Lesley Higgins (ed.), The Collected Works of Gerard Manley Hopkins, Vol. 4: Oxford Essays and Notes

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pg 337INDEX

Bold numbers denote references to illustrations. For a complete list of academic resources in the 1860s, see pp. 78–85. Dates of birth and death are provided for all those listed in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography or cognate volumes.

Abbott, Edwin (1808–82)
Latin Prose through English Idiom 82
Adams, Henry (1838–1918) 27
Adams, James Eli 33
Addis, William Edward (1844–1917) 51
Aeneid (Virgil) 148
Aeschylus (525–456 bc) 3, 3–4 n. 9
Choephoroe 3
Prometheus Bound 3
aesthetics
Hopkins on 25, 86–7, 169 n. 1, 180 n. 1, 181 n. 10
laws of criticism in 108, 174
'origin of beauty' 136–72
'science' of 23, 108
theory of 25, 30
see also art
Agasias the Ephesian (fl. 100 bc) 177
Agra and Mastermans Bank 117, 196 n. 3, see also commerce and commercial crises
Alexander of Hales (c.1170–1245) 253 n. 34
Alford, Henry (1810–71)
Chapters on the Poets of Ancient Greece 81
Algebra for the Use of Colleges and Schools (Todhunter) 82
alliteration 153, see also poetry
Allsop, Michael 1
American Civil War (1861–65) 188–9 n. 1
amusement 257, see also Roman Empire
Analogy of Religion (Butler) 84
anatomy (for sculptors) 177–8, see also Michelangelo: sculpture
Anaxagoras (c.500–428 bc) 131, 205, 206, 207 n. 4, 210, 246
Ancient Art and its Remains (Müller) 79
Ancient Law (Maine) 80, 269 n. 2
Anglican Church, see Church of England
Anytus, 'the accuser of Socrates' 232, 233, 270
Aquinas, St Thomas (c.1225–74) 220, 253 n. 34
Archelaus (fl. 5th century bc) 131
architecture 79, 108, 109, 178, 180 n. 3
diapers 107
Greek 108, 109, 180 n. 3
temples 110, 113 n. 12, see also Ipsambul
Arginusae, trial of commanders at 133, 134 n. 5
Aristippus (c.435–366 bc) 260, 261 n. 1 , see also Cyrenaics
Aristophanes (c.445–385 bc)
critic of Sophists 123
Aristotle (384–322 bc)
Being, Not-Being, Becoming 264, 309
on chance 267 n. 2, 280
dialectic 275 n. 1, 291–2
ethics and moral sense 219, 224–5, 264–5, 276–8
on free will 277–8
on goodness 277
pg 338on the Idea 305
on love 130, 277
on Parmenides 315
and political communities 255 n. 43
on physics 132, 264
primum amicitia 259 n. 2
'right reason' 265, 277
'his sciences' 264
on syllogism 97, 98 n. 2, 229, 244
theory of: form 264;
induction 102, 284;
matter 264–5, 269;
motion 264
on virtue 225–6, 233, 265, 276–8
wisdom, 'good sense' 276–7, 290 n. 1
works by: Metaphysics 238, 241, 252 n. 15, 317 n. 21;
Nicomachean Ethics 192 n. 1, 222 n. 12, 130 n. 5, 265 n. 2, 273;
Organon 255 n. 45;
Physics 318;
Poetics 170 n. 17;
Politics 192 n. 1, 265 n. 2
Aristotle: A Chapter from the History of Science (Lewes) 81, 83
arithmetic 217, see also mathematics
Arnold, Matthew (1822–88) 38
'The Function of Criticism at the Present Time' 301 n. 1
Essays in Criticism 38, 42 n. 121
'Marcus Aurelius' 228 n. 1
'Pagan and Medieval Religious Sentiment' 130
Arnold, Thomas (1795–1842) 53 n. 146, 105
History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides 80
History of Rome 85
A Manual of English Literature 32
art
Assyrian 109–10
beauty 106–9, 153
chromatic and diatonic 108–9, 290
colour and coloration 168 n. 8
composition in 145, 168 n. 1, 178
contemplation in 307–8
criticism 108–9, 174, 175
decay of 87 n. 233, 105, 106, 111–12
Egyptian 109–10
forms in 290
Greek 109, 110, 112, 175, 179, 290
history of 109–10
and idealism/realism 87 n. 233, 104–5, 108, 112, 177
of the Middle Ages 109, 110
and nature 103, 106, 109, 142
'origin of beauty' 136–72
orthodoxy in 288
perfection in 87 n. 233, 111–12, 174, 178–9
Plato on 223–4, 243
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood 112, 114 n. 16, 142, 170 n. 12, 211 n. 3
proportion in 108, 153
realism in 110, 111, 112, 177
and religion 175
Renaissance 112
and science 108, 174
truth and beauty in 30, 106–9, 153
and unity 148, 167, 178, 179, 221, 290, 307–8
variety in 139, 141, 221
Arthur, King and Arthurian legend 209, 211 n. 3
assonance 153, see also poetry
Assyrian art 109–10
Ast, Georg Anton
Lexicon Platonicum 81
astronomy 217, 286, 287 n. 2
atheism 238
Athens: Its Rise and Fall (Bulwer-Lytton) 80
Atlas Antiquus (Spruner) 80
atomism 246, 255 n. 47, 280, 288–9, 290
GMH's criticism of 289, 290
for Hobbes 255 n. 47, 263 n. 4
pg 339Augustine of Hippo, St (354–430) 131, 133–4 n. 2
opposition to Manichaeism 251 n. 8
Aurelius, Marcus (121–80) 133, 226, 227, 257
Arnold and Mill on 228 n. 1
asceticism of 226
authenticity, in ancient literature 117–19
Awakening Conscience (Hunt) 114 n. 16
Bacon, Francis (1561–1626) 17, 103 n. 3, 299
and atomism 255 n. 47, see also atomism
compared to Plato 124, 129, 130 n. 4, 275
works by: Bacon's Essays and Locke's Conduct of the Understanding 83 ;
The Letters and Life of Francis Bacon 83;
Novum Organon 26, 102, 103 n. 3;
The Works of Francis Bacon 83, 300 n. 5
Baillie, Alexander William (1843–1921) 2, 31, 34, 42 n. 121
GMH's letters to 2, 31, 52, 76, 87, 122 n. 2, 186 n. 6
Ball, Patricia 18
Balliol College, Oxford 3, 40, 47 n. 131, 66–72
Balliol College Library 4, 40–1 n. 118, 53 n. 147
Balliol College Register 50
curriculum 40–9, 73
'Handshaking' 40
records of 50–1
reputation of 68–9
religious controversies at 69
tutors at 50–65, 73
Bampton Lectures 10
Bank Act, Roger Peel's (1844) 196 n. 3
Bank of England 116–17, 196 n. 3
banks, banking, see commerce: banking
Barnes, William (1801–86)
Tiw 83
beauty
and art 106–9, 153
chromatic and diatonic 113 n. 7, 157
defined 107–8
intervallary and chromatic 108–9, 113 n. 7
law of 107, 140–1
relational 141, 144–6, 219
in relation to truth 106–8
and symmetry/change 139–43, 155
see also art
'Being' 21, 29, 264, 275
and Becoming 29, 238, 264
and 'Not-Being' 21, 264, 274–5
Belvedere Apollo 178
Bender, Todd 3 n. 7
Benson, A. C. (1862–1925) 62
Bentham, Jeremy (1748–1832) 23
Table of the Springs of Action 222 n. 7
Bernard, Montague 72
Bible
Book of Daniel 13
Book of Exodus, 'eye for an eye' 268
Book of Jeremiah, 'fathers have eaten sour grapes' 272, 273 n. 4
Penitential Psalms 226
Vulgate 273
Biographical History of Philosophy (Lewes) 84, 198 n. 1, 199 n. 2, 203 n. 9, 252 n. 12, 282 n. 1
Birch, Dinah 210
Birmingham Oratory 2, 21
Bischoff, S.J., Anthony 4
Bishop of Salisbury 10 n. 26, see also Church of England
pg 340Blackwood's Magazine 122 n. 8
Bodleian Library (Oxford) 9 n. 24, 78
Bonaparte, Napoleon (1769–1821) 183 , 184, 186 n. 5, see also history: 'great men'
Bonaventure, St (1221–74) 244, 253 n. 34
Bonomi, Joseph (1796–1878) 113 n. 12
Book of Common Prayer 228 n. 4, see also Church of England
Bopp, Franz (1791–1867)
A Comparative Grammar of Sanskrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German, and Slavonic Languages 83
Über das Konjugationssystem der Sanskritsprache [The Conjugation System of the Sanskrit Language] 82
Borghese Warrior ('Gladiator') 177, 181 n. 6
botany
Goethe's contributions 285 n. 1
parthenogenesis 286
Botticelli (Sandro) (1437–1515) 85
Bowyer, Revd James 301, 303 n. 4
Brahmanism 240, 295–7
Rig-Veda 295–6, 297
Self 'lord of all things' 295
see also India
Brake, Laurel 62 n. 181
Brasenose College, Oxford 59
Bridges, Robert (1844–1930) 3 n. 9, 9 n. 22, 12, 45 n. 127, 172 n. 35
letters to 24, 28, 88, 254 n. 42
British Institution 87
British Museum 87
Broad Church 54, 67, 71 n. 207
Brooke, Samuel 10 n. 26
Brotherhood of the Holy Trinity (B.H.T) 9, 15, 15 n. 4, 48 see also Oxford: religious practices at
Brown, Thomas (1778–1820) 200, 203 n. 7
Buckle, Henry Thomas (1821–62) 185 n. 2
History of Civilization in England 79, 182, 185 n. 2
Buddha, Buddhism 296–7, 298 n. 6
'four verities' 297
recognition in China 297
Burke, Edmund (1729/30–97) 113 n. 3, 160
Burne-Jones, Edward (1833–98) 170 n. 12
Burrows, Montagu (1819–1905)
Pass and Class 73, 78
Butler, Joseph, Bishop of Durham (1692–1752)
Analogy of Religion 84
Fifteen Sermons 84
Caesar, Gaius Julius (100–44 bc) 184, 194
Campbell, Lewis (1830–1908) 203 n. 8
Sophist and Statesman 81
Capes, William Wolfe (1834–1914) 58
Carlyle, Thomas (1795–1881) 23
Jowett on 185–6 n. 3
On Heroes 185 n. 3, 186 n. 13
Cartesian theory 197, 203 n. 6, 251 n. 4
of causation 199, 200
ontological school of thought 197
Spinoza's critique of 250–1 n. 4
Cast Gallery, see South Kensington Museum
caste 211–12
definition of 213
family principle 212–13
see also India
casuistry 220, 225
Categorical Imperative, see Kant
pg 341Catholicism, Roman 130 n. 2
within Christianity 24, 226
conversions to 15, 24–5, see also under Gerard Manley Hopkins
causation 199–202
Cartesian theory of 199, 200
Empiricist theory of 199, 200
GMH's illustration of 201
Hume on 199–200, 202 n. 3
Jowett on 19, 28
Kantian theory of 28, 200, 202 n. 2, 281
Positivist definition of 19, 200–2
chain evidence, see evidence
Chalmers, Alexander (1759–1834)
The Plays of William Shakespeare 79
chance
defined by Aristotle 267 n. 2, 280
in history 182, 184–5, 267
for Plato 242
in science 280
Chapters on Language (Farrar) 83
Chapters on the Poets of Ancient Greece (Alford) 81
character 37, 131, 301
bearing of art on 223, 224
of nature 301
and virtue 277
Charles I (1600–49), king of England 184
Charles II (1630–85), king of England 184
children
education of 218, 243
and philosophy 205, 265 n. 1
morality of 29, 212, 221, 268, 278
Children's Garland (Patmore) 164
Chips from a German Workshop (Müller) 83, 213 n. 1, 295–7
Choephoroe (Aeschylus) 3
Christ Church, Oxford 15, 85
Christianity, Christian
and casuistry 220, 225
compared to other religions 296
dogmas 225, 228
love 226, 227, 228 n. 3
and Pagan morality 24, 225–7
and Roman Catholicism 24, 226
and Roman Empire 257
'supports to devotion' 227
Christian Morals (Sewell) 85
chromatism, chromatic
in art 108–9, 157, 164, 290
beauty 108–9, 113 n. 7, 157
in music 157
in poetry 162
in philosophy 288
theory of 290
Church of England 302 n. 1
Bishop of Salisbury 10 n. 26
Book of Common Prayer 228 n. 4
Broad Church 54, 67, 71 n. 207
Convocation of Canterbury 71, 294 n. 1
High Church 9, 58, 67
Holy Communion 67
Thirty-Nine Articles 77
see also Christianity
Cicero, Marcus Tullius (106–43 bc) 32, 42, 44, 73, 75, 76
Claude Lorrain (Gellée) (1604/ 5–82) 112
coinage, see money
Coleridge, Ernest Hartley (1846–1920) 2, 3, 211 n. 3, 302 n. 1
Coleridge, S.J., Henry James (1822–93) 302 n. 1
and GMH's 'Wreck' 302 n. 1
Coleridge, Henry Nelson (1798–1843)
Introduction to the Study of the Greek Classic Poets 81
pg 342Coleridge, Samuel Taylor (1772–1834)
on fancy 122 n. 6, 301
GMH's praise for 302–3 n. 4
on imagination 168 n. 2
on Shakespeare 302 n. 1
theological commentaries of 302 n. 1
Biographia Literaria 301–2
Table Talk 122 n. 3
Coles, Vincent (1845–1929) 14 n. 42, 51
colour and coloration 139, 155, 168 n. 1, 169 n. 8, see also art
commerce and commercial crises 115–17, 195, 196 n. 3
and banking 116–17, 195–6 n. 3
credit 115–16, 195
during war 116, 187–8
trade 115
see also money; economics
commodity exchange, see money
communism
and GMH 254 n. 42
in Plato's writings 248–9, 254 n. 42
Comparative Grammar (Bopp) 83
Comte ('Compte'), Auguste (1798–1857) 185 n. 2, 206 n. 2, 290 n.1
hierarchy of sciences 286 n. 1
Jowett on 203–4 n. 11
see also Positivism
Comte, his Positive Philosophy (Martineau) 84
Comte's Philosophy of the Sciences (Lewes) 83
concepts, clearness and distinctness of 99–100
Confederacy, see United States of America
confession, practices of 10, 11–13, 14, 35
'confession of the flesh', see Foucault, Michel
Confucius (c.551–479 bc) 298 n. 5
Conington, John (1825–69) 3 n. 9, 51
conscience 259
concept of 24
for Kant 29, 269, 281
'last test of morality' 29, 269
and morality 24, 29, 207, 259, 262, 269, 281
of the state 207, 256–7
consciousness 231, 300
Considerations on Representative Government (Mill, J. S.) 84
Cooper's Hill (Denham) 158
copula, see propositions
Cornhill Magazine 34, 35 n. 102
Corpus Christi College, Oxford 85
Correggio, Antonio da (1494–1534) 85, 86
cosmology 204, 209, 210 n. 1, 315
Cotton, Richard Lynch (1794–1880) 71–2
Cousin, Victor (1792–1867)
Histoire générale de la philosophie 84
Philosophy of Kant 83
Cox, Emily M. 285 n. 2
Cratylus the Heraclitean (fl. late 5th century bc) 236
creative genius 108, 111, 183
Crimean War (1853–56) 188 n. 1
Critical History of the Language and Literature of Ancient Greece (Mure) 81
criticism
art 86, 108, 173 n. 36, 168–9n. 1, 174
common-sense 137
scientific basis of 108
and taste 137
Critique of Pure Reason (Kant) 84, 199 n. 1
pg 343Cromwell, Oliver (1599–1658) 184, 186 n. 12, see also history: 'great men'
cumulative evidence, see evidence
currency, see money
Curtius, Georg
The Results of Comparative Philology 83
Cynics, Cynicism 257, 261
asceticism and 226
Cyrenaic
morals 260
philosophy 259–60
da Vinci, Leonardo (1452–1519) 85
Daniel, Book of 13
Daniel the Prophet (Pusey) 13
Dante Alighieri (1265–1321)
Vita Nuova 131, 133–4 n. 2
Darwin, Charles (1809–82) 23
On the Origin of Species 23, 26, 83, 252 n. 16
see also evolution
Darwinian theory 22–3, 26
and morality 218, 222 n. 1
used by GMH in philosophy 238–9, 252 n. 16
Darwinism, Age of 23, see also Victorian era: 'zeitigeist'
Davis, Jefferson (1808–89) 189 n. 1
decay, see art
deduction, see logic
Dekker, Thomas (1572–1632) 19, 186 n. 6
Denham, Sir John (1614/15–69)
Cooper's Hill 158
De Quincey, Thomas (1785–1859)
translator of Lessing's Laocoön 122 n. 8
Descartes, René (1596–1650)
and ontology 197
on the soul 203 n. 6
Cartesian philosophy, see Cartesian theory
Devlin, S.J., Christopher 32
dialectic
Aristotle and 275 n. 1, 291–2
GMH's diagram explaining 240
as logic 151, 229, 274, 291
Plato and 228–30, 239–40, 243–4, 252–3 n. 20, 274, 291
Socrates and 129, 132, 137
Zeno invents 318
Dickens, Charles (1812–70) 71 n. 207
diction 109
Plato on 223, 230, 243
poetic 120–2, 223
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (Smith) 20, 79
Dictionary of Terms in Art (Fairholt) 78
Dido, Queen of Carthage 34, 148
Diels, Hermann
Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker 88
Discourses on Art (Reynolds) 172 n. 31, 181
Dissertations and Discussions (Mill, J. S.) 84
division, principle of 100
Dixon, Revd Richard Watson (1833–1900) 24, 32, 170 n. 12, 172 n. 35
Dolben, Digby Mackworth (1848–67) 9 n. 22, 45 n. 127
death of 45 n. 127
GMH meets 12, 35, 45
Donaldson, John William (1811–61)
History of the Literature of Ancient Greece (with K. O. Müller) 81
drama
Elizabethan 18, 133 n. 1, 183–4, 186 n. 6, see also Shakespeare, William
Greek 6, 147, 180
Jowett's ideas on 6–7, 57
pg 344and pathos 133 n. 1, 147
for Plato 223
and tragic irony 147
unity in 127, 148, 223, see also unity, concept of
Dryden, John (1631–1700) 165, 172 n. 35
the 'most masculine' poet 172 n. 35
The Hind and the Panther 172 n. 35
Duns Scotus, John (c.1265–1308)
haecceitas 169 n. 9
Dupuis, Charles 26 n. 74
duty
of children 213, 257
not known to ancient Greeks 257–8
the 'whole d. of man' 257–8
economics
and money, see money
and politics 23, 26, 189 n. 1, 193, 195
science of 23, 26, 193, 195
education
ancient Greek 123, 126 n. 1, 223
and art appreciation 103, 109, 218,223
in England 192
'literary and moral' 192
at Oxford 3, 22–3, 25–8, 40–9, see also Oxford
Plato's theory of 128, 216–17, 223–4, 242–3, 244, 249
role of music in Platonic e. 217, 223 –4, 224 n. 7
and voting rights 191
Early Italian Poets (Rossetti) 82
Egyptian art 109–10, see also art
Eleatics 205–6, 235–6, see also Xenophanes
Elementary Exercises in Greek Prose Composition (Wilkins) 81
Elementary Manual of Roman Antiquities (Ramsay) 85
Elements of Algebra (Wood) 82
Elements of Drawing (Ruskin) 79, 87
Elements of Political Economy (Mill, J. S.) 79
Elgin Marbles 87
Eliot, George (Mary Ann or Marian Evans) (1819–80)
Middlemarch 39 n. 112, 254 n. 40
Romola 134 n. 3
Elizabeth I, queen of England (1533–1603) 34, 193 n. 8
Ellis, Robinson (1834–1913) 8, 51
Ellmann, Richard 61
Empedocles (c.495–c.435 bc) 205, 245, 315
Zeno on 318, see also Zeno of Elea
Empiricism 197–8, 199, 200, 217, 256
theory of cause and effect 199–200
Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (Hume) 202 n. 3
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 8th edn. 79, 254 n. 42
English Language, The (Latham) 83
epic 6, 106 n. 3, 171 n. 24, 223, see also poetry
Epicureans 280
ethics of pleasure 224
theory of goodness 225
Epicurus (341–271 bc) 255
Epistles of St. Paul (Jowett) 84
Essay on the Origin of Language (Farrar) 83
Essays and Reviews 52, 71, 85, 294 n. 1
controversy over 71 n. 207
Essays in Criticism (Arnold, M.) 38, 42 n. 121
ethics 24
for Aristotle 219, 224–5, 264–5, 276–8, see also Aristotle
pg 345and Empiricism 256
history of 256, 257
in Plato 192 n. 1, 224–5, 234, 273, see also Plato
and political science 192, 192 n. 1, 256–8, 262, 265 n. 2
'science' of 133, 291–2
in Socrates 132–3, 234
in Utilitarianism 218, 220–1, 256, 260
'Ethics' of Aristotle (Grant) 81, 222 n. 12
Euclid (c.325–265 bc) 286
Euclidian geometry, see geometry
Euripedes (c.480–406 bc) 4 n. 9, 118, 125
evidence, cumulative and chain, 100–1, see also logic
evolution 26
in GMH's writing on morals 238–9
Huxley-Wilberforce debate on 26, 52
theory of 22–3, 26
Examination of Sir Wm. Hamilton 's Philosophy, An (Mill, J. S.) 84
Excalibur, see myth
exhibitions, see Oxford: scholarships
Exploratio Philosophica (Grote, J.) 84, 293, 299–300
Fairholt, Frederick (c.1813–66) 78
A Dictionary of Terms in Art 78
fancy 121, 263 n. 2
defined by Coleridge 122 n. 6, 301
see also imagination
Farrar, Adam Storey (1826–1905)
Hints to Students 78
Farrar, Frederic W. (1831–1903)
Chapters on Language 83
An Essay on the Origin of Language 83
Fathers of Greek Philosophy (Hadden) 81
Faust (Goethe) 59
Fawcett, Henry (1833–84)
Manual of Political Economy 84
Ferrier, James (1808–64)
Institutes of Metaphysics 84
Fifteen Sermons (Butler) 84
Ford, John (c.1586–c.1639) 19
form 205–6, 209, 231
Aristotle's theory of 264
Plato's theory of 237
Foucault, Michel 22 n. 63
History of Sexuality 34 n. 101, 36–37 n. 106
'confession of the flesh' 35
on masturbation 36 n. 106
Fox-Strangways, W. J. 85, 86
Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, Die (Diels-Krans) 88, 310 n. 1
France, history of 184, 189 n. 2
franchise, the, see votes and voting rights
Francis of Assisi, St (1181/2–1226) 17, 132, 253 n. 34
Fraser's Magazine 113 n. 11, 185 n. 2, 189 n. 1, 222 n. 2, 254 n. 39, 287 n. 2
free will, see will
friendship 34–5, 259 n. 2
Friends in Council (F.I.C.) 10 n. 26
flux 289
Hegel on philosophy of 26, 28
and Heraclitus 206, 235
Gardner, W. H. 24
Garnett, Richard (1835–1906)
The Nix 164–5, 172 n. 33
Garrett, Alfred 74
Geldart, Edmund Martin ('Nitram Tradleg') (1844–85) 9 n. 24, 31, 54
pg 346Geological Evidences of the Antiquity of Man (Lyell) 83
geometry 233, 284
Euclidian 286
non-Euclidian 286–7 n. 1
plane and solid 216–17
geometrical shapes 154–5
German Classics (Müller) 80
German philosophy 27–8, 53, 59, 251 n. 5, 291 n. 4
'Germanism' at Oxford 27–8, 291 n. 4
Idealist 27–8, 53
Giambologna (Giovanni Bologna) (1524–1608)
Samson 86
Gladstone, William Ewart (1809–98) 54, 70
Studies on Homer and the Homeric Age 81
Glanvill, Joseph (1636–80) 199, 203 n. 4
Vanity of Dogmatizing 203 n. 4
Lux Orientalis 203 n. 4
Saducismus Triumphatus 203 n. 4
Glaucus 243, 253 n. 30
Glossary of Terms Used in Grecian, Roman, Italian, and Gothic Architecture (Parker) 79
Goblin Market (Rossetti, C.) 155
illustration for 156
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von (1749–1832) 132, 234, 272
Faust 59
'On the Metamorphosis of Plants' 285 n. 2
golden mean, see art: proportion in
gold standard, see money
'Good', the
and character 277
and conscience 256
Cyrenaics on 260
and form 237
idea of 238, 239
Ideal 128
Manicheans on 251 n. 8
of the many 192 n. 1
and morality 221
motiveless 133
Platonic theory of 239–40, 241, 247, 252 n. 13
Socrates on 259 n. 2
Utilitarians on 220
and virtue 233, 271
goodness 224, 225, 226, 227, 234, 257, 268, 276
for Aristotle 277
Goodwin, William Watson
Syntax of the Moods and Tenses of the Greek Verbs 81
Gorgias (483–385 bc) 124, 125
Gosse, Edmund (1849–1928) 58
Grammar of the Greek Language, A (Jelf) 81
Grant, Sir Alexander (1826–84)
'Ethics' of Aristotle 81, 222 n. 12
Gray, Thomas (1716–71)
'Elegy Written in a Country Church-Yard' 186 n. 11
Greece, ancient,
architecture 108, 109, 180 n. 3
art 109, 110, 112, 175, 179, 180–1 n. 3, 290
civilisation and culture 30, 104, 118, 123, 128, 208, 225, 232, 270
drama 6, 147, 180
education 123, 126 n. 1, 223
ethics and morality 124–5, 133, 208, 224–7, 232, 270, 276
history 103–4, 118–19
language 63, 79, 80, 81
literature 104, 112, 118
pg 347music 223, 274–5
myth 105 n. 1, 118, 209–10, 211 n. 1
philosophy 21, 29, 81, 204–6, 209–10, 235, 246, 270, 304
poetry 6, 81, 112, 179, see also poetry: epic
prose 103–05
rhetoric 118, 123, 130
sculpture 175, 179, 181;
Jowett on 180 n. 1
Greek Antiquities, etc (Mahaffy) 80
Greek-English Lexicon (Liddell & Scott) 63, 79
Greek Verbs Irregular and Defective (Veitch) 81
Green, John Richard (1837–83)
Short History of the English People 80
Green, Thomas Hill (1836–82) 8, 16, 19, 20, 27, 28, 51–3, 59, 270
on desire and will 280 n. 3
Prolegomena to Ethics 53
Grimm, Hermann 181 n. 10
Grote, George (1794–1871)
on Greek art 180–1 n. 3
on myth 105 n. 1, 119 n. 1, 208–9, 210 n. 1, 211 n. 3
on primum amabile (Plato) 259 n. 2
on sensation and memory 231, 280 n. 2
on Sophists 123–4, 126 n. 2, 249
History of Greece 3, 80, 105 n. 1, 210 n. 1
Plato, and the Other Companions of Sokrates 17, 81, 192 n. 1
Grote, John (1813–66) 300 n. 1
on sensation 299–300, 300 n. 1
Exploratio Philosophica 84, 293, 299–300
Guise, John (1682/3–1765) 85
Gurney, Frederick (1841–98) 11–12
haecceitas (Duns Scotus) 169 n. 9
Hallam, Henry (1777–1859)
View of the State of Europe during the Middle Ages 80
Hamilton, Sir William (1788–1856)
criticised by Mill 98 n. 1
critic of Brown 203 n. 7
on logic 97–8, 103 n. 5
Lectures on Metaphysics and Logic 84, 98 n. 1
Hampden, John (c. 1595–1643) 184, 186 n. 12, see also history: 'great men'
Hampden, R. D. (1793–1868)
The Fathers of Greek Philosophy 81
Handbook of Sculpture (Westmacott) 79
Hannibal (247–183/82 bc) 184–5, see also history: 'great men'
happiness (eudaimonia) 220–1
as end of morality 224, 257
Hardinge, William Money (1854–1916) 61
Hebrew poetry 120, 158, 162
Hecataeus (c.550–476 bc) 104, 105, 106 n. 4
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm (1770–1831) 23, 27–8, 59, 80, 244, 246, 273 n. 2
evolution, theory of 26, see also evolution
and 'Germanism' at Oxford 27–8
historical development, theory of 28
Jowett on 27, 28, 28–9 n. 87 59, 199 n. 2
philosophy of flux 26, 28
Philosophical Propaedeutic 28
Helbeck of Bannisdale (Ward, Mrs H.) 53
Hellanicus (fl. late 5th century) 104, 106 n. 3, see also Logographoi
Henry, John & James Parker (printers) 75
pg 348Heraclitus ('Heracleitus') of Ephesus (c.540–c.480 bc) 205, 210, 236, 304
in relation to the One and the Many 235
theory of motion (flux) 206, 235
and Xenophanes 308
Herodotus (484–c.425 bc) 104, 105, 119, 126 n. 2
on 'custom' 212
Heurtley, C. A. (1806–95) 72
Hexameron Society 7 n. 18, 9, 10 n. 26, 12, 47 n. 131, 171 n. 30, 303 n. 4
Higgins, Lesley 10 n. 26, 16 n. 54, 19 n. 58, 20 n. 59, 171 n. 30, 204 n. 14
High Church 9, 58, 67 see also Broad Church; Church of England; Pusey
Highgate School 2–4, 57–8
Hinchcliff, Peter 55
Hind and the Panther, The (Dryden) 172 n. 35
Hints to Freshmen in the University of Oxford 78
Hints to Students (Farrar) 78
Histoire générale de la philosophie (Cousin) 84
Historia Philosophiae Graeco-Romanae (Ritter and Preller) 81, 314
Historical Evidences of the Truth of the Scripture Records (Rawlinson) 84
Historico-Geographical Hand Atlas (Spruner) 80
history
ancient Greek 103–4, 118–19
ancient Roman 118–19
of art and literature 103–4, 109–10, 118
authenticity of 117–19
French 184, 189 n. 2
'great men' and their influence 183–5, 185 n. 3
Ionic 104, 209
logic of 266
and myth 118, 210 n. 1, 211 n. 1
philosophy of 24, 118–19, 266–7, 289
and politics 189–90, 211–12
'science' of 23, 26, 181–3, 184, 266–7
unity of 119, 209–10
History of British India (Mill, J.) 82
History of Civilization in England (Buckle) 79, 182, 185 n. 2
History of England in the Eighteenth Century (Lecky) 80
History of Greece, A (Grote, G.) 3, 80
History of Greece, The (Mitford) 80
History of Greece, A (Thirwall) 80
History of Greece from the Earliest Times to the Roman Conquest (Smith) 80
History of Rome (Arnold, T.) 85
History of Rome (Liddell) 85
History of Rome (Mommsen) 85
History of Rome (Niebuhr) 85
History of Sanskrit Literature (Müller) 82
History of the Inductive Sciences (Whewell) 83
History of the Literature of Ancient Greece (Müller and Donaldson) 81
History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides (Arnold, T.) 80
History of the Romans under the Empire (Merivale) 85
History of the Sepoy War in India 185758 (Kaye) 82
Hobbes, Thomas (1588–1679) 199, 255 n. 47
on commonwealth 262
on moral relativism 263 n. 4
moral system of 24, 29, 261–2
pg 349theory of: imagination 263 n. 2;
motion 261
Leviathan 263 n. 1
Holland, Henry Scott (1847–1918) 52
Homer 32, 210 n. 1, 302 n. 4
attacked by Xenophanes 308
Odyssey 269 n. 3
Hooker, Richard (1554–1600)
Selections from the Fifth Book of Hooker's Ecclesiastical Polity 84
Hopkins, Charles (GMH's uncle) (1822–86) 20 n. 61
Hopkins, Gerard Manley (1844–89)
academic life: academic influences 22–23;
at Birmingham Oratory 2, 21;
chronology 40–50;
coached by Pater 16, 18, 19, 21, 29, 59, 73–4;
exhibitions 73, see also Oxford University: scholarships;
Greats examinations 20, 21, 54, 59, 77;
Highgate School 2–4, 57–8;
and Jowett 7, 8, 13, 15–16, 18–19, 54–5;
Liddon, relationship with 11–14, 35, 43 n. 122;
Oxford tutors 50–65;
Oxford years 4–9, 11–16, 17 –21, 39, 40–50, 72
art and aesthetics 25, 86–7, 168 n. 1, 180 n. 1, 181 n. 10
personal life: at Birmingham Oratory 2;
Dublin years 31–2;
and homoerotic desire 12, 33–5, 36, 45 see also Dolben, Digby Mackworth;
personal and theological crises 8, 12 –14, 31–2, 74;
place of writing in 37;
as 'shuttlecock' 35–6
religion 36: confessional practices 8 n. 21, 12–14, 35;
conversion to Roman Catholicism 14–15, 24–5, 35, 68, 228 n. 1;
entry into Jesuit novitiate 50 n. 137
works: 'voice' and audience in 2 n. 4;
written at Oxford 41, 43, 45, 47, 49, 50;
'Alchemist' 12;
'Caradoc's Soliloquy' 32;
'Easter Communion' 12;
'Heraclitean Fire' 1;
'Let me be' 12;
'My prayers' 12;
'Nondum' 12;
'Pied Beauty' 299 n. 13;
'Spelt from Sibyl's Leaves' 32;
'A Vision of Mermaids' 4;
'Where are thou' 12;
'Wreck' 302 n. 1
Hopkins, Kate Smith (GMH's mother) (1821–1920)
letters to 2 n. 4, 8, 55, 62, 64, 68, 78, 168 n. 1
Hopkins, Manley (GMH's father) (1818–97) 14, 35 n. 102
homoerotic desire 33–35, 36, 61 see also Victorian era: sexuality
homosociality (at Oxford) 33–5
Horace (Quintus Horatius Flaccus) (65–8 bc)
De Arte Poetica 170 n. 20
House, Humphry (1908–1955) 16, 17
House, Madeline 20
Howard, Thomas, Earl of Arundel (1585–1646) 86
humanism
'Augustan' 179 n. 1
pagan 179 n. 1
Hume, David (1711–76) 19, 197, 199, 250, 288
on causation 199–200, 202 n. 3
on supreme intelligence 202 n. 3
Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding 202 n. 3
Treatise of Human Nature 202 n. 3
humour 109
Hunt, William Holman (1827–1910)
The Awakening Conscience 114 n. 16
The Light of the World 114 n. 16
Huxley, T. H. (1825–95) 26, 52
pg 350Huxley-Wilberforce debate 26, 52, see also evolution
Idea, the 21, 29, 305
Aristotle on 306
for Plato 21, 230, 236, 237, 243
see also philosophy; Plato
idealism 104, 132
in art 87 n. 233, 104–5, 108
and materialism 288
moral 258–9
in philosophy 27–8, 53
and realism 29–30, 104, 105, 177
and unity 222
Ideal of a Christian Church (Ward) 14 n. 45
Ignatius of Loyola, St (1491–1556) 17, 132
ignorance 132, 225, 272–3, 277, see also vice
imagination
art value of 209
defined by Hobbes 263 n. 2
defined by Ruskin 168–9 n. 1
explained 231
and fancy 121, 263 n. 2
'Kantian' sense 25, 232 n. 1
and mythology 209
three meanings of 25, 232 n. 1
Imperial Dictionary (Ogilvie) 79
imperialism, intellectual 22, see also Victorian era: 'zeitgeist'
India
Brahmanism 240, 295–7
caste system 211–12, 213 n. 1
gods 206 n. 2, 211 n. 1
history 82
'Indian Mutiny' or Sepoy Uprising (1857) 188 n. 1, 213 n. 1
philosophy 206 n. 2, 213 n. 1, 295, 296–7
and religion 213, 296
induction 102–3, 231–2
Aristotle's theory of 102, 284
Mill on 103 n. 6
see also logic
Inquiry into the Credibility of the Early Roman History (Lewis) 85
Inman, Billie 62 n. 181
'inscape,' 'inscaped' 21, 169 n. 9
and Parmenides 310, 311, 312, 314
similar ideas in: Duns Scotus 169 n. 9;
John Grote 300 n. 1;
John Ruskin 169 n. 9;
John Shairp 301 n. 1
Institutes of Metaphysics (Ferrier) 84
'instress' 170 n. 9, 300 n. 1, 301 n. 1
and Parmenides 310–12, 311
interest and security 115–16, see also commerce; money
Introduction to Gothic Architecture (Parker) 79
Introduction to the Study of the Greek Classic Poets (Coleridge, H.) 81
Ionic
history 104, 209
literature 104–5, 106 n. 3
philosophy 205, 209, 235
Ipsambul (Abu Simbel) 110, 113 n. 12
irony 227, 228 n. 7
Plato's i. 228 n. 1, 234, 272–3
Socrates's i. 228 n. 1, 245
tragic 147
Italy
painting (Renaissance) 86
sculpture 175
verse 82, 161
Jameson, Anna (1794–1860)
Sacred and Legendary Art 86
Jelf, William (1811–75)
A Grammar of the Greek Language 81
Notes to Aristotle's 'Ethics' 81
Jena, Battle of 270, 273 n. 2
pg 351Jenkyns, Richard (1782–1854) 68, 69
Jesuits, see Society of Jesus
Johnson's English Dictionary (Todd) 79
Johnston, Alexander Keith (1804–71)
The Royal Atlas of Modern Geography 80
Jonson, Ben (1572/3–1637) 186 n. 6
Journals and Papers of Gerard Manley Hopkins (House & Storey) 16
Jowett, Revd Benjamin (1817–93) 4, 5, 6–7, 13, 53–7, 69–70
on ancient drama 6–7, 57
on art 61 n. 179
on Carlyle 185–6 n. 3
on causation 19, 28
on Comte and Positivism 203–4 n. 11
disputes with Oxford authorities 46 n. 129, 69–72, 294 n. 1
on drama 6–7, 57
GMH's essays for 31, 203 n. 8
as GMH's tutor 6–7, 8, 13, 15–16, 18–19, 54–5
on Greek sculpture 180 n. 1
on Hegel 27, 28, 28–9 n. 87, 59, 199 n. 2
on Hobbes 263 n. 1
on India and caste 213–14 n. 1
'Jowetry' 19, 54
lecture notes 40–1 n. 118, 56–7, 105 n. 1
Liddon, conflict with 10–11, 12–13, 15
and Nightingale, Florence 15, 34, 53 n. 147, 193 n. 8;
Jowett's letters to 11, 12 n. 34, 15, 33, 34, 53 n. 146–7, 61 n. 179, 70 n. 203, 193 n. 8, 203 n. 11
Master of Balliol 15, 27, 54, 69–70
on Napoleon I and III 186 n. 5
and Pater controversy 60–1
on Plato 6, 13, 17, 28, 106 n. 10, 126 n. 1, 130 nn. 3–4, 228 n. 7, 251 n. 6, 252 n. 14
Pusey, conflict with 11, 12, 70–1
reputation at Oxford 53 n. 147, 54, 55–6, 69
and Scott, Robert 69–70, 73
on Socrates 228 n. 7
as translator 53
on universal suffrage 192 n. 1
The Epistles of St. Paul 84
in Essays and Reviews 52, 71, 294 n. 1
Julius Caesar, see Caesar, Julius
justice, defined by Socrates 207
Kant, Immanuel (1724–1804) 19, 28, 83, 197, 198, 199 n. 2
autonomy of will 281–2
Categorical Imperative 199 n. 3, 281–2, 282–3 n. 1
imagination 232 n. 1
theories of: causation 28, 200, 202 n. 2, 281;
conscience 29, 269, 281;
imagination 25, 232 n. 1
reason 29, 282
Critique of Pure Reason 84, 199 n. 1
Kaye, John William (1814–76)
A History of the Sepoy War in India 82
Keates, Jonathan 293
Keble College, Oxford 10 n. 27, 13
Khan, Genghis (c.1162–1227) 185, see also history: 'great men'
Kingsley, Charles (1819–75) 252 n. 16
Knight, Charles (1791–1873)
Pictorial Edition of the Works of Shakespere 79
Knight, Richard Payne (1751–1824) 26 n. 26
knowledge
character of 205
innate or taught 233–4, 271
Platonic theory of 210, 233–4, 236, 237, 271, 274
and sensation 198, 261, 271
and teaching 233–4, 271
pg 352and vice 132, 272
and virtue 132, 233–4, 271
and will 279
Laocoön (Lessing) 79, 174
Lahey, S.J., Gerald 1, 54
Lake, W. C. (1817–97) 74
language, see poetry, words
Latham, R. G. (1812–88)
The English Language 83
Latin Grammar for the Use of Schools (Madvig) 82
Latin Prose through English Idiom (Abbott) 82
law, laws
aesthetic 137, 140, 141, 174, 177, 221, 224
ancient 80
Aristotle on 267 n. 2
in art 106, 107
astronomy 217
of beauty 107, 140–1
of being 111
of causation 203 n. 9
code of 266, 268
commercial 117
crime and 182
divine 268
evidence in 101
and government 262
of history 181, 182–3, 266
Hobbes on 262
Hume on 202 n. 3
international 187, 188
lex talionis 268
Lucretius on 255 n. 47
and metaphysics 289
of mind 183
monetary 193, 194
and morality 227, 258, 260
municipal 187
of nature 202 n. 3
obedience of 282
Plato on 238
for Ruskin 168 n. 1, 169 n. 7
of science 286, 288
social 182
of state 263 n. 4
supply and demand 115, 194, 195
of trees 142–3, 169 n. 4
universal 204 n. 4
visible l. of things 23
law of averages 182–3
Lecky, William Edward (1838–1903)
A History of England in the Eighteenth Century 80
Lectures on Metaphysics and Logic (Hamilton) 84
Lectures on the Science of Language (Müller) 83, 213 n. 1
legend, see mythology
Leisure Hour, The 68
Leonardo, see da Vinci, Leonardo
Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim (1729–81) 121, 178
Laocoön 79, 122 n. 8, 174
Letters and Life of Francis Bacon 83
Lewes, George Henry (1817–78) 19, 200, 202, 206 n. 2
on causation 202, 203 n. 9
on freedom of will (Kant) 282 n. 1
on phrenology 291 n. 1
works by: Aristotle: A Chapter from the History of Science 81, 83;
A Biographical History of Philosophy 84, 198 n. 1, 199 n. 2, 203 n. 9, 252 n. 12, 282 n. 1;
Comte 's Philosophy of the Sciences 83;
Life and Works of Goethe 285 n. 2
Lewis, G. C. (1806–63)
An Inquiry into the Credibility of the Early Roman History 85
Remarks on the Use and Abuse of Political Terms 84
Lexicon Platonicum (Ast) 81
pg 353Liddell, A. G. C. (1846–1920) 7
Liddell, Very Revd Henry George (1811–98) 63
Greek-English Lexicon 63, 79
History of Rome 85
Liddon, Revd Dr Henry Parry (1829–90) 9–14
Bampton Lectures of 10
campaign against Jowett 10–11, 13–14, 15
Oxford reputation 9–12
and Pater 59
relationship with GMH 11–14, 35, 43 n. 122
students' confessor 10–13, 33
Lightfoot, J. P. 72
Light of the World (Hunt) 114 n. 16
Literae Humaniores (at Oxford) 23, 25, 55
requirements for 75–6
literature, see drama; poetry; prose
Livy (Titus Livius) (59–17 bc) 118, 119
Locke, John (1632–1704) 231, 294
Of the Conduct of the Understanding 295 n. 4
logic 82
analogy 284
compared to love 274
compared to philosophy 205, 291, 299
deduction 284–5
defined 291
and dialectic 151, 229, 274, 291
evidence, see evidence
example 284
function of comparison (differentia) 99, 157
Hamilton on 97–8, 103 n. 5
of history and Positivism 266
induction 102–3, 231–2
Mill on 82, 98 n. 1;
System of Logic 103 n. 6
and morals 219–20
and propositions 97–8, 284–5
syllogism 97, 98 n. 2, 102, 103 n. 5, 229, 231–2, 274, 284
Logographoi 106 n. 3
longing (Aristotle) 278–9
and pain 278–9
and wishing, see will: and wishing
love
Aristotle on 130, 277
and beauty 113 n. 2, 229–30
of the beautiful 224 n. 7
as benevolence 221
Christian 226, 227, 228 n. 3
compared to logic 274
of God 227
of life 183
memory in 163
Parmenides on 315
Plato on 224 n. 7, 229, 230, 237, 248, 259 n. 2, 274
self-l. 258
Stoics' brotherly l. 257
Wordsworth on 280 n. 5
universal 257
Lowth, Robert (1710–1787) 120, 123 n. 4, 158, 171 n. 28
Lucretius (Titus Lucretius Carus) (98–c.55 bc) 255 n. 47
Luxmoore, Charles N. (1844–?1936) 2, 3 n. 6
Lyell, Sir Charles (1797–1875)
The Geological Evidences of the Antiquity of Man 83
lyric, see poetic genres
Lytton, Edward George Bulwer (1803–73)
Athens: Its Rise and Fall 80
Talleyrand, the Political Man 293 n. 1
Macaulay, Lord Thomas Babington (1800–59) 299, 300 n. 5
pg 354Macfarlane, William Alexander (1844–1917) 51, 74
MacKenzie, Norman H. (1917–2004) 3, 8 n. 21, 18, 30 n. 88, 32, 43 n. 123, 86 n. 231
Macmillan's Magazine 27
M'Culloch, John Ramsay (1789–1864) 189, 196 n. 1
McQueen, John 58, 59
Maderna, Carlo (1556–1629)
St Cecilia 180 n. 1
Madvig, Johan
A Latin Grammar for the Use of Schools 82
Magdalen College, Oxford 204 n. 14
Mahaffy, Sir John (1839–1919)
Greek Antiquities, etc 80
Mahoney, S.J., John 251 n. 8
Maine, Sir Henry (1822–88) 268
Ancient Law 80, 269 n. 2
Malebranche, Nicolas (1638–1715) 199, 203 n. 6
De la recherché de la vérité 203 n. 6
Mallock, W. H. (1849–1923) 54, 62
Mandeville, Bernard de (1670–1733) 24, 263 n. 1
Mani, Manichaeism 242, 251–2 n. 8
Manning, Most Revd Henry Edward, Cardinal Archbishop of Westminster (1808–92) 47 n. 132
Mansel, Henry L. (1820–71) 27–8, 74
Prolegomena Logica 82
Manual of Political Economy (Fawcett) 84
Marlowe, Christopher (1564–93) 18, 186 n. 6
Martin, Robert 14
Martineau, Harriet (1802–76)
Comte, his Positive Philosophy 84, 286 n. 1
masturbation 36, 36 n. 106, see also Foucault, Michel; Victorian era: sexuality
materialism 281, 287–8
and idealism 30, 87 n. 233, 105, 288
mathematics 284, 286
Plato on 241
see also geometry; science
matter
of conscience 29
Aristotle s theory of 237, 242, 264–5, 265 n. 1, 269
form and 197, 198, 289
Hobbes on 261
Ionian theory of 205, 235
Lucretius on 255 n. 47
Manichaean theory of 252 n. 8
Parmenides s theory of 315
Plato s theory of 237, 242, 247, 274
Spinoza on 238, 251 n. 4
world of 204
Maurice, F. D. (1805–72)
The Religions of the World and their Relations to Christianity 84
Megarians 304
Melissus of Samos (fl. 400–500 bc) 31, 316, 320 n. 34, 322
relation to atomism 322 n. 1
memory
and desire 280 n. 2–3
and imagination 231, 263 n. 2
and sensation 231, 242, 280 n. 2
Merivale, Charles (1808–93)
A History of the Romans under the Empire 85
Merton College, Oxford 85
metaphor, see poetry: metaphor
metaphysics 229–30, 130 n. 1, 287–90, 291 n. 4
Buddhist 297
Positivism and 202, 203–4 n. 11, 287–9
psychology and 287–9
metre, see poetry: metre
Michelangelo (Michelangelo Buonarroti) (1474–1564) 85, 86
pg 355sculpture 178, 179
Ruskin-Pater controversy regarding 181 n. 10
Middle Ages, art of 110
Mill, James (1773–1836) 222 n. 7
History of British India 82, 213 n. 1
Elements of Political Economy 79
Mill, John Stuart (1806–73) 19, 23, 190, 244, 300 n. 1
on the American Civil War 189 n. 1
on 'Being' 316 n. 2
on induction 103 n. 6
on Marcus Aurelius 228 n. 1
on Parmenides and 'Being' 316 n. 2
on Utilitarianism 222 n. 2, 247
works by: Auguste Comte and Positivism 290 n. 1;
Considerations on Representative Government 84, 192 n. 1, 193 n. 5;
Dissertations and Discussions 84;
Examination of Sir Wm. Hamilton's Philosophy 84;
On Liberty 228 n. 1;
Principles of Political Economy 79;
A System of Logic 82, 98 nn. 1–2, 103 n. 6, 316 n. 2;
Utilitarianism 222 n. 1, 300 n. 1
Milman, Dean Henry Hart (1791–1868) 165, 173 n. 37
Milton, John (1608–74) 6
Mirabeau, Honoré, Comte de (1749–91) 184, see also history: 'great men'
missal painting, see painting: missal
Mitford, William (1744–1827)
The History of Greece 80
Modern Painters (Ruskin) 61 n. 179, 79, 87
Mohammed ('Mahommed') 185, 267
flight from Mecca 186 n. 12
Hegira 267
Mommsen, Theodor (1817–1903)
History of Rome 85
money 115–16, 193–6
coins and coinage 116–17, 194
commodity exchange 193
gold and metallic currency 116–17, 194, 195, 196 n. 1
paper money 116–17, 194–5, 196 n. 3
rates of interest 115
reckoning for murder (wehrgelt) 268
smuggling of 194
supply and demand 115, 194, 195
Month, The 302 n. 1
Montagu, Basil 300 n. 5
Monti, Raffaelle (Raffaello) (1818–1881) 181 n. 4
The Sleep of Sorrow and the Dream of Joy 175, 176, 181 n. 4
morality, morals 25, 29, 212
ancient Greek 123, 124–7, 133, 208, 224 –7, 232, 270, 276
for Aristotle 219, 224–5, 264–5, 276–8
and conscience 24, 29, 207, 259, 262, 269, 281
'desire of unity' 221–2
historical theory of 218, 222 n. 1, 256, 268
for Hobbes 261–2, 269
innate 222 n. 1, 277
and logic 219–20
m. action 220, 227, 258–9, 277, 281: unworthy action 258–9
m. 'feeling' 29, 212
m. 'sense' 268, 281
natural 'customary' m. 212
objective and subjective 29, 219, 227, 276
origin of 218–22
political 192 n. 1, 256–8, 262, 265 n. 2
progressive 267–9
pg 356science of 265
Utilitarian theory of 218, 220–1, 222 n. 1, 256, 258
see also ethics; virtue
Morris, William (1834–96) 170 n. 12
motion
Aristotle s theory of 264
Heraclitus s theory of 206, 235
Hobbes' s theory of 261
Pre-Socratic theories of 235
Müller, Friedrich Max (1823–1900) 36, 298 n. 1
on Brahmanism 29, 295–7
on myth 26, 210 n. 1
works by: Chips from a German Workshop 83, 213 n. 1, 295–7;
German Classics 80;
A History of Sanskrit Literature 82;
Lectures on the Science of Language 83, 213 n. 1
Müller, K. O.
Ancient Art and its Remains 79
A History of the Literature of Ancient Greece 81
Mure, William (1799–1860)
A Critical History of the Language and Literature of Ancient Greece 81
music
in ancient Greece 223, 274–5
chromatic scale 157
defined by Plato 217, 223–4, 224 n. 7, 243, 274–5
m. instruments 156, 243, 253 n. 31
in Plato s theory of education 223–4
Myers, Ernest (1844–1921) 51, 66
myth ('mythe'), mythology
ancient Greek 105 n. 1, 118, 209–10
Excalibur 209, 211 n. 3
'Greek gods are rakes' 211 n. 1
Grote on 105 n. 1, 118, 119 n. 2, 208–9, 210 n. 1, 211 n. 3
and 'heathenism' 26 n. 74, 211 n. 1
as history 118, 210 n. 1, 211 n. 1
and imagination 209
Max Müller and 26, 210 n. 11
and philosophy 19, 118, 208–10, 246
Pythagoreans on 210
Ruskin on 210 n. 1
Scandinavian 210 n. 1
theories of 26 n. 74, 209
Napoleonic Wars (c. 1799–1815) 188 n. 1, see also Bonaparte, Napoleon
National Gallery of England 87
National Review 301 n. 1
naturalism 23, see also evolution
natural philosophy 26, see also Bacon, Francis
nature
art differs from 103, 106, 109
and beauty 106, 107, 137–8, 301
and state of war (Hobbes) 262
unity in 205
Nature magazine 23
Necessitarians 278, 279
Nettleship, Richard Lewis (1846–92) 27, 51–2 n. 139, 52
Philosophical Lectures and Remains 52 n. 139
New Dictionary of the English Language (Richardson) 79
Newman, Most Revd Dr John Henry, Cardinal (1801–90) 45 n. 128, 51, 55
counsels GMH 15, 50 n. 137
offers teaching post to GMH 21
Apologia pro Vita Sua 45
Dream of Gerontius 302 n. 1
'Lead, kindly light' 45 n. 128
Newman, William Lambert (1834–1923) 8, 56, 57
New Republic (Mallock) 54
Niebuhr, Barthold Georg (1776–1831)
The History of Rome 85
Nightingale, Florence (1820–1910) 15, 34, 53 n. 147, 193 n. 8
pg 357Jowett's letters to 11, 12 n. 34, 15, 33, 34, 53 nn. 146–7, 61 n. 179, 70 n. 203, 193 n. 8, 203 n. 11
Nix, The (Garnett) 164–5, 172 n. 33
Nixon, Jude 23, 222 n. 1
North British Review 301 n. 1
Notes to Aristotle's 'Ethics' (Jelf) 81
Novum Organon (Bacon) 26, 102, 103 n. 3
number theory, see Pythagoreans
Oakeley, Frederick (1802–80)
Remarks upon Aristotelian and Platonic Ethics 81
Odyssey, see Homer
Ogilvie, C. A. (1793–1873) 72 n. 208
Ogilvie, John
The Imperial Dictionary 79
Old Masters, at Oxford 85, see also Oxford: art and galleries
Old Mortality Society (O.M.S.) 10, 10 n. 26, 18, 51, 59
Old Schools (Oxford) 86, see also Oxford: art and galleries
One and the Many, see philosophy: the One and the Many
On Heroes (Carlyle) 185 n. 3, 186 n. 13
On the Study of Language (Tooke) 83
Origin of Species (Darwin) 23, 26, 83, 252 n. 16
Ovid (Publius Ovidius Naso) (?43–17 bc) 119 n. 3
Fasti 118, 119 n. 3
Metamorphoses 171 n. 28
Owen, Richard (1804–92)
On Parthenogenesis 286 n. 1
Owen, Robert (1801–77) 254 n. 42
Oxford University
art and galleries at 85–6: frescoes at O. union 142, 170 n. 12, 211 n. 3
Balliol College, see Balliol College
Bampton Lectures 10 (see Liddon)
Bodleian Library 9 n. 24, 78
Brasenose College 59
breakfast parties 33
Brotherhood of the Holy Trinity 9, 15, 15 n. 48
Christ Church College 15, 85
Corpus Christi College 85
curriculum 3, 22–3, 25–8, 40–9: and female authors 34, 64
general description of 38–9, 72–8
tutors and coaches 73
religious practice at 9, 15, 67–8, 77–8
educational reforms 78, see also Oxford University Reform Act
examinations 41 n. 119, 74–7
Hexameron, see Hexameron Society
homosociality at 33–35
Keble College 10 n. 27, 13
Magdalen College 204 n. 14
Merton College 85
Old Schools building 86
Oxford Union 33, 78, 86, 189
Queen's College 9 n. 24, 58
Radcliffe Camera 86
reading parties 74
scholarships ('exhibitions') 3, 72–4
Sheldonian Theatre 15 n. 45
Taylorian Insititute 86
typical day at 68
University Galleries 86
Literae Humaniores requirements 23, 25, 55, 75–6
Oxford University Calendar 75, 78
Oxford University Reform Act (1854) 78
Paine, Thomas (1737–1809) 192–3 n. 2
painting
as chromatic 164
composition 144–5, 290
early Italian 86
frescoes 142, 170 n. 12, 211 n. 3
missal 110
pg 358murals 174
perfection in 111–12, 174
portraits 171 n. 31
Palmer, Revd Edwin (1824–95) 8, 51, 57–58
parallelism, see poetry: parallelism in
Paravicini, Francis de (1843–1920) 65, 222 n. 12
Parker, John (1806–84)
Glossary of Terms Used in Grecian, Roman, Italian, and Gothic Architecture 79
Introduction to the Study of Gothic Architecture 79
Parmenides (fl. 400–500 bc) 21, 31, 206, 244, 304, 311–17, 312
'Being' and 'Not-Being' 21, 304, 311–17
cosmology 316
doctrine of reality 322 n. 1
'father of Realism' 311
'inscape' 311, 313, 315, 316
'instress' 311–13, 312
and Oneness 315
Plato's 'reverence for' 311
realism 304, 311
Zeno on 321
parthenogenesis 286, 286 n. 1
Parthenon 111, 179 n. 1, 180 n. 1
Pass and Class (Burrows) 73, 78
Pater, Clara (1841–1910) 59
Pater, Hester (1837–1922) 59
Pater, Walter Horatio (1839–94) 8, 18, 34, 39, 56, 58–62
accusations against 10 n. 26
and art criticism 86, 173 n. 36, 174
'coaches' GMH 16, 18, 19, 21, 29, 59, 73–4
conflict with Jowett 60–1
on contingent subjectivity 254 n. 40
homoeroticism and 61, 62 n. 181
on Michelangelo 181 n. 10
on Parmenides 304
reputation at Oxford 10 n. 26, 60
works by: Appreciations 60;
'Coleridge's Writings' 60;
Imaginary Portraits 60;
Marius the Epicurean 60, 228 n. 1;
Plato and Platonism 60;
'Poems by William Morris' 60;
The Renaissance 60, 61, 173 n. 36, 254 n. 40;
'Winckelmann' 60
Patmore, Coventry (1823–96)
The Children 's Garland 164
Pattison, Mark (1813–84) 65, 74, 185 n. 2, 294
'Tendencies in Religious Thought' 294 n. 1
see also Essays and Reviews
Paul, Revd C. Kegan (1828–1902) 10–11
perfection, see art: perfection in
Pericles (c.495–29 bc) 180 n. 3, 318
Phaenarete (mother of Socrates) 34, 131
Phenomenalism 299
Phidias ('Pheidias') (c.465–425 bc) 180 n. 3
Athene 180 n. 3
Philistines 38–9, 160
Phillips, Catherine 9 n. 22
Philodemus (fl. 110–35 bc) 170 n. 20
philosophers 210, 273, 304
distinguished from Sophists 17, 123–5, 128, 129, 274–5
Philosophie der Griechen (Zeller) 81
philosophy
and 'arithmetic' 216, see also Plato: five sciences
atomism 246, 255 n. 47, 280, 288–9, 290
and cosmology 204, 209, 210 n. 1, 316
Cynicism 226, 257
defined 291
pg 359Eastern 213 n. 1, 246, 296–7 see also Buddha, Buddhism; Brahmanism
Empiricism 197–8, 199, 200, 217, 256
in England 22, 291 n. 4, 300 n. 1
German Idealist 27–8, 53
Heraclitus 235
and history, see history: philosophy of
and the Idea, see Idea, the
Ionian school of 205, 209, 235
and logic 205, 291, 299
the One and the Many 29, 206, 229, 235, 273–4
orthodoxy in 288
Pre-Socratic 21, 29, 204–6, 209–10
psychology in 199 nn. 1–2, 205, 248, 288
rhetorical 118
Stoicism 257
'three great seasons in' 289
transcendental 197–8, 236, 289
Philosophy of Kant (Cousin) 83
phrenology 291 n. 2
physiology 287
and phenomenalism 299
and psychology 287–8
and sensation 198, 299
Pick, John 54
Pictorial Edition of the Works of Shakespere (Knight) 79
Plato (c.427–c.347 bc)
and Aristotle 129, 130, 234, 242
on art 223–4, 243
and atheism 238
Bacon compared to 124, 129, 130 n. 4, 275
Being, Not-Being, Becoming 238, 275
canon of works 237, 275
communism 248–9
criticizes scepticism 238, 260
dialectic 228–30, 239, 240, 243–4, 252–3 n. 20 274, 291
the dialogues 128, 270
diction 223, 230, 243
educational theory 128, 216–17, 223–4, 242–3, 244, 249
ethics and morals 192 n. 1, 224–5, 234, 273
five sciences for philosophers 216–17
on good and evil 238, 242, 247, 252 n. 14
and Greek world, position to 30, 125, 127–30
'habitual melancholy' 125, 128–9
the Idea 21, 230, 236, 237, 243
immortality of soul 237, 245–6, 254 n. 37
irony 228 n. 7, 234, 272–3
'last poet of philosophy' 130 n. 4
on love 224 n. 7, 229, 230, 237, 248, 259 n. 2, 274
and mathematics 241
and music 217, 223–4, 224 n. 7, 243, 274–5
One and the Many 229, 235, 273–4
on Parmenides, 'reverence for' 311
primum amabile 259 n. 2
and Socrates 124–5, 132
against Sophists 123–5, 243, 249, 260, 275, 291
on syllogism 229, 244, 274
theory of: knowledge 210, 233–4, 236, 237, 271, 274;
matter 237, 247, 274;
pleasure 233–4, 247–8;
virtue 233–4, 244–5, 271;
sense 241
unity and order 224, 229
writing style 105, 106 n. 10, 160, 180
works: Apology 228 n. 7;
Charmides pg 360236;
Commonwealth 216–17;
Critias 249;
Crito 228 n. 7;
Laches 236;
Laws 192 n. 1, 237, 241;
Meno 233, 236, 271;
Phaedo 228 n. 7, 236, 238, 245, 248;
Phaedrus 236, 246, 254 n. 37;
Philebus 24, 29, 214–15, 228–9, 230 n. 2, 248, 273;
Protagoras 233, 271;
Republic 19, 224 n. 1, 236, 239, 241, 242, 244, 248–9, 272, 273–4;
Sophist 274;
Symposium 229;
Theaetetus 127 n. 4, 236, 241;
Timaeus 132, 236, 241, 242, 244, 246
Plato, and the Other Companions of Sokrates (Grote, G.) 17, 81, 192 n. 1
Platonism 125, 129, 236, 246, 289
Plays of William Shakespeare (Chalmers) 79
pleasure, theory of 233–4, 247–8, see also sensations, sensationalism
Plotkin, Cary 298 n. 1
Plutarch (Mestrius Plutarchus) (c.46–127) 322 n. 1
poetry
as art 160–1, 166
chromatism and diatonism in 162
classical 171 n. 24
definitions of 159, 161
diction (language) of 120–2, 223
epic 6, 223, 106 n. 3, 171 n. 24
p. feet 152: anapest 152, 171 n. 24;
dactyl 152, 171 n. 24;
iamb 171 n. 24;
spondee 171 n. 24;
trochee 152, 153, 171 n. 24
p. genres: lyric 162;
sonnet 150–1
Greek 6, 81, 112, 179
Hebrew 120, 158, 162
'inscape' 21, 300 n. 1, 301 n. 1, see also Parmenides
'instress' 170 n. 9, 300 n. 1, 301 n. 1, see also Parmenides
Italian 161
metaphor 158–9, 163
metre 120, 151, 153, 160, 161, 162: accentual-syllabic 171 n. 24;
quantitative 171 n. 24
parallelism in 120–1, 158–9, 161, 162–4, 166–7
and 'the Poet' 159–60, 166
and prose, compared 104–5, 106, 120, 121, 154, 159–61
rhyme 120, 151, 153, 160, 161, 166: alliteration 153, 160;
assonance 153, 161;
rhyming couplet 150
rhythm 106 n. 10, 120, 151–3, 160: in Plato's theory 223, 243;
'sprung rhythm' 171 n. 24
Roman 118–19
'science' of 161, 171 n. 30
simile 159
structural unity of 151, 153, 223
politics
and change 211
and economics 23, 26, 189 n. 1, 193, 195
and ethics, morality 192, 192 n. 1, 256–8, 262, 265 n. 2
historical 189–90, 211–12
'science' of 26, 189–90, 265 n. 2
Positivism 22, 250, 305
and logic of history 266
and metaphysics 202, 203–4 n. 11, 287–9
theory of causation 19, 200–2
power
for Foucault, Michel 34 n. 101
for Hobbes 263 n. 4
predicate (in logic), see propositions
Preller, Ludwig (1809–1861)
Historia Philosophiae Graeco-Romanae 81, 314, see also Ritter, August
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood 112
pg 361frescoes in Oxford Union 142, 170 n. 12, 211 n. 3
Ruskin's support for 114 n. 16
Pre-Socratic philosophy 21, 29, 204–6, 209–10
Eleatic school 205–6, 235–6
Ionian school 205, 209, 235
'outward looking' 204–5
theories of motion 235
Price, Bonamy (1807–88) 195 n. 1
Principles of Political Economy (Mill, J. S.) 79
probability 101, see also evidence
Prodicus of Ceos (fl. 5th century bc) 124
Prolegomena Logica (Mansel) 82
Prometheus Bound (Aeschylus) 3
Propertius, Sextus Aurelius (50–c.16 bc) 76
propositions (in logic) 97–8, 284–5, see also logic
prose
ancient Greek 103–5
distinguished from poetry 104–5, 106, 154, 159–61
Protagoras (c.490–420 bc) 124, 125
Pusey, Revd Dr Edward Bouverie (1800–82) 9, 55
campaigns against Jowett 11, 12, 70
GMH confesses to 12 n. 35, 14, 35
'Puseyism' 16, 25, 55
sermons of 13
Daniel the Prophet 13
psychology 199 n. 2
'action of the mind' 265, 278
and intelligence 280 n. 1
and metaphysics 287–9
Pythagoreans 205, 235, 236
and mythology 210
number theory 205, 235
Pythagoreanism 236–7, 241, 249
Pythagoras (fl. 6th century bc) 245, 308
quatrefoil 201, see also causation
Queen's College, Oxford 9 n. 24, 58
Questions for Self-Examination 13, see also confession, practices of
Radcliffe Camera (Oxford) 86
Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio) (1483–1520) 85, 86
Rameses (or Ramesses) II, pharaoh of Egypt (c.1304–1237 bc), 113 n. 12
Ramsay, William (1806–65)
An Elementary Manual of Roman Antiquities 85
Rawlinson, George (1812–1902) 74
The Historical Evidences of the Truth of the Scripture Records 84
reading parties, see Oxford University
realism 183, 289
in art 87 n. 233, 104–5, 108, 110, 177
and Parmenides 304, 311
and idealism, see idealism
reason
for Kant 29, 282
'right reason' (Aristotle) 265, 277
relativity
philosophy of flux 26, 28, 289
Religions of the World and their Relations to Christianity (Maurice) 84
religious observances (at Oxford) 9, 15, 67–8, 77–8
Remarks on the Use and Abuse of Political Terms (Lewis) 84
pg 362Remarks upon Aristotelian and Platonic Ethics (Oakeley) 81
Rembrandt (Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn) (1606–69) 87
Rémusat, Charles, comte de (1797–1875) 295
Renaissance
art 85, 86, 112
literature 184
representation, see votes and voting rights
responsions ('Smalls'), see Oxford: examinations
Results of Comparative Philology (Curtius) 83
Reynolds, Sir Joshua (1723–92) 162, 171 n. 31, 177, 179 n. 1
on Borghese Warrior 177, 181 n. 6
on Michelangelo 181 n. 11
Discourses on Art 171 n. 31, 179 n. 1
rhetoric
ancient Greek 118, 123, 130
Aristotle's Rhetoric 77
Livy 198
philosophical 118
Plato's opposition to 7, 130
Socrates on 126 n. 1
for Sophists 123, 126 n. 1, 126 n. 2, 128
and Thucydides 105, 118, 180
'two axes' 308
and verse 106 n. 10, 119
rhyme, rhyming 120, 150, 151, 153, 160, 161, 166
alliteration 153, 160
assonance 153, 161
see also poetry
rhythm 106 n. 10, 120, 151–3, 160
in Plato's theory 223, 243
'sprung rhythm' 171 n. 24
see also poetry
Richardson, Charles (1775–1865)
A New Dictionary of the English Language 79
Riddell, Henrietta 57
Riddell, Revd James (1823–66) 4, 8, 20, 51, 57, 62–3, 105
Rig-Veda 295–6, 297
Ritter, August
Historia Philosophiae Graeco-Romanae 81, 314, see also Preller, Ludwig
Robert Elsmere (Ward, Mrs. H.) 53
Rogers, J. E. T. (1823–90) 195 n. 1
Roman Catholicism, see Catholicism, Roman
Roman Empire
'amusements' 257
'order of things' 213
poetry 118–19
Roman Poets of the Augustan Age (Sellar) 82
Roman Poets of the Republic (Sellar) 82
Rosa, Salvator (1615–73) 85
Rossetti, Christina (1830–94) 171 n. 26
Goblin Market 155, 156, 171 n. 26
Rossetti, Dante Gabriel (1828–82) 170 n. 12
The Early Italian Poets 82
Goblin Market frontispiece 155, 156, 171 n. 26
Rossetti, William Michael (1829–1919) 179 n. 1
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1712–78) 186, 193
Royal Academy 87
Royal Atlas of Modern Geography (Johnston) 80
Royal Commission on the state of British universities (1850–52) 69, 74
Rubens, Peter Paul (1577–1640)
Adoration of the Shepherds 85
Ruskin, John (1819–1900) 18 n. 56, 23, 86, 168–9 n. 1
art criticism 168–9 n. 1
on beauty and truth 112–13 n. 2
'excellences' as critic 168 n. 1
pg 363love of art of 61 n. 179
on Michelangelo 181 n. 10
on myth 210 n. 1
Slade Professor of Fine Art, Oxford 61 n. 179, 169 n. 2
Elements of Drawing 79, 87, 168 n. 1, 169 n. 9
Modern Painters 61 n. 179, 79, 87, 112 n. 2, 168 n. 1
Sacred and Legendary Art (Jameson) 86
St Aloysius's Church (Oxford) 204 n. 14
saints, as 'great types' 226
Savonarola, Girolamo (1452–98) 17, 132, 134 n. 3, 183
'scape', 'scaping' 307, 315
see also 'inscape'
science
and the arts 174
atomic 255 n. 47, 288
defined by Comte 286 n. 1
of ethics 23, 133
of history 181–82, 183
human 126 n. 2
and method 102: inductive 285;
deductive 285–6
and Michelangelo 178
modern 126 n. 1
of poetry 10 n. 26, 171 n. 30
of politics 189–90, 192 n. 1
of political economics 193, 195
prestige of 26 n. 74
progressive 22–3, 26, 285–6
promise of 22
Schlegel, F. von (1772–1829)
Über die Sprache und Weisheit der Indier [On the Language and Philosophy of the Indians] 82
Scott, Revd Robert (1811–87) 8, 16, 19, 40, 54, 62, 63
as Master of Balliol (vs Jowett) 63, 69–70, 73
Greek-English Lexicon 63, 79
Scotus, see Duns Scotus
Schleiermacher, Fredrich Ernst (1768–1834) 251 n. 2
sculpture 86, 174–9
bronze 177
compared with other arts 178–9
composition 178
Greek 175, 179, 181;
Jowett on 180 n. 1
Italian 175
marble 177
religious uses of 175, 178, 180–1 n. 3
stone 175–7
unity in 178–9, see also unity, concept of
Secret of Hegel (Stirling) 28, 80
secularism 22
securities, see interest and security
Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky 33
Selections from the Fifth Book of Hooker's Ecclesiastical Polity (Hooker) 84
'selving' 34
defined 34 n. 101
Sellar, William Young (1825–90)
Roman Poets of the Augustan Age 82
Roman Poets of the Republic 82
sensations, sensationalism 206, 260
for Cyrenaics 259–60
defined by G. Grote 280 n. 2, 299–300
and epistemology 198, 300 n. 1
for Hobbes 262, 263 n. 4
and memory 231, 280 n. 2
pg 364Sepoy Uprising or 'Indian Mutiny' (1857) 188 n. 1, 213 n. 1
Sermons and Devotional Writings of Gerard Manley Hopkins (Devlin) 32
Sewell, William (1804–74)
Christian Morals 85
Shairp, John Campbell (1819–85) 301 n. 1
Studies in Poetry and Philosophy 300–1
Shakespeare ('Shakspere'), William (1564–1616) 131, 150, 160
influence in English drama 18, 183–4, 186 n. 6
in relation to Middle Ages and Reformation 127
works by: Sonnet (52) 121, 122 n. 9;
Sonnet (98) 230;
Hamlet 133 n. 1, 168, 173 n. 38;
King Lear 133 n. 1, 209, 211 n. 4;
The Tempest 147
Shelley, Percy Bysshe (1792–1822) 149
Adonais 160
'Music, when sweet voices die' 163
'To – –' 149, 162–3, 170 n. 21
Short History of the English People (Green) 80
'shuttlecock' 137, 139, 140, 142, 160, 162
Sichel, Walter (1855–1933) 54
simile, see poetry: simile
sin and evil 31, 220
Slade Professor of Fine Art, see Ruskin, John
Sleep of Sorrow and the Dream of Joy (Monti) 175, 176, 181 n. 4
Smallfield, Frederick (1829–1915) 164, 172 n. 32
'Smalls', see Oxford: examinations
Smith, Adam (c.1723–90) 193, 195 n. 2
Wealth of Nations 195 n. 2
Smith, Goldwin (1823–1910) 63, 78 n. 227, see also Oxford University Reform Act (1854)
Smith, Henry John Stephen (1826–83) 8, 63–4
Smith, John Simm (GMH's grandfather) (1792–1877) 117 n. 2, 196 n. 3
Smith, William A. (1813–1893)
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology 20, 79
A History of Greece from the Earliest Times to the Roman Conquest 80
socialism 190, 192 n. 2
Society of Jesus (S.J.) 50 n. 137
Socrates (c.469–399 bc)
and dialectic 129, 132, 137
and ethics 132–3, 234
artistic gifts 131
family history 131
'gift of the gods to men' 29, 215
and irony 228 n. 7, 245
on justice 207
on morality 29, 132, 207
'One and the Many' 29, 235
and physics 131–2
religious character 132–3
and Sophists, dislike of 123–5, 126 n. 2, 132, 270
on virtue and vice 132–3, 225
Socratic method 137, 236
Solon (c.640–561 bc) 126 n. 2, 273 n. 6
Son of Belial, A (Geldart) 54
sonnet, see poetry: genres
Sophists 17, 123–6, 128, 132, 229, 260
'antagonism' towards 123–5, 243, 249, 260, 275
Grote's interpretation of 123–4, 126 n. 2, 249
historical positioning of 123, 205, 260
morality of