Gary Taylor, John Jowett, Terri Bourus, and Gabriel Egan (eds), The New Oxford Shakespeare: Critical Reference Edition, Vol. 1

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Critical ApparatusEnter the Queene with her attendants

Quee. What sport shall we deuise here in this garden,

2To driue away the heauy thought of care?

Critical Apparatus3

Lady Madame weele play at bowles.


Quee. Twil make me thinke the world is full of rubs,

5And that my fortune runs against the bias.


Lady Madame weele daunce.


Quee. My legs can keepe no measure in delight,

8When my poore hart no measure keepes in griefe:

9Therfore no dauncing girle, some other sport.


Lady Madame weele tell tales.

Critical Apparatus11

Quee. Of sorrow or of [ioy].


Lady Of either Madame.


Quee. Of neither girle:

14For if of ioy, being altogither wanting,

15It doth remember me the more of sorrow:

16Or if of griefe, being altogither had,

17It adds more sorrow to my want of ioy:

18For what I haue I need not to repeate,

19And what I want it bootes not to complaine.


Lady Madame Ile sing.

Quee. Tis well that thou hast cause,

21But thou shouldst please me better, wouldst thou weepe.

Critical Apparatus22

Lady I could weepe; Madame would it doe you good?


Quee. And I could sing would weeping doe me good,

24And neuer borrow any teare of thee.

Critical ApparatusEnter Gardeners.

pg 422Critical Apparatus25But stay, here come the gardeners,

26Lets step into the shadow of these trees,

Critical Apparatus27My wretchednes vnto a row of pines,

G3rCritical Apparatus Link 28They will talke of state for euery one doth so,

29Against a change woe is fore-runne with woe.

Critical Apparatus30

Gard. Go bind thou vp yong dangling Aphricokes,

31Which like vnruly children make their sire,

32Stoope with oppression of their prodigall weight,

33Giue some supportance to the bending twigs,

34Go thou, and like an executioner

Critical Apparatus35Cut off the heads of [too] fast growing spraies,

36That looke too loftie in our common-wealth,

37All must be euen in our gouernement.

38You thus employed, I will goe roote away

39The noysome weedes which without profit sucke

40The soiles fertilitie from wholsome flowers.

Critical Apparatus41

Man. Why should we in the compas of a pale,

42Keepe law and forme, and due proportion,

Critical Apparatus43Shewing as in a modle our firme estate,

44When our sea-walled garden the whole land

45Is full of weedes, her fairest flowers choakt vp,

46Her fruit trees all vnprunde, her hedges ruinde,

47Her knots disordered and her holsome hearbs

48Swarming with caterpillers.

Gard. Hold thy peace,

Critical Apparatus49He that [hath] suffered this disordered spring,

50Hath now himselfe met with the fall of leafe:

51The weedes which his broad spreading leaues did shelter,

52That seemde in eating him to hold him vp,

53Are pluckt vp roote and all by Bullingbrooke,

54I meane the Earle of Wiltshire, Bushie, Greene,

Critical Apparatus55

Man. What are they dead?

Gard. They are. And Bullingbrooke

Critical Apparatus56Hath ceasde the wastefull king; Oh what pitie is it

57That he had not so trimde, and drest his land

Critical Apparatus58As we this garden. [We] at time of yeare

Critical Apparatus59Do wound the barke, the skinne of our fruit trees,

60Lest being ouer prowd in sap and bloud,

61With too much riches it confound it selfe

pg 42362Had he done so to great and growing men,

G3v Link 63They might haue liude to beare, and he to taste

64Their fruits of duety: superfluous branches

65We loppe away, that bearing boughes may liue:

66Had he done so, himselfe had borne the crowne,

Critical Apparatus67Which waste of idle houres hath quite throwne downe.

Critical Apparatus68

Man. What, thinke you the King shall be deposed?


Gard. Deprest he is already, and deposde

Critical Apparatus70Tis doubt he will be. Letters came last night

71To a deare friend of the good Duke of Yorkes,

72That tell blacke tidings.


Queene Oh I am prest to death through want of speaking

74Thou old Adams likenesse set to dresse this garden,

75How dares thy harsh rude tong sound this vnpleasing news?

76What Eue? what serpent hath suggested thee

77To make a second fall of cursed man?

78Why dost thou say king Richard is deposde?

79Darst thou thou little better thing than earth

80Diuine his downefall? say, where, when, and how,

Critical Apparatus81[Camst] thou by this ill tidings speake thou wretch?


Gard. Pardon me Madam, little ioy haue I

83To breathe this newes, yet what I say is true:

84King Richard he is in the mightie hold

85Of Bullingbrooke: their fortunes both are weyde

86In your Lo: scale is nothing but himselfe,

87And some few vanities that make him light:

88But in the ballance of great Bullingbrooke,

89Besides himselfe are all the English peeres,

90And with that oddes he weighs King Richard downe;

Critical Apparatus91Post you to London and you will find it so,

92I speake no more than euery one doth know.


Queene Nimble Mischance that arte so light of foote,

94Doth not thy embassage belong to me,

95And am I last that knowes it? Oh thou thinkest

96To serue me last that I may longest keepe

97Thy sorrow in my breast: come, Ladies go

98To meete at London Londons king in wo.

99What, was I borne to this that my sad looke

G4r Link 100Should grace the triumph of great Bullingbrooke?

Critical Apparatus101Gardner for telling me these newes of wo,

Critical Apparatus102Pray God the plants thou graftst may neuer grow.

pg 424 103

Gard. Poore Queene, so that thy state might be no worse,

104I would my Skill were subiect to thy curse:

105Here did she fall a teare, here in this place

106Ile set a banke of Rew sowre hearb of grace,

107Rew euen for ruth heere shortly shall be seene,

Critical Apparatus108In the remembrance of a weeping Queene.

Critical ApparatusExeunt.

Notes Settings


Critical Apparatus Enter . . . attendants 1simmes; Enter the Queene, and two Ladies. jaggard. Though this seems like a minor change, many editors have noted that the specification of the number and gender of attendants balances the scene so that there are the three female characters associated with Richard's court meeting with the three male gardeners.
Critical Apparatus jaggard prints 'and two Ladies with her' for 'with her attendants'
Critical Apparatus
3.4.3, 10, 12 Lady 1simmes; La. jaggard. See Performance Note for approaches to dividing up the lines between the two ladies.
Critical Apparatus
3.4.11 ioy rowe3; GRIEFE 1simmes, jaggard. Nearly every editor accepts rowe's emendation. The shared error is an example of the compositor replacing a word with its antonymn.
Critical Apparatus
3.4.22 weepe; 1simmes(c); weepe: 1simmes(b); weepe, 1simmes(a)
Critical Apparatus
3.4.22 Some copies print 'weepe:' others 'weep,' for 'weepe;'
Critical Apparatus Enter Gardeners. 1simmes; Enter a Gardiner, and two Seruants. jaggard. As with the changes to the Queen's entrance, editors have understood jaggard to clarify the dramatic structure of the scene, establishing two groups of three, one group composed of the Queen and her two Ladies, the other composed of the Gardener and his two men.
Critical Apparatus jaggard specifies 'a Gardiner, and two Seruants'
Critical Apparatus
3.4.25 come 1simmes; commeth 2wise; comes jaggard. Another example of compounded error.
Critical Apparatus
3.4.27 pines = pins
Critical Apparatus
3.4.28 They will jaggard; They will They'le jaggard. The reading in 1simmes is metrically acceptable.
Critical Apparatus
3.4.30 yong 1simmes; yon 2wise, jaggard. wilson accepted 2wise as 'yonder' in reference to a particular tree.
Critical Apparatus
3.4.30 Aphricokes = apricots
Critical Apparatus
3.4.35 too jaggard; two 1simmes. jaggard yields better sense. wilson pointed out that the compositor of 1simmes may have incorrectly expanded a Shakespearean 'to' in the copy text.
Critical Apparatus
3.4.41, 55, 68 Man. 1simmes; Ser. jaggard. See Performance Notes for editorial approaches to dividing up these lines (see also 3.4.3).
Critical Apparatus
3.4.43 as in 1simmes, jaggard; in 2wise
Critical Apparatus
3.4.49 hath 2wise; htah 1simmes
Critical Apparatus
3.4.55–8 They . . . yeare capell; are.| king,| trimde,| 1simmes
Critical Apparatus
3.4.56 king; 1simmes(b); king, 1simmes(a)
Critical Apparatus
3.4.56 is it 1simmes, jaggard; it is 2wise
Critical Apparatus
3.4.56 One extant copy prints 'king,' for 'king;'
Critical Apparatus
3.4.58 We at capell; at 1simmes, jaggard. ure points out that capell's emendation supports an antithesis between 'We' and 'he' in l. 62 (an antithesis repeated in ll. 65 and 66).
Critical Apparatus
3.4.59 Do → And
Critical Apparatus
3.4.67 of → and
Critical Apparatus
3.4.68 you 1simmes, jaggard; you then pope. pope gives regular pentameter to a headless line. Most editors accept on the basis that there is a relatively clear potential origin of error: ure argues that the manuscript had 'the' with a tilde over the 'e' for 'then' and that the compositor misread this as a haplography of the preceding word 'the'—and Craven supports Ure's assessment. Nevertheless, this is an acceptable headless line in an otherwise metrically regular part of the text, and pope's emendation does not improve the sense of the line.
Critical Apparatus
3.4.70 doubt → doubted
Critical Apparatus
3.4.81 Camst 2wise, jaggard; Canst 1simmes. 2wise fixes an easy error in 1simmes.
Critical Apparatus
3.4.81 this 1simmes; these 2wise, jaggard. 'Tidings' (like 'news' at 3.4.101) could be singular or plural (see also 2.1.273).
Critical Apparatus
3.4.91 you will you'l jaggard. The 1simmes reading contains an extra unstressed syllable at the caesura, which is metrically acceptable and therefore followed here. Some editors accept jaggard, which enforces regular iambic pentameter in the concluding rhymed couplet, where metrical regularity is more normal.
Critical Apparatus
3.4.101 these 1simmes this jaggard. 'News' can be singular or plural (see 3.4.81).
Critical Apparatus
3.4.102 Pray God 1simmes; I would jaggard
Critical Apparatus
3.4.102 jaggard prints 'I would' for 'Pray God'
Critical Apparatus
3.4.108 In the 1simmes, jaggard; In 2wise
Critical Apparatus
3.4.108 Exeunt. 1simmes; Exit.| Actus Quartus. Scœna Prima jaggard.
Critical Apparatus jaggard prints 'Exit.' for 'Exeunt.' and then 'Actus Quartus. Scœna Prima.' (boxed)
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