Gary Taylor, John Jowett, Terri Bourus, and Gabriel Egan (eds), The New Oxford Shakespeare: Modern Critical Edition

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Editor’s Note2.1Sc. 2

Editor’s NoteEnter before Angers: [from one door,] Phìlippe King of France, Louis the Editor’s NoteDauphin, [Constance, Arthur Duke of Brittaine, with soldiers; from Editor’s Noteanother door,] the Duke of Austria [(wearing a lion skin) and his soldiers]
Editor’s Note1

king phìlippe Before Angers well met, brave Austria.

Editor’s Note2Arthur, that great forerunner of thy blood,

3Richard that robbed the lion of his heart

Editor’s Note4And fought the holy wars in Palestine,

Editor’s Note5By this brave duke came early to his grave.

6And, for amends to his posterity,

Editor’s Note7At our importance hither is he come

Editor’s Note8To spread his colours, boy, in thy behalf,

Editor’s Note9And to rebuke the usurpatïon

Editor’s Note10Of thy unnatural uncle, English John.

11Embrace him, love him, give him welcome hither.

Editor’s Note12

arthur [to Austria] God shall forgive you Cœur-de-Lion's death,

Editor’s Note13The rather that you give his offspring life,

Editor’s Note14Shadowing their right under your wings of war.

15I give you welcome with a powerless hand,

16But with a heart full of unstainèd love,

17Welcome before the gates of Angers, Duke.

Editor’s Note18

lewis the dauphin A noble boy! Who would not do thee right?


austria [to Arthur] Upon thy cheek lay I this zealous kiss

Editor’s Note20As seal to this indenture of my love,

21That to my home I will no more return

22Till Angers and the right thou hast in France,

Editor’s Note23Together with that pale, that white-faced shore,

Editor’s Note24Whose foot spurns back the ocean's roaring tides

Editor’s Note25And coops from other lands her islanders,

Editor’s Note26Even till that England, hedged in with the main,

pg 114827That water-wallèd bulwark, still secure

28And confident from foreign purposes,

29Even till that utmost corner of the west

30Salute thee for her king. Till then, fair boy,

31Will I not think of home, but follow arms.


constance O, take his mother's thanks, a widow's thanks,

33Till your strong hand shall help to give him strength

Editor’s Note34To make a more requital to your love.


austria The peace of heaven is theirs that lift their swords

36In such a just and charitable war.

Editor’s Note37

king phìlippe Well then, to work; our cannon shall be bent

Editor’s Note38Against the brows of this resisting town.

Editor’s Note39Call for our chiefest men of discipline

Editor’s Note40To cull the plots of best advantages.

Editor’s Note41We'll lay before this town our royal bones,

42Wade to the marketplace in Frenchmen's blood,

43But we will make it subject to this boy.


constance Stay for an answer to your embassy,

Editor’s Note45Lest unadvised you stain your swords with blood.

46My Lord Châtillon may from England bring

47That right in peace which here we urge in war,

48And then we shall repent each drop of blood

Editor’s Note49That hot rash haste so indirectly shed.

Editor’s NoteEnter Châtillon.

king phìlippe A wonder, lady! Lo, upon thy wish

51Our messenger Châtillon is arrived!

Editor’s Note52What England says, say briefly, gentle lord;

Editor’s Note53We coldly pause for thee. Châtillon, speak.


châtillon Then turn your forces from this paltry siege,

55And stir them up against a mightier task.

56England, impatient of your just demands,

57Hath put himself in arms. The adverse winds,

Editor’s Note Link 58Whose leisure I have stayed, have given him time

59To land his legions all as soon as I.

Editor’s Note60His marches are expedient to this town,

61His forces strong, his soldiers confident.

62With him along is come the Mother-Queen,

Editor’s Note63An Ate stirring him to blood and strife;

64With her, her niece, the Lady Blanche of Spain.

65With them a bastard of the King's deceased;

Editor’s Note66And all th'unsettled humours of the land—

Editor’s Note67Rash, inconsiderate, fiery voluntaries,

pg 1149Editor’s Note68With ladies' faces and fierce dragons' spleens—

Editor’s Note69Have sold their fortunes at their native homes,

Editor’s Note70Bearing their birthrights proudly on their backs,

71To make a hazard of new fortunes here.

72In brief, a braver choice of dauntless spirits

Editor’s Note73Than now the English bottoms have waft o'er

74Did never float upon the swelling tide

Editor’s Note75To do offence and scathe in Christendom.

Editor’s NoteDrum beats

76The interruption of their churlish drums

Editor’s Note77Cuts off more circumstance. They are at hand

78To parley or to fight therefore prepare.

Editor’s Note79

king john How much unlooked-for is this expedition!


austria By how much unexpected, by so much

81We must awake endeavour for defence,

Editor’s Note82For courage mounteth with occasïon.

83Let them be welcome then; we are prepared.

Enter King John of England, the Bastard, Queen Eleanor, Lady Blanche, the Earl of Pembroke, and soldiers [marching]

king john Peace be to France—if France in peace permit

Editor’s Note85Our just and lineal entrance to our own.

86If not, bleed France, and peace ascend to heaven,

87Whiles we, God's wrathful agent, do correct

88Their proud contempt that beats his peace to heaven.


king phìlippe Peace be to England, if that war return

90From France to England, there to live in peace.

91England we love, and for that England's sake

92With burden of our armour here we sweat.

93This toil of ours should be a work of thine;

94But thou from loving England art so far

Editor’s Note95That thou hast underwrought his lawful king,

Editor’s Note96Cut off the sequence of posterity,

Editor’s Note97Outfacèd infant state, and done a rape

98Upon the maiden virtue of the crown.

Editor’s Note99Look here upon thy brother Geoffrey's face.

100These eyes, these brows, were moulded out of his;

Editor’s Note101This little abstract doth contain that large

102Which died in Geoffrey; and the hand of time

Editor’s Note103Shall draw this brief into as huge a volume.

104That Geoffrey was thy elder brother born,

Editor’s Note105And this his son; England was Geoffrey's right,

pg 1150Editor’s Note106And this is Geoffrey's; in the name of God,

107How comes it then that thou art called a king,

108When living blood doth in these temples beat,

109Which own the crown that thou o'er-masterest?


king john From whom hast thou this great commission, France,

Editor’s Note111To draw my answer from thy articles?

Editor’s Note112

king phìlippe From that supernal judge that stirs good thoughts

Editor’s Note113In any beast of strong authority

114To look into the blots and stains of right.

115That judge hath made me guardian to this boy,

Editor’s Note116Under whose warrant I impeach thy wrong,

117And by whose help I mean to chàstise it.


king john Alack, thou dost usurp authority.

Editor’s Note119

king phìlippe Excuse it is to beat usurping down.


eleanor Who is it thou dost call usurper, France?


constance Let me make answer: thy usurping son.

Editor’s Note122

eleanor Out, insolent! Thy bastard shall be king

Editor’s Note123That thou mayst be a queen and check the world.


constance My bed was ever to thy son as true

125As thine was to thy husband; and this boy

126Liker in feature to his father Geoffrey

Editor’s Note127Than thou and John in manners being as like

Editor’s Note128As rain to water, or devil to his dam.

129My boy a bastard? By my soul, I think

130His father never was so true begot.

131It cannot be, an if thou wert his mother.

Editor’s Note132

eleanor [to Arthur] There's a good mother, boy, that blots thy father.


constance [to Arthur] There's a good grandam, boy, that would blot thee.

Editor’s Note134

austria Peace!

bastard Hear the crier!

austria What the devil art thou?


bastard One that will play the devil, sir, with you,

Editor’s Note136An a may catch your hide and you alone.

Editor’s Note137You are the hare of whom the proverb goes,

Editor’s Note138Whose valour plucks dead lions by the beard.

Editor’s Note139I'll smoke your skin-coat an I catch you right—

140Sirrah, look too't! i'faith I will, i'faith!

Editor’s Note141

blanche O, well did he become that lion's robe

142That did disrobe the lion of that robe!


bastard It lies as sightly on the back of him

pg 1151Editor’s Note144As great Alcides' shows upon an ass.

145But, ass, I'll take that burden from your back,

Editor’s Note146Or lay on that shall make your shoulders crack.

Editor’s Note147

austria What cracker is this same that deafs our ears

148With this abundance of superfluous breath?

149King Phìlippe, determine what we shall do straight.


king phìlippe Women and fools, break off your conference.

151King John, this is the very sum of all:

152England and Ireland, Anjou, Touraine, Maine,

153In right of Arthur do I claim of thee.

154Wilt thou resign them and lay down thy arms?


king john My life as soon. I do defy thee France.

156Arthur of Brittaine, yield thee to my hand,

157And out of my dear love I'll give thee more

158Than e'er the coward hand of France can win.

159Submit thee, boy.

eleanor [to Arthur] Come to thy grandam, child.

Editor’s Note160

constance [to Arthur] Do, child, go to it grandam, child,

161Give grandam kingdom, and it grandam will

Editor’s Note162Give it a plum, a cherry, and a fig,

163There's a good grandam.

arthur Good my mother, peace.

164I would that I were low laid in my grave.

Editor’s Note165I am not worth this coil that's made for me.

[He weeps]

eleanor His mother shames him so, poor boy, he weeps.


constance Now shame upon you whe'er she does or no!

168His grandam's wrongs, and not his mother's shames,

Editor’s Note169Draws those heaven-moving pearls from his poor eyes,

Editor’s Note170Which heaven shall take in nature of a fee.

171Ay, with these crystal beads heaven shall be bribed

172To do him justice and revenge on you.


eleanor Thou monstrous slanderer of heaven and earth!


constance Thou monstrous injurer of heaven and earth,

175Call not me slanderer! Thou and thine usurp

Editor’s Note176The dominations, royalties, and rights

177Of this oppressèd boy. This is thy eld'st son's son,

178Infortunate in nothing but in thee.

Editor’s Note Link 179Thy sins are visited in this poor child;

Editor’s Note180The canon of the law is laid on him,

181Being but the second generation

Editor’s Note182Removèd from thy sin-conceiving womb.

pg 1152 Editor’s Note183

king john Bedlam, have done.

constance I have but this to say:

184That he is not only plaguèd for her sin,

Editor’s Note185But God hath made her sin and her the plague

Editor’s Note186On this removèd issue, plagued for her,

Editor’s Note187And with her plague; her sin his injury,

Editor’s Note188Her injury, the beadle to her sin;

189All punished in the person of this child,

Editor’s Note190And all for her. A plague upon her!

Editor’s Note191

eleanor Thou unadvisèd scold, I can produce

192A will that bars the title of thy son.


constance Ay who doubts that? A will, a wicked will,

Editor’s Note194A woman's will, a cankered grandam's will!


king phìlippe Peace, lady. Pause, or be more temperate.

Editor’s Note196It ill beseems this presence to cry aim

197To these ill-tunèd repetitïons.

[Trumpet sounds]

198Some trumpet summons hither to the walls

199These men of Angers; let us hear them speak

200Whose title they admit, Arthur's or John's.

Editor’s NoteEnter a Citizen, with others, upon the walls
Editor’s Note201

citizen Who is it that hath warned us to the walls?


king phìlippe 'Tis France, for England.

king john England, for itself.

203You men of Angers, and my loving subjects—


king phìlippe You loving men of Angers, Arthur's subjects,

Editor’s Note205Our trumpet called you to this gentle parle—


king john For our advantage; therefore hear us first.

207These flags of France that are advancèd here

208Before the eye and prospect of your town

209Have hither marched to your endamagement.

210The cannons have their bowels full of wrath,

211And ready mounted are they to spit forth

212Their iron indignation 'gainst your walls.

213All preparation for a bloody siege

214And merciless proceeding by these French

Editor’s Note215Comfort your city's eyes, your winking gates;

216And, but for our approach, those sleeping stones

Editor’s Note217That as a waist doth girdle you about,

Editor’s Note218By the compulsion of their ordinance,

Editor’s Note219By this time from their fixèd beds of lime

Editor’s Note220Had been dishabited, and wide havoc made

221For bloody power to rush upon your peace.

pg 1153222But on the sight of us your lawful king,

Editor’s Note223Who painfully with much expedient march

224Have brought a countercheck before your gates

225To save unscratched your city's threatened cheeks,

Editor’s Note226Behold the French, amazed, vouchsafe a parle;

227And now, instead of bullets wrapped in fire

228To make a shaking fever in your walls,

Editor’s Note229They shoot but calm words folded up in smoke

230To make a faithless error in your ears;

231Which trust accordingly, kind citizens,

Editor’s Note232And let us in, your King, whose laboured spirits,

Editor’s Note233Forwearied in this action of swift speed,

234Craves harborage within your city walls.


king phìlippe When I have said, make answer to us both.

[He raises Arthur's hand]

236Lo, in this right hand, whose protectïon

237Is most divinely vowed upon the right

238Of him it holds, stands young Plantagenet,

Editor’s Note239Son to the elder brother of this man,

240And King o'er him and all that he enjoys.

Editor’s Note241For this downtrodden equity we tread

242In warlike march these greens before your town,

243Being no further enemy to you

Editor’s Note244Than the constraint of hospitable zeal

245In the relief of this oppressèd child

Editor’s Note246Religiously provokes. Be pleasèd then

247To pay that duty which you truly owe

Editor’s Note248To him that owes it, namely this young prince;

249And then our arms, like to a muzzled bear,

Editor’s Note250Save in aspèct, hath all offence sealed up.

251Our cannons' malice vainly shall be spent

252Against th'invulnerable clouds of heaven,

Editor’s Note253And with a blessèd and unvexed retire,

254With unhacked swords and helmets all unbruised,

255We will bear home that lusty blood again

256Which here we came to spout against your town,

257And leave your children, wives, and you in peace.

258But if you fondly pass our proffered offer,

Editor’s Note259'Tis not the roundure of your old-faced walls

Editor’s Note260Can hide you from our messengers of war,

Editor’s Note261Though all these English and their discipline

pg 1154Editor’s Note262Were harboured in their rude circumference.

263Then tell us, shall your city call us lord

Editor’s Note264In that behalf which we have challenged it,

265Or shall we give the signal to our rage,

266And stalk in blood to our possessïon?


citizen In brief, we are the King of England's subjects.

268For him and in his right we hold this town.


king john Acknowledge then the King, and let me in.


citizen That can we not. But he that proves the king,

271To him will we prove loyal; till that time

272Have we rammed up our gates against the world.


king john Doth not the crown of England prove the king?

274And if not that, I bring you witnesses:

275Twice fifteen thousand hearts of England's breed—


bastard [aside] Bastards and else.


king john To verify our title with their lives.


king phìlippe As many and as well-born bloods as those—


bastard [aside] Some bastards too.


king phìlippe Stand in his face to contradict his claim.


citizen Till you compound whose right is worthiest,

282We for the worthiest hold the right from both.


king john Then God forgive the sin of all those souls

284That to their everlasting residence,

285Before the dew of evening fall, shall fleet

286In dreadful trial of our kingdom's king.

Editor’s Note287

king phìlippe Amen, amen! Mount, chevaliers! To arms!

Editor’s Note288

bastard Saint George that swinged the dragon, and ere since

Editor’s Note289Sits on's horseback at mine hostess' door

Editor’s Note290Teach us some fence! [To Austria] Sirrah, were I at home

Editor’s Note291At your den, sirrah, with your lioness,

Editor’s Note292I would set an ox-head to your lion's hide

Editor’s Note293And make a monster of you.

austria Peace, no more.


bastard O, tremble, for you hear the lion roar!


king john Up higher to the plain, where we'll set forth

Editor’s Note296In best appointment all our regiments.

Editor’s Note297

bastard Speed then, to take advantage of the field.

Editor’s Note298

king phìlippe It shall be so, and at the other hill

Editor’s Note299Command the rest to stand. God and our right!

pg 1155Editor’s Note[Flourish and Drums.] Exeunt [French and English.] Editor’s Note[Alarum.] After excursions, enter [from one door] the Herald of France Editor’s Notewith trumpeter to the gates

french herald You men of Angers, open wide your gates

301And let young Arthur Duke of Brittaine in,

Link 302Who, by the hand of France, this day hath made

303Much work for tears in many an English mother,

304Whose sons lie scattered on the bleeding ground;

305Many a widow's husband grovelling lies,

306Coldly embracing the discoloured earth;

307And victory with little loss doth play

308Upon the dancing banners of the French,

Editor’s Note309Who are at hand triumphantly displayed,

310To enter conquerors, and to proclaim

311Arthur of Brittaine England's king and yours.

Editor’s NoteEnter [from another door] English Herald with trumpets

english herald Rejoice, you men of Angers, ring your bells!

313King John, your king and England's, doth approach,

314Commander of this hot malicious day.

315Their armours that marched hence so silver-bright

Editor’s Note316Hither return all gilt with Frenchmen's blood.

Editor’s Note317There stuck no plume in any English crest

318That is removèd by a staff of France;

Editor’s Note319Our colours do return in those same hands

320That did display them when we first marched forth;

Editor’s Note321And like a jolly troop of huntsmen come

322Our lusty English, all with purpled hands

323Dyed in the dying slaughter of their foes.

324Open your gates and give the victors way.

Editor’s Note325

citizen Heralds, from off our towers we might behold,

326From first to last, the onset and retire

327Of both your armies, whose equality

Editor’s Note328By our best eyes cannot be censurèd.

329Blood hath bought blood, and blows have answered blows,

330Strength matched with strength, and power confronted power;

331Both are alike, and both alike we like.

332One must prove greatest. While they weigh so even,

333We hold our town for neither, yet for both.

Editor’s NoteEnter the two Kings with their powers, at several doors: [at one door, King John, Queen Eleanor, Blanche, Philip the Bastard, the Earl of Salisbury, and other English soldiers; at the other door King Phìlippe, Louis the Dauphin, Austria, and other French and soldiers]

king john France, hast thou yet more blood to cast away?

Editor’s Note335Say, shall the current of our right run on,

Editor’s Note336Whose passage, vexed with thy impediment,

pg 1156Editor’s Note337Shall leave his native channel and o'erswell

338With course disturbed even thy confining shores,

339Unless thou let his silver water keep

340A peaceful progress to the ocëan?


king Phìlippe England, thou hast not saved one drop of blood

342In this hot trial more than we of France;

343Rather, lost more. And by this hand I swear,

Editor’s Note344That sways the earth this climate overlooks,

345Before we will lay down our just-borne arms,

346We'll put thee down 'gainst whom these arms we bear,

Editor’s Note347Or add a royal number to the dead,

348Gracing the scroll that tells of this war's loss

349With slaughter coupled to the name of kings.


bastard Ha, majesty, how high thy glory towers

351When the rich blood of kings is set on fire!

Editor’s Note352O, now doth Death line his dread chaps with steel;

353The swords of soldiers are his teeth, his fangs;

Editor’s Note354And now he feasts, mousing the flesh of men

Editor’s Note355In undetermined differences of kings.

Editor’s Note356Why stand these royal fronts amazèd thus?

Editor’s Note357Cry havoc, Kings! Back to the stainèd field,

Editor’s Note358You equal potents, fiery-kindled spirits!

Editor’s Note359Then let confusion of one part confirm

360The other's peace; till then, blows, blood, and death!


king john Whose party do the townsmen yet admit?


king phìlippe Speak, citizens, for England! Who's your king?


citizen The King of England, when we know the King.

Editor’s Note364

king phìlippe Know him in us, that here hold up his right.

Editor’s Note365

king john In us, that are our own great deputy

Editor’s Note366And bear possession of our person here,

Editor’s Note367Lord of our presence, Angers, and of you.


citizen A greater pow'r than we denies all this,

Editor’s Note369And, till it be undoubted, we do lock

370Our former scruple in our strong-barred gates,

Editor’s Note371Kinged of our fear, until our fears resolved

372Be by some certain king, purged and deposed.

Editor’s Note373

bastard By heaven, these scroyles of Angers flout you, Kings,

374And stand securely on their battlements

375As in a theatre, whence they gape and point

376At your industrious scenes and acts of death.

Editor’s Note377Your royal presences be ruled by me.

pg 1157Editor’s Note378Do like the mutines of Jerusalem:

Editor’s Note379Be friends awhile, and both conjointly bend

380Your sharpest deeds of malice on this town.

381By east and west let France and England mount

382Their batt'ring cannon, chargèd to the mouths,

Editor’s Note383Till their soul-fearing clamours have brawled down

Editor’s Note384The flinty ribs of this contemptuous city.

Editor’s Note385I'd play incessantly upon these jades,

Editor’s Note386Even till unfencèd desolatïon

Editor’s Note387Leave them as naked as the vulgar air.

Editor’s Note388That done, dissever your united strengths,

Editor’s Note389And part your mingled colours once again;

390Turn face to face, and bloody point to point.

Editor’s Note391Then in a moment Fortune shall cull forth

Editor’s Note392Out of one side her happy minïon,

Editor’s Note393To whom in favour she shall give the day,

394And kiss him with a glorious victory.

Editor’s Note395How like you this wild counsel, mighty states?

Editor’s Note396Smacks it not something of the policy?


king john Now, by the sky that hangs above our heads,

Editor’s Note398I like it well. [to King Phìlippe] France, shall we knit our pow'rs,

399And lay this Angers even with the ground,

400Then after fight who shall be king of it?


bastard [to King Phìlippe] An if thou hast the mettle of a king,

Editor’s Note402Being wronged as we are by this peevish town—

403Turn thou the mouth of thy artillery,

Editor’s Note404As we will ours, against these saucy walls;

405And when that we have dashed them to the ground,

Editor’s Note406Why, then defy each other, and pell-mell

Editor’s Note407Make work upon ourselves, for heaven or hell.


king phìlippe Let it be so. [To King John] Say, where will you assault?


king john We from the west will send destructïon

Editor’s Note410Into this city's bosom.

austria I from the north.

king phìlippe Our thunder from the south

Editor’s Note411Shall rain their drift of bullets on this town.

Editor’s Note412

bastard [aside] O prudent discipline! From north to south

413Austria and France shoot in each other's mouth.

414I'll stir them to it. [Aloud] Come, away, away!


citizen Hear us, great Kings, vouchsafe awhile to stay,

416And I shall show you peace and fair-faced league.

pg 1158417Win you this city without stroke or wound;

418Rescue those breathing lives to die in beds,

419That here come sacrifices for the field.

Editor’s Note420Persever not, but hear me, mighty Kings.

Editor’s Note421

king john Speak on with favour; we are bent to hear.


citizen That daughter there of Spain, the Lady Blanche,

Editor’s Note423Is niece to England; look upon the years

424Of Louis the Dauphin and that lovely maid.

Editor’s Note425If lusty love should go in quest of beauty,

Link 426Where should he find it fairer than in Blanche?

Editor’s Note427If zealous love should go in search of virtue,

428Where should he find it purer than in Blanche?

429If love ambitious sought a match of birth,

Editor’s Note430Whose veins bound richer blood than Lady Blanche?

431Such as she is in beauty, virtue, birth,

432Is the young Dauphin every way complete;

Editor’s Note433If not complete, O, say he is not she;

Editor’s Note434And she again wants nothing—to name want—

Editor’s Note435If want it be not that she is not he.

436He is the half part of a blessèd man,

437Left to be finishèd by such as she;

438And she a fair divided excellence,

439Whose fullness of perfection lies in him.

440O, two such silver currents when they join

441Do glorify the banks that bound them in,

442And two such shores to two such streams made one,

443Two such controlling bounds, shall you be, Kings,

444To these two princes if you marry them.

445This union shall do more than battery can

446To our fast closèd gates; for at this match,

Editor’s Note447With swifter spleen than powder can enforce,

448The mouth of passage shall we fling wide ope,

449And give you entrance. But without this match

Editor’s Note450The sea enragèd is not half so deaf,

451Lions more confident, mountains and rocks

452More free from motion, no, not Death himself

Editor’s Note453In mortal fury half so peremptory,

Editor’s Note454As we to keep this city.

bastard Here's a stay

455That shakes the rotten carcass of old Death

Editor’s Note456Out of his rags! Here's a large mouth, indeed,

457That spits forth Death and mountains, rocks and seas,

458Talks as familiarly of roaring lions

459As maids of thirteen do of puppy-dogs.

pg 1159460What cannoneer begot this lusty blood?

Editor’s Note461He speaks plain cannon: fire, and smoke, and bounce.

Editor’s Note462He gives the bastinado with his tongue;

463Our ears are cudgelled; not a word of his

464But buffets better than a fist of France.

Editor’s Note465Zounds! I was never so bethumped with words

466Since I first called my brother's father Dad.

Editor’s Note467

eleanor [to King John] Son, list to this conjunction, make this match,

468Give with our niece a dowry large enough;

469For, by this knot thou shalt so surely tie

470Thy now unsured assurance to the crown

Editor’s Note471That yon green boy shall have no sun to ripe

472The bloom that promiseth a mighty fruit.

473I see a yielding in the looks of France;

474Mark how they whisper. Urge them while their souls

Editor’s Note475Are capable of this ambitïon,

Editor’s Note476Lest zeal, now melted by the windy breath

477Of soft petitions, pity, and remorse,

Editor’s Note478Cool and congeal again to what it was.


citizen Why answer not the double majesties

Editor’s Note480This friendly treaty of our threatened town?


king phìlippe Speak England first, that hath been forward first

482To speak unto this city: what say you?


king john If that the Dauphin there, thy princely son,

Editor’s Note484Can in this book of beauty read 'I love',

485Her dowry shall weigh equal with a queen;

486For Anjou and fair Touraine, Maine, Poitou,

487And all that we upon this side the sea—

488Except this city now by us besieged—

Editor’s Note489Find liable to our crown and dignity

490Shall gild her bridal bed and make her rich

491In titles, honours, and promotïons,

492As she in beauty, education, blood,

Editor’s Note493Holds hand with any princess of the world.


king phìlippe [to Louis the Dauphin] What say'st thou, boy? Look in the lady's face.


louis the dauphin I do, my lord, and in her eye I find

496A wonder, or a wondrous miracle,

Editor’s Note497The shadow of myself formed in her eye;

498Which, being but the shadow of your son,

499Becomes a son and makes your son a shadow.

500I do protest, I never loved myself

Editor’s Note501Till now, enfixèd, I beheld myself

Editor’s Note502Drawn in the flattering table of her eye.

[He] whispers with Blanche.
pg 1160 Editor’s Note503

bastard [aside] Drawn in the flattering table of her eye,

504Hanged in the frowning wrinkle of her brow,

Editor’s Note505And quartered in her heart: he doth espy

506Himself love's traitor. This is pity now,

507That hanged and drawn and quartered there should be,

508In such a love, so vile a lout as he.


blanche [to Louis the Dauphin] My uncle's will in this respect is mine.

510If he see aught in you that makes him like,

511That anything he sees which moves his liking

Editor’s Note512I can with ease translate it to my will;

Editor’s Note513Or if you will, to speak more properly,

514I will enforce it easily to my love.

515Further I will not flatter you, my lord,

Editor’s Note516That all I see in you is worthy love,

Editor’s Note517Than this: that nothing do I see in you,

518Though churlish thoughts themselves should be your judge,

519That I can find should merit any hate.


king john What say these young ones? What say you, my niece?

Editor’s Note521

blanche That she is bound in honour still to do

522What you in wisdom still vouchsafe to say.


king john Speak then, Prince Dauphin, can you love this lady?


louis the dauphin Nay, ask me if I can refrain from love,

525For I do love her most unfeignedly.

Editor’s Note526

king john Then do I give Volquessen, Touraine, Maine,

527Poitou, and Anjou, these five provinces

528With her to thee, and this addition more:

Editor’s Note529Full thirty thousand marks of English coin.

530Phìlippe of France, if thou be pleased withal,

531Command thy son and daughter to join hands.

Editor’s Note532

king phìlippe It likes us well. Young princes, close your hands.

Editor’s Note533

austria And your lips too, for I am well assured

534That I did so when I was first assured.

[Louis the Dauphin and Lady Constance kiss]

king phìlippe Now, citizens of Angers, ope your gates.

536Let in that amity which you have made,

Editor’s Note537For at Saint Mary's chapel presently

538The rites of marriage shall be solemnized.

Editor’s Note539Is not the Lady Constance in this troop?


540I know she is not, for this match made up

541Her presence would have interrupted much—


542Where is she and her son, tell me, who knows?

Editor’s Note543

louis the dauphin She is sad and passionate at your highness' tent.


king phìlippe And, by my faith, this league that we have made

545Will give her sadness very little cure.

546Brother of England, how may we content

547This widow lady? In her right we came,

pg 1161548Which we, God knows, have turned another way

549To our own vantage.

king john We will heal up all,

Editor’s Note550For we'll create young Arthur Duke of Brittaine

551And Earl of Richmond, and this rich fair town

Link 552We make him lord of. Call the Lady Constance.

553Some speedy messenger bid her repair

Editor’s Note554To our solemnity. I trust we shall,

555If not fill up the measure of her will,

Editor’s Note556Yet in some measure satisfy her so

Editor’s Note557That we shall stop her exclamatïon.

Editor’s Note558Go we as well as haste will suffer us

Editor’s Note559To this unlooked-for, unpreparèd pomp.

[Flourish.] Exeunt [all but Bastard]
Editor’s Note560

bastard Mad world, mad kings, mad compositïon!

561John, to stop Arthur's title in the whole,

562Hath willingly departed with a part;

563And France, whose armour conscience buckled on,

564Whom zeal and charity brought to the field

Editor’s Note565As God's own soldier, rounded in the ear,

Editor’s Note566With that same purpose-changer, that sly devil,

Editor’s Note567That broker, that still breaks the pate of faith,

Editor’s Note568That daily break-vow, he that wins of all,

569Of kings, of beggars, old men, young men, maids,—

Editor’s Note570Who having no external thing to lose

Editor’s Note571But the word 'maid', cheats the poor maid of that—

Editor’s Note572That smooth-faced gentleman, tickling commodity;

Editor’s Note573Commodity, the bias of the world,

Editor’s Note574The world who of itself is peisèd well,

575Made to run even upon even ground,

576Till this advantage, this vile-drawing bias,

Editor’s Note577This sway of motion, this commodity,

Editor’s Note578Makes it take head from all indifferency,

579From all direction, purpose, course, intent.

580And this same bias, this commodity,

581This bawd, this broker, this all-changing-word,

Editor’s Note582Clapped on the outward eye of fickle France,

Editor’s Note583Hath drawn him from his own determined aid,

pg 1162584From a resolved and honourable war,

585To a most base and vile-concluded peace.

586And why rail I on this commodity?

Editor’s Note587But for because he hath not wooed me yet—

Editor’s Note588Not that I have the power to clutch my hand

Editor’s Note589When his fair angels would salute my palm,

Editor’s Note590But for my hand, as unattempted yet,

591Like a poor beggar raileth on the rich.

592Well, whiles I am a beggar I will rail,

593And say there is no sin but to be rich,

594And being rich, my virtue then shall be

595To say there is no vice but beggary.

Editor’s Note596Since kings break faith upon commodity,

597Gain be my lord, for I will worship thee.


Notes Settings


Editor’s Note
2.1.title The rear of the stage balcony may represent the city wall; the Citizen's entrance 'upon the walls' is likely the upper stage. Below the upper stage, central tiring-house doors would probably represent the gates of Angers. These remain closed; the French and English armies appear from side entrances.
Editor’s Note
2.1.0 Constance probably wearing a crown or coronet, befitting a would-be queen mother.
Editor’s Note Brittaine (the north-west peninsula of what is now France)
Editor’s Note lion skin (that of Richard Cœur-de-lion, whom he is rumoured to have killed; compare 1.1.241–2)
Editor’s Note
2.1.1 Before … Austria Austria may enter to greet the King.
Editor’s Note
2.1.2–3 Arthur … Richard Arthur was Richard's nephew.
Editor’s Note
2.1.4 the holy wars i.e. the Third Crusade
Editor’s Note
2.1.5 this brave duke Austria, who killed Richard
Editor’s Note
2.1.7 importance importunity, urgent request
Editor’s Note
2.1.8 colours banners, battle ensigns
Editor’s Note
2.1.8 in on
Editor’s Note
2.1.8 colours … behalf King Phìlippe turns or gestures to Arthur.
Editor’s Note
2.1.9 usurpatïon (rhyming with 'John')
Editor’s Note
2.1.10 unnatural usurping 'natural' succession; cruel, unlike a true relative
Editor’s Note
2.1.12 God … death Macready had Arthur cross to Austria; possibly a greeting or embrace here or at 2.1.15.
Editor’s Note
2.1.13 The rather that all the more readily because
Editor’s Note
2.1.14 Shadowing sheltering, protecting and perhaps, ironically, 'concealing'
Editor’s Note
2.1.18 A noble … right? Sometimes spoken by King Phìlippe; 'A' may be 'Ah'.
Editor’s Note
2.1.20 indenture contract
Editor’s Note
2.1.23 pale enclosed area (hence 'coops', 'hedged in', 'water-wallèd bulwark' in 2.1.25–7); wan (anticipating 'white-faced')
Editor’s Note
2.1.23 white-faced shore (alluding to chalk cliffs)
Editor’s Note
2.1.24 Whose foot (i.e. of the cliffs; continues the anthropomorphic image of 'white-faced')
Editor’s Note
2.1.25 coops encloses for protection
Editor’s Note
2.1.26 main ocean
Editor’s Note
2.1.34 more greater
Editor’s Note
2.1.37 bent aimed
Editor’s Note
2.1.38 brows i.e. walls (the first of a series of images in this scene comparing the walled town with a face)
Editor’s Note
2.1.39 discipline military skill
Editor’s Note
2.1.40 cull … advantages pick the position of greatest advantage (for the cannons)
Editor’s Note
2.1.41 lay … bones i.e. (if necessary) die here
Editor’s Note
2.1.45 unadvised rashly
Editor’s Note
2.1.49 indirectly wrongfully, unfairly
Editor’s Note Enter Châtillon Macready had a trumpet herald Châtillon's entrance (with six French barons), with everyone onstage turning to the sound, and Châtillon and company staying at the back of the stage.
Editor’s Note
2.1.52 England i.e. the King of England
Editor’s Note
2.1.53 coldly calmly
Editor’s Note
2.1.58 stayed awaited
Editor’s Note
2.1.60 expedient speedy
Editor’s Note
2.1.63 Ate (Greek goddess of mischief and destruction)
Editor’s Note
2.1.66 unsettled humours men of discontented spirits; 'masterless men' of no fixed abode. The soldiers are seen as 'humours' (physical elements of the body affecting temperament) discharged from the body of England.
Editor’s Note
2.1.67 inconsiderate imprudent
Editor’s Note
2.1.67 voluntaries volunteers
Editor’s Note
2.1.68 With ladies' faces i.e. beardless youths
Editor’s Note
2.1.68 spleens tempers
Editor’s Note
2.1.69 fortunes means of livelihood, the 'birthrights' of 2.1.70
Editor’s Note
2.1.70 their birthrights … backs i.e. in the form of armour bought by selling their land. 'All his wardrobe is on his back' is proverbial.
Editor’s Note
2.1.73 bottoms hulls, i.e. ships
Editor’s Note
2.1.75 scathe damage
Editor’s Note Drum beats At some point during Châtillon's speech, the English march begins to be heard. Macready began it at 2.1.64.
Editor’s Note
2.1.77 circumstance non-essential details
Editor’s Note
2.1.77–8 They … prepare (could be phrased 'They … fight; therefore prepare.')
Editor’s Note
2.1.79 expedition military force; speed
Editor’s Note
2.1.82 courage … occasïon (proverbial)
Editor’s Note
2.1.85 lineal due by right of succession
Editor’s Note
2.1.85 our own i.e. Angiers
Editor’s Note
2.1.95 underwrought undermined
Editor’s Note
2.1.96 Cut … posterity broken the line of succession
Editor’s Note
2.1.97 Outfacèd defied
Editor’s Note
2.1.97 state majesty (i.e. Arthur's)
Editor’s Note
2.1.99 Look here presenting Arthur to the English retinue
Editor’s Note
2.1.101 abstract précis, summary (i.e. of the 'volume' of 2.1.103)
Editor’s Note
2.1.101 large (elliptical for 'full version')
Editor’s Note
2.1.103 brief summary, abstract
Editor’s Note
2.1.105 England … right (compare note to 1.1.8)
Editor’s Note
2.1.106 Geoffrey's his son and heir (indicating Arthur); or his right (indicating the town)
Editor’s Note
2.1.106 this pointing to Angers, to John's crown, or to Arthur.
Editor’s Note
2.1.111 articles charges
Editor’s Note
2.1.112 supernal heavenly
Editor’s Note
2.1.113 authority i.e. from God (the usual Elizabethan justification of monarchy)
Editor’s Note
2.1.116 impeach challenge, accuse
Editor’s Note
2.1.119 Excuse … down i.e. my (so-called) usurpation is excusable because I am using it to put down (real) usurpation
Editor’s Note
2.1.122 Out begone
Editor’s Note
2.1.123 That … world (alluding to chess, in which the queen is much more powerful than the king)
Editor’s Note
2.1.127–8 as like … devil to his dam (a proverbial commonplace)
Editor’s Note
2.1.128 dam mother
Editor’s Note
2.1.132 blots disgraces (but in 2.1.133, the sense is probably 'obliterate', 'destroy')
Editor’s Note
2.1.134 crier (an officer in a law court who calls for order)
Editor’s Note
2.1.136 your hide i.e. the lion-skin (which, a memento of his father's death, antagonizes the Bastard)
Editor’s Note
2.1.137 hare (symbol of cowardice)
Editor’s Note
2.1.138 plucks … by the beard (an insult)
Editor’s Note
2.1.139 smoke your skin-coat thrash your hide (alluding to the lion-skin, possibly in the sense 'smoke you out of the fur') There may be a 'smoke'/'smock' pun, suggesting 'emasculate, make a smock of'.
Editor’s Note
2.1.141 he i.e. Richard Cœur-de-Lion
Editor’s Note
2.1.144 Alcides' shows i.e. the lion-skin of Hercules would appear (alluding to his legendary size and strength, and to the proverbial 'An ass in a lion's skin'); punning on 'shoes' (Hercules' shoes were a common subject of allusion); 'Alcides' [the subject] shows' (verb = 'appears')
Editor’s Note
2.1.146 that that which
Editor’s Note
2.1.147 cracker booster; firework
Editor’s Note
2.1.160–3 Do … grandam (sarcastic baby-talk)
Editor’s Note
2.1.160 it its (a normal Shakespearean genitive)
Editor’s Note
2.1.160–3 Do … grandam May be spoken in an infantile inflection to Arthur; in some modern productions spoken angrily to Eleanor, with a vulgar gesture at 'fig'.
Editor’s Note
2.1.162 a fig punningly suggesting the obscene and contemptuous gesture with the thumb pushed between the second and third fingers (expressing, Constance suggests, Eleanor's attitude to Arthur)
Editor’s Note
2.1.165 coil commotion
Editor’s Note
2.1.169 pearls (a commonplace image for 'tears' as is 'crystal beads' at 2.1.171)
Editor’s Note
2.1.170 in nature as a kind
Editor’s Note
2.1.176 dominations sovereignty, dominions
Editor’s Note
2.1.176 royalties royal powers, realms
Editor’s Note
2.1.179–82 Thy … womb echoes the words of the Second Commandment (Exodus 20:5): 'and visit the sin of the fathers upon the children' (Bishops' Bible)
Editor’s Note
2.1.179 visited punished, avenged (biblical)
Editor’s Note
2.1.180 canon of the law biblical decree
Editor’s Note
2.1.182 sin-conceiving womb (implying sexual infidelity, i.e. the conception of John)
Editor’s Note
2.1.183 Bedlam lunatic
Editor’s Note
2.1.185 her sin i.e. John: issue of her sin; her sinful offspring
Editor’s Note
2.1.186 removèd issue offspring of the second generation (i.e. Arthur)
Editor’s Note
2.1.186–7 plagued … plague punished because of and by her punishment (i.e. John)
Editor’s Note
2.1.187 injury harmful action
Editor’s Note
2.1.188 beadle parish constable (who whipped petty criminals)
Editor’s Note
2.1.190 for because of
Editor’s Note
2.1.191 unadvisèd rash
Editor’s Note
2.1.194 woman's will testament influenced by a woman (it being illegal for women to make wills themselves); a woman's wish, desire (as in proverbial 'A woman will have her will')
Editor’s Note
2.1.196 presence assembly
Editor’s Note
2.1.196 cry aim give encouragement (a term from archery)
Editor’s Note Enter a citizen The citizen may be Hubert, and may be accompanied by other citizens.
Editor’s Note
2.1.201 warned summoned
Editor’s Note
2.1.205 parle parley
Editor’s Note
2.1.215 winking closed (as eyes in sleep)
Editor’s Note
2.1.217 waist girdle
Editor’s Note
2.1.218 ordinance artillery
Editor’s Note
2.1.219 fixèd beds of lime cemented foundations ('beds' continuing the imagery of sleep)
Editor’s Note
2.1.220 dishabited dislodged
Editor’s Note
2.1.223 painfully laboriously
Editor’s Note
2.1.223 expedient hurried
Editor’s Note
2.1.226 amazed terrified, astonished
Editor’s Note
2.1.229 folded up in smoke wrapped up in deceit (loosely following the metaphor of shooting)
Editor’s Note
2.1.232 spirits (plural subject of 'Craves', influenced by 'King')
Editor’s Note
2.1.233 Forwearied tried out
Editor’s Note
2.1.239 this man i.e. John
Editor’s Note
2.1.241 equity right
Editor’s Note
2.1.244 constraint necessity
Editor’s Note
2.1.244 hospitable zeal i.e. zealous and hospitable aid
Editor’s Note
2.1.246 Religiously as a religious duty
Editor’s Note
2.1.248 owes possesses
Editor’s Note
2.1.250–1 Save … spent (because the cannons, once loaded, must be fired)
Editor’s Note
2.1.250 Save in aspèct (could qualify the preceding or following phrase)
Editor’s Note
2.1.250 aspèct appearance
Editor’s Note
2.1.250 hath will have
Editor’s Note
2.1.250 offence aggressive intent
Editor’s Note
2.1.253 unvexed unmolested
Editor’s Note
2.1.253 retire retreat
Editor’s Note
2.1.259 roundure roundness (i.e. without vulnerable angles and corners)
Editor’s Note
2.1.260 messengers of war i.e. cannon-balls
Editor’s Note
2.1.261 discipline military skill
Editor’s Note
2.1.262 rude rough, rugged
Editor’s Note
2.1.264 In that behalf which with regard to which (claim); or on behalf of him for whom
Editor’s Note
2.1.287 chevaliers horsemen
Editor’s Note
2.1.287 Mount … arms.! A flourish may sound here; both armies may begin to stir.
Editor’s Note
2.1.288–9 Saint … door The idea that Saint George is 'ever on a horseback, yet never rides' is proverbial.
Editor’s Note
2.1.288 swinged thrashed
Editor’s Note
2.1.289 at mine hostess' door i.e. on an inn sign
Editor’s Note
2.1.290 fence swordsmanship
Editor’s Note
2.1.291 lioness (punning on the colloquial meaning, 'whore')
Editor’s Note
2.1.292 ox-head i.e. the horns of a cuckold
Editor’s Note
2.1.293 monster prodigious creature, freak (probably alluding to the expression 'A cuckold is a monster')
Editor’s Note
2.1.296 appointment equipment
Editor’s Note
2.1.297 advantage of the field the best battle positions
Editor’s Note
2.1.298–9 It … stand This concludes an unheard conversation in parallel with John's.
Editor’s Note
2.1.299 God and our right (an English royal motto)
Editor’s Note Flourish … English Citizens probably remain onstage; 'The Citizens seem to watch the battle from the walls' (Macready).
Editor’s Note Alarum (offstage noises indicating a battle, probably including drums and trumpet signals)
Editor’s Note excursions onstage skirmishes
Editor’s Note with trumpeter The original probably erroneously calls for 'trumpets', but only one trumpet is called for at 2.1.311.1. Directors have used more than one (Macready specifies two, who 'sound before the herald speaks'), and other French attendants may arrive with the herald.
Editor’s Note
2.1.309 displayed arrayed (or 'triumphantly displayed' may refer back to the 'banners')
Editor’s Note
2.1.311.1 with trumpet As with the French attendant, multiple trumpeters and attendants may accompany the English herald.
Editor’s Note
2.1.316 gilt Blood was often described as gold-coloured.
Editor’s Note
2.1.317 crest (i.e. of a helmet)
Editor’s Note
2.1.319 colours banners
Editor’s Note
2.1.321–2 like … hands After a kill, huntsmen would smear their hands in the beast's blood.
Editor’s Note
2.1.325 might could
Editor’s Note
2.1.325 citizen may be a new character named 'Hubert', or the same citizen as earlier.
Editor’s Note
2.1.328 censurèd differentiated
Editor’s Note
2.1.333.1 powers armies
Editor’s Note
2.1.333.1 with their powers presumably their attendants/soldiers, but excluding Arthur and Constance.
Editor’s Note
2.1.335–40 shall … ocëan proverbial: 'A current stopped swells the higher'
Editor’s Note
2.1.336 vexed with disturbed by
Editor’s Note
2.1.337 native channel nominal course
Editor’s Note
2.1.337 o'erswell inundate
Editor’s Note
2.1.344 climate i.e. part of the sky
Editor’s Note
2.1.347 royal number (i.e. himself)
Editor’s Note
2.1.352–5 O … kings an elaboration of the proverb 'Death devours all things'
Editor’s Note
2.1.352 dread chaps frightening jaws
Editor’s Note
2.1.352 steel i.e. armour
Editor’s Note
2.1.354 mousing tearing and biting (as a cat does a mouse)
Editor’s Note
2.1.355 undetermined differences unresolved disputes
Editor’s Note
2.1.356 fronts faces, expressions
Editor’s Note
2.1.356 amazèd perplexed
Editor’s Note
2.1.357 Cry havoc i.e. give the signal for slaughter
Editor’s Note
2.1.358 equal i.e. perfectly balanced in power
Editor’s Note
2.1.358 potents potentates, rulers
Editor’s Note
2.1.359 confusion overthrow, destruction
Editor’s Note
2.1.359 part side
Editor’s Note
2.1.364 us me (the royal plural)
Editor’s Note
2.1.365 deputy representative
Editor’s Note
2.1.366 bear possession of our person am my own master
Editor’s Note
2.1.367 our presence i.e. myself
Editor’s Note
2.1.369 undoubted resolved
Editor’s Note
2.1.371 Kinged of ruled by
Editor’s Note
2.1.371-2 resolved| Be are answered
Editor’s Note
2.1.373 scroyles scoundrels
Editor’s Note
2.1.377 presences persons
Editor’s Note
2.1.378 mutines warring factions (those 'of Jerusalem' temporarily united against besieging Roman forces in ce 70)
Editor’s Note
2.1.379 conjointly together
Editor’s Note
2.1.383 soul-fearing terrifying
Editor’s Note
2.1.383 brawled down overthrown in an uproar
Editor’s Note
2.1.384 flinty ribs i.e. walls
Editor’s Note
2.1.385 play … upon fire at; torment, play with (like 'mousing' at 2.1.354)
Editor’s Note
2.1.385 jades miserable creatures
Editor’s Note
2.1.386 unfencèd unwalled
Editor’s Note
2.1.387 vulgar common
Editor’s Note
2.1.388 dissever separate
Editor’s Note
2.1.389 colours banners
Editor’s Note
2.1.391 cull choose
Editor’s Note
2.1.392 minïon darling
Editor’s Note
2.1.393 the day i.e. victory
Editor’s Note
2.1.395 states rulers
Editor’s Note
2.1.396 Smacks savours
Editor’s Note
2.1.396 the policy political cunning
Editor’s Note
2.1.398 knit join
Editor’s Note
2.1.402 peevish obstinate
Editor’s Note
2.1.404 saucy presumptuous
Editor’s Note
2.1.406 pell-mell headlong
Editor’s Note
2.1.407 for on behalf of; or the destination of
Editor’s Note
2.1.410 thunder i.e. cannon
Editor’s Note
2.1.411 drift shower
Editor’s Note
2.1.412 discipline tactics
Editor’s Note
2.1.412–14 O prudent … it. to King John, or aside.
Editor’s Note
2.1.420 Persever persevere
Editor’s Note
2.1.421 bent inclined, disposed
Editor’s Note
2.1.423 years ages (i.e. youth)
Editor’s Note
2.1.425 lusty vigorous, passionate
Editor’s Note
2.1.427 zealous earnest, pious (contrasted with 'lusty' at 2.1.425)
Editor’s Note
2.1.430 bound contain
Editor’s Note
2.1.433 complete i.e. perfect in them
Editor’s Note
2.1.433 say he is not she i.e. say that he is not complete only in that he is not actually Blanche
Editor’s Note
2.1.434 again in her turn
Editor’s Note
2.1.434 to name want i.e. if I must mention imperfection
Editor’s Note
2.1.435 If want it be not i.e. if we allow that it is no imperfection
Editor’s Note
2.1.447 spleen passion
Editor’s Note
2.1.450 The … deaf (Stormy seas were proverbially deaf to entreaties.)
Editor’s Note
2.1.453 peremptory resolved
Editor’s Note
2.1.454 stay obstacle; cessation of hostility; arrest (Death perhaps seen as a beggar or debtor)
Editor’s Note
2.1.454 As we … city The French contingent huddles together to discuss Hubert's proposal (see 2.1.474). They do not hear the next two speeches.
Editor’s Note
2.1.454-66 Here's a stay … Dad Perhaps aside to the audience, or within earshot of only the English contingent.
Editor’s Note
2.1.456 mouth (wordplay on the 'mouth' of a cannon)
Editor’s Note
2.1.461 bounce bang
Editor’s Note
2.1.462 the bastinado a beating
Editor’s Note
2.1.465 Zounds (an oath)
Editor’s Note
2.1.467 conjunction i.e. proposition for an alliance
Editor’s Note
2.1.467–78 Son, list … what it was Constance may speak only to King John, or to the English contingent.
Editor’s Note
2.1.471 green unripe (i.e. young)
Editor’s Note
2.1.475 capable of susceptible to
Editor’s Note
2.1.476 zeal (here perhaps 'unfeeling determination', characterized as usually frozen)
Editor’s Note
2.1.478 congeal freeze
Editor’s Note
2.1.480 treaty entreaty, proposal
Editor’s Note
2.1.484 book of beauty i.e. Blanche
Editor’s Note
2.1.489 liable subject
Editor’s Note
2.1.493 Hold hands with i.e. is equal to
Editor’s Note
2.1.497–8 The shadow … shadow Dauphin speaks in elaborate clichés of courtly love poetry: the conceit is common, as is the sun/son wordplay.
Editor’s Note
2.1.497 shadow reflected image
Editor’s Note
2.1.501 enfixèd imprinted
Editor’s Note
2.1.502 table i.e. surface on which a picture is painted
Editor’s Note
2.1.503–5 Drawn … quartered Alludes to the punishment of being hanged, drawn (disembowelled), and quartered for treason.
Editor’s Note
2.1.505 quartered lodged (a poeticism); cut in pieces (see previous note)
Editor’s Note
2.1.512 will wish
Editor’s Note
2.1.513 properly precisely
Editor’s Note
2.1.516 worthy deserving of
Editor’s Note
2.1.517 Than this (taking up 'Further' at 2.1.515)
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2.1.521 still always
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2.1.526 Volquessen (modern Vexin, north-west of Paris)
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2.1.529 marks A mark was worth two-thirds of a pound.
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2.1.532 close your hands Blanche and Louis may join hands here, and kiss after Austria's direction in the following line.
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2.1.533 assured betrothed
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2.1.537 presently immediately
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2.1.539 Is not … troop? After announcing the wedding, Phìlippe looks for Constance, who either did not re-enter at 2.1.333, or entered there but moved offstage at some point, perhaps during Hubert's speech suggesting the marriage.
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2.1.543 passionate sorrowful
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2.1.550 Duke of Brittaine (an inconsistency, as Arthur evidently already holds this title)
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2.1.554 solemnity ceremony (of marriage)
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2.1.556 so in such a way
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2.1.557 exclamatïon loud reproaches
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2.1.558 suffer allow
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2.1.559 unlooked-for unexpected
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2.1.559 pomp feast, ceremony
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2.1.560 compositïon treaty
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2.1.565 rounded whispered to
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2.1.566 With by
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2.1.567 broker go-between, procurer (leading to word-play in 'breaks' and 'break-vow')
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2.1.567 breaks the pate cracks the skull (giving colloquial vigour to 'breaks … faith')
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2.1.568 wins of prevails over
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2.1.570 Who i.e. commodity ('Who … cheats'); 'Who, having …'
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2.1.570 external material; antonym of 'internal'
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2.1.571 the word 'maid' i.e. virginity (the only 'commodity' a poor girl could offer in marriage)
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2.1.572 smooth-faced blond and plausible
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2.1.572 tickling titillating, cajoling
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2.1.572 commodity self-interest, profit-seeking (literally, that which translates everything into its tradeable value)
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2.1.573 bias (literally, in the game of bowls, the off-centre weight of a bowl which causes it to veer from a straight course)
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2.1.574 peisèd balanced, weighted
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2.1.577 sway of motion a swerve in direction in course
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2.1.578 take head rush away, break from control (term of horsemanship)
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2.1.578 indifferency impartiality
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2.1.582 Clapped on the outward eye suddenly catching the eye; fixed in the hole on the outer edge (of a bowl)
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2.1.582 outward eye (as opposed to the inward eye of conscience)
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2.1.583 aid (i.e. for Arthur)
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2.1.587 But for only
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2.1.588 clutch (i.e. clench in refund)
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2.1.589 angels gold coins (with a quibble)
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2.1.589 salute kiss; greet (as in an angel's 'salutation')
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2.1.590 for because
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2.1.590 unattempted not being tempted
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2.1.596 upon on account of
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