S. Douglas Olson (ed.), Broken Laughter: Select Fragments of Greek Comedy
Editor’s Notepg 75Editor’s NoteB31. Aristophanes fr. *322, probably from Heroes (410s bc?)
- Editor’s Note1πρὸς ταῦτʼ οὖν, ὦνδρες, φυλακὴν
- 2ἔχετε τούς θʼ ἥρως σέβεθ', ὡς
- Editor’s Note3ἡμεῖς ἐσμεν οἱ ταμίαι
- 4τῶν κακῶν καὶ τῶν ἀγαθῶν,
- Editor’s Note5κἀναθροῦντες τοὺς ἀδίκους
- 6καὶ κλέπτας καὶ λωποδύτας
- Editor’s Note7τούτοις μὲν νόσους δίδομεν·
- Editor’s Note8σπληνιᾶν βήττειν ὑδερᾶν
- 9κορυζᾶν ψωρᾶν ποδαγρᾶν
- 10μαίνεσθαι λειχῆνας ἔχειν
- 11βουβῶνας ῥῖγος πυρετόν.
- Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus12…] .. [.. (.) ] . κλέπτα[ις] δίδομεν
B31. The chorus of heroes offer the audience (1 ὦνδρες) a warning in the course of introducing themselves. For heroes causing sickness for those who offend them, see Hp. Morb.Sacr. 4 (vi. 362. 3–6 Littré); Ar. Av. 1490–3 with Dunbar ad loc.; and cf. Ar. fr. 712; Men. fr. 348; L. R. Farnell, Hero Cults of the Greeks (Oxford, 1921), 71–94. A list of benefits reserved for those who behaved well must have followed eventually (but see 7 n.).
Preserved in P.Mich. 3690 (second/third century ad; = CGFPR *58). Anaclastic glyconics ('Wilamowitzians') ().
1. πρὸς ταῦτ(α): 'wherefore' (in reference to something said in the preceding lines).
3–4. οἱ ταμίαι | τῶν κακῶν καὶ τῶν ἀγαθῶν: 'the stewards of bad things and good', the point being that they can deal these out to whomever they wish.
5. ἀναθροῦντες is < ἀναθρέω, 'keep a close watch on'.
5–6. καὶ κλέπτας καὶ λωποδύτας gives specific content to ἀδίκους. κλέπται are thieves (who, in contrast to robbers, work discreetly and without violence), while λωποδύται were a specialized type of mugger who stripped their victims of their clothes; cf. Ar. Av. 496–8 with Dunbar on 497; Austin–Olson on Ar. Th. 816–18.
7. τούτοις might be either all the evil-doers referred to in 5–6, in which case 12 must have resumed the point (hence Handley's [ταῦ]τ̣α̣ [τοῖ]ς̣ κλέπτα[ις]) and a δέ-clause referring to the treatment of the just was offered within a verse or two, or the λωποδύται only (hence Barrett's [τοῖ]ς̣ δ̣[ὲ δ]ὴ̣ κλέπτα[ις] in 12).
8–11. A catalogue of ugly chronic conditions, all in apposition to νόσους in 7: 'to have an enlarged spleen (i.e. malaria) (or) a cough (i.e. tuberculosis or the like) (or) suffer from dropsy | (or) have a runny nose (or) mange (see D1. 7 n.) (or) gout | (or) be mad (or) have eruptions on one's skin | (or) swollen glands (or) a chill (or) a fever'.
12 ταῦ]τ̣α̣ [τοῖ]ς̣ Handley: τοῖ]ς̣ δ̣[ὲ δ]ὴ̣ Barrett
12. For the text, see 7 n.