### The Diary of Samuel Pepys, Vol. 6: 1665

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## pg 1JANUARY. $166 4 5$.

1. Lords day. Lay long in bed, having been busy late last night. Then up and to my office, where upon ordering my accounts and papers with respect to my understanding my last year's gains and expense, which I find very great, as I have already set down yesterday. Now this day, I am dividing my expense, to see what my clothes and every perticular hath stood me in; I mean, all the branches of my expense.

At noon, a good venison pasty and a turkey to ourselfs, without anybody so much as invited by us – a thing unusual for so small a family of my condition – but we did it and were very merry. After dinner to my office again, where very late alone upon my accounts, but have not brought them to order yet; and very intricate I find it, notwithstanding my care all the year to keep things in as good method as any man can do.

Past 11 a-clock, home to supper and to bed.

2. Up, and it being a most fine hard frost, I walked a good way toward White-hall; and then being overtaken with Sir W. Penn's coach, went into it, and with him thither and there did our usual business with the Duke. Thence, being forced to pay a great deal of money away in boxes1 (that is, basons at Whitehall), I to my barbers, Gervas's, and there had a little opportunity of speaking with my Jane alone, and did give her something; and of herself she did tell me a place where I might come to her on Sunday next, which I will not fail; but to see how modestly and harmlessly she brought it out was very pretty. Thence to the Swan, and there did sport a good while with Herbert's young kinswoman2 without hurt though, they being abroad, the old people. Then to the hall, and there agreed with Mrs. Martin, and to her lodgings which she hath now taken to lie in, ina Bow streete – pitiful poor things, yet she thinks them pretty; pg 2and so they are for her condition I believe, good enough. Here I did ce que je voudrais avec her most freely; and it having cost me 2s in wine and cake upon her, I away, sick of her impudence – and by coach to my Lord Brunkers by appointment, in the piazza in Covent-Guarding – where I occasioned much mirth with a ballet I brought with me, made from the seamen at sea to their ladies in town1 – saying Sir W. Penn, Sir G Ascue, and Sir J Lawson made them. Here a most noble French dinner and banquet, the best I have seen these many a day, and good discourse. Thence to my bookseller's and at his binders saw Hookes book of the Microscope,2 which is so pretty that I presently bespoke it; and away home to the office, where we met to do something; and then, though very late, by coach to Sir Ph. Warwickes; but having company with him, could not speak with him. So back again home, where, thinking to be merry, was vexed with my wife's having looked out a letter in Sir Ph. Sidny about jealousy for me to read,3 which she industriously and maliciously caused me to do; and the truth is, my conscience told me it was most proper for me, and therefore was touched at it; but took no notice of it, but read it out most frankly. But it stucka in my stomach; and moreover,b I was vexed to have a dog brought to my house to lime our little bitch, which they make him do in all their sights; which God forgive me, doth stir my Jealousy again, though of itself the thing is a very immodest sight.

However, to Cards with my wife a good while, and then to bed.

pg 3Editor’s Note3. Up, and by coach to Sir Ph. Warwickes, the street being full of footballs, it being a great frost.1 And finda him and Mr. Coventry walking in St. James park. I did my errand to him about the felling of the King's timber in the forests, and then to my Lord of Oxford, Justice in Eyre, for his consent thereto, for want whereof my Lord Privy Seale stops the whole business.2 I found him in his lodgings, in but an ordinary furnished house and room where he was, but I find him to be a man of good discreet replies.

Thence to the Coffee-house, where certain news that the Dutch have taken some of our Colliers to the north – some say four, some say seven.3

Thence to the Change a while, and so home to dinner and to the office, where we sat late, and then I to write my letters. Then to Sir W. Batten's, who is going out of town to Harwich tomorrow, to set up a Light-house there which he hath lately got a patent from the King to set up, that will turn much to his profit.4 Here very merry, and so to my office again, where very late, and then home to supper and to bed – but sat up with my wife at cards till past 2 in the morning.

4. Lay long; then up and to my Lord of Oxford's, but his Lordshipp was in bed at past 10 a-clock: and Lord help us, so rude a dirty family I never saw in my life. He sent me out word pg 4my business was not done, but should [be] against the afternoon.

I thence to the Coffee-house there, but little company; and so home to the Change, where I hear of some more of our ships lost to the Northward.1 So to Sir W. Batten, but he was set out before I got thither; I sat long, talking with my Lady, and then home to dinner. Then came Mr. Moore to see me, and he and I to my Lord of Oxford's; but not finding him within, Mr. Moore and I to Love in a tubb; which is very merry, but only so by gesture, not wit at all, which methinks is beneath that house.2

So walked home, it being a very hard frost, and I find myself, as heretofore in cold weather, to begin to burn within and pimple and prick all over my body, my pores with cold being shut up.

So home to supper and to cards and to bed.

5. Up, it being very cold and a great snow and frost tonight.

To the office, and there all the morning. At noon dined at home, troubled at my wife's being * angry with Jane our cook-maid (a good servant, though perhaps hath faults and is cunning) and given her warning to be gone. So to the office again, where we sat late; and then I to my office and there very late doing business. Home to supper and to the office again; and then late home to bed.

6. Lay long in bed, but most of it angry and scolding with my wife about her warning Jane our cook-maid to be gone – and upon that, she desires to go abroad today to look a place. A very good maid she is and fully to my mind, being neat – only, they say a little apt to scold; but I hear her not.

To my office all the morning, busy. Dined at home. To my office again, being pretty well reconciled to my wife; which I did desire to be, because she had designed much mirth today to pg 5end Christmas with among her servants. At night home, being Twelfenight, and there chose my piece of cake,1 but went up to my vial and then to bed, leaving my wife and people up at their sports, which they continue till morning, not coming to bed at all.

7. Up, and to the office all the morning. At noon dined alone, my wife and family most of them a-bed. Then to see my Lady Batten and sit with her a while, Sir W. Batten being out of town; and then to my office, doing very much business very late; then home to supper and to bed.

8. Lords day. Up betimes; and it being a very fine frosty day, I and my boy walked to White-hall and there to the chapel – where one Dr. Beaumont2 preached a good sermon, and afterward aa brave anthem upon the 150 Psalm; where upon the word "Trumpet"3 very good musique was made.

So walked to my Lady's and there dined with her (my boy going home), where much pretty discourse; and after dinner walked to Westminster and there to the house where Jane Welch had appointed me; but it being sermon time, they would not let me in4 and said nobody was there to speak with me. I spent the whole afternoon walking into the church and abbey and up and down, but could not find her; and so in the evening took a coach and home – and there sat discoursing with my wife; and by and by at supper, drinking some cold drink I think it was, I was forced to go make water and had very great pain after it; but was well by and by and continued so, it being only, I think, from the drink or from my straining hard at stool to do more then my body would. So afterb prayers, to bed.

9. Up, and walked to White-hall, it being still a brave frost and I in perfect good health, blessed be God. In my way saw a pg 6woman that broke her thigh, in her heels slipping up upon the frosty street. To the Duke, and there we did our usual work. Here I saw the Royall Societya bring their new book, wherein is nobly writ their Charter and laws, and comes to be signed by the Duke as a Fellow; and all the Fellows' hands are to be entered there and lie as a monument, and the King hath put his, with the word "Founder".1

Thence I to Westminster to my barber's and found occasion to see Jane, but in presence of her mistress, and so could not speak to her of her failing me yesterday. And then to the Swan to Herberts girl, and lost time a little with her. And so took coach, and to my Lord Crews and dined with him; who receives me with the greatest respect that could be – telling me that he doth much doubt of theb success of this war with Holland; we going about it, he doubts, by the instigation of persons that do not enough apprehend the consequences of the danger of it – and therein I do think with him.

Holmes was this day sent to the tower – but I perceive it is made matter of jest only. But if the Dutch should be our maisters, it may come to be of earnest to him, to be given over to them for a sacrifice, as Sir W. Rawly was.2

Thence to White-hall to a Tanger Comittee; where I was accosted and most highly complimented by my Lord Bellasses our new Governor, beyond my expectation or measure I could imaginec he would have given any man, as if I were the only person of business that he intended to rely on, and desires my pg 7correspondence with him. This I was not only surprized at, but am well pleased with and may make good use of it. Our patent is renewed, and he and my Lord Barkely and Sir Tho. Ingram put in as commissioners.1 Here some business happened which may bring me some profit.

Thence took coach; and calling my wife at her tailor's (she being come this afternoon to bring her mother some apples, neats tongues and brain) I home, and there at my office late with Sir W Warren and had a great deal of good discourse and counsel from him – which I hope I shall take, being all for my good in my deportment ina my office, yet with all honesty.

He gone, I home to supper and to bed.

10. Lay long, it being still very cold, and then to the office, where till dinner, and then home; and by and by to the office, where we sat and were very late, and I writing letters till 12 at night; and then after supper, to bed.

11. Up, and very angry with my boy for lying long a-bed and forgetting his Lute. To my office all the morning. At noon to the Change, and so home to dinner. After dinner to Gresham College to my Lord Brunker and Comissioner Pett, taking Mr. Castle with me, there to discourse over his draught of a ship he is to build for us2 – where I first find reason to apprehend Comissioner Pett to be a man of any ability extraordinary in anything, for I found he did turn and wind Castle like a chicken in his business, and that most pertinently and master-like.3 And pg 8great pleasure it was to me to hear them discourse, I of late having studied something thereon, and my Lord Brunker is a very able person also himself in this sort of business, as owning himself to be a master in the business of all lines and Conicall Sections.1 Thence home, where very late at my office, doing business to my content; though [God] knows with what a do it was that when I was out I could get myself to come home to my business, or when I was there, though late, could stay there from going abroad again. To supper and to bed.

This evening, by a letter from Plymouth,2 I hear that two of our ships, the Leopard, and another in the Streights, are lost by running aground, and that three more had like to have been so, but got off; whereof Captain Allen one – and that a Duch fleet are gone thither; which if they should meet with our lame ships, God knows what would become of them.3 This I reckon most sad news; God make us sensible of it. ⟨This night when I came home, I was much troubled to hear my poor Canary-bird that I have kept these three or four years is dead.⟩a

12. Up, and to White-hall about getting a privy-seal for felling of the King's timber for the Navy, and to the Lords' House to speak with my Lord Privy Seal about it; and so to the Change – where to my last night's ill newes, I met more. Spoke with a Frenchman who was taken, but released, by a Duch man-of-war of 36 guns (with seven more of the like or greater ships) off of the North Foreland, by Margett4 – which is a strange attempt, that they should come tob our teeths. But the wind being pg 9Easterly,1 the wind that should bring our force from Portsmouth will carry them away home. God preserve us against them, and pardon our making them in our discourse so contemptible an enemy. So home and to dinner, where Mr. Hollyard with us dined.

So to the office and there late, till 11 at night and more, and then home to supper and to bed.

13. Up betimes, and walked to my Lord Bellasses lodging in Lincolns Inn fields, and there he received and discoursed with me in the most respectful manner that could be – telling me what a character of my judgment and care and love to Tanger he had received of me, that he desired my advice and my constant correspondence, which he much valued, and in my Courtship – in which, though I understand his design very well, and that it is only a piece of Courtship, yet it is a comfort to me that I am become so considerable as to have him need to say that to me; which if I did not do something in the world, would never have been. Here well satisfied, I to Sir Ph. Warwicke and there did some business with him. Thence to Jervas's and there spent a little idle time with him, his wife, Jane, and a sweetheart of hers. So to the Hall awhile and thence to the Exchange, where yesterday's news confirmed, though in a little different manner. But a couple of ships in the Straights we have lost, and the Duch have been in Margaret road. Thence home to dinner, and so abroad and alone to the King's house to a play, The Traytor,2 where unfortunately I met with Sir W. Penn, so that I must be forced to confess it to my wife, which troubles me. Thence walked home, being ill-satisfied with the present actings of that house, and prefer the other house3 before this infinitely.

To my Lady Batten's, where I find Pegg Pen, the first time that ever I saw her to wear spots.4 Here very merry, Sir W. Batten being looked for tonight, but is not come from Harwich. So home to supper and to bed.

pg 1014. Up, and to White Hall, where long waited in the Dukes chamber for a committee intended for Tanger; but none met, and so I home and to the office, where we met a little; and then to the Change, where our late ill news confirmed, in loss of two ships in the Straights; but are now the Phœnix and Nonsuch.a1 Home to dinner, and thence with my wife to the King's house, there to see Vulpone,2 a most excellent play – the best I think I ever saw, and well acted. So with Sir W. Penn home in his coach, and then to the office; so home [to] supper and bed – resolving, by the grace of God, from this day to fall hard to my business again, after some, a week or fortnight's, neglect.

15. Lords day. Up; and after a little at my office to prepare a fresh draft of my vows for the next year, I to church, where a most insipid young coxcomb preached. Then home to dinner; and after dinner to read in Rusworths Collections about the charge against the late Duke of Buckingham,3 in order to the fitting me to speak and understand the discourse anon before the King, about the suffering the Turkey merchants to send out their fleet at this dangerous time, when we can neither spare them ships to go, nor men nor King's ships to convoy them.4

At 4 a-clock with Sir W. Penn in his coach to my Lord Chancellors, where by and by Mr. Coventry, Sir W. Penn, Sir J Lawson, Sir G Ascue, and myself were called in to the King, pg 11there being several of the Privy Council, and my Lord Chancellor lying at length upon a couch (of the goute I suppose); and there Sir W. Penn begun, and he had prepared heads in a paper and spoke pretty well to purpose, but with so much leisure and gravity as was tiresome – besides, the things he said was but very poor to a man in his trade after a great consideration. But it was to purpose endeed, to dissuade the King from lettinga these Turkey ships to go out – saying (in short), the King having resolved to have 130 ships out by the spring, he must have above 20 of them merchantmen – towards which, he in the whole river could find but 12 or 14; and of them, the five ships taken up by these merchants were a part, and so could not be spared. That we should need 30000 to man these 130 ships; and of them in service we have not above 16000, so we shall need 14000 more. That these ships will with their convoys carry above 2000 men, and those the best men that could be got, it being the men used to the southward that are the best men for war, though those bred in the north among the Colliers are good for labour. Thatb it will not be safe for the merchants, nor honourable for the King, to expose these rich ships with his convoy of six ships to go, it not being enough to secure them against the Dutch, who without doubt will have a great fleet in the Straights. This, Sir J Lawson enlarged upon. Sir G Ascu, he chiefly spoke that the warr and trade could not be supported together – and therefore, that trade must stand still to give way to that.

This Mr. Coventry seconded, and showed how the medium of the men the King hath, one year with another, imployed in his Navy since his coming, hath not been above 3000 men, or at most 4000 men; and now having occasion of 30000, the remaining 26000 must be found out of the trade of the nation.

He showed how the Cloaths sending by these merchants to Turkey are already bought and paid for to the workmen, and are as many as they would send these twelve months or more; so the poor do not suffer by their not going, but only the merchant, upon whose hands they lie dead – and so the inconvenience is the less. And yet for them he propounded: either the King should, if his Treasure would suffer it, buy them, and showed the loss would not be so great to him – or dispense with the act of pg 12Navigacion, and let them be carried out by strangers;1 and ending, that he doubted not but when the merchants saw there was no remedy, they would and could find ways of sending them abroad to their profit.

All ended with a conviction (unless future discourse with the merchants should alter it) that it was not fit for them to go out, though the ships be loaded.

The King in discourse did ask me two or three Questions about my news of Allen's loss in the Straights; but I said nothing as to the business, nor am not much sorry for it, unless the King had spoke to me as he did to them, and then I could have said something to the purpose I think. So we withdrew, and the merchants were called in.

Staying without, my Lord Fitzharding came thither and fell to discourse of Prince Rupert, and made nothing to say that his disease was the pox2 and that he must be Fluxed, telling the horrible degree of the disease upon him, with its breaking out on his head. But above all, I observed how he observed from the Prince that Courage is not what men take it to be, a contempt of death; "For," says he, "how Chagrin the Prince was the other day when he thought he should die – having no more mind to it then another man; but," says he, "some men are more apt to think they shall escape then another man in fight, while another is doubtful he shall be hit. But when the first man is sure he shall die, as now the Prince is, he is as much troubled and apprehensive of it as any man else. For," says he, "sence we told him that we believe he would overcome his disease, he is as merry, and swears and laughs and curses and doth all the things of a [man] in health, as ever he did in his life" – which methought was a most extraordinary saying, before a great many persons pg 13there of quality. So by and by with Sir W. Penn home again; and after supper to the office to finish my vows, and so to bed.

16. Up, and with Sir W. Batten and Sir W. Penn to Whitehall, where we did our business with the Duke. Thence I to Westminster hall and walked up and down. Among others, Ned Pickering met me and tells me how active my Lord is at sea1 – and that my Lord Hinchingbrooke is now at Rome,2 and by all reports a very noble and hopeful gentleman.

Thence to Mr. Povy's and there met Creed and dined well, after his olda manner of plenty and curiosity. But I sat in pain, to think whether he would begin with me again after dinner with his enquiry after my bill;3 but he did not, but fell into other discourse, at which I was glad. But was vexed this morning, meeting of Creed, at some bye-questions that he demanded of me about some such thing; which made me fear he meant that very matter – but I perceive he did not.

Thence to visit my Lady Sandwich; and so to a Tanger Comittee, where a great company of the new Comissioners, Lords, that in behalf of my Lord Bellasses are very loud and busy, and call for Povy's accounts; but it was a most sorrowful thing to see how he answered to Questions so little to the purpose, butb to his own wrong. All the while, I sensible how I am concerned in my bill of 100l and somewhat more; so great a trouble is fear, though in a case that at the worst will bear enquiry.c

My Lord Berkely were very violent against Povy. But my Lord Ashly, I observe, is a most clear man in matters of accounts, and most ingeniously did discourse and explain all matters. We broke up, leaving the thing to a committee, of which I am one. Povy, Creed, and I stayed discoursing, I much troubled in mind seemingly for that business; but indeed, only on my own behalf, though I have no great reason for it, but so painful a thing is fear.

So after considering how to order business, Povy and I walked together as far as the New Exchange, and so parted and I by coach home. To the office a while; then to supper and to bed.

This afternoon Secretary Bennet read to the Duke of Yorke pg 14his letters, which say that Allen hath met with the Duch Smyrna fleet at Cales, and sunk one and taken three.1 How true, or what these ships are, time will show; but it is good news – and the news of our ships being lost is doubted at Cales and Malaga. God send it false.

17. Up, and walked to Mr. Povy's by appointment, where I found him and Creed busy about fitting things for the committee; and thence we to my Lord Ashly's, where, to see how simply, beyond all patience, Povey did again, by his many words and no understanding, confound himself and his business to his disgrace and rendering everybody doubtful of his being either a fool or a knave – is very wonderful. We broke up, all dissatisfied, and referred the business to a meeting of Mr. Sherwin and others to settle. But here it was mighty strange methought, to find myself to sit here in committee with my hat on, while Mr. Sherwin stood bare as a clerk, with his hat off to his Lord Ashly and the rest.2 But I thank God, I think myself never a whit the better man for all that.

Thence with Creed to the Change and Coffee-house – and so home, where a brave dinner, by having a brace of pheasants, and very merry about Povy's folly.

So anon to the office, and there sitting very late; and then after a little time at Sir W. Batten's, where I am mighty great, and could, if I thought it fit, continue so, I to my office again and there very late; and so home to the sorting of some of my books, and so to bed – the weather becoming pretty warm, and I think and hope the frost will break.

18. Up, and by and by to my bookseller's and there did give thorough direction for the new binding of a great many of my old books, to make my whole study of the same binding, within pg 15Editor’s Notevery few.1 Thence to my Lady Sandwiches, who sent for me this morning. Dined with her – and it was to get a letter of hers conveyed by a safe hand to my Lord's own hand at Portsmouth; which I did undertake. Here my Lady did begin to talk of what she hath heard concerning Creed; of his being suspected to be a fanatic2 and a false fellow. I told her I thought he was as shrewd and cunning a man as any in England, and one that I would fear first should outwit me in everything – to which she readily concurred. Thence to Mr. Povy's by agreement; and there, with Mr. Sherwin, Auditor Beale, and Creede and I, hard at it very late about Mr. Povys accounts; but such accounts I never did see, or hope again to see in my days. At night late, they gone, I did get him to put out of this account our sums that are in posse only yet – which he approved of when told, but would never have stayed it if I had been gone. Thence at 9 at night home; and so to supper, vexed and head akeing, and to bed.

19. Up, and it being yesterday and today a great thaw, it is not for a man to walk the streets, but took coach and to Mr. Povys; and there meeting, all of us, again agreed upon an answer to the Lords by and by; and then we did come to Exeter-house, and there was a witness of mosta [angry] language against Mr. Povy from my Lord Peterburgh, who is most furiously angry with him, because the other, as a fool, would needs say that that 26000l was my Lord Peterburgh's account and that he had nothing to do with it.3

The Lords did find fault also withb our answer, but I think verily my Lord Ashly would fain have the outside of an Ex-pg 16chequer – but when we comes better to be examined.1 So home by coach with my Lord Barkeley, who by his discourse I find doth look upon Mr. Coventry as an enemy, but yet professes great justice and pains.

At home, after dinner to the office and there sat all the afternoon and evening; and then home to supper and to bed.

Memorandum. This day and yesterday, I think it is the change of the weather, I have a great deala of pain, but nothing like what I use to have – I can hardly keep myself loose; but on the contrary, amb forced to drive away my pain. Here, I am so sleepy, I cannot hold open my eyes nor pen,c and therefore must be forced to breakd off this day's passages more shortly then I would and should have done.e

This day was buried (but I could not be there) my cousin Percivall Angier.2 And yesterday I received the news that Dr. Tom Pepys is dead at Impington – for which I am but little sorry; not only because he would have been troublesome to us,3 but a shame to his family and profession, he was such a coxcomb.

20. Up and to Westminster, where having spoke with Sir Ph. Warwicke, I to Jervas's and there do find them all in a great disorder about Jane, her mistress telling me secretly that she was sworn not to reveal anything, but she was undone. At last, for all her oath, she told me that she had made herself sure to a fellow that comes to their house that can only fiddle for his living – and did keep him company and had plainly told her that she was sure to him, never to leave him for anybody else. Now they were this day contriving to get her presently* to marry one Hayes that was there, and I did seem to persuade her to it, and at last got them to suffer me to advise privately, and by that means had pg 17her company and I think shall meet her next Sunday; but I do verily doubt she will be undone ina marrying this fellow. But I did give her my advice, and so let her do her pleasure, so I have now and then her company.

Thence to the Swan at noon, and there sent for a bit of meat and dined and had my baiser of theb fille of the house there – but nothing plus. So took coach and to my Lady Sandwiches; and so to my booksellers and there took home Hookes book of Microscopy,1 a most excellent piece,c and of which I am very proud.

So home, and by and by again abroad with my wife about several businesses; and met at the New Exchange, and there to our trouble find our pretty Doll is gone away to live, they say with her father in the country – but I doubt something worse.

So homeward, in my way buying a hare and taking it home – which arose upon my discourse today with Mr. Batten in Westminster-hall – who showed me my mistake, that my hares-foot2 hath not the joynt to it, and assures me he never had his cholique sinced he carried it about him. And it is a strange thing how fancy works, for I no sooner almost handled his foot but my belly begin to be loose and to break wind; and whereas I was in some pain yesterday and t'other day, and in fear of more today, I became very well, and so continue.

At home to my office a while, and so to supper – read, and to cards and to bed.

21. At the office all the morning. Thence my Lord Brunker carried me as far as Mr. Povy's and there I light and dined, meeting Mr. Sherwin, Creed, &c. there upon his accounts. After dinner they parted, and Mr. Povy carried me to Somersett-house and there showed me the Queen-mother's chamber and closet, most beautiful places for furniture and pictures;3 and so pg 18down the great stone stairs to the garden and tried the brave Eccho upon the stairs – which continues a voice so long as the singing three notes, concords, one after another, they all three shall sound in consort together a good while most pleasantly. Thence to a Tanger Comittee at White-hall, wherea I saw nothing ordered by judgment, but great heat and passion and faction now, in behalf of my Lord Bellasses and to the reproach of my Lord Tiviott, and dislike as it were of former proceedings.

So away with Mr. Povey, he carrying me homeward to Marklane in his coach. A simple fellow I now find him, to his utter shame, in his business of accounts, as none but a sorry fool would have discovered himself – and yet in little light sorry things, very cunning; yet in the principal, the most ignorant man I ever met with in so great trust as he is.

To my office till past 12, and then home to supper and to bed – being now mighty well; and truly, I cannot but impute it to my fresh Hares=Foote. ⟨Before I went to bed, I sat up till 2 a-clock in my chamber, reading of Mr. Hookes Microscopicall Observacions, the most ingenious book that ever I read in my life.⟩b

22. Lords day. Up, leaving my wife in bed, being sick of her months, and to church. Thence home, and in my wife's chamber dined very merry, discoursing among other things of a design I have come in my head this morning at church, of making a match between Mrs. Betty Pickering and Mr. Hill my friend, the merchant that loves musique and comes to me a-Sundays, a most ingenious and sweet-natured and highly accomplished person. I know not how their fortunes may agree, but their disposition and merits are much of a sort, and persons, though different, yet equally I think acceptable.1

After dinner walked to Westminster; and after being at the Abbey and heard a good Anthem well sung there, I, as I had appointed, to the Trumpett, there expecting when Jane Welsh should come; but anon comes a maid of the house to tell me that her mistress and maister would not let her go forth, not knowing pg 19of my being here but to keep her from her sweetheart. So being defeated, away by coach home, and there spent the evening prettily in discourse with my wife and Mercer, and so to supper, prayers, and to bed.

23. Up, and with Sir W. Batten and Sir W. Penn to Whitehall; but there finding the Duke gone to his lodgings at St. James's for altogether, hisa Duchesse being ready to lie-in,1 we to him and there did our usual business. And here I met the great news, confirmed by the Dukes own relation, by a letter from Captain Allen2 – first, of our loss of two ships, the Phoenix and Nonesuch, in the Bay of Gibraltar – then, of his and his seven ships with him, in the Bay of Cales or thereabouts, fight with the 34 Duch Smirna fleet – sinking the King Salamon, a ship worth 150000l or more, some say 200000l, and another, and taking of three merchant-ships. Two of our ships were disabled, by the Duch unfortunately falling against their will against them; the Advice, Captain W. Poole, and Anthelop, Captain Clerke. The Dutch men-of-warr did little service. Captain Allen did receive many shots at distance before he would fire one gun; which he did not do till he came within pistol-shot of his enemy. The Spaniards on shore at Cales did stand laughing at the Duch, to see them run away and fly to the shore, 34 or thereabouts against 8 Englishmen at most.3 I do purpose to get the whole relation, if I live, of Captain Allen himself. In our loss of the two ships in the Bay of Gibraltar, it is observable how the world doth comment upon the misfortuneb of Captain Moone of the Nonsuch, who did lose in the same manner the Satisfaction,4 as a person that hath ill-luck attending him, without considering that the whole fleet was ashore: Captain Allen led the way, and Captain Allen himself writes that all the maisters of the fleet, old and young, were mistaken and did carry their ships pg 20aground.1 But I think I heard the Duke say that Moone, being put into the Oxford, had in this conflict regained his credit, by sinking one and taking another. Captain Seale of the Milford hath done his part very well, in boarding the King Salamon – which held out half an hour after she was boarded – and his men kept her an hour after they did maister her; and then she sunk and drowned about 17 of her men.

Thence to Jervas's, my mind, God forgive me, running too much after sa fille, but elle not being within, I away by coach to the Change – and thence home to dinner; and finding Mrs. Bagwell waiting at the office after dinner,a away elle and I to a cabaret where elle and I have été before; and there I had her company toute l'après-dîner and had mon plein plaisir of elle – but strange, to see how a woman, notwithstanding her greatest pretences of love à son mari and religion, may be vaincue. Thence to the Court of the Turky Company at Sir Andr. Rickard's, to treat about carrying some men of ours to Tanger, and had there a very civil reception, though a denial of the thing, as not practicable with them, and I think so too. So to my office a little; but being minded to make an end of my pleasure today, that I might fallow my business, I did take coach and to Jervas's again, thinking to avoir rencontré Jane; mais elle n'était pas dedans. So I back again and to my office, where I did with great content faire a vow to mind my business and laisser aller les femmes for a month;2 and am with all my heart glad to findb myself able to come to so good a resolution, that thereby I may fallow my business, which, and my honour thereby, lies a-bleeding. So home to supper and to bed.

24. Up, and by coach to Westminster-hall and the Parliament-house, and there spoke with Mr. Coventry and others about business; and so back to the Change, where no news more then that the Dutch have, by consent of all the Provinces, voted no trade to be suffered for 18 months, but that they apply themselfs pg 21wholly to the war.1 And they say it is very true but very strange, for we use to believe they cannot support themselfs without trade.

Thence home to dinner and then to the office, where all the afternoon and at night till very late; and then home to supper and bed, having a great cold, got on Sunday last by sitting too long with my head bare for Mercer to comb me and wash my eares.

25. Up, and busy all the morning. Dined at home upon a Hare=py, very good meat; and so to my office again, and in the afternoon by coach to attend the Council at White-hall, but come too late; so back with Mr. Gifford, a merchant, and he and I to the Coffee-house, where I met Mr. Hill and there he tells me that he is to bee Assistant to the Secretary of the Prize-office (Sir Ellis Layton),2 which is to be held at Sir Rd. Fords – which methinks is but something low, but perhaps may bring him something considerable. But it makes me alter my opinion of his being so rich as to make a fortune for Mrs. Pickering.

Thence home and visited Sir J. Mennes, who continues ill but is something better. There he told me what a mad freaking fellow Sir Ellis Layton hath been and is – and once at Antwerp, was really mad.3

Thence to my office late, my cold troubling me and having, by squeezing myself in a coach, hurt my testicles; but I hope I will cease its pain without swelling. So home, out of order, to supper and to bed.

26. Lay, being in some pain, but not much, with my last night's bruise; but up and to my office, where busy all the morning; the like after dinner till very late; then home to supper and to bed.

pg 22My wife mightily troubled with the tooth-ake and my cold not being gone yet; but my bruise yesterday goes away again, and it chiefly occasioned, I think now, from the sudden change of the weather from a frost to a great rayne on a sudden.

27. Called up by Mr. Creed to discourse about some Tanger business. And he gone, I made me ready and find Jane Welsh, Mr. Jervas his maid, come to tell me that she was gone from her master and is resolved to stick to this sweetheart of hers, one Harbing (a very sorry little fellow, and poor); which I did in a word or two endeavour to dissuade her from. But being unwilling to keep her long at my house, I sent her away and by and by fallowed her to the Exchange, and thence led her about down to the Three Cranes, and there took boat for the Falcon and at a house going into the fields there, took up and sat an hour or two talking and discoursing and faisant ce que je voudrais quant à la toucher; but she would not laisser me faire l'autre thing, though I did what I pouvais to have got her à mea le laisser. But I did enough to faire grand plaisir à moy-même. Thence, having endeavoured to make her think of making herself happy by staying out her time with her master, and other counsels; but she told me she could not do it, for it was her fortune to have this man, though she did believe it would be to her ruine – which is a strange, stupid thing, to a fellow of no kind of worth in the world and a beggar to boot.

Thence away to boat again, and landed her at the Three Cranes again and I to the Bridge and so home; and after shifting myself, being dirty, I to the Change and thence to Mr. Povys and there dined; and thence with him and Creed to my Lord Bellassis and there debated a great while how to put things in order against his going;1 and so with my Lord in his coach to White-hall, and with him to my Lord Duke of Albemarle, finding him at cards. After a few dull words or two, I away to White-hall again and there delivered a letter to the Duke of Yorke about our Navy business;2 and thence walked up and down in the gallery, talking with Mr. Slingsby, who is a very ingenious person, about the pg 23Mint and coynage of money.1 Among other things, he argues that there being 700000l coined in the Rump time,2 and, by all the Treasurers of that time, it being their opinion that the Rump money was in all payments, one with another, about a tenth part of all their money – "then," says he (to my question), "the nearest guess we can make is that the money passing up and down in business is 7000000l."a

To another question of mine, he made me fully understand that the old law of prohibitingb bullion to be exported is, and ever was, a folly and an injury, rather then good.3 Arguing thus – that if the exportationsc exceed importations, then the balance must be brought home in money; which, when our merchants know cannot be carried out again, they will forbear to bring home in money, but let it he abroad for trade or keep in foreign banks. Or if our importations exceed our exportations, then to keep credit, the merchants will and must find ways of carrying out money by stealth, which is a most easy thing to do and is everywhere done, and therefore the law against it signifiesd nothing in the world – besides, that it is seen that where money is free, there is great plenty; where it is restrained, as here, there is greate want, as in Spain.

These and many other fine discourses I had from him.

Thence by coach home (to see Sir J. Mennes first), who is still sick, and I doubt worse then he seems to be. Mrs. Turner here took me into her closet, and there did give me a glass of most pure water and showed me her Rocke,f4 which endeed is a very noble thing, but a very bawble.

So away to my office, where late busy; and then home to supper and to bed.

pg 2428a. Up, and to my office, where all the morning – and then home to dinner, and after dinner, abroad; walked to Pauls churchyard, but my books not bound, which vexed me;1 so home to my office again, where very late about business; and so home to supper and to bed – my cold continuing in a great degree upon me still.

This day I receive a good sum of money, due to me upon one score or another from Sir G. Carteret, among others, to clear all my matters about colours, wherein a month or two since I was so embarrassed; and I thank God,b I find myself to have got clear, by that commodity, 50l and something more – and earned it with dear pains and care, and issuing of my own money, and saved the King near 100l in it.2

29. Lords day. Up, and to my office, where all the morning putting papers to rights, which now grow upon my hand. At noon dined at home. All the afternoon at my business again. In the evening comes Mr. Andrews and Hill, and we up to my chamber and there good Musique, though my great cold made it the less pleasing to me. Then Mr. Hill (the other going away) and I to supper alone, my wife not appearing – our discourse upon the perticular vain humours of Mr. Povy, which are very extraordinary endeed.

After supper I to Sir W. Batten's, where I found him, Sir W. Batten, Sir J Robinson, Sir R. Ford and Captain Cocke and Mr. Fen Junior. Here a great deal of sorry disordered talk about the Trinity-house men their being exempted from land service.3 pg 25But Lord, to see how void of method and sense their discourse was, and in what heat; insomuch as Sir Rd. Ford (who we judged, some of us, to be a little foxed) fell into very high terms with Sir W. Batten and then with Captain Cocke – so that I see that no man is wise at all times.

Thence home to prayers and to bed.

30. This is solemnly kept as a Fast1 all over the City; but I kept my house, putting my closett to rights again, having lately put it out of order in removing my books and things in order to being made clean. At this all day, and at night to my office, there to do some business. And being late at it, comes Mercer to me to tell me that my wife was in bed and desired me to come home, for they hear, and have night after night lately heard, noises over their head upon the leads. Now, it is strange to think how, knowing that I have a great sum of money in my house,2 this puts me into a most mighty affright, that for more then two hours I could not almost tell what to do or say, but feared this and that – and remembered that this evening I saw a woman and two men stand suspiciously in the Entry in the dark; I calling to them, they made me only this answer: the woman said that the men came to see her. But who she was I could not tell. The truth is, my house is mighty dangerous, having so many ways to be come to, and at my windows over the stairs, to see who goes up and down – but if I escape tonight, I will remedy it. God preserve us this night safe. So at almost 2 a-clock, I home to my house and in great fear to bed, thinking every running of a mouse really a thief – and so to sleep, very brokenly all night long – and found all safe in the morning.

31. Up, and with Sir W. Batten to Westminster, where to speak at the House with my Lord Bellasses, and am cruelly vexed to see myself put upon businesses so uncertainly, about getting ships for Tanger being ordered, a servile thing, almost every day.

So to the Change, back by coach with Sir W. Batten, and thence to the Crowne, a tavern hard by, with Sir W Rider and Cutler; where we alone, a very good dinner. Thence home to the office and there all the afternoon late. The office being up, pg 26my wife sent for me; and what was it but to tell me how Jane carries herself and I must put her away presently. But I did hear both sides, and find my wife much in fault; and the grounds of all the difference is my wife's fondness of Tom, to the being displeased with all the house beside to defend the boy; which vexes me, but I will cure it. Many high words between my wife and I, but the wench shall go; but I will take a course with the boy, for I fear I have spoiled him already.

Thence to the office, to my accounts; and there, at once to ease my mind, I have made myself debtor to Mr. Povy for the 117l. 5s. got with so much joy the last month;1 but seeing that it is not like to be kept without some trouble and Question, I do even discharge my mind of it; and so if I come now to refund it, as I fear I shall, I shall now be ne'er a whit the poorer for it – though yet it is some trouble to me to be poorer by such a sum then I thought myself a month since. But however, a quiet mind and to be sure of my owne is worth all. The Lord be praised for what I have, which is this month come down to 1257l. I stayed up about my accounts till almost 2 in the morning.

Notes Settings

### Notes

Editor’s Note
1. Christmas or New Year boxes (for tips).
Editor’s Note
2. Probably Sarah Udall: below, p. 65.
Critical Apparatus
a MS. 'in in'
Editor’s Note
1. The ballad 'To all you ladies now at land', written (probably in 1664) by Lord Buckhurst, later Earl of Dorset. A ballad-sheet, now untraced, was entered in the Stationers' Register, 30 December 1664, entitled 'The Noble seamans complaint to the Ladies at London, to the tune of Shackerley Hay': Trans. Stat. Reg., ii. 351. There is no copy in the PL. (E).
Editor’s Note
2. Robert Hooke's Micrographia (1665; PL 2116). For a note on its binding, see H. M. Nixon in the forthcoming catalogue of the PL. Pepys later had it embellished with an index and marginal notes in the hand of an amanuensis. It is reprinted (from the 1745 edition) in Gunther, vol. xiii. The bookseller was Joshua Kirton, of St Paul's Churchyard.
Editor’s Note
3. In the third Eclogue of the third book of the Arcadia ('a Jealous husband made a Pander to his own wife'). Pepys retained the 1674 edition: PL 2214.
Critical Apparatus
a repl. symbol rendered illegible
Critical Apparatus
b repl. 'the'
Editor’s Note
Petty, Sir William, kt 1661 (1623–87). A founder of the Royal Society, a friend of Hobbes, and one of the most ingenious and productive thinkers of the age. The diary has important information about his work on ship design – his 'double-bottomed' vessel – some indications of his versatility, and frequent expressions of Pepys's admiration. A self-educated man, he became Professor of Anatomy at Oxford in 1651, and then, after serving as physician-general to Cromwell's army in Ireland, made his name (and a considerable fortune) by undertaking a great survey of Irish landholding (the 'Down Survey') and completing it within a year. In all his activities – as scientist, economist and chemist – his aim was usually to find a mathematical means of expressing his findings. He even hoped for a system of notation that could express 'the mixture of relishes and tastes' (vi.63). By virtue of his statistical investigations into taxation and the economy he was a founder of the science of political arithmetic. He combined a gift for wide-ranging speculation on practical affairs (a decimal coinage and a National Health Service were among his proposals) with a flair for mechanical invention. He was more inventive than studious and told Aubrey that he 'was of Mr Hobbes his mind, that had he read much, as some men have, he had not known so much'. Pepys often marvelled at his conversational powers.
Pepys retained in his library eleven of Petty's published works, and manuscript copies of a number of his writings on ship design. Among his papers in the Bodleian is a copy of Petty's 'Dialogue on Liberty of Conscience' written in 1687 at Pepys's request.1 [See also Science]
Editor’s Note
Petty 1 Rawl. A 171, ff. 274–5 ~ DNB; Notes and records Roy. Soc., (1960)/79+; C. H. Hull (ed.), Econ. writings of Sir W. Petty (Camb. 1899); R. Latham (ed.), Cat. of Pepys Library (Woodbridge, 1978– ), vols i, iii pt ii. Engraved portrait in PL 2979/125d
Editor’s Note
1. Play would be possible since the streets would be empty of horse-traffic. Regulations against football in the streets were periodically issued (e.g. in January 1669: Mdx R.O., Sessions Bk 253, p. 22) but are said to have ceased at about this time: M. Marples, Hist. Football, ch. vii, esp. p. 83. Warwick lived in the Outer Spring Garden.
Critical Apparatus
a repl. 'then'
Editor’s Note
2. Oxford was Warden and Chief Justice in Eyre of the royal forests south of Trent; he lived in the Piazza, Co vent Garden. Timber in royal forests was felled under the supervision of naval purveyors on the authority of the Treasurer authenticated by privy seal warrants: cf. CSPD 1664–5, p. 129. By mid-February the work was under way: ib., p. 200; Shorthand Letters, pp. 25, 27.
Editor’s Note
3. Capt. Banckert had taken four, according to The Newes, 12 January, p. 31.
Editor’s Note
4. Cf. above, v. 314. The patent (24 December 1664) allowed him to erect two lighthouses, and secured the revenue to him and his assigns for 61 years. The tolls levied were to be $1 2$d. per ton on English ships, and 1d. a ton on foreign. PRO, C 66/3062, pt 12, no. 5; summary in CSPD 1664–5, p. 129. His will (1665) shows these revenues as forming a large part of his assets.
Editor’s Note
1. Two ships were taken off Bridlington: The Newes, 5 January p. 16.
Editor’s Note
2. The comical revenge, or Love in a tub, a comedy by Sir George Etherege, first acted and published in 1664. Many critics rank it as the first Restoration comedy of manners, and, according to Downes (pp. 24–5), it was acted by the Duke of York's Company at the LIF and 'got the Company more Reputation and Profit than any preceding Comedy' – a very different verdict from Pepys's. The cast listed by Downes includes Betterton as Lord Beaufort, Smith as Col. Bruce, Harris as Sir Frederick Frolic, Mrs Betterton as Graciana, and Mrs Davies as Aurelia. (A).
Editor’s Note
2. Joseph Beaumont, Chaplain to the King; Master of Peterhouse, Cambridge, and Canon of Ely; later (1674) Regius Professor of Divinity. He was also a poet.
Editor’s Note
3. 'Praise him with the sound of the trumpet' (v. 3).
Editor’s Note
4. Alehouses were forbidden by law to open during the hours of church service.
Critical Apparatus
b repl. 'in'
Critical Apparatus
a l.h. repl. l.h. rendered illegible
Editor’s Note
1. On 5 October 1664 the Society had ordered the compilation 'of a book to be called the Charter book, wherein forthwith is to be fairly written a copy of the charter, the statutes, and the register of the fellows and benefactors of the Society'. It was produced at the meeting of 11 January 1665: Birch, i. 472; ii. 4. It contains copies of the second charter of 1663 (and also of the third charter of 1669); 76 pages of statutes; and signatures, the first of which, that of the King as founder, is dated this day. Description in Sir H. Lyons, Roy. Soc., pp. 53–4. The volume is still extant. A copy of the third charter and of the statutes of the Society is in PL 2831.
Critical Apparatus
b repl. 'his'
Editor’s Note
2. Holmes was imprisoned, and later held in custody, for his attack on Dutch W. Africa: see above, v. 283 & n. 1. He was released and pardoned in March, after the Dutch declaration of war. Ralegh had been executed in 1618 after attacking Spanish territory in S. America.
Critical Apparatus
c repl. 'am'
Editor’s Note
1. Belasyse was appointed Governor on 4 January. The commissioners' patent of 1662 (q.v. above, iii. 238 & n. 3) was now redrafted but not sealed until the following summer: PRO, SP 44/22, p. 217 (original and enrolment not traced). Berkeley of Stratton, one of the Commissioners of the Ordnance and Steward of the Duke of York's Household, had until recently been a Navy Commissioner. Ingram was Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. Both were Privy Councillors and members of the Council of Trade.
Critical Apparatus
a repl. 'and every'
Editor’s Note
2. The Defiance, a 3rd-rate, completed in the spring of the next year. This ship, together with several others built at this time, was copied from French and Dutch models, and was designed to carry the guns on the lower tier higher above the water than was usual.
Editor’s Note
3. Pett later condemned the Defiance 'for Baddness of Timber, Badness of Scantlings . . .': NWB, p. 107 (31 January 1667).
Editor’s Note
1. Brouncker (first President of the Royal Society) was a considerable mathematician. Some of his papers on the problems here referred to are in Philos. Trans., iii (for 1668), pp. 645+; viii (for 1673), p. 6149.
Editor’s Note
2. John Lanyon to Pepys, 8 January: NMM, LBK/8, p. 147 (copy in Hewer's hand; printed Further Corr., pp. 34–5).
Editor’s Note
3. The ships sunk were in fact the Phoenix and Nonsuch: see below, p. 10 & n. 1. Four ships in all were stranded near Gibraltar on the night of 1–2 December through an error in navigation. They thought they were well over to the African coast. See Allin, i. 184–5, 218–24.
Critical Apparatus
a addition crowded in between entries
Editor’s Note
4. Pepys wrote to Sandwich this day to warn him about these ships: Further Corr., pp. 35–6.
Critical Apparatus
b repl. 'on'
Editor’s Note
1. Recte, westerly.
Editor’s Note
2. A tragedy by James Shirley: see above, i. 300 & n. 1. (A).
Editor’s Note
3. The LIF used by the Duke's company under Davenant's management. The better discipline of the Duke's Company and Pepys's great admiration for its leading actor, Betterton, help to explain his preference for its acting. (A).
Editor’s Note
4. For patches, see above, i. 234 & n. 3. Peg Penn was now 13.
Critical Apparatus
a rest of entry crowded into bottom of page
Editor’s Note
1. Cf. Pepys to Sandwich, 14 January: 'I have this day seen a letter from a master of a vessel lately come to Plymouth from Malaga, who in his way stopped at Gibraltar, where he found Captain Allen and 2 ships more safely got off, but the Phoenix and Nonsuch lost, all striking upon the great rock (as the letter says) that stands as you go into Gibraltar' (Further Corr., pp. 36–7). Cf. above, p. 8, n. 2.
Editor’s Note
2. Volpone, or The Fox, a comedy by Jonson, acted in 1606 and published in 1608. The cast listed by Downes (p. 4) includes Mohun as Volpone. (A).
Editor’s Note
3. The reference is probably to the charge made in the impeachment of the 1st Duke of Buckingham (May 1628) that he had neglected the guard of the seas: John Rushworth, Hist. Collections (1659–1701), i. 307+, esp. pp. 312 and 385.
Editor’s Note
4. The Levant Company's negotiations with the King for a convoy are summarised in HMC, Finch, p. 363. An escort of six ships was granted in early February.
Critical Apparatus
a repl. 'sending'
Critical Apparatus
b MS. 'That that'
Editor’s Note
1. The Navigation Act of 1660 forbade the use of foreign ships in these circumstances, but could be evaded by the exercise of the royal prerogative of dispensation or suspension.
Editor’s Note
2. This was the diagnosis favoured by Rupert's enemies. Denham in his Directions to a painter (1667) wrote of it as caused by some 'treach'rous Jael'. But Rupert was suffering from an old war wound received in Flanders and recently aggravated by the fall of a block on board ship in November 1664, for which he underwent three operations in 1664–7: CSPD 1664–5, p. 56; CSPVen. 1664–6, p. 63, n.; E. Warburton, Mem. Rupert (1849), iii. 486–7. He now recovered in time to take part in the spring campaign.
Editor’s Note
1. On winter guard in St Helens Road. Pickering had left him on the 3rd: Sandwich, p. 161.
Critical Apparatus
a repl. 'own'
Critical Apparatus
b repl. 'to'
Critical Apparatus
c repl. 'some'
Editor’s Note
1. On 19 December Allin had made an unprovoked attack on the Dutch merchantmen off Cadiz ('Cales'), and had taken two and sunk two: Allin, i. 191–3; CSPD 1664–5, p. 122; below, p. 19 & n. 2. This was the immediate cause of the war which followed.
Editor’s Note
2. Richard Sherwin had been an M.P. and a senior official of the Exchequer when Pepys had been a young clerk there. He was now secretary to Ashley.
Editor’s Note
Exeter House. On the n. side of the Strand opposite the Savoy Palace. A Tudor turreted building, begun under Edward VI and completed in Elizabeth's reign by William Cecil, Lord Burleigh. At first known as Burleigh House; later renamed after his son the 1st Earl of Exeter. After Exeter's death in 1622 it was let to various tenants, among them the 8th Earl of Rutland, under whose tenancy during the Commonwealth its chapel became a centre of illegal Anglican worship, most of the services being conducted by Peter Gunning. Pepys attended one on the first day of the diary; on a famous occasion on Christmas Day 1657 Evelyn and the rest of the congregation had been arrested for attending communion there. After the Fire, it temporarily housed Doctors' Commons and the Admiralty court and other courts. From 1667 (or possibly earlier: see vi.15) Ashley (later Shaftesbury), who had married a daughter of the 3rd Earl of Exeter, lived there. When his lease expired in 1676 and he moved to the city, the building was pulled down, Burleigh and Exeter Sts and the Exeter Exchange being then built on the site of the house and garden.1 (R; La)
Editor’s Note
Exeter Ho. 1 Evelyn, iii. 203–4; Survey of London, 18/125; Haley (see Aldersgate St, n. 2), p. 206
Editor’s Note
1. See H. M. Nixon's account of the binding in the forthcoming catalogue of the PL. The books would now presumably be bound in what Pepys has previously called his 'common binding' (see above, iv. 255 & n. 2). The bookseller was Joshua Kirton of St Paul's Churchyard.
Critical Apparatus
a repl. 'a'-
Editor’s Note
3. For these accounts, see above, p. 13; also above, v. 48 & n. 1. The £26,000 was in dispute between Povey as Treasurer of Tangier and Peterborough as Governor (1661–2), and appears to have represented payments made for the garrison. Routh, p. 365; PRO, E 351/357.
Critical Apparatus
b repl. 'without'
Editor’s Note
1. Possibly 'an Exchequer' is a slip for 'the Exchequer'. Some obscurities still remain (cf. above, note e), but the meaning may be that Ashley (Chancellor of the Exchequer) would prefer to have nothing to do with the Exchequer if accounts were not better presented for examination. (I owe this suggestion to Dr H. G. Roseveare.)
Critical Apparatus
a repl. 'month'
Critical Apparatus
b repl. 'is'
Critical Apparatus
c repl. 'pan'
Critical Apparatus
d repl. 'rise'
Critical Apparatus
e The numerous errors and corrections in this paragraph testify to Pepys's weariness.
Editor’s Note
2. Percival Angier of London; a merchant.
Editor’s Note
3. As a creditor of Pepys's brother Tom: above, v. 85 & n. 1.
Critical Apparatus
b repl. 'his'
Critical Apparatus
c repl. 'pr' –
Critical Apparatus
d repl. 'more'
Editor’s Note
3. There is no evidence about the furnishings and pictures in Henrietta-Maria's new rooms at Somerset House. Possibly they included some of the pictures which had hung there in the time of Charles I and which may have been recovered at the Restoration. Such pictures were certainly hanging at Colombes when the Queen Mother died there in 1669, and are specifically described as such in the inventory of her possessions taken there at that time: PRO, SP 78/128, ff. 209–25. (OM).
Critical Apparatus
a preceding part of paragraph crowded into bottom of page
Critical Apparatus
b addition crowded in between entries
Editor’s Note
1. Betty Pickering, Sandwich's niece, eventually married (of all people) John Creed: below, p. 88, n. 2.
Critical Apparatus
a repl. 'her'
Editor’s Note
1. The Duke usually went there only for the summer.
Editor’s Note
2. Allin to Coventry, Cadiz Bay, 23 December: copy in Tanner 294, ff. 16v–17v.
Editor’s Note
3. Allin had eight men of war; the Dutch 30 merchantmen and three warships. This was the action of 19 December: for other accounts, see above, p. 14 & n. 1; The Intelligencer, 23 January, p. 52.
Critical Apparatus
b repl. 'mis' –
Editor’s Note
1. Allin wrote: 'Of so many ancient masters and officers never was such an oversight committed' (Allin, i. 185).
Critical Apparatus
a repl. 'day'
Editor’s Note
2. The oath seems to have been renewed on 23 February (his birthday) and may be the oath which expired on 15 May.
Critical Apparatus
b repl. 'bring'
Editor’s Note
1. An exaggeration. On 16/26 January two decrees had been issued: one prohibiting all imports from England, and the other stopping the Greenland trade. At about the same time letters of marque were issued. All these measures were in retaliation against Allin's attack on the Dutch Smyrna fleet. Colenbrander, i. 157; The Newes, 2 February, p. 78.
Editor’s Note
2. The Prize Office had been set up on 20–1 January: CSPD 1664–5, p. 175. For Leighton, see above, v. 300, n. 5.
Editor’s Note
3. This was in 1652, when he had gone first mad and then Papist: CSPClar., ii. 162; Nicholas Papers (ed. G. F. Warner), i. 321.
Critical Apparatus
a MS. 'me me'
Editor’s Note
1. To Tangier, as Governor.
Editor’s Note
2. Untraced: possibly Navy Board to Duke of York (?1665), about, inter alia, the growing debt of the navy (CSPClar., v. 523–4).
Editor’s Note
1. Henry Slingsby was Master of the Mint.
Editor’s Note
2. This figure was known because the Commonwealth money had been called in to the Mint by proclamation in 1661: cf. above, iv. 148; below, p. 326.
Critical Apparatus
a repl. figure rendered illegible
Critical Apparatus
b repl. 'S'-
Editor’s Note
3. Pepys had been puzzled by a similar argument on a previous occasion: above, v. 70. Partial freedom of export had been allowed by an act of 1663, and the movement for a free market in bullion was now gaining strength. See Sir A. E. Feavearyear, Pound Sterling, p. 87. Thomas Mun's book advocating this policy (England's treasure by foreign trade), written under Charles I, was published in 1664.
Critical Apparatus
c repl. 'expr.'
Critical Apparatus
d repl. 'signif'-
Critical Apparatus
e repl.'every'-
Critical Apparatus
f l.h. superimposed on s.h. 'rock'
Editor’s Note
4. Probably a distaff; or possibly rock-work made of shells: cf. above, i. 148 & n. 2.
Critical Apparatus
a repl. '27'
Editor’s Note
1. The order had been given on the 18th and was completed on 10 February.
Editor’s Note
2. This was the matter of the calico flags which Pepys himself had arranged to supply: see above, v. 292, 295 & nn. His claim to have saved money for the King ignores the fact that calico was inferior to bewpers: see B. Pool, Navy Board contracts, 1660–1832, p. 39.
Editor’s Note
3. In November 1664 Trinity House had protested to Sir John Robinson on behalf of one of the brethren of the corporation summoned to serve in the militia. In March they petitioned the King and the Duke of York, and on 31 March the Privy Council ordered that members of the corporation were to enjoy their ancient exemption from service, except in cases when it might be commanded by council warrant: HMC, Rep., 8/1/1/252b. But in August 1667 similar complaints were made: ib., p. 253b.
Editor’s Note
1. In commemoration of the execution of Charles I.
Editor’s Note
2. Over £1200: below, p. 26.