Edmund Spenser

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Cant. III.

  • 1Merlin bewrayes to Britomart,
  • Critical Apparatus2  the state of Artegall.
  • 3And shewes the famous Progeny
  • 4  which from them springen shall.

  • i
  • Critical Apparatus1MOst sacred fire, that burnest mightily
  • 2  In liuing brests, ykindled first aboue,
  • Link 3  Emongst th'eternall spheres and lamping sky,
  • 4  And thence pourd into men, which men call Loue;
  • 5  Not that same, which doth base affections moue
  • 6  In brutish minds, and filthy lust inflame,
  • 7  But that sweet fit, that doth true beautie loue,
  • 8  And choseth vertue for his dearest Dame,
  • Link 9Whence spring all noble deeds and neuer dying fame:
  • ii
  • 1Well did Antiquitie a God thee deeme,
  • 2  That ouer mortall minds hast so great might,
  • 3  To order them, as best to thee doth seeme,
  • 4  And all their actions to direct aright;
  • 5  The fatall purpose of diuine foresight,
  • 6  Thou doest effect in destined descents,
  • 7  Through deepe impression of thy secret might,
  • 8  And stirredst vp th'Heroes high intents,
  • 9Which the late world admyres for wondrous moniments.
  • pg 375iii
  • 1But thy dread darts in none doe triumph more,
  • 2  Ne brauer proofe in any, of thy powre
  • 3  Shew'dst thou, then in this royall Maid of yore,
  • 4  Making her seeke an vnknowne Paramoure,
  • 5  From the worlds end, through many a bitter stowre:
  • 6  From whose two loynes thou afterwards did rayse
  • 7  Most famous fruits of matrimoniall bowre,
  • 8  Which through the earth haue spred their liuing prayse,
  • 9That fame in trompe of gold eternally displayes.
  • iv
  • 1Begin then, O my dearest sacred Dame,
  • 2  Daughter of Phœbus and of Memorie,
  • Critical Apparatus Link 3  That doest ennoble with immortall name
  • 4  The warlike Worthies, from antiquitie,
  • 5  In thy great volume of Eternitie:
  • 6  Begin, O Clio, and recount from hence
  • Critical Apparatus7  My glorious Soueraines goodly auncestrie,
  • Critical Apparatus Link 8  Till that by dew degrees and long protense,
  • 9Thou haue it lastly brought vnto her Excellence.
  • v
  • 1Full many wayes within her troubled mind,
  • 2  Old Glauce cast, to cure this Ladies griefe:
  • 3  Full many waies she sought, but none could find,
  • 4  Nor herbes, nor charmes, nor counsell, that is chiefe
  • 5  And choisest med'cine for sicke harts reliefe:
  • 6  For thy great care she tooke, and greater feare,
  • 7  Least that it should her turne to foule repriefe,
  • 8  And sore reproch, when so her father deare
  • 9Should of his dearest daughters hard misfortune heare.
  • vi
  • Critical Apparatus1At last she her auisd, that he, which made
  • 2  That mirrhour, wherein the sicke Damosell
  • 3  So straungely vewed her straunge louers shade,
  • 4  To weet, the learned Merlin, well could tell,
  • Link 5  Vnder what coast of heauen the man did dwell,
  • 6  And by what meanes his loue might best be wrought:
  • Link 7  For though beyond the Africk Ismaell,
  • Link 8  Or th'Indian Peru he were, she thought
  • 9Him forth through infinite endeuour to haue sought.
  • pg 376vii
  • 1Forthwith themselues disguising both in straunge
  • 2  And base attyre, that none might them bewray,
  • 3  To Maridunum, that is now by chaunge
  • 4  Of name Cayr-Merdin cald, they tooke their way:
  • 5  There the wise Merlin whylome wont (they say)
  • Link 6  To make his wonne, low vnderneath the ground,
  • 7  In a deepe delue, farre from the vew of day,
  • 8  That of no liuing wight he mote be found,
  • 9When so he counseld with his sprights encompast round.
  • viii
  • 1And if thou euer happen that same way
  • 2  To trauell, goe to see that dreadfull place:
  • 3  It is an hideous hollow caue (they say)
  • 4  Vnder a rocke that lyes a little space
  • 5  From the swift Barry, tombling downe apace,
  • 6  Emongst the woodie hilles of Dyneuowre:
  • 7  But dare thou not, I charge, in any cace,
  • 8  To enter into that same balefull Bowre,
  • 9For fear the cruell Feends should thee vnwares deuowre.
  • ix
  • 1But standing high aloft, low lay thine eare,
  • 2  And there such ghastly noise of yron chaines,
  • 3  And brasen Caudrons thou shalt rombling heare,
  • 4  Which thousand sprights with long enduring paines
  • 5  Doe tosse, that it will stonne thy feeble braines,
  • 6  And oftentimes great grones, and grieuous stounds,
  • 7  When too huge toile and labour them constraines:
  • Link 8  And oftentimes loud strokes, and ringing sounds
  • 9From vnder that deepe Rocke most horribly rebounds.
  • x
  • 1The cause some say is this: A litle while
  • 2  Before that Merlin dyde, he did intend,
  • Link 3  A brasen wall in compas to compile
  • 4  About Cairmardin, and did it commend
  • 5  Vnto these Sprights, to bring to perfect end.
  • 6  During which worke the Ladie of the Lake,
  • 7  Whom long he lou'd, for him in hast did send,
  • 8  Who thereby forst his workemen to forsake,
  • 9Them bound till his returne, their labour not to slake.
  • pg 377xi
  • 1In the meane time through that false Ladies traine,
  • Link 2  He was surprisd, and buried vnder beare,
  • 3  Ne euer to his worke returnd againe:
  • 4  Nath'lesse those feends may not their worke forbeare,
  • 5  So greatly his commaundement they feare,
  • 6  But there doe toyle and trauell day and night,
  • 7  Vntill that brasen wall they vp doe reare:
  • Link 8  For Merlin had in Magicke more insight,
  • 9Then euer him before or after liuing wight.
  • xii
  • 1For he by words could call out of the sky
  • 2  Both Sunne and Moone, and make them him obay:
  • 3  The land to sea, and sea to maineland dry,
  • 4  And darkesome night he eke could turne to day:
  • 5  Huge hostes of men he could alone dismay,
  • 6  And hostes of men of meanest things could frame,
  • 7  When so him list his enimies to fray:
  • 8  That to this day for terror of his fame,
  • 9The feends do quake, when any him to them does name.
  • xiii
  • Link 1And sooth, men say that he was not the sonne
  • 2  Of mortall Syre, or other liuing wight,
  • 3  But wondrously begotten, and begonne
  • 4  By false illusion of a guilefull Spright,
  • 5  On a faire Ladie Nonne, that whilome hight
  • 6  Matilda, daughter to Pubidius,
  • 7  Who was the Lord of Mathrauall by right,
  • 8  And coosen vnto king Ambrosius:
  • 9Whence he indued was with skill so maruellous.
  • xiv
  • 1They here arming, staid a while without,
  • 2  Ne durst aduenture rashly in to wend,
  • 3  But of their first intent gan make new dout
  • 4  For dread of daunger, which it might portend:
  • 5  Vntill the hardie Mayd (with loue to frend)
  • Link 6  First entering, the dreadfull Mage there found
  • 7  Deepe busied bout worke of wondrous end,
  • 8  And writing strange characters in the ground,
  • 9With which the stubborn feends he to his seruice bound.
  • pg 378xv
  • 1He nought was moued at their entrance bold:
  • 2  For of their comming well he wist afore,
  • Critical Apparatus3  Yet list them bid their businesse to vnfold,
  • 4  As if ought in this world in secret store
  • 5  Were from him hidden, or vnknowne of yore.
  • Critical Apparatus6  Then Glauce thus, Let not it thee offend,
  • 7  That we thus rashly through thy darkesome dore,
  • 8  Vnwares haue prest: for either fatall end,
  • 9Or other mightie cause vs two did hither send.
  • xvi
  • 1He bad tell on; And then she thus began.
  • 2  Now haue three Moones with borrow'd brothers light,
  • 3  Thrice shined faire, and thrice seem'd dim and wan,
  • 4  Sith a sore euill, which this virgin bright
  • 5  Tormenteth, and doth plonge in dolefull plight,
  • 6  First rooting tooke; but what thing it mote bee,
  • 7  Or whence it sprong, I cannot read aright:
  • Critical Apparatus Link 8  But this I read, that but if remedee
  • 9Thou her afford, full shortly I her dead shall see.
  • xvii
  • 1Therewith th'Enchaunter softly gan to smyle
  • 2  At her smooth speeches, weeting inly well,
  • 3  That she to him dissembled womanish guyle,
  • 4  And to her said, Beldame, by that ye tell,
  • 5  More need of leach-craft hath your Damozell,
  • 6  Then of my skill: who helpe may haue elsewhere,
  • 7  In vaine seekes wonders out of Magicke spell.
  • 8  Th'old woman wox half blanck, those words to heare;
  • 9And yet was loth to let her purpose plaine appeare.
  • xviii
  • 1And to him said, If any leaches skill,
  • 2  Or other learned meanes could haue redrest
  • 3  This my deare daughters deepe engraffed ill,
  • 4  Certes I should be loth thee to molest:
  • 5  But this sad euill, which doth her infest,
  • 6  Doth course of naturall cause farre exceed,
  • 7  And housed is within her hollow brest,
  • 8  That either seemes some cursed witches deed,
  • 9Or euill spright, that in her doth such torment breed.
  • pg 379xix
  • Critical Apparatus1The wisard could no lenger beare her bord,
  • Link 2  But brusting forth in laughter, to her sayd;
  • 3  Glauce, what needs this colourable word,
  • 4  To cloke the cause, that hath it selfe bewrayd?
  • 5  Ne ye faire Britomartis, thus arayd,
  • 6  More hidden are, then Sunne in cloudy vele;
  • 7  Whom thy good fortune, hauing fate obayd,
  • 8  Hath hither brought, for succour to appele:
  • 9The which the powres to thee are pleased to reuele.
  • xx
  • 1The doubtfull Mayd, seeing her selfe descryde,
  • Link 2  Was all abasht, and her pure yuory
  • 3  Into a cleare Carnation suddeine dyde;
  • 4  As faire Aurora rising hastily,
  • 5  Doth by her blushing tell, that she did lye
  • 6  All night in old Tithonus frosen bed,
  • 7  Whereof she seemes ashamed inwardly.
  • 8  But her old Nourse was nought dishartened,
  • 9But vauntage made of that, which Merlin had ared.
  • xxi
  • 1And sayd, Sith then thou knowest all our griefe,
  • 2  (For what doest not thou know?) of grace I pray,
  • 3  Pitty our plaint, and yield vs meet reliefe.
  • 4  With that the Prophet still awhile did stay,
  • 5  And then his spirite thus gan forth display;
  • 6  Most noble Virgin, that by fatall lore
  • 7  Hast learn'd to loue, let no whit thee dismay
  • Link 8  The hard begin, that meets thee in the dore,
  • 9And with sharpe fits thy tender hart oppresseth sore.
  • xxii
  • 1For so must all things excellent begin,
  • Link 2  And eke enrooted deepe must be that Tree,
  • 3  Whose big embodied braunches shall not lin,
  • 4  Till they to heauens hight forth stretched bee.
  • 5  For from thy wombe a famous Progenie
  • 6  Shall spring, out of the auncient Troian blood,
  • 7  Which shall reuiue the sleeping memorie
  • 8  Of those same antique Peres, the heauens brood,
  • Critical Apparatus Link 9Which Greeke and Asian riuers stained with their blood.
  • pg 380xxiii
  • 1Renowmed kings, and sacred Emperours,
  • 2  Thy fruitfull Ofspring, shall from thee descend;
  • 3  Braue Captaines, and most mighty warriours,
  • 4  That shall their conquests through all lands extend,
  • 5  And their decayed kingdomes shall amend:
  • 6  The feeble Britons, broken with long warre,
  • 7  They shall vpreare, and mightily defend
  • 8  Against their forrein foe, that comes from farre,
  • 9Till vniuersall peace compound all ciuill iarre.
  • xxiv
  • 1It was not, Britomart, thy wandring eye,
  • 2  Glauncing vnwares in charmed looking glas,
  • 3  But the streight course of heauenly destiny,
  • 4  Led with eternall prouidence, that has
  • 5  Guided thy glaunce, to bring his will to pas:
  • 6  Ne is thy fate, ne is thy fortune ill,
  • 7  To loue the prowest knight, that euer was.
  • 8  Therefore submit thy wayes vnto his will,
  • 9And do by all dew meanes thy destiny fulfill.
  • xxv
  • 1But read (said Glauce) thou Magitian
  • 2  What meanes shall she out seeke, or what wayes take?
  • Link 3  How shall she know, how shall she find the man?
  • 4  Or what needs her to toyle, sith fates can make
  • Critical Apparatus5  Way for themselues, their purpose to partake?
  • 6  Then Merlin thus; Indeed the fates are firme,
  • 7  And may not shrinck, though all the world do shake:
  • 8  Yet ought mens good endeuours them confirme,
  • 9And guide the heauenly causes to their constant terme.
  • xxvi
  • 1The man whom heauens haue ordaynd to bee
  • 2  The spouse of Britomart, is Arthegall:
  • 3  He wonneth in the land of Fayeree,
  • 4  Yet is no Fary borne, ne sib at all
  • 5  To Elfes, but sprong of seed terrestriall,
  • 6  And whilome by false Faries stolne away,
  • 7  Whiles yet in infant cradle he did crall;
  • 8  Ne other to himselfe is knowne this day,
  • 9  But that he by an Elfe was gotten of a Fay.
  • pg 381xxvii
  • 1But sooth he is the sonne of Gorlois,
  • 2  And brother vnto Cador Cornish king,
  • 3  And for his warlike feates renowmed is,
  • Link 4  From where the day out of the sea doth spring,
  • 5  Vntill the closure of the Euening.
  • 6  From thence, him firmely bound with faithfull band,
  • 7  To this his natiue soyle thou backe shalt bring,
  • 8  Strongly to aide his countrey, to withstand
  • 9The powre of forrein Paynims, which inuade thy land.
  • xxviii
  • 1Great aid thereto his mighty puissaunce,
  • 2  And dreaded name shall giue in that sad day:
  • Link 3  Where also proofe of thy prow valiaunce
  • 4  Thou then shalt make, t'increase thy louers pray.
  • 5  Long time ye both in armes shall beare great sway,
  • 6  Till thy wombes burden thee from them do call,
  • 7  And his last fate him from thee take away,
  • Link 8  Too rathe cut off by practise criminall
  • 9Of secret foes, that him shall make in mischiefe fall.
  • xxix
  • Critical Apparatus1With thee yet shall he leaue for memory
  • 2  Of his late puissaunce, his Image dead,
  • 3  That liuing him in all actiuity
  • 4  To thee shall represent. He from the head
  • 5  Of his coosin Constantius without dread
  • 6  Shall take the crowne, that was his fathers right,
  • 7  And therewith crowne himselfe in th'others stead:
  • 8  Then shall he issew forth with dreadfull might,
  • 9Against his Saxon foes in bloudy field to fight.
  • xxx
  • 1Like as a Lyon, that in drowsie caue
  • 2  Hath long time slept, himselfe so shall he shake,
  • 3  And comming forth, shall spred his banner braue
  • 4  Ouer the troubled South, that it shall make
  • Link 5  The warlike Mertians for feare to quake:
  • 6  Thrise shall he fight with them, and twise shall win,
  • 7  But the third time shall faire accordaunce make:
  • 8  And if he then with victorie can lin,
  • 9He shall his dayes with peace bring to his earthly In.
  • pg 382xxxi
  • 1His sonne, hight Vortipore, shall him succeede
  • 2  In kingdome, but not in felicity;
  • 3  Yet shall he long time warre with happy speed,
  • 4  And with great honour many battels try:
  • 5  But at the last to th'importunity
  • 6  Of froward fortune shall be forst to yield.
  • 7  But his sonne Malgo shall full mightily
  • 8  Auenge his fathers losse, with speare and shield,
  • 9And his proud foes discomfit in victorious field.
  • xxxii
  • 1Behold the man, and tell me Britomart,
  • 2  If ay more goodly creature thou didst see;
  • 3  How like a Gyaunt in each manly part
  • 4  Beares he himselfe with portly maiestee,
  • 5  That one of th'old Heroes seemes to bee:
  • Link 6  He the six Islands, comprouinciall
  • 7  In auncient times vnto great Britainee,
  • Link 8  Shall to the same reduce, and to him call
  • 9Their sundry kings to do their homage seuerall.
  • xxxiii
  • 1All which his sonne Careticus awhile
  • 2  Shall well defend, and Saxons powre suppresse,
  • 3  Vntill a straunger king from vnknowne soyle
  • 4  Arriuing, him with multitude oppresse;
  • 5  Great Gormond, hauing with huge mightinesse
  • 6  Ireland subdewd, and therein fixt his throne,
  • 7  Like a swift Otter, fell through emptinesse,
  • Link 8  Shall ouerswim the sea with many one
  • 9Of his Norueyses, to assist the Britons fone.
  • xxxiv
  • 1He in his furie all shall ouerrunne,
  • 2  And holy Church with faithlesse hands deface,
  • 3  That thy sad people vtterly fordonne,
  • 4  Shall to the vtmost mountaines fly apace:
  • 5  Was neuer so great wast in any place,
  • Critical Apparatus6  Nor so fowle outrage doen by liuing men:
  • 7  For all thy Cities they shall sacke and race,
  • 8  And the greene grasse, that groweth, they shall bren,
  • 9That euen the wild beast shall dy in starued den.
  • pg 383xxxv
  • Critical Apparatus Link 1Whiles thus thy Britons do in languour pine,
  • 2  Proud Etheldred shall from the North arise,
  • 3  Seruing th'ambitious will of Augustine,
  • 4  And passing Dee with hardy enterprise,
  • 5  Shall backe repulse the valiaunt Brockwell twise,
  • Link 6  And Bangor with massacred Martyrs fill;
  • 7  But the third time shall rew his foolhardise:
  • 8  For Cadwan pittying his peoples ill,
  • 9Shall stoutly him defeat, and thousand Saxons kill.
  • xxxvi
  • 1But after him, Cadwallin mightily
  • 2  On his sonne Edwin all those wrongs shall wreake;
  • 3  Ne shall auaile the wicked sorcery
  • 4  Of false Pellite, his purposes to breake,
  • 5  But him shall slay, and on a gallowes bleake
  • Critical Apparatus6  Shall giue th'enchaunter his vnhappy hire;
  • 7  Then shall the Britons, late dismayd and weake,
  • Link 8  From their long vassalage gin to respire,
  • Link 9And on their Paynim foes auenge their ranckled ire.
  • xxxvii
  • 1Ne shall he yet his wrath so mitigate,
  • 2  Till both the sonnes of Edwin he haue slaine,
  • 3  Ofifricke and Osricke, twinnes vnfortunate,
  • 4  Both slaine in battell vpon Layburne plaine,
  • 5  Together with the king of Louthiane,
  • 6  Hight Adin, and the king of Orkeny,
  • Critical Apparatus7  Both ioynt partakers of their fatall paine:
  • 8  But Penda, fearefull of like desteny,
  • 9Shall yield him selfe his liegeman, and sweare fealty.
  • xxxviii
  • 1Him shall he make his fatall Instrument,
  • Link 2  T'afflict the other Saxons vnsubdewd;
  • 3  He marching forth with fury insolent
  • 4  Against the good king Oswald, who indewd
  • 5  With heauenly powre, and by Angels reskewd,
  • 6  All holding crosses in their hands on hye,
  • 7  Shall him defeate withouten bloud imbrewd:
  • 8  Of which, that field for endlesse memory,
  • 9Shall Heuenfield be cald to all posterity.
  • pg 384xxxix
  • 1Where at Cadwallin wroth, shall forth issew,
  • 2  And an huge hoste into Northumber lead,
  • 3  With which he godly Oswald shall subdew,
  • Link 4  And crowne with martyrdome his sacred head.
  • 5  Whose brother Oswin, daunted with like dread,
  • 6  With price of siluer shall his kingdome buy,
  • 7  And Penda, seeking him adowne to tread,
  • 8  Shall tread adowne, and do him fowly dye,
  • 9But shall with gifts his Lord Cadwallin pacify.
  • xl
  • Link 1Then shall Cadwallin dye, and then the raine
  • 2  Of Britons eke with him attonce shall dye;
  • 3  Ne shall the good Cadwallader with paine,
  • 4  Or powre, be hable it to remedy,
  • 5  When the full time prefixt by destiny,
  • 6  Shalbe expird of Britons regiment.
  • 7  For heauen it selfe shall their successe enuy,
  • 8  And them with plagues and murrins pestilent
  • 9Consume, till all their warlike puissaunce be spent.
  • xli
  • 1Yet after all these sorrowes, and huge hills
  • 2  Of dying people, during eight yeares space,
  • 3  Cadwallader not yielding to his ills,
  • 4  From Armoricke, where long in wretched cace
  • 5  He liu'd, returning to his natiue place,
  • 6  Shalbe by vision staid from his intent:
  • 7  For th'heauens haue decreed, to displace
  • 8  The Britons, for their sinnes dew punishment,
  • 9And to the Saxons ouer-giue their gouernment.
  • xlii
  • 1Then woe, and woe, and euerlasting woe,
  • 2  Be to the Briton babe, that shalbe borne,
  • 3  To liue in thraldome of his fathers foe;
  • Link 4  Late King, now captiue, late Lord, now forlorne,
  • 5  The worlds reproch, the cruell victors scorne,
  • 6  Banisht from Princely bowre to wastfull wood:
  • 7  O who shall helpe me to lament, and mourne
  • 8  The royall seed, the antique Troian blood,
  • 9Whose Empire lenger here, then euer any stood.
  • pg 385xliii
  • 1The Damzell was full deepe empassioned,
  • 2  Both for his griefe, and for her peoples sake,
  • 3  Whose future woes so plaine he fashioned,
  • 4  And sighing sore, at length him thus bespake;
  • 5  Ah but will heauens fury neuer slake,
  • 6  Nor vengeaunce huge relent it selfe at last?
  • 7  Will not long misery late mercy make,
  • 8  But shall their name for euer be defast,
  • Critical Apparatus9And quite from of the earth their memory be rast?
  • xliv
  • 1Nay but the terme (said he) is limited,
  • 2  That in this thraldome Britons shall abide,
  • 3  And the iust reuolution measured,
  • 4  That they as Straungers shalbe notifide.
  • Critical Apparatus5  For twise foure hundreth yeares shalbe supplide,
  • Critical Apparatus6  Ere they to former rule restor'd shalbee,
  • 7  And their importune fates all satisfide:
  • 8  Yet during this their most obscuritee, (see.
  • 9Their beames shall oft breake forth, that men them faire may
  • xlv
  • 1For Rhodoricke, whose surname shalbe Great,
  • 2  Shall of him selfe a braue ensample shew,
  • 3  That Saxon kings his friendship shall intreat;
  • 4  And Howell Dha shall goodly well indew
  • 5  The saluage minds with skill of iust and trew;
  • 6  Then Griffyth Conan also shall vp reare
  • Critical Apparatus7  His dreaded head, and the old sparkes renew
  • 8  Of natiue courage, that his foes shall feare,
  • 9Least backe againe the kingdome he from them should beare.
  • xlvi
  • Link 1Ne shall the Saxons selues all peaceably
  • 2  Enioy the crowne, which they from Britons wonne
  • 3  First ill, and after ruled wickedly:
  • Critical Apparatus4  For ere two hundred yeares be full outronne,
  • 5  There shall a Rauen far from rising Sunne,
  • 6  With his wide wings vpon them fiercely fly,
  • 7  And bid his faithlesse chickens ouerronne
  • 8  The fruitfull plaines, and with fell cruelty,
  • 9In their auenge, tread downe the victours surquedry.
  • pg 386xlvii
  • 1Yet shall a third both these, and thine subdew;
  • Link 2  There shall a Lyon from the sea-bord wood
  • Link 3  Of Neustria come roring, with a crew
  • 4  Of hungry whelpes, his battailous bold brood,
  • 5  Whose clawes were newly dipt in cruddy blood,
  • Link 6  That from the Daniske Tyrants head shall rend
  • 7  Th'vsurped crowne, as if that he were wood,
  • 8  And the spoile of the countrey conquered
  • 9Emongst his young ones shall diuide with bountyhed.
  • xlviii
  • 1Tho when the terme is full accomplishid,
  • 2  There shall a sparke of fire, which hath long-while
  • 3  Bene in his ashes raked vp, and hid,
  • 4  Be freshly kindled in the fruitfull Ile
  • 5  Of Mona, where it lurked in exile;
  • 6  Which shall breake forth into bright burning flame,
  • 7  And reach into the house, that beares the stile
  • 8  Of royall maiesty and soueraigne name;
  • Link 9So shall the Briton bloud their crowne againe reclame.
  • xlix
  • 1Thenceforth eternall vnion shall be made
  • 2  Betweene the nations different afore,
  • 3  And sacred Peace shall louingly perswade
  • 4  The warlike minds, to learne her goodly lore,
  • 5  And ciuile armes to exercise no more:
  • 6  Then shall a royall virgin raine, which shall
  • 7  Stretch her white rod ouer the Belgicke shore,
  • 8  And the great Castle smite so sore with all,
  • 9That it shall make him shake, and shortly learne to fall.
  • l
  • 1But yet the end is not. There Merlin stayd,
  • 2  As ouercomen of the spirites powre,
  • 3  Or other ghasdy spectacle dismayd,
  • 4  That secretly he saw, yet note discoure:
  • 5  Which suddein fit, and halfe extatick stoure
  • 6  When the two fearefull women saw, they grew
  • 7  Greatly confused in behauioure;
  • 8  At last the fury past, to former hew
  • Critical Apparatus9Hee turnd againe, and chearefull looks <as earst> did shew.
  • pg 387li
  • 1Then, when them selues they well instructed had
  • 2  Of all, that needed them to be inquird,
  • 3  They both concerning hope of comfort glad,
  • 4  With lighter hearts vnto their home retird;
  • 5  Where they in secret counsell close conspird,
  • 6  How to effect so hard an enterprize,
  • Link 7  And to possesse the purpose they desird:
  • 8  Now this, now that twixt them they did deuise,
  • Critical Apparatus9And diuerse plots did frame, to maske in strange disguise.
  • lii
  • 1At last the Nourse in her foolhardy wit
  • 2  Conceiu'd a bold deuise, and thus bespake;
  • 3  Daughter, I deeme that counsell aye most fit,
  • 4  That of the time doth dew aduauntage take;
  • 5  Ye see that good king Vther now doth make
  • Link 6  Strong warre vpon the Paynim brethren, hight
  • 7  Octa and Oza, whom he lately brake
  • 8  Beside Cayr Verolame, in victorious fight,
  • 9That now all Britanie doth burne in armes bright.
  • liii
  • 1That therefore nought our passage may empeach,
  • 2  Let vs in feigned armes our selues disguize,
  • Critical Apparatus3  And our weake hands (whom need new strength shall teach)
  • Link 4  The dreadfull speare and shield to exercize:
  • 5  Ne certes daughter that same warlike wize
  • Link 6  I weene, would you misseeme; for ye bene tall,
  • 7  And large of limbe, t'atchieue an hard emprize,
  • 8  Ne ought ye want, but skill, which practize small
  • 9Will bring, and shortly make you a mayd Martiall.
  • liv
  • 1And sooth, it ought your courage much inflame,
  • 2  To heare so often, in that royall hous,
  • Critical Apparatus3  From whence to none inferiour ye came,
  • 4  Bards tell of many women valorous
  • 5  Which haue full many feats aduenturous
  • Link 6  Performd, in paragone of proudest men:
  • 7  The bold Bunduca, whose victorious
  • 8  Exploits made Rome to quake, stout Guendolen,
  • 9Renowmed Martia, and redoubted Emmilen.
  • pg 388lv
  • 1And that, which more then all the rest may sway,
  • 2  Late dayes ensample, which these eyes beheld,
  • 3  In the last field before Meneuia
  • 4  Which Vther with those forrein Pagans held,
  • 5  I saw a Saxon Virgin, the which feld
  • 6  Great Vlfin thrise vpon the bloudy plaine,
  • 7  And had not Carados her hand withheld
  • 8  From rash reuenge, she had him surely slaine,
  • 9Yet Carados himselfe from her escapt with paine.
  • lvi
  • 1Ah read, (quoth Britomart) how is she hight?
  • 2  Faire Angela (quoth she) men do her call,
  • 3  No whit lesse faire, then terrible in fight:
  • 4  She hath the leading of a Martiall
  • 5  And mighty people, dreaded more then all
  • 6  The other Saxons, which do for her sake
  • 7  And loue, themselues of her name Angles call.
  • 8  Therefore faire Infant her ensample make
  • 9Vnto thy selfe, and equall courage to thee take.
  • lvii
  • 1Her harty words so deepe into the mynd
  • 2  Of the young Damzell sunke, that great desire
  • 3  Of warlike armes in her forthwith they tynd,
  • 4  And generous stout courage did inspire,
  • Critical Apparatus Link 5  That she resolu'd, vnweeting to her Sire,
  • 6  Aduent'rous knighthood on her selfe to don,
  • 7  And counseld with her Nourse, her Maides attire
  • 8  To turne into a massy habergeon,
  • 9And bad her all things put in readinesse anon.
  • lviii
  • 1Th'old woman nought, that needed, did omit;
  • Critical Apparatus2  But all things did conueniently puruay:
  • 3  It fortuned (so time their turne did fit)
  • 4  A band of Britons ryding on forray
  • Critical Apparatus5  Few dayes before, had gotten a great pray
  • 6  Of Saxon goods, emongst the which was seene
  • 7  A goodly Armour, and full rich aray,
  • 8  Which long'd to Angela, the Saxon Queene,
  • 9All fretted round with gold, and goodly well beseene.
  • pg 389lix
  • 1The same, with all the other ornaments,
  • 2  King Ryence caused to be hanged hy
  • 3  In his chiefe Church, for endlesse moniments
  • 4  Of his successe and gladfull victory:
  • 5  Of which her selfe auising readily,
  • 6  In th'euening late old Glauce thither led
  • 7  Faire Britomart, and that same Armory
  • 8  Downe taking, her therein appareled,
  • 9Well as she might, and with braue bauldrick garnished.
  • lx
  • 1Beside those armes there stood a mighty speare,
  • 2  Which Bladud made by Magick art of yore,
  • 3  And vsd the same in battell aye to beare;
  • 4  Sith which it had bin here preseru'd in store,
  • 5  For his great vertues proued long afore:
  • 6  For neuer wight so fast in sell could sit,
  • 7  But him perforce vnto the ground it bore:
  • 8  Both speare she tooke, and shield, which hong by it:
  • 9Both speare and shield of great powre, for her purpose fit.
  • lxi
  • 1Thus when she had the virgin all arayd,
  • 2  Another harnesse, which did hang thereby,
  • 3  About her selfe she dight, that the young Mayd
  • 4  She might in equall armes accompany,
  • 5  And as her Squire attend her carefully:
  • 6  Tho to their ready Steeds they clombe full light,
  • 7  And through back wayes, that none might them espy,
  • 8  Couered with secret cloud of silent night,
  • 9Themselues they forth conuayd, and passed forward right.
  • lxii
  • 1Ne rested they, till that to Faery lond
  • 2  They came, as Merlin them directed late:
  • 3  Where meeting with this Redcrosse knight, she fond
  • 4  Of diuerse things discourses to dilate,
  • 5  But most of Arthegall, and his estate.
  • Critical Apparatus6  At last their wayes so fell, that they mote part:
  • Link 7  Then each to other well affectionate,
  • 8  Friendship professed with vnfained hart,
  • Link 9The Redcrosse knight diuerst, but forth rode Britomart.

Notes Settings


Critical Apparatus
Arg. 2 Arthegall 1590
Critical Apparatus
i 1 Most] Oh 1609
Critical Apparatus
iv 3 Thou 1590
Critical Apparatus
7 auncestie 1596
Critical Apparatus
8 pretence 1596, 1609
Critical Apparatus
III. iii. 6 l. 1. auisd] aduis'd 1609. See note on IV. ii. 22.
Critical Apparatus
xv 3 to om. 1609
Critical Apparatus
III. iii. 15 l. 3. 1609 makes 'businesse' three syllables, and then seeks to avoid the trisyllabic foot. See note on I. i. 15 l. 6.
Critical Apparatus
6 let 1590, 1596
Critical Apparatus
xvi 8 remedee, 1590 &c.
Critical Apparatus
xix 1 longer 1609
Critical Apparatus
xxii 9 Greece 1596, 1609
Critical Apparatus
xxv 5 partake 1590
Critical Apparatus
xxix 1 With] Where 1596, 1609
Critical Apparatus
xxxiv 6 autrage 1596
Critical Apparatus
xxxv 1 thy] the 1596, 1609
Critical Apparatus
xxxvi 6 hire 1596
Critical Apparatus
xxxvii 7 their] the 1596, 1609
Critical Apparatus
xliii 9 from th'earth 1590 &c.: corr. F. E.
Critical Apparatus
xliv 5 yeares om. 1596, 1609: shall be full supplide 1609
Critical Apparatus
III. iii. 44 l. 5. See note on I. ii. 29 l. 2.
Critical Apparatus
6 to] vnto their 1590
Critical Apparatus
xlv 7 th'olde 1609
Critical Apparatus
xlvi 4 outronne] ouerronne 1596
Critical Apparatus
l 9 Shee 1590 &c.: corr. F. E. <as earst> om. 1590, 1590: add. 1609
Critical Apparatus
III. iii. 50 l. 9. See Introduction, p. xviii.
Critical Apparatus
li 9 disguise] deuise 1596, 1609
Critical Apparatus
liii 3 (need makes good schollers) teach 1590
Critical Apparatus
III. iii. 53 l. 3. Evidently an author's correction; but the reason for the change is obscure.
Critical Apparatus
liv 3 came: 1590 &c.
Critical Apparatus
lvii 5 vnmeeting 1596
Critical Apparatus
lviii 2 conuiently 1596
Critical Apparatus
5 dryes 1596
Critical Apparatus
lxii 6 part 1596
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