Jeremy Bentham

The Collected Works of Jeremy Bentham: The Correspondence of Jeremy Bentham, Vol. 4: October 1788 to December 1793

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Editor’s Note766From Benjamin Vaughan3 May 1791

  •    Stocks here are lower.
  • You hear of Fayette's restoration.2
  • There is still fermentation at Paris.
  • Assignats at 7 or 8 per cent, discount.3

The question about Avignon is on the tapis.4 Lord Stanhope having just returned me Condorcet's report,5 I shall read it, and write to you.

May 3, 1791

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Editor’s Note
766. 1 Bowring, x, 250. Extracts from another letter of Vaughan's.
Editor’s Note
2 After the death of Mirabeau, Lafayette regained influence at court, but not his popularity. He suppressed a riot in April 1791 and offered his resignation from command of the National Guard in Paris, but it was not accepted.
Editor’s Note
3 The assignats instituted by the National Assembly in 1790 were intended as bills of exchange against 'national property' (chiefly the confiscated church lands); they rapidly turned into a paper currency which progressively lost its face value as more and more assignats were printed, with insufficient gold and silver backing.
Editor’s Note
4 The annexation of the Papal enclave at Avignon and the Comtat Venaissin, not completed until September 1791.
Editor’s Note
5 Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat, marquis de Condorcet (1743–94), philosophe, politician and pamphleteer. Although not elected to the National Assembly until September 1791 he had already on several occasions addressed it and made communications to it. In March 1791 he was appointed by Louis XVI one of the six commissioners of the Treasury and the report mentioned may be one signed by himself and four others entitled: Rapport sur le choix d'une unitéde mesure, lu à l'Académie des Sciences le 19 Mars 1791, Paris, 1791, 12 pp. Condorcet went into hiding during the Terror, but was found and poisoned himself in prison.
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