Timothy J. Cornell (ed.), The Fragments of the Roman Historians, Vol. 3

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pg 62085T. Flavius Vespasianus (Imperator Caesar Vespasianus Augustus)

COMMENTARY

F1 Josephus' uita is not a full autobiography, but was published as an appendix to the AJ (ad 93–4) as an apology for Josephus' handling of affairs in Galilee (Jos. BJ 2.569–646). Tiberias, already anti-Roman according to Josephus, joined the rebellion against Rome and Agrippa II in 66. Justus, who is unfortunate to be known only from the works of Josephus, was a citizen of Tiberias, a moderate but also an opponent of Josephus (their enmity seems to have been personal rather than ideological), who was involved in the revolt, along with kinsmen, and had to apply to Agrippa II for protection. The Greek-educated Justus was made Agrippa's secretary; his account of the war was published after the death of Agrippa (FGrHist 734; E. Schürer, The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ (175 B.C.–A.D. 135), 2nd edn. by G. Vermes and F. Millar, 1 (Edinburgh, 1973), 34–7; T. Rajak, CQ 23 (1973), 344–68, and Josephus: The Historian and his Society (London, 1983), 144–73). For the Syrian Decapolis, a group of Greek cities east of the Jordan, including Gerasa, Damascus, and Scythopolis, subjugated by Alexander Jannaeus and freed by Pompey, see Schürer 2 (1979), 125–7. §342, though uttered by Josephus, has a claim to be considered part of the fragment, as Josephus expressly ascribes the same points to Vespasian, who may have exploited the incident as an example of his clemency.

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