Michael Quinn (ed.), The Collected Works of Jeremy Bentham: Writings on the Poor Laws, Vol. 2

Contents
Find Location in text

Main Text

pg 697INDEX OF SUBJECTS

Note. The following is a unified index which refers to the texts of all the works included in the volume, without identifying the particular work in question.

References to Bentham's notes and editorial notes are given by means of the page number(s) followed by the letter 'n.' Bentham's spelling has been modernized in the head words, but not in the text of the index entries.

The symbol 'v.' is used to indicate 'as distinct from' or 'as opposed to'. Other abbreviations for frequently occurring words and phrases are as follows:

i.h.

industry house(s)

NCC

National Charity Company

ABILITY: NCC gets refuse of stock of industry and, 60, 207, 562;
NCC gainer by influx of paupers where ordinary, not deficient, 80, 84;
not smallest fragment of, to be left unemployed, 119–20, 429–30, 518–9;
same price for labour low with respect to one degree of, high with respect to another, 149;
no spark of, to which employment might not be assigned in i.h., 150–1, 424, 518–9;
blind fitted by appropriate establishments according to, for obtaining employ on footing of independence, 164;
poor excluded by poverty from, of doing whatever requires to be done for them in way of education, 168;
means of employing fragments of, under NCC v. private employers, 325;
want of sufficient hands to afford modifications of inadequate, or confined, disadvantage of existing poor houses, 345;
system of agricultural operations might be devised in which principal part performed by inferior degrees of strength and, 349 n.;
union of, and inclination in hands entrusted with management necessary to success, 356;
under NCC apprentice stock to be depended on during year or two in which, at highest pitch, 367;
to work entire on part of deaf and dumb and of blind, 518–9;
relative, increased by application of Labour-division principle, 520;
classes whose natural, with reference to labour decidedly below expence of maintenance, 536 n.;
nature shows commencement of, for sexual intercourse, 654 n. See inability
ABLE HANDS: belong to burthensome list during time employed in learning, 59;
terms to be made with, 60;
all that private employers have to deal with v. NCC, 332
ABODE: under existing system ability of infirm to partake of divine service depends on degree of infirmity v. distance of, from church, 261;
past-prosperity hands sollicitous to obtain separate, 263;
source of extra-comforts dependent on separation of, unexposed to abuse, 264
ABORIGINAL STOCK: remainder of, component of general stock of apprentices of NCC, 306
ABORIGINES: v. successionists, 298 n.
ABUSE(S): impossibility in inspection i.h. of, by connivance, 105;
no term of, to be used by officer in speaking of or to pauper, 139;
choosing plan of life for person of full age exercise of power more prone to, than congenial to use, 214 n.;
no door opened to, by power of apprehension of beggars, 214 n.;
source of extra-comforts dependent on separation of abode unexposed to, 264;
Inspection-House principle security against, in trust-management, 327;
security against, weakened under divided management, 394–5;
scrutiny of concourse of visitors check to, 518;
no possibility of, in i.h. of NCC v. public schools, 650 n.
ACCIDENT(S): without number causes by which multitude many times greater pg 698stand distinguished from felons, 66;
cautions respecting, to which man exposed for want of knowledge in medicine, 192;
fitness of employment for i.h. v. dependence of demand for produce upon, 409–10
ACCOMMODATION: making habitations hold two persons doubles quantity of, with little addition to expence, 264, 646 n.;
for sleeping in i.h., 505–7
ACCOUNT(S): as between value of relief and value of work to be stated in writing, 7;
Governor of i.h. to detain pauper until balance of, discharged, 8;
declaration of dividend of NCC void unless accompanied by publication of, 10, 494;
power to Committee of Council to examine directors of NCC on matters set forth in, 10, 494;
classes burthensome at end of, 59–60;
reward for apprehension charged to, of beggar, 215, 217, 571;
of husband and wife to be consolidated into one in i.h., 243, 578;
transparency of pauper, of this or that parish v. all England, 354–5;
sum to be raised on public, supposing capital offered not sufficient for formation of NCC, 379;
any capital raised by voluntary subscriptions sufficient to give advantage over plan conducted on public, 379, 396;
interest in success of undertaking of individuals on own, v. trustees acting for benefit of public, 426–7;
of NCC arranged with purpose of giving transparency to management, 455;
obligation on NCC of publishing, at frequently recurring periods, 492;
Italian book-keeping not practised on occasions on which national, delivered to Parliament, 544–5 n.;
NCC under obligation to keep perpetual, of timber, 617;
regularly published of produce of receiving-boxes appropriated to each article of extra-comfort, 634
ACCUMULATION: number of dependent poor would receive encrease from, of unripe hands, 82;
calculation to ascertain effect on stock of hands by, resulting from Apprenticeship principle, 304–8;
of apprentice stock ceases after twenty-one years, 304, 500
ACCUMULATION STOCK: defined, 272;
multitude of, may be deduced from that of natural stock, 272–3 n.;
course taken to ascertain amount of, 292–6, 304–8, 450–1
ACTION: love of, principle of which force apt to fail v. love of money, 369 & n.;
personal interest most powerful principle of, 518
ADMINISTRATION: security provided by inspecting eyes of, and Parliament weakened under divided management, 394–5;
v. NCC would have no official check but Parliament, 397, 682;
impossible that Parliament so independent of, as both can not but be with reference to NCC, 397;
demand on time of Minister of board nominated by, v. board of NCC, 399–400, 682;
disadvantage in feasibility sufficient to put negative upon vesting management of poor in hands of, 404–5, 683. See government
ADULT(S): no employment to which children competent to be allotted to, till whole stock of children provided for, 120, 519;
employment fit only for, unsuitable as employment for system of i.h., 412;
time requisite v. uncertainty in acquisition of new skill by, v. non-adults, 413
ADVANTAGE(S): of collecting insane into small number of establishments, 24, 549;
derivable from transfer of sick relief from hospital to i.h., 33, 508 n., 664;
idea of, derivable from appropriate aggregation, 70–1 n.;
union of separation and aggregation, possessed exclusively by poor houses v. prisons, 71;
classes from admission of which least, expected marked in preference for being put on Out-allowance list, 80–1;
of equable distribution of i.h., 85, 500–1;
building has limits beyond which it can not be extended without losing, connected with Inspection-Architecture principle, 85–6;
depending on multitude of i.h., 86–7, 502;
to NCC from smallness of number of i.h., 87–9, 501;
resulting from several points of construction of i.h., 98–9, 502–3;
of inspection plan as applied to i.h., 104–6, 503;
possessed in poor houses v. prisons by multitude of persons whose decrepitude security against pg 699corruption, 107;
uniformity of management productive of, 114–15;
resulting from adoption of Separate-work principle, 126;
laying in stock of supply of shipwright strength, peculiar to proposed system, 148;
law of Elizabeth offers no adequate, to master, 229–31, 574;
peculiar to NCC v. private manufacturing concerns, 325–31;
in which NCC sharer with individual undertakers, 331–3;
derivable from Labour-division principle limited by extent of field within which, reaped, 346 n., 519–20;
vastness of population under one management bestows enormous, on proposed system, 368;
nothing less than whole field of existing poor laws can with, be taken for subject-matter of proposed system, 379;
capital raised by voluntary subscription sufficient to give plan, over plan conducted on public account, 379;
dependent on concentration of whole management into one set of hands, 384–95, 678–81;
saving of profit allowed to NCC, of government management, 395, 682;
security to rateable part of community afforded by subscription fund, of NCC v. goverment management, 396–7, 682;
of Apprenticeship principle to child and NCC, 526;
of Talent-cultivation principle, 526–7;
of Fellow-instruction principle, 527;
of Indigenous-promotion principle, 527;
of separation between beds in i.h., 535;
of infants under NCC v. in private families, 540–1;
resulting from use of tables in instruction, 673–5 n., derivable from musical instruction, 675–6 n. See benefit(s) and burden(s)
ADVERTISEMENT(S): practice would give, in Employment Gazette uniform shape, 201, 563–4;
amount paid into Stamp-Office by NCC according to rate of revenue from newspaper, for employment, 206, 568
AFFECTION(S): value of, lost if property transferred, 263–4, 643 n.;
contempt of value of, defect of English jurisprudence v. Roman law, 263 & n.;
divided management turns deaf ear to prayers where settlement points to one place and present, to another, 393;
religious, end to which occupations directed in i.h., 551;
moral health great use of religious, 552;
society indebted to power which distress acquires over sympathetic, for multitude of specific charities, 635 n.;
advantage of musical instruction in ministering to religious, 675 n.
AFFLUENCE: extra-allowance on score of extra-suffering by decline from, 14;
vacancy dangerous companion to, 39;
numbers of those bred to, small v. those to whom circumstances have refused both breeding and, 56;
comparative happiness depends on mass of, being in state of encrease, 311–12;
habit of living upon little source of, 312;
taking for model buildings planned by affluent on scale proportioned to, disadvantage of existing poor houses, 344;
chance of promotion to rank and, advantage to child of Apprenticeship-principle, 526;
opportunities of occasional intercourse and uninterrupted sympathy at present monopolized by, 608. See opulence, wealth
AFFLUENT: See rich
AGES(S): extraneous stock not considered as upon footing with indigenous after, at which faculty of conversation established, 74;
of commencing ability to work four years old, 171, 181;
of commencing apprenticeship leaves ten years lost to industry, 181, 429;
table of, constructed from Eden's census, 292–3;
account kept of, very imperfect in minds of inferior classes, 293;
distinction between remanets and successionsists applicable to all, 299;
in instance of mature, neither encrease nor decrease looked for in numbers, 300;
all children of each, supposed born on same day, 305 & n.;
earlier commencement of earning, new created source of profit under NCC, 310;
number rendered helpless by, invariable quantity, 324;
system of employment for i.h. to be adapted to persons of every, 424;
defined, 442;
variation in expence and return by difference in, 472–5, 687;
outline of table contrived for exhibiting pecuniary value of pauper at and up to different years of, 478–80;
unchaste hands kept separate from hands of suscep-pg 700tible, 498;
peculium huts allotted to classes rendered peculiarly susceptible of annoyance by, or past-prosperity, 498;
sexes to be compared at different, for experiment in regard to most advantageous quantity of food, 532;
at which formation of marriage fund may commence in males, 588;
of training apprentice stock as supplement to national defence, 614;
extraordinary, ground of title to extra-comforts, 647
AGGREGATION: means of keeping plan of separation and, determined on, 62;
advantages derivable from appropriate, confirmed by instance taken from custom of Milanese, 70–1 n.;
union of separation and, advantage possessed exclusively by poor houses v. prisons, 71;
and separation in lodging of prostitutes, 71 n.;
maintenance in alms-houses partakes of inconvenience of community-maintenance in respect of unpleasant, 256;
task of separation incomplete unless combined with that of, 497;
purposes for which appropriate, necessary, 497;
separation combined with appropriate, requisite to union of matrimonial society with decency, 499;
corruptive, efficient cause of corruption v. tutelary, efficient cause of reformation, 609;
militia-men exposed to corruptive, 615. See association
AGRICULTURE: priority due to, v. to manufactures, 484–5;
healthiest of all employments, 638
AIR of infirmary on highest floor will not pass to any other part of building, 64;
change of, v. change of place necessary to health, 135;
sex seems to constitute source of difference in requirements for fresh, and exercise, 415–16;
circulation of, in i.h., 504–5;
use of asses for giving open, to children beneath self-conveying age, 608, 644
AIRING YARDS: expence of, on Suffolk scale v. proposed scale, 512 n.
ALEHOUSE: wife and children too often left in indigence at home while husband at, 311;
office of Friendly Society bank with few exceptions at, 598;
choosing, for school of frugality like choosing brothel for school of continence, 598
ALL-EMPLOYING PRINCIPLE: See universal-industry principle
ALLOWANCE(S): extra, on scores of infirmity, good behaviour, or decline from affluence, 14;
simple maintenance least quantum of, that can be made to hands who cling to i.h., 60;
made for difference between summer and winter demand for relief in calculation with respect to numbers, 78;
smallest, of food compatible with health preferable as least expensive, 532;
extra, in way of clothing, bedding, and diet items of extra-comfort, 646
ALMS: extracted by nothing else than suffering on part of almsgiver, 211–12;
acceptance of, in public place proof of begging, 219, 220, 572;
nobody can give, where nobody to receive, 220, 572;
door to evidence of begging shut up if nobody to give, 220, 572
ALMSGIVER: alms extracted by nothing else than suffering on part of, 211–12;
punishment for begging extended to, prohibition of beneficence, 220, 572
ALMS-HOUSES: maintenance afforded in, v. home-maintenance and community-maintenance, 256;
option between laying out money in pensions at disposal of NCC and founding, 256
AMPLE-SCALE PRINCIPLE: saving by reduction of expence depending on benefit of, 12;
stated, 113, 514;
names for, 113 n.;
intimate connection between Save-all principle and, 132, 525;
use of, under NCC v. private employers, 327–8;
affords facility for application of Labour-division principle, 327, 514;
privation of benefit of, disadvantage of existing poor houses, 351;
Wholesale-purchase principle application of, 525
AMUSEMENT: reason for applying Universal-Industry principle, 119, 518;
diminution to happiness of child by being debarred from, depends on experience or non-pg 701experience of, 180;
alternation of public worship and, better than mere negation of profitable labour, 248 n.;
manufacture for employment of paupers sort of, to Overseers, 358–9;
to be infused into mass of occupations by which time filled, 555–6;
children by no means happiest whose, most studied, 555 n.
ANIMAL(S): ranked in class of interesting objects, 188;
single man of labouring class self-conveying, v. family of labouring class, 207, 565 n.;
labour of inferior, generally employed if field of exertion confinable to particular spot, 416;
medicine as applied to, branch of knowledge in which instruction given to visitors to i.h., 630–2;
medical knowledge as applied to domestic, imparted in i.h. towards close of apprenticeship, 675
ANNOYANCE: separation requisite for preservation of individual from, 61, 497, 498;
classes placed near to one another which least liable to receive, each from other, 72–3, 499–500;
exemption from, desired in i.h., 96;
mischief mendicity productive of to community, 211;
pain of sympathy v., in relation to beggars, 211 n.;
security against, comfort of apprentices in i.h., 266, 650;
peculium huts allotted to classes rendered by age or past-prosperity peculiarly susceptible of, 498;
great source of discomfort in existing poor houses, 500;
that, confined to author of uncleanliness advantage of separation between beds in i.h., 535;
ridding ordinary i.h. of, reason for appropriate establishments, 549;
security against, comfort extended to all classes, 640
ANNUITY(IES): interest given by creation of, in stability of government, 4 n.;
part of pay of officers to whose functions application of Life-Assurance principle extendible given in shape of, on lives of children under their care, 528;
for existing wife shape into which contribution to Frugality-Bank convertible, 587. See superannuation annuity(ies)
ANNULAR WELL: interposition of, sufficient for personal security of governing body, 73–4, 499;
means of communication by staircases thrown across, 99, 504;
will maintain draught of air from stories of windows all round, 504
APPETITE(S): demands of nature v., in regard to diet, 141–2;
non-gratification of natural, productive of pain, 179;
hardship in frustrating, already created v. ordering matters to prevent creation of, 180
APPREHENSION: costs of, and reward to be charged against beggars, 8, 215, 216, 571;
charge against beggar on score of reward for, doubled in case of relapse, 218 & n., 571
APPRENTICE(S): saving in respect of binding pauper children as, 13;
benefits of Apprenticeship principle to, 15, 526;
measures for augmenting stock of, 15–16;
preservation of distinctions amongst different classes of, purpose for which separation requisite, 61, 497;
of both sexes from six year-old upwards to be kept separate from other classes, 68, 108;
advancing money upon terms of surrender of one non-adult member of family on footing of, option in cases of demand for casual relief, 79;
union of strength and skill found in, for last period of apprenticeship, 149–50;
non-adults being beggars or of dangerous classes consigned to NCC on footing of, 243;
assurance of obtaining returns from nursing girls in private families while on footing of, v. after emancipation, 252–3;
comforts of, 266–71, 649–57;
comforts of matrimony allowed to, at earliest period compatible with health, 268, 653 & n.;
right possessed by, of having children taken off hands on footing of, 269, 656;
opportunities perpetual on part of officers of remarking talent on part of, 270–1, 656;
general stock of, consists of three component stocks, 306;
every infant pauper to continue on footing of, till arrival at age of maturity, 307, 489, 526;
loss of profit to private masters in instance of, of NCC, 310–11;
inured to habits of frugality, 312;
better off than fellows without doors at expiration of pg 702apprenticeship, 312, 526, 650 n., 658–9;
can not have been made productive in degree supposed without saving in poor rates, 313;
keeping, under management of NCC creates vacuum in supply of labour, 314;
coercion v. liberty of, under NCC, 318;
stimulus to exertion by, 334–6;
NCC not masters only but guardians to, 335;
desirableness of condition of, raised by Talent-cultivation principle, 527–8;
labour of, basis of profit-seeking arrangements of NCC, 538;
insurance at public expence v. taking extra children on footing of, as modes of child-maintenance provision by NCC, 602–3 n.;
bad, class to which i.h. of use in capacity of reformation-house, 611;
possess comforts of course in common with rest of i.h. population, 649–51;
liberty as security against tyranny v. lawless power in relation to, of NCC, 650 n.;
extra-comforts not desired by, through want of contrary experiences, 651. See apprentice stock, ward(s)
APPRENTICESHIP: age of commencing, leaves ten years lost to industry, 181;
law forbidding man to exercise occupation without, contrived to substitute mutual privation to mutual satisfaction, 247;
under NCC benefit to country of, will not end with, 312;
apprentice of NCC better off than fellows without doors at expiration of, 312, 526, 650 n., 658–9;
effect of institution of, under NCC on community at large, 313–5;
neat profit in case of, goes to master, 337 n.;
choice of subjects of instruction to bear reference to situation of individual during and after expiration of, 559;
law of, opposes circulation of labour, 568;
provision of detail against collusive, 578;
prophylactic medical instructions imparted in i.h. towards close of, 673–5
APPRENTICESHIP PRINCIPLE: basis of system in point of economy, 14;
appropriates labour of non-adult part of pauper-community to defraying expence of other parts of same community, 14;
eligibility of, 15;
detriment v. benefits of, to apprentices and to community at large, 15, 526;
calculation to ascertain effect on stock of hands of accumulation resulting from, 304–7;
stated, 526;
advantages of, to child and to NCC, 526
APPRENTICE STOCK: belong to permanent stock of hands, 58, 538 n.;
in, NCC possesses ore as it comes out of hand of nature, 209;
under proposed system whole of, to be depended on for long series of years, 367;
five hundred thousand added to number of paupers by accumulation of, 500;
once suitable foundation in education laid none of officers to be chosen elsewhere than out of, 527;
experiment regarding mixture of food in instance of indigenous branch of, 531;
clerks trained up out of, to deal with enquiry from employment-lacking hands, 565;
book-keepers provided from, for Poor Man's Loan office, 582;
fencible part of, trained as supplement to national defence, 613–15;
indebted to public charity for maintenance and education, 615;
employment of nursery-girls in private families post-emancipation provision for female part of, 623;
early marriages permitted and encouraged in, 626;
branches of instruction taught in i.h. disseminated along with, on emancipation, 629–30;
comforts applying exclusively to female, 657
APPROACH: description of, to i.h., 111, 508–9
APPROPRIATE-ASSORTMENT PRINCIPLE: names for, 113 n.
APPROPRIATE COMFORTS: efficient cause of, peculiar to classes in question under proposed system, 260 n.;
extended to classes ordinarily bereft of them, 644–7
APPROPRIATE ESTABLISHMENT(S): advantages of collecting insane hands of country into small number of, 24;
deaf and dumb require to be consigned to, for appropriate education, 25;
justice and economy forbid consignment of dangerous classes to, 44, 48;
to be provided for modifications of infirmity, 120, 166;
classes requiring, 153, 549;
chief purposes for which, demanded, 120, 154, 166, 549–50;
pg 703schools of instruction for medical men, 155, 161;
expence of, for insane not uncompensated, 155, 471–2;
location of three, for insane, 160;
number of deaf and dumb in kingdom not considerable enough to fill more than one or two, 160;
spot not far from Metropolis most eligible situation for, for deaf and dumb, 161;
comforts of matrimony may fall to share of deaf and dumb in, v. elsewhere, 162;
expence of appropriate instruction for blind not grudged at, 163;
allotted specially to species of infirmity but not exclusively to one, 166;
allotment of, to modifications of infirmity advantage sacrificed by division into independent establishments, 391, 680;
expence per head of insane reduced to ordinary level in set of, 471–2
ARCHITECTURE: instrument in hand of economy, 542 n.;
unexampled facilities afforded to book-keeping by plan of, 544;
perfection of system of procedure in inspection i.h. principally result of, 547–8. See inspection-architecture
ARITHMETIC: necessary inlet to other branches of instruction, 671;
never taught in i.h. but with reference to practice, 671 n. See mathematics
ASSES: kept at i.h. in sufficient number for those disqualified for self-conveyance, 607;
use of, for giving air to children beneath self-conveying age, 608
ASSOCIATION: purposes for which, requisite, 61–2;
no difficulty in, v. separation, 62;
tutelary species of, far from incompatible with cheerfulness, 70–1 n.;
habit of unmoral language exercises influence on practice in virtue of, of ideas, 74;
circumstance necessary to voluntary composition of common fund, 587;
sequestration-belt prevents apprentice-stock from promiscuous, with individuals at large, 617. See aggregation
ASSUMPTIONS: no calculation in matters of population can be carried on without use of, recognized to be wide of truth, 447–8;
object to frame, so that error they comprehend less favourable than truth, 448
ASTRONOMY: subservient to law in as far as employed for regulation of time, 184;
may be learnt by such as destined to sea, 184;
instruction on folly of judicial, not ill-bestowed, 185;
subject of instruction discarded in i.h., 677
ASYLUM: use of i.h. in capacity of, against domestic tyranny, 249–50 n., 611–12
ATTENDANCE: purpose for which appropriate establishment demanded, 154;
child requires constancy of, during first six months, 313;
on divine service condition to use of vestry-room as office of Frugality-Bank, 599;
NCC might ease Friendly Societies of burden of, 604;
on ordinary plan nurse can spare but part of time for, on children, 623;
conditions for, at lectures on animal medicine on part of superior v. inferior classes, 631
ATTORNEY-GENERAL: ex officio to move Court of King's Bench for Mandamus compelling performance of duties on part of NCC, 9, 494
AUGMENTATION: advancement of knowledge performed partly in way of, 624;
branches of science in respect of which NCC productive of, of knowledge, 624–9
AUTHORITY(IES): management of concerns of poor all over South Britain to be committed to one, 3, 488;
has charms for every human breast, 69;
framing of dietary must not be left to local, 140–1;
use of self-supply in Suffolk i.h. arrested by want of common, 146–7 n.;
of man of medical science must predominate in case of collision with conductor of economical establishment, 158;
efficacy of permanency of, as repellent to influx of burthensome poor, 282–3;
i.h. management and select-vestry management agree on permanence of, 341, 360;
no common, to compare management of pauper establishments under existing system, 351;
constitution of governing, in parishes sufficient to put negative to chance of profit, 355–68;
impermanence of, ground of incompetence in administration of Overseers, 355–7;
division of, ground of incompetence in administration of Overseers, 356, 357;
sum to be raised on public account by, of Parliament if capital offered not sufficient for pg 704formation of NCC, 379;
unity of, common to NCC and government management, 395, 682;
controuling, nowhere so useful as where never exercised, 400;
distribution of mass of employment among i.h. to be performed by general, 425;
of government v., private charity necessary to economy, 430–3;
of Governor absolute over whole establishment, 528–9;
retrenchment by reducing quantity of meat in diet proper subject for, of Parliament, 534
BANK(S): widow-provision, broken up through insufficiency of fund, 592 n.;
protraction of solvency of, too advantageous to customer depends upon influx of succeeding customers, 592 n. See frugality-bank(s)
BANKRUPTCY: strict discipline prescribed to mercantile management on pain of, 400;
rate of, of concerns in mercantile v. unmercantile hands, 454–5;
chances of, in private concern v. NCC, 455–7;
causes of, in private concerns, 456;
mischief of, in case of NCC v. private concerns, 457–8;
consequence where too much allowed in return for contribution to Friendly Societies, 597
BARRIER-WARD: defined, 500
BASTARD(S): powers given to NCC for apprehending and detaining, 5, 8;
powers given to NCC for apprehending and detaining fathers and mothers of, 6, 491;
profit by fines of fathers of, 13, 490;
mothers of new-born, obliged to continue in i.h. to give suck to another child, 32, 540;
proportion of, in parishes whose pauper population given by Eden, 93 n., 476;
mothers of, require to be kept separate from other classes, 108;
will mostly come in at birth, 296;
loss of faculty of transferring, disadvantage of independent companies v. NCC, 392, 680;
transfer of, in absence of natural connection, 476;
want of home particularly incident to, 505–6 n., 670;
transferable without reserve, 514 n., 669
BATH: to be made in land attached to i.h., 268, 652;
one serving for both sexes, 497, 652
BATHING: recreation in way of, comfort of apprentices in i.h., 268, 652 & n.
BED(S): description of, in i.h., 535;
separate, comfort extended to all classes under NCC v. existing poor houses, 640 & n.
BED-STAGE(S): dimensions of, in infirmary, 106;
of married ward, 499, 506–7;
dimensions of, for single persons, 506;
forms table for working at if reversed, 506, 526;
married, to alternate with children's, 506
BEGGAR(S): powers given to NCC for apprehending and detaining, 6;
costs of apprehension and reward to be charged against, 8, 215, 568;
Governor of i.h. to be diligent in enquiring after, 8;
idle imperfect hands possess qualification for exercising profession of, 26;
man may continue in condition of, without deviation from honesty, 34;
situation of, that of long-stayers, 58–9, 538 n., 668–9;
require to be kept separate from other classes, 108;
treatment of blind, 165, 663;
class for whose benefit Employment-Register office designed, 199;
condition of, state of freedom and idleness, 210, 568;
must be compelled to come in if mendicity to be extirpated, 210, 213–14, 568–9;
persons of, apt to be encompassed by exciting causes of disgust 211, 570;
every penny bestowed on, bounty given in discouragement of industry, 211, 254, 570;
difference in point of comfort to, between subsistence by begging and by working in i.h. v. amount of suffering produced on part of benefactors of, 211 n.;
v. thieves, 212–13, 569;
effect on comfort of, by compulsion to industry, 212–13;
power to apprehend, and convey to i.h., 214 & n., 570;
power of examination and commitment of, to Governor or Chaplain of i.h., 216, 571;
expences charged to account of, 217, 571;
restriction of liberty of employment of, on emancipation day, 217, 571;
certificate of full-emancipation of, 218, 571;
charge against, on score of reward for apprehension doubled in case pg 705of relapse, 218 & n., 571;
persons comprized under denomination of, 218–19, 572;
punishment of alms-givers would stand in way of execution of law against, 220;
divided into two species by Vagrant Act, 220–1 n.;
converting, into pauper best that could happen under existing law, 225, 573;
magistrates and constables not forward to task of consigning, to houses of correction, 225–6, 573;
means of keeping up habit of industry on part of, in i.h. v. prison, 231, 572–3;
provisions in respect of unavowed-employment hands and in respect of, go hand in hand, 233, 575;
children of, presumed to be, 243, 577;
wife of, consigned to i.h. to be consigned likewise, 243, 578;
would avoid district in which experiment of proposed system made upon small scale, 380–1;
accommodation of, under NCC v. independent companies, 389–90, 680;
want of home particularly incident to, 505–6 n., 670;
transferable, though not without reserve, 514 n., 669;
offer of service of, inserted in Employment Gazette, 571. See lazy hand(s)
BEGGING: Governor of i.h. to receive every person brought under charge of, 8;
punishments for, to be abolished, 8;
essence of common, not to be concealed, 48, 53;
species of extortion to which humane only exposed, 211, 570;
difference in point of comfort to beggar between subsistence by, and by working in i.h. v. amount of suffering produced on part of his benefactor, 211 n.;
v. stealing, 212, 570;
acceptance of alms in public sufficient proof of, 219, 572;
not to be treated as offence, 219–20, 572;
to live otherwise than by, man must possess not only inclination but power, 222;
limits to trade of, set by dimensions of market v. efficacy of law, 226, 573;
loss of sight or limb operates in towns as licence for, 430;
no scandal of, in use of Poor Man's Inns by persons under engagement, 608–9. See mendicity
BENEFICENCE: punishment extended to almsgivers prohibition of, 220;
field of, laid down in few words, 254–5
BENEFIT(S) AND BURDEN(S): great part of present burthen composed of unworthy hands, 12;
Apprenticeship principle attended with benefits to apprentices and community at large, 15;
burthen upon rateable householders would remain at utmost pitch of success, 21;
provision for distributing benefit of easement amongst parishes, 21–2;
burthen attendant on sickness to NCC v. parishes, 32;
benefit of obliging servant to take refuge in i.h. in interval between service and service, 36;
benefit to community principle purpose of compulsion of unavowed-employment hands, 49 n.;
benefit of methods of nurses at Foundling Hospital confined to individual children on whom practiced, 119;
classes by whom benefits of Employment-Register office reaped, 199;
universal benefit if all cases of escape admitted to reports from i.h., 204 n.;
system of intelligence with regard to employment and system of cheap-conveyance benefits which co-operate, 207;
before maturation of intellectual faculties compulsion for benefit of party compelled indispensable, 214 n.;
heaviest burthens become insensible by being broken down into impalpable shares, 239 n.;
provision for benefit of rising generation indispensable supplement to provision for extirpation of habitual depredation, 240–4;
division between rich and poor of benefit from pensions instituted by voluntary charity, 256–7;
extension of benefit of divine service feature of proposed system v. existing system, 260–2;
giving to each pauper undisturbed benefit of peculium source of comfort peculiar to proposed system, 262–4;
benefit of extra-comforts from peculium habitations for two persons extend far beyond expence, 265;
benefit to nation in point of wealth and hands from institution of apprenticeship under NCC, 314;
benefit of Cheapest-fare and No-fermented liquor principles advantage of NCC v. private employers, 325;
every hand got rid of under existing system regarded as burthen removed, 343;
privation of benefit of pg 706principles of management in existing i.h., 343–55;
burthen of raising supplemental capital ought to fall on rateable class of inhabitants, 381–2;
faculty of pushing up benefit derivable from division of labour advantage of NCC v. separate companies, 386, 678 n.;
interest in success of undertaking of individuals acting on own account v. trustees acting for benefit of public, 426–7;
superannuation annuity benefit adapted to all conditions and circumstances, 587;
benefits of Friendly Societies mostly confined to towns, 598–9;
benefit from Friendly Societies as important as extensive, 604–5;
consolidation of burden of maintenance cause of comfort extended to all classes, 642;
universality of benefit advantage foregone by system of local managements for poor, 678
BENEVOLENCE: appropriate establishment for deaf and dumb affords theatre for curiosity associated with 161;
principle of which force apt to fail v. love of money, 369–70;
demand for virtue of, under NCC as small as possible, 370;
weaker principle than personal interest, 427;
propensity to censure may lend aid to purposes of, 636
BIRTH: favourable to elevation of mind, 89;
NCC more at liberty with regard to destinations of persons voluntarily settled more than day's journey from places of, than in instance of persons in general, 93–4 n.;
deaf and dumb from, either ideots or of sound mind according to care bestowed on them at early part of life, 161;
appropriate establishment for children blind since, school of instruction for instructors of blind, 164;
bastards will mostly come in at, 296–7;
superoneration apt to take place at, of additional child, 297;
that every child destined not to reach purely profitable age should perish at, best thing that could happen to institution in point of economy, 449
BLACK-BOOK: punishment book, 546;
of use chiefly by its name, 549;
comparison between, of several i.h., 650 n.
BLIND: silent melancholy would not communicate itself to, 25, 72;
class of imperfect hands, 25;
persons labouring under species of deformity or disease particularly afflictive to sight form best mixture for, 26, 72, 499;
belong to permanent stock of hands, 58;
appropriate establishment proposed for, 153, 166, 499, 549;
as capable of gaining livelihood as any other persons, 163, 518–19, 663;
appropriate establishment for children blind from birth school of instruction for instructors of, 164;
fitted in appropriate establishment for obtaining employ on footing of independence, 164;
home v. i.h. v. appropriate establishment as abode of, 164–5;
treatment of, found begging, 165, 663;
number of, invariable quantity, 324;
permanence of, not to be depended on under existing system, 366;
accommodation of, under system of independent establishments v. NCC, 391;
facility of obtaining comforts of matrimony comfort extended to, 645
BLINDNESS: classes into which indigent persons afflicted with, ranged, 163;
property of, not to constitute ground of general inability, 163;
out-allowances on score of, forbidden, 164;
treatment of father afflicted by, on whom maintenance of family depends, 165
BOARD: of NCC to consist of twelve or twenty-four members, 3, 490;
demand on attention of Minister of, nominated by administration v., of NCC, 399–400, 682–3;
contracts of purchase made by i.h. suspendible by, of NCC, 529;
power of nomination to offices in i.h. placed with, of NCC, 529;
complaints against management not to be repeated by paupers after having been decided upon by general, 547
BOARDERS: good management bestowed on apprentices would procure stock of volunteers in character of, 618;
reimbursing receipts for such, as die reserves sufficient profit to NCC, 619 & n.
pg 707 BOARD OF AGRICULTURE: difficulty that attended obtaining inadequate pittance for, 405 n.;
to operate as Board of Controul over agricultural proceedings of NCC, 628
BOND: responsible housekeeper may enter into, to furnish beggar with employment after emancipation day, 217;
given by each nursery-girl for making returns of her management in families, 624
BONDAGE: private, punishment for begging under existing order, 221, 229–31, 573;
as remedy for mendicity never employed because good for nothing, 229, 574;
servitude in private, v. maintenance in i.h., 232, 574
BOND-DIVIDEND: defined, 494
BONDSMAN: advancing money on security of responsible, option in cases which produce demand for casual relief, 79;
no discharge of beggar without responsible, undertaking for his employment, 571
BOOK(S): multiplication of, renders book-keeping more simple, 543;
no two, designed as checks to one another given in charge to one hand, 543–4;
chronological v. methodical, 545–6
BOOK-KEEPING: subserviency to purpose of, result of compactness, 96, 502;
facility given to business of, in inspection i.h., 105, 106;
perfect system of, powerful engine of good management, 106, 541–9;
tabular statement principle is, reduced to quintessence, 114 n.;
concerns of NCC in relation to, 151–2;
publicity of system of, will ensure general vigilance, 208, 565–6;
method of, pursued under existing system exhibits no distinction between earnings of John and Peter, 343;
ends in view in system of, 542;
comparative or tabular, added under NCC to ordinary form of, 543;
multiplication of books renders, more simple, 543;
whatever wanting in system of, soon supplied by experience, 543 n.;
unexampled facilities afforded to, by plan of architecture, 544;
Italian, not necessary in i.h., 544–5 n.;
appropriate system of, requisite to carrying on branch of manufacturing without loss, 573 n.;
system of, requisite for Poor Man's Loan office, 582;
clear mode of, wished for in Frugality-Banks, 586;
inadequacy of Friendly Societies in relation to mode of, 600;
plan of, extended to timber, 617;
NCC productive of augmentation of knowledge in, 629;
Pauper Population Table model of, for accounts of pauper population, 687
BOUNTY(IES): man can not have lived by, without means of showing it, 67;
every shilling given to beggar, on idleness, 211;
on export and import radically incapable of answering purpose of insurance in respect of subsistence, 439–40;
relief without employment, on idleness, 454;
gratuitous, among shapes which private charity v. NCC may assume with propriety, 580
BREAD: uneconomical as article of diet, 531
BRITAIN: leading division betwixt man and man in, 167 n.;
claims of Bavaria v. call of, to Count Rumford, 377–8;
sources of assistance to, in case of need, 387 n.;
King of, might always be George, 676 n.
BROTHEL: choosing tippling house for school of frugality like choosing, for school of continence, 598
BUBBLE(S): defined, 10, 494;
precautions against, in NCC, 10, 494;
setting strength of system of i.h. to provide for own exigencies preserves all parties from danger of, 435;
NCC insured against future, by past, 458 n.
BUILDING(S): to be security of bonds issued in case of deficiency in subscriptions to NCC, 5;
NCC to erect, under name of i.h., 6;
expence of, 17;
provision for indemnification of districts loaded with expence of, 22;
form of, means of keeping plan of separation and aggregation determined on, 62;
anti-pestilential infirmary should be composed of multitude of separate, 64;
deterioration sustained by uninhabited, disadvantage of evacuating some i.h. should number of paupers pg 708prove smaller than computed number, 82;
prodigious saving produced in expence of, by inspection plan, 82–3, 513 n.;
limitation to size of, under ordinary plan of construction v. Inspection-Architecture principle, 85–6;
saving in regard to, from smallness in number of i.h., 88, 501;
in, magnificence proportioned to magnitude, 89 & n.;
points to be attended to in construction of, for purpose of i.h., 95–7, 502–3;
annular area between lodge and body of, all round, 99, 504;
single, for officers as well as paupers, 104, 504;
capacity of, of affording good management under Inspection-Architecture principle v. other plans of construction, 105-6;
suitable in quantity of room requisite for system of employment affording profit, 223–4, 573 n.;
smallness of scale of, disadvantage of existing poor-houses, 344;
want of application of Many-use principle in, disadvantage of existing poor houses, 344
BULKINESS: species of employment rendered unsuitable to system of i.h. by, of article subject of it, 411 & n., 424
BURDENSOME POOR: See dependent poor
BURIAL: ostentatious, source of demand for funds in store among self-maintaining poor, 583
CALCULATION: ill-grounded, source of profusion to which solvency of Friendly Societies exposed, 589–90;
mischief resulting from want of, in Friendly Societies vibrates between two dangers, 597 & n.
CALENDAR OF HEBE: See child's progress book
CALENDAR OF MINERVA: See school-progress book
CAPACITY: physical, v. usage to be guide in determining commencement of instruction, 556
CAPITAL: chance of NCC obtaining sufficient, more probable by smallness of shares, 3–4 n., 490 n.;
advance of, requisite at outset of NCC subject to uncertainty, 9;
precautions against applying, of NCC to speculation or monopoly, 10, 493–4;
allotted to purchase of land sufficient for maintenance of stock of hands, 16;
proportionable addition that would require to be made to quantity of, only reason for preferring smaller number of i.h. to greater, 83–4;
population of country as ratio of sum of, to sum of population during immediately preceding period, 117;
sufficient, cause of security for life in i.h. nursery, 251–2, 622–3;
no, carried out of country in cultivation of domestic colony by NCC, 320;
branches of, requisite to reap profit from child, 338;
disadvantage of existing poor houses in regard to money advanced in shape of, 344;
requisite to foundation of NCC not raised without poor rates, 374–5;
sum raised on public account by authority of Parliament supposing offered quantity of, not sufficient for formation of NCC, 379;
any quantity of, raised by voluntary subscription sufficient to give proposed plan advantage v. plan on public account, 379, 396, 682;
minimum of, sufficient for institution of proposed system by authority of Parliament, 379–80 & n.;
burthen of raising supplementary, to fall on rateable inhabitants, 381–2;
options to Parliament supposing, offered not sufficient, 383–4;
magnitude of fixt, required and fitness of species of employment to i.h., 409, 417;
extraordinary magnitude of, circumstance leading to profit above ordinary level, 417;
care to be taken that quantity of, requisite for system of employment in i.h. as small as possible, 423;
at stake in NCC v. Philanthropic Society, 454 n.;
annihilation of burden of raising, reason for vesting management of poor in joint-stock company, 488 n.
CAPRICE: affection of natural parent clouded by, 170, 650 n.;
fashion and, bear undisputed sway in world at large v. system of i.h., 435;
distinction between superior and inferior prices of meat result of, 534
pg 709 CASUAL DEPREDATORS: to be kept separate from unavowed-employment hands, 498
CASUAL-STAGNATION HANDS: example of, 36;
belong to coming-and-going stock of hands, 58, 538 n., 668;
class for whose benefit Employment-Register office principally designed, 199, 665
CAUSE(S): efficient, of comforts of apprentices of NCC, 266–71, 651–6;
attractive v. repulsive, with regard to influx of burthensome poor, 280–1;
efficacy of repulsive, with regard to influx of burthensome poor, 281–4;
tending to raise v. sink price of grain, 291 & n.;
of indigence among children within self-maintaining age, 296–8;
from whence encrease of value of children derived, 310–12;
of greatness of expence and smallness of produce in existing poor houses, 344–68;
plan properly termed Utopian supposes great effects without adequate, 374 & n.;
by which price of commodities influenced, 421 n.;
of bankruptcy in private mercantile concerns, 456;
not difficult to find for choice of subject-matters in education of affluent, 557 n.;
fund secure against, of failure wished for in Frugality-Banks, 586;
inadequacy of Friendly Societies in relation to solidity against, of failure, 589–93;
efficient, of corruption and reformation, 609;
efficient, of comforts extended to all classes in i.h., 637–43;
efficient, of appropriate comforts, 644–5;
of title to extra-comforts, 647–9
CELEBRITY(IES): periodical, might defray salary of music-master, 137 n.;
periodical, means of collecting benefactions applied under auspices of NCC, 266, 647 & n.
CELIBACY: time suffered to pass away in, which might have been passed in social state lost to happiness, 653–4 n.
CELLS: expence of solitary, enormous in poor house, 69;
double, for married couple alternating with, for children of unobserving age, 499
CENSURE: exemption from unnecessary, desired in i.h., 96;
propensity to, may lend aid to purposes of benevolence, 636
CENSUS(ES): universal register perpetual, of inhabitants of kingdom, 238;
of paupers published by Eden, 292;
observations on table of ages constructed from Eden's, 292–6
CENTRAL-INSPECTION PRINCIPLE: See inspection-architecture principle
CERTAINTY: punishments excessive in magnitude to make up for what we deprive them of in, 51;
of employment furnished by NCC v. uncertainty of free employment, 209;
exertion and, of smaller reward v. chance of larger one, 523;
punishment less severe in inspection i.h. in proportion as, more entire, 547–8;
habit of depredation inferred with, from want of honest means of livelihood coupled with non-exercise of mendicity, 575
CERTIFICATE: of behaviour of nursing girl in service of NCC necessary recommendation for service in private families, 253, 624;
use of i.h. regimen to divers classes in character of, of good behaviour, 612
CHANCERY, COURT OF: private trustees render no account but to, 632
CHAPLAIN: head, to officiate as secretary, 136;
pay of, 136, 511 n.;
portion of sinecure dignities to be reserved for head, of i.h., 136 n., 530;
officer for first offence reprimanded by, in presence of Governor, 139;
power of examination and commitment of beggar to Governor or, 216, 571;
hands of, kept pure from pecuniary interest, 216 n.;
constant presence of, efficient cause of comfort, 266–7;
cases where veto of, sufficient to suspend execution of order of Governor, 529;
recording angel of red-book, 549;
children of confined hands consigned to i.h. till trial of parent at discretion of, 577;
tables exhibiting rates of mortality made under care of, 622
CHARACTER(S): as well as milk required in wet-nurse, 33;
justice v. injustice of refusal of, to servants by masters, 34–5;
i.h. sort of conservatory for, 36, 612;
power pg 710to NCC to require of employers attestation of, 47;
Guardian Elders individuals of blameless, 68;
references for, required from working hands advertizing in Employment Gazette, 200, 563–4;
advantage of man whose, bears enquiry v. man deficient in, 201, 613;
low wages natural punishment of bad, 202;
man may give other references if he chooses not to abide by, given at i.h., 208, 566;
loss of, incurred by aggregation to class of beggars, 212;
house of correction drives away employers by destroying, 225;
essence of i.h. to be open to persons of all, 410;
employment fit only for persons of good, unsuitable for i.h., 412, 424;
ability with regard to labour of persons unable to obtain work through badness of, lost in this country, 429–30;
private charity essentially incompetent to cases of persons exposed to indigence by badness of, 432–3;
exemplary, before admission ground of title to extra-comforts, 647
CHARITY: of individuals neither disposed nor competent to turn to account labour of insane, 156–7;
observations by minister on report from i.h. during divine service would strengthen connection between, and religion, 204–5;
voluntary, wished for under proposed system, 253–4, 580;
encouragement to idleness great mischief produced by voluntary, 254;
distribution between rich and poor of benefit from pensions instituted by voluntary, 256–7;
this country only nation in which, constituted universal duty, 257;
as end v. economy as means, 259, 637;
envy and asceticism not less predominant than, 260;
reasonable that indigent should be dependent on voluntary, for extra-comforts v. existence, 265;
purposes to which private, may be applied under NCC, 265;
persons in whose favour private, may be applied under NCC, 265–6;
specious notion that, opposed to pecuniary benefit, 371–2;
and economy antagonizing yet harmonizing principles, 398 n.;
authority of government v. private, indispensable to economy, 430–3;
private, inadequate to case of non-adults, 431–2;
private, incompetent to persons exposed to indigence by badness of characters, 432–3;
combination of Self-liberation principle with Earn-first principle reconciles voluntary, with industry and complsory, with justice, 552;
frugality virtue which stands paramount to, 600;
officiating as trustee mode in which NCC may afford assistance to private, 632;
use to private, of list of extra-comforts, 634–5;
extirpation of mendicity great assistance to purposes of private, 636
CHASTITY: said to be no, where no prostitution, 54;
utility of i.h. regimen to out-of-place servants of female sex as preservation of, and reputation of, 612
CHEMISTRY: officers not to enter office till they have attended courses of instruction in, 138;
no science more universally useful than, 189–90, 672 n.;
handmaid of frugality, 189;
utility of, v. Greek, 190;
want of knowledge in line of, cause of disadvantage of existing poor houses, 348;
branch of science in respect of which NCC productive of augmentation of knowledge, 626–8
CHILD(REN): conditions of receipt of, by NCC, 8, 243, 526, 577–8;
savings in relation to, under NCC, 13, 310;
expence of, v. adult, 27–8, 472;
apparent v. potential value of, 29, 269–70 n., 309–12, 334, 481–2, 538–9 n., 664;
treatment of, in Gilbert's plan, 29–30 n.;
of innocent and unobserving age make best neighbours to married couples, 73, 108–9, 499;
little pressure in point of room created by encrease in number of, v. adults, 78;
removal to distant counties of, at command with regard to place, 94–5;
of suspected classes to be kept separate from other classes 108;
methods of bringing home value of, in shape of profit and loss to persons on whose management life of, depends, 115–18, 516–18;
effective humanity in giving every, value, 116–17 n.;
vitality among, brought up by Foundling Hospital result of use of Duty-and-Interest-junction principle, 119;
no employment, competent to allotted to adults till whole stock of, provided for, 120, 519;
success in regard to multitude of, reared case to which Peculiar-premium principle particularly applicable, 124–5;
pg 711asylum for deaf and dumb, 162 n.;
class of, blind from birth creates demand for establishment appropriated to employment and instruction, 164–5;
situation of, of public v. individuals, 169–71, 650–1 n.;
exercises v. lucrative employments as occupations necessary to health and strength of, 172–7;
diminution to happiness of, by being debarred from amusement depends on experience or inexperience thereof, 180;
nothing so perfect as subjection of new-born, to parents, 186 n.;
cases of escape of, from parents to be admitted to reports from i.h., 204 n., 567;
of beggars living with parents presumed to be beggars, 243, 577;
presumption that parent best guardian of, fails in case of disreputable classes, 244 n., 578;
emoluments of nurses in i.h. nursery composed of head-money for survivors of, under their care, 251;
right possessed by apprentices of having, taken off hands on footing of apprentices, 269, 656;
can not be taken from parents without consent without stretch of power destructive of security, 271 n.;
within self-maintaining age only reduced to indigence by circumstances affecting parents, 296–8;
super-oneration apt to take place at birth of additional, 297;
NCC can not prevent delinquencies of which dereliction of, consequence, 299;
all, of each age supposed born on same day, 305 & n.;
wife and, too often left in indigence while husband at alehouse, 311;
situation of youth of male sex in inferior classes similar to that of spoilt, in opulent classes, 311;
poverty favourable to production v. preservation of, 312–13;
additional chance given to, by guardianship of NCC, 313;
independent poor will find it proportionably easy to breed up, by rise of wages of husbandry, 313;
reasons why, not source of profit to parents, 337–9, 538–9 n.;
branches of capital requisite to reap profit from, 338;
discharged from places of community-maintenance as soon as arrived at self-maintaining age, 342;
loss of life to, loss of money to NCC, 353 n.;
loss of faculty of transferring deserted, disadvantage of independent companies v. NCC, 392;
provision made by private charity inadequate to case of, 431–2;
reduction in demand for labour of independent hands from direction of dependent poor to self-supply might be affected by deterring, from coming into business v. driving grown persons out of it, 436–7;
quarter of, die within first month in Chester, 448;
that, destined not to reach profitable age should perish at birth best thing in point of economy, 448–9;
home-provision will not do for destitute classes of, 482;
want of home particularly incident to, deserted by parents, 505 n.;
deserted by both parents transferable without reserve, 514 n., 669;
dead, does not give trouble, 517 n.;
advantages of Apprenticeship principle to, 526;
to be employed in instruction of their fellows, 527;
expences of average, among self-maintaining poor in Glasgow, 531, 585 n.;
value of male, from birth up to twenty-one, 538 n., 664;
two, to be suckled by each woman delivered in i.h., 540;
NCC guardians in respect of well-being of, 551;
strong exercises necessary to development of strength in, 554;
by no means happiest whose amusement most studied, 555 n.;
contribution to Frugality-Bank convertible into annuity during time each, continues under certain age, 587;
use of asses for giving air and exercise to, beneath self-conveying age, 608;
bad, class to which i.h. of use in capacity of reformation-house, 611;
would stand as security for expence of board, 620;
classes to whom eligible to have, taken care of for first years, 621;
on ordinary plan nurse can spare but part of time for attendance on, 623;
no transition from rural liberty to town confinement in case of, of NCC v., boarded by London parishes, 651 n.;
lodging and employment of, on Suffolk plan v. Pitt's plan, 689–91
CHILD-BURDENED HANDS: belong to coming-and-going stock of hands, 58, 538 n., 668
CHILD-MAINTENANCE PROVISION: source of demand for funds in store among self-maintaining poor, 583;
peculiar to single males in respect of laying up means of pg 712supply, 583–4 n.;
insurance at public expence v. taking of extra-children on footing of apprentices as modes of, 602–3 n.
CHILD'S PROGRESS BOOK: source of information for augmentation of knowledge in child-management, 627;
heads for, 627 n.
CHINA: Emperor of, appears in public setting hand to plough, 239–40 n.;
marriages observed to be prolific as well as early in, 654–5 n.
CHOICE: undivided management affords means of indulgence in vicinity to connections formed by, 393;
of persons for filling offices head under which superiority of NCC v. government conspicuous, 401–2;
of spots for sites of i.h. under NCC v. government, 402–4;
v. coercion and propriety of unwholesome employments, 414;
utility v. usage guide in, of subject-matters for instruction, 557 & n.
CLASS(ES): least likely to receive annoyance each from other placed near one another, 72–3, 499–500;
marked in preference for exclusion from house should eventual number prove larger than computed number, 80–1;
that require to be kept separated from each other at all times, 108;
in Britain men distinguished into two, 167 n.;
by whom benefits of Employment-Register office reaped, 199;
nothing in condition of highest, prohibitive of use of i.h. nursery for first year or two of life, 250;
numbers of poor maintained by NCC distinguished into two, 272;
of pauper to which want of home particularly incident, 505–6 n.;
thirty-three, may be kept in state of perfect separation from each other in inspection i.h., 510;
in relation to diet paupership habit adjusted to habits of best paid, 532–3;
requiring appropriate establishments, 549;
to be distinguished in offers in Employment Gazette, 564;
to whom i.h. of use in capacity of reformation-house, 611;
utility of i.h. regimen to divers, in character of certificate of good behaviour, 612;
to whom eligible to have children taken care of for first years, 621–2;
conditions for attendance at lectures on medicine as applied to animals on part of superior v. inferior, 631;
comforts extended to all, 637–43;
lot of apprentices of NCC v. youth among superior, 650–1 n.;
view of proportional numbers between, and, object in contrivance of Pauper Population Table, 686. See working class(es)
CLEANLINESS: end to which occupations directed in i.h., 551;
subservient to health, comfort, and faculty of pleasing, 551;
constant, cause of security in respect of health, 638;
constant, comfort extended to all classes, 639
CLERGYMEN: visitation by magistrates and, of district, 138, 530;
may make up proportion of governing body in Select Vestry establishment, 361
CLOTHING: indulgence in article of, may be afforded to past-prosperity hands at small expence, 56–7;
proportionable expence of, and bedding v. diet, 145;
estimate necessary of proportion in value between materials and workmanship upon articles of, 145;
swimming to be practised first without, afterwards under encumbrance of, 174;
expence of, charged to account of beggar, 217, 571;
melioration in article of, purpose to which private charity applied under NCC, 265;
principle of self-supply applied to articles of, in some existing poor houses, 348–9 n.;
consumption in article of, encreased by new plan of provision, 436;
points to be attended to in regard to, 534;
all made by strength of i.h., 535;
extra-allowance in way of, item of extra-comfort, 646
CLOGS: saving on score of, 131, 534–5
CLOISTER: sort of, formed by approach to i.h., 111;
paved with brick or stone, 111, 508;
bedridden and infant part of population might receive air and exercise in, 509
COERCION: of unavowed-employment hands measure of precaution and security v. punishment, 49 n.;
mode of, ascribed to Dutch police, 130 n.;
reasons for employing, in extirpation of mendicity sufficient in relation to interest of community or beggar, 210–14, 569–70;
for benefit of party compelled indispensable before maturation of pg 713intellectual faculties, 214 n.;
not proposed for benefit of individuals subjected to it in case of beggars, 214 n.;
more necessary in case of habitual depredation than in case of mendicity, 233, 575;
ceases under NCC at same period as in community at large, 318;
choice v., and propriety of unwholesome employments, 414;
idea of, removed by Fellow-instruction principle, 527;
bodily, unnecessary where starving comes in lieu of it, 569 n.;
in inspection i.h. no exercise of, but what universally known, 650 n.
COHABITATION: received as presumptive proof of marriage, 243, 578
COLD: exemption from excessive, desired in i.h., 95, 502
COLLATERAL BENEFIT(S): shape of, capable of being ingrafted on system of provision for burdensome poor, 560;
burden of management required by, v. burden sustained by East India Company, 560–1;
supplement to system of national defence, deducible from i.h. system without expence, 613–16
COLLATERAL ESTABLISHMENTS: enumerated 9, 492–3;
may defray own expence, 9, 560;
instance of application of polychrest principle, 135;
could not be brought into existence without NCC, 375;
cut to pieces under system of independent companies, 393–4, 679–80
COLONIZATION: benefits of i.h. system continued by, when land in this country exhausted, 270 n., 321 n.
COLONY(IES): grand absorbents of blood and capital, 40;
NCC as domestic, v. foreign, 320–1
COMBINATIONS: to prevent, use of Employment-Register office, 199, 565;
Employment Gazette will counteract effect of, in which town servants engage, 206–7;
for sinister purposes mischief to which management of Friendly Societies liable to give birth, 600–1;
said to exist among societies composed of London servants, 601 n.;
no military force equally proof against seductions and, as corps constituted by NCC apprentice stock, 614
COMFORT(S): in case of suspected hands care due to security of public as well as to, of individual, 46;
provision of peculiar, made for aged couple by privilege of choosing partner for peculium hut, 65, 264–5;
excluded from condition of paupers in Carlisle poor house by company of ideots and vagrants, 72 n.;
point to be attended to in construction of i.h., 95–6, 502;
privacy skreens interposable for, in as far as inspection not necessary, 104;
of matrimony may fall to deaf and dumb in appropriate establishment v. elsewhere, 162;
difference to beggar in point of, between subsistence by begging and by working in i.h. v. amount of suffering produced on part of his benefactors, 211 n.;
considerable loss in point of, to beggar by compulsion to industry, 212–13;
may result from getting rid of inveterate habits, 213;
eleemosynary foundations add to, of society when instituted without disappointment of existing expectations, 254;
measure of, produced by money distributed in way of extra-relief to relative indigence v. money left to descend in course of law, 256;
sense of, not in proportion to money allotted to purchase of, but in proportion to attention with which money applied, 259, 637;
giving to each pauper benefit of peculium source of, peculiar to proposed system, 262–4;
and efficient causes of, of apprentices in i.h., 266–71, 651–6;
of matrimony allowed at earliest period compatible with health in case of apprentices, 268–9, 553, 653;
without sufficiency effect without cause, 270 n.;
loss of profit v. gain in, to apprentices of NCC who would otherwise have worked on own account, 310–12;
of people depends on extent to which, of matrimony enjoyed v. expensiveness of diet, 314–15 n.;
plan required to reduce expence to minimum while raising condition of pauper community to maximum in point of, 375;
substitution of divided to undivided management inauspicious to, of pauper community, 392–3, 680;
vicinity to connections formed by choice grand article of pauper, 393;
pg 714of apprentice stock increased by Talent-cultivation principle, 526;
on part of pupils increased by Fellow-instruction principle, 527;
end in view in system of book-keeping, 542;
end to which occupations to be directed in i.h., 551;
positive causes of discomfort being excluded, natural concomitant of occupations in i.h., 553&n.;
but another word for happiness considered with reference to moment, 553 n.;
productive labour not incompatible with, 553 n., 555;
no portion of time to be directed exclusively to single purpose of, 555–6;
each article of, to have receiving-box for contributions of private charity, 634;
extended to all classes, 637–43;
applying exclusively to female part of apprentice stock, 657. See Appropriate comforts, extra-comfort(s)
COMING-AND-GOING STOCK: v. standing stock 57–8, 538 n., 668;
demand for separation on score of education grounded on distinction between indigenous and quasi-indigenous stock v. extraneous and, of non-adult class, 74–5, 497, 498, 499;
employments for, found by breaking down system of movements in line of manufacture, 368;
but for separation, might excite hankerings for emancipation in indigenous stock, 498;
to wear uniform while in i.h., 535
COMMON LAW: questions of self-criminative tendency authorized by statute law contrary to practice of, 51–2;
distinguishing characteristic of, not to be possessed of determinate set of words wherein to exhibit itself, 185;
no other sacrifice of liberty of apprentices under NCC than that exacted by, from earliest periods, 318;
says that man embarking small part of fortune in mercantile concern has embarked whole of it, 457
COMMUNICATION: may take place by voice or eye, 62;
suspected classes to be interdicted from, with i.h. community at large, 68;
annular area means of, by staircases thrown across it, 99;
cloister in approach to i.h. would afford sheltered, to inhabitants of cottages, 111;
between different classes of insane never to be permitted, 155;
corruptive, prevented by separation of individuals, 498;
chain of telegraphic, kept up at small expence, 616
COMMUNITY(IES): dangerous paupers require relief for their own sake and for sake of, 44;
benefit of, principal purpose of compulsion of unavowed-employment hands, 49 n.;
sickness not casual with reference to whole, v. in individual instances, 78;
in, apparent importance rises in proportion to multitude, 89;
mischiefs of which mendicity productive to, 210–12;
calculation of numbers in, at large v. Pauper, 302 n.;
effect of institution of apprenticeship under NCC on condition of, at large, 313–15;
coercion ceases under NCC at same period as in, at large, 318;
substitution of divided to undivided management inauspicious to comforts of pauper, 392–3;
family, purpose for which aggregation requisite, 497;
poor compose nineteen twentieths of, 550;
steadiness of management in subordinate, what security of property in, at large, 642. See public
COMMUNITY-OF-INTEREST PRINCIPLE: see Interest-and-duty-junction principle
COMPACTNESS: convenience with regard to work and subserviency to book-keeping results of, 96, 502;
advantage arising from construction of i.h., 98–9, 544
COMPANY(IES): fitness for preventing intrusion of prohibited, point to be attended to in plan of i.h., 96, 503;
deaf and dumb very convenient, for each other, 160;
purely charitable v. mercantile, always in in danger of relaxation, 369–70;
subscribers should be formed into one, supposing capital ready to be subscribed in sufficient quantity, 379;
question as between single, and plurality of independent, 383–95, 678–81;
independent, will go on spinning and weaving against each other till spinning and weaving have lost value, 388, 679;
system of independent, would reduce within narrow compass apprenticeship system, 392
pg 715COMPETITION: every trader prepared to cope with reduction in profit effected by, of individuals v. powers of government, 417;
care to be taken in choice of businesses for i.h. to do as little prejudice as may be in way of, to interests of master-employers and working hands already engaged in businesses, 424–5;
value in use not susceptible of being reduced by, v. value in exchange, 520;
customer gainer by, between petty Frugality-Banks and General Frugality-Bank, 606
COMPLAINT(S): list of, read over before paupers at each visitation, 138;
utmost degree of publicity given to, in i.h. v. private bondage, 232;
objects of, to pauper inhabitants of i.h., 546;
provision against suppression of, 547;
case of, by pauper against stranger, 548
COMPLAINT-BOOK: publicity of, will ensure general vigilance, 208;
efficient cause of comfort, 267–8;
power to visitors to inspect, 530;
idea of, 546–7
COMPLEMENTAL SUCCESSIONISTS: defined, 295 n., 444
COMPLEMENTAL SUCCESSIONIST STOCK: component of general stock of apprentices of NCC, 306;
destined to fill gaps made by death in Aboriginal stock, 306
COMPOST HEAP: soil troughs emptied weekly upon, 133
COMPREHENSIVENESS: inadequacy of Friendly Societies in relation to, 594–5
COMPULSION: See Coercion
CONCEALMENT: occasional, of governed from eye of governing class purpose for which separation necessary, 497
CONCOURSE-ATTRACTION PRINCIPLE: branch of principle of publicity, 518;
stated, 518;
musical instruction augments efficiency of, 676 n.
CONDITION(S): donation of public charity without, cause of difference between number who derive subsistence from public charity and number who need it, 280;
allotment of individuals to i.h. to be accompanied by legal powers necessary to acceptance of, of maintenance, 425, 568–9;
offer of employment made by benevolent hands clogged with, v. offer from unbenevolent hands, 428;
of apprentice of NCC more than upon par in point of happiness with that of individual of same age in world at large, 526
CONDITION IN LIFE: depends on breath of law, 186;
better and better in ratio of stock of ways and means to that of wants, 618
CONFINED-AbILITY HANDS: defined and enumerated, 536–7 n., 670;
direction of machinery committed to, in operations of husbandry, 672 n.
CONFINED HANDS: under existing system do not belong to i.h. establishment, 556;
class for whose benefit Employment-Register office designed, 199;
children of, consigned to i.h. till trial of parent at discretion of chaplain, 577;
use of Poor Man's carriage-stages to, 609
CONFINEMENT: i.h. must enclose place of occasional, 227;
expiration of term of, ground for consigning stigmatized or suspected hands to i.h., 237;
solitary, good not for diet but for medicine, 610 n.;
natural for men to prefer liberty to, 562;
no transition from rural liberty to town, for children of NCC, 651 n.
CONGREGATION: every thing indicative of occupation of working day out of view of, at time of divine service, 109, 503
CONNECTION(S): domestic, and permanent source of employment may place man labouring under epilepsy above need of public charity, 28;
permanent v. transient, suitable to some situations in life, 54;
association requisite for natural relationship and family, 61–2;
between personal interest and public duty susceptible of variety of shapes, 115–16;
vicinity to, formed by choice grand article of pauper comforts, 393;
absence of natural, might afford room for transferring destitute infants to proper situations, 476;
between ends of occupations in i.h., 551–2;
considerable proportion of self-maintaining poor stationed at distance from dearest, 606
pg 716CONSCIOUSNESS: of superior probability of long life and health comfort extended to all classes, 639;
of security against want comfort extended to all classes, 639
CONSCRIPTION: military, in Russia, Austria, and Prussia v. training of apprentice stock as supplement to system of national defence, 614–15
CONSTABLE(S): bound to apprehend beggars and convey them to i.h., 214, 570;
division of reward for apprehension of beggar between, and informer, 215, 571;
not forward to task of consigning beggars to houses of correction, 225–6, 573;
oath of, that he believes person not to have honest means of lively-hood, 237 n.
CONSTITUTION(S): attention due to differences in, in allocation of employments, 415–16;
some, kept in state of perpetual intoxication by small beer, 525;
exempt from collateral inconveniences incident to association wished for in Frugality-Banks, 586–7
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: system of instruction under head of, short sermon on text study to be quiet, 193–6
CONSTRUCTION: limitation to size of building under ordinary plan of, v. Inspection-Architecture principle, 85–6;
points to be attended to in, of building for purpose of i.h., 95–7;
advantages arising from several points of, of i.h., 98–100;
inspection plan of, indispensable in case of insane above all others, 157;
plan of, adapted to purpose of inspection cause of security for life in i.h. nursery, 251
CONSUMERS: people at large in capacity of, benefit from Employment-Register office, 199 &n.;
stabilitation of wages favourable to interests of, 566 n.
CONTACT: separation as against, desirable for security of governing body, 73
CONTENT: causes for, to be inculcated in i.h., 193, 675–6 n.
CONTIGUITY: sight not consequence of, on inspection plan, 72;
slight solution in, in architecture sufficient for personal security of governing body, 73
CONTRACT: v. partnership v. salary as arrangements for enforcing economy, 516
CONTRIBUTION(S): not least spark of benevolence required on part of those from whose, fund of NCC formed, 370;
contributor to Frugality-Bank at liberty to pay, according to convenience, 587;
shapes into which, to Frugality-Bank convertible, 587–9;
amount of, to Friendly Societies very small compared to earnings, 596
CONVENIENCE: with regard to work, property desired in i.h., 96;
scale of dealing as large or small as, of customer can require, property wished for in Frugality-Banks, 586;
contributor to Frugality-Bank at liberty to pay contribution in small sums according to, 587;
no indulgence shown to individual, by Friendly Societies in respect of times for receipt or payment, 599
CONVERSATION: of corrupted class would turn upon boasts of former achievements without admixture from class regarded as corruption-proof, 69;
deaf and dumb apposite neighbours to men and women of profligate, 72–3, 499;
extraneous stock not to be considered as upon footing with indigenous after age at which faculty of, established, 74;
children of disreputable classes not exposed to father's, unless in presence of officer, 578
CONVEYANCE: expence of, charged to pauper applying to parish government for relief, 7;
expences of, in case of paupers unable to walk to i.h. fall ultimately on paupers according to self-liberation plan, 86;
saving in expence of, of hands advantage to NCC depending on multitude of i.h., 87;
expence of, charged to account of beggar, 217 &
n., 571;
augmenting stock of means of cheap, purpose to which private charity applied under NCC, 265;
advantage derivable from Labour-division principle limited by extent of field within which advantage reaped without being swallowed up by expences of, 346 n., 520;
expence of, would eat up large part of value of cottage, 581;
system of cheap, cause of comfort extended to all classes, 642
pg 717CONVICTS: of worst sort eat meat seven days out of seven v. dependent poor v. independent poor, 533 n.
CORFE CASTLE: proportion of insane in population table for parish of, 157;
register of inhabitants of, sample of universal register, 238 n., 692
CORN: See Wheat
CORRECTION: is punishment, 51;
convicted v. unconvicted have experience of, 66;
nothing in either relief or, that renders them incapable of being administered within same walls, 613;
quantity of, administered in school v. i.h. of NCC depends on temper of master, 650 n.
CORRUPTION: preservation against moral, object most attended to by reformers, 62;
extirpated by infusion of proper mixture of Guardian Elders into unchaste ward, 71 n.;
preservation from moral, purpose for which indigenous stock require to be kept in state of separation from extraneous stock, 74;
multitude of persons whose decrepitude sufficient security against, advantage possessed in poor houses v. prisons, 107;
preservation of morals from, purpose for which separation necessary, 497;
separate establishment not necessary as against, 500;
efficient causes of, v. reformation, 609;
perfect absence of causes of, essence of proposed i.h. v. prison, 609–10
COST(S): See Expenses(s)
COTTAGE(S): felicity and innocence in, v. i.h., 270–1 n.;
separate, means of separation, 497;
description of out-lying, 508–9;
giving increase to number of outlying, means of extension of i.h., 511–13;
expence of conveyance would eat up large part of value of, 581;
post does not reach, of poor in all places, 606–7;
number of outlying, may be extended by demand created by persons able and willing to pay rent, 646–7. See Peculium hut(s), pest-hut(s)
COURT(S): refusal to examine parties in common law, 548 n.;
examination of parties in equity, 548 n.
CRIBS: set of child's, placed between married couples bed-places, 108;
suspended by horizontal poles during exercise, 540
CRICKET: as exercise evidently out of place in i.h., 175–6
CRIMINALS: labour by unhappy association considered special lot of, 156;
power of Inspection-House principle to be tested by experiment in making provision for maintenance and employment of, 376–7
CRIMINATION: where no punishment inflicted result of enquiry not susceptible of name of, 52
CRIPPLES: in many instances belong to the permanent stock of hands, 58;
number of, invariable quantity, 324;
accommodation of, under system of independent establishments v. NCC, 391
CROWN: part of direction of NCC to consist of uninterested persons of high account at nomination of, 4;
power to, to reduce dividend of NCC, 10
CULTURE: improvidence may be reduced v. extirpated by, 38;
among poor mental part of infant frame left entirely without, 171;
principal questions with regard to, of mental faculties, 181–3;
natural talents manifesting in extraordinary degree among apprentices of NCC to receive appropriate, 526, 656;
Sabbath day for, of mind, 553–4 n.
CURIOSITY: in building upon inspection plan, might receive gratification without wounding feelings of persons observed, 153;
appropriate establishment for deaf and dumb will afford theatre for, associated with benevolence, 161;
Chapel only part of Foundling Hospital into which, of multitude can penetrate, 353 n.
CUSTOM: casual want of, incident bringing prostitutes to i.h., 53, 655–6;
v. reason, only guide habitually consulted, 97–8 n.;
taking, for guide cause of disadvantage of existing poor houses, 345, 347
pg 718CUSTOMER(S): scale of dealing commensurate to pecuniary faculties of, wished for in Frugality-Banks, 586;
terms of dealing sufficiently advantageous to, wished for in Frugality-Banks, 586;
places of transacting business adapted to conveniency of, wished for in Frugality-Banks, 586;
protraction of solvency of bank too advantageous to, to be secure depends upon influx of succeeding, 592 n.;
inadequacy of Friendly Societies in accommodation of scale of dealing to pecuniary faculties of, 596–7;
indequacy of Friendly Societies in advantage to, from terms of dealing, 597, could not but be gainer by competition between petty Frugality-Banks and General Frugality-Bank, 606
DAMP: freedom from, point to be attended to in construction of i.h., 95, 502
DANCE: better that sexes not intermingle in exercises of, at age approaching that of marriage, 270–1 n.;
subject of instruction for inferior age in i.h., 676
DEAF AND DUMB: obstreperous maniacs screened from view afford no annoyance to, 24–5, 26, 72;
class of imperfect hands, 25;
ideots or of sound mind according as put in possession or left destitute of appropriate education, 25, 161, 663;
to be consigned to appropriate establishment for sake of education, 25–6, 499, 549–50;
belong to permanent stock of hands, 58;
apposite neighbours to men or women of profligate conversation, 73, 499;
appropriate establishment proposed for, 153, 166, 499, 549;
number of, in kingdom not considerable enough to fill more than one or two appropriate establishments, 160;
education of, art of itself, 160;
very convenient company for each other, 160;
appropriate establishment for, school for medical science, 161;
by help of suitable education just as capable of earning own maintenance as other persons, 161–2, 663;
comforts of matrimony may fall to share of, in appropriate establishment v. elsewhere, 162, 645;
number of, invariable quantity, 324;
accommodation of, under independent establishments v. NCC, 391, 680;
ability to work entire on part of, 518–19
DEAFNESS: dumbness necessary consequence where, at birth total and appropriate education not bestowed, 25;
runs in some measure in families, 162 n.
DEALERS: speculations of, make provision against ordinary v. extraordinary dearth, 439
DEARTH: number of burthensome poor might receive sudden encrease from year of, 82;
speculations of dealers and growers make provision against ordinary v. extraordinary, 439
DEATH: obligation to exercise unwholesome employments condemnation to slow, 414;
stock regularly decreasing by, v. stock keeping up numbers unchanged, 453
DEBT(S): bad, cause of bankruptcy in private mercantile concerns v. NCC, 456;
payable by i.h. v. prisons, 609, 666;
precedent, might be worked out upon self-liberation plan, 610–11
DEBTORS: use of Poor Debtor's Pass-houses to, 609;
option to, to bait at i.h. or public house, 609;
payment of precedent debts by, on self-liberation plan, 610–11
DECAYED GENTILITY: ground of title to extra-comforts, 647;
aggravated modification of past prosperity, 648 n.
DECAYED-GENTILITY HANDS: private begging may exist on part of, 48;
opinion joins with habit in adding to mass of wants created by nature in case of, 648 n.
DECENCY: separation requisite for preservation of, 61, 497, 498;
on score of, children of unobserving age make best neighbours for married couples, 73;
privacy skreens interposable for comfort or, in as far as inspection not necessary, 104;
partition between males and females in infirmary no higher than for, 106;
provided for without sacrifice of space in disposal of married couples at bed times, 108–9, 499;
bath in land attached to i.h. clear from objection on score of, 268, 652
pg 719DECREMENTALISTS: defined, 295 n., 443;
number of successionists equal to number of, 302;
place of, in course of first year filled up by sum total of individuals brought into existence in course of same year, 303–4;
calculation of, for Age one, 450;
to obtain numbers born in course of period add to observed co-existing numbers number of, for that age, 452–3;
term derived from Price, 479 n.
DECREPITUDE: multitude of persons whose, security against corruption advantage possessed in poor houses v. prisons, 107. See Old age
DEFENCE: mixture of employments with regard to profit and national, 121;
supplement to system of national, collateral benefit of i.h. system, 613–16
DEFICIENCY: sum of money to be raised on bonds in case of, in amount of subscriptions to NCC, 5;
of data in case of superannuation-provision and widow-maintenance-provision can not be supplied without aid of government, 589–90
DELINQUENCY: no just punishment without conviction of, 51;
wishes of legislator with regard to prostitution v. every other species of, 53–4;
NCC can not prevent, of which dereliction of children consequence, 299;
known instant committed in inspection i.h., 547;
rare in proportion as punishment certain, 547–8
DELINQUENTS'PASS-HOUSE(S): collateral establishment itinerary, 9, 493;
convenience in respect of use of i.h. in quality of, advantage to public depending on multitude of i.h., 87;
persons to whom, of use, 609
DEMAND(S): no local establishment can adapt itself to fluctuations to which, for employment is liable, 37;
for separation on score of education grounded in distinction between indigenous and quasi-indigenous v. extraneous and coming-and-going stock of non-adult class, 65–6;
casual out-allowances and, for lodging-room in i.h., 77–80;
difference between summer and winter great source of casual, for relief, 78;
Employment Gazette sufficient remedy for, for relief arising from casual stagnation, 78;
quantum of, for relief resulting from sickness never admits of considerable disparity, 78;
options possessed by administration of i.h. in cases which produce, for casual relief, 78–9;
no superflux in, for relief can be loss to NCC, 80;
ripening of unripe hands would produce encrease in, for room, 81;
superior, for labour purpose for which NCC might transfer hands, 87;
interest of traders concerned in confining productive strength of NCC within channel of own, 123;
diet field subjected to, of nature and, superinduced by habit and fashion, 139–40;
of nature not different in one county from another, 141;
of nature v. power of appetite in estimation of man's wants in relation to diet, 142;
no unvarying stock of hands can make provision for copious and occasional, 147;
periodical ballances exhibited between, of hands for work and, of work for hands, 202–3, 564;
steadiness of price promoted by publicity of quantum of, for hands v. work, 203
:
for relief on score of non-age begins to diminish at certain period, 292;
supply and, of hands and institution of apprenticeship under NCC, 314–15;
expence productive of enjoyment in proportion to ratio borne to, resulting from habits and expectations, 340
:
to adjust, to supply faculty possessed by all-comprehensive v. divided management, 388;
supply does not create, 388–9 n., 569 n.;
fitness of employment for i.h. and dependence of, for produce on accident, 409–10;
price of all commodities determined by quantity of, v. supply, 421 n.;
care taken in i.h. that employments put into hands of non-adults adapted to every fluctuation to which, in relation to produce of labour exposed, 424;
plan of employment directing dependent poor to supply of own wants not liable to uncertainty which respects sufficiency of, 433, 520–1;
for labour of independent poor and direction of labour of dependent poor to supply of own wants, 436–8;
and means for system of bookkeeping in single poor house v. proposed system, 541–9;
for labour might as well not exist as not be known, 562;
pg 720exigencies operating as efficient causes of, for funds in store among self-maintaining poor, 582–4;
number of outlying cottages may be extended by, created by persons able and willing to pay rent, 646
DEMOCRACY: no more essence of frugality than of prudence, 605
DEPENDENCE: nothing so perfect as, of new-born child on parents, 186 n.;
NCC as domestic colony will exist for ever in state of unregretted, v. foreign colonies, 320
DEPENDENT POOR: small shares in NCC give independent poor interest in economical management of provision for, 4 n., 490 n.;
members of Friendly Societies not bound to, by tie of sympathy, 18 n.;
NCC to bear such part of annual expence of providing for, as exceeds aggregate sum assessed upon parishes, 19;
number of, might receive sudden encrease from year of dearth, 82;
advantages to, depending on multitude of i.h., 86;
proportion of, smallest in northern counties, 94;
set of Guardian Elders to be borrowed from, and invested with authority in intended penitentiary, 107 n.;
education of non-adult part of, branch of education more important than any other, 167–8;
ascertained total of expence of, in South Britain, 273;
attractive v. repulsive causes with regard to influx of, 280–1;
efficacy of repulsive causes with regard to influx of, 281–4;
allowing food more expensive than accustomed to in self-maintaining state to, disadvantage of existing poor houses, 344–5;
want of liberal education on part of persons entrusted with management of, cause of disadvantage of existing poor houses, 347;
species of employment requiring great skill less suitable to, 412–13;
species of employment attended with high wages less suited to, 418–21;
employment for, more objectionable in proportion as takes business out of hands of master manufacturers, 421;
system of employment for, more objectionable in proportion as reduces wages of independent hands, 421;
fittest sort of work for, production for supply of own wants, 433–8;
demand for labour of independent poor and direction of labour of, to supply of own wants, 437–8;
whole body of, to be maintained in system of i.h., 488;
luxury violates justice if it renders condition of, more desirable than that of self-maintaining poor, 524;
eat meat four days out of seven v. independent poor v. convicts, 533 n.;
conveying to, fruits of charity intercepted by rich under existing system mode in which NCC may assist private charity, 633–4. See Pauper(s)
DEPOSIT: by master wanting hands and inserting offer in Employment Gazette, 200
DEPRAVITY: dangerous classes distinguished not by, but by fortune, 44, 66–8
DEPREDATION: occupations for which, common appellation, 42–3;
cloak for, mischief mendicity productive of to community, 212, 569–70;
can never be excluded from receiving recruits v. beggary, 213;
casual, v. habitual, 234–5, 575–6, 578–9;
diagnostics to ascertain existence of habit of, 235–6, 575–6;
clause in Police Act punishes as for repeated, without proof of single act of, 580;
funds bestowed for purpose of private charity exposed to, 632
DESIRE(S): prevention of unsatisfiable, purpose for which separation requisite, 61, 497;
sexes to be kept out of each other's way until period at which, intended to be indulged, 73;
poor excluded by ignorance from, of doing whatever requires to be done for them in way of education, 168;
local government has not power or, to detain child beyond arrival at self-maintaining age, 374;
separation at meal-times for prevention of unsatisfiable, 498;
no hardship in withholding means of gratification where no, 638 n.;
nature shows commencement of, for sexual intercourse, 654 n.;
not crossed but prevented in case of apprentices of NCC, 658
DEVOTION: subserviency to exercise of, point to be attended to in construction of i.h., 97, 503
DIET: saving by reduction in expence of, in point of quality, 12;
saving in article of, ensured by most ordinary management, 14;
expence of, 18;
pg 721indulgences in article of, may be afforded to past-prosperity hands at small expence, 56–7;
most advantageous mode of treatment in point of, topic of experiment requiring exclusion of extraneous stock, 74–5;
of self-maintaining poor least expensive in northern counties, 95;
field subjected to demands of nature and demands superinduced by habit and fashion, 139–40;
should be fixed for whole system of i.h., 140–2, 532;
demands of nature v. power of appetite in estimation of man's wants in relation to, 142;
regular, to be composed principally of vegetable food, 142;
no reason to despair of principle of self-supply being effected as far as, concerned, 145;
expence of, six-tenths of whole, 145;
in article of, least quantity allowed sufficient for health and removal of hunger and thirst, 178, 532;
expence of, charged to account of beggar, 217, 571;
meliorating allowance in article of, purpose to which private charity applied under NCC, 265;
comfort of people depends on degree to which comforts of matrimony enjoyed v. expensiveness of, 315 n.;
forms more than two-thirds of expence necessary for maintenance, 316, 530;
experiments by Court Rumford on expence of, 323;
luxury term applicable with as much propriety to, of poor as to, of rich, 524;
penal, in England more expensive than ordinary, in Scotland, 531;
of newcomers v. old-stagers, 532–3;
conduct with regard to mode of retrenchment in, 534;
regulated with express view to health, 637;
prospect of melioration of, comfort extended to all classes, 642;
extra allowance in way of, item among extra-comforts, 646
DIRECTION: part of, of NCC to consist of uninterested persons of high account at nomination of Crown, 4;
power to, of NCC to discount government securities at short terms, 9 &n.;
precautions taken against embezzlement and peculation on part of, by magnitude of their subscriptions, 379;
time to spare of men of whom, of NCC would consist v. public men, 399;
Board of General, stationed in Metropolis, 490;
system of book-keeping indispensable security for discharge of obligations of, of NCC, 541
DIRECTOR(S): number of, qualifications for, and for voting at election of, of NCC, 3, 490;
power to Committee of Council to examine, of NCC, 10, 494;
paying dividends after notice to contrary responsible as for embezzlement, 11, 494;
every officer at liberty to make entry in Observation-Book for information of, 138;
might be made punishable for connivance if NCC fails of ridding neighbourhood of beggars, 228–9;
obligation imposed on, to give facility to free employment, 367;
of Bank of England and East India Company not less attentive to business than earliest predecessors, 369–70;
capital sufficient for qualification of twelve, minimum sufficient for institution of proposed system by authority of Parliament, 379;
government of NCC child's play to, of East India Company, 384–5, 493
DIRECTORY: Birmingham, and London, samples of universal register, 238 n., 579 n.;
Universal British, fragment of universal register, 579 n.
DISADVANTAGE(S): from division of management, 384–95, 678–81;
peculiar to government v. NCC management, 682–3
DISAPPOINTMENT: eleemosynary foundations add to comfort of society when instituted without, of existing expectations, 254;
mischief arising under Honorary-reward principle, 523
DISBANDED HANDS: primary provision for, chance of employment from individuals, 37;
enumerated, 39–40;
v. peaceful part of people receive privilege of following employments for which most fit, 40;
use of NCC to, as asylum from idleness, 41;
situation of, that of long-stayers, 58–9;
classes of, in whose instance NCC more at liberty with regard to destination than in instance of persons in general, 93–4 n.;
class for whose benefit Employment-Register office designed, 199;
want of home particularly incident to, 505–6 n., 670;
pg 722and children of, transferable though not without reserve, 514 n.;
belong to coming-and-going stock of hands, 538 n., 668
DISCIPLINE: point to be attended to in construction of i.h., 96–7, 502–3;
confinement, labour, and low earnings conjoined in, of i.h., 210;
of government v. mercantile management, 400–1, 682–3;
relaxation of, endemial disease of government, 401;
universal transparency requisite for perfection of, 502;
end in view in system of book-keeping, 542;
through want of wisdom that disparity so wide between penal justice and domestic, 613. See Order
DISCOMFORT: to prosperous beggars from proposed change would cease with existing race of beggars, 213, 570
DISCONTENT(S): preservation from, purpose for which indigenous stock require to be kept in state of separation from extraneous stock, 74;
utility of corps constituted from apprentice stock against tumults resulting from sudden and partial, 614
DISEASE(S): cause of feebleness, 27;
incident bringing prostitutes to i.h., 53, 666;
aggregation of persons infected with same, v. lodging in same room persons infected with infectious, of different kinds, 64 n.;
healthiness as against rise and spread of, property desired in i.h., 95;
officers exposed to every cause of, in common with paupers, 99;
infirmary v. pest-huts for, not contagious v. contagious, 106;
supersaturation cause of, 142;
cautions against vulgar errors in respect of means of preventing or curing, 192;
health mere negation of, 532;
causes of, systematically guarded against in i.h., 638. See Sickness
DISGUST: persons of beggars apt to be encompassed by exciting causes of, 211;
v. sympathy, finds no relief by giving, 569–70
DISHONESTY: presumed as cause of inability to obtain character on part of discarded servant, 34;
idleness furnishes incitements to, 41;
indicated by legal conviction v. want of avowed employment, 66–7
DISINTERESTEDNESS: v. personal interest as motive for humanity, 517–18
DISPATCH: government management at bottom of scale in regard to, 399, 682–3;
caution in application of piece-work principle where, threatens to be productive of waste, 522–3
DISSEMINATION: advancement of knowledge performed partly in way of, 624;
mode of managing infants carried on by nursery-girls example of indirect, of knowledge taught in i.h., 630 n.
DISSIPATION: contrast between, and economy within compass of domestic experience, 57 n.;
habit of superabundant, evil introduction to life of labour, 177;
man who gives to beggars little aware how much better spent money would be in, 211 n.;
regulation requiring surrender of property as condition of entry to pauper community promotes, 262–3;
cause of failure of Friendly Societies, 590–1;
NCC might ease associations of danger of, 604;
militia-men initiated into habits of, 615
DISSOLUTION: cause of failure of Friendly Societies, 591–3;
NCC might ease associations of danger of, 604
DISTANCE: no disadvantage accrues from shortness of, between i.h., 85;
advantages depending on shortness of, between i.h., 86–7;
principles governing, between i.h. and furthest part of district, 88–9, 502;
from i.h. to i.h., 91, 500, 607
DISTINCTION(S): v. happiness professed object of education, 167;
copious, in dress to indicate transgression, 498;
point to be attended to in regard to cloathing, 534–5;
fundamental, in set of books of i.h., 545–6
DISTRESS(ES): to manufacturing hands thrown out of employment by introduction of machinery, 41;
want of adequate channel of intelligence cause of vast private, generated by occasional want of work for able hands, 197–8;
alms exacted by pg 723nothing else than, on part of alms-giver, 210–11;
difference in point of comfort to beggar between subsistence by begging and by working in i.h. v. amount of, produced on part of his benefactors, 211 n.;
produced in revolutions far greater than, saved, 239 n.;
may force honestest man to lodge in open air, 245–6;
attendant on irregular intercourse with other sex in case of labourers in husbandry, 311;
observation of particular instance of, gives birth to pain of sympathy, 635
DISTRIBUTION: size, number, and, of i.h. inseparable considerations once pauper population and purposes to which i.h. to be adapted given, 84, 500;
advantage of equable, of i.h., 85;
of i.h. as nearly equal as local convenience will admit, 91;
plan of, of i.h. given only as general mark to aim at, 92
DISTRICT(S): division of neat savings between NCC and, 21;
distance of remotest part of, from i.h., 89–90, 500;
auction of popularity between, if framing of dietary left to local authorities, 140;
returns from parochial, of expence of burthensome poor, 273;
proportion of unfarmed, to farmed, 278–9;
expences of groups of, as confronted with expences in standard year, 288;
narrowness of, by resources of which quantum of building determined cause of disadvantage of existing poor houses, 344;
state of things in relation to important classes of paupers in, if experiment of proposed system made upon small scale v. all-comprehensive system, 380–1, 389–90. See incorporated districts, parishes
DISUNION: for purpose of averting violence is prudence, 19 n.
DIVERSION: from predominant idea of use in many cases of insane, 23
DIVERSITY: v. uniformity in management, 114–15
DIVIDENDS: of NCC might be payable at local i.h., 4 n.;
of NCC to be declared half-yearly, 10;
declaration of, of NCC void unless accompanied by accounts, 10, 494;
rent for land to be paid previous to, 19, 494;
paid to amount of common interest on capital subscribed, 19, 495
DIVINE SERVICE: use of moveable partitions at time of, 109, 503;
observations by minister on report from i.h. during, would strengthen connection between charity and religion, 204–5;
none dealt with in Poor Man's Bank who have not been present at, 248 n.;
extension given to benefit of, feature of proposed system, 260–2, 641, 644 & n.;
stage lets down through ceiling upon floor of lodge at time of, 503;
previous attendance on, indispensable condition for instruction in medicine as applied to animals, 631
DIVISION(S): v. wards of i.h., 98 n., 503;
dimensions of, 100–2;
elevation of, distinguishable into five stories, 101, 503;
modifications to gallery floor of one, to better accommodate infirmary, 106–7;
where, not filled up by suspected class to which principally allotted, complement completed from elderly classes, 107;
of authority ground of incompetence in administration of Overseers, 356, 357;
inconvenience from, of authority reduced in Incorporated Districts, 360;
security provided by inspecting eyes weakened under divided management in degree proportioned to minuteness of, 394;
uncommunicating, means of separation, 497;
ventilation-tubes run from bottom to top of each, 504;
one, allotted for officer's private apartments, 504;
three uncommunicating floors in each, 509–10;
land, radiate in continuation of house, 510;
multiplication of books but, of contents, 543–4
DIVISION OF LABOUR: defined, 88;
advantage derivable from, obtained in proportion to magnitude of establishments and facility of combination between them, 88, 122–3, 501;
faculty of pushing up benefit derivable from principle of, advantage of NCC v. separate companies, 386, 678 n.;
stock of every-man's-work operations increased more and more by, 536;
more numerous operations in, more simple each operation, 543 n. See labour-division principle
pg 724DIVORCE: inaccessible to self-maintaining poor by artificial expences of procedure, 249 n., 612 n.
DONATION(S): relief of temporary indigence among self-maintaining poor by, v. loans, 580–1
DRAM-DRINKING: practice much more pernicious than prostitution yet protected, 54
DRESS: distinctive, means of separation and aggregation, 62, 498;
distinction in, shape in which honorary reward administered, 125, 523;
separation as between sex and sex at times of change of, 498
DRILL-SERGEANT: of i.h. to act as clerk on week-days, 615
DROSHKY(IES): use of, to give air and exercise to bedridden and infant part of population, 498
DROWNING: security against danger of, comfort of apprentices in i.h., 268, 652
DRUNKENNESS: habitual, cause of feebleness, 27;
vacancy calls in, 39;
impossibility of, in inspection i.h., 104;
means of, universally at command in public schools, 266 n.;
connection between, and high wages, 419–20 n.;
collateral mischief to which management of Friendly Societies liable to give birth, 600
DUMBNESS: as consequence where deafness at birth total and appropriate education not bestowed v., caused by impairment of organs of speech, 25
DURATION: uncertainty in point of, fatal drawback to value of service under law of Elizabeth, 230;
of enjoyment longer by earlier commencement, 653 n.
DUTY: chance in favour of good management encreased by encrease in strength of junction between interest and, 88–9;
no means of strengthening connection between personal interest and public, to be neglected, 115;
connection between personal and public, susceptible of variety of shapes, 115–16;
engagement of manager on terms securing union of interest and, requisite for system of employment affording profit to master, 223–4;
extirpation of mendicity not only, but source of revenue to NCC, 228;
this country only nation in which charity constituted universal, 257;
disadvantage of existing poor houses by non-observance of principles calculated to cement union betwixt, and interest in instance of working hands, 347;
to have compleated junction between interest and, to have brought government to perfection, 353;
fixt salaries contribute nothing to union of interest with, 370–1 n.;
if institution fails for want of probity or diligence on part of managing hands always because union between interest and, not strong enough, 373;
humanity and economy main branches of, of manager of i.h., 515;
publicity most effectual means of applying moral motives to union between interest and humane branch of, 515–16
DUTY-AND-INTEREST-JUNCTION PRINCIPLE: See interest-and-duty-junction principle
EARN-FIRST PRINCIPLE: one of three great pillars of economy, 11;
employments to which, applicable without severity to be allotted to lazy hands, 120, 519, 521–2;
stated, 128;
names for, 128 n.;
applications of, 129;
powers of, not much impaired if rigour remitted, 129–30 n.;
no reason why, to be observed less strictly in instance of blind, 165;
advantage in which NCC sharer with individual undertakers, 331–2;
Self-liberation principle but, continued in operation, 332;
non-observance of, disadvantage of existing poor houses, 347;
combination of Self-liberation principle with, reconciles charity with justice, 521–2
EARNINGS: of periodical-stagnation hands not what sums impart, 38;
average value of, of pauper incapable of earning maintenance out of i.h., 323;
of apprentices of NCC taken at lowest rate, 335;
habitual, and expences of apprentices at command pg 725of NCC, 336;
in some poor houses manager allowed share of, of pauper hands, 352 n.;
peculium share of, and Neighbour's-fare principle, 524;
marriage-fund provision applies particularly to males by reason of greater surplus of, 584 n.;
average, of man in South Britain v. expence of married man in Scotland, 584–5 n.;
amount of contribution to Friendly Societies very small compared to, 596–7. See wages
EASEMENT: proportionable, v. overburthen, 19, 495;
rates in respect of, to be calculated according to estimated rent v. rack rent, 20, 495;
sixty per cent of neat savings divided among householders on footing of, 21, 495
EAST INDIA COMPANY: qualification for director in NCC same as in, 3, 490;
qualification for voting in election of directors in NCC same as in, 3, 490;
qualification for voting in Assemblies of Stock-holders in NCC same as in, 3, 490;
precautions against sudden acquisition of votes in NCC grounded on regulations made in, 10, 493;
directors of, not less attentive to business than earliest predecessors, 369–70;
government of NCC child's play to director of, 385, 493;
attempt to take affairs of, into hands of commission nominated by government sufficient ground for expulsion of ministry, 399 n., 682 n.;
magnitude of work of, v. NCC, 399 n., 683;
burden of management required by collateral benefits inconsiderable in comparison of that sustained by, 560–1
ECONOMY: forbids capital to lie idle, 9;
three great pillars of, adhered to in director's oath, 11;
Apprenticeship principle basis of system in point of, 14–15;
sources of, with regard to expence of unripe hands, 30–1;
advantage in point of, by occupations carried on by convalescents, 33;
forbids consignment of dangerous classes to prison or appropriate abode, 43–4;
contrast between dissipation and, within compass of domestic experience, 57 n.;
health v., in determination of period at which sexual desire to be indulged, 73;
point to be attended to in construction of i.h., 97, 503;
division of labour instrument of, 120–1;
principle of self-supply bad, in case of individuals, 122–3, 521;
served by diminution of expence or encrease of use, 135;
hope of, from use of fish, 142;
human powers capable of being turned to account in respect of pecuniary, by occupations which do not afford exercise suitable to health, 172;
objection in point of, against use of children's miniature tools would vanish in i.h., 172–3;
means not wanting by which exercises of walking and running convertible to pecuniary, 173;
charity as end v., as means, 259, 637;
interest of contractor in, in farming in lump v. per head, 281–2 n.;
success of NCC will depend on goodness of management in point of, 322, 374–6;
positions with regard to obtainable, in respect of expence, 322–3;
interest of each member of board in incorporated districts v. Overseers in good, of management of poor, 360–1 n.;
worn away at both ends by gluts produced by independent companies v. NCC, 388;
of government v. NCC management, 398–404;
government, placed at lowest point of scale, 398;
charity and, antagonizing yet harmonizing principles, 398–9 n.;
private charity incompetent to, through want of coercive power, 430–3;
that every child destined not to reach profitable age should perish at birth best thing in point of unfeeling, 448–9;
public, at so low pitch because principles of, have not received names, 465;
great part of, in building result of peculiarity of plan v. amplitude of scale, 513 n.;
humanity and, main branches of duty of manager of i.h., 515;
contract v. partnership v. salary as arrangements for enforcing, 516;
reason for applying universal-industry principle, 518;
luxury violates, if it renders condition of burdensome poor more desirable than that of self-maintaining poor, 524;
of providence v. local administration v. government and frequency of meat in diet, 533 n.;
pecuniary, but one end in view in system of book-keeping, 542;
domestic pg 726and technical, branches of science in respect of which NCC productive of augmentation of knowledge, 626–7;
school of domestic, collateral use of inspection i.h., 658
EDUCATION: to comprehend minors in plan to institute great system of national, 14 n.;
deaf and dumb either ideots or of sound mind according as put in possession or left destitute of appropriate, 25;
appropriate, purpose for which appropriate establishments demanded, 25–6, 154, 549–50;
expence of, nothing in labouring classes, 29;
distinctness in point of, purpose for which separation requisite, 61, 74, 497, 499;
indispensable to elevation of mind, 89;
men of, requisite for principal offices of i.h., 136 n., 511 n.;
as treated of in books but tool of ambition, 167;
of non-adult part of dependent poor most important branch of, 167–8, 550;
art of conducting man to happiness in as far as depends upon exercise of active faculties, 168–9, 551;
two divisions of business of, 169;
is government in miniature, 169 n.;
business of, includes providing occupations for filling up whole time, 171, 177, 419–20 n., 551;
happiness object of efforts comprehended under term intellectual, 181;
propriety of domestic arts v. chemistry to suitable, for females in inferior classes, 190;
medical instruction included without impropriety in, of poor, 192;
want of liberal, on part of persons entrusted with management cause of disadvantage of existing poor houses, 347, 348, 352 n.;
want of appropriate, ground of incompetence in administration of Overseers, 356, 359–60;
want of suitable, reduced in Incorporated Districts, 360;
high wages have pernicious tendency where want of suitable, 419–20 n.;
once foundation laid in point of, none of officers chosen elsewhere than out of apprentice stock, 527;
aboriginal usage still guide in, of affluent, 557 n. See instruction(s)
EFFLUENTS: defined, 422–3;
by lapse of time, 444
ELEEMOSYNARY FOUNDATIONS: add to comfort of society when instituted without disappointment of existing expectations, 254;
application of money of, in shape of reward for extension of useful knowledge and encouragement of virtue, 255
EMANCIPATION: mixture of employments for female unripe hands to fit them for future state of, 121–2;
assurance of obtaining returns from nursing girls in private families while on footing of apprentice v. after, 252–3;
coming-and-going stock might excite in indigenous stock hankerings after, but for separation, 498;
musical instruction source of self-amusement and bond of union after, 676 n.
EMANCIPATION DAY: day of expiration of self-liberation period, 217
EMBEZZLEMENT: directors of NCC paying dividends after notice to contrary responsible as for, 11, 494;
checks on, on part of direction of NCC, 379;
cause of failure of Friendly Societies, 590–1;
NCC might ease associations of danger of, 604
EMPLOY: See employment(s)
EMPLOYER(S): rests with, to determine degree of trustworthiness requisite for employment he has to give, 46;
suspected hand not to be consigned to private, without engagement on part of, to give notice whenever hand quits service, 46;
to afford hands to, use of Employment-Register office, 199;
benefit from Employment-Register office in as far as wages kept from running into excess, 199 & n.;
requisites for system of employment capable of affording profit to, 223–4, 573 n.;
advantages of proposed scheme of management v. private, 325–31;
able hands all that private, have to deal with v. NCC, 332;
command over stock of hands of, v. poor house, 366–7;
care to be taken in choice of businesses for i.h. to reduce prejudice to interests of, already engaged in businesses, 424–5. See master(s)
EMPLOYMENT(S): NCC to afford maintenance and, to every indigent person on application at i.h., 7;
profit of NCC will consist of savings made upon maintenance pg 727and, of stock of hands, 12;
no institutions offering, to all comers can exist with local expanse less than whole country, 37;
chance of, from individuals primary provision for stagnation hands, out-place-hands, and disbanded hands, 37;
disbanded hands receive privilege of following, for which most fit, 40;
distress to manufacturing hands thrown out of, by introduction of machinery, 41;
prospect of future, forbids consignment of dangerous classes to prison, 43;
for employer to determine degree of trustworthiness requisite for, 46;
expedient to prevent receivers of stolen goods from giving colour of, to thieves, 47;
of confined hands excluded by nature of abode under existing system v. NCC, 55–6;
NCC does utmost towards finding, for willing hands upon terms of liberty, 60, 367, 561–2;
most eligible fund for relief, 112;
influence of bodily imperfection on value of labour v. species of, 120;
no, appropriate to infirm hands to be allotted to able hands till infirm hands fully provided with, 120, 519;
no, competent to females to be allotted to males till females fully provided with, 120, 519;
choice of main stock of, grounded on permanent stock of hands, 121;
instruction to be administered in more, than one, 121–2;
properties of, appropriate to application of Earn-first principle, 129;
standing v. occasional source of, to NCC, 144, 520, 537;
self-supply plan of, promises to have affections of working hands on its side, 146;
stagnant for want of sale in Suffolk i.h., 166–7 n.;
all, of which state has same need as soldiers should be as much under command as soldiers, 148–9 n.;
requirement for union of strength and skill sufficient to put exclusion on, for i.h., 149–50;
continuance of coerced hands in i.h. precarious as soon as they have acquired skill competent to profitable, 150;
no spark of ability to which suitable, might not be assigned in i.h., 150–1, 412, 424, 518–19, 536;
instruction in, and exercise of, purposes for which appropriate establishments demanded, 154, 549–50;
to which faculties of insane not incapable of being adapted, 155;
blind fitted in appropriate establishment for obtaining, on footing of independence, 164;
maimed and feeble may require peculiarity in point of, v. separation in point of place, 166;
exercises v. lucrative, as occupations necessary to health and strength, 172–7;
ground of assurance that, may be secured to every body without expence, 197, 561;
offered by master determinate and certain v., candidate has to offer, 200 n., 563;
parallels between stock of, and stock of hands in Employment Gazette, 202–3;
making timely choice of, advantage to individuals from periodical ballances between work and hands, 203, 565;
system of intelligence with regard to, and system of cheap-conveyance co-operate, 207, 565;
value of affording, by supplying v. indicating, 208–9, 561–2;
certainty of, furnished by NCC v. uncertainty of free, 209;
housekeeper may engage to provide for beggar by furnishing, after emancipation day, 217, 571;
to afford workman means of living must afford profit to master, 223, 572–3;
requisites for system of, able to afford mendicant community means of lively-hood upon discharge, 225, 573 n.;
imprisonment diminishes chance of securing, 225, 246, 573 n.;
proposed to be interwoven with discipline of prison in i.h., 227–8;
honest, supposes cloud of witnesses, 236, 576;
that wages of labour in husbandry so low result of multitude of hands v. quantity of, 269 n.;
parents equally exposed to indigence resulting from casual want of, at every period of child's age, 297;
filling up gaps in supply of, new created source of profit under NCC, 310;
wealth can not be spent without giving, to stock of hands, 313–14;
want of hands to afford modifications of inadequate ability with regard to, cause of disadvantage of existing poor houses, 345;
incompetence of manager of poor in proportion to dissimilarity between, embarked in on own account and, embarked in on parish account, 359–60;
v. relief in statute of Elizabeth, 361–4;
for coming-and-going hands found by breaking down of movements in manufacture, 368;
power of pg 728Inspection-House principle to be tested by experiment in making provision for maintenance and, of criminals, 376–7;
distributing productive strength among, so as to adjust demand to supply faculty possessed by all-comprehensive v. divided management, 388–90;
properties rendering, less fit for dependent poor, 405–21;
fitness for i.h. of, and dependence of demand for produce upon accident, 409–10, 423;
fitness for i.h. of, and connection with system of machinery, 410, 411, 423–4;
unsuitable for i.h. in as far as profit depends upon secrecy, 410–11, 423;
rendered unsuitable to i.h. by bulkiness of article subject of it, 411 & n., 424;
less suitable to i.h. by requirement for greater degree of skill on part of managers, 412 & n., 424;
less suitable to dependent poor by requiring great skill on part of workmen, 412–13;
system of, unsuitable to i.h. if confined to out-door operations, 413–14, 424;
unwholesome, unfit to occupy collective strength of i.h., 414–16, 424;
essentially unhealthy, v., attended by want of free exercise or air, 415;
mixture of laborious and sedentary, favoured by health, 415, 424;
attention due to differences in constitutions in allocation of, 415–16;
productive of high rate of profit unsuitable to system of i.h., 416–18;
attended with high wages less suited to dependent poor, 418–21;
for dependent poor objectionable in proportion as takes business out of hands of master manufacturers, 421, 424–5;
for dependent poor objectionable in proportion as reduces wages of independent hands, 421 & n.;
tendency of accession of new hands to, to diminish rate of wages, 421 n.; 425;
rules for formation of system of, for system of i.h., 423–5;
system of, for i.h. to be adapted to variety in ability with regard to work of which population susceptible, 424;
care to be taken that, put into hands of non-adult adapted to every fluctuation which demand in relation to produce of labour exposed, 424;
distribution of mass of, among strength of system of i.h. to be performed by general v. local authority, 425 & n.;
establishments proposed for affording relief to indigent by furnishing, 426–9;
conditions of offer of, made by benevolent v. unbenevolent hands, 428;
illusory idea of furnishing, by indiscriminate institution of manufactories, 429–33;
setting system of i.h. to provide for own exigencies prevents inconveniences from choice of incompetent, 435;
objection to confining system of i.h. to own supply on ground of, taken out of hands of industrious at large, 435–8;
relief without, bounty on idleness, 454;
not one in hundred incapable of all, 518;
war v. peace, under NCC, 520;
certainty of, advantage to child of Apprenticeship principle, 526;
only difficulty to find, suited to unwilling and infra-ability hands, 536;
advantage of pouring hands into overpaid, as open to NCC as to private masters, 537;
employment-lacking hand wants money rather than, 563;
poor man in quest of, punished under name of vagrant, 565 n.;
failure of, cause of demand for funds in store among self-maintaining poor, 582;
failure of, exigency to which bank of NCC least competent, 601;
Poor Man's Inns convenient to accepters of offers of, in Employment Gazette, 609;
agriculture healthiest of all, 638–9;
favourable to health and recreation comfort extended to all classes, 640;
examples of, suited to feeble hands, 663
EMPLOYMENT-APPROPRIATION PRINCIPLE: stated, 120;
names for, 120 n.;
non-observance of, disadvantage of existing poor houses, 345
EMPLOYMENT GAZETTE: fugitives to be advertised in, 8;
collateral establishment promulgatory, 9;
intelligence of demand universally diffused by, 37;
after probation suspected and stigmatized hands put on list of candidates for employment in, 46;
remedy for demand for relief arising from casual stagnation, 78;
series of, hung up on wall in approach to i.h., 111, 206, 509, 564–5;
uses of, enumerated, 198–9, 565–6;
classes by which benefit of, reaped 199;
connected to Employment-Register Office, 199–200, 562–3;
use of, by masters wanting hands, 200, 563;
use of, by working hands, 200–1, 563–5;
advantage to morality from accommodation of rate pg 729of wages to attestable character in advertisements in, 201;
place and frequency of publication of, 202, 564;
basis of, returns from each i.h., 202–3, 564, 566–7;
communication of, to parishes, 205 & n., 567;
printed on one side only, 605 n., 564–5;
security for good behaviour of domestic servants, 206–7;
keeps off veil from talents of skilful hands, 208, 565–6;
Employment-Register Office and, side with masters and under-paid hands v. over-paid hands, 209, 566 n.;
NCC could render free to employment-lacking hands, 562;
benefit of, given gratis to industry house hands, 564;
very small fee for search and inquiry in, 565;
beggar's offer of service inserted in, 571;
Poor Man's Inns convenient to accepters of employment advertised in, 609;
perpetual school of morality, 613
EMPLOYMENT-INTELLIGENCE OFFICE: See employment-register office(s)
EMPLOYMENT-MIXING PRINCIPLE: cuts up by roots difficulty of vacancy as far as rising population of i.h. extends, 39;
stated, 121;
instance of application of polychrest principle, 135;
use of, by NCC v. private employers, 326;
privation of benefit of, disadvantage of existing poor houses, 346–7;
reasons for, 520;
advantage derivable from, peculiar to company such as NCC, 537;
health and strength provided for by, 553 n.
EMPLOYMENT-REGISTER OFFICE(S): collateral establishment promulgatory, 9;
cloister in approach to i.h. would afford shelter to customers of, 111, 508–9;
prevention of intercourse between customers of, and outlying paupers, 111, 509;
uses of, enumerated, 198–9, 565–6;
classes by which benefit of, reaped, 199, 209;
connection with Employment Gazette, 199–200, 562–3;
business of, performed by i.h. throughout the country, 200, 562–3;
use of, by masters wanting hands, 200, 563;
use of, by working hands, 200–1, 563–5;
good done by i.h. as i.h. v. i.h. as, 208–9;
and Employment Gazette side with masters and under-paid hands v. over-paid hands, 209, 566 n.
EMULATION: degree of envy inseparable from, 125;
advantage in point of, by distributing deaf and dumb among two establishments under management of different persons, 160–1;
among apprentices from chance of rising to superior station by cultivation of natural talents, 270–1;
among all i.h. consequent upon premiums to nurses where rate of infant mortality lowest, 540;
keeping up, among managers advantage of NCC v. independent companies, 679
END(S): See means and ends
ENGLAND: population of Metropolis eighth part of population of, 93;
value of human night soil begins to be understood in, 133;
no man tastes pine-apple in, till he has eaten more than can add to nourishment, 316;
transparency of pauper accounts of single parish v. all, 354;
manufactory of cotton cloth in Bulgaria v., 363–4 n.;
penal diet in, more expensive than ordinary diet in Scotland, 531;
no inference drawable from success of plan for extirpation of mendicity without compulsion to success of similar plan in, 569 & n. See south Britain
ENJOYMENT: disgustful society poisons, 264;
power is, 264;
expence productive of, in proportion to relative v. absolute quantum, 340;
difficulty for self-maintaining poor of opposing resistance to temptations afforded by instruments of sensual, 585,
maximum of, gives maximum of clear happiness, 653 n.
ENNUI: necessity and habit of labour secures against, 179
ENQUIRY: v. inquisition, 50–1;
neither punishment nor prevention can take place without, 50;
where no punishment inflicted result of, not crimination, 52;
diagnostic to ascertain existence of habit of depredation, 235–6
ENTERTAINMENT: of various kinds comfort extended to all classes, 641
ENVY: inseparable from emulation, 125;
old-stagers dieted apart to save newcomers from, 533
pg 730EPILEPSY: disorder which forbids man to be alone, 28
EQUALITY: once principle of equalization recognized division of property could never stop till point of absolute, reached, 194–5;
shuts door against hope, 265;
of distance between i.h. and i.h. cause of comfort extended to all classes, 642
EQUAL-TREATMENT PRINCIPLE: See neighbour's-fare principle
EQUITY: nine-tenths of people below all possibility of bidding for, 263–4 n.
ERROR(S): cautions against vulgar, in respect of means of preventing or curing diseases, 192;
almost universal, in projects for affording relief by furnishing employment, 426–9;
unaccountable, in speculations on population, 446–7;
object to frame assumptions so that whatever, they comprehend less favourable than truth, 448;
Halley's table labours under material, 481;
few, more fatal than that which regards forced idleness as one with holiness, 600 n.
ESCAPE: universal benefit if all cases of, admitted to reports from i.h., 204 & n., 567
EVIDENCE: no, of prostitution till act committed, 53;
positive, of single act of dishonesty v. negative, of dishonesty of whole life, 66–7;
acceptance of alms in public place sufficient, of begging, 219, 572;
door to, of begging shut up if nobody to give alms, 220, 572;
branch of law relative to, composed of rules not less at variance with each other than with interests of justice, 235–6 n.;
want of, sufficient for commitment for trial ground for consigning unavowed-employment hand to i.h., 237
EXAMINATION: power of, and commitment of beggars to Governor or Chaplain, 216, 572;
of person suspected of not having any honest means of lively-hood by magistrate, 237 n. See interrogation
EXCHANGE: value in use v. value in, and principle of self-supply, 434–5, 520–1
EXCLUSION(S): of dangerous classes from relief not practicable, 44–5;
consequent on conditions for membership of Friendly Societies, 594–5;
from benefit of Friendly Society with office in alehouse, 598;
NCC might remove causes of latent, from Friendly Societies, 604
EXEMPTION: from disagreeable changes of life, comfort of apprentices of NCC, 268;
from most painful intellectual exertions, comfort of apprentices of NCC, 653
EXERCISE(S): bodily, of use in cases of insane, 23–4;
great instrument of health, 31, 554;
appropriate, for infants administered by help of machinery, 31, 540;
v. lucrative employments as occupations necessary to health and strength, 172–7;
means not wanting by which, of walking and running convertible to economy, 173;
of sinking stage unites sport with use, 173;
principally of hands and arms might alternate with, of legs and feet, 174;
useful, for those destined for sea, 174–5;
no, not applicable to more than one or two valuable purposes admitted into i.h., 175, 178;
species of, out of place in i.h., 175–7;
disadvantage of, of mind v. body, 182–3;
sex seems to constitute source of difference in requirements for, 415;
suitable to convalescents advantage of transfer of sick-relief from hospitals to NCC, 508 n., 664;
bedridden and infants might receive, in corridor on approach to i.h., 509, 540, 608;
system of, should employ every limb and muscle, 554 & n.;
degree of exertion required for, of judgement v. perception or memory, 558 n.;
military, subject of instruction in i.h. for males from fourteen years of age, 676
EXERTION(S): arising from certainty of smaller reward v. chance of larger, 523;
single species of, not adequate test of general strength, 532;
degree of, required for exercise of judgment v. perception or memory, 558 n.;
exemption from most painful intellectual, comfort of apprentices of NCC, 653
EXIGENCE(IES): not having investigated demand in point of real, cause of disadvantage of existing poor houses, 344–5;
operating as efficient causes of demand for funds in store among self-maintaining poor, 582–4;
provided against by Friendly Societies, 594;
to which bank of NCC least competent, 601–4
pg 731EXPECTATION(S): eleemosynary foundations add to comfort of society when instituted without disappointment of existing, 254;
of success has surer basis than imagined, 324;
expence productive of enjoyment in proportion to ratio to demand resulting from habits and, 340;
of mode of curing fish by which benefit of glut extended, 534
EXPENSE(S): every person entitled to relief under condition of working until, defrayed by labour, 7, 489–90, 521;
of apprehension and reward to be charged against beggars, 8, 217, 571;
collateral establishments may be made to defray own, 9;
saving by reduction of, of diet, 12;
saving in, of removals and litigation, 12, 385–6;
saving in, incurred by binding pauper children out as apprentices, 13;
saving by difference in, of maintaining young children to NCC v. London parishes, 13, 619 n.;
saving by difference between necessary and present, of maintenance for ideots and lunatics, 14, 471–2.;
Apprenticeship principle appropriates labour of non-adult part of pauper-community to defraying, of other parts of same community, 14;
of building and fitting up two hundred and fifty i.h., 17–18;
of cloathing permanent stock of poor on admission, 18;
of diet, 18, 140, 323;
NCC to bear such part of, of providing for burthensome poor as exceeds aggregate sum assessed upon parishes, 19;
of pauper in i.h. on present footing v. in way of out-allowance, 27, 275–9, 287;
of children v., adults in i.h. on present footing, 27–8;
of maintenance and education of children in labouring v. opulent classes, 29;
sources of economy with regard to, of unripe hands, 30–1;
indulgences in point of maintenance afforded to past-prosperity hands at small, 56–7;
plan by which, of separation in case of infectious diseases reduced, 64–5;
of solitary cells in poor houses enormous, 69;
total, of poor rates for standard year, 75;
substitution of indoor-relief to outdoor-relief and total, of relief v., of relief per head, 75–9;
desirable that, of building bear as small proportion to use as possible, 97, 503;
employ most eligible fund for, of relief, 112;
economy served by diminution of, or increase of use, 135;
of salary of music master might be defrayed by periodical celebrity, 137 n.;
proportional, of diet v. cloathing and bedding, 145;
of appropriate establishment for insane need not be uncompensated, 155, 160;
in case of male adults labour worth three times, of maintenance, 197, 492, 521–2, 561, 608 n.;
ground for assuance that employment may be secured to every body without, 197, 561;
divorce inaccessible to self-maintaining poor by, of procedure, 249 n., 612 n.;
making habitations hold two persons doubles quantity of accommodation with little addition to, 264–5, 646 n.;
modes of computing numbers from, 273–4, 477;
adoption of farming system has in no instance failed to reduce, 279;
Overseers bear scarcely sensible share in burthen of, of dependent poor, 280–1;
price of grain and question whether encrease of, of poor just measure of encrease of pauper population, 288–91;
provisions set down as at least two-thirds of, of poor, 289, 530;
above two-thirds of encrease in pauper, accounted for by encrease in price of grain, 289–90;
saved, source of value of child to NCC, 310;
not required in case of domestic colony of NCC v. foreign colonies, 320;
success of NCC will depend on necessary quantum of, v. value of produce of labour, 322;
positions with regard to economy in, 322–3;
those capable of labour make more than compensation for, 324;
habitual earnings and, of apprentices at command of NCC, 336;
to NCC of maintenance of male aged twenty, 339;
productive of enjoyment in proportion to relative v. absolute quantum, 340;
causes of greatness of, and smallness of produce in existing poor houses, 344–68;
want of powers for detaining pauper till, of relief reimbursed cause of disadvantage of existing poor houses, 347–8;
plan of pauper economy required to reduce, to minimum while raising condition of pauper community to maximum in point of comfort and morality, 375;
reduction in, of pg 732maintenance feature by which institution furnishing employment to indigent made conducive to end, 430–3;
bounty on subsistence imported so much sheer, 440;
per head under Philanthropic Society, 454–5 n.;
extravagance in personal, cause of bankruptcy in private mercantile concerns, 456;
variation in rate of neat, between class and class, 471–2, 688–9;
variation in neat, by difference in age, 472–5, 686;
to be provided for from birth to twenty-one years, 478–9;
of peculium huts, 509 n.;
of officers' pay on Suffolk v. proposed scale, 511 n.;
of building on Suffolk v. proposed scale, 512–13 n.;
maintenance at, of others should not be more desirable than self-maintenance, 524;
v. value of peculium share of earnings, 524;
classes whose natural ability with reference to labour decidedly below, of maintenance, 536–7 n.;
of maintenance of women v. returns from labour, 561;
of conveyance would eat up large part of value of cottage, 581;
warehouse-room only considerable, of Poor Man's Loan office, 582;
average earnings v., of married man in South Britain v. Scotland, 584–5 n.;
relative, of remittance increases as sum to be remitted decreases, 606;
supplement to system of national defence deducible from i.h. system without, 613–16;
child would stand as security for, of board, 620;
funds for, of extra-comforts, 647–9
EXPERIENCE(S): acquired by managers of existing local establishments will ensure their being taken into new management, 22;
convicted v. unconvicted have, of correction, 66;
diminution to happiness of child by being debarred from amusement depends on, or non-experience of amusement, 180;
impossibility of determining exact number of officers requisite to i.h. previously to, 528;
whatever wanting in perfection of system of book-keeping soon supplied by, 543 n.;
charity will act with utmost advantage when enabled to address each individual by his particular, and sensibilities, 635 & n.
EXPERIMENT(S): rearing of children of suckling age not provided with mother's milk noble field of, 32, 540;
purpose for which separation requisite, 61, 74, 497;
purpose of, indicating best mode of treatment, 61, 540–1;
topics of, in relation to which extraneous stock not capable of being considered upon footing with indigenous stock, 74–5;
success of plan in relation to fish as substitute to vegetable food matter of, 142;
system of, with view of bringing latent talents into light among apprentices, 270–1, 656;
made by Count Rumford on expence of maintenance, 323;
power of Inspection-House principle to be tested by, in making provision for maintenance and employment of criminals, 376–7, 681;
state of things in instance of important classes of paupers in district where, of proposed system made upon small scale, 380–1, 389–90;
with names for rules of management, 462–3;
in advantage in point of health and strength by mixture of food, 530–2;
system of, for purpose of improvement advantage of NCC's infants, 540–1;
observation and, basis of knowledge, 624;
interest and facility of NCC with regard to agricultural, 628;
earliest period at which marriage compatible with health to be determined by, 654 n.
EXPORT: bounty on, radically incapable of answering purpose of insurance in respect of subsistence, 439, 440;
bounty on, given for security in respect of subsistence v. encrease of opulence, 440
EXTRA-COMFORT(S): source of, dependent on separation of abode unexposed to abuse, 264;
benefit of mass of, from peculium habitation for two persons will extend far beyond expence, 265, 646 n.;
inequality may prevail in number of partakers of, without being productive of grievance, 265;
reasonable for indigent to be dependent on voluntary charity for, v. existence, 265, 649;
Neighbour's-fare principle and, purchased with peculium share of earnings, 524;
provision of, and assistance afforded by NCC to purposes of private charity, 633–4;
enumerated, pg 733645–6;
funds for, and titles to, 647–9;
not desired by apprentices through want of contrary experiences, 651
EXTRANEOUS STOCK: demand for separation on score of education grounded on distinction between indigenous and quasi-indigenous v., and coming-and-going stocks of non-adult class, 74–5, 497, 499;
not considered as upon footing with indigenous stock after age at which faculty of conversation established, 74
EXTRA-RELIEF: employment of money of eleemosynary foundations in way of, on score of past-prosperity, 255–6
EYE(S): moderate distance sufficient to prevent rules of separation from being broken in upon by, 62;
chance of good management depends on number and condition of individuals engaged to regard establishment with censorial, 89;
working hands v. superintending, in division of rules of management, 112;
suitable employment to winking of, might be assigned in i.h., 150–1;
utility of transparency supposes existence of observing, 354;
security provided by inspecting, weakened under divided management, 394–5, 681;
many, prompted by interest to watch NCC, 456;
exhibition of wife sold like beast in market offends moral, 612 n.
FACILITY: natural, not usage, guide to order of commencement between study and study, 558;
depends on vicinity to sense and obviousness of use, 558 n.
FACULTY(IES): education art of conducting man to happiness in as far as depends on exercise of active, 168;
principle questions in regard to culture of mental, 181–3;
time at which culture of intellectual, commenced with most advantage, 182;
before maturation of intellectual, compulsion for benefit of party compelled indispensable, 214 n.;
transparency is, of relative kind, 354;
employment fit only for persons in full possession of, unsuitable as general employment for i.h., 370;
of self-maintenance, self-amusement, and pleasing ends to which occupations directed in i.h., 551;
objects on which, of pleasing depends, 552 & n.;
period preceding birth of, of labour and time from which labour prohibited compose time to be bestowed on other ends of occupations in i.h., 556;
occasional, of visiting friends comfort extended to all classes, 642;
musical instruction ministers to, of pleasing, 675 n.
FAILURE: fund secure against causes of, wished for in Frugality-Banks, 586;
inadequacy of Friendly Societies in relation to solidity against causes of, 589–93
FAMILY(IES): power to servant of summoning late master before magistrate to shew why character refused would promote morality in, 35;
of prisoner not included in provision for persons confined under existing system, 56;
advancing money on terms of surrender of non-adult member of, on footing of apprentice, option in cases which produce demand for casual relief, 79;
NCC will select for out-allowance list infants which form parts of most numerous, 81;
proportion of, possessed of property sufficient to afford subsistence without labour, 159;
deafness runs in some measure in, 162 n.;
every, by nature absolute monarchy, 186–7 n.;
of labouring class immoveable v. single man, 207, 565 n.;
girls brought up in i.h. nursing schools sought for in private, 252, 623;
assurance of obtaining returns from nursing girls in private, while on footing of apprentice v. after emancipation, 252–3, 623–4;
child of age six may afford assistance to, by attendance on children of tenderer age, 294;
v. child falls upon relief list in case of superoneration, 297;
doing indoor work of, occupation allotted to female sex by nature, 415–16;
advantages of infants of NCC v. private, 540–1;
mode observed by good man as master of, standard by which fitness of judicial procedure tried, 547–9 n.;
benefit of arrangement in way of pecuniary remittance to, by seamen in King's service, 606–7 n.;
married men taken from, by militia pg 734establishment, 161–2;
treatment of child in, depends on temper of parents v. under NCC, 650 n.
FARMING SYSTEM: expence per head under, 278–9;
discountenanced by social feelings, 278, 279;
proportion of districts in which pursued, 278–9;
adoption of, in no instance failed to reduce expence, 279, 281;
manager under, bears whole loss and reaps whole benefit v. Overseer of poor, 281;
in lump v. per head, 281–2n.
FASHION: influence of habit and, on diet of unripe hands under NCC v. existing system, 30;
diet subjected to demands of nature and of habit and, 139–40;
intrinsic fitness v., and adoption of species of food in i.h., 143 n.;
fitness of employment for i.h. and dependence of demand for produce upon, 409–10, 423;
and caprice bear undisputed sway in world at large v. system of i.h., 435;
value in use not susceptible of being reduced by change of, v. value in exchange, 520–1;
necessity and use v., as standards in relation to cloathing, 534;
has happened to decide in favour of right hand, 554–5 n.
FATHER(S): powers given to NCC of detaining, of bastards, 6, 491;
minors under sixteen consignable to i.h. by, 8;
course to be taken where blindness falls upon, on whom maintenance of family depends, 165;
has purchased services of children by support afforded mother during pregnancy, 169;
government of natural, v. management of govenor of i.h., 170–1;
mode observed by good man in character of, standard by which fitness of judicial procedure tried, 547–9 n.;
children of disreputable classes not exposed to conversation of, unless in presence of officer, 578;
bad children class to which i.h. of use in capacity of reformation-house at instance of, 611;
use of i.h. in capacity of asylum against power of bad, 611–12;
who have given children step-mothers class to whom eligible to have children taken care of for first years, 621
FEAR: some men must be sent to prisons or, of being sent there would not find way into bosoms of rest, 610
FEASIBILITY: prospect of apparent, sufficient to put negative upon vesting management of poor in hands of administration, 404–5, 683
FEE: taken on admission to loan office to prevent wanton applications, 581;
might be required from visitors of superior classes to lectures on medicine as applied to animals, 631
FEEBLE HANDS: competent to business of inspection to be added to establishments for insane, 24;
defined, 27, 58;
capable of being employed for business of superintendence where mental faculties retained, 27;
demand for superintendence of infants in i.h. met by female part of, 27;
belong to permanent stock of hands, 58, 121, 538 n., 668;
only persons whose capacity of reimbursing expence of relief wanting to be found among, 60 n., 536 n., 669–70;
aged and other, constitute upwards of quarter of pauper community according to Eden's census, 80;
marked in preference for being put upon out-allowance list, 80–1;
may require peculiarity in respect of employment v. separation, 166;
most of operations in cloathing branch of employment suitable to, 536;
appropriate comforts extended to, 644;
examples of employments suited to, 663
FELICITY: materials as old as creation all man has to work with in attempting to near fabrick of, 259;
and innocence in cottage v. i.h., 270–1 n.
FELLOW-INSTRUCTION PRINCIPLE: stated, 527;
branch of Indigenous-promotion principle, 527;
advantages of, 527;
examples of success of, 629 n.
FELONS: accidents without number causes by which multitude stand distinguished from those who have received title of, 66–8
FELONY: power of apprehension indiscriminately bestowed in case of, 214 n., 570 n.
pg 735FENCE: against unenclosed part of waste made double to make good separation as against strangers without doors, 110, 510
FERMENTED LIQUOR: See liquor(s)
FIELD(S): to be so laid out that eye of person stationed in watch-house may pervade whole of, 65, 107;
number of pest-huts equal to number of, 107
FIRE: security against mischief by, desired in i.h., 97, 503;
impossibility of destruction of life or property by, in inspection i.h., 105
FISH: hope of economy from use of, in dietary, 142;
expectations of mode of curing, by which benefit of glut extended, 534;
prospect of success from undertakings for catching and curing, cause of comfort extended to all classes, 642
FLUCTUATION: quantum of impotence not liable to considerable, 80;
high wages have pernicious tendency where rate subject to, 419 n.
FOOD: potatoes cheapest sort of, in comparison to degree of nutritiveness, 16;
cheapest, substituted to dear kinds in diet of Unripe Hands, 30;
dietary to be composed principally of vegetable, 142;
intrinsic fitness v. fashion and adoption of species of, 143 n.;
fishing recommendable from holding out means of procuring cheap, 149;
potatoes basis of, in i.h., 150;
of self-maintaining poor will bear retrenchment in quality v. quantity, 314–15 n.;
land employed in raising cheapest kind of, unperishable and productive subject-matter of labour, 315–18;
consumption in article of, encreased by new plan of provision for dependent poor, 436;
greater part of mankind use animal and vegetable, together, 531;
experiment regarding mixture of, 531;
quality and quantity of, in diet of non-adults, 531–2;
quality of, in i.h. not stimulating enough to invite to excess, 637–8
FOUNDLINGS: want of home particularly incident to, 505–6 n., 670;
transferable without reserve, 514 n., 669
FOUNDLING HOSPITAL: vitality among children brought up by, ascribed to use of Duty-and-Interest-junction principle, 119, 352–3 n., 623;
Chapel only part of, into which curiosity can penetrate, 353 n.;
account given by, of savings by kitchen on Count Rumford's plan, 626 n.
FRAGMENT(S): not smallest, of ability to be left unemployed, 119–20, 429–30, 518–19;
means of employing, of ability under NCC v. private employers, 325
FRANCE: rate of mortality in, 445;
age of marriage among first families in, 655 n.;
ordered for two centuries that King should be Louis in, 676 n.
FRIENDLY SOCIETY(IES): members of, not bound to burthensome poor by tie of sympathy, 18 n.;
reasons for proposing to, to engage for shares in NCC, 18–19 n.;
inadequacy of, in relation to solidity, 589–93;
inadequacy of, in relation to comprehensiveness, 593–5;
inadequacy of, in relation to scale of dealing, 596–7;
inadequacy of, in relation to place of business, 597–9;
benefit of, confined to towns, 599;
inadequacy of, in relation to book-keeping, 600;
collateral mischiefs to which, liable to give birth, 600–1, 605;
relief under sickness only suitable object for, 601 n.;
NCC might ease, of dangers, 604;
benefit from, as important as extensive, 604–5
FRIENDLY-SOCIETY-BANKS: See friendly society(ies)
FRUGALITY: shares in NCC small to promote, among self-maintaining poor, 3–4 n., 490 n.;
cut up by roots under philanthropic v. mercantile management, 4–5 n.;
chemistry handmaid of, 189;
removal of difficulties with regard to subsistence result of, of plan of maintenance and value given to labour of apprentices, 268–9;
discharged apprentices of NCC inured to habits of, 312;
inbred habits of systematical, advantage to child of Apprenticeship principle, 526;
point to be attended to in regard to cloathing, 534;
loans preserve spirit of, v. donations, 580;
brought forward by marriage-fund will maintain itself in maturer seasons, 588;
kept from rising higher by smallness of contribution to Friendly Societies, 596–7;
pg 736choosing tippling house for school of, like choosing brothel for school of continence, 598;
virtue which stands paramount to charity, 599–600;
principle of, rendered popular by Friendly Societies, 604
FRUGALITY-BANK(S): collateral establishment pecuniary, 9, 493;
shortness of distance between i.h. advantage to self-maintaining hands repairing to, 87;
bank instituted for purpose of supplying means of obtaining equivalent for small sums in shape of interest distinguished by name of, 585–6;
properties to be wished for in system of, 586–7;
plan for system of, 587–9;
of NCC v. Friendly Societies in point of vicinity and time for business, 597–600;
exigencies to which, of NCC least competent, 601–4;
customer gainer by competition between petty and General, 606. See friendly society(ies)
FUND(S): management of poor all over South Britain to be charged on one, 3, 488;
employment most eligible, for relief, 112;
use of self-supply in Suffolk i.h. arrested by want of common, 166–7 n.;
not least spark of benevolence required on part of those from whose contributions, of NCC formed, 370, 371;
afforded by poor rates sprung from humanity combined with bad economy of existing system, 374;
mass of property subjected to existing poor rates constitutes, of which sufficiency incontestible, 381;
labouring class or proprietory class exposed to oppression while charge of each individual thrown according to circumstances upon different, 393 n.;
intermediate security to rateable part of community afforded by subscription, advantage of NCC v. government management, 396, 682;
of private charity never extensive enough for case of children, 431;
exigencies operating as causes of demand for, in store among self-maintaining poor, 582–4;
sources of, in store to self-maintaining poor, 584–5;
secure against causes of failure wished for in Frugality-Banks, 586;
bestowed for private charity exposed to depredation, 632;
for expence of extra-comforts, 647–9
GALLERY: uppermost storey of i.h. consisting of six short floors, 102, 503;
width of stages of, 102–3;
descent of dome discloses, for chapel visitors, 503
GANG-WORK: and Separate-work principle, 126–8, 523–4
GENTLEFOLKS: one of two classes into which men stand distinguished in Britain, 167 n.
GENTLEMAN(MEN): essence of class of, consists in superiority, 167–8;
right in point of utility that, should tell for more than common man, 168;
public spirit may engage, to commence manufacturer with view to carrying on losing trade, 228 n.
GEOGRAPHY: subject of instruction discarded in i.h., 677
GEOMETRY: subject of instruction in i.h., 672
GILBERT'S BILL: visits by Governor under, 98–9 n.;
calls to prayers all able to attend, 99 n.;
treatment of out-of-employment hands under, 198 n.
GIRLS: brought up in i.h. nursing school sought for in private families, 252, 623;
assurance of obtaining returns from nursing, while on footing of apprentice v. after emancipation, 252–3, 623–4;
utility of i.h. regimen to friendless, in character of certificate and pledge of good behaviour, 612
GLASGOW: expence of child among self-maintaining poor at, 531 & n., 645 n.;
average expence of married man and family in, 584
GLUT(S): NCC can avoid producing, v. separate companies, 387–8, 679;
value in use not reduced by, v. value in exchange, 520–1;
expectations of mode of curing fish by which benefit of, extended, 534;
victualling of circumjacent i.h with fish on occasion of, 616 & n.
GOOD AND EVIL: mercy bestowed in profusion upon guilty source of greater part of internal evils we endure, 50–1;
good v. evil done by Philanthropic Society, 241–pg 7372 n.;
good v. mischief done by voluntary charity, 253–8;
inequality between rich and poor among scholars at public schools unmixed evil, 267 n.;
good v. mischief done by Honorary-reward, 523;
religion root of all evil in as far as terminates in idleness, 554 n.;
distribution of good and evil in way of insurance by contract v. self-insurance, 603–4
GOVERNESS: pay of, 137, 511 n.;
constant presence of, efficient cause of comfort, 266–7, 657;
part of pay of, given in annuities on lives of children under her care, 528
GOVERNMENT: state of present times suggests policy of giving lower classes palpable interest in existence of, 4 n.;
war-time supply to, occasional source of supply to NCC, 144;
title of poor to superior attention on part of, 168;
education is, in miniature, 169 n.;
of natural father v. management of Governor of i.h., 170–1;
may so order matters that beneficial application of intellectual talents more probable than pernicious application, 182;
absoluteness of subjection of man limited not by nature but by, 186–7 n.;
not in nature of, to avail itself of economical advantage while possible to forbear, 333;
constitution of local, puts negative on profitable industry in workhouse, 341, 355–68;
local, has not power or desire to detain child beyond self-maintaining age, 342–3;
under existing system each pauper establishment distinct, 351;
to have completed junction between interest and duty to have brought science and art of, to perfection, 353;
power of controul of NCC vested in, enforced by stoppage to payment of dividends, 379–80;
of Hindostan v. NCC, 384–5;
any capital supplied by voluntary contributions sufficient to put negative on vesting management in hands of, 396, 682;
attempt to take affairs of East India Company into hands of commission nominated by, sufficient ground for expulsion of ministry, 397 n., 682 n.;
economy of management by, v. NCC, 398–404, 458 n., 683;
relaxation of discipline endemial disease of, 401;
reduction in profit by powers of, would produce sensation of oppressive tax, 417;
authority of, v. private charity essential to economy, 430–3;
line of good management so clear that, might be trusted for adhering to it, 457 n.;
benefit of check from superintending power of, reason for vesting management of poor in joint-stock company, 488 n.;
way in which, can occupy itself in steadying prices, 566 n.;
deficiency of data in case of superannuation and widow-maintenance provision not to be supplied without aid of, 590 & n.;
nothing of oversight laid to score of, on account of collateral mischiefs to which management of Friendly Societies liable, 605 n.;
owes accessible justice and liberty of residence to all subjects, 605 n.;
preservation of plantations of ship-timber joint concern of NCC and, 617
GOVERNOR(S): power to, to detain pauper until balance of account discharged, 8;
obliged to receive every person brought under charge of begging, 8;
application of Life-Assurance principle called for in remuneration of, 118, 517, 528;
emoluments of, and securities to be afforded by, 136, 511 n.;
to recommend and be responsible for sub-governor, 136;
conducive to attracting talent to confer knighthood on person who shall have most distinguished himself in office of, 136–7 n., 530;
management in point of power to be vested solely in, 138, 528;
officer for first offence to be reprimanded by chaplain in presence of, 139;
instructions given by NCC to, in regard to dietaries, 140 n., 532;
temper of natural parent v., 170–1;
power of examination and commitment of beggars to, or Chaplain, 216, 571;
constant presence of, efficient cause of comfort, 266–7;
payment of, by salary v. contract or partnership, 528;
veto of chaplain or surgeon sufficient to suspend execution of order of, in specified cases, 529;
to present books exhibiting complaints made by paupers at every visitation, 547;
empowered to advance money to particular classes at rate little greater than common interest, 581
pg 738GRAMMAR: use of, subservient to faculty of pleasing with reference to superior classes, 558 n.;
need not be taught in i.h., 558 n., 677
GRAIN: price of, and question whether encrease in expence of poor just indication of encrease in pauper population, 288–91;
price of wheat sufficiently accurate index of price of, in general, 289;
above two-thirds of encrease in pauper expence accounted for by encrease in price of, 289–90;
causes tending to raise v. sink price of, 291 & n.
GUARDIAN(S): minors under fourteen consignable to i.h. by, 8;
presumption that parent child's best, fails in case of disreputable classes, 244 n., 578;
NCC not masters only but, to apprentice, 335, 551;
bad children class to which i.h. of use in capacity of reformation-house at instance of, 611;
use of i.h. in capacity of asylum against power of bad, 611–12
GUARDIAN ELDER(S): individuals of blameless character under name of, to continue intermixt with suspected classes, 68, 498–9;
has but to raise voice and official body gives redress to complaint, 69–70, 498;
corruption extirpated by infusion of, into unchaste ward, 71–2 n., 498;
institution of, included in plan of arrangement, 107;
set of, to be borrowed from burthensome poor and invested with authority in intended penitentiary, 107 n.;
constant presence of, cause of comfort to apprentices, 266–7, 657;
bath in land attached to i.h. clear by presence of, from objection on score of decency, 268, 652;
couples matched in dance by choice of, or by lot, 270–1 n.;
children of disreputable classes not exposed to conversation of father unless in presence of officer or, 578
GUARDIANSHIP: suspected classes be placed under, of Guardian Elders, 68;
additional chance given to child by, of NCC, 313;
of NCC saves wards from retrenchment on marriage, 340
HABIT(S): influence of fashion and, on diet of unripe hands under NCC v. existing system, 30, 139–40;
want of avowed employment indicates, of dishonesty, 66–7;
of unmoral language exercises influence on practice in virtue of association of ideas, 74;
of dissipation evil introduction to life of labour, 177, 311;
of labour secures against ennui, 179;
hardship to labour to him not in, of labouring, 193;
inveterate, not to be got rid of without pang, 213;
mean, among lower classes of asking for drink, 219;
means of keeping up, of exertion by beggar in i.h. v. prison, 231;
diagnostics to ascertain existence of, of depredation, 235–6, 575–6;
tyrannizes peasant not less than prince, 312;
of living upon little, source of affluence, 312, 314–15 n., 526;
wages and, of feeding on corn v. potatoes, 314–15 n.;
expence productive of enjoyment in proportion to ratio to demand resulting from, and expectations, 340;
separation at meal-times of those indulged in consideration of, with choicer fare, 498;
of frugality advantage to child of Apprenticeship principle, 526;
original, determined mostly by professions, 533;
paupership diet adjusted to, of best paid classes, 533;
lying abed without sleep, pernicious to health, 552–3 n.;
militia-men initiated into, of idleness and dissipation, 615;
opinion joins with, in adding to wants created by nature in case of past-prosperity hands, 647 n.
HABIT-RESPECTING PRINCIPLE: antagonist to Neighbour's-fare principle, 525;
application of, confined to stock of old-stagers, 525
HABITUAL DEPREDATION: could not be extirpated if begging tolerated, 212;
extirpated by same means as mendicity, 233–4, 575;
mischief of, v. mendicity, 233, 575–6;
plan for extirpation of, should embrace stigmatized classes, 234, 575;
nothing that can be termed punishment in plan for extirpation of, 234, 575;
plan for extirpation of, not compleat without universal register of inhabitants of kingdom, 238, 579;
provision for rising generation indispensable supplement to pg 739provision for extirpation of, 240–4;
necessary consequence of living without honest source of income, 576
HABITUAL DEPREDATORS: defined, 42–3;
must be compelled to come in, 233–5;
condition of pauper object of contempt to, 233;
unavowed-employment hands in other words, 234
HAMBURG: plan for extirpation of mendicity in, v. England, 569 n.;
rate of interest under public institution at, 582
HAND(S): profit of NCC will consist of savings made upon maintenance and employment of stock of, 12;
great part of present burthen composed of unworthy, 12;
distress to manufacturing, thrown out of employment by introduction of machinery, 41;
important distinction between standing stock and coming-and-going stock of, 57–8, 668;
NCC does utmost towards finding employment for willing, upon terms of liberty, 60;
working, v. superintending eyes in division of rules of management, 112;
perfection not work of single, 114 n.;
infirm and raw temporary, classes of which main strength of i.h. composed, 144;
self-supply plan promises to have affections of working, on its side, 146;
no unvarying stock of, can make provision for copious and occasional demand, 147;
concerns NCC to have as much work done by each, as consistent with health and comfort, 152;
in power of NCC to supply channel of intelligence between master-man wanting, and, wanting work, 197–8, 202–3, 561–3;
use of Employment-Register office to afford, to master-employers, 199, 563;
use of Employment-Register office and Employment Gazette to working, 200–1, 563–4;
Employment-Register office and Employment Gazette side with masters and under-paid, v. over-paid, 209, 566 n.;
large enough stock of, requisite for system of employment affording profit to employer, 223, 367, 573 n.;
that wages of labour in husbandry so low result of multitude of, v. quantity of employment, 269 n.;