Gary Taylor, John Jowett, Terri Bourus, and Gabriel Egan (eds), The New Oxford Shakespeare: Modern Critical Edition

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1.1Sc. 1

Editor’s NoteEnter Orlando and Adam
Link 1

orlando As I remember, Adam, it was upon this fashion bequeathed Editor’s Note2me by will but poor a thousand crowns, and, as thou sayst, charged my Editor’s Note3brother on his blessing to breed me well. And there begins my sadness. Editor’s Note4My brother Jaques he keeps at school, and report speaks goldenly of Editor’s Note5his profit. For my part, he keeps me rustically at home, or, to speak more Editor’s Note6properly, stays me here at home unkept—for call you that keeping for a pg 1694Editor’s Note7gentleman of my birth, that differs not from the stalling of an ox? His Editor’s Note8horses are bred better, for besides that they are fair with their feeding, Editor’s Note9they are taught their manège, and to that end riders dearly hired. But 10I, his brother, gain nothing under him but growth, for the which his Editor’s Note11animals on his dunghills are as much bound to him as I. Besides this 12nothing that he so plentifully gives me, the something that nature gave Editor’s Note13me, his countenance seems to take from me. He lets me feed with Editor’s Note14his hinds, bars me the place of a brother, and, as much as in him lies, 15mines my gentility with my education. This is it, Adam, that grieves 16me; and the spirit of my father, which I think is within me, begins to 17mutiny against this servitude. I will no longer endure it, though yet I 18know no wise remedy how to avoid it.

Enter Oliver
19

adam Yonder comes my master, your brother.

Editor’s Note20

orlando Go apart, Adam, and thou shalt hear how he will shake 21me up.

Editor’s Note[Adam stands aside]
Editor’s Note22

oliver Now, sir, what make you here?

23

orlando Nothing. I am not taught to make anything.

24

oliver What mar you then, sir?

Editor’s Note25

orlando Marry, sir, I am helping you to mar that which God made—a 26poor, unworthy brother of yours—with idleness.

Editor’s Note27

oliver Marry sir, be better employed, and be nought a while.

28

orlando Shall I keep your hogs, and eat husks with them? What Editor’s Note29prodigal portion have I spent that I should come to such penury?

30

oliver Know you where you are, sir?

31

orlando O sir, very well; here in your orchard.

32

oliver Know you before whom, sir?

33

orlando Ay, better than him I am before knows me. I know you are Editor’s Note34my eldest brother, and in the gentle condition of blood you should so Editor’s Note35know me. The courtesy of nations allows you my better, in that you are Editor’s Note36the first-born, but the same tradition takes not away my blood, were 37there twenty brothers betwixt us. I have as much of my father in me as Editor’s Note38you, albeit I confess your coming before me is nearer to his reverence.

Editor’s Note39

oliver What, boy?

Editor’s Note40

orlando Come, come, elder brother, you are too young in this.

41

oliver Wilt thou lay hands on me, villain?

pg 1695 Editor’s Note42

orlando I am no villein. I am the youngest son of Sir Rowland de Bois. 43He was my father, and he is thrice a villain that says such a father begot 44villeins. Wert thou not my brother, I would not take this hand from thy 45throat till this other had pulled out thy tongue for saying so. Thou hast Editor’s Note46railed on thyself.

Editor’s Note47

adam Sweet masters, be patient. For your father's remembrance, be at 48accord.

49

oliver [to Orlando] Let me go, I say.

50

orlando I will not till I please. You shall hear me. My father charged 51you in his will to give me good education; you have trained me like a Editor’s Note52peasant, obscuring and hiding from me all gentleman-like qualities. The 53spirit of my father grows strong in me, and I will no longer endure it. Editor’s Note54Therefore allow me such exercises as may become a gentleman, or give Editor’s Note55me the poor allottery my father left me by testament; with that I will Editor’s Note56go buy my fortunes.

57

oliver And what wilt thou do—beg when that is spent? Well sir, get 58you in. I will not long be troubled with you. You shall have some part 59of your will. I pray you, leave me.

Editor’s Note60

orlando I will no further offend you than becomes me for my good.

61

oliver [to Adam] Get you with him, you old dog.

62

adam Is 'old dog' my reward? Most true, I have lost my teeth in your 63service. God be with my old master; he would not have spoke such a 64word.

Exeunt Orlando and Adam
Editor’s Note65

oliver Is it even so, begin you to grow upon me? I will physic your Editor’s Note66rankness, and yet give no thousand crowns neither. Holla, Denis!

Enter Denis
67

denis Calls your worship?

68

oliver Was not Charles, the Duke's wrestler, here to speak with me?

Editor’s Note69

denis So please you, he is here at the door and importunes access to you.

Editor’s Note70

oliver Call him in.

[Exit Denis]

71'Twill be a good way, and tomorrow the wrestling is.

Enter Charles
72

charles Good morrow to your worship.

73

oliver Good Monsieur Charles. What's the new news at the new court?

74

charles There's no news at the court, sir, but the old news: that is, the 75old Duke is banished by his younger brother the new Duke, and three or Link 76four loving lords have put themselves into voluntary exile with him, 77whose lands and revenues enrich the new Duke; therefore he gives them Editor’s Note78good leave to wander.

79

oliver Can you tell if Rosalind, the Duke's daughter, be banished with 80her father?

81

charles O no; for the Duke's daughter, her cousin, so loves her, being 82ever from their cradles bred together, that she would have followed Editor’s Note83her exile, or have died to stay behind her. She is at the court, and pg 169684no less beloved of her uncle than his own daughter, and never two 85ladies loved as they do.

86

oliver Where will the old Duke live?

Editor’s Note87

charles They say he is already in the Forest of Ardenne, and a many Editor’s Note88merry men with him; and there they live like the old Robin Hood of 89England. They say many young gentlemen flock to him every day, and Editor’s Note90fleet the time carelessly as they did in the golden world.

91

oliver What, you wrestle tomorrow before the new Duke?

92

charles Marry do I, sir, and I came to acquaint you with a matter: 93I am given, sir, secretly to understand that your younger brother, 94Orlando, hath a disposition to come in disguised against me to try a Editor’s Note95fall. Tomorrow, sir, I wrestle for my credit, and he that escapes me Editor’s Note96without some broken limb, shall acquit him well. Your brother is Editor’s Note97but young and tender, and for your love I would be loath to foil him, 98as I must for my own honour if he come in. Therefore out of my love Editor’s Note99to you I came hither to acquaint you withal, that either you might stay Editor’s Note100him from his intendment, or brook such disgrace well as he shall run 101into, in that it is a thing of his own search, and altogether against 102my will.

103

oliver Charles, I thank thee for thy love to me, which thou shalt find I Editor’s Note104will most kindly requite. I had myself notice of my brother's purpose Editor’s Note105herein, and have by underhand means laboured to dissuade him 106from it, but he is resolute. I'll tell thee, Charles, it is the stubbornest Editor’s Note107young fellow of France—full of ambition, an envious emulator of every Editor’s Note108man's good parts, a secret and villainous contriver against me his Editor’s Note109natural brother. Therefore use thy discretion; I had as lief thou didst 110break his neck as his finger. And thou wert best look to 't; for if thou Editor’s Note111dost him any slight disgrace, or if he do not mightily grace himself Editor’s Note112on thee, he will practise against thee by poison, entrap thee by some Editor’s Note113treacherous device, and never leave thee till he hath ta'en thy life by 114some indirect means or other. For I assure thee—and almost with tears 115I speak it—there is not one so young and so villainous this day living. Editor’s Note116I speak but brotherly of him, but should I anatomize him to thee as Editor’s Note117he is, I must blush and weep, and thou must look pale and wonder.

118

charles I am heartily glad I came hither to you. If he come tomorrow, Editor’s Note119I'll give him his payment; if ever he go alone again, I'll never wrestle 120for prize more. And so God keep your worship.

pg 1697 121

oliver Farewell, good Charles.

Exit [Charles]

Editor’s Note122Now will I stir this gamester. I hope I shall see an end of him, for 123my soul—yet I know not why—hates nothing more than he. Yet he's Editor’s Note124gentle, never schooled, and yet learned, full of noble device, of all Editor’s Note125sorts enchantingly beloved, and indeed so much in the heart of the 126world, and especially of my own people, who best know him, that I am Editor’s Note127altogether misprized. But it shall not be so long. This wrestler shall clear Editor’s Note128all. Nothing remains but that I kindle the boy thither, which now I'll 129go about.

Exit

Notes Settings

Notes

Editor’s Note
1.1.0 The first scene takes place in the orchard (l. 31) of Oliver's house, in the vicinity of Duke Frederick's court.
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1.1.0 Adam According to an eighteenth-century stage tradition, Adam was originally played by Shakespeare.
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1.1.2 but poor a no more than, 'a miserable'
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1.1.2 crowns Coins worth five shillings apiece. Orlando's legacy is twice as much as Adam's life savings (2.3.38).
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1.1.2–3 charged my brother gave my brother the responsibility, (it was) laid to the charge of
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1.1.3 on his blessing as a condition of receiving our father's blessing
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1.1.3 breed bring up, educate
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1.1.4 Jaques Jaques de Bois, the middle son of Sir Rowland de Bois, who appears in 5.4
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1.1.4 school university
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1.1.5 profit progress
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1.1.5 keeps me rustically maintains me as if I were a country bumpkin
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1.1.6 stays detains
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1.1.6 unkept uncared for
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1.1.7 stalling keeping in a stall
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1.1.8–9 fair with in fine condition as a result of
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1.1.9 manège actions and paces
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1.1.9 riders riding-masters, horse-trainers
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1.1.9 dearly at great expense
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1.1.11 bound indebted
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1.1.13 countenance (dismissive) behaviour (behaviour as a result of his) attitude
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1.1.14 hinds servants, farm-labourers
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1.1.14 bars me keeps me from
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1.1.14–5 as … education so far as he can, undermines the advantages that I derive from my high birth by the way I am brought up
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1.1.20 Go apart stand aside
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1.1.20–1 shake me up insult me
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1.1.21.1 Adam stands aside perhaps obscuring himself from Oliver.
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1.1.22 make do (Orlando puns in his reply)
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1.1.25 Marry (a corruption of 'by [the Virgin] Mary', punning on 'mar')
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1.1.27 be nought be off, 'get lost'
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1.1.29 prodigal portion prodigal's share ('prodigal' = wasteful; alluding to the parable of the Prodigal Son, who, after spending his share of his father's fortune, 'would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine ate', Luke 15:16, Geneva version)
Editor’s Note
1.1.34–5 in the… blood if you behave as befits the noble parentage that we have in common
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1.1.35 know acknowledge, recognize
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1.1.35–6 courtesy of nations custom among civilized peoples
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1.1.35 allows you recognizes that you are
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1.1.36 blood parentage
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1.1.38 your … reverence your being the elder makes you more worthy of the respect due to him
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1.1.39–41 What … villain? Oliver and Orlando physically attack one another. Oliver's 'What, boy?' may be his cue to do so; Orlando's 'take this hand from thy throat' suggests he chokes Oliver, although having him use a wrestling hold would be clever foreshadowing.
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1.1.40 young in this inexperienced in fighting
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1.1.42 villein serf; person of low birth (punning on 'villain')
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1.1.42 de Bois ('de Boys' in the First Folio; Shakespeare may have expected the pronunciation to be anglicized, but evidently thought of it as a French name)
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1.1.46 railed on abused (by insulting your father's offspring)
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1.1.47 at accord reconciled
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1.1.47 Sweet … patient If Adam has hidden from Oliver, he may reveal himself here.
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1.1.52 qualities accomplishments
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1.1.54 exercises educational and recreational pursuits
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1.1.55 allottery share, portion (see 1.1.4–5)
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1.1.56 buy my fortunes purchase a livelihood
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1.1.60 becomes me what I deem necessary
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1.1.60–1 I … good Orlando should have released Oliver by now.
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1.1.65 grow upon me grow up too fast; take liberties with me
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1.1.65 physic treat (medicinally, perhaps with a sense of 'let blood')
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1.1.66 rankness presumption, foulness; overgrowth, or overrichness (of blood)
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1.1.69 door (the orchard is walled)
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1.1.69 importunes urgently asks; begs
Editor’s Note
1.1.70 Call him in Dennis may exit to fetch Charles, and perhaps re-enter with him.
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1.1.78 good leave full permission
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1.1.83 to stay if made to stay
Editor’s Note
1.1.87 Forest of Ardenne The setting of Thomas Lodge's Rosalynde is the Forest of Ardenne (i.e. Ardennes), in northern France and Belgium. The Folio spelling 'Arden' is the name of a forest near Shakespeare's birthplace, Stratford-upon-Avon.
Editor’s Note
1.1.87 Ardenne Productions may emphasize the Englishness of the play by calling the forest by its English name, 'Arden'.
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1.1.88 Robin Hood legendary rural folk-hero, whose exploits circulated in songs, ballads, and plays during Shakespeare's time
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1.1.90 fleet pass
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1.1.90 carelessly without care, joyously
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1.1.90 golden world the idealized golden age of classical literature, in which all was peaceful and idyllic
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1.1.95 fall bout (in wrestling)
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1.1.95 credit professional reputation
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1.1.96 him himself
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1.1.97 foil throw, defeat
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1.1.99 withal with this
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1.1.100 intendment intention
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1.1.100 brook endure
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1.1.104 kindly affectionately, generously
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1.1.104 requite reward
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1.1.105 underhand unobtrusive; secret
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1.1.107 envious emulator spiteful rival
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1.1.108 parts qualities
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1.1.108 contriver plotter
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1.1.109 natural brother brother by birth
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1.1.109 had as lief would be as happy if
Editor’s Note
1.1.111–12 mightily … thee win outstanding credit at your expense
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1.1.112 practise plot
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1.1.113 device trick
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1.1.116 brotherly with brotherly discretion
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1.1.116 anatomize analyse (from the medical practice of dissection)
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1.1.117 wonder be amazed
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1.1.119 payment just deserts, due punishment
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1.1.119 go alone walk without help (because not crippled from the wrestling)
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1.1.122 stir incite
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1.1.122 gamester athlete, sportsman (meaning Orlando)
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1.1.124 device invention, aspiration, imagination
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1.1.125 sorts classes of people
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1.1.125 enchantingly Orlando's appeal is here likened to enchantment; the modern notion of 'charm' has the same origin.
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1.1.127 misprized despised
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1.1.127 clear resolve, fix, solve
Editor’s Note
1.1.128 kindle … thither incite … to do it
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