy annointed in his sight,

39Hath causd his death, the which if wrongfully,

Critical Apparatus40Let heauen reuenge, for I may neuer lift

41An angry arme against his minister.

Critical Apparatus42

Duch. Where then alas may I complaine my selfe?

Critical Apparatus43

Gaunt To God the widdowes Champion and defence,

Critical Apparatus44

Duch Why then I will; farewell olde Gaunt,

45Thou goest to Couentry, there to behold

46Our Coosen Hereford and fell Mowbray fight,

Critical Apparatus47O set my husbands wronges on Herefords speare,

Critical Apparatus48That it may enter butcher Mowbraies breast:

49Or if misfortune misse the first carier,

50Be Mowbraies sinnes so heauy in his bosome

51That they may breake his foming coursers backe,

52And throw the rider headlong in the listes,

53A caitiue recreant to my Coosen Hereford,

54Farewell old Gaunt, thy sometimes brothers wife,

55With her companion Griefe must end her life.


Gaunt Sister farewell, I must to Couentry,

57As much good stay with thee, as go with me.

Critical Apparatus58

Duch. Yet one word more, griefe boundeth where [it] fals,

Critical Apparatus59Not with the emptie hollownes, but weight

60I take my leaue before I haue begone,

61For sorrow endes not when it seemeth done:

62Commend me to thy brother Edmund Yorke,

63Lo this is all: nay yet depart not so,

64Though this be al, doe not so quickly go:

Critical Apparatus65I shall remember more: Bid him, ah what?

66With all good speede at Plashie visite me,

67Alacke and what shall good olde Yorke there see,

68But empty lodgings and vnfurnisht wals,

69Vnpeopled offices, vntrodden stones,

pg 382Critical Apparatus70And what cheere there for welcome but my grones?

71Therfore commend me, let him not come there,

B2r Link 72To seeke out sorrow that dwels euery where,

73Desolate desolate will I hence and die:

Critical Apparatus74The last leaue of thee takes my weeping eie.


Notes Settings


Critical Apparatus Iohn . . . the 1simmes; Gaunt, and jaggard. This is an example of jaggard's tendency to streamline stage directions. This change is not included in the Marginal Note because it represents the same information in a slightly different form; we cannot confidently claim that this change is beyond the scope of compositorial agency.
Critical Apparatus
1.2.1 Woodstockes 1simmes; Gloucesters jaggard. The only instance in which Gloucester is referred to as Woodstock. forker points out that the scene has no basis in Holinshed or Daniel, but that the Duchess's grief and desire for revenge in this scene are paralleled in Woodstock (Wiggins 1647). It has now been established that {Woodstock} was a seventeenth-century play, so it is possible that Shakespeare's scene here actually influenced that later play See related Performance Note.
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1.2.1 jaggard prints 'Glocesters' for 'Woodstockes'
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1.2.35 thine 1simmes, jaggard; thy 2wise
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1.2.37 Gods . . . Gods 1simmes; Heauens . . . heauens jaggard
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1.2.37 jaggard prints 'Heauens . . . heauens' for 'Gods . . . Gods'
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1.2.40 heauen 1simmes, jaggard; God pope. jowett suggests that 'his' (1.2.41) may be gender-neutral referent for 'heauen'. It is also possible that 'heauen' stands in for God here.
Critical Apparatus
1.2.42 then alas may 1simmes(b); then may 1simmes(a); then (alas may) jaggard. This press-correction creates an iambic pentameter, but the line is a perfectly acceptable as a tetrameter.
Critical Apparatus
1.2.42 complaine → complaint
Critical Apparatus
1.2.42 Some copies omit 'alas'
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1.2.43 God 1simmes; heauen jaggard
Critical Apparatus
1.2.43 and → to
Critical Apparatus
1.2.43 jaggard prints 'heauen' for 'God'
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1.2.44 farewell olde Gaunt 1simmes, jaggard; farewel, old Gaunt, farewel pope. In typical fashion, Pope seeks to make this tetrameter line a pentameter.
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1.2.47 set 1simmes; sit jaggard. A parallel from Woodstock 2734–6: '& may ther sinns sitt heauey on ther soules that they in death this day, may perrish all that trayterously conspird, good woodstocks fall', drawn by Reyher (1924) convinced black that the emendation was authoritative. However, this is an indifferent spelling within the scope of compositorial agency (see 5.5.27). Moreover, Woodstock is now thought to be the later play.
Critical Apparatus
1.2.48 butcher 1simmes(b), jaggard; butchers 1simmes(a)
Critical Apparatus
1.2.48 breast 1simmes(b); jaggard; brest 1simmes (a)
Critical Apparatus
1.2.48 Some copies print 'butchers' for 'butcher' and 'brest' for 'breast'
Critical Apparatus
1.2.58 it 2wise, jaggard; is 1simmes. 1simmes is an easy error of substitution.
Critical Apparatus
1.2.59 emptie hollownes 1simmes(b) jaggard; emptines, hol-| lownes 1simmes (a). The added suffix '-nes' on the word 'empty' is the result of the compositor looking ahead to 'hollowness'.
Critical Apparatus
1.2.59 Some copies print 'emptines, hollownes' for 'emptie hollownes"
Critical Apparatus
1.2.65 ah 1simmes; O jaggard. Jowett now considers the possibility that the changes from 'ah' to 'Oh' in jaggard may be scribal in nature. See 2.1.164, 2.1.252, 2.2.52, 3.3.145.
Critical Apparatus
1.2.70 cheere 1simmes(b), jaggard; heare 1simmes(a). malone accepts 'cheere' and explains: 'this passage furnishes an evident proof of the value of first editions, and also shows at how very early a period the revisers of Shakespeare's pieces began to tamper with his text'. Most subsequent editors accept 'heare', but 'cheere' is an acceptable reading.
Critical Apparatus
1.2.70 Some copies print 'heare' for 'cheere'
Critical Apparatus
1.2.74 Exeunt. 1simmes; ~.| Scena tertia. jaggard
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