Gary Taylor, John Jowett, Terri Bourus, and Gabriel Egan (eds), The New Oxford Shakespeare: Critical Reference Edition, Vol. 2

Find Location in text

Main Text

Sc. 11.1

m2vActus Primus. Scœna Prima.

Flourish of Trumpets: Then Hoboyes. Enter King, Duke Humfrey, Critical ApparatusSalisbury, Warwicke, and Beauford on the one side. The Queene, Suffolke, Yorke, Somerset, and Buckingham, on the other.
Critical Apparatus Link 1

Suffolke. As by your high Imperiall Maiesty,

2I had in charge at my depart for France,

3As Procurator to your Excellence,

4To marry Princes Margaret for your Grace;

5So in the Famous Ancient City, Toures,

6In presence of the Kings of France, and Sicill,

Critical Apparatus7The Dukes of Orleance, Calaber, Britaigne, and Alanson,

8Seuen Earles, twelue Barons, & twenty reuerend Bishops

9I haue perform'd my Taske, and was espous'd,

10And humbly now vpon my bended knee,

11In sight of England, and her Lordly Peeres,

12Deliuer vp my Title in the Queene

13To your most gracious hands, that are the Substance

14Of that great Shadow I did represent:

15The happiest Gift, that euer Marquesse gaue,

16The Fairest Queene, that euer King receiu'd.

pg 2484 17

King. Suffolke arise. Welcome Queene Margaret,

18I can expresse no kinder signe of Loue

19Then this kinde kisse: O Lord, that lends me life,

20Lend me a heart repleate with thankfulnesse:

21For thou hast giuen me in this beauteous Face

22A world of earthly blessings to my soule,

23If Simpathy of Loue vnite our thoughts.


Queen. Great King of England, & my gracious Lord,

25The mutuall conference that my minde hath had,

26By day, by night; waking, and in my dreames,

27In Courtly company, or at my Beades,

28With you mine Alder liefest Soueraigne,

29Makes me the bolder to salute my King,

30With ruder termes, such as my wit affoords,

31And ouer ioy of heart doth minister.


King. Her sight did rauish, but her grace in Speech,

33Her words yclad with wisedomes Maiesty,

34Makes me from Wondring, fall to Weeping ioyes,

35Such is the Fulnesse of my hearts content.

36Lords, with one cheerefull voice, Welcome my Loue.

Critical Apparatus37

All kneel. Long liue Qu. Margaret, Englands happines.


Queene. We thanke you all.


Suf. My Lord Protector, so it please your Grace,

40Heere are the Articles of contracted peace,

41Betweene our Soueraigne, and the French King Charles,

42For eighteene moneths concluded by consent.

Critical Apparatus43

Glo. Critical ApparatusReads. [Imprimis], It is agreed betweene the French K. 44Charles, and William de la Pole Marquesse of Suffolke, Ambassador for 45Henry King of England, That the said Henry shal espouse the Lady 46Margaret, daughter vnto Reignier King of Naples, Sicillia, and 47Ierusalem, and Crowne her Queene of England, ere the thirtieth of May 48next ensuing.

Critical Apparatus49    Item, That the Dutchy of Aniou, and the County of Main, shall be released Critical Apparatus50and deliuered to the King her father.


King. Vnkle, how now?

Glo. Pardon me gracious Lord,

pg 248552Some sodaine qualme hath strucke me at the heart,

53And dim'd mine eyes, that I can reade no further.


King. Vnckle of Winchester, I pray read on.

Critical Apparatus55

Win. Item, It is further agreed betweene them, That the Critical Apparatus56[Duches] of Aniou and Maine, shall be released and deliuered ouer to 57the King her Father, and shee sent ouer of the King of Englands owne Critical Apparatus58proper Cost and Charges, without hauing any Dowry.


King. They please vs well. Lord Marques kneel down,

60We heere create thee the first Duke of Suffolke,

61And girt thee with the Sword. Cosin of Yorke,

62We heere discharge your Grace from being Regent

63I'th parts of France, till terme of eighteene Moneths

64Be full expyr'd. Thankes Vncle Winchester,

65Gloster, Yorke, Buckingham, Somerset,

66Salisburie, and Warwicke.

67We thanke you all for this great fauour done,

68In entertainment to my Princely Queene.

69Come, let vs in, and with all speede prouide

70To see her Coronation be perform'd.

Exit King, Queene, and Suffolke. Manet the rest.

Glo. Braue Peeres of England, Pillars of the State,

72To you Duke Humfrey must vnload his greefe:

73Your greefe, the common greefe of all the Land.

74What? did my brother Henry spend his youth,

75His valour, coine, and people in the warres?

76Did he so often lodge in open field:

77In Winters cold, and Summers parching heate,

78To conquer France, his true inheritance?

79And did my brother Bedford toyle his wits,

m3r Link 80To keepe by policy what Henrie got:

81Haue you your selues, Somerset, Buckingham,

82Braue Yorke, Salisbury, and victorious Warwicke,

83Receiud deepe scarres in France and Normandie:

84Or hath mine Vnckle Beauford, and my selfe,

Critical Apparatus85With all the Learned Counsell of the Realme,

86Studied so long, sat in the Councell house,

87Early and late, debating too and fro

88How France and Frenchmen might be kept in awe,

89And hath his Highnesse in his infancie,

90Crowned in Paris in despight of foes,

91And shall these Labours, and these Honours dye?

pg 248692Shall Henries Conquest, Bedfords vigilance,

93Your Deeds of Warre, and all our Counsell dye?

94O Peeres of England, shamefull is this League,

95Fatall this Marriage, cancelling your Fame,

96Blotting your names from Bookes of memory,

Critical Apparatus97Racing the Charracters of your Renowne,

98Defacing Monuments of Conquer'd France,

99Vndoing all as all had neuer bin.


Car. Nephew, what meanes this passionate discourse?

Critical Apparatus101This [peroration] with such circumstance:

102For France, 'tis ours; and we will keepe it still.


Glo. I Vnckle, we will keepe it, if we can:

104But now it is impossible we should.

Critical Apparatus105Suffolke, the new made Duke that rules the rost,

106Hath giuen the Dutchy of Aniou and Mayne,

107Vnto the poore King Reignier, whose large style

108Agrees not with the leannesse of his purse.


Sal. Now by the death of him that dyed for all,

110These Counties were the Keyes of Normandie:

111But wherefore weepes Warwicke, my valiant sonne?


War. For greefe that they are past recouerie.

113For were there hope to conquer them againe,

114My sword should shed hot blood, mine eyes no teares.

115Aniou and Maine? My selfe did win them both:

116Those Prouinces, these Armes of mine did conquer,

117And are the Citties that I got with wounds,

118Deliuer'd vp againe with peacefull words?

119Mort Dieu.


Yorke. For Suffolkes Duke, may he be suffocate,

121That dims the Honor of this Warlike Isle:

122France should haue torne and rent my very hart,

123Before I would haue yeelded to this League.

124I neuer read but Englands Kings haue had

125Large summes of Gold, and Dowries with their wiues,

126And our King Henry giues away his owne,

127To match with her that brings no vantages.


Hum. A proper iest, and neuer heard before,

129That Suffolke should demand a whole Fifteenth,

130For Costs and Charges in transporting her:

Critical Apparatus131She should haue staid in France, and steru'd in France



Car . My Lord of Gloster, now ye grow too hot,

134It was the pleasure of my Lord the King.


Hum. My Lord of Winchester I know your minde.

136'Tis not my speeches that you do mislike:

pg 2487137But 'tis my presence that doth trouble ye,

138Rancour will out, proud Prelate, in thy face

139I see thy furie: If I longer stay,

140We shall begin our ancient bickerings:

141Lordings farewell, and say when I am gone,

142I prophesied, France will be lost ere long.

Exit Humfrey.

Car. So, there goes our Protector in a rage:

144'Tis knowne to you he is mine enemy:

145Nay more, an enemy vnto you all,

146And no great friend, I feare me to the King;

147Consider Lords, he is the next of blood,

148And heyre apparant to the English Crowne:

149Had Henrie got an Empire by his marriage,

150And all the wealthy Kingdomes of the West,

151There's reason he should be displeas'd at it:

152Looke to it Lords, let not his smoothing words

153Bewitch your hearts, be wise and circumspect.

154What though the common people fauour him,

155Calling him, Humfrey the good Duke of Gloster,

156Clapping their hands, and crying with loud voyce,

Critical Apparatus157Iesu maintaine your Royall Excellence,

158With God preserue the good Duke Humfrey:

159I feare me Lords, for all this flattering glosse,

160He will be found a dangerous Protector.


Buc. Why should he then protect our Soueraigne?

162He being of age to gouerne of himselfe.

163Cosin of Somerset, ioyne you with me,

Critical Apparatus164And altogether with the Duke of Suffolke,

Critical Apparatus165Wee'l quickly hoyse Duke Humfrey from his seat.


Car. This weighty businesse will not brooke delay,

167Ile to the Duke of Suffolke presently.

Exit Cardinall.

Som. Cosin of Buckingham, though Humfries pride

169And greatnesse of his place be greefe to vs,

170Yet let vs watch the haughtie Cardinall,

171His insolence is more intollerable

172Then all the Princes in the Land beside,

173If Gloster be displac'd, hee'l be Protector.


Buc. Or thou, or I Somerset will be Protectors,

175Despite Duke Humfrey, or the Cardinall.

Exit Buckingham, and Somerset.

Sal. Pride went before, Ambition followes him.

177While these do labour for their owne preferment,

178Behooues it vs to labor for the Realme.

179I neuer saw but Humfrey Duke of Gloster,

180Did beare him like a Noble Gentleman:

181Oft haue I seene the haughty Cardinall.

182More like a Souldier then a man o'th' Church,

183As stout and proud as he were Lord of all,

pg 2488184Sweare like a Ruffian, and demeane himselfe

185Vnlike the Ruler of a Common-weale.

186Warwicke my sonne, the comfort of my age,

187Thy deeds, thy plainnesse, and thy house-keeping,

Critical Apparatus188Hath wonne the greatest fauour of the Commons,

189Excepting none but good Duke Humfrey.

190And Brother Yorke, thy Acts in Ireland,

191In bringing them to ciuill Discipline:

192Thy late exploits done in the heart of France,

193When thou wert Regent for our Soueraigne,

Critical Apparatus194Haue made thee fear'd and honor'd of the people,

195Ioyne we together for the publike good,

196In what we can, to bridle and suppresse

197The pride of Suffolke, and the Cardinall,

198With Somersets and Buckinghams Ambition,

199And as we may, cherish Duke Humfries deeds,

200While they do tend the profit of the Land.


War. So God helpe Warwicke, as he loues the Land,

202And common profit of his Countrey.

Critical Apparatus203

Yor. And so sayes Yorke, for he hath greatest cause.

Critical Apparatus204

Salisbury. Then [lets] away, and looke vnto the maine.

Critical Apparatus205

Warwicke. Vnto the maine? Oh Father, Maine is lost,

Critical Apparatus206That Maine, which by maine force Warwicke did winne,

207And would haue kept, so long as breath did last:

m3v Link 208Main-chance father you meant, but I meant Maine,

209Which I will win from France, or else be slaine.

Exit Warwicke, and Salisbury. Manet Yorke.

Yorke. Aniou and Maine are giuen to the French,

211Paris is lost, the state of Normandie

212Stands on a tickle point, now they are gone:

213Suffolke concluded on the Articles,

214The Peeres agreed, and Henry was well pleas'd,

215To change two Dukedomes for a Dukes faire daughter.

pg 2489216I cannot blame them all, what is't to them?

217'Tis thine they giue away, and not their owne.

218Pirates may make cheape penyworths of their pillage,

219And purchase Friends, and giue to Curtezans,

220Still reuelling like Lords till all be gone,

221While as the silly Owner of the goods

222Weepes ouer them, and wrings his haplesse hands,

223And shakes his head, and trembling stands aloofe,

224While all is shar'd, and all is borne away,

225Ready to sterue, and dare not touch his owne.

Critical Apparatus226So Yorke must sit and fret, and bite his tongue,

227While his owne Lands are bargain'd for, and sold:

228Me thinkes the Realmes of England, France, & Ireland,

229Beare that proportion to my flesh and blood,

230As did the fatall brand Althæa burnt,

231Vnto the Princes heart of Calidon:

232Aniou and Maine both giuen vnto the French?

233Cold newes for me: for I had hope of France,

234Euen as I haue of fertile Englands soile.

235A day will come, when Yorke shall claime his owne,

236And therefore I will take the Neuils parts,

237And make a shew of loue to proud Duke Humfrey,

238And when I spy aduantage, claime the Crowne,

239For that's the Golden marke I seeke to hit:

240Nor shall proud Lancaster vsurpe my right,

241Nor hold the Scepter in his childish Fist,

242Nor weare the Diadem vpon his head,

243Whose Church-like humors fits not for a Crowne.

244Then Yorke be still a-while, till time do serue:

245Watch thou, and wake when others be asleepe,

246To prie into the secrets of the State,

Critical Apparatus247Till Henrie [surfet in the] ioyes of loue,

248With his new Bride, & Englands deere bought Queen,

249And Humfrey with the Peeres be falne at iarres:

250Then will I raise aloft the Milke-white-Rose,

251With whose sweet smell the Ayre shall be perfum'd,

Critical Apparatus252And [in] my Standard beare the Armes of Yorke,

253To grapple with the house of Lancaster,

254And force perforce Ile make him yeeld the Crowne,

255Whose bookish Rule, hath pull'd faire England downe.

Exit Yorke.

Notes Settings


Critical Apparatus
1.0.2–4 Flourish … other. jaggard; Enter at one doore, King Henry the sixt, and Humphrey Duke of| Gloster, the Duke of Sommerset, the Duke of Buckingham, Car-|dinall Bewford, and others.| Enter at the other doore, the Duke of Yorke, and the Marquesse of| Suffolke, and Queene Margaret, and the Earle of Salisbury and Warwicke. 1creede. Neither 1creede nor jaggard divides the entrances along Lancastrian and Yorkist lines, but 1creede might make better theatrical sense with the returning French party meeting those at court.
Critical Apparatus
1.1 Suffolke.| As jaggard. The speech prefix for Suffolk is centred in jaggard, creating space for an ornamental printing block for 'A'.
Critical Apparatus
1.7 The … Alanson, this edition; 1 line jaggard
Critical Apparatus
1.37 Qu. = Queen
Critical Apparatus
1.43 Imprimis 1creede; Inprimis jaggard. The compositor probably misreads this unfamiliar Latin word.
Critical Apparatus
1.43 K. = King
Critical Apparatus
1.43.1 Reads. jaggard. From the way the line is set it is unclear if 'Glo.' and 'Reads.' are printed separately as speech prefix and stage direction, or if the two are combined as one direction. We treat the latter as a separate direction in both editions.
Critical Apparatus
1.49 That jaggard; It is further agreed betwene them, that 1creede. The two readings of the same letter (here and 1.55) agree in 1creede. It is possible that the compositor committed an eye-skip error from 'Item' to 'them'. However, countering this possibility, there may have been a differentiation between secretary and italic hands in these words in the manuscript, and if jaggard reflects copy layout, 'Item' is the first word in the line, so unlikely to be confused with the eighth. The different readings also make strong dramatic sense: Gloucester switches to a more summary kind of reading on account of his 'sodaine qualme', while Winchester pragmatically supplies the antecedent for 'that'. hattawayhattaway suggests that Gloucester may earlier have been 'skimming on to the important part', and we agree that this could be conveyed effectively in performance. Alternatively, Winchester's additional legalistic flourish may show him making the most of the task (but note his own 'skimming' at 1.56).
Critical Apparatus
1.50 deliuered jaggard; deliuered ouer 1creede. See previous note. There is no reason for the compositor to keep making errors of omission of the text of these two lines; inconsistency is not a sufficiently compelling reason to emend to accord with the latter reading, especially as we know that Gloucester is faltering.
Critical Apparatus
1.50 father. jaggard; fa.| Duke Humphrey lets it fall. 1creede. Discussed further in the Alternative Versions volume, the variant reading in 1creede does not affect establishing the text for jaggard. It may be an abbreviated form in 1creede, corrected in jaggard. Or the two readings could represent deliberate variants. The paper must pass by some means to the Cardinal's hands, and the stage direction in 1creede provides one way of doing that. See performance note in Modern edition.
Critical Apparatus
1.55–9 Item … Dowry. jaggard. One of five passages where a quarto may have been used as the principal copy. See Textual Introduction.
Critical Apparatus
1.56 Duches 1creede = Duchies; Dutches 2millington; Dutchesse 3pavier; Dutchesse jaggard; Dutchies rowe; Duchy cairncross. montgomerymontgomery proposed that 1.55–8 was set from some copy of the quarto—probably 3pavier, since that is used in other cases where jaggard's manuscript authority seems to have been deficient—and adopted 1creede (as the most authoritative quarto) for this passage. The influence of 3pavier on this one word looks highly likely, but elsewhere in this five-line passage jaggard deviates from 3pavier: see the variant readings for the quartos and jaggard in the following two notes.
Critical Apparatus
1.56 Maine jaggard; of Mayne 3pavier; the county of Maine cairncross. Maine was a countship rather than a duchy, as observed correctly at 1.49, but there is little reason to impose historical accuracy here when the same mistake is made at 1.106. Nor should we assume that Winchester's reading agrees exactly with Gloucester's; here, conversely, Winchester reads a shorter version than Gloucester. (See Textual Note for 1.49.)
Critical Apparatus
1.58 without hauing any jaggard; without 1creede, 3pavier
Critical Apparatus
1.85 Counsell = Council
Critical Apparatus
1.97 Racing = razing
Critical Apparatus
1.101 peroration allot; preoration jaggard. 'Peroration' is never used by Shakespeare, Marlowe, or any other contemporary dramatist except for Thomas Nashe. It is found twice in his works: in the phrase 'As touching the Pestilence, some short peroration is now to succeede' in Christ's Tears over Jerusalem (1593; STC 18366), sig. I4v, and in the Latin phrase 'Peroratione operis' in Summer's Last Will and Testament (1600; STC 18376; Wiggins #941), sig. G2r.
Critical Apparatus
1.105 rost = roast. To 'rule the roast' is proverbial in early modern English (Dent, R144), meaning 'to have full sway or authority; to be master' (OED p. 2a). Compare 'like craftie Calipsos they thinke by these vnequall matches to rule the roste after their owne dyet' in Robert Greene's Gwydonius (1584; STC 12262), sig. N2v and 'strangers Rule the Roste [Yes] but wele baste [yt] the roste' in the manuscript for Sir Thomas More (Original Text in the hand of Munday; 4.3–4 in Jowett's edition). The more familiar modern phrase 'to rule the roost' is probably an eighteenth-century formulation (OED, 'to rule the roost' P.2).
Critical Apparatus
1.131 steru'd= starved
Critical Apparatus
1.157 Iesu jaggard; Iesus 1creede
Critical Apparatus
1.164 altogether = all togetherrowe. The phrase is clearly intended rather than the adverb, but these words were often combined where they would not be in modern usage. (Compare, for contemporary usage, 3 Henry VI 7.49, Macbeth 4.1.58, and Coriolanus 2.3.31.)
Critical Apparatus
1.165 hoyse = hoist. To 'hoyse' or 'hoise' is a common early modern verb, typically associated with raising a sail. OED notes that 'hoist' is 'originally a corruption of hoiss' ('hoise' v.). Compare, 'when the wind bloweth, we must be readie to hoyse vp sayle in Lancelot Andrewes', The wonderfull combate (1592; STC 629), sig. A7v.
Critical Apparatus
1.188 the = thee
Critical Apparatus
1.194 people, jaggard. 1creede includes two additional lines that are commonly inserted by editors who conflate the quarto and Folio versions of the play: 'The reuerence of mine age, and Neuels name,| Is of no little force if I command'. cairncross argues that 'The Q lines complete the qualifications of the trio' (Warwick, York, and the speaker, Salisbury). However, the passage is fully intelligible without the additional lines.
Critical Apparatus
1.203 And … cause.pope; 2 lines jaggard: Yorke,|. The compositor appears to be wasting space in three successive lines at the foot of column B of M3r. Prompting this action, M3v would have already have been set. See next two Lineation Notes.
Critical Apparatus
1.204 Then lets awaymontgomery (Taylor); Come sonnes away 1creede; Then lets make hast away jaggard; Then let's make haste pope. Among professional dramatists of the period, only Thomas Middleton uses the phrase to 'make haste away' (in A Mad World, My Masters (1608; STC 17888; 5.1.154–5 in Middleton), sig. H2r (EEBO–TCP 1576–1642). And Middleton has never been considered as a possible contributor to the play (necessarily in later adaptation; Middleton was born in 1580). However, the phrase is not unknown in early modern England. (Compare examples in Richard Barnfield's Cynthia (1595; STC 1484), sig. E4r, and Richard Hakluyt's Principal Nauigations (1599; STC 12626a), sig. Q3r and sig. Q3v.) And, for example, to 'make haste' occurs thirty-one times in Shakespeare. montgomery (Taylor) proposes that the compositor introduced an extrametrical phrase, 'make hast', to help fill out the additional space in the bottom right of column B while setting sig. M3r. The compositor sets this speech as two lines, as he also did the preceding and succeeding speeches. Also, deviating from his normal practice on this page, he expanded the speech prefixes to full names ('Salisbury.' and 'Warwicke.'). It is certainly possible that the compositor added a filler phrase. He may have chosen the middle of these three lines for an addition, supposing it the most useful single line to expand to disguise the recurring shortness. Evidently the compositor's setting practice reflects how he attempted to surmount spacing difficulties. Cutting 'make hast' from jaggard leaves a regular pentameter line.
Critical Apparatus
1.205 Then … maine. pope; 2 lines jaggard: away|. See Textual Note for this line.
Critical Apparatus
1.206 Vnto … lost, pope; 2 lines jaggard: maine?|
Critical Apparatus
1.226 sit allot; sit. jaggard
Critical Apparatus
1.247 surfet in thehanmer (subs.); surfetting in jaggard. The phrase 'surfet in' could easily have produced the mistake 'surfeiting' (especially as the final 'g' was often not pronounced, according to Crystal). The omission of 'the' might then have happened for metrical reasons, unconsciously or deliberately.
Critical Apparatus
1.252 in 1creede; in in jaggard
logo-footer Copyright © 2019. All rights reserved.
Access is brought to you by Log out