Elizabeth Goldring, Faith Eales, Elizabeth Clarke, Jayne Elizabeth Archer, Gabriel Heaton, and Sarah Knight (eds), John Nichols's The Progresses and Public Processions of Queen Elizabeth I: A New Edition of the Early Modern Sources, Vol. 1: 1533–1571

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pg 442[VISIT OF CHRISTOPHER, MARGRAVE OF BADEN-BADEN, SEPTEMBER 1565]

The following narrative is taken from Stow and Howes, Annales (1615), 658. In late 1564, Christopher Zahringen (1537–75), Christopher II, Margrave of Baden-Baden, married Princess Cecilie Vasa (1540–1627), daughter of King Gustav I Vasa of Sweden (1496?–1560; r. 1523–60). They left for England on 13 November, a few days after their wedding, travelling through Finland, Livonia, Prussia, Pomerania, Mecklenburg, Friesland, Flanders, and Calais. The purpose of their visit was to support the marriage suit of Cecilie's brother, Erik XIV (see 1559 n. 235). Cecilie remained in England just under a year, during which time she accumulated considerable debts. In an attempt to pay off her creditors, she became embroiled with the alchemist Cornelius de Lannoy (Alneto), who had a laboratory and rooms in Somerset House. She eventually tried to escape England, but her creditors captured her at Dover, stripping her of her jewellery and wardrobe. A description of and itinerary for Cecilie's journey, written c. 1565 by the translator James Bell, is BL, Royal MS 17 C.XXIX, has been published in 'A Narrative of the Journey of Cecilia, Princess of Sweden, to the Court of Queen Elizabeth', ed. M. Morison, and in Queen Elizabeth and a Swedish Princess: Being An Account of the Visit of Princess Cecilia of Sweden to England in 1565, ed. Ethel Seaton. Anglo-Swedish correspondence concerning the visit can be found in BL, Royal MS 13 B.I, fos. 109 and 134. On Cecilie and Alneto, see Charles Webster, 'Alchemical and Paracelsian Medicine', 307, and Raymond Needham and Alexander Webster, Somerset House Past and Present, 78–9. Further discussion of the 1565 visit of Christopher Zahringen and Cecilie Vasa and Erik XIV's courtship of Queen Elizabeth can be found in Forney, 'A Gift of Madrigals and Chansons: The Winchester Part Books and the Courtship of Elizabeth I by Erik XIV of Sweden'.

Among Cecilie's maids of honour on this visit was Helena Snakenborg (1548–1635), who remained in England following Cecilie's flight, and subsequently joined Elizabeth's maids of honour, c.1567, marrying (1) William Parr, Marquess of Northampton, and (2) Sir Thomas Gorges (1536–1610).

Visit of Christopher, Margrave of Baden-Baden, September 1565

Christopher prince and Margraue of Baden with Cicely his wife sister to the K. of Swethland, after a long and dangerous iourney, wherein they had trauelled almost 11. moneths, sailing from Stockeholme, crossing the seas ouer into Lifeland, from whence by land they came about by Poland, Prusey, Pomerland, Meckburge, Friseland, and so to Antwerpe in Brabant, then to Caleis, at the last in September landed at Douer, where they were met and receiued by the L. Cohham1 with a goodly traine of knights and gentlemen. And at Canterbury the lady Cohham2 with the like traine of ladies and gentlewomen met them, and at Grauesend the Lord pg 443Hundsdon3 with the gentleman pensioners met them, and so on the 11. day of September they came to London, where they were met and receiued by the E. of Sussex, the countesse his wife,4 and their traine, and so brought to the E. of Bedfords place neere vnto Iuie-bridge,5 where they were lodged and within fower dayes after, that is to say, the 15. of September she trauelled in childbed and was deliuered of a man-child, which child the last of September was christened in the Q. maiesties chappell of Whitehall at Westminster, the queenes maiestie in her owne person being godmother, the Archbishop of Canterburie and the duke of Norfolke godfathers:6 at the christening the queene gaue the child to name Edwar dus fortunatus,7 for that God had so graciously assisted his mother in so long and dangerous a iourney, and brought her so safe to land in that place which she most desired, and that in so short time before hir deliuerance.

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Notes

Editor’s Note
1 William Brooke, 10th Baron Cobham.
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2 Frances Brooke, née Newton, Lady Cobham.
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3 Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon.
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4 Thomas Radcliffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex, and Frances Radcliffe, née Sidney (1531?–89), daughter of Sir William Sidney (c.1482–1554) and Anne Sidney, née Pagenham (d. 1543).
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5Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford. Bedford House was located along Ivy Bridge Lane, just south of Strand.
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6 Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury; Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk.
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7 Edward Fortunatus Zahringen (1565–1600), Margrave of Baden-Baden.
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