Maximillian E. Novak and George Robert Guffey (eds), The Works of John Dryden, Vol. 13: Plays; All for Love; Oedipus; Troilus and Cressida

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SCENE II.

Critical ApparatusEnter Pandarus, Troilus, Cressida.
1

Pand. Come, come, what need you blush? shame's a babie; Critical Apparatus2swear the oathes now to her, that you swore to me: what, are you 3gone again? you must be watch'd ere you are made tame must Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus4you? why don't you speak to her first?———Come draw this 5Curtain, and lets see your picture: alas a day, how loath you are Critical Apparatus6to offend day-light!———Critical Apparatus(They kisse.) That's well, that's well, pg 294Critical Apparatus7nay you shall fight your hearts out ere I part you.———So so 8———so so———

9

Troil. You have bereft me of all words, fair Cressida.

Critical Apparatus10

Pand. Words, pay no debts; give her deeds.———What, bill-Critical Apparatus11ing again! here's in witness whereof the parties interchangeably Critical Apparatus12———Come in, come in, you lose time both.

Critical Apparatus13

Troil. O Cressida, how often have I wish'd me here!

Critical Apparatus14

Cressi. Wish'd my Lord!———the Gods grant!———O my 15Lord.———

16

Troil. What shou'd they grant? what makes this pretty inter-17ruption in thy words?

18

Cressi. I speak I know not what!

19

Troil. Speak ever so; and if I answer you 20I know not what, it shews the more of love. 21Love is a child that talks in broken language, 22Yet then he speaks most plain.

23

Cress. I finde it true, that to be wise and love 24Are inconsistent things.

Critical Apparatus25

Pand. What blushing still, have you not done talking yet!

Critical Apparatus26

Cress. Well Unkle, what folly I commit, I dedicate to you.

27

Pand. I thank you for that: if my Lord get a boy of you, you'l Critical Apparatus28give him me. Be true to my Lord, if he flinch I'le be hang'd for Critical Apparatus29him.———Now am I in my kingdome!

Critical Apparatus[Aside.
30

Troil. You know your pledges now, your Unkles word and my 31firm faith.

Critical Apparatus32

Pand. Nay I'le give my word for her too: our kindred are con-33stant: they are burrs I can assure you, they'll stick where they 34are thrown.

35

Cress. Boldness comes to me now, and I can speak:

Critical Apparatus36Prince Troilus, I have lov'd you long.

pg 295 Critical Apparatus37

Troil. Why was my Cressid then so hard to win?

Editor’s Note38

Cress. Hard to seem wonn; but I was wonn my Lord.

Critical Apparatus39What have I blabb'd? who will be true to us,

40When we are so unfaithfull to our selves!

Critical Apparatus41O bid me hold my tongue; for in this rapture

42Sure I shall speak what I shou'd soon repent.

43But stop my mouth.

44

Troil. A sweet command; and willingly obey'd.

Critical Apparatus[Kisses.
Critical Apparatus45

Pand. Pretty i'faith!

46

Cress. My Lord I do beseech you pardon me,

47'Twas not my purpose thus to beg a kisse.

48I am asham'd: O heavens what have I done!

49For this time let me take my leave, my Lord.

Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus50

Pand. Leave! and you take leave till to morrow morning, call 51me Cut.

52

Cress. Pray let me go.

Troil. Why what offends you, Madam?

Critical Apparatus53

Cress. My own company.

54

Troil. You cannot shun your self.

Cress. Let me go and try:

55I have a kind of self resides in you.

Editor’s Note56

Troil. Oh that I thought truth cou'd be in a woman!

57(As if it can, I will presume in you)

58That my integrity and faith might meet

59The same return from her who has my heart.

Critical Apparatus60How shou'd I be exalted! but alas

61I am more plain then dull simplicity!

Critical Apparatus62And artless, as the infancy of truth.

63

Cress. In that I must not yield to you my Lord.

64

Troil. All constant Lovers shall, in future Ages,

Critical Apparatus65Approve their truth by Troilus: when their verse

Critical Apparatus66Wants similes (as turtles to their mates;

pg 296Critical Apparatus67Or true as flowing tides are to the Moon:

Critical Apparatus68Earth to the Center: Iron to Adamant)

69At last when truth is tir'd with repetition;

Critical Apparatus70As true as Troilus shall crown up the verse,

71And sanctify the Numbers.

72

Cress. Prophet may you be!

73If I am false, or swerve from truth of love,

74When time is old, and has forgot it self,

75In all things else, let it remember me;

76And after all comparisons of falshood

Critical Apparatus77To stabb the heart of perjury in Maids,

Critical Apparatus78Let it be said, As false as Cressida.

79

Pand. Go to, little ones: a bargain made: here I hold your 80hand, and here my Cousins: if ever you prove false to one an-Critical Apparatus81other, after I have taken such pains to bring you together, let all 82pitifull goers between, be call'd to the worlds end after my Editor’s Note83name, Pandars.

84

Cress. And will you promise that the holy Priest Critical Apparatus85Shall make us one for ever?

Editor’s Note86

Pand. Priests! marry hang 'em! they make you one! go in, go 87in, and make your selves one without a priest: I'le have no priests 88work in my house.

Critical Apparatus89

Cress. I'le not consent unless you swear.

90

Pand. I, do, do, swear; a pretty woman's worth an oath at any 91time. Keep or break as time shall try; but 'tis good to swear, for Critical Apparatus92the saving of her credit: Hang 'em, sweet Rogues, they never ex-93pect a Man shou'd keep it. Let him but swear, and that's all they 94care for.

95

Troil. Heavens prosper me as I devoutly swear, 96Never to be but yours.

97

Pand. Whereupon I will lead you into a chamber: and sup-Critical Apparatus98pose there be a bed in't; as i'fack, I know not: but you'll forgive pg 297Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus99me, if there be: away, away, you naughty hildings: get you to-100gether, get you Editor’s Note101together. Ah you wags, do you leer indeed at one 102another! do the neyes twinkle at him! get you together, get you together.

Critical Apparatus[Leads them out. Enter at one door Æneas with a Torch; at another Hector, Diomede with Torches.
Editor’s Note103

Hect. So ho; who goes there? Æneas!

104

Æneas. Prince Hector!

105

Diom. Good morrow Lord Æneas.

Critical Apparatus106

Hect. A valiant Greek, Æneas; take his hand;

107Witnesse the processe of your speech within;

108You told how Diomede a whole week by days

109Did haunt you in the field.

110

Æneas. Health to you, valiant Sir,

111During all business of the gentle truce;

112But when I meet you arm'd, as black defiance

113As heart can think, or courage execute.

Critical Apparatus114

Diom. Both one and t'other, Diomede embraces.

115Our bloods are now in calm; and so, long health;

Critical Apparatus116But when contention, and occasion meet,

Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus117By Jove I'le play the hunter for thy life.

Critical Apparatus118

Æneas. And thou shalt hunt a Lyon that will fly

Critical Apparatus119With his face backward: welcome Diomede,

120Welcome to Troy: now by Anchises Soul

121No man alive can love in such a sort

122The thing he means to kill, more excellently.

123

Diom. We know each other well.

Critical Apparatus124

Æne. We do; and long to know each other worse.

pg 298[To Hect.]

Critical Apparatus125My Lord, the King has sent for me in haste:

126Know you the reason?

Hect. Yes: his purpose meets you.

Critical Apparatus127It was to bring this Greek to Calchas's house,

128Where Pandarus his Brother, and his Daughter

129Fair Cressida reside: and there to render

Critical Apparatus130For our Antenor, now redeem'd from prison,

Critical Apparatus131The Lady Cressida.

132

Æne. What! Has the King resolv'd to gratifie

Critical Apparatus133That Traytor Calchas, who forsook his Country,

134And turn'd to them, by giving up this pledge?

135

Hect. The bitter disposition of the time

Critical Apparatus136Is such, though Calchas as a fugitive

Critical Apparatus137Deserve it not, that we must free Anterior,

138On whose wise Counsels, we can most rely:

139And therefore Cressida must be return'd.

Critical Apparatus140

Æne. A word my Lord———Your pardon Diomede———

Critical Apparatus141Your Brother Troilus, to my certain knowledg,

Critical Apparatus142Does lodge this night in Pandarus his house.

Critical Apparatus143

Hect. Go you before: tell him of our approach,

Critical Apparatus144Which will I fear be much unwelcome to him.

145

Æne. I assure you

Critical Apparatus146Troilus had rather Troy were born to Greece

147Than Cressida from Troy.

148

Hect. I know it well: and how he is beside,

Critical Apparatus149Of hasty blood.

Æne. He will not hear me speak:

pg 299150But I have noted long betwixt you two

151A more than Brothers love: an awfull homage

152The fiery youth pays to your elder vertue.

153

Hect. Leave it to me; I'le manage him alone:

Critical Apparatus154Attend you Diomede. My Lord good morrow:

Critical Apparatus[To Diomed.

155An urgent business takes me from the pleasure

156Your company affords me; but Æneas

157With joy will undertake to serve you here,

Critical Apparatus158And to supply my room.

Æneas to Diomed. My Lord I wait you.

Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus[Exeunt severally; Diomede with Æneas, Hector at another door. Enter Pandarus: a Servant: Musick.
159

Pand. Softly, villain, softly; I would not for half Troy the Lov-160ers should be disturb'd under my roof; listen rogue, listen, do 161they breathe?

Critical Apparatus162

Serv. Yes, Sir, I hear by some certain signes, they are both Critical Apparatus163awake.

Critical Apparatus164

Pand. That's as it shou'd be: that's well a both sides. Critical Apparatus[Listens.] 165Yes faith they are both alive:———there was a creake! there was Critical Apparatus166a creake! they are both alive and alive like; there was a creake! a 167ha boyes!———Is the musick ready?

Critical Apparatus168

Serv. Shall they strike up Sir?

169

Pand. Art thou sure they do not know the parties?

Editor’s Note170

Serv. They play to the Man in the Moon for ought they know.

Critical Apparatus171

Pand. To the Man in the Moon? ah Rogue! do they so indeed pg 300172Rogue! I understand, thee: thou art a wag; thou art a wagg. 173Come towze rowze! in the name of love, strike up boys!

Critical ApparatusMusick, and then Song: during which Pandarus listens.

  • Song.
  • 174Can life be a blessing,
  • 175        Or worth the possessing,
  • 176        Can life be a blessing if love were away?
  • 177        Ah no! though our love all night keep us waking,
  • 178        And though he torment us with cares all the day,
  • Critical Apparatus179        Yet he sweetens, he sweetens our pains in the taking,
  • 180        There's an hour at the last, there's an hour to repay.

Critical Apparatus181
  • In every possessing,
  • 182         The ravishing blessing,
  • 183         In every possessing the fruit of our pain,
  • 184         Poor lovers forget long ages of anguish,
  • 185         Whate're they have suffer'd and done to obtain;
  • 186         'Tis a pleasure, a pleasure to sigh and to languish,
  • 187         When we hope, when we hope to be happy again.
Editor’s Note188

Pand. Put up, and vanish; they are coming out; what a ferrup, 189will you play when the dance is done? I say vanish.

Critical Apparatus[Exit Musick.
Critical Apparatus190

Pand. peeping. Good i'faith; good i'faith! what, hand in Editor’s Note191hand!———a fair quarrell, well ended! do, do, walk him, walk 192him; A good girl, a discreet girl: I see she'll make the most of him.

Enter Troil. and Cressida.
193

Troil. Farewell, my life! leave me and back to bed:

194Sleep seal those pretty eyes;

pg 301195And tye thy sences in as soft a band

196As Infants voyd of thought.

Critical Apparatus197

Pandar. shewing himself. How now, how now, how go matters?

198hear you Maid, hear you; where's my Cousin Cressida?

199

Cress. Go hang your self you naughty mocking Unkle:

200You bring me to do ill and then you jeere me!

201

Pand. What ill have I brought you to do? say what if you dare

202now! My Lord have I brought her to do ill?

203

Cress. Come, come, beshrew your heart; you'll neither be good

204your self, nor suffer others.

205

Pand. Alas poor wench; alas poor Devil; hast not slept to night?

Critical Apparatus206wou'd a not (a naughty Man) let it sleep one twinkle? A bugbear

207take him!

Critical Apparatus[Knock within.
Critical Apparatus208

Cress. Who's that at door? good Uncle go and see.

209My Lord come you again into my chamber!

210You smile and mock as if I meant naughtily!

211

Troil. Indeed, indeed!

Critical Apparatus212

Cress. Come, y'are deceiv'd; I think of no such thing.

[Knock again.

Critical Apparatus213How earnestly they knock! pray come in:

214I wou'd not for all Troy, you were seen here.

Critical Apparatus[Exeunt Troil. Cressida.
Critical Apparatus215

Pand. Who's there? what's the matter? Will you beat down the

216house there!

Enter Hector.
217

Hect. Good morrow my Lord Pandarus; good morrow!

Critical Apparatus218

Pand. Who's there? Prince Hector! what news with you so

219early?

pg 302 220

Hect. Is not my Brother Troilus here?

221

Pand. Here! what shou'd he do here?

Critical Apparatus222

Hect. Come, he is here my Lord, do not deny him:

223It does import him much to speak with me.

224

Pand. Is he here say you? 'tis more than I know, I'le be sworn!

225For my own part I came in late!———what shou'd he do here?

226

Hect. Come, come you do him wrong ere y'are aware; you'll

227be so true to him, that you'll be false to him: you shall not know

228he's here; but yet go fetch him hither:———goe.

[Exit Pandarus. Enter Troilus.

Editor’s Note229I bring you Brother, most unwelcome news;

230But since of force you are to hear it told,

231I thought a friend and Brother best might tell it:

232Therefore, before I speak, arm well your mind

233And think y'are to be touch'd ev'n to the quick;

234That so, prepar'd for ill you may be less

235Surpris'd to hear the worst.

236

Troil. See Hector, what it is to be your Brother,

237I stand prepar'd already.

Hect. Come, you are not,

238I know you Troilus, you are hot and fiery:

239You kindle at a wrong; and catch it quick

240As stubble does the flame.

Troil. 'Tis heat of blood

241And rashness of my youth; I'le mend that errour:

242Begin and try my temper.

Hect. Can you think

Critical Apparatus243Of that one thing which most cou'd urge your anger,

244Drive you to madness, plunge you in despair,

245And make you hate ev'n me?

Troil. There can be nothing.

246I love you Brother, with that awful love

247I bear to Heav'n, and to superior vertue,

248And when I quit this love you must be that

pg 303Critical Apparatus249Which Hector ne're can be.

Hect. Remember well

250What you have said: for when I claim your promise

251I shall expect performance.

Troil. I am taught:

252I will not rage.

Hect. Nor grieve beyond a man.

Critical Apparatus253

Troil. I wo'not be a woman.

Hect. Do not Brother:

254And I will tell my news, in terms so mild,

255So tender, and so fearful to offend

256As Mothers use to sooth their froward Babes;

257Nay I will swear as you have sworn to me,

258That if some gust of passion swell your soul

259To words intemperate, I will bear with you.

260

Troil. What wou'd this pomp of preparation mean?

261Come you to bring me news of Priams death

262Or Hecuba's?

Hect. The Gods forbid I shou'd:

263But what I bring is nearer you, more close,

264An ill more yours.

Troil. There is but one that can be.

265

Hect. Perhaps 'tis that.

Troil. I'le not suspect my fate

266So far, I know I stand possest of that.

267

Hect. 'Tis well: consider at whose house I finde you.

Critical Apparatus268

Troil. Ha!

Hect. Does it start you? I must wake you more:

Critical Apparatus269Anterior is exchang'd.

Troil. For whom?

Hect. Imagine.

270

Troil. It comes like thunder grumbling in a cloud,

271Before the dreadfull break: if here it fall,

272The subtile flame will lick up all my blood,

pg 304273And in a moment turn my heart to ashes.

Critical Apparatus274

Hect. That Cressida for Anterior is exchang'd,

275Because I knew 'twas harsh, I wou'd not tell;

276Not all at once; but by degrees and glimpses

277I let it in, lest it might rush upon you

Critical Apparatus278And quite o'repower your Soul: in this I think

279I show'd a friend: your part must follow next:

280Which is, to curb your choler, tame your grief,

Critical Apparatus281And bear it like a man.

Troil. I think I do,

282That I yet live to hear you: but no more:

283Hope for no more: for shou'd some Goddess offer

284To give her self and all her Heaven in change,

285I wou'd not part with Cressida: so return

286This answer as my last.

Hect. 'Twill not be taken:

287Nor will I bear such news.

Troil. You bore me worse.

288

Hect. Worse for your self; not for the general state,

Critical Apparatus289And all our common safety, which depends

Critical Apparatus290On freed An tenors wisdome.

Troil. You wou'd say

291That I'm the Man mark'd out to be unhappy;

292And made the publick Sacrifice for Troy.

293

Hect. I wou'd say so indeed: for can you finde

294A fate more glorious than to be that victime?

Editor’s Note295If parting from a Mistriss can procure

296A Nations happiness, show me that Prince

297Who dares to trust his future fame so farr

Critical Apparatus298To stand the shock of Annals, blotted thus,

Critical Apparatus299He sold his Country for a womans love!

pg 305 300

Troil. O, she's my life, my being, and my Soul!

301

Hect. Suppose she were, which yet I will not grant,

Critical Apparatus302You ought to give her up.

Troil. For whom?

Hect. The publick.

303

Troil. And what are they that I shou'd give up her

304To make them happy? let me tell you Brother,

305The publick, is the Lees of vulgar slaves:

306Slaves, with the minds of slaves: so born, so bred:

307Yet such as these united in a herd

308Are call'd the publique: Millions of such Cyphers

309Make up the publique sum: an Eagles life

310Is worth a world of Crows: are Princes made

311For such as these, who, were one Soul extracted

Critical Apparatus312From all their beings, cou'd not raise a Man?———

313

Hect. And what are we, but for such men as these?

Critical Apparatus314'Tis adoration, some say, makes a God:

315And who shou'd pay it, where wou'd be their Altars

316Were no inferiour creatures here on Earth?

317Ev'n those who serve have their expectances,

318Degrees of happiness, which they must share,

Critical Apparatus319Or they'll refuse to serve us.

Troil. Let 'em have it.

320Let 'em eat, drink and sleep; the only use

Critical Apparatus321They have of life.

Hect. You take all these away,

322Unless you give up Cressida.

Troil. Forbear;

Critical Apparatus323Let Paris give up Helen: she's the cause,

324And root of all this mischief.

Hect. Your own suffrage

325Condemns you there: you voted for her stay.

326

Troil. If one must stay, the other sha'not go.

327

Hect. She sha'not?

pg 306

Troil. Once again, I say she shall not.

Critical Apparatus328

Hect. Our Father has decreed it otherwise.

Critical Apparatus329

Troil. No matter.

Hect. How! no matter Troilus?

330A King, and fathers will!

Troil. When 'tis unjust.

331

Hect. Come she shall go.

Troil. She shall? then I am dar'd.

Critical Apparatus332

Hect. If nothing else will do.

Troil. Answer me first;

Critical Apparatus333And then I'le answer that: be sure I will.

Editor’s Note334Whose hand seal'd this exchange?

Hect. My Fathers first;

Critical Apparatus335Then all the Council's after.

Troil. Was yours there?

Critical Apparatus336

Hect. Mine was there too.

Troil. Then you're no more my friend:

337And for your sake now mark me what I say,

338She shall not go.

Hect. Go to, you are a boy.

Critical Apparatus339

Troil. A Boy! I'me glad I am not such a Man,

340Not such as thou; a traytor to thy Brother:

341Nay more, thy friend: but friend's a Sacred name,

342Which none but brave and honest men shou'd wear;

343In thee 'tis vile; 'tis prostitute: 'tis Ayr;

Editor’s Note344And thus I puffe it from me.

Hect. Well, young Man,

345Since I'me no friend (and oh that ere I was

346To one so far unworthy) bring her out,

347Or by our Fathers Soul, of which no part

Critical Apparatus348Did ere descend to thee, I'le force her hence.

349

Troil. I laugh at thee.

Hect. Thou dar'st not.

Troil. I dare more,

pg 307350If urg'd beyond my temper: prove my daring,

351And see which of us has the larger share

352Of our great Fathers Soul.

Hect. No more, thou knowst me.

353

Troil. I do; and know my self.

Hect. All this ye Gods,

354And for the Daughter of a fugitive,

355A Traytor to his Country!

Troil. 'Tis too much.

Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus356

Hect. By Heav'n, too little; for I think her common.

357

Troil. How, Common!

Hect. Common as the tainted shambles,

358Or as the dust we tread.

Critical Apparatus359

Troil. By Heav'n as chaste as thy Andromache.

Critical Apparatus[Hector lays his hand on Troilus his Arm; and Troilus does the same to him.
360

Hect. What! nam'st thou them together!

Troil. No; I do not:

361For Cressida is first: as chaste as she,

362But much more fair.

Hect. O patience, patience, Heaven!

363Thou tempt'st me strangely: shou'd I kill thee now,

364I know not if the Gods can be offended

365Or think I slew a Brother; but be gone,

366Be gone, or I shall shake thee into Atomes:

367Thou know'st I can.

Troil. I care not if you cou'd.

Critical Apparatus368

Hect. walking off. I thank the Gods for calling to my minde

369My promise that no words of thine shou'd urge me,

370Beyond the bounds of reason: But in thee

371'Twas brutall baseness, so forewarn'd to fall

372Beneath the name of man: to spurn my kindness;

373And when I offer'd thee (thou knowst how loth!)

Critical Apparatus374The wholsome bitter cup o' friendly counsel,

pg 308Critical Apparatus375To dash it in my face: farewel, farewel,

376Ungratefull as thou art: hereafter use

377The name of Brother; but of friend no more.

Critical Apparatus[Going out.
378

Troil. Wilt thou not break yet heart? stay Brother, stay.

379I promis'd too, but I have broke my vow,

380And you keep yours too well.

Hect. What wouldst thou more?

381Take heed, young man how you too far provoke me!

382For Heaven can witness 'tis with much constraint

Critical Apparatus383That I preserve my faith.

Troil. Else you wou'd kill me?

384

Hect. By all the Gods I wou'd.

Troil. I'me satisfi'd.

Critical Apparatus385You have condemn'd me, and I'le do't my self;

386What's life to him, who has no use of life?

387A barren purchase, held upon hard terms!

388For I have lost (oh what have I not lost!)

389The fairest, dearest, kindest of her Sex,

390And lost her ev'n by him, by him, ye Gods,

391Who only cou'd, and only shou'd protect me!

392And if I had a joy beyond that love,

393A friend, have lost him too!

Hect. Speak that again:

394(For I cou'd hear it ever:) saidst thou not

Critical Apparatus395That if thou hadst a joy beyond that love,

Critical Apparatus396It was a friend? O saydst thou not, a friend!

Critical Apparatus397That doubting if was kinde: then thou'rt divided;

Critical Apparatus398And I have still some part.

Troil. If still you have

399You do not care to have it.

Hect. How, not care!

Critical Apparatus400

Troil. No, Brother, care not.

Hect. Am I but thy Brother?

pg 309 401

Troil. You told me I must call you friend no more.

402

Hect. How far my words were distant from my heart!

403Know when I told thee so I lov'd thee most.

404Alas! it is the use of human frailty

405To fly to worst extremities with those

406To whom we most are kind.

Troil. Is't possible!

407Then you are still my friend!

Hect. Heaven knows I am!

408

Troil. And can forgive the Sallies of my passion?

Critical Apparatus409For I have been to blame: oh much to blame:

410Have said such words, nay done such actions too,

411(Base as I am) that my aw'd, conscious Soul

412Sinks in my breast, nor dare I lift an eye

413On him I have offended.

Hect. Peace be to thee

414And calmness ever there. I blame thee not:

415I know thou lov'st; and what can love not do!

416I cast the wild disorderly account

417Of all thy words and deeds on that mad passion;

Critical Apparatus418I pity thee, indeed I pity thee.

419

Troil. Do; for I need it: let me lean my head

420Upon thy bosome; all my peace dwells there;

421Thou art some God, or much much more then man!

422

Hect. Alas! to lose the joys of all thy youth,

Critical Apparatus423One who deserv'd thy love!

Troil. Did she deserve?

424

Hect. She did.

Troil. Then sure she was no common creature.

425

Hect. I said it in my rage, I thought not so.

426

Troil. That thought has bles'd me! but to lose this love

Critical Apparatus427After long pains, and after short possession!

428

Hect. I feel it for thee: Let me go to Priam,

429I'le break this treaty off; or let me fight;

430I'le be thy champion; and secure both her

pg 310431And thee, and Troy.

Troil. It must not be, my Brother!

432For then your errour would be more then mine:

433I'le bring her forth, and you shall bear her hence;

434That you have pitied me is my reward.

435

Hect. Go then; and the good gods restore her to thee,

436And with her all the quiet of thy minde;

437The triumph of this kindeness be thy own;

Critical Apparatus438And heaven and earth this testimony yield,

439That Friendship never gain'd a nobler field.

Critical Apparatus[Exeunt severally.

Notes Settings

Notes

Critical Apparatus
s.d. Enter Pandarus] D; Pandarus Q1–2, F.
Critical Apparatus
2 what,] D; ⁓‸ n> Q1–2, F.
Critical Apparatus
4 first?] ⁓! Q1–2, F, D.
Editor’s Note
4 –5 draw this Curtain. Cressida is veiled, as in Shakespeare, III, ii, 48.
Critical Apparatus
6 That's] that's Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
6 s.d. They kisse.] D; they kisse‸ Q1–2, F.
Critical Apparatus
7 So] so Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
10 deeds.———What,] deeds:———what‸ Q1–2, F, D (what, D).
Critical Apparatus
11 in … [to] … interchangeably ] in romans in Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
12 Come] come Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
13 here!] ⁓? Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
14 grant!———] ⁓!‸ Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
25 What] F, D; what Q1–2.
Critical Apparatus
26 dedicate] Q2, F, D; detdcate Q1.
Critical Apparatus
28 I'le] Q2, F, D; Ile Q1.
Critical Apparatus
29 him.] ⁓‸ Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
29 Now] (Now Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
29 s.d. [Aside.] [aside‸] Q1–2; Aside. F; [Aside.] D.
Critical Apparatus
32 I'le] Q2, F, D; I'le Q1.
Critical Apparatus
36 Troilus] Q2, F, D; Troylus Q1.
Critical Apparatus
37 Cressid] Cressida Q1–2, F, D.
Editor’s Note
38–43 Hard … mouth. For comparison of this speech with Shakespeare's, see headnote, pp. 514–515.
Critical Apparatus
39 blabb'd?] D; ⁓, Q1–2, F.
Critical Apparatus
41 tongue;] Q2, F, D; ⁓? n> Q1.
Critical Apparatus
44 s.d. Kisses.] F, D; kisses] Q1–2.
Critical Apparatus
45 i'faith] D; I faith Q1; I'faith Q2, F. 49 this] Q2, F, D; thts Q1.
Critical Apparatus
50 Pand.] F, D; Pand, Q1–2.
Editor’s Note
50–51 call me Cut. "A term of abuse applied to a man or a woman" (OED). Summers (V, 424) suggests that a more specific meaning would be "Call me a mere eunuch," but a more specific meaning along these lines would be "Call me a gelding." Treating this phrase in Twelfth Night (II, iii, 187), most editors of Shakespeare have accepted a combination, such as "Call me a short-tailed horse." See, for example, The Riverside Shakespeare, ed. G. Blakemore Evans et al. (1974), p. 419. See also Robert Nares, A Glossary or Collection of Words … in … Shakespeare and His Contemporaries, ed. James Halliwell and Thomas Wright (1901), I, 219–220.
Critical Apparatus
53 Troil] Q2, F, D; Troil, Q1.
Editor’s Note
56–60 Oh that … exalted. For comparison of this speech with Shakespeare's, see headnote, p. 515.
Critical Apparatus
60 exalted] Q2, F, D; exaltted Q1.
Critical Apparatus
62 artless] Q2, F, D; art less Q1.
Critical Apparatus
65 Troilus] Q2, F, D; Troylus Q1.
Critical Apparatus
66 similes] similes, Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
66 (as] ‸⁓ Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
66 mates;] ⁓: Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
67 Moon:] ⁓; Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
68 Adamant)] ⁓: Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
70 As true as Troilus] As true as Troylus Q1–2, F, D (Troilus Q2, F, D).
Critical Apparatus
77 Maids,] ⁓; Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
78 said, As false as Cressida] said‸ as false as Cressida Q1–2, F, D (said, D).
Critical Apparatus
81 together,] ⁓: Q1–2, F; ⁓; D.
Editor’s Note
83 Pandars. By ending at this point Dryden avoids Shakespeare's problematic summary of the vows of the two lovers and the go-between beginning, "let all constant men be Troylusses" (III, ii, 205). The logic of the passage appears to demand "inconstant men." See Variorum, pp. 163–165.
Critical Apparatus
85 ever?] Q2, F; ⁓! Q1, D.
Editor’s Note
86 Priests. This instance of anticlericalism is Dryden's addition.
Critical Apparatus
89 I'le] Q2, F, D; Ile Q1.
Critical Apparatus
92 'em,] e'm‸ Q1; 'em‸ ; Q2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
92 Rogues,] F, D; ⁓‸ Q1–2.
Critical Apparatus
98 i'fack] I fack Q1, D; I'fack Q2, F.
Critical Apparatus
99 get you] Q2, F, D; get ye Q1.
Editor’s Note
99 hildings. Jades, good-for-nothings. OED cites this passage.
Editor’s Note
101 neyes. The OED defines this as an obsolete form for "eyes" and cites this passage as an example. In this context, however, it appears deliberately arch, and Pandarus' combination of playful abuse resembles Thomas Otway's more famous rendering of Antonio's sexually playful speech a few years later in Venice Preserv'd (III, i, 14–128). Cf. Otway, Works, ed. J. C. Ghosh (1932), II, 231–234.
Critical Apparatus
102+ s.d. Enter] Q2, F, D; Enoter Q1.
Critical Apparatus
102+ s.d. Torch;] ⁓, Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
102+ s.d. Torches.] Q2, F, D; ⁓, Q1.
Editor’s Note
103–158 So ho … wait you. This scene is an excellent example of Dryden's judicious cutting. He replaces Shakespeare's Paris with Hector; eliminates Shakespeare's brief appearance of Calchas requesting the exchange of his daughter for Antenor (III, iii, 1–33) by reducing it to a brief narrative in Hector's dialogue with Aeneas; and both clarifies and intensifies the feelings of all the characters by dropping a somewhat irrelevant discussion between Paris and Diomedes about Helen.
Critical Apparatus
106 Greek] D; Greek Q1–2, F.
Critical Apparatus
114 t'other] Q2, F, D; to'ther Q1.
Critical Apparatus
116 meet] meets Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
117 life.] D; ⁓, Q1–2, F.
Editor’s Note
117 –118 thy life. / Æneas. The first edition reads "thy life, / Eneas," with "Eneas" serving as vocative to open a line instead of the indented speech tag it should be. The exchange between Diomedes and Aeneas is let stand with minor variations from Shakespeare (IV, i, 20–26), and the bungled composition may conceal the loss of a line from Dryden's text corresponding to the last line of Diomedes' speech in Shakespeare: "With all my force, pursuite and pollicy." Alternatively, Dryden may have dropped that line in order to bring together "hunter" and "hunt."
Critical Apparatus
118 Æneas] Q2, F, D (speech tag indented); Eneas Q1 (speech tag not indented).
Critical Apparatus
118 Lyon] Q2, F, D; Lyou Q1.
Critical Apparatus
119 Diomede,] Q2, F, D; ⁓‸ n> Q1.
Critical Apparatus
124 worse.] F, D; ⁓‸ n> Q1–2.
Critical Apparatus
125 s.d. [To Hect.] My] ‸To Hect.‸ my Q1–2, F, D (To F; Hect.] F, D; My F, D).
Critical Apparatus
127 Calchas's] F, D; Colchas's Q1; Calchas's Q2.
Critical Apparatus
130 Anterior] Anthenor Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
131 Cressida.] F; ⁓: Q1–2, D.
Critical Apparatus
133 Calchas,] Colchos; Q1–2, F; Calchas; D.
Critical Apparatus
136 Calchas] D; Colchos Q1–2, F.
Critical Apparatus
137 Antenor,] Anthenor Q1–2; Anthenor, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
140 Your … Diomede——— ] (Your … Diomede) Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
141 Troilus] Q2, F, D; Troylus Q1.
Critical Apparatus
142 Pandarus] Q2, F, D; Paudarus Q1.
Critical Apparatus
143 house.] D; ⁓: Q1–2, F.
Critical Apparatus
143 approach,] F, D; ⁓‸ n> Q1–2.
Critical Apparatus
144 Which … much unwelcome … him ] Which … much / Unwelcome … him Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
146 Troilus] Q2, F, D; Troylus Q1.
Critical Apparatus
149 blood.] Q2, F; ⁓: Q1, D.
Critical Apparatus
154 Diomede.] ⁓; Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
154 s.d. To Diomed.] D; to Diomed. Q1–2; to Diomed. F.
Critical Apparatus
158 to] to Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
158+ s.d. [Exeunt] F, D; ‸⁓ Q1–2.
Critical Apparatus
158+ s.d. severally; Diomede] severally. / [Diomede Q1–2, F; severally; / [Dio-mede D.
Critical Apparatus
158+ s.d. Æneas,] ⁓; Q1–2, F, D.
Editor’s Note
158+ s.d. Musick. "A company of musicians" (OED). Summers (V, 425) remarks: "It was very frequent actually to introduce the musicians on to the stage as attending some character in a play."
Critical Apparatus
162 they] Q2, F, D; the Q1.
Critical Apparatus
163 awake] Q2, F; awaken Q1, D.
Critical Apparatus
164 a both] aboth Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
164 sides.] ⁓: Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
164 s.d. Listens.] F, D; listens Q1–2.
Critical Apparatus
166 creake! … creake! ] D; ⁓: … ⁓: Q1–2, F.
Critical Apparatus
168 Sir?] Q2, F; ⁓! Q1, D.
Editor’s Note
170 Man in the Moon. Pandarus gives a bawdy interpretation to the servant's remark. Eric Partridge notes that in the seventeenth century "the half-moon" was a slang term for "the female pudend [sic]" (A Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English, 5th ed. [1961], I, 368). For some parallels, see Summers, V, 425; Congreve, Love for Love, II, i, 256, in The Complete Plays, ed. Herbert Davis (1967), p. 242.
Critical Apparatus
171 To … [to] … so ] as in D; set as line of verse in Q1–2, F.
Critical Apparatus
171 Moon?] S-S; ⁓, Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
173+ s.d. Musick,] Q2, F, D; ⁓. Q1.
Critical Apparatus
179 sweetens,] F, D, f1–2, D; ⁓‸ n> Q1–2, m.
Critical Apparatus
181 possessing] Q2, F, D, f1–2, d, m; possessiug Q1.
Editor’s Note
188 what a ferrup. An exclamation like "what the deuce." The OED cites this passage as an example.
Critical Apparatus
189 s.d. [Exit] F, D; ‸⁓ Q1–2.
Critical Apparatus
190 Pand. peeping] Peeping Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
190 i'faith] D; Ifaith Q1; I'faith Q2, F.
Critical Apparatus
190 i'faith] D; ifarth Q1; I'faith Q2, F.
Critical Apparatus
190 what,] D; ⁓‸ Q1–2, F.
Editor’s Note
191 a fair quarrell. The play by Middleton and Rowley with this title ends with the line, "Fair be that quarrel that makes such happy friends." Pandarus may be running a number of proverbial phrases together in this line, perhaps with some bawdy suggestions.
Critical Apparatus
197 matters?] Q2, F; ⁓! Q1, D.
Critical Apparatus
206 a not] anot Q1–2, F; a'not D.
Critical Apparatus
206 twinkle?] ⁓! Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
206 A] Ah Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
207–208 s.d. him! [Knock within. / Cress.] him! / Knock within. Cress. Q1–2, F, D ("Knock" indented; within. Q2; within.] F, D).
Critical Apparatus
208 see.] ⁓: Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
212 Come,] Q2, F; ⁓‸ Q1, D.
Critical Apparatus
212–213 thing. / [Knock again. / How] thing: / Knock again. How Q1–2, F, D ("Knock" indented; again.] F, D).
Critical Apparatus
213 knock!] , Q1–2, F; ⁓? D.
Critical Apparatus
214+ s.d. Troil. Cressida] F, D; Troil. Cressida Q1–2.
Critical Apparatus
215–216 Who's … [to] … there! ] set as verse in Q1–2, F, D ( / Will ).
Critical Apparatus
215 there?] Q2, F; ⁓! Q1, D.
Critical Apparatus
215 what's] Q2, F, D; whats Q1.
Critical Apparatus
215 matter?] Q2, F; ⁓! Q1, D.
Critical Apparatus
218 there?] ⁓, Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
222 Come,] Q2, F; ⁓‸ Q1, D.
Editor’s Note
229 –439 Dryden's addition, as he notes in the preface (227:6–228:21).
Critical Apparatus
243 anger,] F, D; ⁓‸ Q1–2.
Critical Apparatus
249 ne're] near Q1; ne'r Q2; ne'er F, D.
Critical Apparatus
262 Hecuba's?] Q2, F, D; ⁓. Q1.
Critical Apparatus
253 wo'not] Q2, F, D; won'not Q1.
Critical Apparatus
268 you?] Q2, F; ⁓! Q1, D.
Critical Apparatus
269 Anterior] Anthenor Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
269 whom?] Q2, F, D; ⁓. Q1.
Critical Apparatus
274 Anterior] Anthenor Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
274–275 exchang'd, … harsh, ] Q2, F, D; ⁓‸ … ⁓‸ Q1.
Critical Apparatus
278 o'repower] Q2; orepower Q1; o'erpower F, D.
Critical Apparatus
281 do,] Q2, F, D; ⁓‸ Q1.
Critical Apparatus
289 safety] Q2, F, D; fafety Q1.
Critical Apparatus
290 freed] D; free'd Q1–2, F.
Critical Apparatus
290 Antenors] Anthenors Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
290 You] Q2, F, D; Yon Q1.
Editor’s Note
295 parting from a Mistriss. These lines may well have made the audience think of the Duchess of Portsmouth, whose unpopularity at this time had reached new depths. Contemporary lampoons linked her to the Popish Plot; in February 1680, at least one riot erupted in Dorset Garden directed against her. See Jeanine Delpech, The Duchess of Portsmouth (1953), pp. 134–148; Poems on Affairs of State, ed. Elias F. Mengel, Jr. (1965), II, 14–15, 21; Van Lennep, I, 284. A Poem to the Charming Fair One, dated 1675 by the Henry E. Huntington Library, links Portsmouth with Helen of Troy:
Critical Apparatus
298 thus,] Q2, F, D; ⁓‸ Q1.
Critical Apparatus
299 He … [to]love! ] in romans in Q1–2, F, D (love? Q1; Love? Q2, F, D).
Critical Apparatus
302 whom?] Q2, F; ⁓! Q1, D.
Critical Apparatus
312 Man?] ⁓. Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
314 say,] Q2, F; ⁓‸ Q1, D.
Critical Apparatus
319, 320 'em … 'em ] F, D; e'm … e'm Q1–2.
Critical Apparatus
321 life.] F, D; ⁓: Q1–2.
Critical Apparatus
323 Helen] D; Hellen Q1–2, F.
Critical Apparatus
328 decreed] F, D; decree'd Q1–2.
Critical Apparatus
329 Troilus] Q2, F, D; Troylus Q1.
Critical Apparatus
332 Troil.] Q2, F, D; Troil. Q1.
Critical Apparatus
333 I'le] Q2, F, D; Ile Q1.
Critical Apparatus
333 will.] F; ⁓; Q1–2, D.
Editor’s Note
334 My Fathers. Summers (V, 426) points out that, although "Our Fathers" would be more correct in a dialogue between brothers, this usage was common.
Critical Apparatus
335, 336 Troil.] Q2, F, D; Troil. Q1.
Critical Apparatus
336 you're] F, D; you'r Q1–2.
Critical Apparatus
339 I'me] Q2, F, D; Im'e Q1.
Editor’s Note
344 puffe it from me. "An act of puffing as an expression of contempt; a scornful gesture" (OED). A similar phrase appears in Dryden's very free translation of one of Horace's odes (Book III, xxix) in 1685 (Works, III, 84, 297n).
Critical Apparatus
348 I'le] Q2, F, D; Ile Q1.
Critical Apparatus
356 Heav'n,] Heaven‸ Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
356 common.] F; ⁓, Q1–2, D.
Editor’s Note
356 common. A common prostitute. Hector might have simply meant that she was of low birth, and Troilus is doubtful enough to demand an explanation. Hector's comparison between Cressida and a display of tainted meat leaves little question of his meaning. There appears to be little suggestion in the play that Cressida was unworthy of Troilus, but see Summers, V, 426–427.
Critical Apparatus
359 Heav'n] Heaven Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
359+ s.d. [Hector] F, D; ‸⁓ Q1–2.
Critical Apparatus
359+ s.d. Troilus … Troilus ] Q2, F, D; Troylus … Troylus Q1.
Critical Apparatus
368 the] D; ye Q1–2, F.
Critical Apparatus
374 counsel,] ⁓‸ Q1–2, F; ⁓! D.
Critical Apparatus
375 farewel, farewel,] F; ⁓, ⁓. Q1–2, D.
Critical Apparatus
377 s.d. Going] D; going Q1–2, F.
Critical Apparatus
383 me?] D; ⁓; Q1–2, F.
Critical Apparatus
385 I'le] Q2, F, D; Ile Q1.
Critical Apparatus
395 love,] Q2, F, D; ⁓‸ Q1.
Critical Apparatus
396 not,] ⁓‸ Q1.Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
396 a friend] a friend Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
397 if] D; if Q1–2, F.
Critical Apparatus
398 part.] F, D; ⁓, Q1–2.
Critical Apparatus
400 Brother?] Q2, F; ⁓! Q1, D.
Critical Apparatus
409 been to] Q2, D; been too Q1, F.
Critical Apparatus
409 much to] D; much too Q1–2, F.
Critical Apparatus
418 thee.] D; ⁓: Q1–2, F.
Critical Apparatus
423 Troil.] Q2, F, D; Troil, Q1.
Critical Apparatus
427 possession!] ⁓. Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
438, 439 lines indented in Q1–2, F, D.
Critical Apparatus
439 s.d. [Exeunt] D; ‸⁓ Q1–2, F.
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