Janet Todd (ed.), The Pickering Masters: The Works of Aphra Behn, Vol. 7: The Plays: 1682–1696

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ACT III. scene i.

The Street, with the Town Gate, where an officer stands with a Staff like a London Constable Editor’s NoteEnter harlequin riding in a Calash, comes through the Gate towards the Stage, Critical Apparatusdress'd like a Gentleman sitting in it. The Officer lays hold of his Horse

officer Hold, hold, Sir, you, I suppose know the Customs that are due 2to this City of Naples, from all Persons that pass the Gates in Coach, Editor’s Note3Chariot, Calash, or Siege Voglant.


harlequin I am not ignorant of the Custom, Sir, but what's that to me?


officer Not to you, Sir! why, what Privilege have you above the rest?

pg 189 6

harlequin Privilege, for what, Sir?

Critical Apparatus7

officer Why for passing, Sir, with any of the before named Carriages.


harlequin Ar't mad?———Dost not see I am a plain Baker, and this my 9Cart, that comes to carry Bread for the Vice-Roy's, and the Cities Use? —— 10ha ——


officer Are you mad, Sir, to think I cannot see a Gentleman Farmer and 12a Calash, from a Baker and a Cart?


harlequin Drunk by this Day——and so early too? Oh you're a special 14Officer; unhand my Horse, Sirrah, or you shall pay for all the Damage 15you do me.

Critical Apparatus16

officer Hey day! here's a fine Cheat upon the Vice Roy; Sir, pay me, or 17I'll seize your Horse. —— Harlequin strikes him. They scuffle a little

Editor’s Note18——Nay, an you be so brisk, I'll call the Clerk from his Office.

19(Calls) ——Mr. Clerk, Mr, Clerk.

Goes to the Entrance to call the Clerk, the mean time Harlequin whips a Frock over Editor’s Notehimself, and puts down the hind part of the Chariot, and then 'tis a Cart Enter clerk

clerk What's the matter here?——


officer Here's a Fellow, Sir, will perswade me, his Calash is a Cart, and 22refuses the Customs for passing the Gate.


clerk A Calash——Where?———I see only a Carter and his Cart.

The Officer looks on [Harlequin]

officer Ha, — What a Devil, was I blind?


harlequin Mr. Clerk, I am a Baker, that come with Bread to sell, and 26this Fellow here has stopt me this hour, and made me lose the Sale of my 27Ware —— and being Drunk, will out-face me I am a Farmer, and this Cart 28a Calash. —


clerk He's in an Errour Friend, pass on———

Critical Apparatus30

harlequin No Sir, I'll have satisfaction first, or the Vice-Roy shall know Critical Apparatus31how he's serv'd by drunken Officers, that Nuisance to a Civil Govern-32ment.


clerk What do you demand, Friend?


harlequin Demand,———I demand a Crown, Sir.


officer This is very hard — Mr. Clerk——If ever I saw in my Life, I 36thought I saw a Gentleman and a Calash.


clerk Come, come, gratifie him, and see better hereafter.

Critical Apparatus38

officer Here Sir,—If I must, I must— Gives [Harlequin] a Crown


clerk Pass on, Friend——

Exit Clerk. Harlequin unseen, puts up the Back of his Calash, and whips off his Frock, and goes to drive on. The Officer looks on him, and stops him again

officer Hum, I'll swear it is a Calash——Mr. Clerk, Mr. Clerk, come 41back, come back—— Runs out to call [Clerk]. [Harlequin] changes as before

Enter officer and clerk

42——Come Sir, let your own Eyes convince you, Sir.——


clerk Convince me, of what, you Sott?

pg 190 44

officer That this is a Gentleman, and that a —— ha,——

Looks about on Harlequin

clerk Stark Drunk, Sirrah! if you trouble me at every Mistake of yours 46thus, you shall quit your Office.——


officer I beg your Pardon, Sir, I am a little in Drink I confess, a little 48Blind and Mad——Sir,——This must be the Devil, that's certain.

The Clerk goes out, Harlequin puts up his Calash again, and pulls off his Frock and drives out

49———Well, now to my thinking, 'tis as plain a Calash again, as ever I saw 50in my Life, and yet I'm satisfy'd 'tis nothing but a Cart. Exit


Changes to the Doctors House The Hall Enter scaramouch in a Chair, which, set down and open'd, on all sides, and Editor’s Noteon the top, represents an Apothecaries Shop, the Inside being painted with Shelves and Rows of Pots and Bottles; Scaramouch sitting in it dress'd in Black, with a short black Cloak, a Ruff, and little Hat

scaramouch The Devil's in't, if either the Doctor, my Master, or Mop-52sophil, know me in this Disguise———And thus I may not only gain my 53Mistriss, and out-wit Harlequin, but deliver the Ladies those Letters from 54their Lovers, which I took out of his Pocket this Morning, and who wou'd Critical Apparatus55suspect an Apothecary for a Pimp.———Nor can the Jade Mopsophil, in 56Honour, refuse a Person of my Gravity, and so well set up.——

Pointing to his Shop

57——Hum, the Doctor here first, this is not so well, but I'm prepar'd with 58Impudence for all Encounters.

Enter the doctor. Scaramouch Salutes him gravely

59———Most Reverend Doctor Baliardo——— Bows


doctor Seignior ——— Bows


scaramouch I might, through great Pusillanimity, blush——to give Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus62you this Anxiety. Did I not opine you were as Gracious as Communitive 63and Eminent; and tho' you have no Cognisance of me, your Humble Critical Apparatus64Servant,———yet I have of you,——you being so greatly fam'd for your Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus65admirable Skill, both in Gallenical and Paracelsian Phænomena's, and other Editor’s Note66approv'd Felicities in Vulnerary Emericks, and purgative Experiences.

Critical Apparatus67

doctor Seignior,——your Opinion honours me——a rare Man this.


scaramouch And though I am at present busied in writing——those few 69Observations I have accumulated in my Peregrinations, Sir, yet the Ambi-Editor’s Note70tion I aspir'd to, of being an Ocular and Aurial Witness of your Singular-71ity, made me trespass on your sublimer Affairs.


doctor Seignior.———

pg 191 73

scaramouch ——Besides a violent Inclination, Sir, of being initiated into 74the Denomination of your Learned Family, by the Conjugal Circumfer-75ence of a Matrimonial Tye, with that singularly accomplish'd Person—— 76Madam, the Governante of your Hostel.


doctor Hum —— A sweet-heart for Mopsophil! Aside


scaramouch And if I may obtain your Condescension to my Hymenæal 79Propositions, I doubt not my Operation with the Fair One.


doctor Seignior, she is much honour'd in the Overture, and my Abilities 81shall not be wanting to fix the Concord.

82——But have you been a Traveller, Sir?


scaramouch Without Circumlocutions, Sir, I have seen all the Regions 84beneath the Sun and Moon.


doctor Moon, Sir! You never travell'd thither, Sir?

Editor’s Note86

scaramouch Not in Propria Persona, Seignior, but by speculation, I have, 87and made most considerable Remarques on that incomparable Terra 88Firma, of which I have the compleatest Map in Christendom——and Editor’s Note89which Gonzales himself omitted in his Cosmographia of the Lunar Mundus.


doctor A Map of the Lunar Mundus, Sir! May I crave the Honour of 91seeing it?

Editor’s Note92

scaramouch You shall, Sir, together with a Map of Terra Incognita, a Critical Apparatus93great Rarety indeed, Sir.

Enter bellemante

doctor Jewels, Sir, worth a Kings Ransome.


bellemante Ha,———What Figure of a Thing have we here—— 96Bantering my Credulous Uncle?———This must be some Scout sent from Editor’s Note97our Forlorn Hope, to discover the Enemy, and bring in fresh Intelligence.-98Hum,—That Wink tipt me some Tidings, and she deserves not a good 99Look, who understands not the Language of the Eyes. [Aside]——Sir, 100Dinner's on the Table.


doctor Let it wait, I am imploy'd ——

She creeps to the other side of Scaramouch, who makes Signs with his Hand to her
Editor’s Note102

bellemante Ha,——'tis so,——This fellow has some Novel for us, some 103Letters or Instructions, but how to get it— [Aside]

As Scaramouch talks to the Doctor, he takes the Letters by degrees out of his Pocket, Critical Apparatusand unseen, gives 'em Bellemante behind him

doctor But this Map, Seignior; I protest you have fill'd me with Curios-Critical Apparatus105ity. Has it signify'd all things so exactly say you?


scaramouch Omitted nothing, Seignor, no City, Town, Village or Villa; 107no Castle, River, Bridge, Lake, Spring or Mineral.


doctor Are any, Sir, of those admirable Mineral Waters there, so fre-109quent in our World?


scaramouch In abundance, Sir, the Famous Garamanteen, a young Critical Apparatus111Italian, Sir, lately come from thence, gives an account of an excellent Editor’s Note112Scaturigo, that has lately made an Ebulation there, in great Reputation 113with the Lunary Ladies.

Critical Apparatus114

doctor Indeed, Sir! be pleas'd, Seignior, to, solve me some Queries that Editor’s Note115may enode some apparances of the Virtue of the Water you speak of.

pg 192 116

scaramouch Pox upon him, what Questions he asks———but I must on Critical Apparatus117[Aside] ——Why Sir, you must know,———the Tincture of this Water 118upon Stagnation, Ceruberates, and the Crocus upon the Stones Flaveces; Editor’s Note119this he observes—to be, Sir, the Indication of a Generous Water.


doctor Hum——— Gravely Nodding


scaramouch Now, Sir, be pleas'd to observe the three Regions, if they 122be bright, without doubt Mars is powerful; if the middle Region or Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus123Camera be pallid, Filia Solis is breeding.


doctor Hum.


scaramouch And then the third Region, if the Fæces be volatil, the Editor’s Note126Birth will soon come in Balneo. This I observed also in the Laboratory of 127that Ingenious Chymist Lysidono, and with much Pleasure animadverted Editor’s Note128that Mineral of the same Zenith and Nader, of that now so famous Water Editor’s Note129in England, near that famous Metropolis, call'd Islington.


doctor Seignior———


scaramouch For, Sir, upon the Infusion, the Crows Head immediately 132procures the Seal of Hermes, and had not Lac Virginis been too soon suck'd Editor’s Note133up, I believe we might have seen the Consummation of Amalgena.

Bellemante having got her Letters, goes off. She makes Signs to [Scaramouch] to stay a little. He Nods

doctor Most likely, Sir.


scaramouch But, Sir, this Garamanteen relates the strangest Operation 136of a Mineral in the Lunar World, that ever I heard of.


doctor As how, I pray, Sir?

Editor’s Note138

scaramouch Why, Sir, a Water impregnated to a Circulation with Fema 139Materia; upon my Honour, Sir, the strongest I ever drank of.


doctor How, Sir! did you drink of it?


scaramouch I only speak the words of Garamanteen, Sir.

142——Pox on him, I shall be trapt. Aside


doctor Cry Mercy, Sir.—— Bows

Editor’s Note144

scaramouch The Lunary Physicians, Sir, call it Urinam Vulcani, it Cali-145brates every ones Excrements more or less according to the Gradus of the Editor’s Note146Natural Calor. —— To my Knowledge, Sir, a Smith of a very fiery 147Constitution, is grown very Opulent by drinking these Waters.

Critical Apparatus148

doctor How, Sir, grown Rich by drinking the Waters, and to your 149Knowledge?


scaramouch The Devil's in my Tongue, to my Knowledge, Sir, for 151what a man of Honour relates, I may safely affirm.

Critical Apparatus152

doctor Excuse me, Seignior——— Puts off his Hat again gravely


scaramouch For, Sir, conceive me how he grew Rich, since he drank Editor’s Note154those Waters he never buys any Iron, but hammers it out of Stercus 155Proprius.

Enter bellemante with a Billet

bellemante Sir, 'tis three a Clock, and Dinner will be cold.—

Goes behind Scaramouch, and gives him the Note, and goes out

doctor I come Sweet-heart; but this is wonderful.


scaramouch Ay, Sir, and if at any time Nature be too infirm, and he pg 193Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus159prove Costive, he has no more to do, but to apply a Load-stone ad 160Anum.


doctor Is't possible?

Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus162

scaramouch Most true, Sir, and that facilitates the Journey per Visera. 163——— But I detain you, Sir, another time———Sir,———I will now only beg Critical Apparatus164the Honour of a Word or two with the Governante, before I go.——


doctor Sir, she shall wait on you, and I shall be proud of the Honour of 166your Conversation.—— They bow. Exit Doctor

Enter to him harlequin, dress'd like a Farmer, as before
Critical Apparatus167

harlequin Hum——What have we here, a Taylor or a Tumbler? [Aside]


scaramouch Ha —— Who's this? —— Hum —— What if it shou'd be the 169Farmer that the Doctor has promis'd Mopsophil to? My Heart misgives Critical Apparatus170me. [Aside] They look at each other a while

171Who wou'd you speak with, Friend?

Critical Apparatus172

harlequin This is, perhaps, my Rival, the Apothecary. [Aside] ——Speak 173with, Sir, why, what's that to you?


scaramouch Have you Affairs with Seignor Doctor, Sir?


harlequin It may be I have, it may be I have not. What then, Sir?———

While they seem in angry Dispute, Enter mopsophil

mopsophil Seignior Doctor tells me I have a Lover waits me, sure it must 177be the Farmer or the Apothecary. No matter which, so a Lover, that 178welcomest man alive. I am resolv'd to take the first good Offer, tho' but in Critical Apparatus179Revenge of Harlequin and Scaramouch, for put[t]ing Tricks upon me.— 180Ha,——Two of 'em!


scaramouch My Mistriss here!

[Scaramouch and Harlequin] both Bow and Advance, both putting each other by

mopsophil Hold Gentlemen, —— do not worry me.

183Which of you wou'd speak with me?


both I, I, I, Madam ———


mopsophil Both of you?


both No, Madam, I, I.


mopsophil If both Lovers, you are both welcome, but let's have fair 188Play, and take your turns to speak.


harlequin Ay, Seignior, 'tis most uncivil to interrupt me.


scaramouch And disingenious, Sir, to intrude on me.

Putting one another by

mopsophil Let me then speak first.


harlequin I'm Dumb.


scaramouch I Acquiesce.


mopsophil I was inform'd there was a Person here had Propositions of 195Marriage to make me.


harlequin That's I, that's I—— Shoves Scaramouch away

Editor’s Note197

scaramouch And I attend to that consequential Finis.

Shoves Harlequin away

harlequin I know not what you mean by your Finis, Seignior, but I am pg 194199come to offer my self this Gentlewomans Servant, her Lover, her Hus-Editor’s Note200band, her Dog in a Halter, or any thing.

Critical Apparatus201

scaramouch Him I pronounce a Paltroon, and an Ignominious Utensil, Editor’s Note202that dares lay claim to the Renowned Lady of my Primum Mobile; that is, 203my best Affections. —— In Rage


harlequin I fear not your hard Words, Sir, but dare aloud pronounce, if 205Donna Mopsophil like me, the Farmer, as well as I like her, 'tis a Match, and 206my Chariot is ready at the Gate to bear her off, d'ye see. ——


mopsophil Ah, how that Chariot pleads.—— Aside


scaramouch And I pronounce, that being intoxicated with the sweet 209Eyes of this refulgent Lady, I come to tender her my noblest Particulars, Critical Apparatus210being already most advantageously set up with the circumstantial Imple-211ments of my Occupation. Points to the Shop


mopsophil A City Apothecary, a most Gentile Calling——Which shall I 213chuse? —— Seignior Apothecary, I'll not expostulate the Circumstantial 214Reasons that have occasion'd me this Honour.——


scaramouch Incomparable Lady, the Elegancy of your Repartees most 216excellently denote the Profundity of your Capacity.


harlequin What the Devil's all this? Good Mr. Conjurer stand by——and 218don't fright the Gentlewoman with your Elegant Profondities. Puts him by

Critical Apparatus219

scaramouch How, a Conjurer! I will chastise thy vulgar Ignorance, that 220yclips a Philosopher a Conjurer. In Rage

Critical Apparatus221

harlequin Losaphers!——Prethee, if thou be'st a Man, speak like a 222Man——then.

Critical Apparatus223

scaramouch Why, What do I speak like? What do I speak like?


harlequin What do you speak like——why you speak like a Wheel-225Barrow.


scaramouch How!——


harlequin And how.

Editor’s NoteThey come up close together at half Sword Parry; stare on each other for a while, then put up and bow to each other civilly

mopsophil Thats well Gentlemen, let's have all Peace, while I survey 229you both, and see which likes me best.

She goes between 'em, and surveys 'em both, they making ridiculous Bows on both sides, and Grimaces the while

Critical Apparatus230——ha,——now on my Conscience, my two foolish Lovers,——Harlequin Editor’s Note231and Scaramouch; how are my Hopes defeated?——but Faith I'll fit you 232both. She views 'em both

Critical Apparatus233

scaramouch So, she's considering still, I shall be the happy Dog. Aside


harlequin She's taking aim, she cannot chuse but like me best. Aside


scaramouch Well, Madam, how does my Person propagate[?]

Bowing and Smiling
Critical Apparatus236

mopsophil Faith Seignior, now I look better on you, I do not like your Editor’s Note237Phisnomy so well as your Intellects; you discovering some Circumstantial 238Symptoms that ever denote a Villainous Inconstancy.


scaramouch Ah, you are pleas'd, Madam.——

Critical Apparatus240

mopsophil You are mistaken, Seignior, I am displeas'd at your Gray 241Eyes, and Black Eye-brows and Beard, I never knew a Man with those pg 195242Signs, true to his Mistriss or his Friend. And I wou'd sooner wed that 243Scoundrel Scaramouch, that very civil Pimp, that meer pair of Chymical Editor’s Note244Bellows that blow the Doctors projecting Fires, that Deputy-Urinal Editor’s Note245Shaker, that very Guzman of Salamanca, than a Fellow of your infallible Editor’s Note246Signum Mallis.


harlequin Ha, ha, ha, —— you have your Answer, Seignior Friskin —248—and may shut up your Shop and be gone.———Ha, ha, ha. ———


scaramouch Hum, sure the Jade knows me—— Aside


mopsophil And as for you, Seignior.


harlequin Ha, Madam—— Bowing and Smiling

Editor’s Note252

mopsophil Those Lanthorn Jaws of yours, with that most villainous Critical Apparatus253Sneer and Grin, and a certain fierce Aire of your Eyes, looks altogether 254most Fanatically——which with your notorious Whey Beard, are certain 255Signs of Knavery and Cowardice; therefore I'd rather wed that Spider Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus256Harlequin, that Sceliton Buffoon, that Ape of Man, that Jack of Lent, that 257very Top, that's of no use, but when 'tis whipt and lasht, that pitious 258Property I'd rather wed than thee.

Critical Apparatus259

harlequin A very fair Declaration———

Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus260

mopsophil You understand me——and so adieu sweet Glister-pipe, and Editor’s Note261Seignior dirty Boots, Ha, ha, ha.— Runs out

[Scaramouch and Harlequin] stand looking simply on each other, without speaking a while

scaramouch That I shou'd not know that Rogue Harlequin. Aside


harlequin That I shou'd take this Fool for a Physician. Aside

264——How long have you commenc'd Apothecary, Seignior?


scaramouch Ever since you turn'd Farmer.——Are not you a damn'd Critical Apparatus266Rogue to put these Tricks upon me, and most dishonorably break all 267Articles between us?

Critical Apparatus268

harlequin And are not you a damn'd Son of a ——— something —— to 269break Articles with me?


scaramouch No more Words, Sir, no more words, I find it must come 271to Action,——Draw.——— Draws


harlequin Draw,—so I can draw, Sir.—— Draws

They make a ridiculous cowardly Fight. Enter the doctor, which they seeing, Critical Apparatuscome on with more Courage. He runs between, and with his Cane beats the Swords down
Critical Apparatus273

doctor Hold—hold——What mean you Gentlemen?


scaramouch Let me go, Sir, I am provok'd beyond measure, Sir.


doctor You must excuse me, Seignior—— Parlies with Harlequin

Critical Apparatus276

scaramouch I dare not discover the Fool for his Masters Sake, and it Critical Apparatus277may spoil our Intrigue anon; besides, he'll then discover me, and I shall 278be discarded for bantering the Doctor. Aside

279—— A Man of Honour to be so basely affronted here. ——

The Doctor comes to appease Scaramouch

harlequin Shou'd I discover this Rascal, he wou'd tell the Old Gentle-Critical Apparatus281man I was the same that attempted his House to day in Womans 282Cloth[e]s, and I shou'd be kick'd and beaten most unsatiably. [Aside]

pg 196283

scaramouch What, Seignior, for a man of Parts to be impos'd upon, — 284and whipt through the Lungs here —— like a Mountebanks Zany for 285sham Cures —— Mr. Doctor, I must tell you 'tis not Civil.


doctor I am extreamly sorry for it, Sir,——and you shall see how I will Critical Apparatus287have this Fellow handled for the Affront to a Person of your Gravity, and 288in my House—Here Pedro,——

Enter pedro

Critical Apparatus289——Take this Intruder, or bring some of your Fellows hither, and toss him 290in a Blanket——

Exit Pedro. Harlequin going to creep away, Scaramouch holds him
Critical Apparatus291

harlequin Hark ye, — bring me off, or I'll discover all your Intrigue.

Aside to him
Editor’s Note292

scaramouch Let me alone———


doctor I'll warrant you some Rogue that has some Plot on my Neece and 294Daughter.——


scaramouch No, no, Sir, he comes to impose the grossest Lye upon Critical Apparatus296you, that ever was heard of.

Enter pedro with others, with a Blanket. They put Harlequin into it, and toss him

harlequin Hold, hold, —— I'll confess all, rather than indure it.

[To Pedro]
Critical Apparatus298

doctor Hold, ———What will you confess, Sir[?]

[To Harlequin] He comes out. Makes sick Faces

scaramouch ——That he's the greatest Impostor in Nature. Wou'd you 300think it, Sir? he pretends to be no less than an Ambassador from the 301Emperor of the Moon, Sir——


doctor Ha, —— Ambassador from the Emperor of the Moon——

Critical ApparatusPulls off his Hat

scaramouch Ay, Sir, thereupon I laugh'd, thereupon he grew angry,— 304I laugh'd at his Resentment, and thereupon we drew——and this was the 305high Quarrel, Sir.


doctor Hum, - Ambassador from the Moon. Pauses


scaramouch I have brought you off, manage him as well as you can.

[Aside to Harlequin]

harlequin Brought me off, yes, out of the Frying-Pan into the Fire. 309Why, how the Devil shall I act an Ambassador? Aside

Critical Apparatus310

doctor It must be so, for how shou'd either of these know I expected 311that Honour? He addresses him with profound Civility to Harlequin

312Sir, if the Figure you make, approaching so near ours of this World, have Critical Apparatus313made us commit any undecent Indignity to your high Character, you 314ought to pardon the Frailty of our Mortal Education and Ignorance, 315having never before been blest with the Descention of any from your 316World.——


harlequin What the Devil shall I say now? Aside

318——I confess, I am as you see by my Garb, Sir, a little Incognito, because 319the Publick Message I bring, is very private———which is, that the mighty pg 197Critical Apparatus320Iredonozor, Emperor of the Moon——with his most worthy Brother, the 321Prince of Thunderland, intend to Sup with you to Night—Therefore be Critical Apparatus322sure you get good Wine. —— Tho' by the way let me tell you, 'tis for the 323Sake of your Fair Daughter.

Critical Apparatus324

scaramouch I'll leave the Rogue to his own Management.—I presume, Critical Apparatus325by your whispering, Sir, you wou'd be private, and humbly beg[g]ing 326Pardon, take my Leave. Exit Scaramouch


harlequin You have it Friend. Does your Neece and Daughter Drink, 328Sir?


doctor Drink, Sir?


harlequin Ay, Sir, Drink hard.


doctor Do the Women of your World drink hard, Sir?


harlequin According to their Quality, Sir, more or less; the greater the Editor’s Note333Quality, the more Profuse the Quantity.

Editor’s Note334

doctor Why that's just as 'tis here; but your Men of Quality, your States-335men, Sir, I presume they are Sober, Learned and Wise.


harlequin Faith, no, Sir, but they are, for the most part, what's as 337good, very Proud, and promising, Sir, most liberal of their Word to every 338fauning Suiter, to purchase the state of long Attendance, and cringing as 339they pass; but the Devil of a Performance, without you get the Knack of 340bribing in the right Place and Time; but yet they all defy it, Sir.———


doctor Just, just as 'tis here.

Critical Apparatus342——But pray Sir, How do these Great Men live with their Wives[?]


harlequin Most Nobly, Sir, my Lord keeps his Coach, my Lady, hers; 344my Lord his Bed, my Lady hers; and very rarely see one another, unless Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus345they chance to meet in a Visit, in the Park, the Mall, the Toore, or at the Critical Apparatus346Basset-Table, where they civilly Salute and part, he to his Mistriss, she to 347play.


doctor Good lack! just as 'tis here.


harlequin ——Where, if she chance to lose her Money, rather than 350give out, she borrows of the next Amorous Coxcomb, who, from that 351Minute, hopes, and is sure to be paid again one way or other, the next 352kind Opportunity.


doctor ——Just as 'tis here.


harlequin As for the young Fellows that have Money, they have no 355Mercy upon their own Persons, but wearing Nature off as fast as they Critical Apparatus356can, Swear, and Whore and Drink, and Borrow as long [as] any Rooking 357Citizen will lend, till having dearly purchased the Heroick Title of a Bully 358or a Sharper, they live pity'd of their Friends, and despis'd by their 359Whores, and depart this Transitory World, diverse and sundry ways.

Critical Apparatus360

doctor Just, just, as 'tis here!


harlequin As for the Citizen, Sir, the Courtier lies with his Wife, he, in 362revenge, cheats him of his Estate, till Rich enough to marry his Daughter 363to a Courtier, again give him all——unless his Wives Over-Gallantry 364break him; and thus the World runs round.——


doctor The very same 'tis here.——Is there no preferment, Sir, for Men 366of Parts and Merit?


harlequin Parts and Merit! What's that? a Livery, or the handsome pg 198Critical Apparatus368tying a Cravat, for the great Men prefer none but their Foot-men and 369Vallets.


doctor By my Troth, just as 'tis here.

371—— Sir, I find you are a Person of most profound Intelligence—under Critical Apparatus372Favour, Sir, — Are you a Native of the Moon or this World[?]——


harlequin The Devils in him for hard Questions. [Aside]

Critical Apparatus374——I am a Naopolitan, Sir.


doctor Sir, I Honour you; good luck, my Countryman! How got you to 376the Region of the Moon, Sir?


harlequin —A plaguy inquisitive old Fool—— [Aside]

378——Why, Sir, —— Pox on't, what shall I say? [Aside] ——— I being——one Critical Apparatus379day in a musing Melancholy, walking by the Sea-side——there arose, Sir, Editor’s Note380a great Mist, by the Suns exhaling of the Vapours of the Earth, Sir.


doctor Right, Sir.

Critical Apparatus382

harlequin In this Fog or Mist, Sir, I was exhal'd.


doctor The Exalations of the Sun, draw you to the Moon, Sir?


harlequin I am condemn'd to the Blanket again. [Aside] —— I say, Sir, I Editor’s Note385was exhal'd up, but in my way——being too heavy, was dropt into the 386Sea.


doctor How, Sir, into the Sea?


harlequin The Sea, Sir, where the Emperors Fisher-man casting his 389Nets, drew me up, and took me for a strange and monstrous Fish, Sir,—— 390and as such, presented me to his Mightiness,——who going to have me Editor’s Note391Spitchcock'd for his own eating.——

Critical Apparatus392

doctor How, Sir, eating?——

Critical Apparatus393

harlequin What did me I, Sir, (Life being sweet) but fall on my Knees, 394and besought his Gloriousness not to eat me, for I was no Fish but a Man; 395he ask'd me of what Country, I told him of Naples; whereupon the 396Emperor overjoy'd ask'd me if I knew that most Reverend and most 397Learned Doctor Baliardo, and his fair Daughter. I told him I did: where-398upon he made me his Bed-fellow, and the Confident to his Amour to 399Seigniora Elaria.


doctor Bless me, Sir! how came the Emperor to know my Daughter?


harlequin ——There he is again with his damn'd hard Questions. 402[Aside] ——Knew her, Sir,——Why——you were walking abroad one 403day.——


doctor My Daughter never goes abroad, Sir, farther than our Garden.——


harlequin Ay, there it was indeed, Sir, —— and as his Highness was 406taking a Survey of this lower World —— through a long Perspective, Sir,-407——he saw you and your Daughter and Neece, and from that very mo-408ment, fell most desperately in Love.——But hark——the sound of Tim-409brils, Kettle-Drums and Trumpets.——The Emperor, Sir, is on his Way,-410——prepare for his Reception.

A strange Noise is heard of Brass Kettles, and Pans, and Bells, and many tinkling things

doctor I'm in a Rapture —— How shall I pay my Gratitude for this great 412Negotiation?——but as I may, I humbly offer, Sir.——

Presents him with a Rich Ring and a Purse of Gold
pg 199413

harlequin Sir, as an Honour done the Emperor, I take your Ring and 414Gold. I must go meet his Highness.——— Takes Leave

Enter to [Doctor] scaramouch, as himself

scaramouch Oh, Sir! we are astonish'd with the dreadful sound of the 416sweetest Musick that ever Mortal heard, but know not whence it comes. 417Have you not heard it, Sir?


doctor Heard it, yes, Fool,——'Tis the Musick of the Spheres, the 419Emperor of the Moon World is descending.


scaramouch How, Sir, no marvel then, that looking towards the South, 421I saw such splendid Glories in the Air.


doctor Ha,——saw'st thou aught descending in the Air?

Critical Apparatus423

scaramouch Oh, yes, Sir, Wonders! haste to the old Gallery, whence, 424with the help of your Telescope, you may discover all.——


doctor I wou'd not lose a moment for the lower Universe.

Enter elaria, bellemante, mopsophil, dress'd in rich Antick Habits

elaria Sir, we are dress'd as you commanded us, What is your farther 427Pleasure?


doctor ——It well becomes the Honour you're design'd for, this Night 429to wed two Princes——come with me and know your happy Fates.

Exeunt Doctor and Scaramouch

elaria Bless me! My Father, in all the rest of his Discourse, shows so 431much Sense and Reason, I cannot think him mad, but feigns all this to try 432us.


bellemante Not Mad! Marry Heaven forbid, thou art always creating Critical Apparatus434Fears to startle one; why, if he be not mad, his want of Sleep this eight 435and forty hours, the Noise of strange unheard of Instruments, with the 436Fantastick Splendor of the unusual Sight, will so turn his Brain and dazle 437him, that in Grace of Goodness, he may be Mad: If he be not;——come, 438let's after him to the Gallery, for I long to see in what showing Equipage 439our Princely Lovers will address to us. Exeunt


The Last Editor’s NoteThe Gallery richly adorn'd with Scenes and Lights Enter doctor, elaria, bellemante, and mopsophil. Soft Musick is heard

bellemante Ha——Heavens! what's here?——what Palace is this?——— Critical Apparatus441No part of our House, I'm sure.——


elaria 'Tis rather the Apartment of some Monarch.


doctor I'm all amazement too, but must not show my Ignorance.——Yes, 444Elaria, this is prepar'd to entertain two Princes.

pg 200445

bellemante Are you sure on't, Sir? are we not, think you, in that World 446above, I often heard you speak of? in the Moon, Sir?


doctor How shall I resolve her?——For aught I know, we are. Aside


elaria Sure, Sir, 'tis some Inchantment.


doctor Let not thy Female Ignorance prophane the highest Mysteries of 450Natural Philosophy: To Fools it seems Inchantment——but I've a Sense 451can reach it,———sit and expect the Event.———Hark——I am amaz'd, but 452must conceal my Wonder——that Joy of Fools———and appear wise in 453Gravity.

Critical Apparatus454

bellemante Whence comes this charming Sound, Sir?


doctor From the Spheres——it is familiar to me.

The Scene in the Front draws off, and shews the Hill of Parnassus; a noble large Walk of Trees leading to it, with eight or ten negroes upon Pedestals, Critical Apparatusrang'd on each side of the Walks. Next keplair and gallileus descend on each side, opposite to each other, in Chariots, with Perspectives in their Editor’s NoteHands, as viewing the Machine of the Zodiack. Soft Musick plays still

doctor Methought I saw the Figure of two Men descend from yonder 457Cloud, on yonder Hill.

Editor’s Note458

elaria I thought so too, but they are disappear'd, and the wing'd 459Chariot's fled.

Enter keplair and gallileus
Critical Apparatus460

bellemante See, Sir, they approach.—— The Doctor rises and Bows

Critical Apparatus461

keplair Most Reverend Sir, we, from the upper World, thus low salute Critical Apparatus462you,———Keplair and Gallileus we are call'd, sent as Interpreters to Great Critical Apparatus463Iredonzor, the Emperor of the Moon, who is descending.


doctor Most Reverend Bards———profound Philosophers——thus low I 465bow to pay my humble Gratitude.

Critical Apparatus466

keplair The Emperor, Sir, salutes you, and your fair Daughter.

Critical Apparatus467

gallileus And, Sir, the Prince of Thunderland salutes you, and your fair 468Neece.


doctor Thus low I fall to thank their Royal Goodness.

Kneels. They take him up

bellemante Came you, most Reverend Bards, from the Moon World?


keplair Most Lovely Maid, we did.


doctor May I presume to ask the manner how?


keplair By Cloud, Sir, through the Regions of the Air, down to the Editor’s Note474fam'd Parnassus; thence by Water, along the River Helicon, the rest by 475Post, upon two wing'd Eagles.

Editor’s Note476

doctor Sir, are there store of our World inhabiting the Moon?


keplair Oh, of all Nations, Sir, that lie beneath it in the Emperors Train! 478Sir, you will behold abundance; look up and see the Orbal World de-479scending; observe the Zodiack, Sir, with her twelve Signs.

Next the zodiack descends, a Symphony playing all the while; when it is landed, it delivers the twelve Signs: Then the Song, the Persons of the Zodiack being the Singers. After which, the Negroes Dance and mingle in the Chorus

pg 201A Song for the Zodiack

  • 480     Let murmuring Lovers no longer Repine,
  • 481       But their Hearts and their Voices advance;
  • Critical Apparatus482     Let the Nimphs and the Swains in the kind Chorus joyn,
  • 483       And the Satyrs and Fauns in a Dance.
  • 484     Let nature put on her Beauty of May,
  • 485       And the Fields and the Meadows adorn;
  • 486     Let the Woods and the Mountains resound with the Joy,
  • 487       And the Echoes their Triumph return.
  • Chorus
  • 488           For since Love wore his Darts,
  • 489             And Virgins grew Coy;
  • 490           Since these wounded Hearts,
  • 491             And those cou'd destroy.
  • 492That ne'er was more Cause for your Triumphs and Joy.
  • 493       Hark, hark, the Musick of the Spheres,
  • 494         Some Wonder approaching declares;
  • 495       Such, such, as has not blest your Eyes and Ears
  • 496         This thousand, thousand, thousand years.
  • 497       See, see what the Force of Love, can make,
  • 498         Who rules in Heaven, in Earth and Sea;
  • 499       Behold how he commands the Zodiack,
  • Editor’s Note500         While the fixt Signs unhinging all obey.
  • 501          Not one of which, but represents
  • 502           The Attributes of Love,
  • 503         Who governs all the Elements
  • 504           In Harmony above.
  • Chorus
  • 505                 For since Love wore his Darts,
  • 506                   And Virgins grew Coy;
  • 507                 Since these wounded Hearts,
  • 508                   And those cou'd destroy,
  • 509       There ne'er was more Cause for your Triumphs and Joy.
  • Editor’s Note510         The wanton Aries first descends,
  • 511           To show the Vigor and the Play,
  • 512         Beginning Love, beginning Love attends,
  • Critical Apparatus513       When the young Passion is all-over Joy,
  • 514       He bleats his soft Pain to the fair curled Throng,
  • 515       And he leaps, and he bounds, and Loves all the day long.
  • 516       At once Loves Courage and his Slavery
  • 517         In Taurus is express'd,
  • pg 202Critical Apparatus518             Tho' o're the Plains he Conqueror be,
  • 519               The Generous Beast
  • Critical Apparatus520            Does to the Yoak submit his Noble Breast,
  • 521            While Gemini smiling and twining of Arms,
  • 522               Shows Loves soft Indearments and Charms.
  • 523               And Cancer's slow Motion the degrees do express,
  • Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus524               Respectful Love arrives to Happiness.
  • Critical Apparatus525                 Leo his Strength and Majesty,
  • Editor’s Note526                 Virgo her blushing Modesty,
  • 527                 And Libra all his Equity.
  • 528                 His Subtilty does Scorpio show,
  • 529            And Sagittarius all his loose desire,
  • 530            By Capricorn his forward Humour know,
  • 531            And Aqua. Lovers Tears that raise his Fire,
  • 532            While Pisces, which intwin'd do move,
  • 533            Show the soft Play, and wanton Arts of Love.
  • Chorus
  • 534                     For since Love wore his Darts,
  • 535                       And Virgins grew Coy;
  • 536                     Since these wounded Hearts,
  • 537                       And those cou'd destroy,
  • Critical Apparatus538         There ne'er was more Cause for Triumphs and Joy.

Editor’s Note539

[keplair] ——See how she turns, and sends her Signs to Earth.—Behold 540the Ram —— Aries——see Taurus next descends; then Gemini———see how 541the Boys embrace.——Next Cancer, then Leo, then the Virgin; next to her 542Libra——Scorpio, Sagittary, Capricorn, Aquarius,——Pisces. This eight 543thousand years no Emperor has descended, but Incognito, but when he Critical Apparatus544does, to make his Journey more Magnificent, the Zodiack, Sir, attends 545him.


doctor 'Tis all amazing, Sir.


keplair Now, Sir, behold, the Globlick World descends two thousand 548Leagues below its wonted Station, to show Obedience to its proper 549Monarch.

Editor’s NoteAfter which, the Globe of the Moon appears, first, like a new Moon; as it moves forward it increases, till it comes to the Full. When it is descended, it opens, and shews the Emperor and the Prince. They come forth with all their Train, the Flutes playing a Symphony before him, which prepares the Song. Which ended, the Dancers mingle as before


  • 550All Joy to Mortals, Joy and Mirth
  • Editor’s Note551     Eternal IO'S sing;
  • 552The Gods of Love descend to Earth,
  • 553     Their Darts have lost the Sting.
  • 554The Youth shall now complain no more
  • pg 203Editor’s Note555     On Silvia's needless Scorn,
  • 556But she shall love, if he adore,
  • 557     And melt when he shall burn.
  • Critical Apparatus558The Nimph no longer shall be shy,
  • 559     But leave the jilting Road;
  • 560And Daphne now no more shall fly
  • Editor’s Note561     The wounded panting God;
  • 562But all shall be serene and fair,
  • 563No sad Complaints of Love
  • 564Shall fill the Gentle whispering Air,
  • 565     No echoing Sighs the Grove.
  • 566Beneath the Shades young Strephon lies,
  • 567     Of all his Wish possess'd;
  • 568Gazing on Silvia's charming Eyes,
  • 569     Whose Soul is there confess'd.
  • 570All soft and sweet the Maid appears,
  • 571     With Looks that know no Art,
  • 572And though she yields with trembling Fears,
  • 573     She yields with all her Heart.


[keplair] ——See, Sir, the Cloud of Foreigners appears, French, English, 575Spaniards, Danes, Turks, Russians, Indians, and the nearer Climes of Christ-576endom; and lastly, Sir, behold the mighty Emperor.——

A Chariot appears, made like a Half Moon, in which is cinthio for the Emperor, richly dress'd and charmante for the Prince, rich, with a good many Heroes attending. Cinthio's Train born by four cupids. Editor’s NoteThe Song continues while they descend and land. They address Critical Apparatusthemselves to Elaria and Bellemante.——Doctor falls on his Face, the rest bow very low as they pass. Critical ApparatusThey make signs to Keplair

keplair The Emperor wou'd have you rise, Sir, he will expect no 578Ceremony from the Father of his Mistriss.

Takes him up

doctor I cannot, Sir, behold his Mightiness———the Splendor of his 580Majesty confounds me——


keplair You must be moderate, Sir, it is expected.

The two Lovers make all the Signs of Love in dumb show to the Ladies, while the soft Musick plays again from the End of the Song.——

doctor Shall I not have the Joy to hear their Heavenly Voices, Sir?


keplair They never speak to any Subject, Sir, when they appear in Editor’s Note584Royalty, but by Interpreters, and that by way of Stentraphon, in manner Editor’s Note585of the Delphick Oracles.


doctor Any way, so I may hear the Sence of what they wou'd say.


keplair No doubt you will —— But see the Emperor commands by signs 588his Foreigners to dance.——— Soft Musick changes

pg 204A very Antick Dance. The Dance ended, the Front Scene draws off, and shows a Temple, with an Altar, one speaking through a Stentraphon from behind it. Soft Musick plays the while

keplair Most Learned Sir, the Emperor now is going to declare himself, 590according to his Custom, to his Subjects. Listen.——


stentraphon Most Reverend Sir, whose Vertue did incite us,

592Whose Daughters Charms did more invite us;

593We come to grace her with that Honour,

594That never Mortal yet had done her,

Critical Apparatus595Once only, Jove was known in Story,

596To visit Semele in Glory.

597But fatal 'twas, he so enjoy'd her,

Editor’s Note598Her own ambitious Flame destroy'd her.

599His Charms too fierce for Flesh and Blood,

600She dy'd embracing of her God.

601We gentler marks of Passion give,

602The Maid we love, shall love and live;

603Whom visibly we thus will grace,

Critical Apparatus604Above the rest of human Race.

605Say, is't your Will that we shou'd Wed her,

606And nightly in Disguises Bed her[?]


doctor The Glory is too great for Mortal Wife. Kneels with Transport


stentraphon What then remains, but that we consummate

609This happy Marriage in our splendid State?


doctor Thus low I kneel, in thanks for this great Blessing.

Cinthio takes Elaria by the Hand; Charmante, Bellemante; two of the Singers in white being Priests, they lead 'em to the Altar, the whole Company dividing on either side. Where, while a Hymeneal Song is sung, the Priest joyns their Hands. The Song ended, and they Marry'd, they come forth; but before they come forward,——two Chariots descend, one on one side above, Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatusand the other on the other side; in which, is harlequin dress'd like a Mock Hero, with others, and scaramouch in the other, Editor’s Notedress'd so in Helmets

scaramouch Stay mighty Emperor, and vouchsafe to be the Umpire of Critical Apparatus612our Difference. Cinthio signs to Keplair


keplair What are you?


scaramouch Two neighbouring Princes to your vast Dominion.

Editor’s Note615

harlequin Knights of the Sun, our Honourable Titles.

616And fight for that fair Mortal, Mopsophil.


mopsophil Bless us!———my two precious Lovers, I'll warrant; well, I Critical Apparatus618had better take up with one of them, than lye alone to Night.


scaramouch Long as two Rivals we have Lov'd and Hop'd,

Critical Apparatus620Both equally endeavour'd, and both fail'd.

Critical Apparatus621At last by joynt Consent, we both agreed

622To try our Titles by the Dint of Lance,

623And chose your Mightiness for Arbitrator.


pg 205keplair The Emperor gives Consent.———

They both, all arm'd with gilded Lances and Shields of Black, with Golden Suns Editor’s Notepainted. The Musick plays a fighting Tune. They fight at Barriers, to the Tune.——Harlequin is often Foil'd, but advances still; at last Scaramouch throws him, and is Conqueror; all give Judgment for him

keplair The Emperor pronounces you are Victor.—— To Scaramouch


doctor Receive your Mistriss, Sir, as the Reward of your undoubted 627Valour——— Presents Mopsophil


scaramouch Your humble Servant, Sir, and Scaramouch, returns you 629humble Thanks.——Puts off his Helmet


doctor Ha,———Scaramouch——

Bawls out, and falls in a Chair. They all go to him

631My Heart misgives me——Oh, I am undone and cheated every way.——

Bawling out

keplair Be patient, Sir, and call up all your Vertue,

633You're only cur'd, Sir, of a Disease

634That long has raign'd over your Nobler Faculties.

635Sir, I am your Physician, Friend and Counsellor;

636It was not in the Power of Herbs or Minerals,

637Of Reason, common Sense, and right Religion,

Critical Apparatus638To draw you from an Error that unman'd you.


doctor I will be Patient, Gentlemen, and hear you.

640—— Are not you Ferdinand?


keplair I am,——and these are Gentlemen of Quality,

642That long have lov'd your Daughter and your Neece.

643Don Cinthio this, and this Don Charmante,

644The Vice-Roys Nephews, both.——

Critical Apparatus645Who found as men———'twas impossible to enjoy 'em,

646And therefore try'd this Stratagem.———


cinthio Sir, I beseech you, mitigate your Grief,

648Altho' indeed we are but mortal men,

649Yet we shall Love you, — Serve you, and obey you ——


doctor Are not you then the Emperor of the Moon?

651And you the Prince of Thunderland?


cinthio There's no such Person, Sir.

653These Stories are the Fantoms of mad Brains,

654To puzzle Fools withal——the Wise laugh at 'em,———

655——Come Sir, you shall no longer be impos'd upon.


doctor No Emperor of the Moon,—and no Moon World!


charmante Rediculous Inventions.

658If we'd not lov'd you, you'd been still impos'd on;

659We had brought a Scandal on your Learned Name,

660And all succeeding Ages had despis'd it. [Doctor] leaps up

Editor’s Note661

doctor Burn all my Books, and let my Study Blaze,

662Burn all to Ashes, and be sure the Wind

Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus663Scatter the vile Contagious Monstrous Lies.

664——Most Noble Youths —— you've honour'd me with your Alliance, and pg 206665you, and all your Friends, Assistances in this Glorious Miracle, I invite to 666Night to revel with me. —— Come all and see my happy Recantation of all 667the Follies Fables have inspir'd till now. Be pleasant to repeat your Story, 668to tell me by what kind degrees you Cozen'd me ——

669    I see there's nothing in Philosophy ——

Gravely to himself

670Of all that writ, he was the wisest Bard, who spoke this mighty Truth.——

671    "He that knew all that ever Learning writ,

Editor’s Note672    "Knew only this——that he knew nothing yet." [Exeunt]

Notes Settings


Editor’s Note
s.d. towards the Stage] Harlequin presumably comes through the wings and moves to the forestage. Real animals were occasionally used on the Restoration stage, as when Joe Haines famously delivered an epilogue on a donkey in Drury Lane in 1697; possibly a real horse was used here.
Critical Apparatus
s.d. hold of 1687] hold on 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 3 Siege Voglant] light carriage with two wheels
Critical Apparatus
l. 7 Why for 1687] Why, for 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 16 Vice Roy; 1687] Vice-Roy, 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 18 an] The 1687 edition reads 'and'.
Editor’s Note
s.d. a Cart] The scene is reminiscent of 'Scene du fermier de Donfront': 'Arlequin pendant ce temps change de juste-au-corps & de chapeau, & paroit en boulanger, avec une chemisette rouge & un bonnet blanc de laine; & son souflet se trouve change en charette'.
Critical Apparatus
l. 30 No Sir 1687] No, Sir 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 30 Vice-Roy 1687] Vice-Roy, 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 31 drunken 1687] Drunken 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 38 Here Sir 1687] Here, Sir 1688
Editor’s Note
s.d. Apothecaries Shop] In Arlequin Empereur Arlequin pretends to be an apothecary: 'Arlequin sortant d'une chaise a porteur, qui en s'ouvrant represente la boutique d'un Apotiquaire.' See Le Théâtre Italien, 1741, I, 168–75. The trick is also reminiscent of the antics of the Earl of Rochester, already alluded to in the scenes of the mountebank in The Second Part of the Rover.
Critical Apparatus
l. 55 Pimp. 1687] Pimp? 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 62 Anxiety. Did I 1687] Anxiety, did I 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 62 Communitive] probably generous. The word is part of Scaramouch's comically pretentious Latinate speech.
Critical Apparatus
l. 64 you, 1687] you 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 65 admirable 1687] Admirable 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 65 Gallenical 1687] Galenical 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 65 Gallenical and Paracelsian Phænomena's] matters described by the classical physician Galen and the medieval alchemist and physician Paracelsus
Editor’s Note
l. 66 Vulnerary] curative
Critical Apparatus
l. 67 honours 1687] honors 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 70 Ocular and Aurial] eye and ear
Editor’s Note
l. 86 speculation] by observation
Editor’s Note
l. 89 Lunar Mundus] map of the Moon world
Editor’s Note
l. 92 Terra Incognita] unknown land
Critical Apparatus
l. 93 Rarety 1687] Rarity 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 97 Forlorn Hope] body of men chosen to begin a military attack or form an advance party
Editor’s Note
l. 102 Novel] news
Critical Apparatus
s.d. and unseen, gives 'em 1687] and unseen gives 'em to 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 105 exactly 1687] exactly, 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 111 gives an 1687] gives us an 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 112 Scaturigo] Latin: spring
Critical Apparatus
l. 114 pleas'd, 1687] pleas'd 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 115 enode] explain
Critical Apparatus
l. 117 Why Sir 1687] Why, Sir 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 119 Generous Water] garbled version of alchemy: Ceruberates is from cerulean suggesting blue and Crocus suggests yellow. In alchemy the yellow stage follows the blue. Generous is both rich and copious. Water here indicates both the spring water and urine.
Critical Apparatus
l. 123 palled 1687] pallid 1688] pallid 1996
Editor’s Note
l. 123 pallid] The 1687 edition reads 'palled'.
Editor’s Note
l. 123 Filia Solis is breeding] Alchemy routinely used the language of breeding and the body for the arrival of the philosopher's stone. If the material, probably in a flask, is pale then filia solis, daughter of the sun, is breeding. See Rulandus, A Lexicon or Alchemical Dictionary (Frankfurt, 1612) and Basilius Valentinus, Occulta Philosophia (Frankfurt, 1603).
Editor’s Note
l. 126 Balneo] The faeces are the dregs, and the balneo (from Latin: balneum) the bath of water.
Editor’s Note
l. 128 Zenith and Nader] Zenith and nadir are astronomical terms for the highest and lowest points of the sky, so height and depth.
Editor’s Note
l. 129 Islington] a place then just north of London with medicinal springs
Editor’s Note
l. 133 Amalgena] nonsensically used alchemical terms. The Crows Head is the black stage of the alchemical process, the onset of which signals the nigredo, the first stage of the work. Lac Virginis is virgin's milk, an alchemical term for mercurial water which washes and coagulates without manual labour; Amalgena or amalgama is a mingling of mercury and other metal, usually gold or silver. Behn may here have been leaning on Ben Jonson's The Alchemist where in Act II these terms also occur. See also Thomas Vaughan, Coelum Terrae; or, the Magician's Heavenly Chaos (London 1650).
Editor’s Note
ll. 138–9 Fema Materia] The collected edition of 1724 changes this to prima materia, so the original substance to which everything could be reduced in alchemy. Either term would do since Scaramouch is increasingly talking nonsense.
Editor’s Note
l. 144 Urinam Vulcani] urine of Vulcan, the smithy god often invoked in alchemy
Editor’s Note
l. 144–5 Calibrates] The 1724 edition changes this to 'calybeates', impregnates with iron.
Editor’s Note
l. 146 Calor] degree of heat. Vulcan's urine puts iron into a person's excrement in proportion to the original body heat.
Critical Apparatus
l. 148 How, 1687] How 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 152 Seignior 1687] Seignior, 1688
Editor’s Note
ll. 154–5 Stercus Proprius] his own faeces
Critical Apparatus
l. 159 Load-stone 1687] Loadstone 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 159 Costive] constipated
Editor’s Note
ll. 159–60 Load-stone ad Anum] magnet to the anus
Critical Apparatus
l. 162 Visera 1687] Viscera 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 162 per Visera] through the entrails
Critical Apparatus
l. 164 Honour 1687] Honor 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 167 Taylor 1687] Taylor, 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 170 me. 1687] me 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 172 perhaps 1687] perhap 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 179 puting 1687] putting 1688] put[t]ing 1996
Editor’s Note
l. 197 consequential Finis] important end
Editor’s Note
l. 200 in a Halter] on a lead
Critical Apparatus
l. 201 Paltroon 1687] Poltroon 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 202 Primum Mobile] prime mover. In the old Ptolemaic astronomy this was the sphere that moved the other spheres.
Critical Apparatus
l. 210 being 1687] Being 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 219 How, 1687] How 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 221 Losaphers 1687] Losophers 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 221 be'st 1687] bee'st 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 223 What 1687] what 1688
Editor’s Note
s.d. half Sword Parry] swords very close together and crossed
Critical Apparatus
l. 230 Lovers, 1687] Lovers 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 231 fit] punish
Critical Apparatus
l. 233 So, 1687] So 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 236 Faith 1687] Faith, 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 237 Phisnomy] physiognomy, face indicating character
Critical Apparatus
l. 240 Gray 1687] Grey 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 244 projecting Fires] projection as the final stage of alchemy and suggesting Baliardo's enthusiasms
Editor’s Note
l. 245 Guzman of Salamanca] the rogue Guzman in the Spanish romance by Mateo Aleman, translated into English as The Rogue. In the seventeenth century Guzman became a synonym for trickery. The reference to Salamanca probably reminded the audience of Titus Oates who claimed to have had a doctorate from the university there.
Editor’s Note
l. 246 Signum Mallis] pseudo-Latin: sign of evil
Editor’s Note
l. 252 Lanthorn Jaws] long thin jaws
Critical Apparatus
l. 253 Aire 1687] Air 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 256 Sceliton 1687] Sceleton 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 256 Sceliton] skeleton, referring to the thin actor Jevon
Editor’s Note
l. 256 Jack of Lent] Lent was the season of fasting, Jack a generic name for a common man or a knave.
Critical Apparatus
l. 259 Declaration —— 1687] Declaration. 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 260 you 1687] You 1688] You 1996
Editor’s Note
l. 260 Glister-pipe] The clyster-pipe was used for enemas, a suitable instrument for an apothecary.
Editor’s Note
l. 261 dirty Boots] Harlequin as a farmer
Critical Apparatus
l. 266 dishonorably 1687] dishonourably 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 268 And are 1687] Are 1688
Critical Apparatus
s.d. between, and 1687] between, 'em and 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 273 you 1687] you, 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 276 Fool 1687] fool 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 277 Intrigue 1687] intrigue 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 281 Womans 1687] Womens 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 287 Fellow 1687] fellow 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 289 Intruder 1687] intruder 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 291 ye, —— 1687] ye, 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 292 Let me alone] leave all matters to me
Critical Apparatus
l. 296 you, 1687] you 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 298 Sir. 1687] Sir? 1688] Sir[?] 1996
Critical Apparatus
s.d. Hat 1687] hat 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 310 either of 1687] eithe rof 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 313 undecent 1687] indecent 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 320 Iredonozor 1687] Iredonozar 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 322 Wine. 1687] Wine 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 324 presume, 1687] presume 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 325 private, 1687] private 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 333 Quantity] The discussion of women's drinking is based on the 'Scene de la fille de chambre' in Arlequin Empereur in which Arlequin as fille de chambre claims 'she' has to drink a lot of wine.
Editor’s Note
l. 334 as 'tis here] In Arlequin Empereur in 'Scene dernière' Arlequin, acting the emperor, describes the lunar world and the doctor and Columbine echo 'c'est tout comme ici'. Behn misses out a good deal of the satire against women to be found in Arlequin Empereur.
Critical Apparatus
l. 342 Wives. 1687] Wives? 1688] Wives[?] 1996
Critical Apparatus
l. 345 Toore 1687] Tour 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 345 ParkMallToore] St James's Park, the Mall in the park and the circuit of Hyde Park were all fashionable places where one would wish to be seen in London.
Critical Apparatus
l. 346 Mistriss, 1687] Mistriss 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 356 as long any 1687] as long as any 1688] as long [as] 1996
Critical Apparatus
l. 360 here! 1687] here 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 368 Cravat 1687] Crevat 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 372 World. 1687] World? 1688] World[?] 1996
Critical Apparatus
l. 374 Naopolitan 1687] Neapolitan 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 379 by 1687] be 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 380 exhaling] drawing up earthly vapours. Using the sun's activity for space travel occurs in Cyrano de Bergerac's Voyage to the Moon.
Critical Apparatus
l. 382 exhal'd 1687] exhaled 1688
Editor’s Note
ll. 385–6 dropt into the Sea] cf. 'Scene de l'Ambassade, et du Voyage d'Arlequin dans l'empire de la lune' where Arlequin describes falling into a lake, being fished up and served as a fish to the moon emperor, Le Théâtre Italien 1741, I, 155–6
Editor’s Note
l. 391 Spitchcock'd] prepared like an eel for eating, cut in pieces and dressed in bread crumbs and herbs
Critical Apparatus
l. 392 eating? 1687] eating. 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 393 fall 1687] fell 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 423 haste 1687] hast 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 434 why, 1687] why 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 434 mad, 1687] mad 1688
Editor’s Note
s.d. Scenes and Lights] Some of this scene is based on the last scene of Arlequin Empereur but Behn's is far more spectacular. 'Scenes' refers to paintings.
Critical Apparatus
l. 441 sure. 1687] sure 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 454 Whence 1687] whence 1688
Critical Apparatus
s.d. Walks. 1687] Walk. 1688
Critical Apparatus
s.d. Keplair and Gallileus 1687] Kepler and Galileus 1688] keplair and gallileus 1996
Critical Apparatus
s.d. Keplair and Gallileus 1687] Kepler and Galileus 1688] keplair and gallileus 1996
Editor’s Note
s.d. Zodiack] Presumably the chariots are descending platforms, and the actors look upstage with telescopes towards where the zodiac machine, another platform, will appear.
Editor’s Note
l. 458 disappear'd] The chariots have been pulled off into the wings taking the actors playing Kepler and Galileo with them.
Critical Apparatus
l. 460 rises 1687] rises, 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 461 we, 1687] we 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 461 World, 1687] World 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 462 Keplair and Gallileus 1687] Kepler and Galileus 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 463 Iredonozor 1687] Iredonozar 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 466 salutes 1687] Salutes 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 467 you, 1687] you 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 474 Helicon] river of Parnassus, mountain of poets
Editor’s Note
ll. 474–5 by Post] very quickly
Editor’s Note
l. 476 store of] many
Critical Apparatus
l. 482 Nimphs 1687] Nymphs 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 500 fixt Signs unhinging] separating themselves from their fixed orbits
Editor’s Note
l. 510 Aries] This begins the list of the signs of the zodiac. Aries bleats and leaps as a ram.
Critical Apparatus
l. 513 all-over 1687] all over 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 518 o're 1687] oe'r 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 520 Yoak 1687] Yoke 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 524 Happiness 1687] happiness 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 524 Happiness] the slow pace at which respectful love turns into happiness
Critical Apparatus
l. 525 Strength 1687] strength 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 526 Virgo] The 1687 edition reads 'his' but makes the sign feminine below.
Critical Apparatus
l. 538 for Triumphs 1687] for your Triumphs 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 539 she turns] The platform is turned to let each sign descend.
Critical Apparatus
l. 544 does, 1687] does 1688
Editor’s Note
s.d. Globe of the Moon] It seems likely that one of the earlier platforms would have to be used to present this descent. The reference later to the chariot is probably to this same device.
Editor’s Note
l. 551 IO'S] exulting shouts
Editor’s Note
l. 555 Silvia] This and subsequent names are simply generic pastoral names.
Critical Apparatus
l. 558 Nimph 1687] Nymph 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 561 panting God] Apollo pursued Daphne who was turned into a reed to avoid him.
Editor’s Note
s.d. descend and land] This seems not a new stage direction but a more detailed repetition of the earlier more general one. The descent of the chariot occurs during the previous song. Alternatively there could be some sort of contraption like a chariot coming out of the 'Globe of the Moon'. At the end of the descent or entrance the platform-chariot would probably be drawn off to allow room for the subsequent action and drawing off of scenes.
Critical Apparatus
s.d. fallson 1687] falls on 1688] falls on 1996
Critical Apparatus
s.d. Keplair 1687] Kepler 1688] Keplair 1996
Editor’s Note
l. 584 Stentraphon] from Stentor, loud voiced, so a speaking trumpet. In the early twentieth century a stentorphone was a loud speaker.
Editor’s Note
l. 585 Delphick Oracles] The Greek gods spoke to humanity through the oracles, especially the famous one at Delphi.
Critical Apparatus
l. 595 only, 1687] only 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 598 destroy'd her] Zeus killed his beloved Semele when, responding to her 'ambitious' wish to see him in his true shape, he appeared to her in his glory and burnt her up.
Critical Apparatus
l. 604 human 1687] humane 1688
Critical Apparatus
s.d. which, 1687] which 1688
Editor’s Note
s.d. on the other side] presumably the chariots used earlier by Kepler and Galileo
Editor’s Note
s.d. Helmets] The use of the stentorian voice and the interruption here echo the prologue.
Critical Apparatus
l. 612 Cinthio signs to Keplair 1687] Cinthio makes signs to Kepler 1688] Cinthio signs to Keplair 1996
Editor’s Note
l. 615 Knights of the Sun] In the last scene of Arlequin Empereur the knights of the sun overcome Arlequin.
Critical Apparatus
l. 618 lye 1687] lie 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 620 fail'd. 1687] fail'd; 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 621 joynt 1687] joint 1688
Editor’s Note
s.d. at Barriers] as if a barrier were set up for a tournament with lances
Critical Apparatus
l. 638 unman'd 1687] unmann'd 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 645 found as 1687] found, as 1688
Editor’s Note
l. 661 all my Books] echoing Cervantes' disillusioned Don Quixote, and Prospero in The Tempest : 'I'll drown my books'
Critical Apparatus
l. 663 Contagious 1687] Contageous 1688
Critical Apparatus
l. 663 Leys 1687] Lyes 1688] Lies 1996
Editor’s Note
l. 663 Lies] The 1687 edition reads 'Leys'.
Editor’s Note
l. 672 nothing yet] The Greek philosopher Socrates was supposed to have concluded that he knew nothing except that he was ignorant.
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