Hugh de Quehen (ed.), Samuel Butler: Prose Observations

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36r Marriage and Women

24Princes before they enter into a warr with a powrfull Enemy are 25wont to make Peace, and enter into Leagues and alliances with all pg 2691their Neighbours: So Women that use to quarrell and contest with 2their Husbands allwayes indeavour to ingage (by their civility 3and Complacence) the good opinion of as many as they can to 4take their Parts; and believe the best on their Sides.

5Women that love their Husbands too fondly are more Apt to 6pick Quarrells with them upon Punctilioes of Kindnesse or unkind-7nesse (as lovers doe in Romances) then those who are Indifferent Critical Apparatus8or have no Affection for them at All.

9A good woman is infinitely more to bee Valued then a good Man 10because they passe through farr greater Difficulties to become 11Such, then Men; who are not naturally Subject to so many Infirmi-12ties, nor tyed to Such strict Rules of Virtue; as Women are bound Critical Apparatus13to observe; and for that very reason have the Stronger Inclinations 14to breake Them, according to the perpetuall Current of Humane 15Nature, that alwayes grow's (like other Streames) more Violent; 16when It meetes with opposition; especially such as it is Able to 17breake through. And yett virtue in Women in the ordinary Sence Critical Apparatus18of the world signifies nothing else but Chastity; and vice the Con-Critical Apparatus19trary; as if they were Capable of neither Good nor Bad above the 20Middle; and that Part were the / Seate where their Soules resided 36v 21and the Same thing with the Heart and Braine in Men: For all 22their wit and Ingenuity is for the most part derived from thence 23and relates to nothing else, as being the onely End of their Creation Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus24and their Province to bee the Seminary of mankinde for which they 25are better qualifyed then any thing Else.

26Great Persons very seldome marry happily Because they are 27deprivd of the freedome of their Choice and [too] diverted by the 28Wealth and other Advantages of offerd Matches, to make use of 29their own Discretion (if they have any) to fitt or please themselves 30with the other no lesse reall conveniences of Personall liking and Critical Apparatus31naturall Inclination; which are supposd to signify nothing in the 32affaires of the World; though there can bee no true and naturall 33Marryage contracted without Them; And all Love and Honour in pg 2701Romances would immediately become voyd and of none effect; And 2yett there are seldome any other Considerations used by one side 3at least, in all matches that are made especially on the womans part 4who are either forc't by their Parents or betrayd and Sold by their Critical Apparatus5Friends; when they are left Rich, to fall to the share of Such who 6regard nothing but their Fortunes; if they chance to escape the Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus7greater Danger themselvs that they are generally destind like 8Andromeda to bee Chaynd to Rocks and devourd by Monsters.

Editor’s Note9The Scripture in many places brands Idolatry with the name of Editor’s Note10Whoredome and calls Antichrist the whore of Babilon to let us 11know That nothing is so like a false Religion as a false Woman that 12prostitutes her Body as Idolaters doe their Soules to Pride, Avarice, 13and Ambition; the originalls of all false Religions in the world.

Editor’s Note14Such a remedy as the Stoiques found out against Cuckolding, to 15have all women Common to all men.

Critical Apparatus16He hath endowed Her with all his worldly Detts and diseases.

Editor’s Note17It is much better for an old woman to marry a yong Man then an 18old man to marry a yong woman for very good Reasons.

Notes Settings

Notes

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8. 1–2 See 'A Cuckold', sent. 9; GR ii. 373 His wives Faults …
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8. 3–10 Verse drafts from B 37r B
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13–14 for … Them ] underlined C
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18 but Chastity] underlined C
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19–20 above the Middle] underlined C
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24–5 for … ] underlined C
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p. 269, l. 24. Seminary: 'seed plot, a place where plants are set to be removed' (Blount, Glossographia).
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31–2 which … World ] underlined C
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5–6 to fall … Fortunes ] underlined C
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7–8 generally … ] underlined C
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p. 270, ll. 7–8. like Andromeda, etc. See Ovid, Metamorphoses, iv. 668–90; Apollodorus, II. iv. 3.
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p. 270, ll. 9–10. brands Idolatry with the name of Whoredome. Most frequently in Ezekiel (vi. 9; xliii. 7–9; and passim).
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p. 270, l. 10. calls AntiChrist, etc. The identification of Antichrist (1 John ii. 18, 22; iv. 3; 2 John 7) with the Whore of Babylon (Rev. xvii. 1–5) is not explicit in Scripture.
Editor’s Note
p. 270, ll. 14–15. Such a remedy, etc. Diogenes Laertius records the Stoics' opinion 'That Wives should be in common; so that a man might make Use of the first he met by accident; for thus Zeno and Chrysippus both ordain'd in their Common-Wealths; for that they will all have the same Charity and Affection for their Offspring; and by that means Adultery and Jealousie will be remov'd out of the World' (Zeno, vii. 131, trans. in Lives, i. 542).
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16 Detts and diseases] underlined C
Editor’s Note
p. 270, l. 17. He hath endowed, etc. See 'Solemnization of Matrimony', in Book of Common Prayer, 1662: 'With my body I thee worship, and with all my worldly goods I thee endow.'
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