pg 177SERMON 11Editor’s NoteCritical ApparatusTHE SECOND SERMON PREACHED[F3r]BEFORE KING CHARLES,Upon the xxvi verse of thefirst Chapter of GENESIS.By Dr. DONNE DEAN OF PAULS.
| Genesis 1. 26.[F4r]And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likenesse.
Editor’s Note8By fair occasion from these words, we proposed to you the whole compasse Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus9of mans voyage, from his launching forth in this world, to his anchoring Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus10in the next; from his hoysing sail here, to his striking sail there: in which Editor’s Note11compasse we designed to you his foure quarters: first, his East, where he must 12begin, the fundamentall knowledge of the Trinitie (for that we found to be the 13specification & distinctive character of a Christian) where, though that be so, Editor’s Note14we shewed you also, why we were not called Trinitarians, but Christians: and 15we shewed you the advantage that | man hath, in laying hold upon God in[F4v] Editor’s Note16these severall notions; That the prodigall sonne hath an indulgent father; 17that the decayed father hath an abundant sonne; that the dejected spirit hath a Editor’s Note18Spirit of comfort to fly to in heaven. And as we shewed you from S. Paul, that 19it was an Atheisme to be no Christian: (Without God, sayes he, as long as 20without Christ) so we lamented the slacknesse of Christians, that they did not 21seriously and particularly consider the persons of the Trinitie, and especially Critical Apparatus22the holy Ghost, in their particular actions: And then we came to that con-Editor’s Note23sideration, whether this doctrine were established, or directly insinuated, in Critical Apparatus24this plurall word of our text, Faciamus, Let us make man: and we found that Critical Apparatus25doctrine to be here, and here first, of any place in the Bible: and finding God to Editor’s Note26speak in the plurall, we accepted (for a time) that interpretation which some 27had made thereof, That God spake in the person of a Soveraigne Prince, and Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus28therefore (as they do) in the plurall, We: And thereby having established 29reverence to Princes, we claymed, in Gods behalf, the same reverence to him; 30that men would demean themselves here, when God is spoken to in prayer, as Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus31reverently as when they speak to the King. But afterwards we found God to 32speak here not onely as our King, but as our Maker, as God himself, and God pg 178Editor’s Note33[G1r]in councel, Faciamus: And we applied thereunto the difference of our re- | 34spect to a person of that honourable rank, when we came before him at the 35councel-table, and when we came to him at his own table; and thereby 36advanced the seriousnesse of this consideration, God in the Trinitie. And Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus37farther we sailed not with our Eastern winde. Our West we considered in the 38next word, Hominem; That, though we were made by the whole Trinitie, yet 39the whole Trinitie made us but men, and men in this name of our text, Adam; Editor’s Note40and Adam is but earth: and that is our West, our declination, our Sun-set. We Editor’s Note41passed over the foure names, by which man is ordinarily expressed in the 42scriptures; and we found necessary miserie in three of them; and possible, nay, 43likely miserie in the fourth, in the best name. We insisted upon the name of Editor’s Note44our text, Adam, earth; and had some use of these notes; first, That if I were but 45earth, God was pleased to be the potter; If I but a sheep, he a shepherd; If I but Critical Apparatus46a cottage, he a builder: So he work upon me, let me be what he will. We noted, Editor’s Note47that God made us earth, not aire, not fire; that man hath bodily and worldly 48duties to perform, and is not all spirit in this life. Devotion is his soul: but he 49hath a bodie of discretion & usefulnesse to invest in some calling. We noted Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus50too, that in being earth we are equall: we tried that equalitie, first in the root, 51in Adam; there if any man will be nobler earth then I, he must have more 52[G1v]originall sinne then I: for that was all A- | dams patrimonie, all that he could Editor’s Note53give. And we tried this equalitie in another furnace, in the grave; where there 54is no means to distinguish royall from plebeian, nor catholick from hereticall Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus55dust. And lastly we noted, that this our earth was red; & considered in what 56respect it was red, even in Gods hands; but found that in the bloud-rednesse 57of sinne, God had no hand; but sinne, and destructions for sinne, were wholly Editor’s Note58from our selves: which consideration we ended with this, that there was a 59Macula alba, a white spot of leprosie, as well as a red: and we found the 60overvaluation of our own puritie, and the uncharitable condemnation of all 61that differ from us, to be that white spot. And so farre we sailed with that Critical Apparatus62Western winde, & are come to our third point in this our compasse, our North.
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus63 III. Part. In this point, the North, we place our first comfort. The North is not Editor’s Note64 Aquilo. alwayes the comfortablest clime; nor is the North alwayes a type of happinesse Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus65in the scriptures. Many times God threatens storms from the North: but even 66in those Northern storms, we consider their action, that they scatter, they Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus67 Job 37.22. dissipate those clouds which were gathered, and so induce a serenitie. And so Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus68fair weather comes from the North. The consideration of our West, our low Editor’s Note69estate, that we are but earth, but red earth, died red by our selves; and that Critical Apparatus70[G2r]imaginary white, which appears so to us, is | but a white of leprosie: this West Editor’s Note71inwraps us in heavie clouds of murmuring in this life, that we cannot live so 72freely as beasts do; and in clouds of desperation for the next life, that we pg 179Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus73cannot die so absolutely as beasts do. We die all our lives; and yet we live after Critical Apparatus74our deaths: These are our clouds; & then the North shakes these clouds. The Prov. 25.23. 75North-winde driveth away the rain, sayes Solomon. There is a North in our text, Editor’s Note76that drives all these tears from our eyes. Christ calls upon the North as well as Cant. 4.16. 77the South, to blow upon his garden, and to diffuse the perfumes thereof. 78Adversitie, as well as prosperitie, opens the bountie of God unto us; and 79oftentimes better. But that is not the benefit of the North, in our present Critical Apparatus80consideration: but this is it, that first our Sunne sets in the West. The Eastern 81dignitie which we received in our first creation, as we were the work of the 82whole Trinitie, falls under a Western cloud, that that Trinitie made us but Critical Apparatus83earth. And then blows our North, and scatters this cloud; that this earth hath Critical Apparatus84a nobler form then any other part or limbe of the world: for we are made by a 85fairer pattern, by a nobler image, by a higher likenesse. Faciamus; Though we 86make but a man, Let us make him in our image, after our likenesse.
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus87The varietie which the holy Ghost uses here in the pen of Moses, hath given 88occasion to divers, to raise divers observations upon | these words, which[G2v] Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus89seem divers, Image and Likenesse; as also in the varietie of the phrase: for it is 90thus conceived and layed, In our image; and then, After our likenesse. I know it Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus91is a good rule that Damascen gives, Parva non sunt parva, ex quibus magna 92proveniunt; Nothing is to be neglected, as little, from which great things may arise: Editor’s Note93If the consequence may be great, the thing must not be thought little. No Critical Apparatus94Jod in the scripture shall perish; therefore no Jod is superfluous: if it were 95superfluous, it might perish. Words, and lesse particles then words, have 96busied the whole Church.
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus97In the Councel of Ephesus, where Bishops in a great number excommuni-98cated Bishops in a greater; Bishop against Bishop, and Patriarch against 99Patriarch; in which case, when both parties had made strong parties in Court, Critical Apparatus100and the Emperour forbore to declare himself on either side for a time, he was 101told, that he refused to assent to that which 6000 Bishops had agreed in: the 102strife was but for a word, whether the blessed Virgin might be called Deipara, 103The mother of God, for Christipara, The mother of Christ; which Christ all agree 104to be God. Nestorius and all his partie agreed with Cyril, that she might be. In Editor’s Note105the Councel of Calcedon, the difference was not so great, as for a word com-106posed of syllables. It was but for a syllable, whether Ex or In. The heretiques 107condemned then, confessed Christ to be Ex du- | abus naturis, to be composed[G3r] 108of two natures, at first; but not to be In duabus naturis, not to consist of two Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus109natures after. And for that In, they were thrust out. In the Councel of Nice, it Critical Apparatus110was not so much as a syllable made of letters; for it was but for one letter; Critical Apparatus111whether Homoousion, or Homöusion, was the issue. Where the question hath pg 180112not been of divers words, nor syllables, nor letters, but onely of the place of Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus113words, what tempestuous differences have risen! How much hath sola fides Critical Apparatus114and fides sola changed the case! Nay, where there hath been no quarrell for 115precedencie, for transposing of words, or syllables, or letters, where there hath Editor’s Note116not been so much as a letter in question, how much doth an accent varie a Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus117sense! An interrogation or no interrogation, will make it directly contrarie. All Critical Apparatus118 Gen. 4.13. Christian expositours reade those words of Cain, My sinne is greater then can be 119pardoned, positively; and so they are evident words of desperation. The Jews 120reade them with an interrogation, Are my sinnes greater then can be pardoned? Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus121 Mich. 5.3. and so they are words of compunction and repentance. The prophet Micheas Critical Apparatus122 Matth. 2.6. sayes, that Bethlehem is a small place: The Evangelist S. Matthew sayes, No Critical Apparatus123small place. An interrogation in Micheas mouth reconciles it; Art thou a small 124place? amounts to that, Thou art not. Sounds, voices, words, must not be Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus125neglected: for Christs forerunner, John Baptist, qualified himself no other-Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus126[G3v]wise; he was but a voice: and | Christ himself is Verbum; The Word is the Editor’s Note127name even of the Sonne of God. No doubt but States-men & Magistrates 128finde often the danger of having suffered small abuses to passe uncorrected. Editor’s Note129We that see State-businesse but in the glasse of storie, and cannot be shut out Editor’s Note130of chronicles, see there, upon what little objects the eye and the jealousie Editor’s Note131of the State is oftentimes forced to bend it self. We know in whose times 132in Rome a man might not weep, he might not sigh, he might not look pale, 133he might not be sick, but it was informed against, as a discontent, as a mur-134muring against the present government, and an inclination to change. And 135truely many times, upon Damascens true ground, though not alwayes well Critical Apparatus136applied, Parva non sunt parva; Nothing may be thought little, when the con-137sequence may prove great. In our own sphere, in the Church, we are sure it Critical Apparatus138is so; great inconveniencies grew upon small tolerations. Therefore in that 139businesse, which occasioned all that trouble which we mentioned before, in Editor’s Note140the Councel of Ephesus, when S. Cyril wrote to the Clergie of his diocesse 141about it, at first he sayes, Præstiterat abstinere, It had been better these questions 142had not been raised: but (sayes he) Si his nugis nos adoriantur, If they vex us with 143these impertinences, these trifles: And yet these, which were but trifles at first, Editor’s Note144came to occasion Councels; and then to divide Councel against Councel; and 145[G4r]then to force the Empe- | rour to take away the power of both Councels, 146and govern in Councel by his Vicar generall, a secular Lord sent from Court. Editor’s Note147And therefore did some of the Ancients (particularly Philastrius) crie down 148some opinions for heresies, which were not matters of faith, but of philoso-149phie; and even in philosophie truely held by them who were condemned for 150hereticks, and mistaken by their Judges that condemned them. Little things Critical Apparatus151were called in question, lest great things should passe unquestioned: and some pg 181152of these upon Damascens true ground (still true in rule, but not alwayes in 153the application) Parva non sunt parva; Nothing may be thought little, where Critical Apparatus154the consequence may prove great. Descend we from those great spheres, the 155State and the Church, into a lesser, that is, the conscience of particular men, Critical Apparatus156and consider the danger of exposing those vines to little foxes; of leaving small Cant. 2.15. Editor’s Note157sinnes unconsidered, unrepented, uncorrected. In that glistering circle in Editor’s Note158the firmament, which we call the Galaxie, the milkie-way, there is not one 159starre of any of the six great magnitudes, which Astronomers proceed upon, Critical Apparatus160belonging to that circle: it is a glorious circle, and possesseth a great part of 161heaven; and yet is all of so little starres as have no name, no knowledge taken Critical Apparatus162of them: So certainly there are many Saints in heaven, that shine as starres, Editor’s Note163and yet are not of those great magnitudes, to have been Patri- | archs, or[G4v] 164Prophets, or Apostles, or Martyrs, or Doctours, or Virgins; but good & blessed Editor’s Note165souls, that have religiously performed the duties of inferiour callings, and no 166more. And as certainly there are many souls tormented in hell, that never Editor’s Note167sinned sinne of any of the great magnitudes, Idolatry, Adultery, Murder, or the Editor’s Note168like; but inconsiderately have slid, and insensibly continued in the practise 169and habit of lesser sinnes. But parva non sunt parva; Nothing may be thought 170little, where the consequence may prove great. When our Saviour sayes, That Matth. 12.36. Editor’s Note171we shall give an account for every idle word in the day of judgement, what great Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus172hills of little sands will oppresse us then! And if substances of sinne were Critical Apparatus173removed, yet what circumstances of sinne would condemne us! If idle words Critical Apparatus174have this weight, there can be no word thought idle in the Scriptures: And 175therefore I blame not in any, I decline not in mine own practise, the making Editor’s Note176use of the varietie and copiousnesse of the holy Ghost, who is ever abundant, Editor’s Note177and yet never superfluous in expressing his purpose in change of words. And 178so no doubt we might do now in observing a difference between these words in 179our text, Image, and Likenesse; and between these two forms of expressing it, Critical Apparatus180In our image, and, After our likenesse. This might be done. But that that must Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus181be done, will possesse all our time; that is, to declare (taking the two for this 182time to be | but a farther illustration of one another; Image and Likenesse, to[H1r] Critical Apparatus183our present purpose, to be all one) what this image and this likenesse imports; 184and how this North scatters our former cloud; what our advantage is, that we 185are made to an image, to a pattern; and our obligation to set a pattern before us 186in all our actions.
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus187God appointed Moses to make all that he made, by a pattern. God himself 188made all that he made, according to a pattern. God had deposited and laid up 189in himself certain forms, patterns, Ideas of every thing that he made. He made 190nothing, of which he had not preconceived the form, and predetermined in Editor’s Note191himself, I will make it thus. And when he had made anything, he saw it was 192good; Good, because it answered the pattern, the image; Good, because it was pg 182Editor’s Note193like to that. And therefore though of other creatures God pronounced they 194were good, because they were presently like their pattern, that is, like that 195form which was in him for them: yet of man, he forbore to say that he was 196good; because his conformitie to his pattern was to appeare after in his sub-197sequent actions. Now as God made man after another pattern, and therefore Editor’s Note198we have a dignitie above all, that we had another manner of creation then 199the rest: so have we a comfort above all, that we have another manner of 200administration then the rest. God exercises another manner of providence Critical Apparatus201[H1v]upon man, then upon other | creatures. A sparrow falls not without God, sayes 202 Matth. 10.29. Christ: yet no doubt God works otherwise in the fall of eminent persons, Editor’s Note203then in the fall of sparrows; for ye are of more value then many sparrows, sayes 204Christ there of every man: & some men single, are of more value then many Editor’s Note205men. God doth not thank the ant, for her industrie and good husbandrie in Editor’s Note206 Judg. 15.4. providing for her self. God doth not reward the foxes, for concurring with Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus207 1. King. 13.24. Samson in his revenge. God doth not fee the lion, which was his executioner Critical Apparatus208 2. King. 2.24. upon the Prophet which had disobeyed his commandment; nor those two she-Editor’s Note209bears, which slew the petulant children who had calumniated and reproached 210Elisha. God doth not fee them before, nor thank them after, nor take Critical Apparatus211 Exod. 32.25. knowledge of their service: But for those men that served Gods execution 212upon the idolaters of the golden calf, it is pronounced in their behalf, that Editor’s Note213therein they consecrated themselves unto God; and for that service God 214made that Tribe, the Tribe of Levi, his portion, his clergie, his consecrated Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus215 Gen. 22.16. Tribe: So, Quia fecisti hoc, sayes God to Abraham, By my self I have sworn, 216because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy sonne, thine onely Critical Apparatus217sonne: that in blessing I will blesse thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thee. So 218 2. Pet. 2.22. neither is God angrie with the dog that turns to his vomit; nor with the sow, 219that after her washing wallows in the mire. But of man in that case he sayes, Editor’s Note220[H2r]It is impossible for | those who were once enlightned, if they fall away, to renew 221 Hebr. 6.4. themselves again by repentance. The creatures live under his law, but a law Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus222imposed thus, This they shall do, this they must do: Man lives under another 223manner of law, This you shall do, that is, This you should do, This I would Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus224have you do. And, Fac hoc, Do this, and you shall live; disobey, and you Critical Apparatus225shall die: but yet the choice is yours; choose you this day life or death. So that 226this is Gods administration in the creature, that he hath imprinted in them 227an instinct, and so he hath something to preserve in them: In man, his 228administration is this, that he hath imprinted in him a facultie of will and Editor’s Note229election, and hath something to reward in him. That instinct in the creature 230God leaves to the naturall working thereof in it self: but the free-will of man Editor’s Note231God visits & assists with his grace, to do supernaturall things. When the 232creature doth an extraordinarie action above the nature thereof (as when Editor’s Note233Balaams asse spake) the creature exercises no facultie, no will in it self; but pg 183234God forced it to that it did. When man doth any thing conducing to super-235naturall ends, though the work be Gods, the will of man is not meerly passive. 236The will of man is but Gods agent; but still an agent it is, and an agent in 237another manner then the tongue of the beast. For the will considered as a Editor’s Note238will (and grace never destroyes nature; nor, though it make a dead will a live 239will, or an ill will a | good will, doth it make the will no will) might refuse or[H2v] 240omit that it does. So that because we are created by another pattern, we are 241governed by another law, and another providence.
Editor’s Note242Go thou then the same way. If God wrought by a pattern, and writ by Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus243a copie, and proceeded by a precedent; do thou so too. Never say, There is no 244Church without errour; therefore I will be bound by none, but frame a Editor’s Note245Church of mine own, or be a Church to my self. What greater injustice then to 246propose no image, no pattern to thy self to imitate; and yet propose thy self for Editor’s Note247a pattern, for an image to be adored? Thou wilt have singular opinions, and 248singular wayes, differing from all other men: and yet all that are not of thy Editor’s Note249opinion, must be hereticks; and all reprobates, that go not thy wayes. Propose 250good patterns to thy self, and thereby become a fit pattern for others. God (we Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus251see) was the first that made images; and he was the first that forbad them: he Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus252made them for imitation; he forbad them, in danger of adoration. For, what a 253basenesse, what a madnesse of the soul is it, to worship that which is no better, Critical Apparatus254nay, not so good as it self! Worship belongs to the best: know then thy distance Editor’s Note255and thy period, how farre to go, and where to stop. Dishonour not God by an Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus256image, in worshipping it; and yet benefit thy self by it in following it: There | [H3r] 257is no more danger out of a picture, then out of a historie, if thou intend no 258more in either then example. Though thou have a West, a dark and a sad 259condition, that thou art but earth, a man of infirmities, and ill-counselled in Critical Apparatus260thy self: yet thou hast here a North, that scatters and dispells these clouds, 261that God proposes to thee in his Scriptures; and otherwise, images, patterns 262of good and holy men to go by. But beyond this North, this assistance of good Editor’s Note263examples of men, thou hast a South, a Meridionall height, by which thou seest 264thine image, thy pattern, to be no copie, no other man, but the originall it self, 265God himself: Faciamus ad nostram; Let us make man in our image, after our 266likenesse.
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus267Here we consider first, where the image is; and then, what it doth: first, in IIII Part. Meridies. Editor’s Note268what part of man God hath imprinted this his image; and then, what this Editor’s Note269image conferres and derives upon man, what it works in man. And as when we 270seek God in his essence, we are advised to proceed by negatives (God is not Editor’s Note271mortall, not passible:) so when we seek the image of God in man, we begin with Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus272a negative, This image is not his Bodie. Tertullian declined to think it was; nay, pg 184Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus273Tertullian inclined others to think so; for he is the first that is noted to have Critical Apparatus274been the authour of that opinion that God had a bodie: yet S. Augustine Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus275[H3v]excuses Tertullian for heresie: Because (sayes he) Tertullian might | mean, That 276it was so sure that there is a God; and that God was a certain, though not a finite Critical Apparatus277essence; that God was so farre from being nothing, as that he had rather a Editor’s Note278bodie. Because it was possible to give a good interpretation of Tertullian, that Critical Apparatus279charitable Father would excuse him of heresie. I would S. Augustines charitie Editor’s Note280might prevail with them that pretend to be Augustinianissimi, and to adore him Editor’s Note281so much in the Romane Church, not to cast the name of Heresie upon every 282probleme, nor the name of Heretick upon every inquirer of truth. S. Augustine Editor’s Note283would deliver Tertullian from heresie, in a point concerning God; and they 284will condemne us of heresie, in every point that may be drawn to concern, not Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus285the Church, but the Court of Rome; not their doctrine, but their profit. Malo de 286misericordia Deo rationem reddere, quàm de crudelitate; I shall better answer God Editor’s Note287for my mildnesse, then for my severitie. And though anger towards a brother, or a Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus288Racha, or a Fool, will bear an action; yet he shall recover lesse against me at Critical Apparatus289that barre, whom I have called weak, or misse-led (as I must necessarily call Editor’s Note290many in the Romane Church) then he whom I have passionately and per-Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus291emptorily called heretick: for I dare call an opinion heresie for the matter, a 292great while before I dare call the man that holds it an heretick: for that consists Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus293much in the manner. It must be matter of faith, before the matter be heresie; Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus294[H4r]but there must be | pertinacie after convenient instruction, before the man 295be an heretick. But how excusable soever Tertullian be herein, in S. Augustines Critical Apparatus296charitie, there was a whole sect of hereticks an hundred yeares after Tertullian, Editor’s Note297the Audiani, who over literally taking those places of Scripture, where God is 298said to have hands, and feet, and eyes, and eares, beleeved God to have a bodie 299like ours; and accordingly interpreted this text, that in that image, and that 300likenesse, a bodily likenesse, consisted this image of God in man. And yet even Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus301these men, these Audians, Epiphanius (who first took knowledge of them) calls 302but schismaticks, not hereticks: so loth is charitie to say the worst of any. Ye t we 303must remember them of the Romane perswasion, that they come too neare Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus304giving God a bodie in their pictures of God the Father: and they bring the 305bodie of God, that bodie which God the Sonne hath assumed, the bodie of Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus306Christ, too neare in their Transsubstantiation: not too neare our faith (for so it Critical Apparatus307cannot be brought too neare to our sense, so it is as really there as we are there) 308not too neare in the ubi; for so it is there, there, that is, in that place to which Critical Apparatus309the Sacrament extends it self: for the Sacrament extends as well to heaven, 310from whence it fetches grace, as to the table from whence it delivers bread and pg 185Critical Apparatus311wine: but too neare in modo; for it comes not thither that way. We must 312necessarily complain, that they | make religion too bodily a thing. Our[H4v] 313Saviour Christ corrected Marie Magdalenes zeal, where she flew to him in a Critical Apparatus314personall devotion; and he said, Touch me not, for I am not yet ascended to my John 20.17. Editor’s Note315Father. Fix your meditations upon Christ Jesus, so as he is now at the right 316hand of his Father in heaven, and entangle not your selves so with contro-Editor’s Note317versies about his bodie, as to lose reall charitie for imaginarie zeal; nor enlarge 318your selves so farre in the pictures and images of his bodie, as to worship Editor’s Note319them more then him. As Damascen sayes of God, that he is Superprincipale Critical Apparatus320principium, A beginning before any beginning we can conceive; and præ-æterna 321æternitas, an eternitie infinitely elder then any eternity we can imagine: so he is 322superspiritualis Spiritus, such a Superspirit, as that the soul of man, and the 323substance of angels, is but a bodie compared to this Spirit. God hath no bodie, 324though Tertullian disputed it, though the Audians preached it, though the Critical Apparatus325Papists paint it: and therefore this image of God is not in the body of man that 326way.
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus327Nor that way neither which some others have assigned, That God, who 328hath no bodie as God, yet in the creation did assume that form which man 329hath now, and so made man in his image, that is, in that form which he had Editor’s Note330then assumed. Some of the ancients thought so; and some other men of great 331estimation in the Romane Church have thought so too. In particu- | lar,[I1r] Editor’s Note332Oleaster, a great officer in the Inquisition of Spain. But great inquirers into 333other men, are easie neglecters of themselves. The image of God is not in 334mans bodie this way.
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus335Nor that third way which others have imagined, that is, that when God Editor’s Note336said, Let us make man after our likenesse, God had respect to that form, which 337in the fulnesse of time his Sonne was to take upon him upon earth. Let us Critical Apparatus338make him now (sayes God) at first, like that which I intend hereafter my Critical Apparatus339Sonne shall be: for though this were spoken before the fall of man, and so Editor’s Note340before any occasion of decreeing the sending of Christ; yet in the School a Critical Apparatus341great part of great men adhere to that opinion, That God from all eternitie 342had a purpose, that his Sonne should become man in this world, though Adam Editor’s Note343had not fallen; Non ut medicus, sed ut Dominus, ad nobilitandum genus humanum, 344say they: Though Christ had not come as a Redeemer, if man had not needed 345him by sinne, but had kept his first state; yet as a Prince, that desired to heap 346honour upon him whom he loves, to do man an honour by his assuming that 347nature, Christ (say they) should have come: and to that image, that form Editor’s Note348which he was to take then, was man made in this text, say these imaginers. Critical Apparatus349But (alas!) how much better were wit and learning bestowed, to prove to 350the Gentiles that a Christ must come (that they beleeve not) to prove to the 351Jews, that the Christ is come (that | they beleeve not) to prove to our own[I1v] pg 186352consciences, that the same Christ may come again this minute to judgement 353(we live as though we beleeved not that) then to have filled the world, and torn 354the Church with frivolous disputations, Whether Christ should have come Editor’s Note355if Adam had not fallen! Wo unto fomentours of frivolous disputations. None 356of these wayes: not because God hath a bodie, not because God assumed a 357bodie; not because it was intended that Christ should be born, before it was Critical Apparatus358intended that man should be made, is this image of God in the bodie of man: Editor’s Note359nor hath it in any other relation respect to the bodie; but, as we say in the 360School, arguitivè, and significativé; that because God hath given man a bodie 361of a nobler form then any other creature, we inferre, and argue, and conclude 362from thence, that God is otherwise represented in man then in any other Critical Apparatus363creature: and so farre is this image of God in the bodie above that in the Editor’s Note364creatures, that as you see some pictures, to which the very tables are jewels; Editor’s Note365some watches, to which the very cases are jewels; and therefore they have Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus366outward cases too; and so the picture and the watch are in that outward case, 367of what meaner stuff soever that be: so is this image in this bodie, as in an 368outward case, so as that you may not injure nor enfeeble this bodie, neither by Editor’s Note369sinfull intemperance and licentiousnesse, nor by inordinate fastings or other 370[I2r]disciplines of | imaginarie merits, while the bodie is alive; for the image of Critical Apparatus371God is in it: nor defraud the body of decent buriall and due solemnities after 372death; for the image of God is to return to it. But yet the bodie is but the Critical Apparatus373outward case, and God looks not for the gilding, or enamelling, or painting of Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus374that; but requires the labour and cost therein to be bestowed upon the table it Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus375self, in which this image is immediately, that is, the soul: and that is truely the Critical Apparatus376ubi, the place where this image is. And there remains onely now the operation 377thereof, how this image of God in the soul of man works.
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus378The sphere then of this Intelligence, the gallerie for this picture, the arch 379for this statue, the table and frame and shrine for this image of God, is Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus380inwardly and immediately the soul of man: not immediately so, as that the 381soul of man is a part of the essence of God; for so essentially Christ onely is Editor’s Note382the image of God. S. Augustine at first thought so; Putabam te, Deus, corpus 383lucidum, & me frustum de illo corpore: I took thee, O God (sayes that Father) to Critical Apparatus384be a globe of fire, and my soul to be a spark of that fire; thee to be a bodie of light, 385and my soul to be a beam of that light. But S. Augustine doth not onely retract Editor’s Note386that in himself, but dispute against it in the Manichees. But this image is in our Editor’s Note387soul, as the soul is the wax, and this image is the seal. The comparison is 388[I2v]S. Cyrils; and he addes well, that no seal but that which printed | the wax at Critical Apparatus389first, can fit that wax, and fill that impression after: no image, but the image of Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus390God, can fit our soul; every other seal is too narrow, too shallow for it. The pg 187391magistrate is sealed with the Lion; the Wolf will not fit that seal: the magistrate Editor’s Note392hath a power in his hand, but not oppression. Princes are sealed with the Crown; Editor’s Note393the Mitre will not fit that seal. Powerfully and graciously they protect the 394Church, and are supream heads of the Church; but they minister not Critical Apparatus395the Sacraments of the Church: they give preferments, but they give not the Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus396capacitie of preferments: they give order who shall have, but they have not Critical Apparatus397Orders by which they are enabled to have that they have. Men of inferiour and Editor’s Note398laborious callings in the world are sealed with the Crosse; a Rose, or a bunch of Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus399Grapes will not answer that seal: ease and plentie in age must not be looked for Editor’s Note400without crosses, and labour, and industrie in youth. All men, Prince and Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus401people, Clergie and Magistrate, are sealed with the image of God, with a 402conformitie to him; and worldly seals will not answer that, nor fill up that seal. 403We should wonder to see a mother in the midst of many sweet children, Editor’s Note404passing her time in making babies and puppets for her own delight. We should Editor’s Note405wonder to see a man, whose chambers and galleries were full of curious Editor’s Note406master-pieces, thrust in a village-fayre, to look upon sixpenie pictures & Editor’s Note407three-farthing prints. We have all the image of God | at home; and we all[I3r] Editor’s Note408make babies, fancies of honour in our ambitions. The master-piece is our own, 409in our own bosome; and we thrust in countrey-fayres, that is, we endure the Editor’s Note410distempers of any unseasonable weather, in night-journeys and watchings; we 411endure the oppositions, and scorns, and triumphs of a rivall and competitour, Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus412that seeks with us, and shares with us. We endure the guiltinesse and reproach 413of having deceived the trust which a confident friend reposes in us, and Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus414solicite his wife or daughter. We endure the decay of fortune, of bodie, of soul, Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus415of honour, to possesse lower pictures; pictures that are not originals, not made Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus416by that hand of God, Nature; but artificiall beauties: and for that bodie we give 417a soul; and for that drug which might have been bought where they bought it, 418for a shilling, we give an estate. The image of God is more worth then all Editor’s Note419substances; and we give it for colours, for dreams, for shadows.
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus420But the better to prevent the losse, let us consider the having of this image; Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus421in what respect, in what operation this image is in our soul: for whether this Editor’s Note422image be in those faculties, which we have in Nature; or in those qualifications Editor’s Note423which we have in Grace; or in those super-illustrations, which the blessed shall Editor’s Note424have in Glorie, hath exercised the contemplation of many. Properly this image 425is in nature; in the naturall reason and other faculties | of the immortall soul[I3v] Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus426of man; for thereupon doth S. Bernard say, Imago Dei uri potest in gehenna, non 427exuri; till the soul be burnt to ashes, to nothing (which cannot be done, no not Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus428in hell) the image of God cannot be burnt out of the soul; for it is radically, pg 188Critical Apparatus429primarily in the very soul it self: and whether that soul be infused into the Critical Apparatus430elect, or reprobate, that image is in that soul: as farre as he hath a soul by 431nature, he hath the image of God by nature in it. But then the seal is deeper 432cut, or harder pressed, or better preserved in some then in others, and in some Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus433other considerations then meerly naturall: therefore we may consider man, 434who was made here to the image of God, and of God in three persons, to have Editor’s Note435been made so in Gods intendment three wayes: Man had this image in Nature, Editor’s Note436and doth deface it; he hath it also in Grace here, and so doth refresh it; and he Editor’s Note437shall have it in Glorie hereafter, and that shall fix it, establish it. And in every 438of these three, in this Trinitie in man, Nature, Grace, and Glorie, man hath 439not onely the image of God, but the image of all the persons of the Trinitie, in Critical Apparatus440every of his three capacities. He hath the image of the Father, the image of the 441Sonne, the image of the holy Ghost, in nature; and all these also in grace; and Critical Apparatus442all these in glorie too. How all these are in all, I cannot hope to handle Editor’s Note443[I4r]particularly, not though I were upon the first grain of our sand, | upon the Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus444first dram of your patience, upon the first flash of my strength: But a cleare 445repeating of these many branches, that these things are thus, that all the 446persons of the heavenly Trinitie are (in their image) in every branch of this 447humane Trinitie in man, may (at least must) suffice.
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus448In nature then, man, that is, the soul of man, hath this image of God; of Editor’s Note449God, considered in his unitie, entirely, altogether in this, that this soul is 450made of nothing, proceeds of nothing. All other creatures are made of that 451preexistent matter which God had made before; so were our bodies too, but Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus452our souls of nothing: now not to be made at all, is to be God himself; onely 453God himself was never made. But to be made of nothing, to have no other Editor’s Note454parent but God, no other element but the breath of God, no other instrument Critical Apparatus455but the purpose of God, this is to be the image of God; for this is nearest to 456God himself (who was never made at all) to be made of nothing. And then man Critical Apparatus457(considered in nature) is otherwise the nearest representation of God too: for Editor’s Note458the steps which we consider, are foure; First, Esse, Being; for some things have 459onely a being, and no life, as stones: Secondly, Vivere, Living; for some things 460have life, and no sense, as plants: and then thirdly, Sentire, Sense; for some Critical Apparatus461[I4v]things have sense, and no understanding; which understanding and | reason 462man hath with his being, and life, and sense; and so is in a nearer station to Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus463God, then any creature, and a livelier image of him (who is the root of being) 464then all they; because man onely hath all the declarations of beings. Nay, if we 465consider Gods eternitie, the soul of man hath such an image of that, as that, Editor’s Note466though man had a beginning, which the originall, the eternall God himself 467had not; yet man shall no more have an end, then the originall, the eternall pg 189Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus468God himself shall have. And this image of eternitie, this post-meridian, this 469after-noon eternitie, that is, this perpetuitie and after-everlastingnesse is in Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus470man, meerly as a naturall man, without any consideration of grace: for the 471reprobate can no more die, that is, come to nothing, then the elect. It is but of Editor’s Note472the naturall man that Theodoret sayes, A King built a citie, and erected his statue Critical Apparatus473in the middest of that citie; that is, God made man, and imprinted his image in Critical Apparatus474his soul. How will this King take it (sayes that Father) to have this statue thrown Editor’s Note475down? Every man doth so, if he do not exalt his naturall faculties, if he do not Critical Apparatus476hearken to the law written in his heart, if he do not run, as Plato, or as 477Socrates, in the wayes of vertuous actions; he throws down the statue of this Editor’s Note478King, he defaces the image of God. How would this King take it (sayes he) if Critical Apparatus479any other statue, especially the statue of his enemie should be set up in his place? 480Every man doth so too, that embraces | false opinions in matter of doctrine, or[K1r] Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus481false appearances of happinesse in matter of conversation; for these a naturall 482man may avoid in many cases, without that addition of Grace which is offered 483to us as Christians. That comparison of other creatures to man, which is 484intimated in Job, is intended but of the naturall man. There speaking of 485Behemoth, that is, of the greatest of creatures, he sayes in our Translation that Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus486He is the chief of the wayes of God: S. Hierom hath it, Principium; and others Job 40.19. Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus487before him, Initium viarum Dei; that when God went the progresse over Editor’s Note488the world in the creation thereof, he did but begin, he did but set out at Critical Apparatus489Behemoth, at the best of all such creatures; He. All they were but Initium Critical Apparatus490viarum, The beginning of the wayes of God: but, Finis viarum, the end of his Editor’s Note491journey, and the eve, the vespers of his Sabbath, was the making of man, even Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus492of the naturall man. Behemoth and the other creatures were vestigia, sayes the 493School. In them we may see where God hath gone; for all being is from God: Editor’s Note494and so every thing that hath a being, hath filiationem vestigii, a testimonie of Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus495Gods having passed that way, and called in there: but man hath filiationem Editor’s Note496imaginis, an expression of his image; and doth the office of an image or picture, Editor’s Note497to bring him whom it represents, the more lively to our memories. Gods Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus498abridgement of the whole world was man; reabridge man into his least volume, Editor’s Note499in pura naturalia, as he is but meer man, and so he hath the image of God in 500his soul. | [K1v]
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus501He hath it as God is considered in his unitie; for as God is, the soul of man Critical Apparatus502is, indivisibly, impartibly, one entire. And he hath it also as God is notified to Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus503us in a Trinitie: for as there are three persons in the essence of God; so are Editor’s Note504there three faculties in the soul of man. The attributes, and some kinde of Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus505specification of the persons in the Trinitie, are, power to the Father, wisdome pg 190506to the Sonne, and goodnesse to the holy Ghost. And the three faculties of Critical Apparatus507the soul have the images of these three: the Vnderstanding is the image of the Critical Apparatus508Father, that is, Power; for no man exercises power, no man can govern well, Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus509without understanding the natures & dispositions of them whom he governs: 510and therefore in this consists the power which man hath over the creature, that Editor’s Note511man understands the nature of every creature; for so Adam did when he Critical Apparatus512named every creature according to the nature thereof: and by this advantage of 513our understanding them, and comprehending them, we master them; and so, Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus514Obliviscuntur quod natæ sunt, sayes S. Ambrose: the lion, the bear, the elephant, Critical Apparatus515have forgot what they were born to; Induuntur quod jubentur, they invest and Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus516put on such a disposition and such a nature as we enjoyn them & appoint 517them: Serviunt ut famuli (as that Father pursues it elegantly) and, Verberantur 518ut timidi; they wait upon us as servants, who, if they understood us, as well as 519we understand them, might be our masters; and they receive correction from 520[K2r]us, as though they were afraid of us, when, if they understood us, | they would Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus521know that we were not able to stand in the teeth of the lion, the horn of the Critical Apparatus522bull, in the heels of the horse; and, Adjuvantur ut infirmi, they counterfeit a Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus523weaknesse, that they might be beholding to us for help; and they are content to Critical Apparatus524thank us, if we afford them rest, or any food, who, if they understood us as 525well as we do them, might tear our meat out of our throats; nay tear out our Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus526throats for their meat. So then in this first naturall facultie of the soul, the Critical Apparatus527Vnderstanding, stands the image of the first person, the Father, Power.
Critical Apparatus528And in the second facultie, which is the Will, is the image, the attribute of 529the second person, the Sonne, which is Wisdome: for wisdome is not so much 530in knowing, in understanding, as in electing, in choosing, in assenting. No man Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus531needs go out of himself, nor beyond his own legend, and the historie of his Critical Apparatus532own actions for examples of that. That many times we know better, and choose Critical Apparatus533ill wayes. Wisdome is in choosing or assenting.
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus534And then in the third facultie of the soul, the Memorie, is the image of the 535third person, the holy Ghost, that is, Goodnesse. For to remember, to recollect 536our former understanding, and our former assenting, so farre as to do them, to Editor’s Note537crown them with action, that is true goodnesse. The office that Christ assignes 538to the holy Ghost, and the goodnesse which he promiseth in his behalf is this, Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus539 John 14.26. that he shall bring former things to our remembrance. The wise man places all 540[K2v]goodnesse in this facultie, the Memorie: properly nothing can fall into the | Critical Apparatus541 Ecclus 7.36. Memorie, but that which is past; and yet he sayes, Whatsoever thou takest in pg 191542hand, remember the end, and thou shalt never do amisse. The end cannot be yet Editor’s Note543come, and yet we are bid to remember that. Visus per omnes sensus recurrit, Critical Apparatus544sayes S. Augustine: as all senses are called sight in the Scriptures (for there is Editor’s Note545Gustate Dominum, and Audite and Palpate; Taste the Lord, and Heare the 546Lord, and Feel the Lord; and still the Videte is added, Taste and see the Lord) 547so all goodnesse is in remembring; all goodnesse (which is the image of the 548holy Ghost) is in bringing our understanding and our assenting into action. Editor’s Note549Certainly (beloved) if a man were like the King but in countenance, and in 550proportion, he himself would think somewhat better of himself, and others 551would be the lesse apt to put scorns or injuries upon him, then if he had a Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus552vulgar and course aspect: with those who have the image of the Kings power Editor’s Note553(the Magistrate) the image of his wisdome (the Councel) the image of his good- Critical Apparatus554nesse (the Clergie) it should be so too; there is a respect due to the image of the 555King in all that have it. Now in all these respects, man, the meer naturall man, Critical Apparatus556hath the image of the King of kings; and therefore respect that image in Critical Apparatus557thy self, and exalt thy naturall faculties, emulate those men, and be ashamed Editor’s Note558to be outgone by those men who had no light but nature. Make thine 559understanding, and thy will, and thy memorie (though but naturall faculties) Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus560serviceable to thy God, and auxiliarie & subsidiarie for thy salvation: for 561though they | be not naturally instruments of grace, yet naturally they are[K3r] Editor’s Note562susceptible of grace, and have so much in their nature, as that by grace they 563may be made instruments of grace, which no facultie in any creature but man 564can be. And do not think that because a naturall man cannot do all, he hath 565nothing to do for himself.
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus566This then is the image of God in man, the first way, in Nature; and most 567literally this is the intention of the text. Man was this image thus; and the 568room furnished with this image, was paradise: but there is a better room then 569that paradise for the second image (the image of God in man by Grace) that is, Critical Apparatus570the Christian Church: for though for the most part this text be understood de Editor’s Note571naturalibus, of our naturall faculties; yet Origen, and not onely such allegoricall 572expositours, but Saint Basil, and Nissen, and Ambrose, and others, who are 573literall enough, assigne this image of God to consist in the gifts of Gods grace, 574exhibited to us here in the Church. A Christian then in that second capacitie, 575as a Christian, and not onely as a Man, hath this image of God, of God first Editor’s Note576considered entirely. And those expressions of this impression, those represen-577tations of this image of God in a Christian by grace, which the Apostles have Editor’s Note578exhibited to us, that we are the sonnes of God, the seed of God, the off-spring Editor’s Note579of God, and partakers of the divine nature, (which are high and glorious Editor’s Note580exaltations) are enlarged and exalted by Damascen to a further height, when Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus581he sayes, Sicut Deus | homo, ità ego Deus; As God is man, so I am God, sayes[K3v] pg 192Critical Apparatus582Damascen; I, taking in the whole mankinde (for so Damascen takes it out of Editor’s Note583Nazianzen; and he sayes, Sicut verbum caro, ità caro verbum; As God was made Editor’s Note584man, man may become God) but especially I; I, as I am wrought upon by grace 585in Christ Jesus. So a Christian is made the image of God entirely. To which Editor’s Note586expression S. Cyril also comes neare, when he calls a Christian Deiformem 587hominem, man in the form of God; which is a mysterious and a blessed meta-588morphosis and transfiguration: that, whereas it was the greatest trespasse of Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus589 Isa. 14.14. the greatest trespasser in the world, the devil, to say, Similis ero Altissimis, 590I will be like the Highest; it would be as great a trespasse in me not to be like Editor’s Note591the Highest, not to conform my self to God, by the use of his grace in the 592Christian Church. And whereas the humiliation of my Saviour is in all things 593to be imitated by me, yet herein I am bound to depart from his humiliation; Critical Apparatus594 Phil. 2.6, 7. that, whereas he being in the form of God, took the form of a servant; I, being 595in the form of a servant, may (nay, must) take upon me the form of God, in 596being Deiformis homo, a man made in Christ, the image of God. So have I the 597 Ephes. 4.5. image of God entirely in his unitie, because I professe that faith which is but 598one faith, and under the seal of that Baptisme which is but one Baptisme. And 599then, as of this one God, so I have also the image of the severall persons of 600the Trinitie, in this capacitie as I am a Christian, more then in my naturall 601[K4r]faculties. |
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus602The attribute of the first person, the Father, is Power: and none but a 603Christian hath power over those great tyrants of the world, Sinne, Satan, Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus604 1. Cor. 6.5. Death, and Hell. For thus my power accrues and grows unto me: first, Possum Editor’s Note605judicare, I have a power to judge; a judiciarie, a discretive power, a power to 606discern between a naturall accident and a judgement of God, and will never Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus607call a judgement an accident; and between an ordinarie occasion of conversation, Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus608 Eph. 6.13. & a temptation of Satan: Possum judicare. And then, Possum resistere, which is Critical Apparatus609another act of power: when I finde it to be a temptation, I am able to resist it. Editor’s Note610And Possum stare (which is another) I am able not onely to withstand, but to Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus611stand out this battell of temptations to the end. And then, Possum capere; that Critical Apparatus612 Matt. 19.12. which Christ proposes for a triall of his disciples, He that is able to receive it, let Editor’s Note613him receive it: I shall have power to receive the gift of continencie against all 614temptations of that kinde. Bring it to the highest act of power, that with which Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus615 Matt. 20.22. Christ tried his strongest Apostles; Possum bibere calicem, I shall be able to 616drink of Christs cup, even to drink his bloud, and be the more innocent for Editor’s Note617 Phil. 4.13. that; and to poure out my bloud, and be the stronger for that. In Christo omnia Editor’s Note618possum; there is the fulnesse of power: In Christ I can do all things; I can want, Editor’s Note619or I can abound; I can live, or I can die. And yet there is an extension of power Editor’s Note620 1 John 3.9. beyond all this, in this, Non possum peccare; being born of God in Christ, pg 193Editor’s Note621I cannot sinne. This that seems to have a name of impotence, Non pos- | sum,[K4v] Editor’s Note622I cannot, is the fullest omnipotence of all: I cannot sinne; not sinne to death, 623not sinne with a desire to sinne, not sinne with a delight in sinne; but that 624temptation that overthrows another, I can resist; or that sinne, which being 625done, casts another into desperation, I can repent. And so I have the image of 626the first person, the Father, in Power.
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus627The image of the second person, whose attribute is Wisdome, I have in this, 628that wisdome being the knowledge of this world and the next, I embrace Critical Apparatus629nothing in this world, but as it leads me to the next: for thus my wisdome, my Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus630knowledge grows: first, Scio cui credidi, I know whom I have beleeved; I have 2. Tim. 1.12. Editor’s Note631not mislayed my foundation; my foundation is Christ: and then, Scio non 632moriturum; my foundation cannot sink: I know that Christ being raised from the Rom. 6.9. Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus633dead, dies no more: again, Scio quod desideret spiritus; I know what my spirit, Rom. 8.27. Editor’s Note634enlightened by the Spirit of God, desires: I am not transported with illusions Editor’s Note635and singularities of private spirits. And as in the attribute of Power we found Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus636an Omnipotence in a Christian; so in this there is an Omniscience. Scimus 1 Cor. 8.1. 637quia omnem scientiam habemus; there is all together: We know that we have all Editor’s Note638knowledge; for all S. Pauls universall knowledge was but this, Jesum crucifixum: Critical Apparatus639I determined not to know any thing, save Jesus Christ, and him crucified. And then 1 Cor. 2.2. Editor’s Note640the way by which he would proceed and take degrees in this wisdome, was, Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus641stultitia prædicandi, the way that God had ordained: When the | world by[L1r] 642wisdome knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them 1 Cor. 1.21. 643that beleeve. These then are the steps of Christian wisdome: my foundation is 644Christ; of Christ I enquire no more but fundamentall doctrines, him crucified; Editor’s Note645and this I apply to my self by his ordinance of preaching. And in this wisdome 646I have the image of the second person.
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus647And then of the third also in this, that, his attribute being goodnesse, I, as a 648true Christian, call nothing good, that conduceth not to the glorie of God in 649Christ Jesus; nor any thing ill, that draws me not from him. Thus I have an Editor’s Note650expresse image of his goodnesse, that Omnia cooperantur in bonum; all things Rom. 8.28. 651work together for my good, if I love God. I shall thank my fever, blesse my 652povertie, praise my oppressour; nay, thank, and blesse, and praise even some 653sinne of mine, which by the consequences of that sinne, which may be shame, 654or losse, or weaknesse, may bring me to a happie sense of all my former sinnes; 655and shall finde it to have been a good fever, a good povertie, a good oppression, Editor’s Note656yea, a good sinne. Vertit in bonum, sayes Joseph to his brethren; You thought Gen. 50.20. 657evil, but God meant it unto good: and I shall have the benefit of my sinne, Editor’s Note658according to his transmutation; that is, though I meant ill in that sinne, I shall Editor’s Note659have the good that God meant in it. There is no evil in the citie, but the Lord doth Amos 3.6. Editor’s Note660it: but if the Lord do it, it cannot be evil to me. I beleeve that I shall see bona pg 194661 Psal. 27.13. Dei, the goodnesse of the Lord in the land of the living; that is, in heaven: but Editor’s Note662[L1v]David speaks also of signum | in bonum; Shew me a token of good: and God will Editor’s Note663shew me a present token of future good, an inward infallibilitie, that this Critical Apparatus664very calamitie shall be beneficiall and advantageous unto me: and so as in 665nature I have the image of God in my whole soul, and of all the three persons 666in the three faculties thereof; the understanding, the will, and the memorie: so 667in grace, in the Christian Church, I have the same images of the power of the 668Father, of the wisdome of the Sonne, of the goodnesse of the holy Ghost, in Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus669my Christian profession. And all this we shall have in a better place then 670paradise (where we considered it in nature) and a better place then the Editor’s Note671Church, as it is militant (where we considered it in grace) that is, in the 672kingdome of heaven (where we considered this image in glorie) which is our 673last word.
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus674There we shall have this image of God in perfection: for if Origen could 675lodge such a conceit, that in heaven at last all things should ebbe back into 676God, as all things flowed from him at first; and so there should be no other 677essence but God, all should be God, even the devil himself: how much Editor’s Note678more may we conceive an unexpressible association (that is too farre off) an Editor’s Note679assimilation (that is not neare enough) an identification (the School would Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus680venture to say so) with God in that state of glorie! Whereas the sunne by 681shining upon the moone, makes the moon a planet, a starre as well as it self, 682which otherwise would be but the thickest and darkest part of that sphere: so 683[L2r]those beams of glorie which shall issue from my | God, and fall upon me, shall Editor’s Note684make me (otherwise a clod of earth, and worse, a dark soul, a spirit of dark-Editor’s Note685nesse) an angel of light, a starre of glorie, a something that I cannot name now, 686not imagine now, nor to morrow, nor next yeare; but even in that particular, I Editor’s Note687shall be like God: that as he that asked a day to give a definition of God, Editor’s Note688the next day asked a week, and then a moneth, and then a yeare; so undeter-689minable would my imaginations be, if I should go about to think now, what I 690shall be there: I shall be so like God, as that the devil himself shall not know 691me from God, so farre as to finde any more place to fasten a temptation upon 692me, then upon God; nor to conceive any more hope of my falling from that Editor’s Note693kingdome, then of Gods being driven out of it: for though I shall not be 694immortall as God, yet I shall be as immortall as God. And there is my image of Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus695God, of God considered all together, and in his unitie in the state of glorie.
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus696I shall have also then the image of all the three persons of the Trinitie. 697Power is the Fathers; and a greater power then he exercises here, I shall have 698there: here he overcomes enemies, but yet here he hath enemies; there, there Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus699are none: here they cannot prevail; there they shall not be. So Wisdome is the Critical Apparatus700image of the Sonne; and there I shall have better wisdome: the spirituall Editor’s Note701wisdome it self is here: for here our best wisdome is, but to go towards our pg 195Editor’s Note702end; there it is to rest in our end: here it is to seek to be glorified by God; there Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus703it is that God may be everlastingly glorified by me. | The image of the holy[L2v] Critical Apparatus704Ghost is Goodnesse. Here our goodnesse is mixt with some ill; faith mixt with Editor’s Note705scruples, & good works mixt with a love of praise, and hope of better mixt Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus706with fear of worse: there I shall have sincere goodnesse, goodnesse impermixt, Editor’s Note707intemerate and indeterminate goodnesse; so good a place, as no ill accident Editor’s Note708shall annoy it; so good companie as no impertinent, no importune person shall 709disorder it; so full a goodnesse, as no evil of sinne, no evil of punishment for 710former sins can enter; so good a God, as shall no more keep us in fear of his Editor’s Note711anger, nor in need of his mercie; but shall fill us first, and establish us in that 712fulnesse in the same instant, and give us a satietie that we can wish no more, Editor’s Note713and an infallibilitie that we can lose none of that, and both at once. Whereas Editor’s Note714the Cabalists expresse our nearenesse to God in that state, in that note, that the 715name of man and the name of God, ADAM and JEHOVAH, in their numerall Critical Apparatus716letters are equall: so I would have leave to expresse that inexpressible state, so Editor’s Note717farre as to say, that if there can be other worlds imagined besides this that is 718under our moon, and if there could be other Gods imagined of those worlds, Critical Apparatus719besides this God to whose image we are made, in Nature, in Grace, in Glorie; Critical Apparatus720I had rather be one of these Saints in this heaven, then one of those Gods in Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus721those other worlds. I shall be like the angels in a glorified soul, and the angels 722shall not be like me in a glorified bodie.
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus723The holy noblenesse and religious ambition that I would imprint in you for 724attaining of this | glorie, makes me dismisse you with this note, for the fear of[L3r] Editor’s Note725missing that glorie; that, as we have taken just occasion to magnifie the good-726nesse of God towards us, in that he speaks plurally, Faciamus, Let Vs, all Vs do 727this; & so poures out the blessings of the whole Trinitie upon us, in this image 728of himself, in every person of the three, and in all these three wayes which we 729have considered: so when the anger of God is justly kindled against us, God Editor’s Note730collects himself, summons himself, assembles himself, musters himself, and Editor’s Note731threatens plurally too: for of those foure places in Scripture, in which onely 732(as we noted before) God speaks of himself in a royall plurall, God speaks in 733anger, and in a preparation to destruction, in one of those foure entirely, as 734entirely he speaks of mercie but in one of them, in this text; here he sayes 735meerly out of mercie, Faciamus, Let Vs, Vs, all Vs, make man: and in the Critical Apparatus736same pluralitie, the same universalitie, he sayes after, Descendamus & con- Gen. 11.7. 737fundamus, Let Vs, Vs, all Vs, go down to them and confound them, as meerly out 738of indignation and anger, as here out of mercie. And in the other two places, 739where God speaks plurally, he speaks not meerly in mercie, nor meerly in Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus740justice in neither; but in both he mingles both: so that God carries himself so 741equally herein, as that no soul, no Church, no State may any more promise 742it self patience in God if it provoke him, then suspect anger in God if we pg 196743conform our selves to him. For from them that set themselves against him, 744[L3v]God shall with- | draw his image in all the persons and all the attributes: the Editor’s Note745Father shall withdraw his power, and we shall be enfeebled in our forces; the Editor’s Note746Sonne his wisdome, and we shall be enfatuated in our counsels; the holy Editor’s Note747Ghost his goodnesse, and we shall be corrupted in our manners, and 748corrupted in our religion, and be a prey to temporall and spirituall enemies, Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus749and change the image of God into the image of the beast. And as God loves 750nothing more then the image of himself in his Sonne, and then the image 751of his Sonne Christ Jesus in us; so he hates nothing more then the image of 752Antichrist in them in whom he had imprinted his Sonnes image; that is, Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus753declinations towards Antichrist, or concurrences with Antichrist, in them Editor’s Note754who were born, and baptized, and catechized, & blessed in the profession of 755his truth.
Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus756That God, who hath hitherto delivered us from all cause or colour of 757jealousies or suspicions thereof in them whom he hath placed over us, so 758conform us to his image in a holy life, that sinnes continued and multiplied 759by us against him, do not so provoke him against us, that those two great Editor’s Note760helps, the assiduitie of preaching, and the personall and exemplarie pietie & Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus761constancie in our Princes, be not by our sinnes made unprofitable unto us: for Editor’s Note762that is the height of Gods malediction upon a nation, when the assiduitie 763of preaching and the example of a religious Prince doth them no good, but 764aggravates their fault.