Main Text

Wacke
Chile, Chiloe Island 9141
St Jago, Cape Verde Islands 82, 14
Waddington, C., Principles of Embryology 2969(4)
Wade, –, drooping eyelids 19395
Wading birds 15275
confinement behaviour 20121
first bird colonists 3425
plumage moult 22479
Waetcher, –, orchid fertilization 172
Wafer, –, raised shell beds 953
Wagner, –, Kaffir skull 2144
Wagner, Moritz Friedrich
oriental dogs 20193
species isolation 1685
Wagner, Nicoli, flies 16402–3
Wagner, Rudolph
birds 22389(48)
pg 536Cirripedia 1146; 1286(40), 87(43)
Wahlenborg, –, alpine plants propagation 20132(110)
Waigiou, East Indies, geology 7112, 150
Waimate, New Zealand 1331, 335; 3393, 396–400
Waiomio, New Zealand 1339; 3401
Waitz, Prof. –
Australian infants 22580(6)
human adornment 22597
human race, classification 21181(18)
negro beards 22583(16)
negroes in colder climate 21200(60)
Wake, Charles Staniland
human marriage 22614(8)
language 2195
Walckenaer, –
Lithobius 22284(26)
spiders, music attraction 22283
Waldegrave, Capt. 167
Waldeyer, –, hermaphrodite vertebrates 21167(26)
Wales 13, 36, 87
cleavage and foliation 9192
white cattle 1976
Walford, Capt. –, 1261
Walker, Alexander
human hand size 2137(25)
intermarriage 19380(152)
polydactylism inheritance 19400(30)
Walker, D., wheat, soil change advantage 20111(3)
Walker, Francis
Bibio 22290
Coelopa 1770
Sarcophaga 1770
Walker, R. cattle reversion 207
Wallace, –, brush–tongued lories, pollen 25321(2)
Wallace, Alexander, Sphingidae, sterility 20122(64)
Wallace, Alfred Russel 10xxiv, 23(21), 128(44)
beetles 22315
biographical reference 29145, 147
birds 22372, 410
nest camouflage 22469, 470, 472, 473
parental colouration 22493, 498
plumage variation 20233; 22488(7), 490, 491, 492
butterflies 22324, 326, 333, 334, 336
sex ratio 22259
caterpillars 22338–9
change limits 20358
chatterers, secondary sexual characteristics 22227
colour protection 22270, 509
Darwin, C. R., Linnean paper (1858) 2967
descent of man 214
Diadema 22321(5)
dogs, multiple origin 1923(28)
domestic races, variation 1632
Elaphomyia 22291
expression
infants 23280(4)
surprise 23222–3(9)
eyes 16153
feral animals 205
fish 22357
geographical distribution 15253
hair 21156, 157(9)
human imitation 2172–3
humans
beards 22583(17)
nakedness 22624
insects 22288–9
Lepidoptera 1639, 242; 22332
sex ratio 22260, 262
Leptorhynchus angustatus 22311
Malay Archipelago 15281
Malays 21174(4)
mimicry 16190–1, 393
moths 22325, 328(20), 330
mating 22217
motion, muscle use 2388(2)
natural selection 2153, 132, 138
ocellus markings 22443
orang–utan, weapon use 2186
Origin of Species 151; 16443
Papuan adornment 22598(46)
polymorphic butterflies 20234
polymorphism 1637
primitive morality 21126(43), 136(6)
reversion 20357
sexual coloration 22460, 468
snakes 22367
striped Javanese horse 1953
variation, limits 1632
Wallachian sheep, horns, sexual pecularities 1986
pg 537Walleechu tree 262
Walley, Rev. Dr –, correspondence Miss Seward 2934
Wallflowers, bud–variation 19356
Wallich, George Charles, Thuja 19337
Wallis, –, Whitsunday Atoll 781–2
Wallis, – (Hartfield), orchid donations 1791(2)
Wallis Island, Friendly Islands 7136–7
Walnuts 19331–2; 267
grafting 19332; 20214
thin–shelled, tomtit targets 20187
Walpole, Horace, correspondence Barrett, – 2941
Walruses
teeth 22523
tusks 22534
Walsh, Benjamin Dann
apple pests 19325(93)
butterflies 22259, 325
Cynipidae 22262
galls 20236
Ichneumonidae 22303
insects 16132; 22286
'Law of equable variability' 20297
locusts 22297(39)
Neuroptera 22263, 301(49)
Phanaeus carnifea 22306–7
Spectrum femoratum 22300
variation 1640, 132
Walther, F. L.
dogs, history 1914(2), 15
zebu/cattle crossing 1975(50)
Wapiti 22525, 532, 558
Ward, –, Ocellus markings 22456
Ward, Nathanial Bagshaw, raised shells, Penang 7113(28)
Waring, –, individual sterility 20126
Waring, Robert seeDarwin, Robert Waring
Warington, R., fish 22345(3), 354, 359(37)
Warming, Dr –
Drosera 244, 5, 6, 188
Genlisea 24332
trichomes 24267(10)
Utricalaria roots 24295(4)
Warrea 17109, 190
Warren, Dr –, respect for Darwin, Erasmus 2947
Warspite, H. M. S. 155, 68, 70, 72
Wart–hog 22540–1 (fig.67)
Warzenformige meereichel see Verruca strömia
Washington, John, acknowledgment 7ix
Washington Island, Pacific Ocean 7133
Wasps
orchid fertilization 17198
preying on spiders 232–3
sting 15145
Epipactis latifolia attraction 25324
Wateeo Island, Cook Islands 747–8, 129
Water, sold at Iquique 3347
Water–beetles 1662–3; 22286
Water–hen 15133; 16150
Water–hog 245
Water–ouzel 1014(58), 91; 15133
behaviour 16149
Waterer, –, Cytisus alpino–laburnum 19363
Waterhouse, Charles Owen, blind beetles 22305
Waterhouse, George Robert 15161
affinities 15306
Australian marsupials 1584; 1694
bees 15161; 16229–30
classification 15306; 16394–5
clicking butterfly 231(8)
gibbons, music 22590
Lepus variabilis 19100
mammalia 4(ii)1–140
mammals 1694
rodents 245(4), 164(2)
variation 15108
Watersail, Galapagos Archipelago 3361
Waterton, Charles
half–bred wild ducks 2017
hares 22521(1)
hens, male characters assumption 2022
hybrid birds 22429
naturalist 2996
tailless foals production 1948
wild ducks, taming 19256(8)
Watson, Hewett Cottrell
acclimatization 15101; 16119
alpine species 16346
British plants 20238(57)
British wild fruit–trees 19288(17)
Draba sylvestris fertility 20127
evolution 16106–7
pg 538flora 1543, 259, 262, 268; 1638, 48, 343
London Catalogue of Plants 1648
plums, origin 19321(71)
Primula 2642, 44, 46, 52–3
Pyrus malus, variation 19324(85)
rarity, intermediate forms 15126; 16143
Viola 19343
weeds, non–variation 19293
Balanus 15126
Wattles, rudimentary fowls 20265
Watts, Elizabeth, Sultan fowls 19210(2)
Waves
caused ice fall 2219
tidal from earthquake 3295
Way, Albert, friendship, Darwin, C. R. 29104
Weald, denudation 15204
Weale, John Philip Mansel
Bonatea 1753
caterpillar 22338
Disa 1754
Disa macrantha 1754, 204
Disperis 1754
expression 23175, 178
Habernaria 1753(16)
orchids, bibliography 17vii, viii
seed dispersal, locusts 16342
snakes 2380(28)
surprise expression 23223
Weapons
animal use 2186
mammals 22522–36
Weatherboard Inn, New South Wales 3409
Weathering
see alsoEnvironment
Cordillera 3305
rocks
clay–slate, Chile 9189(23)
exfoliation 9167
gneiss–granite 9168
subaerial agencies 28103–5
worm action 28105–15
Weaver, –, raised shells, Mexico 961(37)
Weaver–bird, weaving 22385
Webb, Dr –, teeth 2124(42)
Webb, Jonas, sheep interbreeding 2085
Webb, R., Savaii Island 752[1]
Weber, –, head shape, mother's pelvis effect 20291
Webster, Dr –
Ascension Island, gypsum 842(18)
Azores 886(12)
Weddell, Hugh Algernon
Aceras 1718(7)
Aceras/Orchis hybrids 2654
Wedderburn, –, teeth/hair correlation 20276
Wedderburn, David, birds, courtship 22421
Wedgewood, Euphemia, wife of Farrer, T. H 29134(17)
Wedgwood, Caroline Sarah Darwin, sister of Darwin, C. R. 2976
Wedgwood, Emma 1xiii
Wedgwood, Hensleigh 1xiii
anger 23183(6), 199(6)
disgust 23200(9), 202–3(15)
emotions
expression 2378, 124(23), 164, 169, 193(19)
shame 23252(23)
fear 23242(42)
language origins 2191
shyness 23259(32)
surprise 23224
The Origin of Language 23177(11)
Wedgwood, Josiah I, of Etruria 1339(53)
Wedgwood, Josiah II, 1xxiv, 3, 393(1) 399(61); 282; 2978, 97, 110
Wedgwood, Josiah
correspondence
Darwin, Erasmus 297, 14–15, 20, 26, 37, 43–7, 52, 54
Darwin, Robert Waring 29216–17
Weeds
English, in New Zealand 3400
modification need 19293
Weevil, stone–fruit injury, North America 20188
Weevil–beetles, secondary sexual characteristics 22216
Weijenberg, –, parthenogenesis 20309(16)
pg 539Weir, Harrison William
bird calls 22383(28)
pigeons 22426, 22432, 433, 22256
pigs 2077, 22255
Weir, John Jenner
birds 22374, 414, 415, 416, 427
calls 22383, 384
female choice 22222(9)
hybrid 22429, 430
migration 22220, 221
sex ratio 22256, 257(65)
bullfinches 22435
caterpillars 22338
falcons 22423
hawks, instinctive behaviour 2374–5
japanned peacock 19268
mare 19380
moths 22325–6, 326(12)
quagga 19380
siskins, wildness 2017
starlings 22227
Weisbach, Dr–
human anatomy 21173(2)
Novara expedition 22231(23), 582(12)
Weismann, August Friedrich Leopold
butterflies 22324
dimorphic butterflies 20234(46)
isolation 20226
reversion 2021(53)
rudimentary organs 16416
snakes 16416
variation
causes 20244(63)
domestication 166
Welcker, Hermann
human skulls 22580(3)
human stature/skull shape 2160
Wellington, Mount, Tasmania 3245, 419–20
Wells, Dr –, skin colour 21200
Wells
ebbing and flowing 3427
Iquique 3348
Wellstead, Lt –
coral growth
Persian Gulf 766
Red Sea 756(13), 70
Werner, Abraham Gottlob, geologist 2994(16)
West Indies 3444, 7166
coral reefs 749, 177–84, 196–7
mammals 15281–2; 16367
recent uplift 7115
sea bed 773(42); 926–7
West Island, Keeling Islands 3431
Western, Lord 107, 51, 70; 1971; 2087
sheep, change effected 20157
Westphalia, striped piglets 1969(27)
Westring, Niklas
beetles 22314(77), 315, 316
Reduvius personatus 22292
Theridion, male stridulation 22283
Westropp, Hodder Michael
reasoning bear 2181
stone arrow–heads 21185
Westwood, John Obadiah
Agrionidae 22301
beetles 16130; 22310–11, 313(72)
Calceolaria, peloric flowers 20292
common ancestral stock 1542
Engidae, tarsi 15113
Hymenoptera 16381
insects 21153, 22230(19), 292(22)
locusts 22296
moths 22326(14)
Mutillidae 22285(1)
sand–wasps 22286
saw–flies 22303
secondary sexual characteristics 22216(1)
Tipulae 22291
Wetherell, Nathaniel Thomas
acknowledgement 14(i)v
inheritance 19407(56)
Wetterhan, –, Corylus 267
Whales 1193; 16191; 16191
see alsoCetacea
evolution 15217
fossils 15217
Greenland, morphology 16191
nakedness 2160
rudimentary teeth 1035, 173
sexual dimorphism 22537
Wharton, Capt. W.J.S.
acknowledgement 7v
Zanzibar 7170–1[32]
Whately, Richard
animal language 2189
savages degraded from civilised 21148
thorns, grafting 19337
Wheat
Aegilops, hybrids 2076
ancient variety 20369
pg 540barbs 19290
climate effects 19292; 20257
competition 1661
continuous variation 20159
crossing varieties 2064
deterioration 19292
Fenton variety 20189
Hasora 19290
Indian, chemical differences 20127–8
methodical selection 19294; 20159
Neolithic Swiss lake–dwellings 19294–5
red, hardiness 20186, 285–6
selection 19294
soil effects 19292; 20111
species diversity 19289–93, 293
variation 19289–90
varieties 1582; 165, 92; 2071(14), 95–6
wild 20215
Whewell, William 3296(9); 10xxiii, 149
acquaintance, Darwin, C. R. 29106
History of the Inductive Sciences 29131
maternal love 2174
Whitaker, William, denudation, chalk 28104
Whitby, Mary Anne Theresa, silk–moth caterpillar 19279
White, –, crossed races blending 2056(5)
White, Charles, amputation curiosity 19401
White Cowper, –
dental system, defective development 20278
eye affections 20278
White, F. Buchanan, moths, noise 22320
White, Gilbert
birds
calls 22383
pairing 22423
dogs, vegetable diet 20254
partridge, sex ratio 22256
worm habits 287
White, Martin, sea bed studies 8106; 926
White animals, disease susceptibility 20286
White barn owl seeOwls, white barn
White Mountains, flora 15260
White owls seeOwls, white
White rumped snipe seeTotanus melanoleucos
Whitley, Charles Thomas, friendship, Darwin, C. R. 29102–3
Whitmee, Rev. S. J.
fishes, defensive behaviour 2371(11)
Savaii Island 752[1]
Whitney, William Dwight, language 2190, 93(63)
Whitson Bay 117
Whitsunday Atoll, Low Archipelago 73–4, 27(23), 81–2
Whittaker, –, geology 16279
Whytootacke Island 1326
Wichura, Max Ernst
hybrid willows 2021, 96, 220–1
hybrids 16260, 261, 271
plant hybrids 2654, 173
Wickham, John Clements
Adventure command 1183
Beagle 176, 400(62)
biography xxiv
Buenos Ayres 179
camping on shore 195
Carnival 139–40
hunting party 192
La Lièvre command 198, 106, 130, 132, 140
St Pauls 134
Wicking, –
Columba livia 19184
pigeons, white head production 20158
Wicksted, –, individual sterility 20126
Widow–bird, polygamy 22227
Wiegmann, A. J. F.
cabbage crossing 2095
contabescence 20128(88)
pea interbreeding 19374
Wiesner, Julius von
nutation 272, 73, 74, 200
photonasty 27328, 331, 339, 414
radicle sensitivity 27405
Sarracenia 24337(10)
Wigandia, leaf nutation 27182
Wight, Robert, plants, sexual sterility 20132(109)
Wigwam Cove 1114; 2183
Wigwams, Fuegians 2183
pg 541Wilckens, Dr –
altitude effect 2139
skin pores 21204(69)
Wilckens, Martin
alpine breeds 20252(28)
drooping ears 20252(28)
hair/horns correlation 20275(15)
sheep, previous impregnation 19381(152)
Wild boar seeBoar, wild
Wilde, Sir W. R.
animal breeds, ancient Irish 20162(41)
Bos species, occurrence 1973(42)
Wilder, Burt Green
dogs brains 1930(56)
supernumerary digits 19399; 22232
Wildman, –, dahlias 20174(85), 227(4)
Wilheim Plains, Mauritius 3449
Wilkes, Charles, pigeon taming 20124(68)
Wilke's Expedition, Low Archipelago 762
Wilkinson, Henry Marlow, Utricularia 24294(2)
Wilkinson, J., crossed cattle 2071
Will, – Drosera digestive action 2466(3), 73(6)
Willenow, –, acknowledgement 1829
Williams, –
Hamburgh hen plumage 19236(60)
strawberries, crossing 19327
Williams, – (Port–master, Chiloe Island) 932
Williams, Rev. J. 3407
atoll theories 781
Cook Islands 7110
Friendly Islands 7100(1), 111
Savage Island 7110
Society Islands 737, 39(6), 116(38)
Upolu Island 761(21)
Williams, Rev. W., Bay of Islands 1328 331, 335, 336; 3390
Williamson, Capt. –
asses, India 1956(45)
dogs, India 1934
Williamson, William Crawford,
Anemone coronaria doubling 20159
Willows
galls 20236–7
hybrids 20220
weeping 19336, 357
Willughby, F.
duck, hook–billed 19255(3)
pigeons 19143(22), 191–3
Wilmot, –
crested white turkey–cock 19271
sheep, colour reversion 203(4)
Wilson, –
carrion crow 56
consul general, Callao 1301
missionary at Tahiti 1313, 315, 317, 325; 3376, 380
sheep transmission prepotency 2039
Wilson, A. J., Brassica campestris ruta baga, seedlings 25308
Wilson, Alexander Stephen
leaves 27168–9, 220
pollen–grains 25325
wheat, self–fertility 25320(1)
Wilson, B. O'Neale, cattle, Tasmania 1975
Wilson, Belford, Consul–General, Lima 981, 83(18)
Wilson, Dr –
compressed American skulls 22607
Fijian adornment 22606(70)
humans, appearance 22606
Manx cat, prepotency 2036
Wilson, James, dogs, origin 1914(2)
Wilson, O., bulls, breeding 20155–6
Wilson, S.
blushing 23252
Mangaia Island 7110
Winchester, Hampshire, chalk formation near 28134
Winds
action, worm–castings 28126–9
Australia 3412
Cordillera 3310, 345
volcanic crater formation 828
Wing–feathers seeFeathers
Wings
insects 15137, 320–1
size 1597
Winterbottom, –, negro infants 22580(6)
Wirtgen, –, Lythrum salicaria 2699, 103, 106
Wisdom teeth, atrophy of human 2124
Wistaria 188, 11, 13, 24, 26
chinensis 1818
sinensis 25325, 362; 27335
Wolf–dog, black, Florida 1920
pg 542Wolff, –, human diversity 2131
Wollaston, Thomas Vernon
beetles 22317
Curculionidae 22313(73)
Eurygnathus 22287
insects 1536, 96, 98, 277; 1639, 113, 115, 362
intermediate forms, rarity 15126; 16143
land–shells, Madeira 1539, 286; 1643, 372
varieties 16143
Wolves 1055–6, 64; 15154
Arctic, instinct 2180
burrowing 1924
cubs barking 1924
dog hybrids 1928
dog resemblance 1918–19
Falkland Islands 15280
imitation 2176
Ireland 1914
natural selection 1566–7; 1674
Prairie 1919
social animal 21105
varieties 1566
winter colouring 22564
Wonder, animals 2176
Wonfor, –, butterflies 22288
Wood, –, tertiary fossils 9307
Wood, fossil
Argentina 9103–4, 105, 134(4)
Chile
Chiloe Island 9141, 143–4
Copiapo Valley 9264
Coquimbo Valley 9250
Despoblado Valley 9266
Illapel 9245
sodium nitrate deposits 982
tertiary formations 9146, 147, 149, 154
Cordillera, Uspallata Range 9237–9
Tierra del Fuego 9137
Wood, Lt –, Maldives/Laccadives 777(3)
Wood, John 23136(4)
humans
male abnormalities 22231
muscle 2131, 45, 46, 47(54)
muscle contraction, expression 23238–9
Wood, S., Scalpellum quadratum 14(i)25
Wood, Searles Valentine, acknowledgement 14(i)v; 14(ii)v
Wood, Thomas W.
acknowledgement 21iv
birds 22410(89), 411, 412, 421
chamaeleons 22371
moths 22325(10), 328
ocellus markings 22455–6
Wood, Willoughby
cross reversion 2013(29)
Mr Bates' cattle 2084(6)
Wood–pigeons 1092
Woodbury, T. W.
bees variability 19275(62)
Ligurian/hive–bees crossing 19276(62); 2093
Woodcocks
migratory instinct 1090
protective colouring 22510, 511
Woodlouse 210
Woodpeckers 104–5, 96, 99, 112; 1545, 132
colour 22416
evolution 16149
female preference 22431
green 15141
juveniles, colouration 22492
nest camouflage 22474
phenotype 16166
plumage 22499
protective colouring 22509
Woodward, Henry
geology 16288
speciation 16306
Woodward, Samuel Pickworth 15210
acknowledgement 14(i)v
Arctic Mollusca 20211(8)
genera, succession 15226; 16306
Pyrgoma 16297
Wooler, W. A.
Himalayan rabbit 1999
polyanthus 2613
calyx colour 19339–40
Woollaston Island 1126, 193 195; 2184
Woolner, –, scupltor 2119
Wormald, –, moths 22327(16)
Worms
burrows 287
depth/construction 2848–53
direction on a slope 28120–1
excavation 2843–8
pg 543plugging habits 2826–43
calciferous glands 288, 19–24
castings
acidity 2823
Calcutta, India 2854, 55 (fig.3)
ejection 2851–2
Nice, France 2847(11)
Nilgiri Mountains, India 2856
quantity experiments 2872–8
transport down–slope 28116–24, 136–7
wind erosion 28126–9
chalk soils 28132–5
digestion 2816–19, 23
distribution 284, 53, 53–7
dragging/gripping powers 2825–9
food and digestion 2816–19, 23, 45, 107–8
habitats 284–8
intelligence 2815–16
experiments 2829–43
nocturnal habits 286–7
population density 2871
senses 289–15
social feelings 2815
soil movement
ancient buildings, burial 2879–102
burial of layers 2858–66, 75–8
crowns and furrows 28130–2
ledges on hillsides 28124–6
mound degradation 28129–30
stones, subsidence 2866–71
structure 288–9 (fig.1)
weathering of rocks 28105–15
Wostock Island, Pacific Ocean 7130–1
Wounds, healing 20246
Wrangel, Ferdinand Petrovich 1090(13)
Wray, Leonard, Fragaria 26211(8)
Wrens 1081, 112
black 3276
gold–crested 1091
nest 15174
Wright, –
dogs 22538, 22545
horses 22546, 22264
Wroxeter, Roman city 2898
Wright, C. A., plumage variation 22507(47)
Wright, Charles, pollinia movement 17110
Wright, Chauncey
brain size, language 22635
expression, affirmation 23215(36)
giraffe 16231
human intellect 22594
human language 2152
species modifications 16212
Wright, J.
cattle selection 20154
game–cocks, interbreeding deterioration 2091
pigs, interbreeding effect 2088
short–horned cattle, crippled calves production 2084
Wright, Strethill, Hydroid development 20315
Wright, Thomas, acknowledgement 14(ii)v
Wright, Wilhelm von, birds 22405(79)
Wroxeter, Shropshire, Roman city remains 2898–102
Wullia (Woollya) 1196
Wundt, Wilhelm, antithesis principle 2337(1)
Wyman, Jeffries
bees 16231
codfish malformation 1980(64)
embryos 2113(16), 15
fish 22359(38)
parental care 21168(30)
foramen in humerus 2126(51)
gorilla, expressions 23107
monkeys, tool use 2185(37)
Niata cattle 1980(64)
polygamy 22225(10)
Sandwich Islanders' skulls 2130(2)
underwater browsing 20255
Virginian pigs 20184
Wynberg, South Africa 3450
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