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Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell (eds), Thomas Hardy: Tess of the d'Urbervilles

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1pg a210XXIV

Critical Apparatus3Amid the oozing fatness and warm ferments of the Var Vale, at a season Critical Apparatus4when the rush of juices could almost be heard below the hiss of Critical Apparatus5fertilization, it was impossible that the most fanciful love should not Critical Apparatus6grow passionate. The ready bosoms existing there were impregnated by Critical Apparatus7their surroundings.

8July passed over their heads, and the Thermidorean weather which Critical Apparatus9came in its wake seemed an effort on the part of Nature to match the Critical Apparatus10state of hearts at Talbothays Dairy. The air of the place, so fresh in the Critical Apparatus11spring, and early summer, was stagnant and enervating now. Its heavy Critical Apparatus12scents weighed upon them, and at mid-day the landscape seemed lying Critical Apparatus13in a swoon. Ethiopic scorchings browned the upper slopes of the 14pastures, but there was still bright green herbage here where the Critical Apparatus15watercourses purled. And as Clare was oppressed by the outward heats 16so was he burdened inwardly by a waxing fervour of passion for the soft 17and silent Tess.

Critical Apparatus18The rains having passed the uplands were dry. The wheels of the Critical Apparatus19dairyman's spring-cart, as he sped home from market, licked up the Critical Apparatus20pulverised surface of the highway, and were followed by white ribands 21of dust, as if they had set a thin powder-train on fire. The cows jumped 22wildly over the five-barred barton-gate, maddened by the gad-fly; pg a211Critical Apparatus1Dairyman Crick kept his shirt-sleeves permanently rolled up from Critical Apparatus2Monday to Saturday: open windows had no effect in ventilation 3without open doors, and in the dairy-garden the blackbirds and Critical Apparatus4thrushes crept about under the currant-bushes rather in the manner of Critical Apparatus5quadrupeds than of winged creatures. The flies in the kitchen were lazy, Critical Apparatus6teasing, and familiar, crawling about in unwonted places, on the floor, 7into drawers, and over the backs of the milkmaids' hands. Convers-Critical Apparatus8ations were concerning sunstroke; while butter-making, and still more 9butter-keeping, was a despair.

Critical Apparatus10They milked entirely in the meads for coolness and convenience, Critical Apparatus11without driving in the cows. During the day the animals obsequiously Critical Apparatus12followed the shadow of the smallest tree as it moved round the stem with Critical Apparatus13the diurnal roll; and when the milkers came they could hardly stand still 14for the flies.

15On one of these afternoons four or five unmilked cows chanced to Critical Apparatus16stand apart from the general herd, behind the corner of a hedge, among 17them being Dumpling and Old Pretty, who loved Tess's hands above Critical Apparatus18those of any other maid. When she rose from her stool under a finished Critical Apparatus19cow Angel Clare, who had been observing her for some time, asked her Critical Apparatus20if she would take the aforesaid creatures next. She silently assented, and Critical Apparatus21with her stool at arm's length, and the pail against her knee, went round 22to where they stood. Soon the sound of Old Pretty's milk fizzing into the Critical Apparatus23pail came through the hedge, and then Angel felt inclined to go round 24the corner also, to finish off a hard-yielding milcher who had strayed Critical Apparatus25there, he being now as capable of this as the dairyman himself.

26All the men, and some of the women, when milking, dug their 27foreheads into the cows and gazed into the pail. But a few—mainly the pg a2121younger ones—rested their heads sideways. This was Tess Durbeyfield's 2habit, her temple pressing the milcher's flank, her eyes fixed on the far Critical Apparatus3end of the meadow with the quiet of one lost in meditation. She was 4milking Old Pretty thus, and the sun chancing to be on the milking-side Critical Apparatus5it shone flat upon her pink-gowned form, and her white curtain-bonnet, Critical Apparatus6and upon her profile, rendering it keen as a cameo cut from the dun 7background of the cow.

Critical Apparatus8She did not know that Clare had followed her round, and that he sat Critical Apparatus9under his cow watching her. The stillness of her head and features was Critical Apparatus10remarkable; she might have been in a trance, her eyes open, yet 11unseeing. Nothing in the picture moved but Old Pretty's tail and Tess's Critical Apparatus12pink hands, the latter so gently as to be a rhythmic pulsation only, as if Critical Apparatus13they were obeying a reflex stimulus, like a beating heart.

Critical Apparatus14How very lovable her face was to him. Yet there was nothing ethereal Critical Apparatus15about it: all was real vitality, real warmth, real incarnation. And it was Critical Apparatus16in her mouth that this culminated. Eyes almost as deep and speaking he Critical Apparatus17had seen before, and cheeks perhaps as fair; brows as arched, a chin and Critical Apparatus18throat almost as shapely; her mouth he had seen nothing to equal on the Critical Apparatus19face of the earth. To a young man with the least fire in him that little 20upward lift in the middle of her red top lip was distracting, infatuating, Critical Apparatus21maddening. He had never before seen a woman's lips and teeth Critical Apparatus22which forced upon his mind, with such persistent iteration, the old pg a213Critical Apparatus1Elizabethan simile of roses filled with snow. Perfect, he, as a lover, Critical Apparatus2might have called them off-hand. But no: they were not perfect. And it Critical Apparatus3was the touch of the imperfect upon the would-be perfect that gave the Critical Apparatus4sweetness, because it was that which gave the humanity.

Critical Apparatus5Clare had studied the curves of those lips so many times that he could Critical Apparatus6reproduce them mentally with ease; and now, as they again confronted Critical Apparatus7him, clothed with colour and life, they sent an aura over his flesh, a Critical Apparatus8breeze through his nerves, which well-nigh produced a qualm; and Critical Apparatus9actually produced by some mysterious physiological process, a prosaic 10sneeze.

Critical Apparatus11She then became conscious that he was observing her; but she would 12not show it by any change of position, though the curious dream-like Critical Apparatus13fixity disappeared, and a close eye might easily have discerned that the Critical Apparatus14rosiness of her face deepened, and then faded till only a tinge of it was Critical Apparatus15left.

Critical Apparatus16The influence that had passed into Clare like an excitation from the Critical Apparatus17sky, did not die down. Resolutions, reticences, prudences, fears, fell 18back like a defeated battalion. He jumped up from his seat, and, leaving Critical Apparatus19his pail to be kicked over if the milcher had such a mind, went quickly Critical Apparatus20towards the desire of his eyes, and kneeling down beside her, clasped her 21in his arms.

22Tess was taken completely by surprise, and she yielded to his embrace Critical Apparatus23with unreflecting inevitableness. Having seen that it was really her pg a214Critical Apparatus1lover who had advanced, and no one else, her lips parted and she sank 2upon him in her momentary joy, with something very like an ecstatic 3cry.

Critical Apparatus4He had been on the point of kissing that too tempting mouth, but he Critical Apparatus5checked himself, for tender conscience' sake. "Forgive me, Tess dear," Critical Apparatus6he whispered. "I ought to have asked. I—did not know what I was Critical Apparatus7doing. I do not mean it as a liberty. I am devoted to you, Tessy, dearest, Critical Apparatus8in all sincerity!"

9Old Pretty by this time had looked round, puzzled; and seeing two Critical Apparatus10people crouching under her where, by immemorial custom, there 11should have been only one, lifted her hind leg crossly.

12"She is angry—she doesn't know what we mean—she'll kick over the Critical Apparatus13milk!" exclaimed Tess, gently striving to free herself, her eyes concerned Critical Apparatus14with the quadruped's actions, her heart more deeply concerned with Critical Apparatus15herself and Clare.

Critical Apparatus16She slipped up from her seat, and they stood together, his arm still Critical Apparatus17encircling her. Tess's eyes, fixed on distance, began to fill.

18"Why do you cry, my darling?" he said.

Critical Apparatus19"O—I don't know!" she murmured.

Critical Apparatus20As she saw and felt more clearly the position she was in she became Critical Apparatus21agitated and tried to withdraw.

Critical Apparatus22"Well—I have betrayed my feelings, Tess, at last," said he with a Critical Apparatus23curious sigh of desperation, signifying unconsciously that his heart had pg a215Critical Apparatus1outrun his judgment. "That I—love you dearly and truly I need not Critical Apparatus2say. But I—it shall go no further now—it distresses you—I am as 3surprised as you are. You will not think I have presumed upon your 4defencelessness—been too quick and unreflecting, will you?"

Critical Apparatus5"N'—I can't tell."

Critical Apparatus6He had allowed her to free herself; and in a minute or two the milking Critical Apparatus7of each was resumed. Nobody had beheld the gravitation of the two into Critical Apparatus8one; and when the dairyman came round by that screened nook, a few Critical Apparatus9minutes later, there was not a sign to reveal that the markedly sundered Critical Apparatus10pair were more to each other than mere acquaintance. Yet in the Critical Apparatus11interval since Crick's last view of them something had occurred which Critical Apparatus12changed the pivot of the universe for their two natures: something 13which, had he known its quality, the dairyman would have despised, as 14a practical man; yet which was based upon a more stubborn and Critical Apparatus15resistless tendency than a whole heap of so-called practicalities. A veil Critical Apparatus16had been whisked aside; the tract of each one's outlook was to have a 17new horizon thenceforward—for a short time or for a long.

18end of phase the third

pg a216

Notes Settings

Notes

Critical Apparatus
3  the Var 91] Froom G] Frome MS(2)] Var MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
4–5  could … fertilization, MS(3)] and the hiss as of fertilization could almost be heard, MS(2)] and the hiss of … MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
5    fertilization, 91] fertilization MS] fertilisation, G]
Critical Apparatus
6  ready bosoms 91] ready hearts MS(2)] human hearts MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
7  surroundings. MS(3)] environment MS(2)] environment, the slumberous enervating air weighed upon [not continued] MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
9  wake G] train MS
9  an effort … Nature MS(2)] determined MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
10  hearts MS(2)] feminine hearts MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
11  spring … stagnant MS(2)] spring, was slumberous, stagnant MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
11    spring, MS] spring G
Critical Apparatus
12–13  them, … Ethiopic MS(3)] … seemed in a swoon. Though Ethiopic MS(2)] them, and Ethiopic MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
13–15  slopes … purled. MS(3)] slopes of the grass, there was still … MS(2)] slopes. There was no bright green but where the water came. MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
15–17  And … Tess. MS(3)] … by waxing … 91–12] … inwardly by a growing madness of passion for the seductive Tess. MS(2)] Thus the young people were oppressed by the outward sultriness no less than inwardly by their continuing devotion to Angel Clare. MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
15    heats MS] heats, G
Critical Apparatus
18    passed MS 91] passed, G
Critical Apparatus
19    spring-cart MS] spring cart 92
Critical Apparatus
20  pulverised surface of the MS(2)] powdery MS(1)
20  followed MS(1) restored] each followed MS(2) deleted
20  white ribands MS(2)] a white riband MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
1  kept … permanently MS(2)] never rolled his shirt-sleeves down [not continued] MS(1)
1–2  from Monday to Saturday: 92] past his elbows: 91] past his elbows from Monday to Saturday: G] past his elbows from Monday morning till Saturday night: MS
Critical Apparatus
2  had 92] produced MS
Critical Apparatus
4  crept MS(1) restored] strolled MS(2) deleted
Critical Apparatus
4    currant-bushes MS] currant-bushes, G
Critical Apparatus
5  than of MS(2)] than MS(1)
5  The flies MS(2)] Flies MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
6  crawling MS(2)] creeping MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
8  while MS deleted and restored
Critical Apparatus
10  entirely in the meads MS(2)] now in the meads, MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
11  During MS(2)] The latter during [not continued] MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
12  the smallest tree 91] the smallest tree at hand, MS(3)] the nea [rest ? not continued] MS(2)] any tree, MS(1)
12  stem MS(2)] trunk MS(1)
12  with 91] in correspondence with MS(3)] in keeping with MS(2)] in obedience to MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
13–14  could … flies. MS(2)] stood as still as the flies would allow them. MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
16  behind MS(2)] round MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
18–19  When … cow MS added
Critical Apparatus
19  observing 91] musingly observing MS
19  time, 91] time as she milked, MS
Critical Apparatus
19    cow MS 91] cow, G
Critical Apparatus
20  the aforesaid creatures MS(2)] those MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
21  went 91] she went MS
Critical Apparatus
23  felt inclined MS(2)] made it his business MS(1)
23–24  round the corner MS(2)] round MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
25  there, MS(2)] there likewise, MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
3  quiet 12,00] gaze 02,MS
Critical Apparatus
5    form, MS] form 92
Critical Apparatus
6  keen as 12,00] dazzlingly keen as 02,91] dazzlingly keen, with an effect like that of MS
Critical Apparatus
8  that he sat MS(2)] he sat down MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
9  stillness 12,00] absolute stillness 02,MS
Critical Apparatus
10    remarkable; MS] remarkable: 12 [the tail of the semicolon is damaged in 02]
Critical Apparatus
12  pink MS added
12  as if 91] conveying the fancy that G] conveying the impression that MS
Critical Apparatus
13  reflex 91,MS(1)] merely reflex MS(2)
13  stimulus, MS(4)] activity [?] MS(2)] action [?] MS(1) [third reading illegible]
Critical Apparatus
14  lovable MS(2)] beautiful MS(1)
14  was to him. MS(2)] was. MS(1)
14–15  Yet … incarnation. 91] There was … MS added (2)] … real carnation. MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
15–16  And … culminated. 91] Yet when all was thought and felt that could be thought and felt about her features in general, it was her mouth which turned out to be the magnetic pole thereof. MS(2)] … her face in general, … MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
15    it: MS] it; G
Critical Apparatus
16–17  Eyes … before, MS(3)] … deep and eloquent he … MS(2)] He had seen fine eyes before, MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
17  cheeks perhaps as fair; MS(2)] fair cheeks, MS(1)
17  brows MS(1) restored] brows possibly MS(2) deleted
Critical Apparatus
18  almost as shapely; MS(3)] as shapely; MS(2)] as curved; MS(1)
18  nothing 91] nothing at all MS
18  to equal MS(2)] like MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
19  young man G] man MS
19–21  him … maddening. 91] … her top lip … MS(2)] him it was distracting, infatuating, maddening. He had studied the curves of those lips [not continued] MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
21  lips and teeth MS(3)] mouth and teeth MS(2)] mouth MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
22  forced MS(1) restored] actively forced MS(2) deleted
22  his mind, … iteration, MS(5)] him unasked, with … MS(4)] him themselves, without any mental seeking on his part whatever, MS(3)] … without mental seeking on his part, MS(2)] himself, with persistent iteration, MS(1) [combination of words within the first four readings uncertain; order of second, third, and fourth readings uncertain]
Critical Apparatus
22    mind, MS] mind 91
22    iteration, MS] iteration 91
Critical Apparatus
1  of MS(1) not deleted] of a MS(2) deleted
1–4  Perfect, … humanity. MS added+
1–2  Perfect, … And MS(3)] … lover, would have called them. But hey were not so. And MS(2)] Perfect he would have called them: yet MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
2    off-hand G] offhand MS
2    no: MS] no; G] no–91
Critical Apparatus
3  upon the would-be 91] upon the intended MS(4)] over the intended MS(3)] on what aimed to be MS(2)] on the MS(1)
3  gave MS(1) restored] lent MS(2) deleted
Critical Apparatus
4  sweetness, 91] resistlessness, G] captivation, MS(4)] winsomeness, MS(2)] enchantment, MS (1 and 3)
4  gave MS(1) restored] lent MS(2) deleted
Critical Apparatus
5  studied MS(2)] watched MS(1) [altered on same line]
5  times 91] hours MS
Critical Apparatus
6  mentally MS(2)] from memory on paper MS(1)
6  ease; 91] comparative ease; MS
6  again MS added
Critical Apparatus
6    ease; MS] ease: 92
Critical Apparatus
7  his flesh, MS(2)] him, MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
8  breeze 12,00] cold breeze 02,MS
8  nerves, MS(1) restored] super-subtle nerves, MS(2) deleted
8  qualm; MS(2)] sense of sickness; MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
8    well-nigh MS] wellnigh 91
Critical Apparatus
9–10  produced … sneeze. MS(3)] … physiological action, a prosaic sneeze. MS(2)] produced a sneeze. MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
9    actually produced MS] actually produced, G
Critical Apparatus
11  She then MS(3)] By some magnetism she MS(2)] She MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
13  eye MS(2)] observer MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
14  rosiness MS(2)] pinkness MS(1)
14  deepened, 12,00] slowly deepened, 02,MS
14  faded MS(3)] faded down MS(2)] faded away MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
15  left. MS(2)] left in the middle of her cheek. MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
16  influence 12,00] stimulus 02,MS(2)] flash, or stimulus, MS(1)
16  excitation 12,00] annunciation 02,MS
Critical Apparatus
17    sky, MS] sky G
17    Resolutions, MS] Resolutions 92 [corrected in some copies of 12]
Critical Apparatus
19–20  quickly … beside her, MS(2)] with his stool towards her quickly, and, depositing it beside hers, MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
20    and MS] and, G
Critical Apparatus
23  with unreflecting inevitableness. MS(2)] as unreflectingly as a child. MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
1  lover … advanced, MS(2)] lover, MS(1)
1–3  parted … cry. MS(4)] … momentary [erasure, probably del]ight with something very like an ecstatic sound. MS(3)] parted, she drooped in her impressionability, and burst into a succession of ecstatic sobs. MS(2)] parted, she panted in her … MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
1    parted MS] parted, G
Critical Apparatus
4  kissing MS(2)] violently kissing MS(1)
4  that too tempting MS(4)] that tempting MS(3)] that intoxicating MS(2)] that MS(1)
4  mouth, 91] mouth of hers, MS
Critical Apparatus
4    too tempting MS 91] too-tempting G
Critical Apparatus
5  for tender 91] even for tender MS(2)] for MS(1)
5  dear, MS added
Critical Apparatus
5    conscience' G] conscience MS
5    sake. MS] sake.¶ 91
5    dear, MS] dear! 91
Critical Apparatus
6  whispered. MS(2)] stammered. MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
7  liberty. I am 91] liberty at all—I—am MS
7  devoted MS(2)] passionately devoted MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
7    Tessy 91] Tessie MS
Critical Apparatus
8  in all sincerity!" 91] with all my soul." MS
Critical Apparatus
10  by 91,MS(2) deleted] according to MS(1) restored
10  custom, MS(2)] usage, MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
13  exclaimed MS(3)] murmured MS(2)] gasped MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
14  more MS(2)] far more MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
15  herself and Clare. MS(3)] herself and him. MS(2)] herself. MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
16  She slipped up 91] "Let me lift you up—lean upon me."¶ He raised her MS
Critical Apparatus
17    eyes, MS 12] eyes 92
Critical Apparatus
19  "O … murmured. 12] … murmured regretfully. 91] "I am not crying—I mean I am so frightened—so happy—sorry—O I don't know!" MS(3)] … so in doubt—so happy … MS(2)] … crying—I am so frightened—so happy … MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
19    variant sorry—O MS] sorry, O, G
Critical Apparatus
20–21  saw … withdraw. 92] … became agitated, looked askance and tried to withdraw. MS(3)] … was in she tried to withdraw. MS(2)] seemed to see and feel further the position she was in she began to sob in reality. MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
20¶ As 91] As MS
20    in MS 91] in, G
Critical Apparatus
21    variant askance MS] askance, G
Critical Apparatus
22  feelings, MS] feeling G,NG
Critical Apparatus
22–215.1  Tess, … "That MS(3)] … with a sigh of desperation, signifying that … MS(2)] Rosemary, and that MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
22    Well—MS] Well, G
22    last, G] last MS
22    he MS] he, G
Critical Apparatus
23    signifying unconsciously MS 91] signifying, unconsciously, G
Critical Apparatus
1  I—love 92] I love MS
Critical Apparatus
1    I—love 92] I love MS
Critical Apparatus
2  it distresses you—MS added
Critical Apparatus
2    further MS 12] farther 91
Critical Apparatus
5  "N'—I can't tell." 92] "I cannot tell." 91] "I don't know!" MS(2)] "I don't know, sir!" MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
6  allowed 91] reluctantly allowed MS
Critical Apparatus
7  gravitation 91] unpremediated gravitation MS
7  the two MS(2)] these two MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
8  screened MS added
Critical Apparatus
8    nook, MS] nook G
Critical Apparatus
9    later, MS] later 91
9    markedly sundered MS 12] markedly-sundered G
Critical Apparatus
10    Yet MS 91] Yet, G
Critical Apparatus
11    them MS 91] them, G
Critical Apparatus
12  changed MS(1) restored] for short or for long changed MS(2) deleted
12  their two MS(2)] two such MS(1)
12  natures: 12,00, MS(1)] natures—whilst it should last: 02,MS(2)
Critical Apparatus
12    natures: MS(1)] natures; 12] variant last: MS(2)] last; G
Critical Apparatus
15  tendency MS(2)] force MS(1)
15  a whole … practicalities. MS(3)] many so-called practicalities. MS(2)] any so-called practicalities amount to if heaped together in a mass. MS(1)
Critical Apparatus
16  whisked aside; MS(2)] severed; MS(1)
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