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pg 9Editor’s NoteCritical ApparatusV

Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus1The rivers in Peru are observed to quicken their currents with the 2first approach of morning; an effect produced by the rays of the sun 3melting the snow upon the Andes. Similar appearances are striking 4among the Alps. At the head of the valley of Lauterbrunnen, in order 5to have a more perfect view of a magnificent waterfall, I crossed over 6a broad and rapid mountain torrent by the aid of the fragments of rock 7which strewed its bed. I did not stay above a few minutes; but on my 8return I found the difficulty of recrossing the stream much encreased; Critical Apparatus9and, being detained among the large stones in its channel, I perceived 10the water swell every moment, which, with the dizziness of sight 11produced by the furious dashing of the foam, placed me in a situation 12of considerable personal danger. Returning down the valley, from a 13bridge under the arch of which, about two hours before, for the sake of 14shade, we had retired to eat our dinner, we observed such a quantity Critical Apparatus15of water rolling over our late resting place as would have swept us Critical Apparatus16away before it. It will scarce be necessary to say that these temporary Critical Apparatus17floods will be found on different sides of a valley as the sun changes his 18position.

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V. Before text, MS. deletes four lines: The Island. / A Song. / An Idyllium. / It is remarked that
Editor’s Note
Wordsworth wrote a letter to his sister on 14 September 1790 'at a small village in the road from Grindelwald to Lauterbrunnen', and forecast that 'After viewing the valley of Lauterbrunnen we shall have concluded our tour of the more Alpine parts of Swisserland' (E.Y., p. 35). Reed (p. 112) gives reasons for dating the incident described here on that day. His location of the incident in ' "the heart" of the valley' is based on a misreading of the manuscript at 1. 4 of our text. The date of composition is, of course, not necessarily that of the event. Reed, p. 24, suggests 'by 23 May 1794', on the ground that 'the fragment contributes to a stanza' in MS. 1 of Guilt and Sorrow (P.W. i. 339, st. 51; cf. P.W. i. 330–1). It is, however, Wordsworth's information about similar phenomena in Peru which is there used, not the Alpine incident.
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1–2 with … morning MS.2: as the morning advances MS.
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1–3. We have not found a certain source of Wordsworth's information about Peru. Mrs. Moorman (i. 146) mentions 'Ovalle's account of Chile, which he could have read in a translation'. Cf. An Historical Relation of the Kingdom of Chile, By Alonso de Ovalle, in John Pinkerton, A General Collection of the Best and Most Interesting Voyages and Travels in All Parts of the World, xiv (London, 1813), 51 (Chap. VII, 'Of the Fountains, Rivers, and Brooks, of the Cordillera'):

The brooks and rivers which cross the ways every step are so violent, that there is no head so strong, but it turns to look on their current … so that it is necessary sometimes to stay two or three days till the sun does not shine; for then these brooks are lower, because there is less snow melted: and for this reason it is always best to pass early in the morning, they having had all the night to run lower.

This work would have been available to Wordsworth in A. and J. Churchill, A Collection of Voyages and Travels, published in 1732 and later editions.
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9 perceived MS.3: observed MS.: found MS.2.
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15 rolling MS.2: rolling down MS.
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16 After it. MS. deletes: These sudden floods are temporary MS.2: sudden MS.
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17 will be found MS.2: are occasioned MS. on MS.2: in MS.
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